THE PERRYSBURG JOURNAL, FRIDAY. AUGUST 7, 1103.
RAILWAY TO EUROPE
Uew Interest In the Project of New
York to Paris by Rail.
The Iilcn In Sfnt So Gliliucrtcnl fin It
'Would Seem nt I'lrxt Thought
To Tunnel Ileiicutlt
When a few years ago somo explor
ers and engineers suggested an all-rail
routo to Pails via a tunnel under tho
Bohriug straits, It was considered as
, the wildest of dreams. But that there
' Is more to tho schema than Idle spec
ulation Is ovldont from tho fact that
tho projectors of tho now road
(French and Kusslan capitalists and
American hankers), havo just filed a
petition with Secretary Hitchcock, of
tho Interior department, for approval
of tho proposed route. This petition
will undoubtedly bo followed by an
application to congress for a land
.grant through Alaska. Col. James
Hamilton Lewis, of Chicago, Holmes
Conrad, former solicitor for tho de
partment of justice, and Charles H.
Aldrich, of Chicago, are tho attorneys
for the projectors. Tho petition, It is
believed, is a forerunner to asking the
United States to neutralize the straits
as between nations, so that, in tho
, -event of war with China and Japan or
Jlussia, no advantage will be given to
the enemies of Russia.
The tunnel under tho straits would
1)0 between Capo Prince of Wales, tho
most westerly point of Alaska, and
East Capo, the most easterly point
In Siberia, and will; according
to a report of the engineers,
. prove a comparatively easy task,
for beneath tho water, which in no place
is over 23 fathoms, the formation is
not of rock, but schist or slate. No
blasting would be jiecessary, and the
Dlaniede islands in the straits are so
placed as to offer tho 'most convenient
means of ventilation of tho tunnel. The
straits, commonly reported to be from
17 to 30 miles wide, nro actually 10, and
tho first island Is 13 miles from East
( Cape; the second is 15 miles from that,
and the "third five miles from Cape
Prince of Wales. Harry de Windt, the
explorer, journalist and engineer, who
with a party of Russians visited tho
straits in 1S9S, declared after he bad
carefully surveyed the situation, that
the difficulties to be encountered In tun-'
iicling and constructing roads in Alaska
1o connect with the trans-Siberian road
were not one-quarter those to bo en
countered in the construction of the
White Pass railroad, dreamed of ten
3 ears ago by J. J. Hill, for further north
tho mountains diminish and tho valleys,
thickly wooded to within 80 miles of
Cape Prince of Wales, run north and
According to the present plans, the
Trans-Alaskan Railroad company, of
which Mr. J. J. Frey, of Denver, Col.,
A MAP OF BEHRINQ STRAITS.
Is president, will construct tho road
of 2.C00 miles to Capo Prince .of Wales.
The Russian government will operate
the Siberian side of the road. The
White Prfss railroad is paying enor
mously, and It Is certain that tho pro
posed new road would pay equally well,
lor there are vast forests, tin deposits
at Cupo Prince of Wales, copper depos
its and gold Holds of a valuo which Is
not yet known or realized.
Tho entire cost of building tho con
necting lines In Alaska and Siberia, and
constructing the tunnel would not bo
.ns great as that of tho New York sub
way. It is planned to mako tho road
Blnglo tracked for freight with sidings,
.nnd will enable a train to pull out of
Paris, and three weeks later enter New
Forty engineers who wero sent out
by the Russian government for tho solo
purposo of survoylng the proposed road
"havo planned no mountain climbing or
tunnollug. Tho road by tacking would
.avoid tho mountains from Irkutsk to
Yokutsk, a dlstanco of 2,000 miles. This
section Is now under construction. From
Yokutsk tho road will extend half way
to Verkoyansk, nnd then strike duo
northeast to Verln Kolymsk; then south
100 miles, and thenco to East Cape. Con
vlct labor would bo used In Siberia, and
tho forests would supply tho ties nnd
lumber Tor 1,000 miles of sheds in Siberia
M. Locqul Lobet, member of tho
Geographical society, and ono of thoso
Interested In tho groat scheme, passed
through San Francisco recently, nnd
In talking of tho plans declared that
12 years would see tho road and tun
mel completed and trains running.
faooil 'Iilvlnvr. Too,
Farmer Corncrlbb I seo a follor eat
-tacks and"b"rokcn bottles In a Now York
Farmor Hayrnko That's nothln'
"tall! I seen a big, fat, healthy man In
"Now York onco that lived on gold bricks
tind sawdust. Puck.
