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Perrysburg journal. (Perrysburg, Wood Co., O. [Ohio]) 186?-1965, October 29, 1892, Image 3

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Tho First Noroomon Who Boaohod
tho Amorloan Shoro.
Alleged DliooTory of the Very Site of nil
Massachusetts Homo (lorry's' I.nn cl
ing Suppoiod to llo tho Spot Whoro
tho Daring- Adventurer Lauded.
tSpcclal Dostoa Lottcr.1
There is a fascination in tho thought
that wo may stand upon tho very
Bpot whoro tho first Norseman who
reached America put up his home; tho
very spot where Lcif Eriltson, rough
and bearded nnd bold, landed his little
craft, and with his flcrco and shaggy
followers, erected a homo upon tho
American shoro and gave thanks to
Odin and Thor for tho fortunate com
plbtion of a daring voyogo.
Tho gradual change of opinion regard
ing tho fact of Norso voyages to this
country has been most curious. Somo
years since, scarcely tho most daring
ventured to suggest that, centuries be
foro tho timo of Columbus, Norsemen
reached our shoro. Now, scarcely the
most daring will deny it.
That Leif Eriltson actually landed
upon North American soil, and that ho
sailed his boat for quito a distance
along tho North American coast, may
bo considered sure, and those who have
closely investigated tho story of his
voyage have not hesitated to mark out
somewhat of the routo that ho pursued.
And now it is oven claimed that tho
very site of his Massachusetts homo has
Tocen discovered; that very recently the
exact spot has been found; and it was
with feelings of tho deepest interest
that wo visited tho spot and viewed the
Following tho Charles river past
where it flows into tho sea; past whero
it widens into tho broad Back bay
(much broader, years since, than now);
past where it is lined by the buildings
of Boston's outskirts, one goes onward,
up the dark and quiet stream, and as he
notices tho-1 almobt imperceptible cur
rent, and the banks of black mud, and
tho marshy fields and sedgy gras3
stretching off on cither hand, his fancy
may picture Lcif Eriltson and his men
proceeding slowly up that very stream
and past those muddy banks and sedgy
The story of tho inception of tho voy
age is interesting. A Norso boat,
driven by tempests from its course, had
approached an unknown land, but tho
captain, although gazing with aston
ishment upon tho new-found capes and
"bluffs, did not pause to further prose
cute tho discovery, llo returned home
and, telling of tho new land that he
had seen but not landed upon, excited
wondering comment and vaguo con-
jecturo among tho fearless mariners
who thronged to hear him.
And one among them, Leif Eriltson,
was strangely fired by tho talc Ho
could no longer sail with patienco tho
brief voyages that had before con
tented him. His wild spirit yearned to
reach tho now land; passionate ambi
tion and restless longing urged him to
sail away into unknown regions and to
seek untried ventures, until at length,
giving way to vehement eagerness, ho
departed In quest of the seen but real
ly undiscovered country. ,
llo touched at several points whoso
exact locality can but bo conjectured,
lint his description of a prominent
cape which he finally reached is so
much like a description of Cape Cod that
it may r.ot unreasonably be believed
that it was really Cape Cod that ho
lie did not pass beyond this cape,
checked doubtless by that long and
drearily-forbidding lino of sand, but,
turning back, and coasting along tho
shore whero afterward tho "Pilgrims"
landed, proceeded on his way until ho
found what seemed a fitting place to
spend tho winter season.
lie passed into a river which flowed
from a laleo into a bay such Is tho de
scription In tho old Norso Saga and
then, going upon tho shore, directed
his men to there set up their wintor
Tho description applies closely to tho
Charles river, running as It does from
tho Back bay to tho Bay of Massachu
setts. From tho not too definitely
worded description In tho Saga, how
ever, it would bo supposed that upon
tho "lake" (tho Back bay, that is) was
the Norso home, while, as a matter of
fact, there is no reason for supposing it
was actually there.
