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W TUB FWRKYIBITRa JOUKWAE 1.1. 41 ,.' m V fc- GRANGE MI INDORSES BONDS tlrges Ohio Farmers to Prepare for tho Noxt Liberty Loan Drive GRAiESURPLUSALLINVESTED Nation's Saourlttes Best Investment on Earth. Farmers Should Prove Patrlotlo by Buying. BarneBvillo, O. (Special) Louis J. Taber. master of tho Ohio State OrATinn. unren that tho comlnc Llbor ty Loan drlvo bo made tho subject of utility 1b attempting to extort some special discussion and consideration tnlnE from them. Now it ought not to In tho Washington Lincoln Liberty meetings now being held in the vari ous sub-granges throughout the state. Mr. Tabor favors a big farmer Invest ment next drlvo. "Tho noxt Liberty Loan campaign," he says, "will afford the Grange an ex ceptional opportunity to servo patriot ically not only t)ur order, but agri culture, 'the country and civilization at large. Tho motto of the state grange Is 'A bond in every farm homo in Ohio.1 Tho state organization has invested every penny of its surplus in Liberty bonds. Su&granges should follow ita example. "Nor should wo step there. Every patron and overy farmer Bhould be readied. For there Is not a farmer in Ohio but can afford to buy at least one Liberty Bond on tho very easy terms offered. Every one should hold at least one bondT The farmer was not a heavy purchaser in either of the earlier drives. There were reasons justifying this condition then, but there is no adequate excuse for his failure to purchase now, "No class of men have been more criticized than tho farmere, howover unjust this criticism may have been. They will soon have an opportunity to refute these charges, and I am con fident thoy will maintain tho tradi tions of tholr patriotic forefathers by coming nobly to the financial rescue of their oountry. There is no better .or safer investment on earth than a i Liberty Bond. WORK, SAVE, FIGHT. These aro tho three cardinal re- uisltes of tho present condition of .world menace They are tho sur- tmounting beat tudes of our chaotic ;-eB- W ZlmT, t 'our peril. Wo will shirk them only at an overwhelming cost. We must do not only one, but all to win. And win Tfe znusu I i iuao vuMuuuuiui ilu iu ,jjubib; wj ueiiu uiu iuibo iu huuuiibbiuu ,to the will of tho Prussian autocracy; 'to accept peaco torms dlotated by tho (war lords of Germany, would be to i trail in tho dust the highest hopes .of Domocraoy. It would mark the 'Waterloo of Liberty. It might spell i the end. America wants no autocratic dom ination at this late day. The United States baa led the way in world en lightenment and the sowing of the seeds of freedom too long ever to sub mit to tyranny. And German victory would mean that. So we must work to the utmost In our respective lines that tho normal nroductlon may bo maintained and our material needs may bo met fully' and prompuy. We must save, economize, curtail, that homo consumption may bo re duced and our Individual rosourcs be kept to their normal standard. For in doing both wo will have more ito offer our government, directly and ilndlrectly; through personal sacrifice and investment in war securities, And we can trust our boys at the front to do their share of tho fighting; the spirit of freedom will inspire to that. . Work, save, fight and WIN. That's our program. THE SHADOW BEFORE. Remember that story which flashed across the cables some weeks ago about an American sentry having been 'killed by a German night patrol? Evidently thoy surprised and over powered him. Thoy might Just as easi ly have taken him prisoner. Dut they .didn't. Thoy cut his throat from ear to ear! Not a pretty story; not a story com mending tho much vaunted German kultur; not a story calculated to in spire confidence In the kaiser's clos ly following peace proposals. But intensely Illuminating! It was notice, served in tho German way, otwhnt our boys in khaki may oxpect. It was an early Intimation of what tho gore-maddened Hun may bo" ex pected to do if ho over puts his nailed heel and his "mallei! fist upon Ameri can shores. And in thej UBUal Prussian way -it vas done In the dark! God help, America If we fall to bring every rosourco to bear In winning this twar. And God help you and yours if you fail to do your part. Buy a Liberty Bond before It is too lato. Wo MUST strajfo the Hun. A lot of pesslmlstlo propheWare sorely disappointed that the last Liberty Loan failed to "butt tho banks." ' REGULATING IRE PUBLIC UTILITIES EXCOrpts From an Address Of Hon. Beecher W. Walter- mire, Public Utilitios Com missioner of Ohio. Speaking to tho graduating class of tho Y. M. C. A. Law School of Cincin nati, Mr. Waltermlro 'said: "Now, unfortunately, thcro Is a feel ing of hostility In almost overy com munity between tho public and tho utility. It ought not to bo so. Thcro ought to bo tho utmost harmony be tween tho two. Somehow tho publlo have got it into their heads that overy bo so, and I believe that tho publlo regulation of utilities, the making pub- BEECHER W. WALTERMIRE. lie of tho actual standing and con dition and earnings and properties of the