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Springfield daily republic. (Springfield, O. [Ohio]) 1887-1888, May 26, 1888, Image 6

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87076917/1888-05-26/ed-1/seq-6/

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atissWIefflnMlaleaatfsatlaTaTeM '"' mWMWIMgljasasaafjeleaWaW
1 Se
rraldant'a LetUre and the UU of
sgreitDien TJocle Sam'a Po.tce.
xieail letter Aucllu Postal Cards and
Stamp. l'o.tul avluEa IlnuLa.
Kiecial OomypuDfaaacn.
Wasbisotoi, May H.
ntlmMn in Sena
tor Cockrtlla re
port, tbere arc
mora than 50000
postoaices la It
United State. The
poatofllee Japart
nieut comes caoeer
to the people than
a any other depart
ment at Waahina-
aa, and It Is on of the hijrgest machine fa
TJaoJ Barn's workshop. There an rrerj
year about 30,000,000,000 letters posted In His
worH, aad of three America posts mors tttati
amy ether nation. England posts every year
boat TOO,000,000 letters, and America 8,600,
000.0OB letters, or four letters to every suan,
wossaa sod child tn the country, Tba Jmp
ssteee ars (Teat writers, and they mall srsry
year nearly 100,000,000 letters, and the Jap-
peeumice is an otteaoot of the Aaan-
' Jarn got Its rxwtofflces through a Ban
agned Bryan, who was a dark In tit pee.
He department at Washington, btrt who
wrk sn raornhjrto find himself ont of a
yeattiem. He decided to go to Japaa and to
tecaxurjate the Ameriraa postal service
there. He went, and Ihougfe the foreign
alsmsnt of the country was against hta!, as
Mtaoeeded In truing the Japanese fovera
usxit to make the trial. Mr. Bryan imported
the best of machinery. Ha established pews
flSoss orer the couDtry, and his work was a
-success from the start. He inadeaBJootfahur
st ex it too, and he is now bark at Wash-
aturtoa wnrth a fortune, "toe nest egg of
tas he got in Japan, bat the bulk of it he
xeade in speculation since he returned from
there. He is now making about 1100,009 a
year, is mixed np with many of the now im
entious of the country, and CTerrohlnf ha
caches seems to prosper.
The postofflce department at WahfijtOB
regulates of course the mails of the Coital
sates. It Is a big white marble betiding
wfcleh seems to be turned wrong aide ttxtt,
and which looks more like a pnsua taasm a
workshop. Guards stand at Ms doers, and
yea hare to pass through telegraph orBeas fa
sjotaj into it The city poseoffie af WsibV
mgtoti is entirely separated from tX, and tha.
postal arrangements of the capital are eon
aeeted with it no more than ore those of
Cleveland and New York.
The city postofuce of Washington has as
tug a business as many cities three, four and
fire times its size. It ranks third amass tba
cities of the United States in pasta! business,
and about .0,000 letters pass through it every
day. The president gets an average of nearly
80,000 a day, and by this I mean the crest.
efent and his chief clerks, the cabinet mtaie
. Seventy pr cent of the letters re
wired here are on government business, and
AYashingMn sunds out more letters than the
The Capitol fills a mail car or so every
dayandtbeu they cart tho letters and docu
ments away from the halls of congress by
the wagon load. On some days there are
8,000 sacks sent away, and the speeches oa
the tariff which will be cnt out this aassiea
will fill thousands of sacks.
Congressmen as a rule receive thirty or
forty letters a day, and the mail of soma of
them runs Into the hundreds. Seaie cea-
rraa ovr rosTomcE na-uxsa.
em answer all their letters, aid
t out replies to them on the type writer.
Mass write all their letters thsmsalras, and
IhTw of certain congressmen who get np at
eaWbreak to write letters before breakfast
Yea are more certain of gsttimj aa
traaa a pollticUo, as a rule, than from
aloes friend, and aooDgreesmaa who dees net
Answer his letters rarely gets a second term.
Xbs cancressional mail was increased greatly
when Clevelasd was inaugurated, and bags
"upon bags of office seeking rrmil came in.
These have now dropped off, and the average
Is about tho same as it was during the Re
publican administrations.
"Washington is talking of a new postofflce
huHding, and a fine city postofflce will prob
ably be constructed. At prosent the city
ostofBce is kept in a rented building, aad ft
it cramped and dirty. The mail is carriedin
lraahington in red wagons which look like
aureus vans, and the heaviest mail ef TTssiv
egtrn goes to the postoffice dspartmscs.
'.About s,000 letters a day are received tram
the postmasters of the country by tha post
master gefiiiraL and the mail for the pssaean
kassem rus Into the ilifm-jn. a day. la
writing te the gorernmect is is sarrsr imi
saryte send a stamp for a reply. UsaUCssa
)acye his own postage, and he seeds sw
awsiiiis oct In pjkialty esvelepea. These esv
eelepes have a piece of printint; rm the eer
aer, ssyiag that a heavy fine will be ist-assed
any person o nses thqm far other thasi
sAM business, and when stamps are sent to
tne fo-remmnt they are returned. lathe
yeraa oSre there is a woman clerk whs
eYosa nothing else bat return stamps to the
-stars. Bhe tale them from tlio letters,
i them with a circular, puts thsra la a
penalty envelope and' sends them back.
