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.DISORDER AT BUFFALO.
VCTllchmcn Strike, and Itesort to Vlolouca Accused of Incendiarism. BurrAi.o, N. Y., Aug. 15. Tliero ia no further disguising1 tho fact that tho strike of tlio Erlo and Lehigh Valley switchmen Is a serious matter. Whether It would hnvo proved bo very serious to tho railroads to have 150 or 200 men loavc their posts of duty without warn ing Is not now the question. Property "belonging to tho railroad company lias been destroyed by incendiary llrcs; men engaged in tho peaceful per formance of their duties liavo been as saulted and sent to tho hospitals; tho movcniont of trains has been bcrioiiBly interfered with, and the Jives of inno cent persons who were in no way con nected with tho strlUo and had not even heard of it have been endangered ly tho derailment of a yusbenger train on one of tho roadh. There had been raoro or less troublo Saturday botweon the htrlkors and their sympathizers and tho men who were doing Uio strikers' work, and u few desultory assaults had occurred. Things began to put on a moro serious aspect at 3 o'clock Supduy morning, when a series of incendiary fires broko out jrmultnneously in the Lehigh valley yards. Eighteen or twenty freight cars, llllcd with wool, cotton, liny and varions other merchandise, two passen ger coaches and two watchmen's houses were burned.. The llrcs occurred at places where the ilrcmou could not suc cchsfully stay the llamcs on account of mi absence of water, besides the difll culty of access to the fires. The water tank adjacent to the coal trestles was smashed aud an engine that was taking water there was wrecked by a btring of runaway coal car.s that had boon turned loose from tl.o trestle. Fire wasdiscovcicdiin tho cast-bonnd yards, east of Dingen street. Here a little olllcc building and two or thrco fieight cars were destroyed. At this time Yardmustor Mead dlscoveied Humes in two passenger coaches used for tho conveyance of workmen and turned in an alarm from William aud Dingen streets. In the yaids east of Dingen street fire raged among the cars of merchnn disc. It took the hose from three carts to reach tint llamcs from tho nearest hydrant. Tho firemen, however, pro vented number tho destruction of a great of cars and tho loss of ! perhaps hundieds of thousands of dollars worth of property. The cars destroyed were in the midst of a great number of other cars. The firemen un coupled a number of cars and removed them fiom danger. A dozen or bo cara were thrown from the Lehigh tracks and a similar number from the Erie by misplaced switches. The first intimation of anything "wrong was when the coal cars were set loose and demolished tho water tank. Then the fires broke out simulta neously. Cnpt WurU, of the Eleventh precinct, put a force of a dozen ofllccrs in the yard as soon as the alarm was given. The ofilcers were unable to find any suspicious ehnructcrs. Three men are at the hospital badly hurt One was assaulted at 3 o'clock Sunday morning, two others at 11 and another at 8 Sunday afternoon. The man who was assnnlted at tho West ern New York & Pennsylvania crossing was on his way for tha wrecker at the time and was turn ing a switch. The strikers had turned fcwitchcb and thrown six cars from his ti am before Unit. He was struck on the head and when ho was taken to tho hospital was completely dazed and did not know what had occurred. One of the men was assaulted at the pusseuger Mation and two at William btreet. One of tho mobt cowardly things dono "was the throwing of switches under passenger train No. IT at William .street at 7::;o o'clock Sunday night Two passenger coaches were thrown from the track, but the conductor docs not think anybody wua hurt, though many were badly frightened. Fifty men boarded passenger tiain aN'o. .'I at 11 o'clock Sunday morning and moleblcd the employes, driving them off. The erow finally succeeded In get ting tho tialn to the station. Tho mob took possession of the Seneca street switches three or four times during tho day and drove off the signal men. Two trains of freight cars standing on sidings at Cheektowaga, the rail road suburb of liuttiilo, were burned Sunday night. Tho Lehigh Valley has .called on the sheriff for protection. He sent six deputies to tho scene nnd will ewear in more this morning. The