utilities, la bringing about a bet ter feeling. There is no more reason why tho public should quarrel with lta utility than why tho hand should quarrel with the foot. Wo cannot get a, , Ufi Then'wn shoula electrlQ w tomorrow nlght overy city and village-and hamlet in the land would bo in darkness. "The legislature or the city council may impede f0r a time, but ultimately tho eternal law of right and wrong Qn(j 0j justice will make the wrong doer pay for his own wrong. You can not get something for nothing by leg islation. Tho samo Is true with the utility and the public. "If the public, by controlling tho ad ministrative or legislative) bodies se cures a rate less than tho utility can afford to furnish Its service for, what will It do? Just what human nature always does. It will furnisb just such service as It can afford at that rate. It will surfer its plant or its enter prise to depreciate. --It will furnish inadequate service and, perchance the community persists In that course, ul timately withdraw from tho field, and" un ,,miM. h it i ..., , tbe pUbiic its service. Neither can afford to do that. We need tho utility, the utility needs us. "The average man wants only what Is fair and right. The troublo is that they aro so easily deceived by some glib longued fellow who flings out half digested facts and figures. Tho aver- age man wants to be right O, I have abundant faith in human nature, and when wo go wrong usually It is bo cause wo do not know. Down yonder In Columbus thcro is a statue of the immortal McKlnloy, and chiseled In tho stone foundation aro these words: ."Let us ever remember that our in- terests lie in concord and not discord. Thnt nnr otnrnnl immlnnnrn WRta rtnt ta the victories of war but in tho vie tories of peace.' THE VALUE OF PUBLIC UTILITIES COMMISSIONS. - i Has tho regulation of utilities by the commissions been successful? Yes, in that it has cut out rebates; it has cut out discrimination; It has cut out unreasonably high rates; it has prevented, almost throughout tho United States now, tho duplication of publlo utilities and the wasto that comes from It. It has given tho pub lic an opportunity to appeal to an au thorltativo tribunal, whonovor they felt that thoy woro not gotting a squaro deal, and It has mado the com panies realize what their real obliga tion is to tho public. If tho state public utilities commis sion had the, power to adjust rates from timo to tlmo to tho needs of tho service, equitable regulation would" bo malntameti to tho great advantage to tho consumer. Unfortunately city and vlHaco cou'n- ells by ordinance frequently fix the-in-como of the service companies arbi trarily for long poriods of years, with out .effort to loarn tho companies'' necessities and without reference to the burdens placed upon them by the slato utilities commission. "An. inadequate return for tho serv ice makes good service Impossible. The loud demand always Is for goou JwrrtMf State Officers Have War Troubles, Too Columbus, Feb. 25. It seems that tho members of oubllo utilities com-' missions and other Jitnto officials aro having their troubles, along with tho corporations thoy aro charged with Acuuiukuii;. tvui' u-uo HifcSii jjuucm uuvu brought with tfnn probloms that weren't really contemplated when some of tho members of regulatory boardn assumed their then attractlvo responsibilities? This is strikingly Bet forth in a statement recently issued by Charles C. Marshall, mombor of tho Public Utilities Commission of Ohio. Tho statement was endorsed prompt ly by tho other two members of tho body. Mr. Marshall said: "Tho public utilities companies aro facing a difficult proposition. In many cnBes their rates for service aro fixed for a period of years, and based upon prices of labor and materials before tho war. Labor" hns gone up and ma- CHARLES C. MARSHALL, Chairman Public Utilities Commission toriah advanced, In some cases moro than a hundred per cent. Tho utility can not pass the increased cost on to the customer as can the merchant or the manufacturer, and many of them aro operating at a loss or reducing the efficiency of their service, in cases where the rates are not fixed they are constantly applying to tho Commission for increases, which, in most 'instances, aro vigorously resist ed by the consumers. "All of these applications for increas es aro carefully examined by the Com mission and only such advances aro allowed as seem to be imperative. "It is not to the best interest of either the public or the utility that rates bo fixed which will bankrupt tho company or compel it to furnish a poor service. "Wo are" doing the best we can to deal with this difficult question in these troubleoouK 'r-es, and we be lieve that if the puulic knew all the facts, there would be less criticism. I take It the public wants to be fair; but do not want To bo Imposed upon." LET'S HAVE A SHOW-DOWN - Columbus, Feb. 25. Telephone, traction, light and heat corporations should turn their cards face up. Thej are .quasi, public institutions and when they are secretive as other kinds of orporatlona properly may