Tke dead letters that come U. Wsiililngem
adee nseke ae a Wg part of our lasil, sa3
lfcsesn 8.000,000 pieces of dead kMea-a-tar
istsiteJl erery year. Bixtsea thousand
tetters fjxi packages come Into this dead lat
ter effee every day, and it takes 1M clerks to
keaveUe them. It takes eleven clerks ta open
the letters, and they have no right to read
res letters they open. They merely cut open
tk envelope and lay tho letters on a pile for
ethers to read. There is lots of money in
Ibeee letters, and last ear over (31,000 was
fsnad m them. Of this, $6,000 could not be
I smiled to tbe owners, for want of directions,
aad Uncle Ham gets (5,000 or (0,000 in this
wery every year.
Among tbe most curious tilings about the
ymiifflce business at Washington are the
4ad letter auctions. Ever so often the
packages w hich are not claimed or which
eazmot be sent back are catalogued and sold,
nad,about 2,000,000 letter and packages are
scld every year for waste paper. The oao
ton are wry curious. The pieces are pot
np according to catalogue and nro sold to the
hjgbost bidder. The goods sold consist of
ewerything from revolvers and photogrophle
instruments to tJT6 writer ribbons, and tut
?ar tlie articles toia ran inw wio n w.i.
great deal of tobacco was among them, and
numbers of the articles were eidently in
tended for Christmas presents. At the last
ETButaj KS
mat kadflasH 9 W '
ag! tpgjZaj.
JaSaSaSaSaBB "eMlf 1
SaaBBBBBBBaHlS nslnl fVk-
s&ie tne average price otnxuncu was aoouti w
cents a package, and tho total assets of the
sale amounted to a couple thousand dollars.
One of the most iuixi taint improvements
ta the jsjstal service is the parcel post ar
ranSBQxattwbich no now have for Canada
aral llexico. Articles of all kinds are ad
mitted to the math, provided that they are
so pat up that they can be examined by the
customs officers. It is the easiest thing in
the world now to ship parcels from the
United Bute to thee countries, and it is
nrababl that this parcel post will be ex
tended to Central and .South America and-
the West Indies. Our postal business ln
u eases from "year to year, and our postal
eonnectio-iS'iiow embrace nearly the whole
world. We have mail connections with 830,
000,000 people iu tho Universal Tostal union,
and a Later can now bo sent all over the
world for flreieenta.
Bvery steamer that now leaves our ports
carries tons of mail, and it is only five days
from Ban Francisco to Washington, and
about seven days by fast ships from New
York to Lendon.
The postal card system has become a world
wide institution, and you can now send a
Bostal card to England for two rents. Tho
post-office department now orders lis postal
cards by the million, and it will be news to
tbe eountry that the postal cards are made
away from Washington. They are made at
a place near Alliany, and our postage stamps
are made by the American Bank Itote com
pany, of Now York. Tho postmasters order
Manr stamjis through the department at
TYsshtngton, and their orders are sent from
ss-e to the factory. They are filled at the
fasanry, and the goods are sent direct from
there to the postofficcs. Neither stamps nor
aerde arakeyt, in toe bulk at Washington,
ant Unci Sain gets his work of this kind
inn at very low pri oa. It cost seven cents
for 1,000 stamps, and Uncle Sam sells about
a bUUoo stamps a year." We use nearly 400,-
IWU.OOO postal cards a year, and as for tho
postal nojbM, millions of dollars are sent
through the malls by them. In 1831 more
than $7,000,000 worth of postal notes, aver
aging about t3 in valao, were sent through tho
mafia. la 1SS5 $10,000,000 were sent through
the Basils in this way, and the average siso of
the notes was 1.0S. Within the last two
years between 111,000,000 'and (12,000,000 a
year have been transmitted, and the average
amount has been 1 1.8T. The postal note is a
popular way of sending small amounts, and
large amounts go by registered letters as
money orders. Several attempts have been
mails to counterfeit the notes, and a fraud
was lately discovered. It is too small, hove-
ever, to pay for counterfeiting, and it was
originally designed to take the place of frac
tional currency. For three cents anything
less rlian (5 can be sent, and it cost five cents
to sand a money order for a imlli- amount
I am told at the postofflce deportment that
the day will probably come when we will
Save postal savings banks. In Bryan's
portal sretom of Japan such banks were in
stituted, and a number of the foreign coun
trie have such banks. They are very popu
lar ia Bngl-ind, and In 1SS3 one in every nine
peseesat in England and Wales was a cus
tomer ef the postal savings banks. These
banks have been in operational several years,
and tliey have grown in tho amount of money
e3os.ted right along. The amount deposited
in them is somewhere In the vicinity of $200,
00d.e0a,and theyhavo more than 3,000,000
depositors. These banks were inaugurated
by ons of Ht. Gladstone's bills, and a
small interest is paid. A curious thing in
ths pcUtl system of Great Britain is that the
postmasters general can Insure the lives of
tarreoua for sums between (23 and (200.
names has postal savings t"", and a num-
her of onr postmasters general of tho past
have favored their inauguration here. Pcst
susttr General Creswell recommended their
aetabtiAment, and if thevare ever inaugu
rated they wttl undoubtedly receive immense
deposits. Thomas J. Todd.
Vseral Method or Abbreviation.
