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TFE GLOBEvHEPtmTlO SUNDAY MOBKQJG, OCTOBER 17, 1886.
Jv tt I I ! : i t ii THE FARM AND GAUDE! AND PICTURES OF A FISH POND THE LEATHER CARP. look Out For tlio Deadly Cattle riague, the. Imported rieuro-I'neuiiioiila Hop Crop October Note lime Fresh Klsll I'lenty an Young Chickens. Something overo year a6o this department,1!; " "e,ot J T gave a few hints on the .object of carp cub ,?nt" f,ho, 7 , , i turn The Intend In f , J,w u .A u " " " nbout 10m hall's, the qual- spreud that it is referred to again. Many of ourTeadcr arc luildiiig fish ponds on their farms. Let others catch on to the wagon and roll ahnad witli it till carp on the farm table sual! bo us common as young chicleus. j A distribution of carp from the govern ment uuls at Washington will be made dur ing Nov ember. Persons w ho apply or write for tliem to Eugene O. Blackford, ft com- luUaoncr, Pulton Market. New York city, will receive, each applicant, twenty fish. . They are free of charge, except that the re ceiver pays for tho can that contains them, I also the express charges. This is a cheap way of laying tho foundation of what can cer- I tahJjr be made a source of profit on the farm. XXaTIIER CARP. There b a common fish in some of our streams and waters, a bony, worthless crea ture that is sometimes called a carp. Don't be misled by that, but get only the German Dim Iia "tnuiititui Vartrtts 'Ilia ml nam la of the cold fish family. There are three siiecies, tho scale, the mirror and the leather. ither The latter b that shown in the illustration. It b called the leather" carp, not because it b tough, but because its skin b soft and scale less. There b a government publication called "Carp and Carp Ponds," which fa also to lw had free for the asking. It b written by C. XV. Smiley. Write for it to the United States fish commissioner's office, Washington, D. C cjlkt POXD. Wherever there b a small natural body of water, it can bo utilized. A pond 100 by 50 feet will be larje enough to supply a family, though one of an acre or two will enable the owner to sell fish. Let willows fringe the banks and pond lilies grow in tho waters. It can be made in pretty ornamental shapes, round, oval or Maltese cross pattern. A run ning stream or swampy ground at the foot of hills ran also be utilized for a uMi pond. The illustration shows a pond of very sim ple construction. In making it, a writer in The Southern Cultivator says that he simply built a dam as high as he wanted it, and saw how far the water would back. Next, he writes: "I then went far enough above and started a ditch to take all the water from around the pond, except enough to supply the pond and keep a small stream running off. In the figure D b the dam; A is a waterway with a wire gauze across it to keep in the fish; B b a ditch running above the head of the pond; U b the feed pipe which may be opened or closed at wilL With thb arrangement high water never affects the pond. Fish eat up "wigglers," and so keep off mosquitoes. Mosquitoes and malaria nro said always to exist together, and it fa quite pos sible the carp will also eat the vegetable germs which are believed to produce malaria. The ponds must have an outlet and an inlet. The outlet should have across the mouth some kind of perforated covering, to prevent the escape of the fish. Wire cloth screens are recommendtd in "carp ponds." Mr. Smiley uses three of these, of different fineness, placed at intervals. The water must be drawn off once or twice a year to get out rubbish, makes and outsiders destructive to carp. Ice ponds may lie well utilized for fish. Ponds should be not less than three feet in depth in their deepest part, says the govern ment rciiort, and they should gradually lessen to a depth of one or two inches, to provide the shoals required for spawning. Small knolls and islands should be removed, as they generally afford harbor fcr the enemies of carp. X&rm Leveling Instrument. Here b a farm leveling instrument which does not cost much. It is neater and more convenient than the home made one we gave some time since. TARM IXVZL. Hitches, drains, terraces and buildings may be located with it and roads graded. Com plete, it embraces level, rod and target. The Hop Crop. The great bulk of hops fa grown In New 1 York, though the yards of the Pacific coast are rapidly becoming important factors. The great interest materially centers now m the yanls of New "iork, and from full returns ceived and reported upon by the department at Washington it appears that in many conn ties, as has been predicted, the crop fa a total adre, and nowhere In the state fa it near a overage. The same story comes from all di rections promising condition and good growth till the middle of June, and from that time forward a series of calamities which have lesultod in the most disastrous failure ever known to growers. The first eemy encountered was tho Aphis, or plant louse, which made its appear ance daring June in unprecedented numbers and severity. The usual remedies for thfa post were tried, but with little apparent effect, and the plant attacked made but sickly progress, following oa me resun. 