Worthy of n Trlnl.
Moymo I wish I could got some
tthlng.thnt would provont my lips from
Edyth Why don't you eat onions?
Maymo latitat a good romody?
Edyth Yos; It keeps tho chnpj
way. Cincinnati Enquirer.
The Tiny Specks That Both Amor,
ica and England Now Claim.
Why Thnae on the Count of Itr.lttnti
North Ilornco Helnuu; to Un
Where They Are anil Whut
They Are The I'cuiile.
When the sultan of Sulu (or Jolo)
first saw an American, ho asked:
"Why did you come hero to got more
land?" having heard that Americans
wero very rich and possessed immeas
urable lands. And if he now knows, or
ever happens to hear, that our govern
ment has taken tho trouble to put her
seal on thoso tiny specks of land lying
off tho northeast coast of Borneo, the
wco Isles of Bagnau, Taganac, Bak
kungnau, Lihlman, Boaanl, Slebeung,
nnd Lankkayan, ho may, indeed, doubt
tho tales of boundless wealth and wldo
domains belonging to tho United
States. But these wee islands havo
strategical value, and therefore wa
THE DISPUTED ISLANDS.
They Are Shown In il.e Circle eff the Eornco
want them. And, anyway, they belong
These, seven islands lying, so close
to British North Borneo, came to us
along with the sultan of Sulu. But we
lay claim to "them, not because this
Sulu sultan has spiritual power over
the Mohammedans In some islands
without the Sulu group, aud even over
North Borneo, but becadsc of two trea
ties; the first, a treaty (between Great
Britain, Germany and Spain, wherein
Spain was given title to all tho islands
"outside a marine league's distance of
the Borneo coast"; tho second treaty
referred to the one between the United
States government and tho sultan of
Jolo, In which agreement was made
that all the Islands ceded to Spain by
the treaty of 18S3 should belong to the
Tho seven Islands recently visited by
the United States gunboat are unques
tionably out of the marine league limit
of this treaty, and authorities declare
the British have not a shadow of claim
to them. They are uninhabited and
reputed uninhabitable; all He close to
gether and are spread over an area of
about 40 miles. The largest of the
seven, Boaanl and Tagenac. command
tho harbor of Sandakam, the capital
of British North Borneo. Rear Ad
miral Evans, recognizing their value
from a strategic point of view, sent
ono of the Philippine gunboats to the
Islands to survey them, hoist the
American flag and erect American tab
The island of Borneo is the largest
of the East India islands. The Dutch
possessions comprise by far tho major
part of the territory, tho British terri
tory (31.10G square miles) occupying
the extremo northern portion of the
Island. British North Borneo has a
coast line of about 900 miles, a moun
tainous Interior, and much jungle
land; the population is 200,000; on the
coast aro Mohammedan settlers, some
Chineso traders and artisans, and in
land dwell the aboriginal tribes. Bru
nei and Sarawak, neighboring terri
tories, were placed under British pro
tection in 1SSS. British North Borneo
is under tho jurisdiction of the Brit
ish North Borneo company, held under
grants from tho sultans of Sulu and ol
Brunei. Tho teVrltory is administered
by a governor (English) In Borneo
and a court of directors in London.
Our friend, tho sultan of Sulu, seems
to have been considerable of a person
age in tho past and may yet be, for
all we know; both Great Britain and
Spain treating him with' consideration.
Spain used to pay him an annual trib
ute, and the North Borneo Trading
company still hands over to him a
yearly trlbuto of 5,000 Mexican dol
lars. And yet In his own land tho po
tentate has wielded but an uncertain
authority; whero "each man Is more
or less of a freo lance, nnd his author
ity Is measured largely by tho number
of rifles ho possesses."
