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ANARCHISTS PABPONED, Ploldon, Noobo and Sohwab Sot nt Llborty by Gov. Altgold. Itan Governor Issue n Lone Statement In IVhlcli Ho Severely Criticise Judga GarynnlInpoctorBonfloll lloli of tho Opinion tlio Men Wore Sufficiently Punlshod. SnniNOFiKLTJ, Ill,, Juno 27. Anarch ists Flclden, Ncobo and Sohwab wcro pardoned by Gov. Altgold yesterday. Banker E. S. Dreyer, who has been in terested In their case from the start, came down from Chicago in the morn ing and after securing a pardon for each of them, from tho hands of Got. Altgold, loft for .Toilet at noon. It is supposed Mr. Dreyer's infiuenco was decisive. It was not even known that the caso was being' considered by tho governor and his action creatod great surprise. Gov. Altgeld's statement accompany ing the pardon of tho imprisoned an archists contains 17,000 words. Tho governor reviews tho history of tho Haymarket meeting of May 4, 1880, in detail, and says tho basis of tho ap peal for pardon was tho petition signed by several thousand merchants, bank ers, judges, lawyers and other promi nent, citizens of Chicago, which, as suming tho prisoners to bo guilty, stated tho belief that the prisoners havo been punished enough, but a num ber of them who havo examined tho caso more carefully base their appeal on Entirely different grounds and as sert:. First That the jury which tried tho case was a packed jury, selected to con vict. Second That according to tho law as laid down by tho supreme court, both prior to and again since the trial of tho case, the jurors, according to their own answers, were not competent jurors and tho trial was, therefore, not a legal trial. Third That the defendants were not proven to be guilty of the crime charged in the indictment. Fourth That as to the defendant, Ncebe, tho state's attorney had de clared at tho close of the evidence that there was no caso against him and yet he has been kept in prison all these years. Fifth That tho trial judge was either so prejudiced against the de fendants or else so determined to win the applause of a certain class in tho community, that he could not and did not gnmt a fair trial. The governor's statement sustains tho five specified points in the appeal referred to, and says that tho facts tend to show that the bomb was thrown as an act of personal revenge and that the prosecution never discovered who throw it. Speaking of Judge Gary ho says: "It is further charged with much bitter ness by those who speak for the pris oners, that the record of the case shows that the judge conducted the trial with malicious ferocity and forced eight men to be tried together; that in cross-examining the state's witnesses ho con fined counsel for the defense to the specific points touched on by the state while in the .cross-examination of the defendant's witnesses he permitted the state's attorneys to go into all manner of subjects entirely foreign to the mat ters on which the witnesses were ex amined in chief; also that every ruling throughout the long trial on any con , tested point was in favor of the state, and, further, that page after page of tho record contains insinuating re marks of the judge made in the hearing of the jury nnd with the evident intent of bringing the jury to his way of thinking. "That these speeches, coming from tho court, were more damaging than uny speeches from the suite's attorney could possibly havo been; that tho state's. attorney oftejn took hiscue from the-judge's remarks; that tho judge's niagazino article recently published, ulthough written nearly six years after the trial, is yet full of venom; that, pretending to simply review the ca.se, he had to drag into his article a letter written by an excited woman to a news paper after tho trial was over, and r which, therefore, had nothing what ever to do with the case and was put into' the article simply to create a prej udice, agahist the woman. "I am convinced that it is my duty to act in this caso for tho reasons already given, and therefore grant an absolute pardon to Samuel Fielden, Oscar Ncebe and Michael Schwab, this 20th day of June, 1S93." Chicago, Juno 27. The anarchists arrived in this city at 7:30 last evening. Quite a crowd gathered at the station to witness the arrival. Tho three men and Mr. Dreyer left