As a metaed ef abbreviation I would sug
gest the followliut style, which I have found
mj useful. It it simply to write Just
enough of a word usually the first half to
sgjgsst the whole, leaving blank spaces to
STIwp Wu the speaker has come to some
tmlmpcreVrt point Take, for Instance the
following paragraph, which I find In a copy
of Tke Congressional Beoord lying at hand:
"I have no hesitation in saying that I ap
prove heartily of the principles of the bill,
end in so event shall I oppose it, but I would
bstghul to see tbe amendment of the senator
Vjat Fenusylvania adopted."
sww "oatHne" the above as follows:
"Ik sebed I hi th Iapp heart o
) Est ths bfl, A 1 no ev fix I op It,
traf J w b glad to se t amen o t sen
r ree adop ,M
If the reader will take tho trouble count
tke Utters in each of the foregoing para
graphs ho will find that there are twice as
many in the former as in tbe latter, and con
sequently sucu abbreviation would double- a
reporter's ordinary rate of writing. The
eatiines are qulto as full as those of short
hand, and mure suggestive, J. C. iloffett in
The Writer.
Mlijr Ue s Unlet.
Tbw, Tommy." said the teacher, sternly,
"if yea are not a U-tter boy 1 shall certainly
have to pauish J ou. See bow quiet Willie
Tesm," replied Tommy, "no expects to
get a liekln' when he goes home for striking
hM little sister." Tid Bits.
Wor X!eni1fifcence.
Hev weH 1 remember," said Dumley, as
he prodly brandished the sword, "the first
tune that 1 ever drew that once shining
"Where did you draw It, DumleyF in
quired Feathcrly; "tX a rallleP New York
Ti1 i-fP
now no Was First Itroncht Into Promi
nence by the Exertions of Professor
Ward, or Itochester Ills Life on the
Plains and as a Theatrlf al lan.
Special Correspondence.
rtoenxsTER, N, Y., May 21. Sixteen years
ago last January "Buffalo Bill" was a scout
of the western plains. lie was about SO
years old and had never been east of tho Mis
sissippi rher. Ho was a poor man, who
seemed to have found his place in the world
as a hunter, a "crack shot" and a desirable
escort for parties who would set life on the
border of civilization, or rathir beyond it
Gen. Sheridan in those days had no lack
of applications from foreign tourists for some
one, the proper person, to conduct them
safely through a buffalo hunt and a camp
ing out among tho redskins. Happy were
they if Buffalo Bill assumed the responsibil
ity, and perhapi nothing surprised them
more in their strange experience than to find
so true a gentleman, a man so honest, trusty
and high minded, where tho opposite had
hardly been out of the order of things.
Brave, ready, keen, tho perfect confidenco lie
Inspired and never betrayed was not less
than the admiration he was sure to excite
that personal fascination which made the
correspondents of the London press write of
the man as "sitting his prancing white
horse like n centaur," possessing "the courtly
manner of a grandee of old Castile" and as
"fulfilling every requirement for a hero of
romance." The fact that he is a genuine gen
tleman by nature and was such when he sup
ported bts little family at Fort McPherson
by hiBmeagcr earnings, and was a good bus
band and father when the contrary would
hardly have been uncensured, largely ex
plained his wonderful success.
Professor Henry A. Ward, of Rochester,
N. Y., tbe famous natural scientist, had as
much to do with the development of that
success as any one. Perhaps he gave the lin
puLo to the evolution.
It was in January of 18T2 that a grand buf
falo hunt was arranged for the Duke Alexis.
Professor Ward was honored with an invita
tion, which he receUed so Iato he did not
reach the hunting grounds until the hunt
was over. Not a bad thing for him, how
ever, for he found horses and hunters in
plenty for tho scientific ends he had in view.
and then he met Buffalo Bill fur the first
time, and the riflo of the expert hunter was
at once engaged for an expedition in the in
terests of Ward's Natural Science establish
ment Professor Ward's estimate of William F.
Cody has known no decrease from that time
to this. It is the old story of enthusiastic
admiration for Buffalo B11L Cody fold him
of his invitation to visit New York by the
Union dub and the Jeromes, and his reluc
tance to accept Ward urged him to go in
sisted upon it; Cody should go east in hit
company, which changed tho view of the
journey. Finally Cody decided to go, but
Ward most wait until Mrs. Cody could make
a suit of clothing for tho traveler. Mrs.
Cody did her best and as speedily as possible,
and, so arrayed, tbe hunter turned his
face eastward, little thinking he would
return as a scout of the plains no more. He
was surprised at
the attentions he
received on his
journey and in New
York. Everybody,
of course, plied him
with quostions
about Indians and
buffaloes, etc., and
so pleasingly did he
respond that Pro
fessor Ward sug
gested that he
should go before
tho public in New
York, not with a formal lecture, but to ex
plain and illustrate life on the plains. The
character of the man was seen in his declin
ing to do sncli a thing, for the reason that he
found it n ould be questionable for him to im
prove the hospitality tendered him for his
own pecuniary profiL He was the guest of
Professor Ward on his return from the east,
and while at Ward's house Ned Buntline
came along with his play ot "Western Life,"
urging Cody to take part in it with Texas
Jack. That as the beginning of bis life ns
an actor. He brought his family at once to
Rochester, and soon after bought a home
for them hero. The death of his little
boy, Kit Carson, was les3 noted by
tho community generally than it would bo to
day, for "Buffalo Bill" then passed through
our streets like a stranger, unless discovered
and heralded by the small boy. Even now
that ho is famed, and one of the most suc
cessful men of the time, a great majority of
cue itocnesterese are surprised to loam that
his name may be found in tho directories of
ISTi and 1873, if not later "William F.
Cody, actor."
