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.1 'I i lf THE TARIFF. Synopsis of tho Debate; In lm National Housq of ltcnrrscntntlvos. On tho 23d tho Wnrnor amcnilmont nlnclng iretlnod nugar on tha. froo list was docldcd to bo budsiiium ror mo ltoborts nmendmont, ana ns such was adopted 101 to 39. All sugar, both raw nnil rolinod, la thus placod on tho froo list.. Tho coal schedulo was thon tnlton up and do bntod, amendments being offorod to placo u duly of from 40 to 7J cents per ton on coal. , Mr. Hrostus (rep., Pa.) opposed freo coal. Ills state, he said, producod VO.000,000 tons n ,year. iFreo coal would lenvo his constlluonts itialcod and dotcnsolcss. Mr. Wiso (dem., Va.) supported tho proposi tion to placo n duty on coal. Mr. Tuchcr (dom., Va.) advocatod an amend ment to placo a duty of 40 conts on coal. Mr. Turptn (dom Ala.) said that his stato fcad'gttcn o .heavy democrntlo majority for tho national ticket Thoy did so bocauso thoy ex pected a tariff for rovenuo only. Thoy did not thlnlt that such men ns Wilson, McMUUn and llrcoltlnrldgo would put coal aud Iron on tho freo list. Mr. IVnlltor (rep , Mass.) declared that no portion bt tho country would bo so immeasur ably bonoflted by freo coal, freo Iron ore and freo wobl ns Now Inland, and yot sho did not nslc for it. Sho did- not want tho raw mate rials that went Into her factories freo nnd thelr products taxed. Sho wanted protection to nil sections of tho country. Massachusetts would voto for a duty of 7i cents on coal; noth ing more, nothing less. Mr. Wilson (dem., W. Va.) closed tho debato In support of tho free-coal proposition in the pending, bill. It 'ww a matter of no con Bcquonco, ho said, what tho Mills bill did or what ho had said ton years ago. Tho demo cratic party had grown Immensely slnco then nnd ho hoped ho had kept up with tho proces sion. Tho proposed amendmonts woro then voted upon and defeated, thus continuing coal upon the freo list Tho Iron schedulo was then taken up, and Mr, Oalns (dem., Ala.) offered an amendment taking Iron oro from tho free list and plaolng a duty of 40 cents a ton thoreon. Ho said his amondment would permit the iron mines to contlnuo in operation at, the samo scalo of wngos as at present. Mr. Hsndrlx (dem., N". Y.) spoke against tho iron schedulo of the bllL Ho said ho did not know who authorized free traders, socialists ana radicals to come into congress and try to dictate democratic policy. If this radical action wcro pursued the people at tho polls would reverse tho action of tho List Hcetlon. Mr. lUnlr (rep, N. ID took tho floor nnd was spcaulrtg when tho tlmo arrived for recess. At tho evening session speeches woro tnndo by Messrs. Tate, Vltson (O.), Patterson, Uar tholdl and others. Mr. Holtsshoover (dem.. Pa.) said of tho Wil son bill that it was'noither n'protectlon bill nor a freo trado bill, but a mtscrablo hybrid, which neither natural law nor common sense can ovor Justify. Why not bavo given us a freo trado 1)111, puro and simple, which four-fifths of tho democratic representatives would cordially support as the rollcy of their party, declared In tho Chicago platform, or a bill tb raise tho necessary revenues for the support of the gov ernment by a tariff so adjusted us to equalize its burdens among nil our people and Inci dentally protect our Industries and labor? Tho present bill, he declared, will scttla nothing, but unsettle everything On the iMlh Mr. Dcnson (dom., Ala.) said ho wanted protection on Iron ore. "Olvo us pro tection," he said, "and leave tho consequences to UoJ nnd tho American people." Mr. Tawncy (rep., Minn.) said there was every reason why tho representatives of Minnn sola should faor restricting the right of tho foreigner to sell his produets In tho American murltota. "I care not whether it bo iron oro or auythlngelsc wo can produce, to tho end that not mono tho people or that state, but of all tho states west of tho Mississippi river, may have Rroator opportunity to supply tho demand of that marlcot as It Increases with the grow tb of tho country In wealth nnd population." Mr. llaldnin (dem., Minn.) expressed entire ly opposite views to thoso of his colleague. Under tree oro lie feared no competition, and he favored a commercial union with Canada, and commercial union was but another namo for freo trade Under freer conditions of trade lr. iton oro a second Pittsburgh could bo built up in tho wost. Mr,' Forman (dem., I1L) spuko in support of tho bill-' . Mr. Simpson (nop., Ivan ) appealed for freo raw material and attacked tho combines and trusts which camo from the protection of thoso articles. Mr. Clark (dem., Ma) said gomo of the mem bers on his side of tho