For upon the shores of tho Back bay
have been found no oxcavations, no
vestiges of homes; and, much more im
portant than this, It is supposed that
thcro was no landing-place no place,
at least, fit for living upon on either
sldo of tho Charles river from its mouth
to a spot some distance above tho Baok
Day, and that there was no landing
place upon tho shores of tho Back bay
But tho Saga need not bo interpreted
in a narrow or technical spirit. Wo
may fairly suppose It to mean that they
passed from the bay into tho lake, and
made tholr lauding at tho first fitting
spot that could bo found.
And, too, the place which Lcif finally
choso was so eminently satisfactory
that his brother Thorwald, two years
later, sought it out as tho spot whereon
to establish his own wintor quarters;
therefore the locality must havo l e'en
one with peculiar and special adn
tagea such a spot has been found.
It is most curiously Interesting that
tho landing placo of Lcif Eriltson may
bo discovered by following tho course
of n party of Eugllshmon who, several
centuries after Ills tlmo, wcro on the
Charles river undor conditions in somo
respects quito similar.
Boforo tho founding of Boston, Win
throp and his associates, sailing up
tho Charles river, earnestly looked
about them for a good landing placo.
They passed through the Back bay;
they went onward post tho swampy
flats, until, coming to a bend where was
tho only landing placo on either side of
tho stream for miles, they decided to
there stop.
Qewy's Landing so tho placo was
long sinco named and Gerry's Landing
is thought to bo tho very spot whero
Lcif, preceding Winthrop In such re
markable fashion, also grounded his
boats and pulled them up on shore.
Tho early New Englanders, after the
country began to bo settled, soon
learned tho valuo of this fine landing
place. A log warehouse was ercctca,
and many a cargo of merchandise was
thcro unloaded and stored, to be piled
later upon tho clumsy primitive wagons
of those early days and dragged by
slow-moving ox teams into the interior,
cither to the log homes of tho wilder
ness dwellers, or to be bartered with
tho Indians for peltries and game.
And yet, important though Gerry's
Landing was In early days, It long sinco
ceased to be used and is now almost
forgotten. Few know tho locality, and
the near-by presence of tho contagious
ward of the Cambridge hospital serves
to keep those few away.
Relics, too, have been found in east
ern Massachusetts, which have hastily
been set forth as mementoes of the
Norsemen, and engravings and sketches
of tho articles havo been published in
elaborate form.
Yet all the relics arrows, stone axes
and other pieces aro but familiar In
dian forms, and we have in our own col
lection an Indian net-sinker of stone
which is exactly similar to the store net
sinker found at Gerry's Landing and
claimed by its finder to be Norse.
It is a great mistake to try to actually
prove tho various facts connected with
the Norse visits. The facts arc not sus
ceptible of irrefragable, incontestiblo
proof. There is not, after all, a tangi
ble, visible sign on the North American
continent to show that tho Norsemen
actually reached tho North American
shores, and in viow of this it is unwise,
Indeed, to attempt to demonstrate, In
disputably, what Is not susceptible 'of
indisputable demonstration.
Yet thero is another kind of demon
stration possible. Thero is the reason
able and natural interpretation of tho
Saga. There is tho btudy of all tho at
tendant surroundings. Thero is tho
comparison of all that was probable,
with what was actually done, so far as
tho meaning of the Norso record may
be understood.
Such study and such reasoning lead
to tho feeling of certainty that tho
Norso actually reached New England,
whllo further study and reasoning, if
not weakened by absurd claims regard
ing chimneys and relics, lead to tho
reasonable probability that at Gerry's
Landing was actually Leif's home.
Thero is very much which points out
tho truth of tho supposition. Thcro is
no other spot which can bo pointed out
as moro likely to bo tho very one.
Gerry's Landing Is, therefore, a pro
foundly Interesting locality, associated
as it is with such a happening.