01 thb attack of plant lice (Aphides) Uiere nas been widespread damage from honey dew. In some yards thb substance has been found in quantities sufficient to produce a miniature shower, blackening the ground beneath the Tines. No section of the state has apparently (jscaoed m attack, and tu soma tho enfeebled cent, damage lias been done the roots of the j I vinos. Accordinc to commercial authorities the crop of tho t.ito last year was from 150,OX) to 175,000 bales of ISO pounds each, of superior I quality, while estimates of the crop of this 1 year raogo from 3,000 to 15,000 bales of very inferior quality. Since tho irreparablo dam age to tlw new crop has become apparent prices have already risen from 5 to 8 1-3 cents to 25 and 30 cents per pound. ity of which will lie simply trash. Thero are 3,000 brewers in tho United States; it b doubted if New York will be able to give each brewer one lnlo of decent hops. The failure b the most complete on record. Tho Pacific const b expected to turn out 45,000 bales of fine hops; these with tho old ones on hand will go a good way towards supplying our home brewers the coming season. Large quantities of English and German hops will find market here If our prices are high." Mr. Joseph XV Fornood, llouckville, If, Y., gives expression to tho following remarks on tho Aphis: Tho causoof the damage b boo, which live on the sap of the vine. They come in the spring in tho shajio of dormant flies; these lay many eggs and in a short time they become lice, which very soon generate with great rapidity and continue to reproduce until something destroys them, or they do as tliey have done this year, starve to death. They suck the sap from tho veins of tho leaf and the vine; their secretion fa tho honey dew that shows itself on the leaf and vines, and seems to stop the circulation of the sap from the root to the top of the vine. Thfa year they came on earlier and much more numer ous than ever before, and have virtually de stroyed the crop. Many thought the fly a new kind this spring, but this b a mistake, as I have noticed them for the last eighteen vears. They generally come from the 20th of May to the 4th of June, but thb year there ' were som0 niPIaints as early as the first of 1 "V" "- -"- ..v.... Fleuro- Pneumonia. Lookout for it. In several parte of the country it fa already raging, notably around Chicago, also in New Jersey. It is the most fatal disease affecting cattle that fa known. Symptoms: Appetite and rumination bo- come irregular and there b dullness, fever and a short cough. In cows the flow of milk j b lessened. I Pleuro-pueuinonia b lung fever. The lungs 1 lecome filled w ith the matter from inilamma- j tion. The symptoms become aggravated as time goes on, and tho animal dies in ten to ' twenty days. This plague b as contagious as ! smalliiox. Wherever it appears among cattle I it b usually good-by herd. Bo on your I guard'. It can be communicated by clothing, by tho wind, by water troughs, or by past ures, etc. Quarantine against it As soon as it appears it b best to butcher all the healthy animals of the herd at once, burning tho bodies of those that die. In many parts of the Union the cattle of in fected herds are seized by official inspectors and slaughtered, the state paying tho owner. The plague was brought to thb country from Eurojie. The cow doctors generally begin with their bollow horn and wolf in the tail tomfoolery w hen called to pleuro pneumonia. The aver age cow doctor fa un ignoramus. Don't let him torturo your cattle. The "hollow horn" business exbts in hb own hollow head. It has littlo in it but superstition. Old Timo War of Keeping Apples. At a recent meeting of the Kentucky State Horticultural society an old member told how forty j ears ago tho farmers used to keep appies fresh and crisp until June. Their mode iva.s to put the fruit up in banks, just as many now save sweet potatoes in the south. At timo of harvest a spot of high, well drained land was selected upon w hich to bank the apples. Here was scooped out a sort of saucer shaped bottom, upon which, after covering with an inch or so of straw, was piled the apples, covering the same with some six or eight inches of straw, and then with enough earth to keep out the frost; not nnfre quently, however, covering the whole with a layer of sods to protect tho same from wash ing. A hole was opened on the south side of the bank during the winter when apples were required, as much fruit taken out as was needed and the hole closed up secure aa be fore. For October. Sow spinach for next spring's use and weed that already up. Sweet potatoes should lie dug as soon as frost touches tho leaves; handle carefully that they may not be bruised or cut ; when dry, place m barrels and store in warm place. Sow grass on winter grain and brush in. sown. Try orchard and 'rye grass, each by itself, sowing clover in the spring. Rye or dinarily b sown later than wheat. It does not matter much, but its season fa longer and the plant b stronger. It will make a crop on poorer land. It should, however, bo in be fore the end of the month. American Agri culturist. Tilings to Do and to Know. Have plenty of dried lima beans to make delicious succotash with the dried and canned sweet corn thfa winter. The New England Farmer says that far mers should sow more red top along with the timothy in their meadows. It has been found that Kentucky blue grass grows well upon the soil of the western plains. Thb fa worth knowing. Iowa has thb year, contrary to all ordinary experience, raised a good crop without either water or whbky. Iowa Register. An Alabama lady says a pint of soft soap stirred into meal and made thin like batter with buttermilk and given to swine will cure hog cholera sure. A portion of the tomato vines, if protected by sheets, or even paper, from the first frosts, will continue to yield for some timo later. American Agriculturist. "Handle" winter celery thb month. Bring I the stalks together with your fingers, hold I them