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PAYS TRIBUTE TO "OUR GREAT AMERICAN"
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Various Methods Used In Turning
Out Spurious Money By Criminal
Adepts. Look Like The
THE LAND OF
EVERY ISLAND HAD ONCE ITS
OWN DISTINCTIVE DRESS
HEAD OF THEODORE ROOSEVW-T
tti VlMCENZO MISEREND1NO"
A. desire to pay tribute to the memory of "our great American, who
was also the greatest citizen of the world," Inspired VIncenzo Mlserendlno,
the Italian sculptor, to model the head of Theodore Roosevelt which now la
being exhibited in New York. VIncenzo Mlserendlno was born In Italy In
1876. He stndled at the Academy of Fine Arts at Palermo under the direc
tion of Sclutl, the Italian painter, and from that institution was graduated
with special mention for painting. Later he took np sculpture In Borne.
His works Include "New Justice," "Contemplation," "Love," "Lusty Amer
ica," "Soul of Music," "The League of Nations," "The Hand of Justice"
. and "The Triumph of Life."
EUROPE NEEDS AMERICAN FOODSTUFFS, BUT EXCHANGE
RATES AND WANT OF CREDIT STILL BAR WAY FARM
LOAN ACT AFFIRMED.
(Business Feature Service.)
Europe still needs American food
stuffs In large quantities, despite de
clining imports and n larger produc
tion the world over, as reported by the
International Institute of Agriculture,
than the five-year average, excepting
oats and wheat. Foreign exchange
rates continue demoralized and, to
gether with the delay in extending
credit, bar the way to exports com
mensurate with exports of the past
year. The Edge bill, while opopsed in
some quarters as giving large export
corporations an opportunity to govern
and depress food prices in their own
interests, nevertheless has made pro
gress In the House, following its pass
age by the Senate. It remains a ques
tion who will supply the three and
ynenalf tons of cereals Italy is report'
to need during the next year.
The packers' earnings during the
past six months of their fiscal year
were hit by falling export trade. In
some measure the packers shnretl the
loss occasioned by declining prices
with the farmer, If Involuntarily. Now
word comes that credit arrangements
are made almost dally to finance Ger
man purchase of hog products. Pro
visions have shown greater strength
owing to improved export trade in
meats, lard, greases and tallow. The
packers ' large stocks, accumulated
abroad with a view to shipment Into
Germany after the armistice, have
been reduced. Whether the big mar
ket will show continued firmness, or
will merely rally and react, remains
to be seen.
The probable effect of the Ontario
(OanA farmers' recent political suc
cess upon their broader state and na
tional participation in politics during
the reconstruction period, both in the
United States and the Dominion, has
been much discussed. Doubtless it
will lend some Impetus. At the same
time It may "infuse existing, and per
haps opposing, political factious with
new energy and result in the creation
of a progressive and constructive pro
gram commensurate with present
needs. .No vitally important issues,
contested bjr the different parties,
were at stake In Ontario, and the
farmers' movement therefore does not
represent the assertion of a single
Class interest, but rather simmers
down to a question of efficient admin
istration. Constitutionality of the Federal
Farm Loan Act has been affirmed in
a Kansas City court, under the per
suasive influence of such noted legal
talent as Charles E. Hughes, William
G. McAdoo, and George Wlckersham,
who declared that Congress has the
right to raise and appropriate money
for the systematic support of agricul
ture and may grant immunity from
taxation when it sees fit; and that
without exemption of land bank se
curities from taxation these banks
probably could not exist.
The House of Representatives has
passed, and the Senate will consider,
legislation permitting the use of farm
bank loans to discharge any form of
indebtedness; authorizing loan com
mittees to have farms appraised by
others, instead of performing this
work themselves, and providing for
the borrower's automatic admission to
association membership when his loan
is granted, and for simpler methods of
repaying part of a loan. Loans now
obtainable may be npplied only to in
debtedness incurred for land, improve
ments, and equipment. The amend
ments are expected to increase the
popularity and usefulness of the farm
loan banks and result In a very con
siderable extension of credit to agri
Various arc the methods and de
vices used by those in the upper
circles of the criminal world who
specialize in the making of the
"queer." In turning out spurious paper
money there are four principal
methods in use, one of which i
usually employed to the exclusion!
of the others by individual bands of
A wav much in favor it to engrave
by hand a steel plate of the note to
be imitated, and to print the bill
direct from the plate. So skillful
are some of the men who have dont
such work that sometimes the
money they made has circulated for
months before being discovered to
Another method is to copy every
line and thread in the government
note in ink on paper such as that
U3ed the genuine money. Even
experts have occasionally been un
able to declare such bills spurious
until they had examined them with
the aid of a microscope.