house wcro reformers in spots, and thero woro only thico members who had thu courage of their convictions and luii Slven tho weight of their influenco toward jputttng on tho freo list articles in tho produc tion of which they or their states uro inter ested. Those 'disinterested patriots were the chairman of the con nitttee. Mr. Wilson, Mr. Haynor nnd Mr. Tom Johnson, The man who Is willing to reform himself is a reformer in deed. Tho trust tho gold trust. Iron trust, the coal trust and all tho rest of tho trusts might try to defeat htm (Mr. Wilson), .but tho pcoplo of tho country will tuko him In their mighty arms and carry him to a higher place Mr. Uynum (dem, Ind.) in speaking of tho petitions which had been sent to congress sulci tho American Protcctivo Tariff league was flooding tho country with printod slips calling on- everyouo to send to their congressman postal card protests against-tho Wilson bllL Mr. Urecklnrldgu (dem , Ark.) and Mr. Wil son (dem.. W. Va.) briefly appealed to tho dem ocratic party to sUna by tho bill as prepared by tho ways an I means committee und to voto against the peftdlng amendments. Tho po'ndlpz amendments were thon voted on nnd defeated bv about two to ono, thus leaving iron oro on the free list. Amendmonts wcro then offered to ho para graph putting agricultural implements on tho freo list, and brief spuoches.werc mado by sev eral members. Mr. Draper (rep, Mass.) said thero was no 'argument of elthor freo traders or protection ists which Justilled tho putting of a highly fin ished product on tho froo list, whllo leaving all Its component parts on tho dutiable list. Mr. Sickles (dom, N. Y.) in speaking of tho ponding amendments, said ho thought that whllo free admission of articles should bo tho rulo and not tho exception, still tho pending bill did not raise sufficient rovenuo for tho gov ernment. If It was Intended to tldo over this dolldenoy.by the Imposition of an income tax, ho wanted to'stato plainly that ho was irrecon cilably opposed to an incomo tax. i Tho Internal revenue blllcontatning tho In como tax clause was, after considerable oppo sition, llnnlly reported, and a recess taken. Tho speakers at tho night session wcro Messrs. Kyn (N. Y.), Swanson (Va), llald win (Miun.), Iklrt (O.). Cummlngs (N. Y.) all democrats nnd Hiker (pop., Kun.) In favor, of tho bill; and Messrs. Wagner (Pa.), Johnson (N. D.l. Moon (Mich), Klofer (Minn.) nnd Hlulr (N. II.) all republicans In opposition to It. On thu Kith amendments placing agricultural implements of all kinds nnd cotton machinery and equipment on tho froo list, wero lost, as was also a proposition to permit citizens of tho United Stutos to ship materials abroad to bo manuiaoturcd into goods for their own use, suet, goods to be admitted freo of duty, Several commltico amendments wero agreed to, among them being one to placo crude opium on the' dutlablo lls't at II per pound, another to placo u duty of 15 por cent, ad valorem on coal oil, aud a third to changu tho rate on pearl and shell buttons from 1 cent a Hue to leant a gross. During the debate Mr. Dlnglcy (rep., Mn.) dofonded the reciprocity provision of tho Me Klnloy law, and Mr.. Coombs (dcm.,.N. Y.) said that whllo bo did not indorso the smrlt of tho law lid did not think anything should bo done to forco America to relinquish her hold upon tbo markets acquired by It. Mr. Ilondrlck (dom., N. Y.) advocatod the re tention of tbo reciprocity clauso of the Mo Klnloy law, Mr. Turner, cne of tho democrats of tho ways and means cotimlltoo, In opposing it sketched Its history. James O, Blaine, bo said, was Its author, and it had furnished tbo republican party much oxcuso for glorification. It might have widened our markets, but ho was Bur prised to boo any democrat Indorso a law that vested In the president tha power of retalia tion. Attor some further debato tho omondmont offered ly Mr. Wilson to repeal tho reciprocity section of tho McICInloy law was udoptod ISO to W, Another amendment was then offered by Mr. Wilson to put a duty on chocolnto valuod at ovor 35 cents por pound of 2 cents per pound, other chocolata to bo taxod 25 per cont. ad vnlorom. Adopted. Mr. Lockwood (dom., N. Y.) vigorously at tacked tho Incomo tax. At tho evening session Mr. Hicks (rep, Pa.) took strong ground against tho Wilson bill and denounced it as an net to abolish rovenuo nnd to destroy American Indus trios. It remained for tho domocratto party in 1892 to discovor that protection was uncon stitutional Ho said tho pending bill was n relic of nnto-bcllum days and represented tho shrouded spirit of Calhounlsm stalking abroad. Tbo republican party did not boliovo in direct taxation, and