there, and draw some soil up around them. Thb b not banking up that comes a ' little later. Grow a garden, a small fruit orchard, keep a good flock of poulto'i a few head of swine, some good milk cows, a small flock of sheep and be economical, and you will steadily be come better off. Iowa Register. The Preparation of Sealskins. Few people who see a sealskin sacque orwear one have nny knowledge of the ' process by which It Is put on the market in its perfected beanty. I was talking with Lewis Lewis, of Vancotiver'i Island, about the seal Industry, and he ve me some points about the preparation of the skins for use In wearing appareL When first taken from the nnimal they little re semble the warm, glossy and uniform surface which they present npon the -..,. ,,. ., ... i ...i.. .i , Tjntil they arc dyed and cured the skins araoI n light brown color and generally uU oI Mn(L In the process of making ' re-)them Taiua1,ie tho fleshy side is pared ' , d untu lt Js thicker than naner. Tho long hairs are then pulled out nnd the fur is dyed. The cost of the article consists principally in the labor that is expended on the skin. The dying and finishing are nil done in London and have never ben attempted In this country with complete success. New York Tri bune. Peril From Ughtnlng. Dr. Andries estimates that the jieril from lightning fa now from three to five (old greater than it was fifty years ago, owing to too vastly increased electrical intensity in- j duced by the charging of the atmosphere with (team and smoke tt all centers of population. Xcw York Sun. Feat Bog In Dakota. 100-acre peat bog has been dfo- covt red near Ellendale, D. T. The pedt , ues to a dcoth of from seven to ten feet. j lni a kJJ to overlay a surface of ice. New I vv c D PROGRESS. VIEW OF THE NEW AQUEDUCT UNDER HARLEM RIVER. Wire Null Street Kallrlr Curves Des iccating Garbage The Tomato as a Medicine for the Liver The Aqueduct a Great Engineering Work. The aqueduct now being built to increase the w ater supply of New York city is a gat work. It had to contend with dishonest management in the beginning, which marred the perfect carrying on of tho plan. Lives wero sacrificed to the avarice of men who ap parently would not have hesitated to cement the aqueduct's nails with blood. A horrible tale of grinding tho poor and tho helpless to death in connection with tho progress of building b told. That, however, has been changed. Ilarleinriverisnsmallstripof water that passes from the Hudson across to the sound. It is vt bat makes New York an island. It U not properly a river, merely a connection between tho two waterways named. AQUEDUCT CXDEB HAHLEM RIVER. The water supply of New York comes from Croton river, north of the city. It must cross the Harlem. Tho present aqueduct gets to i uwuy Humniroiiuuvua iiiu xufcu, in above the Harlem. Thb b a tremendous piece of engineering. The waterway fa im mediately under the floor of tho bridge and b so large that a boat can lie rowed through it. The new and enlarged supply will pass in a great tunnel under the river. Tho plan of it fa given in the picture. Thus by two aque ducts, one over Harlem river the other under, the vast city will bo fed with water. The supply fa now insufficient and the opening of tho new waterway fa looked forward to anxiously. Tho crossing under the river will bo mode through solid rock 150 feet below the river levcL The water head up at the Croton has been artificially enlarged to feed the new water way. Artificial dams, lakes ar.ila water shed have been constructed, so as to bring all tho adjacent flow together to thfa one outlet. It fa the greatest water works engineering on thb continent. At present the head pressuro in New York city b insufficient to carry water above tho first floor. Every house that b more than two stories has therefore to have a pump in addition to the ordinary water flxtun. Thb worked by steam or other motor, often by fatiguing arm and shoulder practice, conveys tho water up to a tank in the roof , thence it runs into the pities. Wire Nails. The nail business has been revolutionized by thb invention. Instead of being cast in tho old fashion, nails are now made of drawn wire, chopped off, sharpened at the point and flattened into a head. The invention enables the artificer to make a variety of nails suita blo to every purpose. rWfl aqp fVB V . v " V V " l l V s V I V WTBZ XATLS. Barbeil noils that cannot work out may be made. Specimens of these ore seen in the back or brf M brM na an,,,tno for slate roofing and cor finishing. The iron or steel con be prepared in any way in the soft wire beforehand. These nails are greatly superior to tho old fashioned kind. Street ltallway CurTes. The bad effects of the use of circular curves on city railways fa shown in a striking way in Philadelphia, where the cable road on Market street has to make eight right angle turns (four for each track) in passing around tbo public buildings on Broad street. The harm b not only in the sudden development of cen trifugal force in passing from the straight tangent to tho circular arc, but also in the sudden starting and stopping of a moment of rotation a turntable movement as the car runs on and off the curve. In passing around the curve, every car b rotated through ninety degrees at a uniform rate; much as if an en gine on a turntable were suddenly set turn ing, then moved steadily, until it as suddenly stopped. It b manifest that great strains ore caused by such violent changes of motion, not only on the cars, but on the cables as well; and it would be worth while to go to much