Paper money, like checks, is some
times raised in purchasing power by
careful erasures and additions. Bills
are doubled in value by such man
ipulations and are usually passed on
without nflch difficulty to the un
The fourth method that of en
graving a false note from a photo
graph of a genuine one is, perhaps;
more often heard of than the others,
but because such money is lacking
in a -tain roughness of surface it
is comparatively easy to detect
Speaking broadly, spurious com
are made in one or two ways. One
Is to cast the coin, and the other is
to stamp the cold metal In using
the former a mold is first made
from lent coin and then the coun
terfeit is cast from that. The
stamping method, in which a die is
cut or cast by hand and the counter
feit then stamped, is more accurate
than t" t molding prc:ess.
Sometimes coins of foreign coun
tries, that are ligh.er in weight hut
almost the same in size as our own
coins of the same metal, are re
stamped with the United States de
signs for money of their approximate
dimensions. A powerful press will
obliterate all trace of the foreign
stamp and at the same time impress
the new design perfectly. Both
counterfeit and gold and silver coins
may be so well balanced with base
alloys and so treated chemically that
they will rir r true and look, to the
casual 'server, like the real thing.
THE "BUTTER DAMES" IN
MOST REMARKABLE HEAD
DRESS TO MARK RELI
ADVERTISED THE FIRING
OF CHURCH MEMBERS
DAYTON, O. Over the signa
ture of the pastor of a church in
Dayton, Ohio, there recently appear
ed in newspapers in that city un
usual and striking display advertise
ments saying that "because of re
peated violation of the membership
covenant the congregation withdrew
the hand of fellowship" from three
men and three women members,
whose name? H'ere given.
FOR A LIVING
Peeling onions for a living may
not be regarded with favor by many
of us the average housewife would
object to it as being too much of a
"crying" occupation yet there are
more than 500 "peelers" in the east
end of London alone. They are
brought up from childhood in this
occupation, and in many cases
mothers have also been "peelers."
Water is allowed to be used in the
process of onion peeling to protect
their eyes. Spanish onions, so noto
rious for their strong smell, are
rarely used now, those exported
from Italy are found to be more
suitable substitutes, as they are not
nearly so pungent.
The only drawback attached to
this peculiar occupation lies in the
fact that the fingers of the "peelers"
are constantly cold (this being a
winter job) and prevents them doing
their work with greater speed. The
season for onion peeling begins with
the approach of winter and is over
The importance of the onion
peeler to all pickle manufacturers
cannot be overrated, for without
their help we could never be sup
plied with sauces and delicacies for
the dinner table.
207tSUMMIT ST. TOLEDO, OHIO
All that h Newest in
We Cordially Invite
You to Attend
It Is Better To Be Over
cautious Than Careless.'
Don't take for granted that,
your eyesight is perfect any
morethan you take for grant
ed that your teeth are perfect.
Have regular eyesight exam
inations. It will pay you great
ly in the long run.
323 St. Clair Street
Established 1874. Toledo, Ohio
North of Keith's.
The Emblem of Supe
rior Optical Service,
Look (or it ob oar
The laziest of binls is the frog
mouth. He sleeps all aay, and at
night, instead of flying about in
search of food, he sits on a limb and
literally waits for the insects to
come and feed him. He is such a
sound sleeper that you can push him
off his perch with a stick and not
wake him." He inhabits Australia and
the islands of the Indian ocean.
In size the frogmouth resembles
the whipporwill, and gets his name
from his wide mouth, vhich serves
as his insect trap, too laxy to fly for
his food, like other birds, he crawls
along the limb of a tree, opening his
wide mouth and snapping it shut,
catching what flies and gnats come
within his range. At night he
perches with his mate on the roofs
of houses, on fences, 'or stumbs.
Only after the sun goes down does
he show any inclination to mowe
OLD LANDMARK BURNED
An interesting bit of old Edinburg,
dating back about X00U, has been
burned. The destroyed building,
which consisted of a single story
and attic, was one of the landmarks
of the Holyrood area. It was the
old Ye Tree tavern, and stood inside
the bounds of I the Holyrood sanctu
ary for debtors, within which, . in
days of yore, the fugitive was free
from the attention of his creditors.