po lice have yards in seven out of eleven precincts in the city to guard and all the reserves are called out. Tho btrikers say they are determined to win tho fight anil they ubscrt the roads are losing heavily by not having men to perform tho work of the btrikers. Tliey say tho Erie is thor oughly demoralized on account of tho htrilce and that every side track on tho Buffalo division is completely blocked. Ei.smtA, N. Y., Aug. 15. The btriko of switchmen inaugurated at Buffalo on tho Erie and Lehigh Vnlloy lines lias extended to Wavorly and Sayro on tho Lehigh and all freight trains on that lino are at a standstill. A train of beef btnndb on an Evio siding thore, tho switchmen refusing to allow it to "bo switched to tho Lehigh tracks to proceed to its destination. Lockjaw from Htcpplnc on n Null. Duiiuo.uk, la., Aug. 15. Muthlas Flick, a prominent contractor of this city, stepped on a rusty nail eight days ago, and now lies at tho point of death irom lockjaw. Hwiillowml it Dollar mid Died. CunAii lUriws, la., Aug. 15. About tin co months ago Ernst Mason, of Monticello, while bcuflling had the misfortuno to swallow a silver dollar. He thought little of It and worked all tho time until Saturday, ho was solzcd with homorrago and died lu great agony. Cholera Htlll Hprcudliifr. St. PKTHitaiiuiio, Aug. 15. Tho chol era returns from tho wholo of Russia for the 11th inst. show a large Increase in tho number of now coses ns well ai in tho mortality. Tliero were reported 0,177 now cases and 0,000 deaths. GROUND TO PIECES. BIcn on a Hand Car In Canada Itun Down by u Trnln Three Killed, Cowan", Tcnn., Aug. 15. Free minora of Tennessee havo ugaln asserted tholr independence. Saturduy morning tho TW ,(t .uw -vi stockades sheltering tho convict miners at Tracy City were stormed, captured, tholr inmates driven out and the build ings burned to tho ground. At 5 o'clock Saturday morning a com mlttco of miners awoko E. O. Nnthurst, superintendent of tho mines for tho Tennessee Coal, Iron ..fc Ilallroad Com pany, and asked him that the miners bo allowed as many hours work In each week as tho convicts. Mr. Nnthurst replied that he would submit tho mat- tor to the company and do what he could. The commit tee then left nnd Mr. Nn thurst, knowing that an oath-bound organization hud been formed some wcelcs ago for purposes unknown, at oneo began to suspect trouble. Ho wont to Deputy Warden Burton, and together they began to circulate among the miners who were gathering in gioups and try to influence thorn to keep quiet. Their efforts were of no avail. After tho convicts entered the mines about -100 armed men walked into the stockade, and after clearing it of every thing of value sot it on fire aud burned it to the ground. They then marched to the mine and ordered tho convicts brought out, took charge of them and tho guards, loaded them in box cars, and ordered Conduct or Finch and Engineer Uolton to leuvo immediately, ltelng covered by guns they wcio obliged to obey. Next tho telegraph wires were cut nnd a guard was placed over everything in tho yards to prevent it from carrying tho news down the mountain. Tiie train arrived at 1 p. m. Capt. Uurton with twenty-five guards has tho 350 convicts in charge. be tween Sewaneo and Monteagle the con victs cut the train in two and ten or fifteen made a bieak for liberty. Sev eral shots were fired. Matt Wilson (white) was killed and Tom Smith (col ored) wounded. Six or eight made good their escape. Kabiivim.i:, Tenn., Aug. 15. The dis patches announcing the uprising of tho free miners at Tracy City and the ex pulsion of the convicts was received here by both Gov. Buchanan and tho ofilcers of the Tennessee Coal & Iron Company with surprise. Gov. Duchan an said, when questioned, that tho situation was yet too surprising to him to venturo an opinion as to tho state's policy. He did say, how ever, that tho convicts would bo brought to the main prison here, held until the stockade could be re built and then returned under cover of the militia, as had bean done at Coal Creek. Trouble is feared at Coal Creek mines and at Oliver Springs mines. A com mittee of three miners from Coal Creek called on Gov. Duchanan and asked to havo tho troops removed. During the interview a dispatch camo announcing the burning ot tho stockade and release of the convicts at Tracy