tho train and went quietly to their homes. A HufTalo Dunk Forced tu Close. Buffalo, X. Y., June 37. Tho Queen Citv bank, which was started here a llttlo ocr a year ago, closed its doors shortly after noon yesterday. P. M. Inglc-hart, ono of the directors, said thut the suspension was due to a bteady payment of money out of the bank which has been going on for several -weeks. Tho bank paid out all tho money it had, even to dimes, nickels and pennies, and when tho last cent was gone tho officers went out and closed tho doors. Mr. luglohurt bald thut tho bank had plenty of collateral, but found it impossible to raise money on it in tho present iluanelal strin gency. The bank owes its depositors over $1,400,000. ioori Coal lu CuuniH'tlcut. Daniiuhuy, Conn., Juno 27. There is much excitement hero caused by tho accidental discovery of an apparently l'lch deposit of coal in the center of tho city. r A fow days ago Isaac B. Thomas began to dig a ccllur. Tho workmen found soma peculiar looking black stone a few feet below tho burfaco. No attention was paliVto it until Saturday, when an unusually heavy bla3t uncov ered a largo vein of "tho samq substance. Exports pronounced it coal. Tho voln appeal's to oxtond in a k-dgo beneath imo of the public school houses; Coal lias heretofore been found in Connecti cut, but always of an inferior quality . A PATRIOTIC MASS. flare. Italic Melted Together to Form the Mow Liberty Hull It In Sucromifully Cant n Troy, N. Y Mr. Clovclnnd Unable to T.iko I'art In tho 1'rocrnmme. Thoy, N. Y.. June 23. At 8:15 Thurs day evening Miss Eugenia 1'. Mcncely, daughter of Clinton II. Mcncely, let loose a flood ot metal at her father's foundry which, when cool, will bo tho liberty boll of this century. And tho molten mass that flowed at her com mand was composed of patriotic mai terial, implements of warfare, material of the most historic interest, swords that have boon used in battle, metal identified with every progress in inven tion and sciuncc, remembrances and love gifts. The tlmo for tho casting was set for 4 o'clock in the afternoon, but owing to the damp ntmosphero the furnace did not draw well and it was 8:25 when tho boiling metal bubbled over the top of the mold. It was orig inally intended that Mrs. Cleveland would touch a button at Gray Gables, whereby the electrical apparatus at the foundry would bo set in motion releas ing the metal from the furnace, but Mrs. Cleveland was in poor health and could not venture out in the stormy north and cast gale which prevailed at Buzzard's Hay. Tho mold of thejboll was not vislblo prior to the casting, but was imbedded in the earth just in front of the fur nace. The core was placed in first, the outer caso containing the in scription and dates being placed in after, and all the joints hermetically sealed. When the com mittee arrived at tho foundry all they could see was the great furnace filled with 13,000 pounds of molten metal melted by the use of coal furnished free by the state of Pennsylvania. Then there was a small hole in the earth just in front of the furnace, and into this the molten metal, sparkling and looking like a snake of fire, found en trance, until, when the mold was full, the fiery inas began to spread out over the ground. Then the tlow was stopped and Mr. Mcncely announced that the boll was cast The bell is to be placed in the world's exhibition at Chicago. At the close of the exhibition it is intended that it shall bo sent throughout the world as a missionary of freedom. It is suggested that it may be sent to Jerusalem to commemorate the 1000th anniversary of the birth of Christ and also to the next world's exhibition, which is expected to take place in Paris during the year 1000. It is proposed that the bell shall ring at each sunrise and sunset; at 9 o'clock in the morn ing on the anniversaries of days marking great events in the world's progress toward liberty; at 12 o'clock on the birthdays of the '"Creators of Liberty," and at 4 o'clock it will toll on tho anniversaries of their deaths. II. Walter Webb, third vice president of the Central-Hudson railroad, has placed at the disposal of the com mittee in charge a special car for the transportation of the bell to Chica go. Exercises will be held by the Daughters of the American Revolution at Syracuse, Rochester, Buffalo, Cleve