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THE PERRYSBURG JOURNAL, FRIDAY. AUGUST 7, 1103.
RAILWAY TO EUROPE Uew Interest In the Project of New York to Paris by Rail. The Iilcn In Sfnt So Gliliucrtcnl fin It 'Would Seem nt I'lrxt Thought To Tunnel Ileiicutlt IlehrliiK StrnltN, When a few years ago somo explor ers and engineers suggested an all-rail routo to Pails via a tunnel under tho Bohriug straits, It was considered as , the wildest of dreams. But that there ' Is more to tho schema than Idle spec ulation Is ovldont from tho fact that tho projectors of tho now road (French and Kusslan capitalists and American hankers), havo just filed a petition with Secretary Hitchcock, of tho Interior department, for approval of tho proposed route. This petition will undoubtedly bo followed by an application to congress for a land .grant through Alaska. Col. James Hamilton Lewis, of Chicago, Holmes Conrad, former solicitor for tho de partment of justice, and Charles H. Aldrich, of Chicago, are tho attorneys for the projectors. Tho petition, It is believed, is a forerunner to asking the United States to neutralize the straits as between nations, so that, in tho , -event of war with China and Japan or Jlussia, no advantage will be given to the enemies of Russia. The tunnel under tho straits would 1)0 between Capo Prince of Wales, tho most westerly point of Alaska, and East Capo, the most easterly point In Siberia, and will; according to a report of the engineers, . prove a comparatively easy task, for beneath tho water, which in no place is over 23 fathoms, the formation is not of rock, but schist or slate. No blasting would be jiecessary, and the Dlaniede islands in the straits are so placed as to offer tho 'most convenient means of ventilation of tho tunnel. The straits, commonly reported to be from 17 to 30 miles wide, nro actually 10, and tho first island Is 13 miles from East ( Cape; the second is 15 miles from that, and the "third five miles from Cape Prince of Wales. Harry de Windt, the explorer, journalist and engineer, who with a party of Russians visited tho straits in 1S9S, declared after he bad carefully surveyed the situation, that the difficulties to be encountered In tun-' iicling and constructing roads in Alaska 1o connect with the trans-Siberian road were not one-quarter those to bo en countered in the construction of the White Pass railroad, dreamed of ten 3 ears ago by J. J. Hill, for further north tho mountains diminish and tho valleys, thickly wooded to within 80 miles of Cape Prince of Wales, run north and south. According to the present plans, the Trans-Alaskan Railroad company, of which Mr. J. J. Frey, of Denver, Col., 2 Xg& J " gv A MAP OF BEHRINQ STRAITS. Is president, will construct tho road of 2.C00 miles to Capo Prince .of Wales. The Russian government will operate the Siberian side of the road. The White Prfss railroad is paying enor mously, and It Is certain that tho pro posed new road would pay equally well, lor there are vast forests, tin deposits at Cupo Prince of Wales, copper depos its and gold Holds of a valuo which Is not yet known or realized. Tho entire cost of building tho con necting lines In Alaska and Siberia, and constructing the tunnel would not bo .ns great as that of tho New York sub way. It is planned to mako tho road Blnglo tracked for freight with sidings, .nnd will enable a train to pull out of Paris, and three weeks later enter New York city. Forty engineers who wero sent out by the Russian government for tho solo purposo of survoylng the proposed road "havo planned no mountain climbing or tunnollug. Tho road by tacking would .avoid tho mountains from Irkutsk to Yokutsk, a dlstanco of 2,000 miles. This section Is now under construction. From Yokutsk tho road will extend half way to Verkoyansk, nnd then strike duo northeast to Verln Kolymsk; then south 100 miles, and thenco to East Cape. Con vlct labor would bo used In Siberia, and tho forests would supply tho ties nnd lumber Tor 1,000 miles of sheds in Siberia .and Alaska. M. Locqul Lobet, member of tho Geographical society, and ono of thoso Interested In tho groat scheme, passed through San Francisco recently, nnd In talking