City. The governor took tho request under advisement. It is expected in many quarters that anoth er general uprising will be the re sult, as matters at the other convict worked mines aro in a critical condi tion. DEATH OF JOHN G. WARWICK. McIClnlcy's Successor In Congress 1'usans An ay lu Wunhlnctun. Washington, Aug. 15. John G. War wick, representative in congress from the Sixteenth district of Ohio, died at his rooms in the Driggs house about 0 o'clock Sunday night. He wasbervinghis first term in congress as successor of McKinlcy, whom he defeated after ono of the most memorable and hotly-contested campaigns in the history of Ohio. Sergeant-at-Arms Yoder has charge of the funeral arrangements nnd has selected Senators Brico and Hill on behalf of the (sen ate and Representatives Donovan, of Ohio; Caruth, of Kentucky; Hurd, of Missouri, and Dynum, of Indiana, on tho part of tho house, as honorary pull bearers. Tho funeral train will leave hero at 7:-10 o'clock this evening and ar rive at Massillon at 11 o'clock Tuesday morning. Mr. Warwick was nearly 02 years of ago and was a native of Irelnnd. Ho came to America in 1850; was interest ed in mercantile pnrsuits, milling, min ing aud farming, and entering public life was elected lieutenant governor of Ohio as a democrat In 18S3. ROCKETS BURST IN A CROWD. Six Killed mill Muny Injured by the 1'ro. limturo Discharge. Nait.ks, Aug. 15. Tho febtival of St Ansclino was closed at Cosa Sunday evening with fireworks in the market place. A bunch of rockets was set too near a burning "wheel" and was ignited. The rods were driven in all di rections through the crowd, carrying with them firo and panic. Six won were struck In, the faco or neck by tho rods nnd wore o badly torn and burned that they died boforo they could be re moved. The bparks sot firo to thclfght gowns worn by several girls, and before the fire could be extinguished four of tho young women were sorloiibly in jured. In tho panic many children wero trampled. Seven mon suffered burns of arms or legs while they wore strug gling In tho crowd, and somo twenty live or thirty women wero more or leas injured. The festival ended with tho explosion. A YOUNG LADY'S FATE. Miss Inmun' Neck llriilion In a Ittumway lit Slurshalltinvn. Mahsiiai.iiown, In., Aug. 15. Miss Phmbo Ininan, daughter of a promi nent farmer in tho eastern part of this county, met a shocking deatli Friday night While returning from Lo Grand with a horse and cart tho horbo been mo frightened and ran away. Miss Inmim was thrown out in such a manner that her head was thrust between tho spokes of ono wheel and she was whirled around and drugged for 20 rodB, her nock being broken, one ear torn off, nnd otherwise raungled. TROOPS CALLED OUT. Kbit York Mllltla Mnrclft'o the Bcnno ot ' tho Hallway ltlots In Ilufltalo Mpro Acts of Vlulonco Committed. Buffalo. N. Y., Aug. 10. Just after nnumgm, uiu Hvrnuug swucnmeu , , . , , ,, Alii 11 t- fire to a second train of sixteen freight cars lying alongside tho Chcoktowaga trestle. Again did tho ilro depart ment respond, and about three-quarters of an hour later two engines were en gaged in fighting tho llamcs, but tho btrikers soon cut tho hoso nnd tho steamers were rendered powerless. The Lehigh Valley ofllelals then ap pealed to Drig. Gen. Doyle for Imme diate aid. Tho gcncrnl lit onco ordered out the Sixty-fifth regiment and it hur ried on a trot for the scene. The Sixty-fifth reached Clieektownga about 1 :30 o'clock, but tho strikers were invisible. They had been apprised by their pickets of the coming boldiery and scattered like so many ants. Tho regiment encamped for the night in a damp field. The Seventy-fourtji regiment readied tho ynrds at 2:15, and the yurds were at once placed under military com mand. There aro 800 soldiers there, and tho yards are burrouuded with men. A guard with fixed bayonets protects every cntrnnco point. During the day incendiarism and violence were resorted to and indi vidual attacks on the so-called "scab" workmen made. The outlook is melancholy and no one can predict tho end. More than S00 car.s have been burned, and a train load of passengers had a miraculous escape with their lives. Freight trains havo been boarded and train men compelled to desert their posts. Switches have been turned and cars thrown Into the ditch. Gondolas were