trouble and expense in the construction of parabolic curves in tho beginning, to save wear and tear in the long run. liorso cars feel the bad effects of circular curves less than the cable cars, because the velocity of the former can be odiusted to the occasion bv mod drivinc-: while the latter movo stemlilv and rapidly, without any allowance for the strain on tho cars, and the stretch of the cable that the curves produce. It fa curious that so antiquated a device as the circular curve should survive in a construction in olving so much special and ingenious arrangement as a cable road. Science. The Tomato. Medically considered there con bo no doubt that, while we cannot expect its health-im- Parting properties to cure all the ilfa that ucu " uc" "" ev ,u -""" UP"" ) ""' b attended with beneficial results, since analyfats and members of the medical pro fession have said that tho fruit b exceedingly wholesome, and used freely, either raw w cooked, must of necessity do a vast amount of good. Besides all thb it b admitted tLat it does act in a stimulating manner upon the liver, and if for no other reason than thfa it becomes invaluable as an article of diet and especially so in hot seasons when the liver fa more inclined to become sluggfah. Another Pln w"e in this line of thought which hould not be overlooked fa thb, it fa easy, very easy, of digestion, and may therefore be freely portal en of even by invalids without hindrance or fear. Cure for Diarrhea. Chronic diarrhea is said to be speedily controlled in many cases by a saturated solution of common salt In cider vinegar, the dose being n teaspoonful three or four times a day. The chief priest at ranaalne to Edwin Arnold: Life will condense, by means of death, into its essence. Your wise men are not wise aj sjieiis. cicu ikjiu vi o d.-.it.j. There fa a sixth sense the chitta, tho mind. It is that which truly sees, bears, smells, tastes and touches; not tho organs. When eye and ear and nostrils and tonguoand limbs are laid aside, the master sense becomes all the more free and opened. It fa in thb as j with the chemical elements. To-day they jal I" seem 10 ue raau v mas-uiji up mv ui n un u aftcr it will appear that all can be concen- traUM into one wnica ukcs many lurtus. j A New Fliemostatlc. Dr. Gpaal:, in Tlie Journal de Bruxelles, de scribes a haemostatic which he accidentally discovered and which he has ued for some Months. It consists of 2 parte chloroform I and 100 parts water, and presents tho follow- i lug advantages: 1 1. It acts with remarkable promptness. 2. It has not the least unpleasant taste. 3. It has no escharotic action. 4. It b always to bo had, and costs almost nothing. ' 6. It has no unpleasantness in its action, and does not disturb the operation. In all operations in the cavity of the mouth and neck a simple washing out with thb remedy b sufficient to stop the hemorrhage from tho larger vesseb in an instant. A Hatting Machine. A basting machine that b said to bo able to do the work of fifteen girls b being tried in a large clothing house, in Boston, and tho em ployes of tho hou'W, both girb and men, nro considerably excited thereby. The opposition to thb lalr saving machine fa likely to de velop into a strike. Facts of Intererest. The Himalaya mountains con be seen "H miles away. Electricity has been used in England to drivo a threshing machine. Wine of superior quality has been made from the native sour orange. The Russian railway in tho direction of central Asia has been opened beyond Merv. A high hill at Chimapia, in Mexico, was lately split completely in two by an earth quake. A hypodermic injection of nitro-glycerino will often revive persons in whom lifo seems extinct. A beautifully carved reindeer's horn fa the latest relic of prehistoric man found in the caves of France. Professor Hughes, F. R. 8., fa of opinion that a ribbon instead of a rod of metal fa the best lightning rod. Tho pursuit of scientific investigation as an occupation will unfortunately not gain a liv ing for a man in America. Mr. Henry Crookes, of London, England, lias invented a tell-tale paint for showing when a hearing b growing hot. A landslide that recently occurred in Gun nison county, Colorado, was so extensive that it was mistaken for an earthquake. The famous little Stiletto, the fastest steamer afloat, it b said will be bought by the government for a torjiedo boat. Paper shoes nro now made in England with success. They are made of papier mache, and answer in all respects the purposes of leather. And now they say that tho anarchists can get a few pounds of dynamite, take it up In a balloon, let it fall and wifely destroy whole armies and cities. The value of the pig Iron produced in thb country last year was $73,000,000, a sum nearly as great as the combined value of tho gold and silver products. The French government fa experimenting with a new explosive of tremendous force, superior to gun cotton. It fa to"be used in bombs, and will not go off by spontaneous ignition. In Scotland inoculation for pleuro-pneu-monia has been performed on cattle with goal success. The operation was performed on tho lower Joint of the tail. Why that was necessary fa not plain, especially as the ani mals thereby lostiart of their tails. In experiments at Berlin n new description of shell, charged with rolls of gun cotton, b reported to have produced such extraordinary destructive effects that no kind of defensive works can be expected to resist it. It will go through wood, iron and earthworks. The discovery has been bought up by the govern ment, and the inventor