land and other places along the line. The Idea ot casting tho Columbian liberty bell originated ttlth M. O. McDowell, of Ne wark, T, J. A committee was organized with members from uicry statu and territory and several foreign countries, Daughters and Sons of iho American Heolutton, and the Lyceum League ot Amerlcx Be sides fragments of old guns, revolution ary relics, sllter coins, candlesticks, etc , lucre are iil.uJi) bronze pennies contributed by schoolchildren fused Into '.he bell metal Mr. llogcr A. Pryor, of New York, sent two bullets which met in midair durlrir a battle of tho lata rebellion. Ono came from the rebel lines and tho other .was from a "Yanl! s" rlHe. The concussion caused the lend to assume to assume the shipe of the let ter U. There is alio a bit of Washington's old sun eying chain, a lock from Jeffer son's musket and nails taken from tho flooring ot tho room In which '.he wrote tho text of the declaration of Indepen dence. Glvery; state contributed some cherNhed memorial. A former slao of Jef ferson Da is sent the keys of his old master's mansion. There are also some old Roman tolns in tho fmion Tho total weight ot tho Columbian bell is I.!,00 pounds or about ten limes the weight of tho old liberty bell. Tho Inscriptions upou It are: "A new commandment I griu unto jou, that ye love one another;" "Proclaim liberty through out all the land, unto all the inhabitants there of," and "Glory to God hi tho highest, peace on earth, good will to men." DEATH ON THE RAIL. AN EASIER FEELING. A Train In Now .Tonior Striken a Carriage, lUlllnR a Woman nnd Three. Children Two Men Cremated In tho Iltilim of a Wrecked Train In Wisconsin. ' Nf.wauk, N. J., Juno 20. A tuain from Jersey City on the Nowark branch o f the Erie railroad struck a carriage near Avondalo station Saturday afternoon. ijTIio carrlago con tained Mrs. Williams and her 12-year-old daughter and Mrs. Dru ctt and her two children a boy aged about 3 years and a girl about 5 all residents of Newark. The thrco children were Instantly killed. Mrs. Druett was carried to the bank along side the track and died within a few minutes. Mrs. Williams was bo badly injured that her death is expected at any moment. The blamo for tho disaster Is said to lie entirely with the engineer of the train. Tho bodies of the little children were fright fully mangled. Wkst Sui'Kition, Wis., Juno 20. An extra . freight, carrying forty-four cars and running 30 miles an hour, ran into an ox asleep on the track near Part ridge, 40 miles from Superior, at 3 o'clock Saturday morning and was wrecked. Every car was derailed and twenty cars loaded with coal and mer chandise were piled in a heap, quick ly ignited and burned, together with the remainder of the train excepting the caboose. The company's loss is $100,000, including the engine, which is a total wreck. Engineer John M. In gersoll and Head Urakeman Michael Mc Nanny were buried beneath the debris and burned alive. Several tramps who were beating passage it is thought are also cremated. The charred bones of two bodies were taken from the ashes of the wreclt John Kiley, the fireman, has an arm broken and is scalded about the abdomen. Conductor Baxter Hall and Hear Urakeman Thomas McCam bridge were in the caboose and are so, verely injured. Mo.nticei.i.0, 111., June 20. George Harnett and John Bartlett were run over by the Wabash cannon-ball train 'l mile' u est of Bemeut Sunday morning and Harnett was instantly killed, llart- lett was terribly injured and will die. Harnett's bodv was literly torn to pieces. Three trains passed over it. be fore it was discovered. The men had been to Heinent and had been drinking. When they arrived at the crossing they sat down on the track and, it Is thought, fell asleep. TO DEAD ANARCHISTS. 