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gaBeggB! ZjS&iax&Brz&' I TtEPTJBTJO, SATURDAY EVENING JTOTE 2 1888. I rB-y msse&gefmammsxsetfxo, vd5iJai2Sv - ,. 'RStrj?Mt . vas . ..a--iaAjrs j3i.BBiiiit.4.M V 1BK. Ex rt fV ? F OUR NEW TORK LETTIR. JBfc - WHERE POPULAR MINSTRELS GET THEIR MELODIES. English Sonet Taked1 Over-Old Conun drums Revived "Tirer Juper Slad. re. Or, XJhewrUe "Brer" Blchardeon The Burlesque, Stump 8pecb and It Otnedi. I " Special Owrespondence.1 .toiSaoEW YORK, May l( Tff2a. Numerous songs that aro now beinc sung at many of the theatres and concert halls in this ' city are, in plain English, "fakes." They are garbled versions of famous Eugllsh songs, which are revised dud patched up with new titles and slight changes in the setting. They are skillfully ar ranged so as to suit the popular taste, and sprinkled with topical phrases end localisms to rive them a now 'f S fcl interest. In the prevailing dearth of origi nal creative conception these fit into a popu lar want like a round peg (nto a round hole. They are applauded as brilliant features of original talent, a compliment which, they do not deserve. In a little room at the back: of an uptown r music store the other day, one of the makers of these songs was seen. Before him lay a pile of old English reprints and at his side stood a box of pepper. The pepper -was nsed to sprinkle upon the top of a dark brown liquid in a "pail which stood at the "faker's elbowv This pail, contained his inspiration. This man itfas known in expressive theatrical language as a "ham fatter," or a retired art ist In answer to a request for recent songs, be said: "Hero's the 'Song for Me? -which I am working over. It has good substance and will stand lots of twisting. I've a dozen dif ferent titles that it can bo worked into. I have a dozen other songs which are equally suitable for my purpose. Each one, of course, has a different title, but the melody is about the same and nobody can touch my copyngni." There are numerous other places in this city where tongs are manipulated in the same manner. The cheaper class of vaude ville actors welcome this work, but tho bet ter artists and actresses denounce tho decep tion. A late litigation between the publishers brought to light some interesting facts on this subject. Both parties to this suit claimed e. priority of copyright to a certain compos!- A. "HAlfPATTnB." tion. one going so far as to assert that the other had stolen his composition outright. After many bitter words, much legal ex penditure and months of wasted time, it was adduced in evidence by a third party, who had In the meantime been publishing the same work, that both the first named liti gants bad been guilty of piracy. He said that they, like himself, had been using an old English bong under a new and illegiti mate title. The popular song, "Dont Leave Tour Mother, Tom," is a case in point The orig inal was published In England as "Stick to Tour Mother, Tom." By simply changing the words in tho title this song was made to appear as an original composition, and the variety singer who brought It over bad the audacity to publish her name as the author on its frontispiece. There are other complications in this much mixed up business, however. Occasionally an original song will be written by an Ameri can author, and before it has had a chance to become popular here it is taken to England. Here it is song and becomes the rage. The process of "faking" is gone through with by the London manipulators, the song is brought back to America with a new titlo page, etc, and then there ensues a legal complication between the writer and the thieves, which usually ends in the inventor losing the fruits of his creation. The manipulation of original songs is done very skillfully. Bometimes even the pub lishers of a song are deceived by its counter feit. One of Uus Williams' songs, entitled "Pretty Little Dark Blue Eyes," came back from England so thoroughly rejuvenated that even the author himself failed to recog nize it. Among the other phases of "faking," which includes the theatrical as well as the musical, is the stealing of special jokes, sketches, conundrums, etc, which have been , paid for at a. good round figure. Theso orig- "brzb" JASFER. lnal conceptions are generally taken down by a man in tho audience in shorthand. They are then manipulated by individuals skllieu in the art of reproduction, the most salient and .taking situations being preserved. This Is especially true of olio specialties and short afterpieces on the minstrel stage. Vaudeville plajrr- who, by the expenditure of hard earned j.ioney, have purchased a specialty of merit lint jald a good price therefor, are an no nl a-idcngered to find that, in a short time, tin ir nut has been cracked by other people undlhe meat extracted. The public often wonders who are the pro duivrs of ell tlio funny conundrums, witU-cU-ia, hLetrhi-", prologues, stump speeches and of terpioco which are produced in such Infinite variety upon the stage. The conun drums, as a rule, are filcned from the news papers, and with slight alteration are mads to fit the time and place. There are profes sional conundrum fixers, who keep files of the principal papers, especially the funny prints, nnd w ho are always supplied with the latnct jokes and witticisms. These are usually sol 1 by the dozen, and twelve first class joie command $2. An enterprising firm In this city, however. Is destroying this business bj publishing a book containing 1iOO of tho latest jokes monthly. This vol , u-io is sold U-r -VS cents. Sketches arc largely made from tho rejected rtions of an author's manuscript when he