of tho plans declared that 12 years would see tho road and tun mel completed and trains running. faooil 'Iilvlnvr. Too, Farmer Corncrlbb I seo a follor eat -tacks and"b"rokcn bottles In a Now York onuseum. Farmor Hayrnko That's nothln' "tall! I seen a big, fat, healthy man In "Now York onco that lived on gold bricks tind sawdust. Puck. Worthy of n Trlnl. Moymo I wish I could got some tthlng.thnt would provont my lips from chapping. Edyth Why don't you eat onions? Maymo latitat a good romody? Edyth Yos; It keeps tho chnpj way. Cincinnati Enquirer. SL DISPUTE The Tiny Specks That Both Amor, ica and England Now Claim. Why Thnae on the Count of Itr.lttnti North Ilornco Helnuu; to Un Where They Are anil Whut They Are The I'cuiile. When the sultan of Sulu (or Jolo) first saw an American, ho asked: "Why did you come hero to got more land?" having heard that Americans wero very rich and possessed immeas urable lands. And if he now knows, or ever happens to hear, that our govern ment has taken tho trouble to put her seal on thoso tiny specks of land lying off tho northeast coast of Borneo, the wco Isles of Bagnau, Taganac, Bak kungnau, Lihlman, Boaanl, Slebeung, nnd Lankkayan, ho may, indeed, doubt tho tales of boundless wealth and wldo domains belonging to tho United States. But these wee islands havo strategical value, and therefore wa THE DISPUTED ISLANDS. They Are Shown In il.e Circle eff the Eornco Ccast. want them. And, anyway, they belong to us. These, seven islands lying, so close to British North Borneo, came to us along with the sultan of Sulu. But we lay claim to "them, not because this Sulu sultan has spiritual power over the Mohammedans In some islands without the Sulu group, aud even over Mohammedans residing North Borneo, but becadsc of two trea ties; the first, a treaty (between Great Britain, Germany and Spain, wherein Spain was given title to all tho islands "outside a marine league's distance of the Borneo coast"; tho second treaty referred to the one between the United States government and tho sultan of Jolo, In which agreement was made that all the Islands ceded to Spain by the treaty of 18S3 should belong to the United States. Tho seven Islands recently visited by the United States gunboat are unques tionably out of the marine league limit of this treaty, and authorities declare the British have not a shadow of claim to them. They are uninhabited and reputed uninhabitable; all He close to gether and are spread over an area of about 40 miles. The largest of the seven, Boaanl and Tagenac. command tho harbor of Sandakam, the capital of British North Borneo. Rear Ad miral Evans, recognizing their value from a strategic point of view, sent ono of the Philippine gunboats to the Islands to survey them, hoist the American flag and erect American tab lets. The island of Borneo is the largest of the East India islands. The Dutch possessions comprise by far tho major part of the territory, tho British terri tory (31.10G square miles) occupying the extremo northern portion of the Island. British North Borneo has a coast line of about 900 miles, a moun tainous Interior, and much jungle land; the population is 200,000; on the coast aro Mohammedan settlers, some Chineso traders and artisans, and in land dwell the aboriginal tribes. Bru nei and Sarawak, neighboring terri tories, were placed under British pro tection in 1SSS. British North Borneo is under tho jurisdiction of the Brit ish North Borneo company, held under grants from tho sultans of Sulu and ol Brunei. Tho teVrltory is administered by a governor (English) In Borneo and a court of directors in London. Our friend, tho sultan of Sulu, seems to have been considerable of a person age in tho past and may yet be, for all we know; both Great Britain and Spain treating him with' consideration. Spain used to pay him an annual trib ute, and the North Borneo Trading company still hands over to him a yearly trlbuto of 5,000 Mexican dol lars. And yet In his own land tho po tentate has wielded but an uncertain authority; whero "each man Is more or less of a freo lance, nnd his author ity Is measured largely by tho number of rifles ho possesses." Following tho word of out putting