He carried with him when he went to Eng
land on the visit which has been concluded so
successfully several large stuffed buffaloes,
which were prepared at Ward's Natural Sci
ence establishment Possibly it would odd
something to the buffaloes in the collections
of many foreign as well as home museums
if it were known that they were brought
down by the rifle of Buffalo BilL
There is but one opinion concerning the
man by those who know him best The
flower of England's chivalry do well toad
mire him; he is chivalry itself; genuine,
His success in London was the evolution
of hu success on the plains. There -was
nothing phenomenal about it He has earned
it by good, hard, honest work when work
gave him scanty comfort and fetr, if any,
luxuries. 'When he arrived in London with
his Wild West show he must have had some
800 influential friends there, Englislimen of
wealth and position many of them, who re
membered their faithful guido and hunter on
tbe plains. They believed in bim, and so
could believe in his Wild West show, and
were enthusiastic in giving it what ne call
"a good send off." It was hard for 1 h Eng
lish public to believe that it was a private
enterprise and not a national undertaking.
"When had England ever seen an "exhibi
tion" ready for opening on the day sj)ecifled,
complete iu eery essential detail I And
when had it witnessed anything like the
trans;lantii.j of genuine Indians, cowboys,
Mexican -vaqueros, frontier girls and "buck
jumpers" right into London itself! The fact
that the genuine Arapahoes wore "tights" was
not concealed. Tbe absence of pretention
the key note of Cody's cliaracter was the
characteristic of his show in England.
The man's executive ability is wonderful.
Executive ability is one of his peculiar gifts,
and he had a school for its training In
Nebraska. It must be remembered how
much he was associated with army men of a
superior grade and the advantages of his
companionship with cultivated travelers.
That association wa3 an important offset to
comradeship with cowboys and his intimate
acquaintav.ee with roughs and redskins.
From London Cody intended going around
the world with his Wild West show, and
Jerusalem was on tbe list of cities where
Indians, buck jumpers and cowboys were to
give performances, showing how tho Pony
Express carried the news of Abraham Lin
coln's election, and how the Dead wood coach
was often surrounded by redskins, and what
tho massacre of frontier settlers was hke.
What a spectacle all that we-uld liave been
for Asiatics, and ho but a typical American,
a genuine sou of the west, wculd conceive
the ideal
CoL Cody is 40 years old. Sixteen years
ago his wife was bravely doing her best here
in Rochester to save and malo tlirifty ex
penditure of his earnings. 8b remains on
his ranch in Nebraska most of the time,
looking after his business there. He does not
find the reward of his labor in the shouts
that greet his ever- entrance into the ring,
w. r.
nor aoes no wmr nts nearc upon his sleeve,
great as it is. Jake Maiisu Pabieb.
Something About a Well Known West
ern Man.
Special Correspondence.
Cikcjsmati, May Bl. William a Groes
beck is best known in Cincinnati, though he
is well known to the whole o untry. His
father before him was ene of the chief men
of the Queen City n hen there was no town
west of the Alleghanies to dispute the title.
Tbe elder Groesbeck wA to sit in the old
Second Presbyterian church of Cincinnati,
surrounded by his family, when Lyman,
Beecher, the father of the celebrated Boecher
family, preached there. William S. Groes
beck was born in New York, but came to
Cincinnati with his father when he was very
The young man had every opportunity, fot
his father was a successful merchant The
son, after securing
a 11 n e education,
studied law and
practiced at the bar
of Cincinnati. He
occupied various
positions in state
conventions and
commissions and
was in congress
from December,
187, to March,
1859, serving o n
the committee of
foreign affairs. He
was a member of
the peace congress
in 18)U and of the
Ohio state senate in ISttX
Mr. Groesbeck became well known from
having been one of President Johnson's coun
sel daring the celebrated impeachment trial
of 1803. Mr. Groesbeck was afterward
nominated for the presidency by a conven
tion of Liberal Republicans who were dis
satisfied with Horace Greeley, but the ticket
drew no following. Iu 1S78 he was appointed
to the International Monetary congress held
In Paris. Ono of his daughters married an
English nobleman. Earl Digby.
Mr. Groesbeck is a tall, fine looking- man,
who would appear well in any prominent posi
tion in which he might be placed. Had he
been appointed to the supreme justiceship of
the United States, as was at ono time ru
mored probable, he would doubtless have been
considered one of the most imposing chief
justices whoever sat on the supreme bench.
There were several members of the Groes
beck family of Mr. William a Oroesbeck's
generation, and all wealthy by inheirtance.
A sister married Gen. Hooker, and dying a
few years after their marriage left him the
whole of her immense fortune, A brother
ended a residence of ten years in New York
tragically. He lived at tho Fifth Avenue
hotel, and was occupied speculating in Wall
street Ho was a very reticent and a very
proud man, and no one knew that he was
gradually losing all of his fortune, estimated
at $1,000,1X10. One day he disappeared, and
soon after his body was found floating in the
North river. Then it was discovered that,
having been made bankrupt, he had com
mitted suicide. It seems that his action,
however, came rather from pride than neces
sity, for other members of his family were
immensely rich and would havesupjdied any
want liberally. "
Mr. William S. Groesbeck has always been
the most prominent member of the family.
He is a fine lawyer and estimable man. He
would be eligible for a. position of promi
nence in Washington by reason of his inde
pendenco through his fortune. M. A. F.
When Your Subscription Expires.
If a subscriber does not want to renew, ha
has only to do one of two very simplo things.