tho policy of that party during thq last thirty years proved how abun dantly successful protection has been In mak ing this tho groatost and most prosperous na tion In tho word. Tho other speakors wero Mossrs. Hutchinson (dom., Tox.), Cobb (dom., Ala.), Goodnight (dom., Ky.) and Hlnos (dem., Pa.). On tho B6th sovcral proposed amendments wero discussed and disposed of. Among thorn was ono proposed by Iijr. Wilson, chairman of committee, to roduco duty on uncut diamonds nnd all precious stones from 15 por cent, to 10 per cent, nd valorem. A lively dobato followed in which tho republicans teased Mr. Wilson with tho statement that ho had reported his amendment In order that tho poor might bavo their diamonds cheaper. Mr. Cummlngs (dem.. N. Y.) oxprcssed s'ur priso that tho democratic ways and means committee should have left in tbo bill a tax on tho nocessarlcs of llfo which was higher than tho tax on diamond Mr. Cockran (dem., N. Y.) said there Is a cer tain point of taxation whoro tho largest reve nue can bo raised; nnd if you goabovo or below that point the revenue would fall off. Ho re garded that point of sanity in a tariff on dia monds to bo at 10 per cent Mr. Heed (rep.. Ma) said he did not think it was worth while in tho two minutes which re mained to try to explain tho situation', but when tho act of 1800 was passed circumstances wcro different from those existing nt tho present tlma Now there nro 1.20.) men on gaged in tho Industry of diamond cutting, and if n tariff of is por cent would result In transferring to them tho cntlro business of diamond cutting bo was in favor of it Ho thought that the proposition to put a tax of 3) per cent on uncut diamonds, mado bv certain democrats, was not tor tho purpose of raising revenue, but of raising tho valuo of certain democratic speeches. He commended a prop osition by Mr. Cummlngs to keep tho duty on diamonds as originally fixed by tho Wilson bill 15 por cont Mr. Aldcrson (dem., W. Va) offered a substl 'tute fixing the duty on precious stones of all kinds, cut but not set 30 per cent ad valorem; and on precious stones not especially provided 'for In this act, including pearls, sot or strung, 35 per cent ad valorem; and on uncut precious stones, 15 per cent ad valorom. And also to strlko oft from tho freo list "diamonds und other precious stones, rougher uncut," but leaving in glaziers' and engravers' diamonds, diamond dust and Jewels for watches und clocks. This substituto was agreed to 90 to 68 and Mr. Wilson's amendment as thus amended was adopted 111 to 83. Tho tin-plate schedule was then taken up and amendments wero discussed nnd defeated to reduce tho duty from 1 1-5 cent to 1 cent; to put tin plato on tho freo list. In favor of tho provision of tho McKlnloy law- imposlngaduty of to cents a pound. Tho lumber schedulo was then taken up, and amendments offered and debated. On the 27th tho house adopted a resolution extending the time for taking tho voto on tho tariff measure to February 2, the interim to bo devoted to discussion In committee of tho whole of the internal revenue question. lho amendment of Mr. Boutelle (Ma) substi tuting tbo lumber schedulo of tho McKlnley bill for tho corresponding section of tho Wilson bill was defeated yeas, 79: nays, 112. The lead and zinc schedule was taken up and amendments offered. Mr. Wilson (rep., Wash.) spUtc against tho lead schedulo of tbo Wilson bill. He said that it had already destroyed tho other industries of tho state of Washington hops and lumber and now it was proposed to put another of its Important industries, viz., lead, on tho free list Mr. Tnrsney (dem., Ma) delivered an argu ment in favor of freo load ores. Ho said tho McKinloy law had resulted in 810,000,000 of American capital Invested in the Industry In this country being carried over the lllo Grando Into Mexico. Mr. Wilson said the.rato on pig load was re duced by this bill from two cents per pound to one cent The admission of lead at a lower rate of duty would destrt tho lead trusts. Mr. Heed (rep., Ma) Inquired whether, inas much ns the lead trust has absorbed all the smaller concerns, tho destruction of tho trust would not mean the destruction of the lead in dustry In this country. Mr. Wilson replied that it was not proposed to destroy tho lend Industry, but by reducing tho tariff so that foreign lead would come Into competition with the trust, the price would bo reduced to tho consumer. Tho proposed amendments w ero then voted down. Mr. Wilson then offered soveral amendments which wero adopted, ono of them being to raise the duty en morphine from ISO to 70 cents an ounce. After soveral proposed amendments to the iron and steel