W. H. Martin, of Dayto.i, O., rises
to lay claim to the champion raiser
of hirstute adornment of th- land.
He defies M. F. Skinner, of Pomona,
Cat., who says his upper lip has been
adorned for hilf a century. The
Dayton man dec'-res his mustach.
has been growing ever since the
Civil War. Until a few ycarasago
i.o .. i a -...., t f it
wager. j.i. ..
Zeeland is a paradise of quaint
costumes. Every, island, almost
every town, once had its own dis
tinctive dress, and many still retain
The butter market at Middelburg
has a pretty setting. The wagons
and chaises roll up to the two gate
ways in endless procession, and the
fair Walcheren dames descend with
much shaking of voluminous skirts
and aprons, much patting of caps
and adjusting of coral necklaces, to
set their baskets of golden butter
and pearly eggs in even rows upon
the long benches within, before trot
ting off to the inevitable shopping.
The product of dairy and chicken
coop belongs exclusively to the
farmers' wives in Zeeland. It is
they who do the selling, they who
spend the earnings. You may find
the men at the grain market; on the
corners where pigs, calves, or sheep
are for sale; in the cafes about the
market square with their fellows,
and upon the days of great cattle
markets very busy, indeed, driving
sure ;d bargains.
The butter m.ket is ready for
business about 1 o'clock. If you
saunter in, then, through the iron
gateway, now standing hospitably
wide to invite buyers, you will find
the front row of benches occupied
around all three sides of the arcade
with closeset rows of heavy baskets,
and the back row by the wall with
a ' hundred or mort rosy farmers'
wives and daughters, dainty as the
proverbial new pin, in glistening
white cax goia spirals, corai necis
laces, many fingerrings, and best
black aprons over the second-best
gown. The very best belongs to
festivals and ' .-mis.
The gay frontispiece and the bare
arms give an air of gayety to the
sombercostume, and the upturned
gold spirits at each temple are fine
hangers fr many broad pearl-tipped
nendants. which auite belie the de
mure primness of the close white
They are not so demure, after all,
these dainty little dames, who trip
so swiftly and lightly from house to
house, from shop to shop, from
booth to booth, in the market place.
They are mischievous and roguish,
despite the somewhat puritanical air
lent by their garb, and quick at re
partee and banter.
A tiny maid of four, a wee laddie
unable to speak plainly, wear pre
cisely the same costume as mother
or father tun, long, oiacK siuris,
white cap, tiny gold spiral, coral
beads, and aprons for one; black
cloth or velvet trousers and jacket,
much adorned with silver buttons,
silver-buckled shoes, and. queer black
hat for the other.
At Ter Goes the butter market is
also ruled by the ladies. It, too, is
held in an inclosure and its gate
opens upon the market place. With
out it, the men are grouped in num
bers, but within the dames reign
supreme. There is no great linden
to cast i'cturesque shadows nor tu
filter the sunshine with touches a
gold pendant l. coral bead now and
then as with living fire. There is
not the same cool, green shadow to
make yellower the golden in ter or
whiter the pearly eggs; but the
mafons :.nd maids who buy and sell
there are far more startling to
Strang. s 'han the Walcheren
Ovar their . jdices gay kercl. -ts
; folded in prescribed and curious
lines, and the caps which cover theit
shapely heads are of lace plaited
into wide-spreading wings. There is
always a small close cap which fits
the heads snugly, disclosing the hair
only at the forehead, where it rolls
back in a tiny smooth puff.
From beneath this cap jut shiny
gold plates, like window mirrors,
secured firmly in place by huge gold
pins. Above this is worn the lace
cap, coming down smooth and
straight to end squarely across the
Vir.niripr for a (Roman) Catholic
woman, gathered or plaited to flare
widely and coquettishly for the
woman whose faith is Calvinistic.
Their fathers or husbands also
mark belief by headdress. The Prot
estant wears his beaver hat with
brim rolled up the entire round, the
(Roman) Catholic turns his down in
front to form a visor.
The navy department boasts "the
only traveling newspaper in the
world." It is called the Navy Re
cruiter, and is written and published
by a party of Great Lakes gobs who
arc touring the middle western
states on a recruiting trip. Material
for the paper is written by the gobs
"between jumps," and printing is done
in the town the gobs happen to be in.
All of the articles published boost
the navy as a permanent career. Leo
Fischer, George Richmond, and
Clark Kinnaird, all formerly of the
Great Lakes Bulletin staff, are the
editors of this wandering journal
FOX AS GIRL'S NECKPIECE
a ,,rtrv. live fox for a neckpiece.