He may send a postal card to the publishers,
saying simply, "Stop my paper," and there is
an end of the matter; or ho may refuse to
take the paper from the postofilce. In the
latter case, the postmaster is required by
law to notliy tne pu wisher that his paper ad
dressed to So and So lies unclaimed In his
postofilce, because it has been refused by the
person to whom it was addressed. It is easy
enough for the subscriber to stop his paper,
with little or no trouble. If he does not
notify tho publication office, and con
tinues to take tbe paper from the postofilce,
it is fair to assume that he does not want
his subscription stopped and that he
means to pay for the paper some
time. The most slovenly and unsatisfactory
thing that he can do is to put a stamp on
a copy of the paper itself, and return it with
out a word of explanation to the publisher.
Nino tiroes out of ten the publisher does not
know where the returned paper comes from.
and even if it "bears the subscriber's name
and address, ho is likely to overlook it in the
flood of papers that pours into every publi
cation office in the country.
The best way, when a paper Is continued
beyond the time for which it was ordered, is
either to renew the subscription promptly,
or to send a postal card ordering the paper
stopped. Of course, it Is possible to say when
you first subscribe that you want the paper
stopped at tho expiration of subscription,
and publishers will always stop a paper at
the proper time when so directed. The
Slckns tn Karope.
Old Mr Ilcntly (reading the paper) I sea
that the Icing of Spain is sick.
Old Mrs. Bcutly Goodness, Joshua, I hope
be hosnt got a cancer, tool
Old Mr. Bcutly No; he's teething. New
York Sun.
I Told Yoo So.
Brown You dout look very happy, Rob
Insotu Itobinson No: 1 left off my flannels this
morning and caught cold.
Brown 1 bat's bad.
Itotiinnon-Oh. I don't care anything about
thecuHL but my wife told me 1 was leaving
toeniotl too soon. Life.
Newsbois Know Kverythlne;.
Some gentlemen were "Han-ling on the cor
ner of the street while a funeral procession
was passing. Two gamins were also there.
and as one of the gentlemen inquired in a
joking way, "who's dead," one of tbe boys
sung out "tbe i tan iu the coffin." The
quickness and wit if these street boys is prov
erbial. Chicago Herald.
An Tronomleat Idea.
Mistress Bridget, why do you break that
chunk or ice in two pieces before putting it
into the box!
Bridget Faith, mum, to make It laslit the
longer. Two traces wull lasht longer than
wan, they tape each other cold. New York
I'orgot lllmaeir.
Young Lady to nrtisti What do you con
sider the best thing you eter drew, Mr.
Artist absenliyv Oh, an'ace to two aces
and a couple of Jacfcs. Yonkers Statesman.
MAY 26 ld88
Bow They Would Tie Cared for tn Case
of War.
Special Correspondence.
Pabis, May 9. Of Iato years there have
been so many innovations in the equipment
of armies that the old methods In vogue dur
ing the American civil war would now seem
crude and old fashioned. Any advance in
the methods of taking care of tbe sick and
wounded, in this merciful age, must natur
ally excite a greater interest than a perfection
f arms with which to produce slaagliter.
I have recently made some investigation
of the French system of sanitary trains, for
use only in time of actual war, of course, but
kept in readiness at all times. It is a well
known fact that those who die in war from
disease are far more numerous than those
who die from the bullet, and perhaps SO per
cent of erery regiment iu active service is
on the sick list In the American war of
1861-415 the ordinary ambulance was all tbe
transportation prepared, especially for the
sick. When placed on railroad trains the
sick and wounded were accoirmodated only
as ordinary passengers.
All this is now changed everywhere but
in America. Trains in tbe French service,
and indeed most foreign countries, are fitted
up especially for the sick. A wounded sol
dier of France, in case of war, need now
have to endure the agony of being carried in
an ambulance over rough roads only just far
enough to get him to the railroad. He is
placed in a berth on a car, which moves over
smooth rails,' with a surgeon in attendance,
and proper food is given him.
In the cooking car there is a stove, with
boiler for hot water, ovens and general cook
ing utonsila. The uniform for cooks is white
trousers and blue blouses, both of linen.
There Is a cupboard and a coffee mill fast
ened to the walk Tbe water Is let in from
the outside by a pipe for the purpose, and
there is a drain for conveying off the waste.
There is, besides the hospital and cooking
cars, a dispensary cor attached to each san
itary train, and everything that humanity
can suggest or science devise to lessen the
sufferings of the wounded men is provided.
One of tho causes of disease in tbe army is
that the soldier is so often obliged to sleep
without shelter. The name of bivouac has a
fine military sound, but it is to bo dreaded
mom than any of war's terrors. The soldier,
after having marched or fought all day, or
both, having no tent, is obliged to hover
around a camp fire If there is fuel and if it
rains, must be in a continued state of wet-
ting and drying. Nothing will produce
disease so quick as that, and it is apparent
that he who shall produce such inventions as
will enable soldiers to avoid the sudden
changes of the bivouac will confer upon hu
manity almost as great a boon as the In
ventor of the sanitary train. L. C R,
A Lesson la Charity.
My friend, "Old Moppy," is a cripple. He
earns a modest living by making cloth mops
(that is also the way in which he earned his
nickname) and taking them round on a donkey
barrow to the different small shops he sup
plies. One Saturday last winter, Moppy, as
the result of a hard week's work, had exactly
three shillings and sixpence left With that
,he had to cater for himself, bis wife, his
lamuy and the doneey: Un Sunday, I need
iardly say, the menu of his dinner was not
if an elaborate character. There was some
thing to eat, but not much. Just as the
family were sitting down (the donkey did
not join the party, having dined at an earlier
hour), old Moppy heard a child crying
plteously In an adjoining apartment He
went. In a neighborly way, to ask what was
tbe matter, and discovered, in a bare and
nrelcss room, a man, his wife and tvo little
children. The children were crying for food.