manufacturers' schedulo had been discussed, all tbosc offered by tho commit too on wavs and means were adopted and all others were rejected. Mr. Wilson (dem., W Va.) offered an amend ment fixing tho tlmo at which the wool sched ulo shall go Into effect as the 2d of August, 1691, and tho woolon goods scnedulo as Decembers, 1831 Agreed to 123 to 57. On the 29th Mr. McMUUn (dem., Tenn.) offered as an amendmont to tho tariff bill tbo internal rev cnuo bill, including tbo Incomo tax feature. In his advocacy of tho measure he began by saying that tbo republican party started out for high protection, then clamorod for hlghor protection, and at last, under tho act of 1690, reached tho highest protection cvor known hera They protended first that it was for tho purpose of protection to infant indus tries, But Anally thoy candidly proclaimed that thoy wanted to logislato for capital also, und thoy did it Ho wanted to know why It is that Americans under a system that was promised to yield thorn such plenty aro doomed to suffer in such penury und want why it Is that more people aro begeing for alms nt this hour on this continent than ever did before Blnco America was discovered? He said tbat tho natural tendency wus to shift tho burdens of taxation, and for almost u life time no effort bud been mndo to gut at tho enormous wealth of tho country to tax it The rosult had been tho accumulation of colossal fortunes the like of which had never been known In any other age or any country of tho world. If ono class of cltlzons can bo mora Interested in a government tban an other, the nftluont are. They bavo more wealth to defend; thoy havo tnoro of tho lux uries of life to bo doprhed of liberty is as sweet to them as to those In tbo humblest walks of life and it should be not simply tho duty but It should be tho pleasure of pcoplo who uro greatly blest to perpotuato those blessings for their children. He believed that tho salutary effects that will flow from this legislation, outsldo of tho Justlco tbat Is in it, are sufficient to Justify tho trying of tho ox- porlmont Tho ndvantagos to bo derived from the "dop tion of the income tax Mr. MoMillln declared to be (1) that It would do away with class Jeal ousies, and class prejudices and class distinc tions by making absolute equality between all citizens of tho whole country; (2) tbat In pro portion to accumulation the taxes would bo contributed to the support of tho government; (3) that by fixing tbe tariff at u low rate of duty and mooting the fluctuat'ng deficiency In tho treasury by rogulattng tho Internal revenue taxes would give a stability to values that could be secured In no otbor way; and (1) that It will tend to curb extra vaganco of expenditure which leads to an increase of tariff tuxes. Ho concluded as follows: "We think that tho onaotmont of this law will Insure that justlco which has so long boon denied. Wo boliovo that by it many who have hcrotoforu not con tributed their froportlonulo part of tbe tuxes to the support of tbe government will bo re. quired to do sa Believing as I do ihat its udoptlon will result in a publto bonofactton my wholo hcurl goes forth In Its advocuoy, und I am ready to stand or fall with the principle of equity which It carries. And may God in His lnrtntto mercy guldo us to do whatovor Is best for tho preservation of our union and adminis tration of Justice to tho wholo poopla" Mr. Itay (rep., N. Y.) nssortod that tho oxlst Ing business depression was not duo to protec tion or to tho McKinloy bill, but to tho fear of tho Wilson bllL In his own district thoro wcro 4,000 pooplo in idleness nnd two silk factories wcro-closed, and tho democratic owners had told him that thoy would not bo opened again If the Wilson bill was passed. Tho Incomo tax, ho said, was tho twin sister of freo trade. If the McKlnley bill woro to bo retained, within twenty-four hours after tho edict wont forth prosperity would smile again nnd tho hum of Industry would bo heard through tho land. Mr. Tarsney (dem, Mo.) dofonded tho in como tax, and said that tho poor people had borno tho burdens so long it was tlmo that taxes wcro equalized, Mr. Dlusmoro (dom, Ark.) spolto In favor of tho Incomo tax. Mr. Daniels (rep., N. Y.) spoko In opposition to thn bill. Ho said that tho leader of tho democraoy, Samuol J. Tlldcn, had novcr fa vored or paid an Incomo tax, except when tho oxlgonclcs of the country mado it necessary. But now tho domocratto party was creating a dollctt with its eyes opon aud proposed to sup ply tho deficit by tho imposition of an incomo tax. This was tho first tlmo In tho history of tho government when a rovenuo bill was con structed which intentionally failed