Following tho word of out putting
hand to tho soven tiny islands oft the
coast of Borneo comes tho report that
Franco Is going to turn over to us nor
insular possessions In tho eastern Pa
cific. A cynical writer, commenting
on tho reported transfer, says: "The
correspondent falls to tell whether
wo nro to pay for them, or bo paid for
taking them." Certainly their reve
nues aro not such as to mako us eager.
Tho local budgets of all for last year
amounted to not more than $300,000;
tho Islands altogether have an nren of
about 1,520 square miles, aud a popu
lation of 29,000.
A Dreitm of Cilndiieaa,
"What would bo your first act if you
woro president of tho United States, Mr.
"I think I would start out on a good,
big swing around tho circle, leaving my
wlfo at homo to Bee that tho government
was kept going ull right." Chicago
Street Boy Sir, havo you lost your
Gontlcman (searching through his
pockets) No, my boy.
Street Boy Then you will be so kind
to e'vo me a nickel. Judge.
SCENE ON A CALIFORNIA OSTRICH FARM.
aSTflV . fO:' i WL $ &3$K$8i$
sljcv Jy Or, il ' i WiS'frS'ISfetSf' TT r"R aI"T i " S3&j&j&t4&& XILZZ?" '7
JR " J ' HqaF.U5$sssfcs ' i
TAN-TI, THE GREAT.
I.Ktle nnn of l'ntrlclnn Ancentry 1'hnt
Wnn Drought to Till Country
"Yes, indeed, ho belongs to the no
bility nnd tho gentry," said Miss Holcn
Jackson ns sho lookctl admiringly at
the microscopic dog that was present
ed to hor by Dr. Decker during her re
cent visit to California. This samo
specimen of tho pocket edition variety
of dog has excited the envy and ad
miration of every ono of Miss Jack
Bon's friends who has behold his royal
highness, reports tho Denver Post.
"Just note tho haughty po30 of his
aristocratic little black noso and tho
majestic flourish of what promises In
timo to be a caudal appendago worth
mentioning," said she. "Ho Is as much
impressed with his own importanco as
any viceroy with tho peacock feathers
and yellow robo of tho oriental king
dom, whero a long lino of his an
cestors have lived for years and years."
His patrician blood Is evinced by
numerous flno points and tho black
ness of his satiny coat Is accentuated
by tho whiteness of his feet. At pres
ent he is barely visible to the naked
In British - --,w S2JTV TM ' r?W. . S
Until a comparatively recent period all the ostrich plumes sold In the American
market were Imported from Africa. Some 12 years or" an enterprising citizen of
California conceived the Iden of importing some of the big African birds and estab
lishing a farm for the purpose of raising the costly featlu-rs at home. Ills suc
cess was aimost Instantaneous, and the small Hock 'Jhat was originally brought
irom the dark continent has multiplied w onderfully. 'While a large quantity of
plumes Is still Imported, the domestic supply has had a tendency to reduce prlcea
to consumers In this country.
eye, but promises to be fully eight
Inches long when he gets his growth.
He answers to the euphonious name
of Tan-TI, which name has probably
descended to him through a long line
of royal dog ancestry. His mother,
trembling with fright, was found in
the emperor's palace during the siege
of Peking, was rescued and brought to
California by American sailors. Pinky-Panky-Poo
was recently In Denver and
had a train of pdmfrers, but the rule
of Tan-Tl the Great begins at once
In Denver dogdom, and all aspirants
for high places must bow to his su
premacy. Tender-Henrted DiirRlnr.
Though taking all tho money he
could find, a burglar who broke Into a
woman's house in Paris left a note say
ing he could not find It In his heart to
take her Jewels lest they were heir
looms. Would He Hurled nt Sen.
Admiral Sir Harry Keppel, "tho fa
ther of the British fleet," has begun his
ninety-fifth year. The venerable officer
is a sailor by Instinct, and has often
declared that he hopes to die ana be bur
ied at sea.
KlnK Lhliriiril n Good Shot.