The parents had none to give them. The
family were starving.
Thereupon old Moppy returned to his own
apartment, took his Sunday dinner off the
table and carried it into tne next room and
gave it to his less fortunate neighbors.
Moppy, his boys and his wife had some dry
bread and some cold water, and then went to
sleep so as not to feel hungry. There must
have been many a grand dinner on that Sun
day in tbe great city, but there were none so
grand, in the best sense of the word, as old
Mbppy's. He didnt tell the story; the starv
ing man told it told it with grateful tears
in his eyes. London Letter in Philadelphia
The best medical writers claim that the
successful remedy for nasal catarrh must
be non-errltatlng, easy of application, and
one that will, by Its own actlun, reach all
the remote sores and ulcerated surfaces.
The history of the efforts to treat catarrh
during the past few years obliges us to ad
mit that only one .remedy has completely
met these conditions, and that is Ely's
Cream Balm. This safe and pleasant
remedy has mastered. catarrh as nothing
else has ever done, and both physicians and
patients freely concede this fact The
more distressing symptoms quickly yield to
The Queen and Crescent Route to the
South challenges attention as having the
Dest appointed service of trains and the
fastest schedules of the day. The track is
In faultless condition, sleepers and coaches
are of elegant pattern, and few stops being
made by the Limited Express train after
leaving Cincinnati, no difficulty Is experi
enced in obtaining accommodation of the
mgnesi standard. The line penetrates the
richest mineral and cotton sections, and en
route to New Orleans and Shreveport tbe
phenomenal cities of Chattanooga, Gads
den.Dlnnlnghsm and Tuscaloosa are passed.
A journey south, via Queen and Crescent
Route, Is recommended.
Walker county. In Georgia, boasts of
many other thlnis, but not least of Mrs.
Joseph Patrick, a well-known lady, who.
within tbe past four years has presented
her husband with three sets of twins.
Their Bualueae Ooomli g
Probably no one thing has caused such a
general revival of trade at Chas. Ludlow
& Co.'s drug store as their giving away to
their customers of so many free trial bot
tles of Dr. King's Jfew Discovery for con
sumption. Their trade Is simply enormous
In this very valuable article from tbe fact
that It always cures and never disappoints.
Coughs, Colds, Asthma, Bronchitis, Croup,
and all throat and lung diseasei quickly
cured. You can test it before buying by
getting a trial bottle free, large size 31
Every bottle warranted.
Beaee Up.
You are feeling depressed, your appetite
is poor, you are bothered with Headache,
you are fidgetty, nervous, and generally out
of sorts, and want to brace up. Brace up,
but not with stimulants, spring medicines,
or bitters, which have for their basis very
cheap, bad whisky, and which stimulate
you tor an hour and then leave you in worse
condition tl.an before. What you want Is
an alterative that will purify your blood,
start healthy action of Liter and Kidneys,
restore your vitality, and give renewed
health and strength. Such a medicine you
will find In Electric Bitters, and only 50
cents a bottle at Chas. Ludlow & Co.'s drug
llnaklea'a Arnica Salve. '
TnK Bbst Sai.vb In the world for Cuts,
Bruises. Sores. Ulcers. Salt Rheum, Fever
Sores, Tetter. Chapped Hands. Chilblains,
Corns, and all skin eruptions, andjKMltiviv
ly curei piles, or nop tyment required. It
Is guaranteed lo give perfect satisfaction,
or uoney refunded. Price 25 cents per
box. ror sale by Charles Ludlow & Co.
Protection aealnat "Tame Lightning."
The most peculiar invention is one that
calls to mind the dangtrs as well as the
advantages of tho use of "tame lightning."
It Is a protection against shocks from what
are called high tension currents, such aa
the currents that flow from the telephone
wires In our cities. The linemen, lamp
trimmers and dynamo tenders, who handle
these wires, do so at great risk, and some
have been killed. In view of this a Mr
P. B. Deianey, of this city, has devised a
pair of bracelets and a pair of anklets con
nectod by flexible cords and arranged to
bo worn by a lineman In suoh a way that
If he should close a high potential circuit
through his hands it is hoped that a cn
slderablo part of the current would bo
switched oil his body away from bla vital
parts to expend Itself by passing out
through tbe skin or some part'of tho body
removed from the vitaJs. Electricians
say. however, that there Is a question
whether the current will not prefer to con
linue in tho man rather than leap out
when It met these bracelets, which would
offer somewhat higher resistance than the
uuman body Of course, the inventor be
lieves that the fluid would prefer the lat
ter to tho flesh. Now York Sun.
Good Health and Tfork.
There are many persons in the world
whose only capital is health. They are
engaged In work of various kinds, and so
loug as health lasts they earn a good lir
Ing They must learu bow to avoid ill
ncos by living ta the right way There
are others who have lived wrongiy In
vouth. but have found out their errors in
time to have a fairly good constitution
left These may live to a ripe old age.
healthfully, if they only take care. There
ire still others with everything tw
riches can give; these must learn to live
rightly, too. If they want to be well
Plain food, exercise, etc, will enable these
to live long, as they are not troubled by
the necessity of work so that they may
Uve. Wealth comes not from our in
come, but from the amount we save of it.
so health comes not from the amount we
have to go on with, but from the amount
we save, by not spending It on trifles
which waste our strength and give as m,
return. Dr. AIIIvib.