In front the river makes a great bend,
slowly dragging its black and muddy
waters out of sight around tho low,
wot banks of tho opposite shore. A
marshy, unattractive little stream runs
Into tho Charles close, by, adding some
what to tho dreariness of effect.
On slightly rising ground, near tho
llttlo brook and away from tho
marshes, aro corn fields and vegetable
gardens, while an old cemetery shows
its white stones among tho trees.
A gently-undulating country is imme
diately behind the landing, with slight
depressions and llttlo ridges and clumps
of oak and pine.
Over tho trees shows tho tower of an
observatory which stands on u hill
overlooking Mount Auburn, whero such
a number of world-famous men and
women aro buried, whllo nearer is one
of the most attractive homo districts in
tho world, distinguished for comfort,
culture and hospitality. i
What a change sinco tho centuries
when tho Norsemen, half savhgo,
with their wild looks aud primitive
garb, sprang from tholr llttlo craft and
glanced cagorly about over tho un
known land!
An Army or I'cncn 1'nrnde the Street of
Chicago Tho Urent Clvlo Procession
One of tho Feature of the Dedicatory
Chicago, Oct 31. All Chicago was
up with tho lark Thursday. In fact
tons of thousands of pooplo wcro be
stirring thoraselvcs ahead of tho
feathered songsters, if any of tho lat
ter havo braved tho raw mornings and
chilly nlght3 to claim their sharo In
tho festivities of tho day. On tho stde
walks along tho lino of tho
parado not only men, but frag
ile women, girls in short skirts
and boys in knockcrbockcrs begnn to
secure positions of vnntage almost with
tho first indications of tho break of
day. Tho early risers were wise in
their day and generation, although
their wisdom involved a tedious wait
of something like six hours; for tho
routo of tho parade was less than threo
miles in length, and tho head of tho
column had got back to the starting
placo and disbanded long boforo tho
center had begun to move.
Shortly boforo 11 o'clock thoscof tho
distinguished guests who wcro not do
sirous of figuring In tho parado wore
escorted to the grand stand. Thcso
included Vice President Morton and
tho members of the cabinet,
Chief Justice Fuller and his asso
ciatcvi of tho supromo court,
ex-President Hayes, Cardinal Gib
bons and party, Gon. Schofield and
Admiral Belknap, tho visiting members
of the diplomatic corps', and the con
gressional and gubernatorial visitors.
It was within a few moments of 11
o'clock when tho booming of cannon
on tho Lake Front gave notice to the
city that tho head of the column was
about to move. The parado had been
arranged in three grand divisions, each
having a dozen or more of subdivisions.
Gen. Miles was grand marshal.
A detachment of mounted police, tho
very pick of the city's force, led tho
first grand division. Behind them
came a company of their brother
patrolmen on foot stepping out with
military precision to the music of
Sousa's band, the latter acting as
special escorts to tho band of tho
Mexican republic. Next In lino
was Grand Marshal Miles and his
staff, but the appearance of the Indian
lighter was not welcomed with half
the enthusiasm evoked by the gayly-
uniformed Chicago Hussars, who came
along in column of platoons. A long
string of carriages, containing Mayor
Washburnc, the members of the boaro
of aldermen, and tho city officials, fol
lowed tho Hussars. After these
and bringing up tho rear of the
first division wore tho visiting gov
ernors and tho members of their
Threo hundred Indian lads from tho
Indian school at Carlisle, Pa., under
command of Capt Piatt, attired in neat
gray uniforms, had the post of honor
in the second grand division, and ncted
as .escort to Gen. A. P. Hawley. The
remainder of the division wus made up
of various secret, benevolent and fra
ternal societies.
The third and last grand division of
the parade was nearly as large as the
other two combined. It was composed
exclusively of members of Roman Cath
olic organizations, fraternal, social and
Although the routo of the parado was
less than 3 miles long, tho , pro
cession was fully 10 miles in length.