It is as a deadly pheasant shot that
King Edward has won his reputation as
a marksman. He is considered, after
Lord Walsingham and Lord De Grey,
the finest pheasant-shot in England.
Revenue from the Yukon.
The Yukon yielded the Canadian gov
ernment a levenuo of ?1,4S5,7G0 last
year and the expenditure on the terri
tory was 52,557,330.
CARDINAL JAMES GIBBONS.
Cardinal Gibbons, archbishop of Baltimore, Md was born in the city of Balti
more July B, ISSt. At an early ago he was taken by his purents to their formor
come In Ireland, where his education began. When he wus 17 years old ho re
turned to hU native state and entered S . Charles' college, Maryland, He was or
dulncd priest In 1SG1. In 1SCS he was made vicar upostolle of North Carolina; was
translated to the vacant see of Hlchufond, Va., In 1572; was appointed coadjutor
bishop of the Baltimore archdiocese in IS77, and on the death of Archbishop Balltjr,
In the same jcur, Hucceedcd him. He Was created a cardluulin 15SJ.
CONSUMPTION OF JEWELRY.
Wlmt Heroine of Rood Wntelien nnit
Other Artlelen of Vnlue In Some
thing of u Myatcry.
A periodical devoted to tho Jewelry
trade tries 'to account for tho continued
sale of certain lines of merchandise. As
cheap plated stuff Is thrown nway ns
soon as tho coating wears off, ono can
understand why such articles disap
pear. Kings, pins, and other objects of
real value, as well as Jewelry, may bn
lo3t, of course, but they don't wear out.
They last a lifetime. Owing to a chnngo
In stylo, possibly they may bo laid aside,
but this does not happen often.
Perhaps the most puzzling phase of
the question Is tho demand for wntchea
and watch movements. This is encour
aged by the fact that a really good time
keeper In a nickel case can bo bought
for ?5 or $10, yet the number of watches
sold Increases much faster than the pop
ulation. Where do all these go? So
durable are the old watches that thou
sands which have been In serv'co for
nearly a lifetime may be seen still in use.
A Pittsburg dealer said the other day:
"The railroad man Is about as fair an
example as you can find. While his caso
is only an ordinary one his watch move
ment is usually good, and In many In
stances his children earn their own
watch before he Is in a position to pass
it to the heir. The majority of watches
aro kept the same way, and what be
comes of them is more than the average
dealer can tell."
Prisoner IMenne.s Cznr.
A prisoner in Siberia lately sent t.
czar a gift In the shape of a large hazel
nut, inside of which is a miniature
chessboard, with all the pieces complete,
carved out of ivory. The prisoner had
worked at this little gem in his leisure
hours for more than a year. The czar
was so pleased that he desired to know
for what the man had been sent to Si
beria, and it is expected that a loprleva
will bo granted to him.
MonoIIthn for Cnthetlri.l.
Eight great monoliths are rvady for
erection in building the Cathedral of St.
John the Divine In New York city. The
eight columns cost ?250,000. The rough
shafts measure C4 by SM: by 7 feet, and
weigh 310 tons each. Only one other
structure, St. Isaac's cathedral, at St.
Petersburg, has columns approaching
these in size.
After the Funeral.
A Japanese Buddhist dignitary Wk..
buried a few weeks ago. The police
made tho following terse return of tho
side issues of the ceremony: "Three
hundred and eleven injuries, 75 faint
ing, 121 thefts, 374 pickpockets cap
tured, 1,021 articles lost. Soventy-nlno
people fell into creeks or ditches."
Across the wny there's a merry-go-round.
1 can see It w hero I lie.
I can see the hobbj -horses glldo across
tho twIliRht sky.
And when the merry-so-round goes round,
tho music begins to play,
And the people laugh, nnd the children sing,
and all arc blithe and gay.
And tho merry-go-round; goes round and
And tlio horses never tire;
And the bright lights blnzo,
And the music plays.
And the mirth rolls higher nnd higher;
As the meiry-go-round goes round and
And round and round goes the merry-go-round.
Mary II. Turks, In St. Nicholas.
THE STORY OF DICK.