to provido for tho necessities of the government. Mr. Hall (dem., Ma) said tbo Hobrcw law provided for an Incomo tax und collected a tltho of tho wealth of every man. And in Athens also an income tax was collected. It had been denounced us a demagogic measure; but If thero was one means of throwing down demagogy it was un incomo tax. Mr. Covert (dem., N. Y.) thought tho Wilson bill was Just as objectlonbblo as It camo from tho hands of the committco as it was with tho incomo tax amendment It was evident tbat lho tariff bill was framed with the intention of making an Incomo tux necessary, und they wero told that thoy who do' not favor on In como tax must vote for It In order to provido partially for tho deficit He declared his op position to tho Incomo tax was based on tho ground that It was undemocratic. He did not like the Wilson bill because it did not accord with his vlows of tariff reform and becauso it made un income tax necessary. Mr. McDannold (dem., 111.) asserted that tho tariff tax was as Inquisitorial and as conduclvo to perjury as an Incomo tax, ns was shown by the Investigation of tho baggago of Incoming passengers at tho docks of the largo transat lantic steamers. AMENDING THE WILSON BILL. Important Changes Aro Decreed by thn Ways und Means Committee. Washington-, Jan. 'JO. A number of important amendments have been adopted by the ways and means com mittee to tho customs and internal revenue sections of tho tariff bill. Among them are tho following: The tax on cigarettes, which had been placed at 51. CO a thousand, was reduced toil. Ills now 50 cents. Tho sections admitting petroleum from other countries free of duty when they admit Ameri can petroleum on the same terms was stricken out, leaving petroleum to come in free without any qualifications. Crude opium was taken from the free list and put on tha dutiable list at SI a pound. To the paragraph relating to condensed milk, upon which tbo houso recently placed a duty of two cents a pound, tho committco added a clause that tho duty should be computed by adding also tho weight of tho package. Cut stones, including diamonds, are left at 10 per cent, as in tho existing law. The pearl button schedule wus mado to read "one cent per line per gross." The paragraph relating to tho freo importa tion of medals of gold, silver aud copper was enlarged to lncludo trophies of all sorts, such as prize cups for yatchlng races and tho like. The reciprocity provision of the McKlnley bill Is stricken out of the bill, but the commit tee decided to make their action clearer by in serting a special provision in the bill specitlcal ly repealing section a of tho present law. An amendment will bo probably adopted in creasing the tax on manufactured cigars from S3 to tS.50 per l.UOtf. Several amendments were also mads to tho Incomo tax section. Section 2 was amended so that in computing Incomes tho necessary ex penses actually Incurred in carrying on any business, occupation, trado or profession may be deducted, and also all interest actually due and paid within tho year by such person on existing Indebtedness. The samo section was further amended by striking out tho provision permitting guardians to mako u deduction of -11,000 in favor of each and every ward under l their guardianship. Whero referenco is mado in section 2 to tho taxation of Incomes derived from the sale of t llvo stock and farm products an amendment is made exempting from tho operation of tho tax any part thereof consumed directly by tno family. A POOR YEAR. Tho Value of the Corn Crop of 1803 Is Sno.SDO.UuO .ess Than in 180S. Wasihxoton-, Jan. '29. In the report of the agricultural department the to tal value of the corn crop for lS'J.'J is placed at $5U1,025,027, and although iiu uiuj is uuij uuuui uiuu million bushels less than tliat of 180-2, its mon ey value on the farm is ?50,500,000 less. The valuo per acre is SS.21, the lowest figure for ten years except for tho years of 1SS0 and 1S80. Tho falling oft' in the wheat crop for tho year is even more marked. The total prod uct, as estimated, amounts to 300,181, 725 measured bushels, which falls below tho average for the ten years. 