Thus arrayed, Miss Florence
Watres, of San Francisco, Cal., cre
ated no little stir as she strolled
down Powell street
"Foxy" circled his furry body
about the neck of his new mistress,
riding gracefully and apparently with
delight. , ,
The little animal was captured by
Dr. George D. Scott. Miss Vaters
says that the combination pet and
necktie is far better than any other
neckpiece she ever owned.
"Foxyy" keeps quite still when
about my neck;" she said. "He seems
to know thia is what he shoold do.
He answer to his name already."
The shortest horse gets the longest
Most people arc sorry only after it
is too late.
Even the brunette insists on fair
One seldom realizes that he is
wrong until he is found out.
The average man is to be seen
everywhere except in the mirror.
Matrimony is a great institution;
it makes a man forget his other
It takes a genius to get 10 cents'
worth of satisfaction out of a S-ccnt
When the last hyp units dies his
s.itanic majcety will not have a faith
ful servant on earth.
STORM CURES PARALYTIC
BOSTON Frightened by a crash
of thunder and a bolt of lightning
during a storm recently at North
Adams, Mrs. William Paddock of
Jacksonville, Vt., who had been a
paralytic for over a year, jumped
from her chair in the ' ' chen ami
walked across the floor. Since she
s str i a yo r ai;o Mrs. Pad
dock had been a l.elpless cri( . le,
Since the thuudv. storm she ha
a ,ot comp
use of her
BOSTON Something like Mr.
Pickwick's mysterious night flash
flickered over Newton recently. It
bobbed about the sky in the most er
ratic manner and was variosuly
taken by wondering groups on the
streets as a comet, a "shooting star"
or just a freak of nature.
The latter guess was the nearest
because it was just a lantern tied to
a kite's tail by an ingenious boy who
was reversing Franklin's stunt of
taking light from the firmament.
Are You Going?
Why to the Lucas County
Holstein Breeders 1st Annual
Sale at Toledo, Ohio, Thursday,
November 20, 1919 at 10:30 A.M.
Terminal Bldg., Cherry St.
80 HEAD OF GOOD ONES
Several A. R. O. cows in calf to a Grandson of
The King of the Pontiacs. Some cows in valf too,
and some calves by Colony Segis Newman, whose
two nearest Dams average 32.98 pounds butter,
772.6 lbs. milk for 7 days. A good Daughter of Sir
Two fresh cows with Official and semi-official
records and backing. A show cow with a good
record and her son and sister. A 21-pound three)
year old, soon due, a nice lot of daughters of Wau
seona Butter Boy Korndyke, 1st Prize and Cham
pion Bull at the Toledo Fair, 1919.
An extra fine 1 1 months old Bull from a daugh
ter of Spring Farm King Pontiac, second dam, 30
pound daughter of Tidy Abbekerk Prince, and the
Bull is by King of the Sadie Vales, whose three near
est Dams average 40 pounds in 7 days? A heifer
whose 7 nearest Dams average 25 pounds butter, a
3 year old with three 30 pound Dams close up and
due in March to a 35 pound Bull. Lots and lots of
others equally as good. An entire selection of choice
animals. TUBERCULIN TESTED.
For Catalogue write,
Col. D. L. Perry Keith C. Hoover
Columbus, Ohio West Toledo, Ohio
Auctioneer Sales Manager
209-211 Summit Street
Attractive Showing of
Ages 2 to 6 years
Made of White Voile, daintily stitched and em
broidered in colors also frocks of blue or pink
chambray pleated skirt which buttons to a white
waist of Repp cloth embroidered in colors.
MAIL ORDERS SOLICITED.
NEW DESIGNS NOTHING OVER 10 CENTS A ROLL!
Crown 5 & 10 Cent Wall Paper Co.
318 Superior Street TOLEDO, OHIO.
BLACKWELL WELDING COMPANY
11(12 JclfrrBon Avenue
IVK WKI.I1 ALL BIKTAL.8
If u machine purl breaks while
harvesting, don't ntop work to
wend fnr it new part.
nrn motto i
Service and guaranteed work.
Pioneer m Lara-eat WeMlajr
Hume Plmne. Main HO
P. J. Fafcle. Prop. TVLBDO. OHIO
ON SHORT NOT1CH
We will weld any part of brasa,
steel, aluminum, cast Iron, cop
per or bronae.
Campaay la Mat.
Auto Cylinder while you wait
Well rfce. Main IBWt