put under bonds never to reveal it. WHAT SHALL WE WEAR? Shawl Dresses. Shawl dresses me among the novelties sent i out by French tailors. These have a thick ! fringe and a wide border of contrasting color ! to tho main part of the shawl, as gray on I blue, red, or black, and thb border forms tbo trimming. For instance, the corsage fa made with a surplice drapery from tho right shoulder to tho left side of tho waist, and the border forms this fulness; two rows of the border are down the fronts of the long drapery, with tho fringe drooping between, and another border extends up tho back in the Bedouin drapery which hooks on the cor sage back. Velvet collar and deep velvet cuil3 complete the dress. Fattern Bonnets. A bonnet for evening receptions, dressy I theatre and concert going, etc., fa shown in Fig.L Fio. 1. Fio. 2. It b a flower bonnet, that b to say, covered with small close flowers all over. These may be pansies, iolets, daisies, 0 any of the small, compact blossoms. Coronet front of jetted lieads; tulle gracefully looped on the front and top with a jetted aigrette as finish. Fig. 2. Thb cute little capote or chapeau has tho crown covered with gold and blue brocade; the front finbhed with folds and loops of dork blue velvet; on top loops of ribbon, flowers and pompon. ltound Hats and Foke llonneU. There is such variety in round hats that many young ladies will use them altogether, abandoning the more matronly looking bon nets. For nioraing and for general wear with checked cloth suits there are Enghsh turbans of felt with the brim rolled high and 1 nearly covered by a binding of braid or of repjied ribbon, while the half high crown has three milliner's folds of plain velvet around , it, and in front high loops of beaded velvet or of striped plush, with wings, hearts, birds, aigrettes, or pompons set in tno loops. In stead of thfa felt hat a toque may be made of the cloth of the dress (or of the long ulster ! with which it fa worn) laid in soft folds from front to back, being very high In front, so j that it requires no trimming. Some velvet fa , carelessly twbted around tho edgo to serve as. a brim. Clever amateur milliners ask the j tailor for a piece of cloth left over from their I winter suit or cloak, and make thb toque at home, buying a net frame with soft crown that may be crushed to suit the fancy of th wearer, and with a stiff band that fits the I1 head, coming well down upon it. More dressy toques are made in tho same way of velvet that may be plain or beaded, or in hair line stripes of red on blue, or Suede on brown, or pink on green. For plain vel- I vet toques there are Gobelin embroideries of , many colors in scarfs that are twisted around 1 the crown and put in loops in front, with an aigrette and pompons. A small flat muff of the velvet and embroidery accomptnies such toques. Pheasant feather toques and turbans are also shown, mode quite slender and almost oval in shape, with wings put on to form a closely 'umed-up bnm. I Very small pokes, with the pointed and cut front, are shown for still more dressy toilets for young ladies. Somo of these are mads 1 entirely of the tip ends of ostrich feathers, others are of velvet, or of the fancy plushes, I with ribbon loops for their trimmings. Har- I pej's Baiar. TJntrlmmctl Hat- and Xtonnet Shapes, We have here three popular winter shapes. Fig. 8, on the left, fa an odd but pretty shaped bonnet. The puffed crown fa of beaded stock inet, tho turncd-up brim faced with rough figured velvet. WW Fio. 3. Fio. 4. Fio. 5. The small capote bonnet at tho top. Fig. 4, ' fa of plaited felt strips in tobacco shades, in imitation of the coarso straws which have I been so popular during the past summer. The turlian on tho right, Fig. 5, with the turned up brim bos tho crown of black stockinet and the brim faced with figured plush. Tho Tournure. The rumors still reach us from over the sea j that tho bouffant arrangement of dress now so long in fashion is gradually to diminish until tho ample pouf s of my lady's gown are to almost totally disappear, and she to stand bef ore tho eyes of tho world of fashion in a figure and outline grown "beautifully less." In short, tho severe undraped clinging style, it b said, b just about to prevail once again. It seems a pity that fashion knows so few- "happy mediums," and that to lie suc cessful, la mode deem it necessary to rush away from tho very extremity of I one extreme to tho remotest verge of the other for success m her "mission." There fa, however, in theso hitter days one great merit in her whims. She makes it on easy matter for a woman not blessed with an over plethoric purse, but gifted with a natural taste and ingenuity, to rot herself in gar ments that will successfully pass muster even In the first ranks of society; for when she puts the stamp of her approval upon gowns of serge, of muslin, veiling, and a host of other beautiful but inexpensive fabrics, she makes it possible for tho grand army of women of moderate means to become things of beauty, if not "joys forever." FAshlonable Table Linen. Luxury with regard to table linen increases from day to day. When not embroidered or trimmed with lace it fa ornamented either in the middle or the comer with exquisitely de signed initio! letterf, beautifully worked by hand. Tho place for thb marking b fixed in accordance with the pattern. Table linen j with a small pattern should always lie marked in the corner. In somo damask sets a medal lion fa woven for tho monogram or crest to ' bo worked in. The newest idea In embroidery 1 for very handsome table linen consists