1880 to 18S9, to the amount of 53,.r)03,a04 bushels and is 84,048.950 bushels less than the average crop for tho years 1890 to 1893, iuclusive. There has also been a fall in the price of wheat, so that the farm value of the crop is estimated tt no moro than $213,171, 381, which is believed to bo the lowest ever re corded. Tho crop of oats In 1893 was 23,180,150 bushels less than in 1892, nnd tho furm valuo was 821,077,510 less. Tho report also shows a corresponding decrease in tho crop of potatoes, rye and barley, not alone in the produc tion, but in the price. BUSINESS IS BETTER. Chicago Merchants Think the Worst II l'nst. Chicago, Jan. 20. Tho Tribune has interviewed a number of the leading business men of Chicago as to theii opinion of tho outlook. Tho views presented offer tho highest authority in tho way of practical opinions on the subject. Thoy como from men whose figures aro on the pulso of industry, and who will be among the first tc recognize the signs of approach ing activity. Thero is sufficient similarity in these opinions to amount to practical agreement on some of the moro important points. Every ono is of tho opinion that we havo touched tho bottom of this de pression, and that any future change must bo in tho right direction. Most of them believe that this change has now started, but none of them look for any very rapid revival They aro prac tically unanimous in attributing to tho tariff legislation much of tho present hesitation iu business affairs. Offers for tho new bonds are being conRtuntly received and it is believed tho Issue will bo lurgoly ovursubburlbcd. THE SUNSET CITY. California's Mldwlntor Exposition Formally Oponod. Orrnt Knthnslnsm Clinrnctnrl7rs thn J5x. ore-he, un Oiitllnn of Which Is Hero Ulven Over 72,000 Persons In Attendance IS FUM, llt.AST, San Fhancisco, Jan. 30. Tlio Mid winter fuir has at last been oponcd. Thousands of people from all parts of the statu witnessed and participated in the dedicatory coremonics, and tho greatest and grandest enterprise ovor seen west o tho Mississippi river is finally In full swing. It was a holiday In San Francisco. The shops wero closed and business was neglected and abandoned, ltuildlngs in every part of tho city wero lavish ly decorated with flags and bunting, and the whole population thronged tho streets and garo to thctn an eminently festal appoarance. Thousands of visitors wore hero who aro residents of Los Angeles and tho distant southern part of the stato, of Oregon, of 'Washington, of Navada, of Arizona and of Hritish Columbia. j The whole Pacific coast united to celebrate tho inauguration of the enter- prise which means so much to every ' part of It. The exposition itself is beautiful, nnd its beavf was thoroughly appreciated by the throng of visitors. Everyone agreed that never before was seen a more charming collection of tasteful buildings. Shortly after 10 a. m. Saturday the pa rade, under command ot Gen. Dickinson, started for tho fair grounds. In tho procession wero four regiments of the , national guard, the regulnr army j troops from Presidio, Gov. Markhum officials, civic of the conces bo seen at and stall', the fair j societies, and many sional features to the fair. Golden Gate avenue, the main drive to the park, was thronged with spectators, who listened to the stirring music of numerous bands, and cheered as the long lino of men marched by. Shortly after 13 o'clock the pro cession reached the fair grounds, und aveinblcd on the recreation grounds, where a hugo grand stand had been erected near Festival hall. Tho order of exercises was as follows: Medley of the airs of all nations by tho Midwinter Fair band; introductory address by tho president of the day, James D. Phelan; prayer by Bishop Nicholas; grand chorus, "America," sung by tho Midwinter Fair chorus of 300 voices; address by Gov. Markhum; music by Iowa State band; address by Director General M. II. De Young declaring the exposition open; oration on the general benefits and per manent results of tho Midwiuter expo sition, by Gen. Y. II. L. llarncs; music by thn Austrian band. At the conclusion of his address Di rector General Do Young declared the exposition open and Mrs. Do Young pressed the electric button which set tho enormous machinery of the expo sition in motion amid the shouts of thu great gathering, tho waving of thou sands of flags and banners, salutes of u battery of artillery aud the playing of "Tito Star-Spangled Ban ner" by the fivo bands. The vast audi ence, wildly enthubiustic, gave vent to their feelings in cheer aftor cheer. Such a scene has never before been witnessed in Golden Gate park and it was bomo timo boforo comparative quiet was restored for tho concluding exercises. At night tho buildings wore II lutnlnuted and tho opening day festivi ties closed with a grand pyrotechnic dihplay. Official figures from midwinter head quarters show that 72,243 persons passed through the turnstiles Saturday, opening day. Of this number ovor 00, 000 persons paid tho regular admission fco of fifty cents. So far thero has been littlo or no agi tation to elobo tho fair on Sunday, and everything on tho grounds was wide o 'i0iralA U lag open. In tho