be they create suspicion in the public mind, of which demagogues take ad vantage to secure local o'Jlce, and if elected make good their piomlses to reduce :ervice rates,' although the peo ple want service continuously reliable rather than cheap. A rate which was fair w hen fixed for a term of yeais ono or five years ago is ruinous now, for coal, which is the largest cost item for-traction, factory power and electric lighting has doubled in cost, while copper, used for transmitting power and dialogues has trebled In cost and tho average wage has Increased 50 per cent. The American public surely Is will ing-to' give any corporation which will tnkc.lt into confidence, a rate that will furnish money enough for expenses, heU6rruentB and interest on canitul. .... ... u t.t .....,., rnmmlniSOn to which confession can bej made. i 'DON'T WASTE "GAS MOTHER EARTH QUIT MAKING IT MANY YEARS AGO. Columbus, Feb. 24. A strange sit uation has developed In tho natural gas ludustry in this state, A bltua lion that is exceedingly serious. There aro sdVeral natural gas com panies in Ohio that today can only furnlKh GO per cent of tho amount of gas calculated upon when their fran chise was secured. Inasmuch us most rates under franchise limitations voie fixed on a basis of quantity of con sumption. It follows thatta decrcutic of 40 por cent in tho amount of produc tion available means a corresponding cut In calculated profits. Natural gas nt 35 or 40 cents as 'comnarcd with artificial gas at J1.25 gives an idea of ino .average uinerenco in me cos, ot production. Natural gas is twice as hot as the artificial kind. Just what the gas using communi ties aro going to discover as a remedy for tho condition which is now hero and gotting worso is a great problem. DO NOT WASTE THE GAS. Ono county in Iowa has more tele phones than all of rural Germany, with its slate-owneov stagnated, un enterprising telephone system. THRIFT STA1 If you buy of only one book of 16 (with a few cents added) for a certificate worth $5.00 in 1923, you are saving money at the rate of $10.00 a months Good investment, isn't it? And a patriotic habit besides for every single Thrift Stamp is a little added momentum behind the one great common desire to shorten this war. ..THIS. ADVERTISEMENT PAID FOR AND The Citizens Banking Ex - Governor Campbell On Public Service Columbus, Feb. 25. Ex-Governor James E. Campbell, speaking of tho conditions from which public service corporations now are suffering, said: "The power to regulate a gas, tele phone, electric light or street railway company in tho Interest of the public. Involves also tho obligation to protect the company and those who have In vested their brains and their money in ita development. "A statement along-theso lines mado by a member of tho Public Utilities Commission c. Ohio was called to my attention and it struck mo as signifi cant of the changed and changing at titudo of officials toward public cor porations. It also struck mo as a very sensible observation. "Price Increase in raw materials which compel corresponding advances for tho finished- manufactured pro ducts, leaves tho public sorvlco cor poratlon naked and helpless. Tho JAMES E. CAMPBELL. I Inelastic regulatory laws, born Id other years, and under vastly different conditions are responsible for tho uvi Justico now suffered by publlo sorr ice concerns. "If tho law of 1900 had arbitrarily, fixed the price of shoes and tho con ditions of 1013 had caused an lncreaso In tho prlco of leather of threo or four hundred per cent It would obviously result In" tho bankruptcy of all shoo manufacturers unless tho law weroro pealed and tho prlco list changed." "Old laws that fixed gas rates, for ln stance, aro now handicapping every effort on tho part of publlo officials to savo utilities concerns from finan cial disaster and tho public thoy servo from tho greater disaster which must of necessity follow tholr abandon ment "This is ono of the serious questions beforo tho American publlo today,"- uFoundino of Moscow. It was on the slto of tho Kremlin, now tho center of tho city, that Mos cow was founded by Yuri Dolgorukl, I'rlnco of Kiev, In 1147, although hls torlnns bpllcvo n vlllngo existed on tho heights nbovo tho IUver Moskov even before the advent of Dolgorukl, Within-a century tho new vlllngo entered into the turmoil of Slavic wars then raging. Are You Buying EVERY DAY? 25c Thrift Stamps at the rate a day,, and exchanged each Thrift Stamps are for sale at the by all-mail carriers and most stores. Ii l URT LATER Armenians Choose Girl First, Take Chance on Love. American Principal of School In Tur key Receives Letter Requesting Any Ono of Three. Armenian mnrrlnges are always ar ranged, the questioni of love not en tering, writes Hester Donaldson Jenk ins In World Outlook. I remember when the principal of an American school said" to ono of- her teachers who was contemplating mntrlmony: "I hate to have you go, but I should not mind so much If you loved him," that tho Armenian drew herself up Indignantly; she would not bo so un mnldenly as to lovo a man before mar