Rough estimates of the number of men
in line varied from 80,000 to 5)0,000. It
was un imposing demonstration, but so
complete had been the prepara
tions that the vast body
of marchers was handled with but
comparatively trifling confusion. The
members of the various organizations
saluted Vice President Morton and the
distinguished guests as they passed tho
reviewing stand at tho government
building, and in some cases cheers for
the visitors were called for and given
with a will.
As early as 9:S0 o'clock tho thousands
of children who were selected to form
the human flag of "old glory" began to
assemble at both ends of the grand
stand on Clark street and Dearborn.
Boys in blue, who represented the blue
quadrangle of "old glory," were placed
at the north end of the stands, the stripes
proceeding longitudinally from this
quadrangle and below to tho left. Al
ternate rows of girls dressed in red and
white formed the stripes. The gen
eral assembly was dignified and
particularly impressive. The best effect,
however, was only to bo appreciated
from a distance, and the hundreds who
viewed the parado from the top of tho
Lakeside building and the immediately
adjacent blocks witnessed a beautiful
Chicago, Oct. 31. The banquet given
by tho members of tho Fellowship club
In honor of the distinguished visitors
was held in Kinsley's beautifully-decorated
banquet hall.
After a telegram of greeting from
the Clover club of Philadelphia had
been read President Scott made an ad
dress of welcome, concluding with pro
posing a toast to tho health of Presi
dent Harrison. This was responded to
by Vice President Morton, who was
loudly cheered.
The other speakers were Secretary
of State Foster, President Palmer, of
tho Columbian exposition national
commission, Baron do Fava, the Italian
minister, Chief Justice Fuller, Molvillo
E. Stone, Gov. MeKlnley, of Ohio,
Moyor Washburne, of Chicago, Hon.
Chnunccy M. Dopow, Hon. Whitolaw
Reid, Richard M. Hunt, Rev. Dr. Mc
Cook, and Artist Kepler, of Puck.
Destructive Storm In hurtllnlu Many lor.
koiim Drowned.
Oaqliaui, Oct. 2i A heavy storm ts prevail
Ing over Sardinia, tho district about Cagllurl,
and great damage lug been done. Tho lowlands
uro Indumlutcd. At Dcclmoinnunu, 3 miles
northwest of Cugllarl, eighthouscswcro washed
away. Not less than 100 buildings havo been
washed awuy at Elmas, and tho loss Is immense
A number of persons arc known to havo been
drowned. One-third of tho town of Asscmlnl
has been destroyed, uno demolished houses
wore poorly built brick structures. Tho poo
plo who orcuplcd them aro now homeless, ant
many of them are utterly ruined, having been
tinablo to savo anything from tho llcou.
Two woinon who wero trying to move tbelt be
I longings from one house remained 'oolong jind
Those Kroatcd nt tho 'World' Fntr
Ground by Now York, Ohio, Iovrn, Kan.
inn, Massachusetts, llhodn .Island and
Florida Aro Dodlcntod.
Chicago, Oct. 31. Now York, Ohio,
Massachusetts, Kansas, Rhodo Island,
Florida and Iowa wero tho states
whoso buildings at tho world's fair
grounds wero dedicated Saturday.
Tho exercises of tho Now York stato
building began about 3 o'clock. Thoro
was music by an orchestra nnd quar
tette singing, and thon Rov. S. J. Me
Phorson. pnstor of tho Second Presby
terian church, Invoked tho Dlvlno
blessing upon tho assemblage.
formally assigning
to exposition pur-
poses was made by Chauncey M. Do
pow. It was in tho gifted New York
er's happiest vein. Director General
George R. Davis accepted tho building
on behalf of tho exposition authorities
in a few clear, pointed sentences.
Gov. Flower's address followed. It
was brief, but comprehensive, nnd was
warmly received. ArchblshopCorrigan's
address, which succeeded that of Gov.