Fnlthfnl SciikiiII Which Kept Trynt
for u Period of Tncnty
Couaecnt It e 't'enrn.
Out in tho ocean, about four miles off
the shore of Rhode Island and just south
of Narragansett bay, Is anchored Bren
ton's Kerf lightship. Some 32 years ago
the lonely watchers on the ship had their
attention attracted by a seagull that so
far put aside his wild nature as to swim
close tothe'vessel In search of food. The
friendliness and trustfulness of the bird
DICK LEAVING LIGHT SHIP.
immediately won the hearts of the keep
ers, and soon he was supplied with all
the food he wanted. Not only this, but
every day, without a break, the bird,
which by this time the men had named
"Dick," came back, and just as regularly
was he supplied. This soon grew into a
habit; and the preparation of Dick's al
lowance became one of the cook's fixed
There -would have been nothing very
remarkable in a wild sea fowl following
an instinct that led it to repeat a search
for food so regularly and so bountifully
successful, were It not for its later his
tory. One day near the first of the first
April following Dick's appearance at the
lightship he was missed, and was not
seen again until about the first of the
next October, when tho same pro
gramme of dally feeding was resumt d
nnd kept up as during the previous year.
Then, as the first of April drew near,
Dick would again take himself off to his
summer home, wherever that might be,
only faithfully to return with the fol
This repeated going and coming, with
the constant round of dally feeding, was
kept up for 24 consecutive years; and
Capt. Edward Fogarty, in charge of the
lightship, writes to us that the last seen
of the old fellow was in April, 1S05,
when, according to his custom, he left
for his summer vacation, but, for the
first time In 24 years, failed to return the
What became of him no one knows.
His great age may have so enfeebled him
that he was unequal to the long flight to
and from his unknown summer home.
He may have chosen to stay there, or he
may have died of old age.
It was noticed by the ship's keepers
ithat during his last visit Dick plainly
showed the effects of his increasing
years, and that he was no longer able to
hold his own with the other gulls In
maintaining his exclusive right to the
bounty thrown out from the lightship.
The Smithsonian institution knew the
history of Dick's visits and was desirous
of obtaining his remains when he died,
Hut, while it is posslblo that in his later
lifo he might have been captured and
forced to end his days on shipboard,
there was not on board the lightship
so false as to make the attempt or permit
it in others.
Tho reports of Dick's arrival and de
parture wero faithfully recorded by the
captain in his ship s records as If they
were an important item of marine news,
and in the neighborhood of Newport, at
least, ho was as well known a character
ns any pet elephant or monkey within
the safe confines of a zoological garden
Is to the girls and boys in the cities.
Dick's cago and playground was tho
whole Atlantic ocean, If he had wished,
but ho was faithful to tho friends whom
he had always found faltful to hlm.-j
Wuteliful Stone Sllnnera.
"When tho wheat Is growing in tko
fields near tho banks of tho Nllo, Egypt,
great quantities of birds of every kind
pounco down upon tho tender grain and
would soon destroy tho whole crop wero
it not for the watchful "stono slingera."
Theso aro men who stand all day
perched on little platforms here and
there throughout tho fields with slings
nnd pebbles, shooting any bird that
come3 within reach. Tho work of a
stone sllnger 13 a regular profession In
Egypt, though a poorly paid one, it be
ing thought that simply standing still
all day Is not vory hard labor. It is only
lor a few weeks twice a year tbnt tho
atone sllnger ;an find employment.
STORIES ABOUT RAVENS.
Fidelity to Mnten nnd I'ormiitlon ol
I'ccullnr Frlcmlnhliin Clinrnctor-
lzc These lllriln.
Tho raven nlways pairs for life, and
the strength of affection, tho fidelity,
tho dignity which this Implies Booni to
mo to rnlso him infinitely, ns it does
tho owls, abovo birds which congregato
in flocks, nnd so abjuro family ties and
duties through a greater part of tho
A raven kept at the "Old Bear" inn at
Hungerford struck n close friendship
with a Newfoundland dog. When tho
dog broko his leg tho raven waited on
him constantly, catered for him, forget
ting for tho timo his own greediness,
and rarely, if ever, loft his side. Ono
night, when tho dog was by accident
shut within tho stablo alono, Ralph suc
ceeded in pecking a hole through tho
door, all but largo enough to admit hi3
Another, kept In a yard In which a big
basket sparrow trap was sometimes set,
watched narrowly the process from his
favorite corner, and managed, when tho
trap fell, to lift it up, hoping to get at
the sparrows within. They, of course,
escaped before he could drop tho trap.