released from coal trestles and al lowed to crash down into the yards, wrecking locomotives and cars and creating general havoc with railroad property. All tn deputies that the sheriff lias called out to comply with the demand of the company for protection deserted him Monday afternoon, nnd Sheriff Heck came Into town early in the evening to demand that the militia be called out. This de mand was acceed to. The Erie road is blocked now. The fires Sunday night and the wrecks block one end and standing trains block the other. The strikers are busy disclaiming respon sibility for Sunday night's events, but they do not try to cover their delight nt the result. It was about 1 o'clock Monday morn inn that the strikers put in their best work at the Lehigh yards, having at that time managed to blockade tho Eric tracks and wreck several trains. It was very easy to set fire to the cars a lighted match in tho oil box of the w heel did the business. So about -he hour named fire appeared simultaneously in the Lehigh yards adjoining the Eric, but so far east thuft the city fire department could not reach it. At 3:15 a. ml 150 cars were burning aud the fires were still break Inir out among the freight cars. The fire spread away down the Lehigh and Erie. Long strings of cars were fired at both ends and burned toward tho center. There was no possibility of saving them as no water was rieur enough to bo of any use. Many Erie men, among them several officials, were on the ground making every ef fort to save what they could, but their efforts were almost unavail ing. By dragging cars apart by hand a few were saved, but it was hardly one in twenty. No engines wero thore, nnd every car had to be moved by hand. Around the burning ears strikers and their sympathizers crowd ed and enjoyed the result of their work. Perched high on box cars they mocked and jeered at the railroad men who worked nt tho blazing wrecks. Master Moriarty of the local lodgo of the switchmen's union states that the strikers were not responsible for the fires. He attributes them to a lot of "tramps and bums that are always around when there Is any excitement." Grand Master Sweeney emphatically condemns the acts of lawless ness, and states that he has as buranees from the men on strilce that they were not responsible for what was done, but It was the work of ir responsible individuals who could not be controlled. Mr. Sweeney further bald thut the Erie and Lehigh switch men here had not been treated in such a way as to keep them in good humor. Their advances had been spurned by those in high authority. Tho only Lehigh Valley train that moved past the Buffalo Creek junction Monday was a coal tram, pulled by en gino No. 270, which went out to Wil liam street about 3:30 p. m. guarded by eight policeman. Tho Nickel Plate succeeded in moving thirty-two cars of live stock from tho Lehigh to the Lake Shore tracks, but when tho men learned of it Monday morn ing they refused to take tho cars up in tho West Shore trains bound over the Central for New York. Then it was learned that 173 cars of live stock be longing the Erio and Lehigh were standing on the West Shore traoks. The men thereupon refused to handle them. Each man was asked sepernte ly to go to work on these cars, and each, upon refusing, was discharged aud bent to get his pay. In conse quence tho Lake Shore switchmen btood in hourly expectation all day of "being ordered out by the union. The immense freight sheds of tho road aro full of freight and the Erlo elevator is full of grain, and something must be dono to relieve tho glut. DOVE TO HIS DEATH. Patrick McOitrcii, or Detroit, tho Victim of roolliardluess. Dkthoit, Mich., Aug. 1(1. In a fit of bravado, Patvlck McQueen, tho most expert swimmer on tho Detroit river, climbed to the top of a 70-foot schoon er's must Sunday evening and dove from tliero to tho water below. Half wuy down he seemed to lose control of himself and turned several times iu midair, striking on his back in tho water with terrific force. lie was quickly picked up and his back found to be broken. Ho died a few hours later. THE MOB RULES. Tho Tennessee- Miners Drlto Awny Mor Convicts unit Destroy Another Stock ndp. Nashville, Tenn., Aug. 10. Ton ncssuo's convict lenso system may bo considered almost as good as abrogated. It was not done by tho processes