'MISCELLANEOUS. THE SCOURGE. Cholera Increasing In Virulence nt Mecca Olio Hundred and lllyhty Death Ite ported hi a Single Day ltcassurliiK lte ports from ltussla. London, June 23. A dispatch from Alexandria says that there were ISO cholera deaths among the Mecca pil grims Wednesday. At Toulon thi'no were three deaths Wednesday, mak ing 100 since January. The authori ties havo appointed a commission to thoroughly examine the sanitation of the port, parts of which are notori ously unhealthy. A telegram from St, I Petersburg confirms the previous re assuring news that the latest Kussiau official returns indicute that the disease is slowly declining in the piovinces which were lavaged lust year. In llessarabia there were only ten cases and three deaths in three davs, at Podalia nineteen cases and four deaths, at Kursk five cases and one" death, in the town of Orel nine cuse and three deaths. There are no other cases worthy of mention. Sr. Pr.Ti:iwnuito, June 2-). Cholera is decreasing rapidly throughout Russia. In Hcssarabia, Podolla, Kursk and Orel only an occasional death and a few fresh cases are now reported. A Granite Shaft Placed Over tho Graven of Parsons, Spies, Fischer, LlnRiraml Kneel. Chicago, June 20. The unveiling of the granite monument to tho memory of the five anarchists, August Spies, Albert Parsons, Adolph Fisher. Louis Lingg and George Engel, which took place Sunday afternoon at Waldheim cemetery, was an impressive ceremony. More than 2.500 persons assembled at the burial ground to stamp once more with their approval the sentiment and actions of the men whom the state of Illinois found piilty of treason, and put to death. The crowd was orderly and the few policemen under whose protection the ceremonies took place had little to do. Scarcely an American was to be seen and the exercises were carried on main ly in foreign tongues. The character of the speeches could not be called in cendiary, but rather that of mild pro test against the existing order of gov ernment. The ringing oratory of the days when the red flag waved where it pleased was gone, and all the enthusi asm the orators could bring from their auditors was an occasional outburst of applause not very certain in its sound, A marked feature of the oratory, bow ever, and one which was most liberally applauded, was a showing of strong animosity toward Judges Geary and Grinnoll and other officials of the law who had been prominent in the cele brated trial. The exercises at the grave were pre ceded by a short parade in the city. The entire ceremony was under the auspices of Matthias Schmedinger, president of the Pioneer and Support association, which has made the monument a pos sibility and which, ever since the cele brated execution in the yard of Cook county jail, has supported the widows and children of the five anarchists. At the cemetery addresses were male by M. Schmedinger, Sculptor Weinest, William Holmes and Ernest Schmidt. The red hood which enveloped the monument was drawn aside by young Albert Parsons, who was directed by his mother, the widow of Albert Par boils. DUEL. WITH REVOLVERS. Hw York Ilnnkftr Refraining Confldanc In the l"lnnn-t. Situation Mors Ilank Failures In tho Kant nnd West. New Yomc, Juno 24. Hanks report an easier feeling In the west, and say that tho demands for accommodation, rediscounts and currency are murh less. The attention of bankers is mostly con centrated on the situation on tho Pa cific coast. At the subtroasury i was laid that $500,000 in currency wa ex changed Friday for tranfer to San Fran cisco. Hesides gold thus transferred shipments of currency were made di rect Friday to the city by express, which made the aggregate amount ot money forwarded about $1,000,000, and more will be sent to-day in the same way. It is believed that the help sent to San Francisco from tills city has re lieved tho stringency there, so that no further trouble is expected. The presidents of some of the leading banks were asked what they thought of tho financial situation. They agreed in tho statement that the situation was decidedly improved compared to what it was this day week. The subtreasury began the payment on Friday of interest on United States coupon bonds due July 1. The total amount of interest to be paid out by tho government in this city is about $0,000, 000. The disbursement of this sum is expected to aid very largely in the re lief of the money market. San Fp.ancisco, June 24. At a meet ing of directors of the Pacific bank, of San Francisco ,it was decided to closo the doors. In a statement issued by tho vice president the liabilities, out side of capital stock and surplus, are placed at 31,030,000. Assets, properly handled, $2,000,000. All the banks of this city were well pre pared for the expected runs on them. The People's home savings bank closed Its