managomont of conces sions and tho gcnoral conduct of tho exhibition thero was nothing to distin guish Sunday from tho opening day, and though chnoi still reigns in ma chinery hall and all of tho exhibits In the other buildings nro still in a stnto 6f disorder, thousands of pooplo visited tho grounds. J. CAUGHT AFTER A FIGHT. Ono Outlaw anil Ono Officer Killed and Two Others Shot. lira Stonk Gap, Va., Jan. SO. Threo Virginia officers tracked tho two loom ing brothers, outlaws, from this county to West Virginin,and found them Thurs day in a atoro in Hoggs, a lonoly little mountain town moro than B0 miles from a railroad. Cal Fleming was shot Instantly through tho brain. Ilccnau, his brother, shot each of tho threo officers, lie was shot In tho chin and had tho fingers of his right hand shot away. IIo shot Ed Hall through tho back of tho head, Doc Swindell through tho neck and John Branham through the right lung. Then ho gave up. Cal Fleming lived long enough to ask to bo brought back home, but was burled. where ho was killed. Ileenan is in jail at Xicholasville and will probably re cover. Uranham is dead and buried near Cal Fleming. Hall and Swindell, who nre badly wounded, came home Saturday. ENJOINED FROM STRIKING. Judgo Dundy Makes nn Order Itoducluc Union l'uclflo AVuges. Omaha, Nob., Jan. 30. Union Pacific labor circles were stirred to their depths Sunday whon an order of Judgo Duudy reducintr wages on the system was mado public. All employes in every department are affected by tho cut, which amounts to nearly 10 per cent. Tho action of the court was not altogether a surprise, although most of the men had thought tho wage question would not be disturbed. Judge Dundy not only enjoined tho men from strik ing, but cut their pay and ordered them to continue work at the reduced pay. BATH SWEPT BY FIRE. Ituslncsi I'nrt of the Malno Town Lies In Itului. Bath, Me., Jan. 30. A large portion of the business section of the city was laid in ruins by tiro on Sunday. Tho waterworks system proved useless, there having been a big break in the mam pipe Saturday night, and with out water the fire department was pow erless to check the spread of the flames. As a result the Sagadahoc house, two national banks, a savings bank and a dozen stores were destroyed. The total loss is estimated at between $500,000 and S750.000, an which thero Is insurance of one-half. BIG SAVING ON PENSIONS. Payments Will Aggregate 818,000,000 Less Thau Lnst Year. Washington, Jan. 30. Tho pension appropriation bill was reported from the appropriation committee and bears the imprint of the now commissioner's knife. Tho annual appropriation for payment of pensions is $15,000,000 less than last year. Commissioner Lochrcn stated to tho committee that the payment of pensions would be less than S140.000, 000 this year. He also stated that the number of original applications would bo less this year than last. UuTltt Denies It. Chicago. Jan. 30. Michael Davitt In a letter addressed to J. S. Mullen, of this city, and dated st Ballybrauk, County Dublin, denies that ho oversaw tho buppressed letters of Lo Caron which gave tho names of his threo as sistants. Ho says that ho is convinced that D Cronlu ivas not ono of La Caron's confederates. Ho denies that ho over referred to Dr. Cronin as a spy. Worried to Death by un Indictment. Duuugue, la., Jan. 30. Dr. Austin IVgg, of Obsian, Iu., died thero of brain fever. Ho wus under iudictmont here with Pension Agent Van Loweu and it j is supposed worry killed him. R0SINA VOICES. Tho Popular AotroBQ DIob at Hon Dovonohiro Home. A Victim to tho Itavnges of Consumption Her Last American Kngngompiit Uut Hhort by Disease Her Career. DEA.TH 07 MISS VOKF.8. London, Jan. 31. JRoslna Voices, tho well-known English actress, died nt Torquay, Devonshire, on Saturday. A, few months ago sho .was compelled by' Ill-health, whllo making n tour of tho' United States, to break up her com pany. Sho returned to England in tho hope that her health would bo bene fited, but her hopes wore not realized. Consumption mado ita appearance nbout fifteen months ago and from that time sho declined rapidly, llor death was painless. Her husband and a number of relatives wero present when she breathed her last. Mrs. Cecil Clay, hotter known to tho Amer ican and Ilrlttsh publto as Icostnl Voltes, al though her actual maiden name was Theodosla yokes, was ono of "Tho Vokes Family," which in 1831 was called "The Vokcs Children," nnd mado Its debut at tho Operetta houso In Edinburgh. Tho company consisted of Fawden, Frederick, Mortimer. Jessie, Victoria and Itostna. Tbo success of that combination is so well known that It la unnecessary to enumerate In