riage. An Armenian man generally picks out his own wife, one whom he has seen and approved. But he does not court her; Instead he goes to her pa rents and makes very careful Inquiries as to her health, disposition and housewifery, after which he bargains keenly for her dot. Without a dot an Armenian girl mny-scarcely marry. The, American principal of a school for ArmtnlH? girls In Turkey received a great matty applications for wives from tho Armenian men of the neigh borhood. Once she received a letter which read something like this: "Your Nobleness: "Mademoiselle: I wish to marry one of the girls in your school. Will you get me little Aznlf, her of the curly braids and strong eyebrows? Or If you cannot obtain her for me, then I will take Marian, with the big, black eyes and the shining teeth; or if I cannot have her, I wish Zarroohee, with the straight features and white skin. Bufdo not offer me any other, for I lovo only these three." In tho same school occurred tho unlquo experience of Schnorrlg. Dlk ran had como to her father and bar gained for her. When she wns told of her Impending marriage she was sulky and sad, for "she had read Eng lish books and did not wish to bo sold to a husband like a bale of rugs. But she left school and let her mother prepnro her trousseau. At tho formal betrothal she and Dlknn met for tho first tlmo When the priest put tho question whether she wns willing to be betrothed to this man she shocked nil tho relatives assembled In festive array by a bold "No." The priest argued with her, and tho Irnto father would probably havo forced her by pushing her head for ward had not Dlkan declared that ho liked her spirit and would not havo her forced to take him. So the party broke up in tears and lamentations. But tho two young people met each other a good deal that winter, natu rally tnklng an Interest In each other, so tho story ends with a happy mar riage after a real American courtship. The Real Reason. An Illlnol3 worann wanted a dlvorco because her husband snored ant' talked In his sleep, He's probably one f those exasperating hushunds who talks in his sleep 'Just enough to arouse hci curiosity, but not enough to tell her whoro'lio has been WEI 00 postoffice, at DONATED BY " Company ARE YOU PAYING FOR UNBURNED GAS? Natural gas men arc odd. It Is unusual for producers to strlvo to lessen tho consumption of the com modity they sell by teaching custom ers to uso less of It. Tho ordinary In stinct of business prompts to effort to lncreaso output, but theso operators who sell gas, which comes out of tho ground into their pipes under its own power, are teaching home owners to uso less gas by telling them how to reduce tho quantity paid for, without reducing the heat secured, by rocltlng the following facts: "Flames at tho side of a vessel waste gas. "A noisy fire is wasting gas. "The moat effective flame from the common burner in heaters with tho usual two-ounce pressure is bluo and four inches high. "In a yellow fringe aro atoms of gas escaping unconsumed. "Watch the damper! Perfect com bustion of gas depends upon giving it the amount of air it needs for chemi cal union. "Clean out -the screen, mixer and vent In light burners frequently. Burn, ers for heating should be cleaned by boiling with soap or washing soda." Possibly, tho natural gas men are Insisting upon economical use of It be cause no moro gas can bo formed In Mother Earth's bowels and they wish to postpone the day when tho supply is exhausted and their plants are old iron, buried. One Ohio distributing plant pays taxes on $90,000,000. i Theso distributing systems, when natural gas falls, might be used for artificial gas, but Ohio does not pro duce gas making coal, and, too, arti ficial gas is but half as hot at twice the cost WILL OTHER 8YSTEMS BE WRECKED? The federal government found the railroads starving and took them ovor. In every section of tho land today the i gas and electric and telephone and-. olectrlo railway lines aro starving. They aro financially anemic, eco nomically palo; they can't sell bonds nor stock to keep-up their equipment becauso they can't make money at curront rates in sufficient quantity to mako their stocks and bonds at tractive purchases. Literally thousands of public utility corporations today are facing bank ruptcy. Propositions looking toward their relief havo been mado and tho BolBhovtkl are protesting. Almost tho entire signal corps of the army was taken from the experts of tho telephone companies; others must bo educated to fill their placoa. How Butcherp Sharpened Knives. In the sepulchers at Thebes, Egypt, butchers are represented as sharpening their knives on n round bnr of metal at tached to their aprons, which from its blue color Is supposed to bo lion. 8uggestlve Title. "China r-'rom Within," a new book rxlvcrltscd. may have bpa written by one of those old-time side-chow fakers who" nto cups and cauccrs nnd dinner jilntcs for tho edification of a gaping crowd of yokels.- Seattle I ost-Intelll-.concor. y, i.hii'I. jiM vy n )! .'VT '" s-"r ' 1 if V i.& &fcAri . -,r. X A J WWi'ifc v !. i 1'