doors, but only temporarily, the officials say, in order to secure time tot collect on securities. It is claimed that the assets are very much greater. Niagara Falls, N.Y., June 24. The Cataract bank of this city, the largest bank in Niagara county, closed its doors at noon. There is great excitement among business men in consequence, as over $700,000 of their money was on de posit The suspension was totally un expected and was not preceded by a run on the bank. Milwaukle, June 24. W. II. Ilom sen, assignee of Frederick T. Day. pres ident of the Plankinton bank, has filed in the clerk of court's office a statement of Mr. Day's assets and liabilities. The former are placed at 5(300,000 and the latter at $500, 000. There are in all 110 creditors. The statement which should have borne the signature of Mr. Day was, with the consent of Judge Johuson, filed with out it, for the reason that Mr. Day has disappeared, and his whereabouts are known to nobody, not even to his familv. Mr. Day left the city ten days ago about the time that the grand jury began the investigation of the Plankinton bank and Lappen's failures. Misneai'olis, Minn., June 24. The State Hank of Minneapolis suspended payment Friday owing to heavy with drawals of deposits, withdrawals since March having aggregated $100,000. The bank's attorney states that the sus pension will be only a matter of a few days, when the bank will resume business. The suspension indicates no particularly serious condition of af fairs, and the doors are closed merely for the purpose of allowing the officers and employes a chance to make a com plete statement of tho bank's business. Prominent directors stated that there would be absolutely no loss to depositors. PUGILIST DORAN'S CRIMES. Shot Dunn on tho Strvet. Oi.nky, III., Juno sa, llenau Frank lin was Instantly killed Thursday even ing near the post office in this city by Henze Uullard. Franklin was. a noted character and a terror when drunk. He had been following Hullurd all the afternoon and hud threat ened to kill him. Hullard loaded his shotgun, and when they met Frank lin pulled out his knife. Hullard told him to throw up his hands, tit tho same time shooting him. Henry Ivie, who was near Franklin, hud his shoulder tilled with shot. Hullard is a quiet tuun and belongs to tho statu militia. Ono aiuu Lose Ills Lire and tho Other li Tatally Wounded. Omaha, Neb., June20. James Frame, proprietor of the Hotel Gardner, and Coustable Winfrey engaged in a pistoJ duel at short range Saturday night ending in the death oi the former and the fatal wounding of the latter. Tho officer attempted to levy on some property of Frame to satisfy an execution for five dollars. Hoth drew their guns ut the same in stant and commenced firing. Only a foot separated the duelists. Hoth emptied their revolvers and nearly every bullet took effect. Frame- Toll dead and the officer by his side fatally wounded. Palled fur ninny Millions. Mklhouknu, June 20. Goldsborouglv, Mort & Co., bankers and merchuntb in this city, have suspended payment. Their liabilities are 2,600.000. They ure expected to resume business shortly. Yield of Wheat In the Southwest. Kansas Citv, Mo., June 20. The Modern Miller has complete returns from Oklahoma, I. T., and Texas. The thrashing advices are quite elaborato and show a much better wheat yield than anticipated. From present indica tions a very complete correspondence, covering Missouri and Kansas, tho Miller pt edicts an output of 18,000,000 bushels for Missouri and U,000,00O bush els for Kansas. The com advices are unusually favorable, mul if present con ditions tiro any criterion tho corn crop for tho southwest will break all pre vious tpcords. Her husband administered and declared At Windsor Kills Ills Little IIoj, Wants to Drown Hli Wife and Commits Suicide. Rochester, N. Y., June 24. Barthol omew J. Doran, a lightweight pugilist of Detroit, came to this city a week ago accompanied by his wife and little boy Philip. The woman was prepos sessing and the boy a hand some lad of 5 years, apparently healthy. Friday morning Doran and his vife disappeared. Tho boy was found dead in the room. The police suspected foul play and set out to search for the parents. Mr. and Mrs. Doran took a Lake avenue street car and went to Charlotte. They crossed the river and