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'V rrt - rct.'fvi Miii v-ite" 1 ' ,J nl h ?( -w vrpvftififiiFffl t -N 1 'Vi v-l v I) ' rvi n i r il (f r 4' ?i i 0 l U !;. , i 1 11, 'J T'- '"a i j'? KEEPING LAND RICH SECRETS EXPERIMENT STATION EXPERT8 EXPLAIN WHAT TREATMENT SOIL NEEDS Clay Field Plowed Soon. After Rain It Injured for Years. i Experts nro digging Information out ot tho ground and furnishing It to tbo citizens of tho country who depend upon tho land for a livelihood. Just as tho farmer is "learning to plow deep" and is applying this rule even to clay, ho must ho shown that ho must uso caro or ho will spoil , his land says tho Illustrated World maga zine. The experiment station of tho University of Wisconsin, working with its own farms In various parts of tho state, has been telling what treatment is good and what Is had in rcgaid to dlffeicnt soils. The state presents so many different kinds ot soil that almost every type may. ho examined. Clay must ho plowed deeply hut gradually. Tho oiganlc matter and bafctoria necessary to plant growth are only on l ho but face of this ltlnd of soil, and it they ate bur ied deep In plowing, tho h.nd will l.o ferently injured. As to clay sovornl truths mo ex pounded by the men who have tri'd out Gvcrvthinn that science has at its command. In tho first place, sucli Eoil should ho cleared with the aid of dynamite. Surfaco drainage and even tile drainago is important be cause too much moisture Is worse than not enough. Clover and peas should ho grown occasionally and sometimes turned under to provide humus for tho soil, and as with other soils, crop rotation is important, with a four or five year program. Plow a field of clay too soon after a rain and it Is injured for years to come. Tho great lumps, soon bake to the consistency of bricks and thrco or four years of cultivation are nec essary before the soil of the field will return to normal. With marsh soils, drainage of course. Is all important, hut the chem ical composition of the land is al most as much so: Such ground usu ally has a great supply of nitrogen r-ut lacks tho components, phosphoius nnd potassium, which should bo sup plied by commercial fertilizers. Barnyard manure has the required elements, but as it also contains ni trogen, economy can bo practiced by saving it for upland pastures If they, too, form some pait of the farm. Ju;t tho opposite from'iho clay, mnrsh land need3 heavy rolling for best pro duction and when it is properly han dled, tho black soil will produce corn, potatoes, hay, buckwheat, etc., In great quantities. Tho acidity of such ground need not tether the farmer usually if he has properly fertilized It, though in ex treme instances it is advisable to neu tralize the acid nature by a thin layer of limestone spread upon the so'l be fore ploKving. ( Sandy soil presents problems of how to make it hold moisture anO of how to prevent blowing. Long nsir row fields In grass and cultivated crops alternately, will save stands ot farm produce which would otherwise bo ruined. Vegetable matter should bo added to them to aid in water hold ing and to prorido for additional fer tility. As sand has only one third to ono half the fertility of clay loams, It must bo watched carefully and crops rotated to produce results comparable with thoso from other soils. Ease of putting sandy -- undor cultivation is its saving, grace with tho addition of nianuro as needed such fields be come almost as valuablo as other kinds. Of course in addition to general maxims, the expei intent stations gtvo bpeclfic advice and the farmer who is served by them can havo his soil j.nalysed nnd his crops planned for him. Perhaps this, is tbo best way of attacking high food prices. KEYS MAY BECOME RELIC OF PAST SOON . I Locks Operated by Buttons Are In vented by Cleveland Man Who ' Would Give Burfllar'3 Art Black Eye Finding tho keyhole after a night out will become a lost nrt, tho bur glar's tratlo wjII bo revolutionized aud keys will' bo classed as curios of ho past with tho adoption of the dovico of whiclf Charles L. Kaps, bookkeeper ct Cleveland is tho inventor. Mr. Kaps has just been "granted patent rights. His invention Is a key less lock. It is u'lpck' operated by push buttons. , AH you have to do is to remember your combination