of legislation but by mob violence. One year ago tho stockades at Coal Creek and llriccvlllc wero burned nnd sovcrni hundred prisoners sot free. Four months later the convicts at Oliver Springs were released. Sat urday last the convicts nt Tracy City were sent to Nashville nnd the mountain stockade was burned. Mon day morning the Inmnn mines in Marlon county wero visited In a like manner, and Mouday nftcrnoon tho lessees formerly declared to the gov ernor thut they would not receive tho convicts at the mam prison here, feed them, or have anything to do with them. Tliis is regarded as almost equivalent to surrendering the lease. Troublo at Inmnn had been looked for from the time the news came that tho torch hud been applied to tho btockade at Tracy City, and the Im pression was general that Ininan would ero long meet with the same ex perience. Monday miners number ing between 150 and 200 mnrclied upon Ininan and in a short time hud captured the guards and stockade and had ordered the 272 convicts out of tho mines, and were en route with them to Victoria, where they wero quickly put on board a num ber of cars used in hauling coke aud started for Nashville. The btockude was not burned, as Its destruction would en tail that of the railroad bridge in tho immedlato vicinity, but the miners in formed the superintendent that while they would not set it on fire they would tear it down. The fiist information that came to Vice President Baxter, of the Tennes see Coal, Iron & Railroad Company, tho lessees of the convicts, was from Vic toria, which announced that no tele graph communication could be had with Inmnn, the wire having been cut during the night. Tills news was an indication thut trouble might be expected. Then camo dispatches stating that a special traiu conveying fourteen extra guards from Nashville to Inmun had been captured by the miners at a trestle a short distance from Victoria, and that Warden Burton and the guards had been forced to return to Victoria, while the miners, rejoicing over tho stoppage of the train and detention of the forces, had gone to Ininan. Arriving at Inman they quickly over powered the sixty-five guards stationed theie, meeting with scarcely any re sistance. Then they seized the stock ade, which was well fortified, and be ing thus in control of the property of the lessees they proceeded to order the convicts to get ready to inarch at n moment's notice to Victoria. After a journey of several miles tho convicts, who were guarded by the miners and tho guards em ployed by the lessees, reached Victoria and were liustleu into the enrs. Tho engineer and conductor were ordered to move on without delay, but this or der could not be obeyed because ar rangements had not been made for tho right of way over the road. This be ing finally secured, the train moved out nnd Inman was at last free from convict labor. Reaching Bridgeport a special train was provided and the trip to Nashville was resumed. Tho convicts reached here Monday and wcic met by tho prison ofilcials and a number of guards, who escorted them to tho penitentiary. The capacity of the prison is 700, As there were already nearly 1,000 convicts within its walls the new arrivals wove obliged to accommodate themselves as best they could to the surroundings. Mondny night the miners went to tho Inmun btockude, pulled down one of tho barricades, and demolished the build ings with axes. The loss to the own ers of the property is SH.OOO. All of tho works belonging to the company will close down. When Gov. Buchanan had been for mally notified of the seizure of tho stockade at Inmun, Adjt. Gen. Norman telegraphed the sheriff of Murion coun ty to bwcur in as many deputies ns ho might deem necessary aud to arrest as many of tho offenders as possible. Judge Moon of the circuit court of Marion county ordered the sheriff to proceed to the scene of the disturb ance and enforce law and order. Mon day night a telegram wus received by Gov. Buchanan from tho sheriff, who said that he was helpless and could do nothing. The best citizens are indig nant, but a popular feeling exists and tho people generally are disposed to encouraged the net. Later in the evening tho company sent the governor a formal notification to tho effect that they would not receive or feed the convicts who had been captured by tho miners