Suffering IrrtaaM Had Nearly
Raw Body Covsrasl with Sores
Cured by the Cutlcura nemedias.
lleisrs. Stitkti 3l Bac.xii. Utatat. V. C:
Dear Sirs About two n.nlhi are. on vnnr
reesmraendatlon, I beusht a bottle ef Cutlcura
Keselvent.on box Cutlcura Halve, and one
eaxe of Cutlcura Seas, fer bit sea. axed thir
teen rears, whe has been alleted with eczema
fer a lone time, and I am pleased tu say that
Itielleve the remedies have cured him. Ills
tulferlnsi were Intense, his head belnc nearly
raw. hit ears belnc cene except the gristle,
and his bedy was covered with seres. Ills
condition was trlabU ul te behold. The sores
have now all disappeared, bis skin is healthy.
eyes orient, cheerful In disposition, and Is
working eirn day. liy nelehbors are wit
nesses to this remarkable cure.and Ihodoubt
tnz ones are reanettvd to call er write me. or
any of my uelxhburs
31. D. olCrUj&U3.
Winchester P. 0.. Union Ce . U . C.
Mnvaoa. W. C. nt !- 1K8T
The Potter TJmr and Chemical Co.
Gentlemen Mr. Wm. 8. btephenson. ef this
county. brought his ton to town todav tn let na
see him. and te shew us what Cutlcura Reme
dies had done fer him. This is the case re-
terrea to in our letter te you tome time azo.
To look at the boy anw. ess would lunnose
that there had never been aoythlnc the. mat
ter witn mm. teems te oe ia pence: health.
We have written and herewith Inclose what
his father has to tay about the matter, wrote
it Just at be dictated.
We are telllnc quite a quantity of Cutlcura
Remedies, and hear nothinz but praises for
them. We recard the Cutlcura Remedies the
nest in tne market, ana snsu no an we can te
promote their sale. Yours truly.
Druggist and Pharmacists.
Cntlcura. the treat skin core, and Cutlcura
Eoap prepared from it. externally, and Cutl
cura Resolvent, tbe new bloed purifier. Inter
nally, are a positive core for every form ot
skin and blood disease, from pimples to
Sold everywhere. Price. Cutlenra. SOc; Sesp.
i"; Resolvent. SI. Prepared by the Potter
Druzand Chemical Co., Boston. Mats
3-Send for "How te Cure k!n Disease."
U pages.SO Illustrations, andlOO testimonials.
TJT IfPLES, black heads, red. rough, chapped
and oily skin prevented by Cntlcura
Sneezing Catarrh.
The alstreaslns sneese. saeeze. tneete, tbe
acrid, watery discharge tress the eyes and
aese.theealaful lafammatlea extending to
the threat, tkt swell! ag ef the'sueoas llntu.
causing ehekiaz sensatleat. cough, ringing
aoltes ia Ike kea aid sallttlig headaches.
hew familiar these symptoms are te tkeusands
whe taffer periodically f real head celdsorls-
flcenza, and whe live la Ignorance ef theftet
that a single apslleatlss ef Saatord's Radical
ure for Catarrh will afera lkstantaieois
But this treatment la cases ef alraala
Catarrh glvet eat a falit Idea ef what this
remedy will do la theckreale fermt.where the
breathing It obstructed by choking, eutild
mucous accimalatloat. the hearing affectei.
smell aid taste gtie. threat ulcerated aud
hacking couck,- gradually fsttealng itself
UDon the debilitated system. Then It It tkst
tbe marvelous catatlve power ef Saiford'a
Radical Care mantles ts Itself ta lis tsitaieous
and gratelil relief. Care keglss from from tba
first application. It Is rapid, radical. porn a
neit, economical, sate.
canford't Radical Cure ceitlstt ef eie bot
tle of tbe Radical Cure, ene box ef Catarrhal
Solvent, aad ene Improved IanaJer; price Jl.
Potter Drag Jfc Chemical Co., Boston.
Pains and Weaknesses
Instantly relieved by the Cniccii
AtTi-PiiK Punts, a aew, most
agreeable. Instantaneous aid Infal
lible uatn-kllling Blatter, especially
adapted te roller. Female Pains and
Weaknesses. Warranted vastly
eWaflSK '
superior to another ptasttrs. aad tba rsest
nect .Antidote te Pain. Inflammation an
anu,.D je VW1U VUUUUCU. A, WIUlUkK19L3. I
nveiorsi; or. postage tree, or tbe Potter I
Drug and Caemloal Ce. Boston. Mast,
For the Bath, Toilet and Laundry.
Snow Whita and Absolutely Pure.
It roar desler does not keep Wane Cloud Pose,
lead 10 cents for sample eaxe to the maters,
And Hj kindred OmenO. Indiceatloa. Ceo
Clpntloa nnd fill Ion anew. AGARIC !
A fUl
no bm Ukui with a rhah. I tnovocUl
aad can b Ukaa with a rhah. I tnovocUl to
WoM in beaUUL. and Innlniiblii t lanewnlrf
ind debilitated people who are trotLtedwltl.