went to Windsor beach, where they spent the day. Just at night, as a train was passing the couple, Doran threw himself under the wheels and wus decapitated. Mrs. Doran ran down the track, where she was found later by the coroner. She said that the child had been ill the night before, but that she had quieted him before she slept. When she aweke in tho morn ing the boy was dead, told her that he had morphine to tho child, that they must get away beach her husband wanted to rent a boat and row out so that ho might drown her and himself, lie could not get a boat and so threw himself beneath a passiug traiu. The officials are in clined to believe her story. Kicpennii of tho JTaval lteilew. Washing ion, June 24. Paymaster General Stewart has completed tho statement of the expenditures of tho Columbian naval review. The total ex pense of the review was $70,800 and the appropriation was $:i.r0,000, leaving a balance of $27:1,200, of which 250,000 will be covered into tho treasury, leav ing the department a baluneo of $i:),000 to meet any contingent expenses which may be i eported later. Arrested for Stealinir Money Orders. Sioux City. la.. Juno 2.1. Michael O'Shea, of Kuuning Water, S. D., is in charge of the government officers here. His wife is postmistress at Running Water. O'Shea assisted her in tho work of tho office and sent registered letters containing money orders to va rious points to assist In paying tho ex penses of a pleasure trip ho took to tho world's fair. It was also found that tho persons buying money orders re ceived receipts, but the stubs were de stroyed by O'Shea, who confiscated tho monev. it is estimated he got upward 1 of $2,000 by his sharp practice. When a man comes to time, dooa it not prove thnt timo waits for aomo lien? Tcxm Uif tings. "I didn't take any cakes, mamma," whimpered Hobby. "I only took a llt tlo cakelot." "Then I will not give 70U a spanking, my son," said his namma, placing him gently but firmly :ross her knee and reaching for tho :ake-turncr; "I will glvo you a little ipanklet." Lighthouses nrc now distinguished by tho mariner by color, combinations sf color, or tho periodicity of short flashes. Capt. Mahan, of tho United States Lighthouse board, has devised 1 system of signals given by shutters aver the light, by which each light tells its own namo or number, and pre sents any possible confusion. Who n tested at New Haven last month it worked admirably. Tho first warlike measure of the Americans previous to tho' hostilities begun in 1812, was the construction, at 3ack$ tt's Harbor at the eastern end of Lake Ontario, of tho brig Oneida, six teen guns, by Christian Hergand Henry Bokford. Sho was launched in 1809, ind was intended for a two-fold pur pose, namely, to enforce tho revenue laws under tho Embargo act, and to be in readiness to defend American prop erty alloat on Lako Ontario in case ot war with Great Britain. In 1021 a fierce controversy arose in England in consequence of a claim set up bv the council of Plymouth, a company chartered by James I., for the monopoly of fishing in American seas between 40-43 degrees of north lati tude. This compalvy demanded from j iaeh vessel fishing in these waters a tax of about eighty-threo cents per ton Th is claim was stoutly resisted. The house of commons took part with the fishermen, and tho contest was con tinued in the reign of Charles I., and was one o the causes of the quarrel between him and parliament, which brought on the civil war. The first settlement of white people in Vermont was made in 1724 by the erection of FortDummer, near the pres ent site of Rrattleboro, then supposed to be in Massachusetts. In the spring of 1777 the settlers in Vermont peti tioned the Continental congress for ad mission into the confederacy, but New York opposing, the petition was with drawn, and at a convention held the next year at Windsor a constitution modeled after that of Pennsylvania was adopted. In 1781 congress offered to admit Vermont upon terms which the people would not agree to, and it re mained outsidn the Union until March 4, 17111. The firm of Longmans, Green & Co., under the same name, dates further back, it is stated, than any other pub lishing house known to this genera tion, with a single exception, and by buying up that oneitbecame the oldest publishlncr