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THE PERRYSBURG, 0., JOURNAL. FRIDAY, MAY 10, 1012.
MMMNMUHUMiar h A Elephant-Hunting by Cave Men. J. Callaert after Stradanus. HE rocont dlaoovorloa of prehistoric designs In a cavo In tho aoutli of Franco confirm tho assertion mndo by modlaovnl wrltora that as sport formed tho subjects of tho carllost designs, tho dlBolpleB of NImrod can rightly claim to havo given tho first lmpulso to nrt. Unfortunately for us, tho old skln-cind sportsman artist who covered tho -walls of his Perlgord envo 'with outllno drawings of his fellow-denizens tho mammoth, tho giant cavo bear and tho rolndeor thoreby securing for hlmsolf undying famo as tho most archaic of all artists, nnd endowing that underground gallery with tho distinction of being tho moat ancient of all nrt repositories, failed to depict his own form dlvlno In con nection with tho trotting mammoth or tho shambling bear. True, tho spirit of self-effacement which this omission bo trays evinces a refroBhlng absonco of tho "personal element" It proves more convincingly than could a library of volumes what an Infinite vista of ages Intervenes between that flint wielding cavo man nnd tho modern, solf-assortlve, press-the-button Bportsman. But stay! Aro wo Judging this instance of pnlacontologlcnl solf-oblltoratlon quite Justly? Was that troglodyte's falluro to leave n slnglo indication as to tho relative position of man and boast really tho result of gen uino diffidence? What evldonco havo wo that UiIb artist of tho Plolstoceno Ago had already emerged from that primoval condition when man was still tho hunted Instead of the hunter? How do wo know that ttio hugo Elephas prlmlgen nus or tho formidable Ursus apeloeua portrayed In that Perl gord Louvro was not hunting him, tho pigmy homunculua? What proof havo wo that these crudo tracings were not drawn with trembling hand nfter a horror-struck retreat ' to his cave, when his senses, which then wero still as keen as those of tho hawk, tho far scenting doer, or tho acutely hearing wolverine, warned him of tho approach of his relentless foe? Indeed, havo wo not ovidenco supporting such doubts In tho shape of a otono hammer found embed ded In the skull of a Megace ros hibernlcus? Had that blow been dealt by a hunter to an nnlmal already down In order to dispatch it, tho prec ious flint tool, which to pro duce had cost such infinite labor, would not havo been left whero Professor Wnu choppe found It untold nges later. What , moro likely than that tho blow wag In- fllcted ns a desperate act of self-defense on tho part of the hard-pushed quarry when tho antlcrcd monster charged down upon him, crushing him to death before he had timo to withdraw his invaluable flint? That bit of bone-encased rock what tragedies of the Stone Ago does it not suggest? But we havo strayed far afield from the real purpose of these lines, which is none elso than to make the reader acquainted with tho llmnlngs of an Infinitely less remote age, but which, as samples of finished drawings of sporting scenes, yet rank among tho oldest wo havo. Florentine of tho Florentines, though Flemish by birth, for ho was born in Bruges in the year 1523, Giovanni della Strada, or to uso his Latin ized nnmc with which bo frequently signed hla work, Joannes Stradanus, had acquired by his apprenticeship to Michael Angelo many of tho fnmous artist's peculiarities and mannerisms, as n glance at Stradanus' prnncing, heavlly-ranned steeds and giant-limbed men discloses. Strada nus was born at a moBt opportune moment, for tho craving for pictorial matter making Itself felt In tho second half of his century was creat ing a demand which far exceeded tho Bupply, and though your Bodes and Tschudia, and even ear lier art critics, insist that this craving helped more than any other circumstance to prostitute art, debasing tho dlvlno inspiration of tho painter to a common craft, It must not bo forgotten that but for men like Stradanus, Theodore do Bry, Hans Bol, the multitudinous Galle family at Ant werp, Collaera, Wlorx, Mnllery, Sadeler and Golt zIub, nn well as the Do Passo family, who all worked with extraordinary energy In turning out "pictures of tho day," our knowledge of the dnily life nnd of occurrences In that tempestuous cen tury would bo nothing Ilko as correct and