and push the but tons tbo proper number of times aud the lock responds as it by mngic. Tho inventor' claims the devico works more promptly than a key and that the system is much safer be cause of, the great variety ot combin ations that may bo used. If the wlfo alone at homo becomes suddenly suspicious that a house breaker may havo learned the com bination, by a simple adjustment she may cutwiKO av oiu cuiuuiuauon. i Inventor Kaps say) the device will be especially well suited to lockers, safes, vaults .and safety deposit boxes. JUST A PRETTV ROMANCE r . W Mil III Ml IU HI! II WW AWMWUwSmm V'-&to&tttZ4ti&& r , LT. HAROLD AMAVFORTH nef'M IS, BRfDE Lieutenant Harold A. Mnyforth. of Springfield. .Muss., an lust an tioiniL-cd nis marriage to Miss Mabel Nancy Watts. Lieutenant Muyfortu met his wife at tho University of Vermont, from which both were graduated In the class of 1915.- They will make their home In Springfield. .Mass., where he will resume his work as travelling nudltor for the risk Rubber Company. As an observer with the American expeditionary forces, Lleutennnt Mny forth participated In the great offensives in the St. Mllilel salient nnd In tbo Meuse-Argonne region. He entered the army In September, lDi'i. gwduatlng as an observer from Fort Sill, Okla., and later receiving addltiona training In France. . I If Wl I Household Hinty -1 SAVING STEPS FOR MOTHER Teach each member of the family to turn their colored or black hose i inside out before putting in laundry. They can be washed without strain jng or preparing special water, as j no lint remains on the outside and it saves mother from turning a bunch of stockings on wash day. ( Have a laundry bag for each mem ber of the family, requesting each to I put all soiled lnundry in its place and not leave around for mother to I pick up. Teach the children to turn their bedding back upon arising in the morning, to put all their things away and leave the dressing table tidy. At noon they can make up the bed and the room is neat. Take a small table, put casters on and nail some little strips around ths top, to prevent dishes slipping off, and allow the children to clear the dining table. Stack the dishes on this wheel table and push it to the kitchen. They will think it fun. Where the 'family is large, use paper towels. . No matter if a child' is small, it can be taught to hang up its own garments, on low Hooks provided for it, and it can also help to keep the house clean, by just a little training. Among their toys, don't forget to give them a fly swatter, and as soon as they are large enough, toach them to swat every fly they see. THE TABLE New Salmon Dish Take one can, salmon, pick out all bonefe, retaining . the liquid; beat five or six eggs( ac j cording to number to be served), add j salt and pepper, mix eggs and sal mon together, one-fourth cup of sweet cream (milk will do). Have a good-sized lump of butter in frying Dail'..jyhen hot turn in salmon and' PROTEIN FOODS WHICH i J ismmmmmammmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmii Fiiiiil Portjons Supplying Equal Amounts of Protein. 1 Egg; 1 GIuss of Milk, VA Ounces of Edible Portion of Meat; 1 Ounce t pf' Cheese; XYv Ounces of Cottage Cheese. Be Sure Your Diet Contains Meat br Meat Substitutes. Complete Protein Foods Necessary in AH Balanced Meals Select Tljose Within Your Purse Quart of Milk a Day Necessary for Every Child. In planning meals and when buy Imr Hunnllcfl. it is well to think of thp following fonda as In n class by 'themselves: Milk, eggs, cheese of nil kinds, meats (excepting salt pork aiHl bacon), poultry, fish, nnd sen rOIHI. 4 'JIL'HU Itlimn Oiu Kllilitii i" gcthor because they provido what Is n'ov called adequate or complete prd toln or protein combinations. Tho term "adequate" or "complete" is used in connection with thes'e pro teins because of their important re latlou to (ho proteins of the body. jM eggs, stir till it is set and flaky, place on platter garnished with parsley. An onion chopped fine makes a pleasing change for this dish. Quick Noodles Break an egg into a bowl; don't beat; stir in as much flour as you can a.id drop a little at a time in the boiling soup, then sim mer or put in fireless cooker about thirty minutes. A fine thickening for soups, if not cooked too fast. The