house known. The original Longmans, born in 1C99, purchased the stock of William Taylor, publisher, in 1720, and since then the name of Long mans has always stood at the head of the firm name, and their headquarters are still at the siga of tho Ship and the Hlack Swan, Paternoster Row, London, where the house of Taylor stood at the time of the purchaso by Longmans in 1720. This firm brought out Dr. John son s dictionary in 1740, Lindley Miur ray s grammar at the beginning of tho century, Moore's "Lalla Rookh" in 1S20, trad paid Macaulay large royajties on his bookv Joseph Francis, the inventor of the lifeboat, died at Otsego Lake, May 10, aged ninety-three years. When the little Joseph was but eleven years of age he built a small boat with corlc in the bow and stern, which has been called the first lifeboat built in Amer ica. The unsinkable rowboats made by him when he was quite a young man were bought by England, Russia and Hrazil. In 1842, Mr. Francis succeeded in completing his corrugated iro water-tight car, but it was not until January 12, 18")0, that its great efficiency was proved. On that occasion tho Rrit ish ship Ayrshire came ashore at Squan Reach, N. J., with 200 souls on board. The life car was taken out and made about forty trips, saving every one, with the exception of a man who at tempted to rido on the outside and was washed off. Three years ago Jlr. b ran cis was presented, by President Harri son with the gold medal which had been voted to him by congress. The majority of traveling men sleep head foremost on a well-ballasted road and feet foremost on a road where the cars sometimes run on the track and sometimes on the tics. It is mucli pleasanter to sleep headfirst, as it were, because it prevents that swell head feeling which results from too much blood being forced in the direc tion of the brain. Hut in case of an ac cident it is very much pleasanter to sleep the other way. Nature did not provide the human neck with as many joints as that of a giraffe or ostrich, and when a train suddenly comes to a standstill and tho whole force of the collision comes on the top of the skull, the feeling is unpleasant. On tho other hand tho knees have a kindly tendency to "give" on the occasion of the collis ion, and hence, if a man is sleeping feet first lie is less liable to accident if tho train stops suddenly. More than one-half of all tho oil of peppermint, spearmint and tansy used in tho world is said to be procured and distilled in Michigan. Tho center of the industry is St. Joseph county. Pep permint plants to the weight of 15,000 tons whon dried are cultivated every year in tho state. From these tho es sential oils aro dlstilUd. Early in tho soring the roots are planlo 1 in furrows from two to three feet apart. A few weeks later tho rows meet and cover tho entire ground. In September tho plants mature. They are then cov ered with fragrant purple blossoms, 11 ml tho time has arrived for mowing. After lying in tho sun to dry thoy .iro raked into heaps and taken to tho dis tilleries, of which there are about lfiO in tho state. It k estimated that U 50 pounds of dried peppermint plants pro duce ono pound oi oil. Tho yield per acio is 15 pounds of oil. Distilled pep permint brings from $1.25 to $5 pox pound 'tu the homo market. PUNGENT PARAGRAPHS. Hello Would yon call Blanche beauty?" Jack "Not unless I thought sho was Hkley to overhear mo." Kato Field's Washington. Sho's engaged to him, isn't she?" "No; she doesn't put it that way. Sho says he's one of her gentlemen In wait ing." Vogue. "Were you invited to Mrs. Wimble's card party?" "Yes." "Did you enjoy tho evening?" "Yes." "I don't sea how you could?" "I sont regrets." Inter Ocean. Considerate. May Thumper 'ShaU I play something?" Hen Thair '-O, no! I really cannot stay, and I wouldn't havo you suspect It was on that ac count. 