lntl mato as It Is. What progress, for Instance, art mado In the half-century between 1617 and the year 15G7, when Stradanus drew his one hundred nnd four Venatlones sporting pictures, a glance nt "Thoucrdank," Emperor Maximilian's famous book of adventures, and at the prints appertain ing to the flrst-namrd scries, will show. Both tho designer of tho pictures and the wlelder of tho graver had made giant strides In the Interval, and ns we can seo from reproductions of orlglnnl drawings by Stradanus' hand, many a- master of the elghtenth century would havo done well to itudy the Italianised. Fleming's method and touches. '" The drawings afford amusing evidence of tho widespread ignorance which then prevnlled In connection with certain forms of sport. Perhaps .tho most characteristic In this respect Is tho pic ture of mountain sport viz., tho chaso of the chamois. When 'one first saw the print of this picture nnd one's astonished gazo rested upon tho delineation of tho ngllo mountain beast cnrrylng horns that aro crooked forward Instead of back ward, ono naturally assumed that thla extraordi nary mistake was mado by tho engraver and not by tho artist who drew tho nnlmal, whoso body nnd pose aro in other respects correct. But in this one would have done tho busy Antwerp en gravers an Injustice, tib was disclosed when tho original camo Into one's possession, for there, immortalized by mnstcr hand, pranco about not ono but several chamois with this curious mal formation. In othor rospects, too, Stradanus drew upon his Imagination In concocting this drawing, for he represents tho man of Michael Angolo-Hko limbs strapping stoigoisen, or crampons, to his naked foot, which, of course, was novor done. To turn to another form of sport olephant nnd ostrich hunting StrndanuB in tho former picture drew his quarry of vory under-sized dimensions, a mis take not usually mado olther by him or by othor nrtlsts of Tils ngo, who, an a rule, mngnlfled tho slzo of foreign nnlmal3. Take aB nn instanco our reproduction of an engraving nftor another drawing by tho samo Florontlnn urtist. Hero wo havo elephants which If wo accept tho ordinary human form ns our scale, must havo stood some thing llko eighteen foet high, though probably, ns tho inscription bolpw tolls us that tho man In tho act of hamstringing hla quarry la n troglo dyte or cave-dweller, a raco who wore believed to bo of dwarf Btnturo, tho disproportion Is in tendod to bo as groat as It Is. As an early pic- Ostrich-Hunting. By Stradanus. tho lowlands and in northern Germany. For prac tically all of his drawings were engraved and pub lished in the former country, as wore most oth ers of a similar naturo, with tho exception per haps of those of his pupil, Tempesta, who, living In Homo, and evincing a llko fertility and Indus try, had somo of his drawings engraved by Ital ians. As edition after edition of Stradanus series wero Issued by tho Gnllo brothers of Antwerp, and eagerly bought up, tho clrclo of his admirers In northern Europo grew ever wider; but thoro Is no ovidenco that his work in tho picture-book lino ever becamo very popular In Italy, the country of his ndoption. There his celebrated Naples fres coes, for Don Juan of Austria, and his equally good designs for tapestry for the Medici Grand Duke, enjoyed far moro popularity. Considering tho immenso difficulties of trans portation which then still handicapped all inter national and especially all transalplno intercom munication, it is rather curious that the formid able distance intervening betw een the city on the turo of elephant-hunting ita amusing details, such as tho long file of natives carrying off loads ot dismembered elephant on their heads and shoulders, aro curious enough. Tho picture of tho bear-hunt Is moro true to life, though wo may express somo doubt whether horses could bo got to chargo bears in tho way Stradanus pictures. Our last drawing repre sents the Florentine artist's Ideas of heron-hawking It tells Its tnlo fairly plainly, though, of course, the Inci dents It represents are far too crowded together. It was considered the noblest of all hawking, and though it Is not so long ago that moro than two hundred heronries existed in tho British Isles some of them comprising ns many as a hundred nests with four or flvo eggs in each the sport is