at Inmnn nnd brought to this city without their consent. As soon ns the com munication was read tho governor called a meeting of tho board of prison inspectors. The inspectors decided to not only receive tho convicts, but nlso to supply them with food. Mr. Buxter said Monday: "Tlio company is willlwj to aurrci.dcr Its leaho contract nnd leaMi the state free to malto such disposition ot the convicts ns tho statu authorities may deem best Tho company of fered this to tlio last extra Hosston of tho cen tral assembly, but no action was taken upon it. This oiler has Btood open to the state authori ties since that date, and is now open lo them. Tho company only asks that tho law be en forced and tho coinpiny bo protected in tho exe cution of tho contract, or that It bo uimeled." CHOLERA ALARMS THE SHAH. I'erahi's Killer SeeUlne; Surety In tho Coun try Spiead of tho IlUenso. Simla, Aug. 10. Inconsequence of tho dread prevailing hi Teheran, tho capital of Persia, over the invasion of cholera tho shnh has taken up his resi dence at a camp at El Bur., 24 miles from Teheran. In tho city there is nn alarming iucreaso iu tho number of cholura cases reported dally. Everyday tho deaths average 300. A few duys ago tho average number of deaths was sixty. Tho American Protcbtunt mis sionaries have many cholera patients at their hospital. TERRIBLE DISASTER. flic T.nborors Crushed to Death nnd Fittest! Injured nn tlio Toledo, "Wnllnndln(t Val ley Ohio itnllrnnd. Coshocton, O., Aug. 17. Tho Toledo, Wnlhondlng Vnlloy & Ohio rnllrond, a branch of tho Pennsylvania system now In course of construction, experienced its first horrible mishap Monday night, six miles north of here, nt lUchcson's gravol pit. Six human beings wero crushed to death and fifteen others ter ribly injured. Tho list of killed Is ns follows: Frank Gnlll, an Itnlinn, nged 44, head crushed; William llaffcrty, aged 50, head crushed; John Barry, of Nowburg, O., aged 50, hend crushed; Joseph Byfft, of Burlington, Vt, nged 28, throat torn and body crushed; John Halliger, head crushed and disem boweled, nged 50; John Flynn, aged 25, back broken. The cause of the mishap Is as follows: A construction train hnd been engaged In hauling .Travel from tho pit. Tlio killed and injured were engaged In bal lasting tho roadway at a point thrco miles north of Uiu pit After tho Inst train had been unloaded tho men boarded tho cars that wero being pushed abend of the engine to come to their boarding camp, a few hundred yards south of tho gravel pit Tho train was running at a hazardous speed and when it arrived at tlio gravel pit, which was to bo passed without stopping, tho switch was onen and tho train entered tho siding and collided with somo empty cars standing in the pit Tho greater number of tho workmen wero seated on tho first nnd second curs and when tho long train turned in upon tho spur had no opportunity to jump. Ten of tho cars were piled in a mass of debris and beneath this the pcor mortals wero crushed. MARTIAL LAW Itolgns In tho Itallrouil Yards at Kast Iluf fnlo 1'cwTruliiH Moling nnd tho lllock ndo Is Increasing. Buffalo, Aug. 17. The situation in tho Erie nnd Lehigh yards presents but little change from that of Monday with the exception that the soldiers are pa trolling the yards and martial law is in full force. Very few trains are moving and neither road appears to have men enough to keep tho tracks clear of freight cars. Tho Seventy-fourth regi ment is at the William street yards and the Sixty-fifth half a mile further down the tracks. Thrco soldiers of the Sixty-fifth regi ment were slightly injured yesterday by the explosion of torpedoes placed on the tracks by the btrikers. There wero in the neighborhood of 200 ' torpedoes placed. Tho soldiers were guarding a freight which was being moved. It ex ploded the torpedoes and the splinters struck Sergeant Elers and two men in tho legs. Dr. Crego picked the pieces out nnd tho men are on duty again. All the streets nnd railroad tracks in tho vicinity are patrolled and complete ly occupied by tho troops. At noon a, now lino of pickets was thrown out extending for half a mile beyond tho city line. Just inside tho city lino Capt. Kilroy has a force of sixty police officers. Ills force joins at the city lino with the military. The New York Central authorities no tified the Sheriff