hand to tho soven tiny islands oft the coast of Borneo comes tho report that Franco Is going to turn over to us nor insular possessions In tho eastern Pa cific. A cynical writer, commenting on tho reported transfer, says: "The correspondent falls to tell whether wo nro to pay for them, or bo paid for taking them." Certainly their reve nues aro not such as to mako us eager. Tho local budgets of all for last year amounted to not more than $300,000; tho Islands altogether have an nren of about 1,520 square miles, aud a popu lation of 29,000. A Dreitm of Cilndiieaa, "What would bo your first act if you woro president of tho United States, Mr. Henpeck?" "I think I would start out on a good, big swing around tho circle, leaving my wlfo at homo to Bee that tho government was kept going ull right." Chicago Record-Herald. , 111m lluxe. Street Boy Sir, havo you lost your pockotbook? Gontlcman (searching through his pockets) No, my boy. Street Boy Then you will be so kind to e'vo me a nickel. Judge. SCENE ON A CALIFORNIA OSTRICH FARM. aSTflV . fO:' i WL $ &3$K$8i$ sljcv Jy Or, il ' i WiS'frS'ISfetSf' TT r"R aI"T i " S3&j&j&t4&& XILZZ?" '7 JR " J ' HqaF.U5$sssfcs ' i TAN-TI, THE GREAT. I.Ktle nnn of l'ntrlclnn Ancentry 1'hnt Wnn Drought to Till Country from China. "Yes, indeed, ho belongs to the no bility nnd tho gentry," said Miss Holcn Jackson ns sho lookctl admiringly at the microscopic dog that was present ed to hor by Dr. Decker during her re cent visit to California. This samo specimen of tho pocket edition variety of dog has excited the envy and ad miration of every ono of Miss Jack Bon's friends who has behold his royal highness, reports tho Denver Post. "Just note tho haughty po30 of his aristocratic little black noso and tho majestic flourish of what promises In timo to be a caudal appendago worth mentioning," said she. "Ho Is as much impressed with his own importanco as any viceroy with tho peacock feathers and yellow robo of tho oriental king dom, whero a long lino of his an cestors have lived for years and years." His patrician blood Is evinced by numerous flno points and tho black ness of his satiny coat Is accentuated by tho whiteness of his feet. At pres ent he is barely visible to the naked In British - --,w S2JTV TM ' r?W. . S i fflfSSKiISSS Until a comparatively recent period all the ostrich plumes sold In the American market were Imported from Africa. Some 12 years or" an enterprising citizen of California conceived the Iden of importing some of the big African birds and estab lishing a farm for the purpose of raising the costly featlu-rs at home. Ills suc cess was aimost Instantaneous, and the small Hock 'Jhat was originally brought irom the dark continent has multiplied w onderfully. 'While a large quantity of plumes Is still Imported, the domestic supply has had a tendency to reduce prlcea to consumers In this country. eye, but promises to be fully eight Inches long when he gets his growth. He answers to the euphonious name of Tan-TI, which name has probably descended to him through a long line of royal dog ancestry. His mother, trembling with fright, was found in the emperor's palace during the siege of Peking, was rescued and brought to California by American sailors. Pinky-Panky-Poo was recently In Denver and had a train of pdmfrers, but the rule of Tan-Tl the Great begins at once In Denver dogdom, and all aspirants for high places must bow to his su premacy. Tender-Henrted DiirRlnr. Though taking all tho money he could find, a burglar who broke Into a woman's house in Paris left a note say ing he could not find It In his heart to take her Jewels lest they were heir looms. Would He Hurled nt Sen. Admiral Sir Harry Keppel, "tho fa ther of the British fleet," has begun his ninety-fifth year. The venerable officer is a sailor by Instinct, and has often declared that he hopes to die ana be bur ied at sea. KlnK Lhliriiril n Good Shot. It is as a deadly pheasant shot that King Edward has won his reputation as a marksman. He is considered, after Lord Walsingham and Lord De Grey, the finest pheasant-shot in England. Revenue from the Yukon. The Yukon yielded the Canadian gov ernment a levenuo of ?1,4S5,7G0 last year and