in sub j stituting a small human figure for the mono- gram. But since largo restaurants and hotels j are vying with each other in tho art of nnp l kin folding, familie" have rather returned to ! simplicity. If a pieceof bread b to bo placed , in the folds of tbo dinner napkin tho latter fa I folded like n ocket sometimes like a port i folio, with initials uppermost. Thb only serves for napkins marked in the center, those 1 marked in the corner being, in accordance with the newest taste, only quite simply fold ed two or three times and laid straight on tho plate. The Season. Cuft Fins. New advocates for favor in form of cuff pins nro fashioned after the old models, which of late years havo figured in stock under name of "baby pins," becauso used for the purposo of keeping in place infants' bibs and little peoples' collars. The chief difference bctwten the new and old cuff pins fa that the former fa bent a littlo so as to present a slightly con vex surface that fits the curve of arm and sleeve. All gold cuff pins ore in the show cases of leading houses thb fall; some are j.f.nc.1 enmn avn flnicliral In an.tn.l taml I kuoscu, ovi.iu ... w uiiuui.A( ... vh.ii n., 04114 T .tl.A m nv. tr1vi nf tnnt..1 rf..n at.. ..nnA pattern. The jewelers display them, not only in the styles described, but set with diamonds and rubies. The fact that the cuff pin, like the old bar pin, b a utihty affair, serves equally well for lace, bonnet and rib bon ornaments, when not required for con fining tho cuffs in place, b a big argument in its favor. Jeweler's Circular. The New Flowing Sleeve. The new open sleeves reach just below the elbow, fit easily at the top, havo but one seam (that inside the arm), and slope open to about three-eighths of a yard in width at the lower end. The upper half fa gathered in to the under side about the elbow, giving a diagonal effect when stripes are used. For striped sleeves, as in tho dress just described, a velvet ruffle about four inches wide b shaped to trim the edge, and fa lined with the striped silk. The lining or facing of such sleeves fa an im portant part, as it shows plainly next the arm and b always made of one of tbo materials of the dress; for instance, a green velvet dinner dress has pointed flowing sleeves without a ruffle, but faced deeply with old rose brocaded satin on which are green velvet leaves. Lflco ruffles appear again in such sleeves, made of point d'esprit or of Alencon or Valenciennes lace four or five inches deep, and thb lace alone covers tho upper part of the wrists, where tho sleeve fa sloped shorter to make a pointed effect below. FASH10NLETS. Thb b to be a woolen season for gowns. Puffs are again appearing In the hair dressers' windows. ChantiUy lace, but not Spanish, may be worn in second mourning. The tailor-made gowns, made of fabrics much used for gentlemen's garments, have small buttons and plenty of them, the color of tho cloth. Tho new waterproof cloaks are things of beauty. They are very different from the ugly old black garments that did not even have tbo excuse of usefulness for being, for they did not turn rain in a heavy shower. But the new one) really da They are light as gossamers, tax But they are rather TTiensive a.- et. The Dug It Was That Died. Ctica Pre,s.l Yesterday a novel death certificate was Fut on record at Registrar Bagg s office, t read as follows: i Died Aug. 6, 183o; Name Rollo; Occupation Pet dog; Residence 31 Cot tage street; Naltviw American; Color Partly colored; Duration of illness One month; Cause of death Tumor; Physi cian -W. T. Hollingworth. D. V. S. An undertaker was employed in the case, and a burial permit given. The re mains were taken to Holland l'atent for Interment, and the proper transportation permit, signed by the health ofllccr of the city, was givca Advantage of Country Xife. The ndvautnc-Q of country life to nhvsi- 1 cal development is shown by Galton, who ' has found that English country boys of 14 years average an Inch and a quarter more In height, and seven pounds moro 1 in weight, than city boys of the same age Arkansaw Traveler. The World's Business. Tho world's business must be done by men of genuine manhood and a lofty spirit, or it will be done with hitches and botches. The masters of industries must bo masters of themselves, of ideas, nnd of human sympathies Church Review. Splitting a Mountain l'eak. A most astonishing phenomenon of tho Jnpaneso earthquake was tho splitting of Papamlayang mountain. In a flash of timo It split into seven parts. Where the lone mountain had stood loomed tip seven peaks each some 7,000 feet high. YOUNG FOLKS' COLUMN. THE MELANCHOLY STORY OF A GREAT EMPEROR'S SON. Two I.lttlo Vlrtims or a Ualil-IIeaded Man's Joke The Fretty IUy who wan to lie, but Never Was, Emperor Napo leon II. Napoleon the great thought if be had only a son to rule after him that ho would found a mighty empire that would be ruled over by tho Bonaparte family for ages. There would be a Napoleon I, Napoleon II, Napoleon III, Napoleon IV, and so on until perhaps thero would be as many as there hod been King Louises in France, as many as six teen and more. At length in the year 1811 a son was born to tho Empuus Maria Louisa, Napoleon's wife. Thennfo soldier emperor thought ho was very happy. But suddenly wars broko out again. His empire had been built by war and by war it fell to pieces. It melted away hke fairy frost figures. Tha littlo prince was called, for a title, the king of Rome. When he was a year old hb father set out with a great army to fight Russia. Then the empress had the little boy's portrait