that a striko was ex pected in their yards and requested pro tection. The Central switchmen wero not called out and trains are moving as nsual. TO HARNESS NIAGARA. Pluns for n GIruiiUc Structure Which It Is Proposed to Uso In Generating i:lcc trlenl l'owcr From thn I'nllii. Hamilton, Ont, Aug. 17. Col. Leon ard Hcnkle, of Rochester, who recently laid before Mayor Blaicher, of this city, and the officials of the Grand Trunk railroad his scheme for harnessing Ni agara's water power, now states that he is almost ready to make a start on the undertaking. He proposes to con struct a gigantic power house ncross the brinlc of Niagara Falls for tho pur pose of generating electrical power, to bo used for lighting, running trains and operating all kinds of machinery. This power ho claims to be able to transmit long distances. Plans for the power house are now in preparation. It will be 1,000 feet high, will contain 4,000 windows and have 13,070,000 feet of floor capacity. Tho materials used will be iron, steel, gran ite, marble, glass and copper, and tho cost is to be ?35,000,000. Col. Henklo expects his enterprise to yield 0 per cent, on a capital of ?25(1,000,000. Four years will be required to build tho power house, on which ho expects to make a start in November. HUNDREDS HOMELESS. A Uolttwaro Town in Swept hy I'lro und Almost Completely Destroyed Ono Per son Cremated. Wii.minotox, Dei, Aug. 17. News was received hero last night from Del mar, Del., ninety-eight miles south of here, to tlio effect that firo Tuesday af ternoon almost wiped out that town and entailed a loss of about $75,000. Aid arrived from Salisbury, Md., but the firemen could do little clso but watch tho town go to ashes, ab the water bup ply was limited and two feeble btreams that were played upon tho burning mass of frame buildings wero converted into steam boforo tho water fell upon tho firo. Tho burned area comprises about thrco acres and Includes all tho lending btores, two churches, railroad station and repair shops of tho Dcla waro Kailroad Company, tlio post office, Delniar hotel and from thirty to forty dwellings. Threu hundred peoplo nro homeless nnd lost all their earthly bo longings. Will Defy tlio Cninuiliisloii. Chioaoo, Aug. 17. Western nnd northwestern lines propose to find out just what authority is assumed by tho inter-state commerce commission. A uccret vote is now being taken among thorn on an advance in tho lumber rato to that effect boforo the committee or dered tho reduction from Enu Clalro. Tho order of tho commission was nulli fied by all tho lines between Chicago und Duluth making from all points tho three cent reduction ordered. Tills re duction involved a loss of 20 per cent on tho revenue from tho entire lumber traffic. This loss Is being severely felt by tho railroads. SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY. During tho present year tho area planted to vines In Uruguay will b doubled, tho present production bolng about two million gallons. Tho total consumption of wlna Is about twenty million gallons, all of which Uruguay hopes to produce within a decade. Prof. Btichner, of Darmstadt, states that In tho caso of somo old woman a complete rejuvenation occurs when they have reached an advanced age, and ho Instances two, tho Marquise do lllra bcau und Margaret Vordur, who re newed their youth, ono at slxty-flvc, tho other nt eighty years of age. A tablo mado of Nllo mud, which has arrived at tho British museum, con tains in cuneiform impressions tho mar rlugo proposal of a Pharoah for tho hand of a daughter of tho king of Baby lon. It was written about 1,500 years before Christ Fifteen thousand women typewriters nro employed in a small region in tho city of New York, between Worth street and tho Battery, whero many of tho largo wholesale houses aro situated. Ono typewriting machlno corapnny finds employment through ono office for two hundred and fifty women a month ; and through Its various offices, for ten thou sand women a year. Tho New York stenm company aro planning to carry coal from tho Penn sylvania mines to Now York city in largo pipes. It Is to bo ground, mixed with water and pumped into this plpos. It is estimated thut it will travel five miles an hour, cost less than by rail, and do away with tho slate, Iron pyrites, sulphur and other Impurities. Silversmiths