Flower, was an eloquent tribute
to tho genius of tho great discoverer.
Tho Ohio people formally dedicated
their state building at tho world's fair
grounds with a parade, speeches and
music Somo of tho most prominent
men of tho Buckeye region partici
pated. Tho exercises wero opened
with music and a prayer by Rev. Dr.
Day, chaplain of tho Ohio state
senate, uftcr which President Pcabody
delivered a short address and turned
the keys of the structure over to Gov.
MeKlnley. In accepting them the gov
ernor also delivered a few appropriate
words. Speeches were made by Sen
ator Shennnu, Senator Brice, and
others of the dignitaries present. They
were interspersed by instrumental and
vocal music.
Iowa's pretty building was formally
dedicated by Gov. Boies, his staff: and
a small party of Iowuns at 11 o'clock
a. m. 'Die party was escorted into the
grounds by a picked detachment from
the First brigade.
The Iowa State band opened the exer
cises with Rossini s
Barber of Seville'-i
overture. Rev. T.
E. Greene, chaplain
of the First Iowa rcjrlment, delivered
tho invocation. Then James O. Cros
by, president of tho Iowa Columbian
exposition, in a few well chosen words
presented the building to the governor,
Horace Boies, who accepted it in an elo
quent address and tendered it to the
World's Columbian exposition. Director
General George R. Davis in a happy
speech formally accepted it, and a
medley of national airs by the state
band followed. A poem by Mrs. Lucia
Gale Barber, an oration by E. P. Seeds,
tho benediction and Fred Phenny's
"Columbian March," played by the
state band, closed the programme.
Gov. Russell, of Massachusetts, had
plenty of company when the dedication
ceremonies of tho commonwealth's
building were commenced. E. C
Hovey, tho executive commissioner
of tho Massachusetts state board,
made an address in which he ten
dered tho building to the governor and
offered it for tho use of the state.
Gov. Russell accepted it in a short ad
dress. The dedicatory exercises at the Kan
sas stato building began at 10:80
o'elock. Tho building is not yet com
pleted, but it is sufficiently along in its
construction to show that it will bo a
beautiful structure and a source of
prido to the fatate. Short addresses
wero made by W. II. Smith, chairman
of the Kansas state exposition board,
Lieut. -Gov. Felt and others.
Uov. Brown dedicated tho pretty
llttlo Rhodo Island state house at 1
o'clock in tho presence of his staff
officers, n goodly little company of
citizens of that state and a number of
members of the Chicago Society of
Sons of Rhodo Island.
Florida's state building, a reproduc
tion of old Fort Marion, upon which so
great amount of history is founded,
wns dedicated Saturday afternoon.
Thero were not many Florida people
present and the exorcises wore some
what brief. The building is not yet
completed, but Its exterior looks cx
nctly like the old fort which It is built
to represent,
A Cliureh lluriird.
Lyons, la., Oct 24. In the midst of
tho borvlees which were being hold In
tho second floor Sunduy tho First M. E.
church, u brick structure, was discov
ered to be In flames. The Hro quickly
destroyed the belfry aud roof nod
gutted tho interior. Every one escaped
bafely. Tho building was valued at
S1-.000, utsd wns insured for M,r00.
Dead and Dying,
Bonham, Tex., Oct. 24. Bob Wih
Hums and Bob Cook lecuine Involved
in a quarrol near hero and both used
knives as arguments. Cook is dead and
Wil.iums will die.
Tho address
tho building
After Months of Suffering Donth Come
Painlessly to Mr. President Harrison
Hocnos During tho Closing Hour or tier
Lire Her Itemnin to llo Hurled at In
dianapolis A lllngrnphlciil Sketch.
Wahhinoton, Oct. 35. Mrs. Harri
son is no inoro. Tho end came at 1:40
n. m. For tho second tlmo in the his
tory of tho white house a president's
wife has died within its walls. Mrs.