the expenditure on the terri tory was 52,557,330. CARDINAL JAMES GIBBONS. Cardinal Gibbons, archbishop of Baltimore, Md was born in the city of Balti more July B, ISSt. At an early ago he was taken by his purents to their formor come In Ireland, where his education began. When he wus 17 years old ho re turned to hU native state and entered S . Charles' college, Maryland, He was or dulncd priest In 1SG1. In 1SCS he was made vicar upostolle of North Carolina; was translated to the vacant see of Hlchufond, Va., In 1572; was appointed coadjutor bishop of the Baltimore archdiocese in IS77, and on the death of Archbishop Balltjr, In the same jcur, Hucceedcd him. He Was created a cardluulin 15SJ. CONSUMPTION OF JEWELRY. Wlmt Heroine of Rood Wntelien nnit Other Artlelen of Vnlue In Some thing of u Myatcry. A periodical devoted to tho Jewelry trade tries 'to account for tho continued sale of certain lines of merchandise. As cheap plated stuff Is thrown nway ns soon as tho coating wears off, ono can understand why such articles disap pear. Kings, pins, and other objects of real value, as well as Jewelry, may bn lo3t, of course, but they don't wear out. They last a lifetime. Owing to a chnngo In stylo, possibly they may bo laid aside, but this does not happen often. Perhaps the most puzzling phase of the question Is tho demand for wntchea and watch movements. This is encour aged by the fact that a really good time keeper In a nickel case can bo bought for ?5 or $10, yet the number of watches sold Increases much faster than the pop ulation. Where do all these go? So durable are the old watches that thou sands which have been In serv'co for nearly a lifetime may be seen still in use. A Pittsburg dealer said the other day: "The railroad man Is about as fair an example as you can find. While his caso is only an ordinary one his watch move ment is usually good, and In many In stances his children earn their own watch before he Is in a position to pass it to the heir. The majority of watches aro kept the same way, and what be comes of them is more than the average dealer can tell." Prisoner IMenne.s Cznr. A prisoner in Siberia lately sent t. czar a gift In the shape of a large hazel nut, inside of which is a miniature chessboard, with all the pieces complete, carved out of ivory. The prisoner had worked at this little gem in his leisure hours for more than a year. The czar was so pleased that he desired to know for what the man had been sent to Si beria, and it is expected that a loprleva will bo granted to him. MonoIIthn for Cnthetlri.l. Eight great monoliths are rvady for erection in building the Cathedral of St. John the Divine In New York city. The eight columns cost ?250,000. The rough shafts measure C4 by SM: by 7 feet, and weigh 310 tons each. Only one other structure, St. Isaac's cathedral, at St. Petersburg, has columns approaching these in size. After the Funeral. A Japanese Buddhist dignitary Wk.. buried a few weeks ago. The police made tho following terse return of tho side issues of the ceremony: "Three hundred and eleven injuries, 75 faint ing, 121 thefts, 374 pickpockets cap tured, 1,021 articles lost. Soventy-nlno people fell into creeks or ditches." THE MERRY-GO-ROUND. Across the wny there's a merry-go-round. 1 can see It w hero I lie. I can see the hobbj -horses glldo across tho twIliRht sky. And when the merry-so-round goes round, tho music begins to play, And the people laugh, nnd the children sing, and all arc blithe and gay. And tho merry-go-round; goes round and round, And tlio horses never tire; And the bright lights blnzo, And the music plays. And the mirth rolls higher nnd higher; As the meiry-go-round goes round and round; And round and round goes the merry-go-round. Mary II. Turks, In St. Nicholas. THE STORY OF DICK. Fnlthfnl SciikiiII Which Kept Trynt for u Period of Tncnty Couaecnt It e 't'enrn. Out in tho ocean, about four miles off the shore of Rhode Island and just south of Narragansett bay, Is anchored Bren ton's Kerf lightship. Some 32 years ago the lonely watchers on the ship had their attention attracted by a seagull that so far put aside his wild nature as to swim close tothe'vessel In search of food. The