painted. He was a very beautiful child, as you see by tho picture here. It was made by a famous French painter named Gerard. The beautiful portrait had painted upon it tho decorations, ribtious and stars that indi cated the titles tho great emperor meant for hb son. It looked odd to see such things upon a baby a year old. The likeness was sent to Napoleon, and he got it just before a battle. He tenderly loved the child, who, in deed, seems to lw the only creature he ever did care much for. But the warriors star went down. When the king of Romo was 4 years old it sunk to rise no more. Napoleon became an exile at St. Helena. Tho empress went back to her father, tho emperor of Austria, taking ber son with her, and hb father never saw him any more. In Austria tbo boy who was to in herit a great crown, and bo the emperor Napoleon II, was not even allowed to keep hb own name. He had been called after hb father, but the Austrian ruler hated the namo of Napoleon Bonaparte so much that he never allowed it to lie mentioned. To the boy was given the namo of Franz von Relchstadk SArOLKON'S sos. Bo tho child who was to have boon such great thing3 never had any titlo or empire or fortune or anything else. Ho was a kind of harger on at tho court of hb grandfather, and nobody cared much for him or showed him any particular respect. Ho who had been so beautiful a child became a pale, serious youth, with not very good health. Ho was melancholy, rather. He could not forget ho was tho great Napoleon' son, and that he was quite helpless to do any thing worthy of tho name. He did not know what to do with himself, and that, perhaps, was tbo reason he did not live long. He said of himself once: "3Iy birth and my death that fa my whole history." Ono would think, with all the work thero is to do in tho world, that he might have found some way to bo of use, but ho did not. Ho died at Schonbrunn, one of the Austrian royal palaces, near Vienna, when he was 2L Nobody seemed to caro. TWO LITTLE SIMPLETONS. Two little sisters were Bessie ami Slay, The sweetest of sweet littlo girls. Their faces perhaps no great beauty could boast. But With bad the lorebest curb. One day an old gentleman called on mamma An fDtimate friend, who had brought For hb two little pets, two beautiful dolls, Which he in the city had bought. "Oh ! Oh T' exclaimed Bessie, "how lovely they are 1 Oh! dearilr. Spring, you're so good! I wish that we two could give something to you." And said May, "How I wish that we could I And old Mr. Spring, who was fond of a joke. Said slyly, "Look here. little girls. Just see my poor head; it's as bald as your hand; Come, why cant you give me your curbt" And after he'd laughed at thetr look of dismay. He turned to mamma, ami forgot What he'd said to the two little darlings In play; But the two Lttld darlings did not. "Why. children, what under the run r They crept to the nursery the nurse was away. But a great pair of scissors was there ; They climbed on two chairs which they pushed to the glass. And gazed on their beautiful hair. Then clip went the scissors and off went the curls; Then, who ever saw such a sight? With hair all cut jagged. In some places bald. Each child was a terrible fright. While the floor was all strewn with the beautiful hair. Mixed together, the gold and the brown. Then, each little girl having chosen her own. To the parlor they both hurried down. Mamma gave a scream when shosaw them ap pear. "Why, children! What under the sun!" And old Mr. Spring looked aghast when he saw The mischief his joking had done. Our Little Men and Women. n. Three si a tuabuflle tripb. ringbathe wno Tb wellcm chinsers no etn drescutle steer, Dan, morf a breake lull fo cresthi syde, Gourpfn wen rylog no eth mutnau dowos, Nad gathbin at rawm ghht eth lard pile uscold. St. Nicholas. A little girl was sitting at a table opposite a gentleman with a waxed mustache. After gazing at him for several moments, sho ex claimed: "My kittr has got smellers, too!" The Crate for Stamp Collecting. As nearly as can be ascertained, tw onty-five years havo elapsed since tho first modest be ginnings of tho universal craze for collecting canceled postage stamps. How large the business of dealers in tins article cos grown I fa evident from the fact that a single house in I Nuremberg disposed last year of 23,000,000 t .a nn.. liw....! fciauipa. 'inn uiittuu Fashionable Penmanship. Angular writing b now ery fashionable with ladies whoso epistolary efforts consist of Invitations and their replies. If you receive a particularly square-shouldered, two-wqrds-to-a-line note, be happy. It fa tho latest style, and can be read at forty paces without glasses, -Boston PusU xUgT CisTSIond.t'o'nintjrs, Oli-elnuatl iwd I riienapolis BMlmiT. dHEAT CENTRAL TRF5X B0TJTB. Estwses tat BAST AJSJJ WKBT. rhrourb ears, with eenaeetloas In Union Prim Only direct line tU. C1ct1uI, Bofislo ssd ! tr Falls to Now York and New England. Direct connections .'cr all Southern, Boo thwart mind Vcitern point, either br wit ot ClneJ at,,lBd!i!iitKluorBt.IG!s. Wit Tims, Nr . Equipment. and runnlr.r through the mart pot) Itr part of the eoaotry- posse Ming rrerr stfj anos for speed scd 00c fort knows to be Mrnf slile. Tha Feit Boid-ted and I'll Barest Boaili tt West. TlrreU by HsU popular rout lorn: t all rernlir ticket o9cs. A. J. SMITH, OftaersI Fufesrrr Agsnt. nTUnd,0ki C. C. C. & I. BAILTTaY. Tnlni Lsiti Of if lilt. Nlrht Kxnreta lS0am . Y. A Boston Kxpret ,,, . ': a a ClncJn Ml&w.y.WitIJne.