now counsel thtfir pa trons to keep line tablo silver In Canton flannel rather than in wool. Tho ex planation is that tho woolen flannels hitherto commonly employed for this purpose nro treated, in the course of their production, with sulphur, and enough of tho latter clings to the flan nel to tarnish tho metal when It Is kept in flannel bags. ' Tho French vintage of 1891 was larger than for seven years past, amounting to 003,000,000 gallons from 4,355,000 acres, an average yield of 153 gallons per acre. In 1890 the yield was 003,000,000 gallons from 4,541,000 acres, giving an average of but 133 gallons per acre. Tho value of tho 1891 vintage is however, f 4,000,000 less than that of 1800, Indicating an Inferior quality of wine for tho later year. The Canadian railway statistics for the year 1891, which havo just been pre sented parliament, show a total milo ago in operation of 14,209, an increase of 753 miles over the previous year. Tho amount of government bonuses paid was $147,105,432; government loans paid, $202,013,141; government subscrip tions to shares paid, $300,000; municipal aid paid, $13,702,509; earnings, $48,102, 099; working expenses, $34,900,450; net earnings, S13,2S1,049. If a man weighing 108 pounds wero to bo transferred to tho moon, tlio weight of his body measured, at least, by the attraction which tho moon would exercise upon it, would bo re duced to about twenty-eight pounds. If his muscles and his f ramo remained the same, it would seem ns if ho would be able to jump over a wall twelve feet high on the small globe without any greater exertion that would bo required to clear a wall two feet high on tho earth. The first sunshino recorder was tho invention of Mr. John C. Campbell, of Islay, and consisted of a hemispherical bowl, in which a spherical glass ball stood on a low pedestal. As tho sun passed across the sky, Us rays, concen trated by tho ball, burned a groove in tho side of the bowL With this instru ment the amount of sunshino during six months was roughly recorded, and the character of Individual months was fairly shown, but the grooves of two successive days could not be distin guished from each other, tho change in the sun's declination being very slight Slips of cardboard wero afterwards sub stituted for the wooden bowl; and in tho present form of npparatus, devised by Sir G. G. Stokes, according to tho Scottish Geographical Magazine, three brass groovcs.concentrio with tho splice leal lens and adjusted for the latitude, hold tho cards for Bummer, winter and the equinoxes respectively. Tho cards are changed daily at sunset. Science. OWLS WANTED. Scotland's PlnRue of Mice, nnd Its Con. sldorntlon litu Public Meeting. In May last a meeting of farmers was held in Edinburgh to consider what means should bo taken in connection with tho plnguo of mice, or "voles," which at present extends over tho southern counties of Scotland. Tliero was a demand for thn re-introduction of owls, to tho extermination of which, as well as of other birds and animals which proy upon mice, the plague is at tributed. Tlio chairman gave an account of an. owl, not beforo known in Scotland, which had been introduced, and which was said to bo very fatal to mice; and ho made n pica for tho preservation of tho owls which already exist. What may bo tho result of destroying naturo'b equilibrium by exterminating owls, snukes and other useful creatures of God which prey upon vermin is well illustrated by tho condition of southern Scotland, us revealed in tho addresses and reports at this E linburgh meeting. Ono gentleman baid ho had gono with u government official who had looked into the matter in Roxburgh, Dumfries nnd Kirkcudbright They wont over hundreds of acres whore not a vestige of vegetation was to bo seen. Tho mico had taken every thing. Another gentleman baid that in tho high districts about Hawluk every farmer had had all his sp.iro hands ou gaged in killing mieo for a long time, but the mico increased so rapidly that no Impression was made upon thorn. Tlio meeting p.issod a resolution call ing for a government commission to in vestigato tho mutter thoroughly, and bco if some remedy could not bo pro vided. In tho meantime farmers wero urged to encourage tho preservation and propagation of all birds aud ani mals which proy upon mice.. -Youth'a Companion.