'Puck. "Mrs. Newlywed "And do yon al ways trust your husband implicitly?" Mrs. Experienced (enthusiastically) "Indeed, I do! That is to say, of course, to a certain extent." Somcrville Jour nal. Governess "How long is it since? Rome was founded ?" Little Fanny "Rome was founded 2,848 years ago." Aged Grandmother "Dear me, how time does slip awayl" Pittsburgh Dis patch, I never knew a man who was as vain over his personal appearanco as Hunkins is." "Humph; we'll soon euro him of that," "How?" "We'll ar range to have his picture printed in tho newspapers." Washington Star. He "I'll hot that ma has married a temper." She "How can you tell?" He "Hy the cautious, timid way lie looks for a dark corner and the edgo of a window trame, anil then striices a match." Pittsburgh Hulletin. "Have you noticed that loss 6f memory often accompanies deafness." "No; does it?" "Yes; deaf men seem to forget that trains have the right of w.ay on a railway track." Grenoble Monthly. Ills Specialty. Hills "MacShorte has sold a p oem to Scribblers entitled. 'Ode to a Fair Lady."' Hulls "Has ho? Well, ho is more competent to I write verses entitled 'Owed to a Land 1 lady.' "Truth. "I never can understand, Mr. Wide hat, why it is they call your part of tho country the 'Woolly West.'" "It wouldn't be any mystery, my dear Miss Harlembridge, if you knew the num ber of "Eastern lambs sheared out there." Troy Press. Mrs. Frontepew "I don't see why our pastor should be so continually urging upon the congregation the ne cessity of loving one another." Fronte pew "Humph! Every marriage cere mony he performs brings him at least five dollars. " Buffalo Courier. Judge "You are called to testify to this man's character for veracity. What do you know about it?" Witness "Well, your honor, he was fishing- one day, and whon lie came back ha said he hadn't caught anything, and that none got away." N. Y. Press. "Did you win that breach of prom ise caso you conducted?" asked Jarley's friend. "No," answered tho young lawyer, bitterly. "My client insisted, upon appearing in court" "And then?" "When the jury saw her they brought in a verdict of temporary aberration on the part of tho defendant" Harper's Bazar. "If you don' t go out of hero in a. minute, I'll scald you!" exclaimed tho wrathful woman of the house to the persistent peddler. "That water on the stove won't be warm for an houe yet," answered the merchant "So yon had better let me soil you one of these, patent automatic tea kettles that heat water in less than two minutes over a. slow fire. If you had had one of them I should have been scalded, and on my way to sell something to the red-haired woman who is attempting to keep house next door." Indianapolis JournaL UP IN A MINARET. X VIow from tho Highest l'olnt or an l.'ustern 3Ionue. Entrance to the mosques is rarely re fused to Christians except on festivals, and it is to the top of tho highest min aret in the town that we are bound. The narrow spiral staircase affords no more than head-aud-shoulder room; the steps are foul with summer-blown, dust, with bones brought in by owls and kites, besides other venerable rub bish; and, after what seems intermin able gyration, we emerge upon the airy gallery which encircles the top of the slender tower. It is a crazy perch, for the whole structure sways sensibly in the strong; wind, and it seems as if a moderate kick would send the frail parapet clat tering down on tho tile roof far below; but, if your head is steady, the view well repays the labor of the aseont IJe neath your feet cluster tho fiat-roofed, houses; hero and there a chimney rises crowned with an immense stork's nest, making ono woudor how tho domestic economy of the bipeds within tho house can bo reconciled with that of the bipeds without. From the'dusky labyrinth of streets spring twenty-six minarets, like sU very bodkins, besides tho one to which we aro clinging. Then lot your eye travel over the splendid prospect lying beyond the town. Full forty miles tho fiat plain is spread east and west, and rive-und-twenty north and south, wkii hardly a tree to break tho level, save where the peasants' ots cluster round the fortified granges of tho land own ers. Tho northern horizon is closed by the massive rampart of mountains which marks tho latest shrinkugo of. Ottoman rule. lllaekwood's Magazine. Did the ShudlKfC. Teacher This drawing is excollent. Did you do it all yourself? Small Pupil No'm; Johnny Smart drew it for me, but I did tho shading. Toucher--The shading is remarkably well done. Small Pupil Yes' in, I held a boot up to keep tho sun from shining: in Johnny's eyes. Good News. Mualeal Item. Judge Potorby I see you havo a niugulficent ptuuo. What did it oost yon? Col. Yerger ('sighing) It has. cost uw my peace of mind.--Texaa Sittings.