-o-f0pin Clevrmnlfas:iJnf.. . ISOpsz InlllLMtiGjiij EttU. Mldnlrbt Express jSasa Sp.n8Jlel.'i,5-cl?cin3Q'M Aceom- ft:40ara BrrtuirfleIdcinMnnst Exrr.t S:U)a Llnelnnutf mil IniliBn.Mii. t ,.ua-. r;..r-. -- -J-v... " Aouau uuijiuKii r aai urp M 1 supra Boumern iupresr . tup 13 . ! 20m Tnlll IrrfTft 1S Cm IS micnignt Krpress. --.-.-a. . -i m, Dmrtnn unit ftrr A-.. N. y, 4 Boston Expreaa, Cleveland Fn! T.ir-. Mil . Sprlntfleld Aooom . , tiVpm t, xipa .Mpra Cln.AN ina. Tnlu IrrtTi fna lui. Night Kxprtsa. . nam 8.00 am 1-20 SB - , 6 UVA WU. lUi. Gincraiii.il fast Line.. -ou'juigni irrflna.. . . 4S0D1 .-""wimmtpMwuaiwMi nuininjwi Train" t:avlnjr at fcSO a. ra. nas through sleeping car to Boston and 5tw York irttk. oat ebanr Thotra'nleavirgatS-SObRi sleeper to Syn cuie.councctiuKwuh parlor car to New York. Train leaving tjpuugfisjd at 9-JO p zu baa lper to New York without cfcacge. All trains run by Central tftardejd TIB which Is 2i ralnates slower than Sprlntlold tint, Oao. H. Xsianr. TIekel Aunt a rods Desot. - - . ., B. & W. ROUTE. THE GREAT THROUGH ROUTE BETWEEN THE EAST WEST, HDHTH AND SOUTH (EM I o o o o o o kncrniH-ii mi T o o o o o o PcEFj " i-w V lU,nui tAUKMtt. QTHRQUGH PASSENGER THAIIS9 U JXAJLY EIA.CII -W.A.-Y, U Oith Elegant Xew Style WOODRUFF SLEEPERS And Combination Sleepert and Reclining Chair Cars on Night Trains and Elegant .Modern Day Coaches on DarTralns. Steel Kails, Miller Platforms and Couplers. Air Urates and Modern Improvements. Shortest and most desirable route between the East and Wost- Through tickets and baggage Checks to Principal Points. Is the Most Desirable Koute t the OX2JEaT TvTEST Being the Only Route running Coaches tbruugh to Kansas City Without Change The arrangement of the cars being suehthtt Passengers by this Koute virtually secure Trough Coaches to ST. JOSEPH. ATCIIISOX, COUXCIL BLUFFS, ST. PAUL AND MINNEAPOLIS AV1TIIOTJT CIIVIS'GE. PASSENGERS taking seats in the Kansas City Coach alter leaving Peoriacan. without leav ing the train, niuve Into coaches going to any of the above pln. Particular advantages offered to Weitern Emigrants. Land and Tourist Tickets to all points reached by any Hue at low rates. Direct connections are made at Columbus in union depot with trains on the Pan Aandleand Baltimore X UhloKoads for New York. Phila delphia. lUltlmore, Washingtsn and all East ern cities. TheN.Y. P. Jt 0. Is theyaly line rnnninc Pullman sleepers and through coaches between i-iiringBeld and New York, thus enabling all classvs of travel to reach the seaboard without change of cars. I. B. i W. Passenger Trains leave and arrive at bprlngtleld as Sollows : Going West 2:13 am: 11:25 a m ; 5.-00 p m. Arrive from West &US am; 9:15 a m: y JO p m. Going East 2Z3) a m ; VJsi a m ; 5 :3S p m ; 9-AO pm Arrive from East 1:55 a m; 4:50 p m ; 11:15 m ; 7:55 a m. Going North 2:15 am; 10.-05 am; 5:33 a m. Arrive from North 1:15 a m; 9:15 am; 4:40 pm. X. Y. P. & 0. TRAINS LEAVE : Going West 1:11am; 10:35am; 3:13 pm. Going East 2:25am; 10:23am; 9JTp m. OHIO SOUTHERN TRAINS LEAVE: Going South 10:30 a m ; 5:35 p m. Arrive from South 9:50 am; 1:30 p m. C. E. IIi-ndirsox, H. N.BKOXSO.T. Gen. Manager. Gen. Tkt Agent. D. II. ROCHE. WM. HEFFERMAV. Gen Agent. Ticket Agent. - Ohio Southern Division. Trains Arrlva tnm liekua sitiCWuautfvaa C. H SprlngTM ... Tims. TtaM, No. t (eroept Bandar) 5:11 p. m. -.so p. as No.a(X',eptPiin4aT)v10:!n.TC. ifn Tnlu Dsptrt ftrlttksoi ud WuUsftn C Hi SprlngPU X.JL Tlma. Mma. Ho.1 (except Bnndivl ,,, , ll:i5a.p. llhS0a.nl No, 4 (except 8aadT. . S'W p. a. SM .t X. T. F. O. BiHWAI. Trains Arrive. From too East. 2.K. Ttma. 1 41 a. ta. No. S, St. Louis Ex., i2iilr no. 1, us. express uuir.- -10:55 a. rfl. No. S, St. L. Limited Kxpresadauj. :., Trtlu Lttvt (jchtf tut X.X. Tto .1031 s. a l v at S37B.S No. 1, New York Limited dillr.. no. 2 aeoontu oaauon.. No. . Hew York Lxprcss dally- No-12, lioston ex., dillr- .233a.s Trains Arrlva Fran tht Wut s.m. Tina. , 10:3 a.m. , 8:S2p.B. . 9-37 p. a. . 2:25a. at No. i, St. Louis Limited, dillr. No. 2, accoBunodalloa No . N. Y. Express, dallr No. H Lain Tralisgoiig WwU , f B.S. Tlaa, No. S. St. Louis Ex., dally t:41a-a 80. 1, Cincinnati Eiprees, dally, , 10:35 a. a 0.5,31 Louis Limited, dally I:lSp.ra Trains No. 1 and S have sleepers, but no chasga ol ears in either case tr rough to Nev York. No. S bis sleepers through to St. Louis. All tnilns arrive and depart from LB. AW, depot la thli city. Trains run on Central time. For Urketi to all points call on J. D. PuLxaax, Agent; office In Grind Open House THE GREAT PAN HANDLE ROUTE. P., C. X St. I- ltallway, L. 31. Division Springfield Hranch. Departing); No. 1 ) No.tf. No.ll No.7. Lv. FpTld-i 7:10am tS:10am! 10:15am IJOpra Lv.Y.Sp'gsl 7:31am 9HMam ll:Wam 4:51pm Ar.Xenia. 7:55am 9:30am 11:30am 5:15pm. Ar. IMytoni 8iam 12:lm 6:15pm Ar. Col's . .. 10:00am 11:10am 7:10pra Ar. Cinti. ilth30am 2:15pm 2:15pm 7:55pm Ar. Lonlsv-I 9:CPpm 9AJpm D.-OOpm lrtXIara No. 53. mixed train, carries passengers be tween Sprlngfleld and Xenia. Leaves Spring field 5 p.m.. ellow Springs 6:05 p. m arrive at Xenia p. m. No. 10. Local No. 6. Eastern No. 2. Col'm's No. 13 Cinti. Arrive Accora. Express Express Xipr-iS -r- Lv. Loulsv.l 2:30am 7:25am 7:15pm UOpm 2:50pm 2J0pra 7:10pm 5:40pm 6.-05pm 6:30pm Lv. Cinti. 5:30am Ar. Cols , 10:00am Lv.Xenial 5:30am Ar.YJp'gs 6:15am Ar. SpTld-i 7.-00ara :25am 11:10am 9:35am 9:53am 3:10pm Juiopm 10:20am i.wpm No. 43. mixed train, carries passengers be tween Xenia and Springfield. Leaves Xenia at 1130 p. m.: arrive YellowSprlngs at 1:25 o. cuj arrives Springfield at 2:15 p. m. Dally. tlMllT except duai-ij. 1 4 i Mi- ilk " Ml fL A 1 33 e m 3 . .a-- r . . ., , .A fc. .-JS