Harrison mot denth with the patienco
and resignation of a devout Christian,
nnd her last days wore comparatively
frco from pain. Tho body wlil
bo taken to Indianapolis, whero tho
interment will be made at Crown Hill
cemetery Thursday.
About 13:!10 o'clock, whllo Dr. Gard
ner sat by Mrs. Harrison's side with his
lingers lightly pressed to her pulse, his
weakness of the heart's action, fol
lowed almost immediately by a slight
decrease of respiration. He notified tho
grief-stricken family grouped around
the couch that tho end was near.
The president was beside his
dying wife, as he had been for nine
hours continuously, and his was tho last
of tho loved features her eyes had dwelt
upon. Her breath was labored and
slow. As the hands of the clock crept
toward the next hour it grew fainter
and yet less frequent, and as the time
piece marked the hour of 1:40 o'clock
thero was an interruption of the feoblo
breath, a resumption and then a stop,
this time to be etornal, and the life of
Caroline Scott Harrison had gono out
peacefully and quietly and without
All of the family in Washington wero
present at the deathbed except tho
three litfe grandchildren and tho ven
erable Dr. Scott, the fnther of Mrs.
Harrison. They were: President Harri
son, Mr. and Mrs. McKc'e, Mr. and Mrs.
Russell Harrison, Lieut, and Mrs.
Parker, Mrs. Diminick and Mrs. New-,
The members of the family spent a
few minutes around tho lifeless clay,
and let a voil bo drawn over their deep
grief. When they emerged with sor
rowful faces the president retired im
mediately to his room and closed his
door. The other members of the
family, respecting his evident
wish, allowed him to remain un
molested to contemplate) his great
bereavement and commune with his
Mrs. Carollno L.ivlnlu. Scott Harrison ivag
born in Oxford, O., on October 1, 1835, but tho
friendship which resulted in malting her tho
wife of the futuro president of tho United
States began nt College hilt, Cincinnati, when
young Ben was II) years old and was attend
ing a school In which Carrie Scott's father.
Rev. John W. Scott, was a professor.
Miss Carrie was just about young Har
rison's age and a warm nnd earnest friendship
sprang up between them. Dr. Scott removed to
Oxford, O., to become president of tho Oxford
female seminary, and in the fall of 1H50
Harrison entered tho Miami university at tho
same place. Possibly the fact that Miss Carrio
was in that town had something to do with
turning his steps thither. At tho numerous
social entertainment which took placo ut
Oxford Student Harrison had n chance to meet
Miss Carrio, and tho friendship born back at
College hill continued. She was one of tho
brightest and most Intelligent of tho young
ladv students tliero. Slio had dark brown
hair and eyes of tho samu shade, whllo
her features, of a brunette cst, were llrm,
but pleasing, winning and beautiful. Shu
hud the faculty of making everyone
easy In her presence, and so the pathway of
tho rather modest young man wus not a rough
one. So they wcro engaged. Two years rolled
away. Student Hart lson graduated nnd began
tho study of law In Cincinnati. In October, 1S53,
thu marrlago of Carrie Scott und Henjamin
Harrison took place, and du.ing the
winter of 1853-1 the happy couplo lived
at his home near North Head, not far from
Cincinnati, preparing meanwhilo to begin life's
battle alono In tho spring. When spring camo
they removed to Indianapolis, where they have
since resided with thu exception of tho tlmo
passed in Washington. Her married life was
naturally in a meusuro u reflection of her bus
bund's. Sho never hindered him In any duty of
life, und when he told her of his enlistment
for tho war sho did not hinder blm. She
gavo him her blessing, and when ho left her tor
tho held the tears and words ut parting showed
w hat u sacrifice sho had made. Upon the election
of Mr. Hurrison as Uni ted Sta tes senator and the
breaking up of tho home ut Indianapolis for tho
one at Washington, tho same qualities distin
guished her us ut Indianapolis and sho won
u social triumph. Following her ex
periences as the wife of a senator
cumo the duties of mistress of tho whtto house.