But, taught by 'experience, ho opened
communications with anolhor tamo
raven In an adjoining yard, nnd tho next
timo the trap fell, while ono of them
lifted it up, tho other pounced upon tho
A fomaiT raven, known at that time
to be GO years of age, and who had passed
much of hor early and middle life with a
strange companion, a blind porcupine,
was given, in the year 1S51, by Mr. J. H.
Gurney. tho well-known ornithologist,
to tho rector of Bluniishnm, in Hunting
donshire. She seemed so disconsolato
at tho loss of her surroundings that her
now owner, falling to got another raven,
managed to secure a seagull for her as
a companion. A wam friendship soon
sprang up between tho two birds. They
followed one another about everywhere,
and tho invon often used to treat her
companion to pieces of putrid meat
which sho had buried for hor own con
sumption In tho shrubberies. Theso
were delicacies in tho eyes of the raven,
but they were not so good for the gull.
In course of time, whether from Indi
gestion or not, tho gull fell ill and tho
raven became more assiduous than ever
in her attentions, never leaving him
and plying him with her most nauseous
tit-bits. Tho gull grow worse, as was
perhaps natural under the treatment.
and less companionable, and one day,
when he positively refused to touch a
more unsavory morsel than usual,
which the raven had denied to herself
and doubtless thought to bo a panacea.
the raven, In a fit of fury nt tho ingrati
tude of her patient, foil upon her friend,
killed It, tore It to pieces, nnd, burying
half of It for future consumption, de
voured tho rest. Nineteenth Century.
TRICK IN BALANCING.
After n Few Trials It Can lie Mnntered
by Anyone Whom; llimil la
If you want to amuse some young
persons, get a decanter, a plate, a ladlo
and a skimmer, and then tell them that
you Intend to balance the ladle and the
skimmer In tho manner shown in tho
accompanying picture. Of course, they
will be Incredulous, but, if your hand Is
reasonably steady, you will be able to
do the trick.
First, hang trie skimmer by Its handle
from the edge of the plate and keep it In
position by means of a small wedge
AN AMUSING THICK.
made of cork. Next, take the skimmer
and plato In one hand and lay the edge
of the plate on tho edge of the decanter,
aud then with the other hand connect,
the ladle with tho skimmer and hold
them until you find tho exact position In
which they will balance each other. The
first time you try to do this trick It Is
quite probable that you will fall, and in
that case your audience will be much
amused at seeing skimmer, ladlo and
plate come down with a rush on tho In
nocent decanter. After a few trials,
however, you will become an adept at
tho trick and It will then be your turn to
laugh at those who doubted your abili
ty to perform it. N. Y. Herald.
Cut Una MruiiKe Fuinlly.
Mrs. Leo Kaulfman, who lives near
Lyndon, Kan., has a cat that is rearing
a rather strange family. Some time ago,
whllo Mrs. Kauffninn was In tho yard,
sho heard a squealing and commotion
coming from a largo hole In tho ground
which was closo by. Sho was afraid tc
put her hand in tho hole and investigate
the causo of the sounds, and, when the
men camo from tho fields at noon, she '
called their attention to tho occurrence.
Thoy procured spades and dug Into the
hole, unearthing a mother coon In her
nest with three tiny ones about a day
old. Tho old coon oseapod, aud the little
ones, after being admired for some timo,
wero given to tho cat to devour, which
was licking its chops near by, as if hun
gry for tho llttlo fellows. Tho cat
smelled them, and then begau licking
their llttlo bodies, afterward hunting a
bed for herself, to which sho took the
little coons and adopted them. Ono of.
thtfiu died, but tho other two aro living
and will soon bo larger titan their foster
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