friendliness and trustfulness of the bird DICK LEAVING LIGHT SHIP. immediately won the hearts of the keep ers, and soon he was supplied with all the food he wanted. Not only this, but every day, without a break, the bird, which by this time the men had named "Dick," came back, and just as regularly was he supplied. This soon grew into a habit; and the preparation of Dick's al lowance became one of the cook's fixed duties. There -would have been nothing very remarkable in a wild sea fowl following an instinct that led it to repeat a search for food so regularly and so bountifully successful, were It not for its later his tory. One day near the first of the first April following Dick's appearance at the lightship he was missed, and was not seen again until about the first of the next October, when tho same pro gramme of dally feeding was resumt d nnd kept up as during the previous year. Then, as the first of April drew near, Dick would again take himself off to his summer home, wherever that might be, only faithfully to return with the fol lowing October. This repeated going and coming, with the constant round of dally feeding, was kept up for 24 consecutive years; and Capt. Edward Fogarty, in charge of the lightship, writes to us that the last seen of the old fellow was in April, 1S05, when, according to his custom, he left for his summer vacation, but, for the first time In 24 years, failed to return the next October. What became of him no one knows. His great age may have so enfeebled him that he was unequal to the long flight to and from his unknown summer home. He may have chosen to stay there, or he may have died of old age. It was noticed by the ship's keepers ithat during his last visit Dick plainly showed the effects of his increasing years, and that he was no longer able to hold his own with the other gulls In maintaining his exclusive right to the bounty thrown out from the lightship. The Smithsonian institution knew the history of Dick's visits and was desirous of obtaining his remains when he died, Hut, while it is posslblo that in his later lifo he might have been captured and forced to end his days on shipboard, there was not on board the lightship so false as to make the attempt or permit it in others. Tho reports of Dick's arrival and de parture wero faithfully recorded by the captain in his ship s records as If they were an important item of marine news, and in the neighborhood of Newport, at least, ho was as well known a character ns any pet elephant or monkey within the safe confines of a zoological garden Is to the girls and boys in the cities. Dick's cago and playground was tho whole Atlantic ocean, If he had wished, but ho was faithful to tho friends whom he had always found faltful to hlm.-j St. Nicholas Wuteliful Stone Sllnnera. "When tho wheat Is growing in tko fields near tho banks of tho Nllo, Egypt, great quantities of birds of every kind pounco down upon tho tender grain and would soon destroy tho whole crop wero it not for the watchful "stono slingera." Theso aro men who stand all day perched on little platforms here and there throughout tho fields with slings nnd pebbles, shooting any bird that come3 within reach. Tho work of a stone sllnger 13 a regular profession In Egypt, though a poorly paid one, it be ing thought that simply standing still all day Is not vory hard labor. It is only lor a few weeks twice a year tbnt tho atone sllnger ;an find employment. STORIES ABOUT RAVENS. Fidelity to Mnten nnd I'ormiitlon ol I'ccullnr Frlcmlnhliin Clinrnctor- lzc These lllriln. Tho raven nlways pairs for life, and the strength of affection, tho fidelity, tho dignity which this Implies Booni to mo to rnlso him infinitely, ns it does tho owls, abovo birds which congregato in flocks, nnd so abjuro family ties and duties through a greater part of tho car. A raven kept at the "Old Bear" inn at Hungerford struck n close friendship with a Newfoundland dog. When tho dog broko his leg tho raven waited on him constantly, catered for him, forget ting for tho timo his own greediness, and rarely, if ever, loft his side. Ono night, when tho dog was by accident shut within tho stablo alono, Ralph suc ceeded in pecking