little noodles are very light and tasty. Orange Salad Cut oranges in half, remove pulp and cut in small slices, mixed with white grapes cut in halves and seeded and a few nut meats. Fill orange shells with mix ture and serve with dressing. Economical Cookies Two cups granulated sugar, one cup lard or shortening, one cup sour milk, one teaspoon baking soda dissolved in hot water, one cup finely cut raisins, grated rind of one lemon, one-fourth teaspoon nutmeg. Stiffen with flour so that dough, may be easily rolled out. Cut with cookie cutter. Bake in moderate hot oven until light brown. Cheap Dark Cake Ono cup brown sugar, one tablespoon (heaping) of lard, one-half teaspoon cinnamon, a little nutmeg, pinch of allspice, a little -salt; mix, then add one cup sour milk, one teaspoon soda. Bake in slow oven. Chocolate Icinc Take about fif teen chocolate drops. Set in oven and, when inelted, stir well, then add one tablespoon hot water, after which it is ready for the cake. Steam Pudding One egg, one cup molasses, noe and one-half cups flour, one cup boiling water, one tea spoon soda, one teaspoon each of ginger and cinnamon. Sauce: One cup pulverized sugar, one-half cup butter; beat very light, then add two eggs and beat until creamy. ARE WITHIN YOURPURSE .iilMrWWWWBMBWg IProtein is an essential part of all the tissues of tho body, including the muscles, the blood and tho organs, The material out of which hody pro tein is mado is constantly chang ing. It is sometimes said that tho muscles nnd other tissues of the hotly "wear out" and nro In constant need of "repair." This is' not an apt des cription of what really takes place, for it suggests periods of disorder In tho body (followed by periods of strength and well-being. As n mat ter of Tact, tho process by which body ' Our Greater .Buffalo, $5.95 Silk Poplin Skirts $3.95 TAKB Women's A Feature of $t07J! For ladies' and misses' fi 7C IO,'D line all-wool Poplin Z i,0 line all-wool Poplin Suits, black and col ors. Formerly sold at $29.5(1. Inarming m m Included in this Sale are Value up to $35s $12.95 $14.75 $22.75 Hundreds of beautiful Dresses of fine French Serge, Snlin Taffeta, Silk, Salin nnd Georgette combinations, Wool Jersey, new straight line skirt styles, in a goodly assortment of colors nnd sizes. January Fur Sale 20 Off .0 t i Choice of Our Entire Stock at 20 Less Than Regular Prices $12.50 Black """!!" Wolf Muffs 818.05 Taupe or Black j vauuw vun villus 4iVV MICKAEL J. LEO.TOLEDO, proteins hike In new material to re pln.ee the old is u perfectly normal and healthy one which involves no "wear ing out." The process does, how ever, create never-ciulinj; demand for protein materials In the food. USE APPLES FREELY. The only fresh fruit many famil ies In the North have during the cold months is the apple. Differ ent ways of utilizing this kitchen standby are sure of a welcome from the cook. The Department of Agriculture suggests the following ways of serv ing the apple: Fresh apples may be stuffed with .sausage and then 'baked; sliced and fried in fat to serve with meats, or served raw in salads. Canned, dried or stewed apples may be varied greatly by changing the flavors used. Canned apples make a delicious ad dition to custards or suffles, adding a piquant flavor. Canned, dried or fresh ,they form an acceptable basis for Brown Hetty made with crumbs. Fresh or canned, the fruit mny be utilized in short cakes, and in apple sauce. How Photo Players Get Their Applause Mary Fuller flcads Characteristic .Let ters She Has Received from All Over the World. "Applauco?" askn Mary Fuller, tho motion picture slr.r. ''I set the most delightful applauss l(i the world, for it 13 a Iruo delight lo find that one lias friends in every town, every way. Dtallun, every corner of Ihe caith, t..iU to bo nif : with smlliug taccn and eager liolplng aands. It is the sort of up plaus'j Uiat varni:t Die heart, for It Is cinccro and lasllns." "The Letters of Mary Fuller" Is the subject of an unusual article in the tircen Book Magazine. For this article M1&3 Fuller picked out some of the must charactericllc letters she has re ceived from her thousands ot admir ers. "Were I a person of such wide spread Importance and popularity as you Miss Fuller, 1 uallevo 1 would lllia to havo oomeono tell mo 'You