Ioio of nerve power
T17 it osceaodToa
For J by Drantsta. Win Merchant, and
Cansml Destisvp tfiKarm-hnot th ITnrtead Htalaea
and Canada. iSjocxdmlatbMMntittblMiMtuvou
' 'tt
a i.tr M 1 1 1 iaai iaa awLi i
jf 'L -THE-
rV'W? C?, FAICQnilDI
rr,'i ww ima
To OfU and women nf em.
iK7 and aailitTe eokimf
proatabl emptojmitJir
jral .terms will be -mu
Tn in aaher work on s n
prl nelplt) which saTtrsUbox
and clothing enormously
SnmnUaan tam wf
JT?.eJii,tla, on "beral terms, to be re.
IK'S?? at my expense If not satisfactory.
Intrfnsio )rlt taailntr it a phvnomlsal noosa
eerjwh-Tm J12nstrsteiclrcn!arFiuid termaifroa.
CsbreV!!T-l t Jl J u vwi tor tWr " aw wlvtrA
Cures U4 Removea
Tan, Sunburn,
Bee Stings, Mos
quito nnd All
Insect Bites,
nxrtia, xurrarte,
Hcnora. mxtifc-marxa.
asd ovary torn cxakta
BlemiEfccs. poalttTely cored
on las moas oeucaso azxs
witbout leaTt&e aacar, tr
Sop OlP-tirinrt.
Pries ISctJL, BOcta. aad L.
At drnzzlats or Xrr nan.
TbA Sop Ful KaaTff CoftowTymrton.Cmm.
UtllM II.n Pll U for slk3iehA dw.ueiaUa.
bmooane janrt eonatrpatloaasvatmeqTial. sse.
JTor tale b J all Sprtngfleld Dracsists.
CUBE rots
Cerreipondenea j
sollcted. valuable !
Information free. I
dual discount to imiOHTS
trade. Dtseue anil kindred allaienta
tvm. t. x.ixi)x.zrr ja co..
8 Ia Salle street. . Ckleaajo. IB
For sale by Lord, Owen & Co., Whole
stln Drncztsts. Chlnuro
BJ-toBeJt4 Suipcnur
upmifiw iMrxoTzn
thia vpcciaepnrpoM.cvaxoa
llltfiuiu. MvletJe
Pf ew.- i J tinnoo.mt.da .ootalngcujmn' ot
Jprtne-XlJ , My d.rjclj tiroojlt ad weia paRi mtow
Cairea. TW-Mt intaatlT ot w. forfeit S3oa mcata.
Ortatet Improvrmeatj ov.r all otr blu. Wont cmt-a per
scaxmtrjcurcdliiLiirfamonciJ. Scaled pampajet c- ttzriav
SAHDUl EUCT81C CO- 822 B838wT. Hi Taat.
I prescribe and fnllrea
dorse Bit (J aa tba oalr
opeclflc for the certain cure
of this diKfase.
Amsterdam, Jf.y.
"Te have sold Bit" G for
many rears, and It hat,
Riven m neei ot satis
faction. D.B.DTtnrE4CO,
S1.0. SoIdbyCrugzltu.
orer IU TUV
Waa.-fcSSEDa. WORLD!
lately safe. Made In all 1
lies UtlmrfTUBAzB-
CrUIcrTalleiRtlitc lltrttt 1M-
11-. K-BJ feeea I I j iitH4,. a .(l..a
Jtarlln aire JLrmm Co.. S t. Ilatea. Ct.
Bute & Monroe Sla. CHICAGO,
WnjjaaaU!TM UWlf BOFWlf tlaXTd
V llfceUI-t-f-MM DaUKI IBa-lH-BkOCBla, .
i uitDtTEu aaa Kq-upmeou x
rtivf DlBitrmtiae dMcriblSK '
OTaraski-tlel i-Ma-Jrvd b Bsmala'
M UTWn IOriM. llatT.'avaiBaT KaV
BaorlBjT MsU-rriaUs). TriBBiB.
m. OeateUoei lutneUaMi far
lmainr Haaac. sUer-eJtea and S
bnm X4rtTttlc, B? Lwa.
a Balacia-4 Llt of Bud Hula.
TiAPiEa :
Do Tour Own Dyeing;, at Home, with
FlX2X3.XjtX:S3 DYES :
They will dye evervthlnir. Thpv r nTt
ni. "T""0- riioj cpjcisi. tu colors.
They have no equal for Strenath. Brightness.
Amount in Packages or lor fastness of Color
or non-fading qualities. They do not crock or
smut. For sale by V. AS Cobtenti. 167 West
Mainstreet: Adam Schmidt. 39 West Main
-..... ... , .-."". - --w --"
Seltzer Aperient.
Sold by Tarrant & Co, N.T
and Druggists errywtcre,
SISO TO 5300 ArSS? ?"
fjrred wno can furnish their own horses and
give their whole time to the business. Snare
wSSl? ma7 b? Prolfbly employe also.
A few vacancies In towns and eltles. B. P
JoHssovJtColOOS Mainstreet. RlehmondiVaT
core tWi.i.w .f Waal,
lac IWUIJ. LmI Uaa.
..: ; IT " '" ",.1 J ... WPHC. OZIk
ViiZ?LX!2L7t"''M'r,r.mlTTT l"'')
lT . Ie)we Jkt J. Ci., Wlaatid. Oas
V J' ' VIS.
" w f eaaaaaaPfc-V
p. 3 Wm
J 2& I
aVCm lael
aTaawl TO t naT8.n
jOejJJQaanatMd aH !
S7fJ oaaMSIrtstarv-
CI VrSnljbylaa
CeVlei I u
WvmmmH 3s f$
31 3

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