a hole through tho door, all but largo enough to admit hi3 body. Another, kept In a yard In which a big basket sparrow trap was sometimes set, watched narrowly the process from his favorite corner, and managed, when tho trap fell, to lift it up, hoping to get at the sparrows within. They, of course, escaped before he could drop tho trap. But, taught by 'experience, ho opened communications with anolhor tamo raven In an adjoining yard, nnd tho next timo the trap fell, while ono of them lifted it up, tho other pounced upon tho quarry. A fomaiT raven, known at that time to be GO years of age, and who had passed much of hor early and middle life with a strange companion, a blind porcupine, was given, in the year 1S51, by Mr. J. H. Gurney. tho well-known ornithologist, to tho rector of Bluniishnm, in Hunting donshire. She seemed so disconsolato at tho loss of her surroundings that her now owner, falling to got another raven, managed to secure a seagull for her as a companion. A wam friendship soon sprang up between tho two birds. They followed one another about everywhere, and tho invon often used to treat her companion to pieces of putrid meat which sho had buried for hor own con sumption In tho shrubberies. Theso were delicacies in tho eyes of the raven, but they were not so good for the gull. In course of time, whether from Indi gestion or not, tho gull fell ill and tho raven became more assiduous than ever in her attentions, never leaving him and plying him with her most nauseous tit-bits. Tho gull grow worse, as was perhaps natural under the treatment. and less companionable, and one day, when he positively refused to touch a more unsavory morsel than usual, which the raven had denied to herself and doubtless thought to bo a panacea. the raven, In a fit of fury nt tho ingrati tude of her patient, foil upon her friend, killed It, tore It to pieces, nnd, burying half of It for future consumption, de voured tho rest. Nineteenth Century. TRICK IN BALANCING. After n Few Trials It Can lie Mnntered by Anyone Whom; llimil la IleiiMoiiiilily Steudy. If you want to amuse some young persons, get a decanter, a plate, a ladlo and a skimmer, and then tell them that you Intend to balance the ladle and the skimmer In tho manner shown in tho accompanying picture. Of course, they will be Incredulous, but, if your hand Is reasonably steady, you will be able to do the trick. First, hang trie skimmer by Its handle from the edge of the plate and keep it In position by means of a small wedge AN AMUSING THICK. made of cork. Next, take the skimmer and plato In one hand and lay the edge of the plate on tho edge of the decanter, aud then with the other hand connect, the ladle with tho skimmer and hold them until you find tho exact position In which they will balance each other. The first time you try to do this trick It Is quite probable that you will fall, and in that case your audience will be much amused at seeing skimmer, ladlo and plate come down with a rush on tho In nocent decanter. After a few trials, however, you will become an adept at tho trick and It will then be your turn to laugh at those who doubted your abili ty to perform it. N. Y. Herald. Cut Una MruiiKe Fuinlly. Mrs. Leo Kaulfman, who lives near Lyndon, Kan., has a cat that is rearing a rather strange family. Some time ago, whllo Mrs. Kauffninn was In tho yard, sho heard a squealing and commotion coming from a largo hole In tho ground which was closo by. Sho was afraid tc put her hand in tho hole and investigate the causo of the sounds, and, when the men camo from tho fields at noon, she ' called their attention to tho occurrence. Thoy procured spades and dug Into the hole, unearthing a mother coon In her nest with three tiny ones about a day old. Tho old coon oseapod, aud the little ones, after being admired for some timo, wero given to tho cat to devour, which was licking its chops near by, as if hun gry for tho llttlo fellows. Tho cat smelled them, and then begau licking their llttlo bodies, afterward hunting a bed for herself, to which sho took the little coons and adopted them. Ono of. thtfiu died, but tho other two aro living and will soon bo larger titan their foster mothor. !