are my favorite' " wroto another Ohio 'correspondent, a young man. "1 ad mire you and you you,' ho confessed, "but, In tho 'subject to queen' man ner." From a Kentucky boy, a freshman In college, who wrote, "Miss Fuller, you certainly are an attractive lover,' enrno this verse: "Not lrom the whole wide world I chose theo, Sweetheart of tho land nnd sea! Tho vIdo, wldo world could not en close thee, For thou art tho whole wldo world to me.' Thib worn a little boy In England, who asked Miss Fuller to decide upon Jils career: "I received your photos all right, but you novcr told mo which ;i! to take. I hope you will write (his tmo and tell roe. It dopctuls on you whlcii job I take. It you do not ask Mr. lid! son I am going to bo a wireless opera tor on bo mo Atlantic liner. So vrlto soon co 1 can make my choice. I would rather bo a contractor, but thu cho'.co lies with you.' From St. Louis a youuc woman wrote: "Vcu may laugh-at tliisbut thous'i I never have soon you, I Ju3t lovo you." "Cue has a gaugo on one's popu larltM by tho number of leltera re reived from everywhere," unid jm.hs Fuller, "I know cope of tlio nlvtc. Buying Power Means Lower Clevelnnil, tfilcn, HlnKhnntton, Auburn, urua ltnnlua, JVInprnrn irtolUt, Glen Ftella, UoIumUnn, ti -t 1 n Zb ( ) Ithaca, Ilrle, Kalamaaoo, Xanearine. (,, A VoP ffcT rf MMlU J, !M$l and $2 i 225227 5UMMET DS5g5oTvFg-2farLL.WQ couuTPYf?f LEVATOR TO 2 FLOOJi GARMENTS Take Elevator to Second Floor Garment Department.! Suits at Big Reductions $ Our January Clearance Sale t formerly Dresses at January rrices i w w $10.00 $10.95 Black China Wolf Muffs or Scarfs $35.00 Natural Cat Lynx Sets $15.16 people through letters. My 'fan's' rra all ages nnd sizes and descriptions. I have woo notes from little schoolboy.) and school-girls, written in a wriggling ssrawl, now big and now little, or In tensely correct. (Blesi their hearts!) For instance, a little girl in India iaa written her letter shows the greatest care and labor: "'I, am writing to you because I was so taken with you because of your lovely face and your lovely ways, so 1 made up my mind lo write to you. How on earth hud you the pluck and courage to climb down that building of two hundred feet? You did look funny with your skirts all hitched up, but of course you couldn't have slid down without hitching up your skirt. Aro you really twenty-one? Do answer this letter. Tie weather Is so gloomy, as the rains have begun in India, and it rains every day. Did you really faint J in the Salvation Army otricer "And another this from Liverpool: " 'My chief hobby is oil painting, 6o I havo sent you some samples and I hope you will like them. If you do please writo to me and tell ino so, and If vou don't, please write to me any way. " 'I would like to do something for you. la there anything 1 can do? If does not matter what II is, I will do it. I wish I was acting for a cinema company. 1 would like to jump out of 'Windows, getting Uuuckcd down by motors and climb along telegraph wires. "'Well, I will tell you aythlng you like to know about Liverpool. It la an interesting place. Chief seaport ot tho world, largest; docks, oldest ruins, etc. But there is one thing, and that is that I cannot sec any films about you. '"P. S. This is not supposed to be a !ovo lctlcr.' "Or lettera come from young men wanting my photograph, or autograph ,or lock of, hair. Just witness this: " 'I am looking at your pictures now a3 they stand before mo. How won derful your eyes are; how deep end how alluring. And your lips., in tho ono In which you look like tho Blessed Madeline (God blccs you!) How thoso lips tempt me, call me. Shall 1 ,mnl:o a confession? I looked at thcao Mrs just now, nnd they were so lrro slstiplc, I just closed my eyes, bent over, and yes, you havo guessed it. I know when I was doing It that it was foolish, yet "Then there aro letters from ynuug women who want advlco about going into tho films. And business men who' want to correspond. 