detail lis history during a period extending ovor ten years. Tho Vokos family mado their London do but at tho Lyceum thoater, Decombor Efl, 1M8, In tho pantomlmo of "Humpty Dumpty." Tho Yokes crossed tho At lontlo ten tltres and tholr travels took them half over the world. It Is worthy of noto that the pieces in which thoy nppoorcd wora for tha most part written nnd invented by themselves and many of tho Incidents pre sented woro simply Illustrations of droll cvouts and adventures tbat thoy had mot with during their travols. "Fun In a Fog," for instance, was based on tho lncldonts of their Journey across tho plains with tho ill-fated Custer. On marrying Hoslnn Vokcs retired from tho stage, but returned to it after a short absence. Sho organized a company of her own and ap peared as a star, playing many success ful engagements in Great Britain and America. Her last aupearanco was in Chicago, In November, 1803, when sho played at Hooley's in Maid Marlon, " "Dream Faces," "The Circus Rider" and other comedies. Sho was Hint tho tlmo and It was nnounccd that sho was about to rotlre from .bo stage permanently on account of her falling health. BADLY SCARED. KlotouH .Itinera In I'cnnsylvnnlu Havo Lost Tholr Courage. MANSFini.D, Pa., Jan. 81. Nino Hun garians went to Foster's gun store at liridgcvillo Monday afternoon and de manded ammunition. On being re fused they threatened to demolish tho store. Thoy then left, nnd fifty men arriving with 'Winchesters pursued them, capturing three. The latter wero armed with revolvers. In the Tom's run and tho Painter's run districts there is no sign of Imme diate trouble. The 100 deputies hnve complete control, and aro not meeting with tho slightest resistance Tho rioters have come to a realization of tho seriousness of their work aud are hid ing in every corner. Tho deputies went from house to houso and thoroughly searched for tho guilty parties. The deputies were divided into arresting squads, and, with their weapons ready for any resistance, visited tho different places where tho rioters wero thought to bo. About fifty arrests have been mado bo far. Tho arresting squads brought their prisoners to ltoseville, whero they wcro handcuffed in pairs and inarched to tho train with four deputies with Winchester rifles as gunrds. A largo crowd gathered to see them off and many threats wero made. At Mans field hundreds of persons followed them to the lock-up. The prlsonors were badly frightened lest they should bo attacked. They mado up ono of tho roughest-looking gangs of men over seen in that section. Not ono of them Is an American citizen nnd only a few can talk or understand English. Most of those arrested are miners from tho Robcvillo and Hazletino mines on Tom's run. They wero found in tho attics, cellars, out-houses, under beds, in closets, and several had cutopen bed ticks and had crawled in. Heidelberg, a hamlet 1 milo from Woodvillo, is said to be tho general headquarters of tho rioters. Threo groups of anarchists aro located here) and It is known that the rioters have much ammunition stored away. Depu ties aro searching tho houses to find it. They havo been unablo to locate tho ringleaders and It is believed thoy nre hiding in tho hills. TWO BROTHERS KILLED. l ratal .Accidents Which Caused tile Death of John and Jntnes Dill. Bitimikoham, Ala., Jan. 31. At Hoods, Etawah county, Johnny Dill, aged 0 years, was accidentally btruclc on tho head by an ax in tho hands of his elder brother, James, and killed. Two hours nfterward James was riding a mule. The mule got frightened and ran away. James became entangled in the bridlo nnd was dragged .200 or 300 yards. Ho was picked up unconscious nnd died Saturday morning. ROBBERS LOOT A BANK VAULT. Eicapo with Kevon Thousand Dollars Dogs ou the Trulh Ellaville, Go., Jan. 81 Tho Plant ers' bank of this city was broken open by burglnrs Sunday night and 87,S0f taken. Tho work was done sclcntiflo nlly and it is evident that tho perpe trators wero professionals Dogs were put ou tho trail of two strange men who wero seen journeying toward Pres ton. They had been in the neighbor hood two days and disappeared Sunday night. ENDED FATALLY. A Fit or Incessant Hiccoughing Kills Wil liam MUhollln. SrniNGFiKLn, 0 Jan. 31. William Milhollln, a veteran contractor, died Saturdaj' evening under peculiar clf cumstanccs. He had been 111 with tho grippe, but for seventy hours before, his denth ho was in terrible ugony from incessant hiccoughing aud all efforts of physicians failed to relievo him. IIo wus entirely conscious and attempted to control .tho hiccoughing, but it was useless. Ho became weaker and weulier and finally died from sheer exhaustion.