As such sho proved herself a charming host, be
ing ably assisted by her daughter, Mrs. Mary
Scott McKeo. Aside from her daughter and tho
hitter's llttlo son, Mrs. Harrison had ono son,
Husell IS. Harrison. Having graduated at tho
Oxford seminary in tho same year Mr. Harrison
took his degree at tho university, Mrs. Harrison
was ulways devoted to literary matters, und
ut Indianapolis was a member of sovcral
literary clubs. She was also u musician and
devoted to painting and was manager of
ono of tho Indianapolis orphan asylums. As
tho daughter of u minister of the gospel she
wus always anuclivo Christian, and was a mem
ber of tho Presbyterian church Among the
many noblo women of Indianapolis whoso zeal
In good work Is their glory aud u benediction to
tuu city Airs. Harrison stood m mo iront ran it.
Intelligent, refined, educated nnd devoted to
God, sho helped to muko her homo us much n
sanctuary of religion us of domestic lovo and
fudge lllmlgi'U lCeitlgns.
Chicago, Oct. 25. Judge Blodgetthas
sent his resignation to President Har
rison und lifter tho first Monday in De
cember thero will be a vacancy in the
olllce of tho United States judge for tho
northern district of Illinois. Tho resig
nation was sent lust week und tho date
nbovu named was fixed for It to tuke
cUVct, bo that tho president could hava
ample time in which to nick out u suc
cessor for tho present judge. The rea
bon for the resignation Is tho recent ap
pointment of Judge Blodgutt lis a mem
ber of tho commission of arbitration in
the dispute between this country and
England regarding the Bchring tea
lair fliftwVr7 &fZ-"&'-r4A'r7 vJU
Seven Persons Killed In n Itnllvrny Dlsna
tor Nenr l'hllndclphln Two Men Slain
In n Collision In Wisconsin Seven Deaths
from n Disaster III the Stato of Wash
Pjnr,ADr.i.riiiA, Oct. 25. Tho Slm
mokln express on tho Philadelphia &
Reading railroad which is duo in this
city at 0:30 a. m. wns in collision with
a train of empty coal cars a short dls
tanco north of West Manayunk, about 8
miles north of this city, at a few min
utes past 9 o'clock Monday morning.
Soven persons wero killed outright nnd
twenty-four more or less seriously in
jured. Following aro tho names of tho
Annln Atchison, nged 15, of Mincrsvlllo, Pa,;
James Hoynton, u machinist, of Heading, Pn.:
Mrs. Margaret Devlnc, of Phlluuclphin, killed
undor n stono on tho express: David S. Herr,
of Harrishiirg, wns a member of tho lust Penn
sylvania legislature: James Ktlraln, aged S3, of
Tnmntum, Pa., brukemnn: Frank Stiff, a nnws
boy, or Heading, Pa.; Thomas Welsh, llrcuian
of tho express train.
The Shnmokin express left Pottovlllo
at 7 o'clock. At Fhoonlxvlllo orders
dated nt Reading wero received to run
on tho north-bound track from West
Conshohocken to West Falls regardless
of all other trains. From West
Conshohocken in pursuunco of
thcso orders tho train took
tho north-bound track. Train No.
CSS of empty coal cars started north
from West Manayunk on tho northern
track shortly boforo 9 o'clock. Tho
railroad ofllcials say that positive in
structions had been given that tho coal
train should lie up at West Falls, south
df where the collision occurred, until
the Shamokln train had pasned.
Tho two trains came together on a
curve. A moment later tho shrieks and
groans of tho dying and wounded filled
tho air. The express was filled with
passengers. The engines plowed their
wuy through each other, then the pieces
rolled over. Tho front of tho baggago
car was crushed In. Tho rear of tho
baggage car and tho forward end
of the smoker crashed together.