1 havo a letter now from a high government official, Just a friendly, well-wishing lctlcr, telling me of a novel ha has sent me by express. And letters from mothers who take their llttlo ones to see mo cyory Saturday, and grand fathers, "ailing me their 'girl,' "Ono iidmlrcr in Shanghai, China, wants my autograph. Quite a flock of requests como from Australia, New Zealand and South Africa for por traits, and from many film friends in the British Isles, on the Continent, and in Canada. Several letters have come from South America. And hero Is ono ardent fellow off in Rangoon, Burma, with reams of glowing appre ciation and really wonderful Ideas rather lltoraly translated which glvo his letter a poetic flavor. He must have the soul of a poet. lie calls me his Goddess of Light and says my com (Ing Is like the trumpeting of the an gels. A Spanish youth In Cornell wants mn in vlalt litm. nnrl lila mntlint- nn their plantation. And a little girl In a Jersey town assures me of a rlda' in her pony cart if I will visit her. One admirer hi Brooklyn has written me not less than twice a week, some times eery day, for several months. A? Schenectady, F STL Blouses t DLPTS TC7U OC 70C For smart Tailored rfJ Suits of men's wear serdc and wool nonlir II. -v sold al $;S5.UU. w. a $15.96 $28.00 s OHIO'VWWV trying to persuade mo to vlplt her. Tho manager of a cinema in Now South Wales sends mo u picture of his sister, taken in her wedding gown, and tells mo how popular my pictures aro there. "From Sydney, tn admirer wrote: 'You are truly appreciated by the Aus trailian puhl-.- Although thousands of miles divide us, you aro just as pop ular here as in your own country. Uvcn tho children have their favorites and they all like pretty Mnry Fuller.' "Aud yet they say the photoplayer has no applause." i INVENTOR3 OTILL l ' CMAGE THIS MYTH "Perpctucl Motion" Goal Patent Of- fice Thinks It Has Found Way to Stop Them. Hvcry now and then someone ap pears witli a new perpetual motion machine. Needless to say, no such machine has ever withstood tlio tests, but inventors persist in trying just the same. Accounts of several attempts to solve the "perpetual" problem have been printed and there aro many which never got before the public. The United States patent office conies into contact every year with thousands of these evidences of human Ingenuity and hope. Application for a patent costs a fee, which cannot bo recovered It' tho pat ent is not granted. It. In to save the expenditure of thoso fees, which amount to thousands of dollars' an nually, that the Commissioner of Pat ents has made a benevolent ruling. Reputable patent attorneys usually toll the inventor that he is wasting bis money in making application! but ex perience lias sliowti that it is general ly Impossible to convmce an inventor that his schemes are impracticable, so that many an attorney, sometimes 'against Ifis will, is compelled to pre pare specifications and claims which rclalo to an Invention that Is inopera tive, i In the post. It has been the practice of the patent office to demand a work ing model from th elnventor of perpet ual motion machines. The man who cannot ho convinced by an attorney that his machino Is Inoporatlvo is not likely to bo discouraged by such re quirements. Tho result is that many an inventor spenda hundreds and per haps thousands of hard-earned dollars In trying to build an operative perpet ual motion model. Now tho commissioner in order tq sparo the Inventor the necessity ot parting with at least tho government fees for an application, has decided that hereafter no application for a pat ent on a porpetuul motion machine will be considered at all unless a work ing model Is llled in tho very first place. The wort-lag of tho commissioner' ruling is cf. folio 's: "Tho views of the United States pateut office are in ac cord with those of the scientists who. have investigated this subject and aro to the effect that such devices are. physical Impossibilities. The position ot tho office can be rebutted only by the exhibition of a working model. When an application is forwarded to the examiner for consideration, h will make no examination as to the, merits, but his tlrst action will be the requirement that a working model be filed." It's lovo Hut makes the pcistman go around w,lth a lot of slly letters. .Openings sometimes como to men aud oydturd when least expected.' When m, fellow lolls you all bis troubles ho becomes one of yours. It doesn't pay to bunko a womau whose only iuui is a gift of gab. Selling Prices ' ' 4" a. Jk ...in. j If ".jtySrL ka. ,? t,3C. u Jk j ii i r J v. ,-y