now extinct. Mr. Hartlng tells us that In tho last cen tury Mr. Edward C. New como of Norfolk, who was tho last English falconer who kept heron hawks (ho died In 1871), killed In two seasons with his two fa mous hawks, Sultan and Do Huyter, which ho had Im ported from Holland, no fewer than ono hundred and eleven herons. This shows that the royal sport became extinct in England not in consequence of any dearth of herons. In tho Nether lands It Is still kent iid. though tho celebrated Hawk ing club at tho Loo. near Apeldoorn, which Mr. Sm.5 a(B,slBte,d b7.h0 Dl of Leeds and Mr. Stuart Wortley, had formed in the year 1832. was dissolved tho very year it had reached ita majority. One detail In Stradanus' drawing deserves spe cial notico, I. o., tho turned-up heads of tho two herons at which hawks aro about to stop. It Bhows that tho artist fully believed tho legend, sanctioned even by such Into writers as Walter Scott, that tho heron when hard pressed and stooped at by tho hawk will point his beak up wards and thus receive the descending enemy upon ita point, thereby inflicting serious injury Jf not killing him outright According to modern experts this pretty story hns no foundation in fact. It seems extraordinary Hint for centuries artists went on painting incidents which thoy never could havo seen, scores, If not hundreds, of pictures of what was once a favciJto and aristo cratic sport depicting this very occurrence. Stradanus' predilection for portly men and women, ns well as for steeds of tho cart-horso typo, and for unwieldy fat apaulols nnd hounds, betray his Dutch origin, nnd perhaps also n bus-I nessllko deslro to please his principal public In Chamois-Hunting. By Stradanus. AROU CAMP FIRE RDTJiE KISS BROUGHT BACK A LIFE Incident Showing Tenderness of Heart of Martyred President Sccno Worthy of Artist. No story ot Abraham Lincoln so well illustrates tho great tenderness of his heart as that which tolls of tho kiss ho gavo a wounded soldier-hero. In a narrow cot in tho military hos pital at City Point MaJ. Charles H. Houghton was dying. Ho had been in command of Fort Haskell, a strnteglc point In tho rear of Grant's lines, against which all tho fury of Leo's attack was being directed In nn effort to break tho Union Hues. Against MaJ. Houghton, a mere boy of 20 years old, wore pitted the science and strat egic knowledge of Gen. John B. Gor don, of Georgia. Shortly after, at 9 o'clock ono morn ing, tho door at the end of tho ward was opened and Dr. MacDonald, chief surgeon, called: "Attention! Tho President of the United Stntes." Thoso on tho cot3 who had tho strength sat erect; nurses propped othors against pillows. Hands went to pallid foreheads In the military sa lute and weakened hearts heat fast again as In tho doorway appeareoj tho form of tho man who stood for all that thousandB of other men had fought for, died for and would live for. Thero outsldo the door, the sunlight streaming Into tho room over square, gaunt shoulders, stood Abraham Lin coln. Into tho room ho stalked, bend ing his awkward form ungracefully, for tho doorway was low. At cot after cot he paused to speak somo word of cheer. At Houghton's cot tho two men paused. "This Is the man," whispered MacDonald. With a large, uncouth hand tho President motioned for a chair. Si lently a nurso placed ono at the cot's head. Houghton did not know; he could not. As though he were afraid it would clatter and hurt tho sufferer, Lincoln softly placed his "stovepipe" hat of exaggerated fashion on the floor. Gently ns a woman ho took tho wasted, colorless hand In his own sinewy ono of iron strength. Just tho suspicion of a pressure was there, but Houghton opened his eyes. Slow ly, dully he realized who it was be side him. A smllo which had forgotten suffer ing answered the great President's smile of pain. In tones sCft, almost musical, it seemed, tho President spoke to the boy on tho cot, told him how ho had heard of his great deeds, how ho was proud of hl3 fellow coun tryman, how he had saved an army. A few feeble words Houghton spoke In reply. At tho poor, toneless voice tho President winced. The doctor had told him that Houghton would die. Then happened a strango thing. Tho President asked to see tho wound which was taking so noble a life. Surgeons and nurses tried to dls sundo him, but Lincoln