Tho smoker telescoped its way into
tho passenger couch fully one-half
its.length. The buggage car was lit
erally smashed to pieces and thrown
over on the north-bound track in a
heap with the engines. It caught fire
and was soon burned up. The next
two cars kept tho track, notwithstand
ing that they wero telescoped. Tho
next passenger coach and the Pullman
car wero badly damaged. Except for
scratches und bruises the passengers
in tho last two cars escaped unhurt.
As the engines approached each other
Engineer Billings and Conductor
Geleehacher of the coal train jumped
from the cab, and what injuries they
sustaiucd wcro received in falling.
Gallagher, the fireman, wus coaling up
at the timo and saw the Impending
danger in time to jump from the tank.
Tho only Injury he sustained was a
sprained wrist. Engineer Fitch and
Fireman Walsh wero alone in tho pas
senger engine. They wero buried in
tho ruins before they knew what hap
pened. Tho injured were quickly taken
away ana soon a row oi seven tleou
bodies wero laid out on tho side of tho
road. Word was sent in several direc
tions for medical aid, and 111 a short
tlmo a staff of physicians wcro on hand
looking after the injured who could not
bo immediately removed in the ambu
lances. The dead were taken to the
city police station at Manayunk.
Milwaukkk, Oct., 25. A collision be
tween a freight and work train on
the northern division of the Chicago,
Milwaukee & St. Paul road between
Elkhart and Plymouth, Wis., ut 10:30
o'clock Monday morning resulted in
tho death of two employes and the In
jury of eight others. The names of tho
dead are: Thoinus Fitzgerald, of Do
pere, and Nick Ringle, of Elkhart. Tho
working train, engaged bet wen Elk
havtund Plymouth, left Flagman E. C.
Richardson on the road to flag freight
train No. 14, duo from the north. Rich
ardson cither failed to perform his duty
or the signal was not seen, und the
freight crushed into tho work train.
Spokane, Wash., Oct. 25. An ucci
dent occurred on the construction lino
of tho Great Northern road at 8 o'clock
Mondny morning, resulting in tho death
of soven men and fatally injuring five
more and seriously injuring six others.
Tho track-laying crew had fin
ished work up to tho Wenatchee
river, and Monday morning started to
lay rails across that stream. The
oust approach and first span wcro
crossed safely. When the middle, at
the second span, was readied, the falsa
work under tho bridge collapsed and
the track machine, together with two
carloads of tics and three ears loaded
with rails, fell into the river CO feet be
low. The men wero thrown in every
direction and some buried by tics.
Tho l'euco Footing from 1HD3 to 1805
Will II" 402,000, Mulling tho htrungtll
of tho Umpire Aliuust ns Great un That
or Itussla. '
BKKI.IN, Oct. 25. Official details of
tho now army bill have been pub
lished. Tho peace footing from Oc
tober 1, 18D3, to March Ul, 1895, Is fi.Ned
at 492,003. The service of the infantry
is generally reduced to two years. Tho
adoption of this measure Is necessary
because the former military prepon
derance of Germany Is gone. The war
strength of France Is plnecd at 4,053.
0U0 and of Russia 4,550,000. When
tho reorganization under the bill Is
completed tho German army will huvo
attained a strength of 4,400,000.
Tho Victims or Choleru In Ittuslu. Num
ber 77,000.
St. Pktkhsmiro, Oct 25. Since the
outbreak of cholera in tho Russian do
minions thero havo been in tho lieu
tenancy of tho Caucasus 125,000 cases of
the dlseaso and 05,000 deaths. In
Sara tort there havo been 31,000 cases
and 11,000 deaths and in St. Petersburg
3,800 cases and 1,A00 deaths, making in
iheso threo districts nlono a total ot
159,800 cases and 77,000 deaths. Threo
weeks ago the dlsousa broke nut in War
taw. and sinco that tlmo twenty cholera
death have oecurred in that city.

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