Insisted. The horrors of wnr wero for him to bear as well as others, he told them, nnd DOES YOUR BACK ACHE? Bear-Hunting. By Stradanus. Arno and the harbor town on the North Sea did not interfere in a moro discouraging manner be tween artist and engraver. For more than half a century that studio In Florence, of which Stradanus gives us In ono of Ids "arts and crafts" series, caled the Nova Ue porta, a characteristic picture, sems to havo gono on supplying busy hands In distant Antwerp with mateilnl of the most heterogeneous kind. Salnta and devils, popes and emperors, holy legends and scenes from purgatory, wars nnd sieges, Innd bat tles and nnval engagements, royal progresses and peasant fotes, hunting, fishing and fowling scenes galore, tho horses of all nations, the crafts and trades of the civilized world, tho discoveries of Columbus and Vespucci, scientific inventions of tho day, tho working of the silkworm nnd scores of other subjects of tho most diverse nature, were ono and nil depleted with a realism and with a power of imagination that really amazo one. It shows what nn extrnordlnary demand for Illus trations had suddenly sprung up In tho second half of the sixteenth century among tho nations of northern Europe, as they uwoko from tho Intel lectual stupor that had enchained them during mediaeval times. STANLEY'S EXPLOITS No explorer beforo or slnco hnB approached tho harvest that Henry M. Stanley reaped (says a writer in tho New York Sun), nnd no mnn of let ters, soldiers, or scholar has bad such u Blnglo lecture tour as Stanley's greatest. In something llko ten big cltlos ho rocolved $2,000 for his first nppearance. For tho first night In another group of cltlos ho received $1,000 and In still another group $500. Traveling In a special car upon which ho lived In most places, and accompanied by four or flvo gueflts, he ondod tho lour with $04, 000 clear of all expenses. For that first night in Now York a chnrlty paid Stanley's ngent $5,000 nnd the receipts from tho lecluro wero $14,703. On tho other hand Aloxandor Grahnm Bell used to locturo for $25 a night in schoolhouses nnd tho struggling Inventor was glnd enough ot tho foe. Acheo and Twinges Point to Hidden Kidney Troublo, Havo you a lamo back, aching day nnd night? Do you feel a sharp pain, after bonding over? When tho Wdnoyn aeom soro and tho action Irregular, uso Doan's Kldnoy Pills, which havo cured thousands. 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Ohio jj I'leasenrltoto tltoaccntnoare-tyoa Since Teacher Did Not Know. It wns In thq nrlmnry clnsa ot a crndod school In a western city, nnd tho 'dny was tho TiA at Felirunry. "Now, who can tell mo whoso birthday thla lsT asked tho teachor. A llttlo girl nroso timidly. "Well, Margaret, you may tell us," uald tho teacher. "Mlno," was tho unexpected reply. I5vorybooy's Magazine. S Gently as a Woman He Took tho Wasted, Colorless Hand. to him tho wound wns a thing holy TJnndagcs long and stained woro re .noved, and the President saw. "Oh, this war! This awful, awfuj wnr!" ho sobbed. Down the deep lined furrows of th6 homely, kindly faco hot tears burned their way. Slowly, tenderly, tho Presldont leaned over tho pillow. Now tho tears of which ho whb not ashamed cut heavy furrows In It nnd splotched tho whlto sheeth on which they fell. Whllo nurses and surgeons nnd men watched there in the llttlo hospital Abraham Lincoln took tho pullid faco of Houghton between his hands and kissed It, just below tbo damp, tauglcd hair. "My boy," he said brokenly, swal lowing, "you must live. You must live." Tho first gleam of real, warm, throbbing life came Into tho dull eyes, Hqughton, stiffened, with n conscious, elntitic tonslon In tho cot. With a llttlo wan smile bo managed to drag a hand to his foreheud. It wan the nearest he could como to a salute. The awkward form of tho President bent lower and lower to catch tho faint, faint words. "I Intend to, sir," wan what Hough ton said, And ho did. Resinol stops itching instantly HE moment Iteslnol Oint ment touches any Itching skin, tho Itching stops nnd healing begins. With tho aid of Ileslnol Soap, It quickly removes all traces of eczoma, rash, totter, ringworm, pim ples or othor tormenting, un sightly eruption, leaving tho skin clear nnd healthy. 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