writing a play. Very few playwrights Create plays without frequent revisions and injections. These leavings are utilized for short afterpieces and skits v blch require but tenor fifteen minutes for their oroductlon. I i&M luese Dnng nnywnvre man FJS to f50 men. The humorous one especially always find a ready market, and a well known playwright or librettist is neer at a loss to dispose of these vagrant sparks of the imagination. These are not usually printed on account ot the expense involred, and necessarily they are not copyrighted; consequently they are regarded as the legitimate prey of the "fakir." These sketches are frequently produced in provincial and country towns where there is little chance of the original purchaser learn ing of the piracy. After a few years have elapsed and the sketch has been forgotten by the public, or only dimly remembered, another "fakir" comes along who gathers these, skits together and under an ingeniously worded titlo publishes them in book form. Theso find a ready sals both in this and other markets, and are disposed of at a very loir figure. Bometimvs magazine writers utilize these plots, and they are once more worked off upon tho credulous as new and original fictioA. This is easily done, as in their new gplse they appeal to another class than those "BRSR" lUCnAEDSO.T. who beard them originally. So that the original motive for a sketch gathers no moss in it Tarietl and unique travels, but delights thousands of every grade of society before It finds its way into the waste basket or assists in starting the kitchen fire. Stump speeches, so common on the minstrel stage and so universally liked, are, as a rule, to tho manner born. Brother Jasper, who so strenuously asserts that "de sun do more," and vcho has afforded so much amusement to the. people at large, is visited at his church In Richmond, Vs., by the minstrels whenever they are in town. His original and quaint expressions are caught up by the fictitious darkies, and util ized upon the minstrel stage. Brother Jas per is regarded by these laugh makers as a veritable mine of humor and quaint expres sion. So that Brother Jasper's influence is far wider than he has any knowledge of. Another man who furnishes original thought for tho mirth provokers is Brer Rich ardson, who opens oysters in Washington, D. C While stabbing tho Juicy bivalves Brer Richardson keeps up a running firo of comment on all the current topics, and is always surrounded by nny admiring throng. He is particularly strong in gesture, and no wide awako minstrel stump speaker who has banged his umbrella from California to the capital city fails to patronize Brer Richard- THE rrmfT.iim KAKBEB. son's oyster stand and to drink in inspiration with his juice. A popular song writer in this ci caught an inspiration from Brer Rich ordsoa when he heard hun utter the words: "Wbatcher 'gwine to do when de great day's n-comin'P A colored barber in Cleveland, O., is another source of delight and fresh thought to the minstrel Kb sensible, fictitious black man ever passes through Cleveland without calling ou this barber. His stronghold is politics. Ho has a theory of his own with regard to the unification of political creeds. He denounces both tho Republican and Demo cratic parties in vigorous and ungrammati cal language, and says: "Do 'Publicans is tryin' to rob do niggah, and de Jimmocrats is tryin' fer to steal his vote." This-barber wears on enormous yellow necktie and a largo brass watch chain. The minstrel stump speaker interviews the barber as soon as he reaches Cleveland, and then imitates him at night upon the stage. As local hits are al ways relished by the audience, and as the barber is a well known character In the city, hundreds of people go nightly to hear the stump speech alone. Thus are the uneducated negroes made use cf by the minstrels. Tha diamond, which undressed and unpolished reflects no light, u placed in a proper setting and gleams with radiance in tho glare of the footlights. One of the most cniquo examples of tha "fakirs'" art which writers are wont to utilize, is tho ingenuity with which current phrases, situations and ideas ore woven into some specific subject. These are rendered by tho performer or songster in lieu of other and more trite acts. Ono of these is a plati tudinsl enigma which brings In the title of almost every modern play. These quota tions when ingeniously wedded together not infrequently present a very probable tola. Here is an examplo which has heretofore never been printed or used on the stage: "After Dark" one night, "Alone in ten don," "Two Orphans" betook themselves to "The Old Homestead" with "A Great Pink Pearl" which they had stolen from "Our Boarding House" and with it "Skipped by the Light of the Moon" "Over tho Garden Wall." It was "A Celebrated Case," and tho "Two of a Kind" had been "Led Astray" by "The Romance of a Poor Young Man" who was known as "Our Counn German" "A Member ot Congress." One was "A Daughter of the Regiment," the other "A Deacon's Daughter" one the wife of "Josdah Whit comb," the other the spouse of "Rip Van Winkle." During their "Revels" they met "A Chance Acquaintance" who was "Lost In a Great City." Tbey told him of their "Dark Secret," and he agreed to take them "Around the World in Eighty Days," and they sailed from "Muggs Landing." Traveling "In a Pullman Palace Car" as the "Tourists," they took "A Trip to Africa" and reached "Siberia." .With "a Bunch of Keys" they opened the vaults of "The Silver King," and as "We, Us & Co." took in "Michael Strogoff" and "Paul Kauvar," and after spending "Tea Nights in a Bar Room" re turned to "Tie Streets of New York." There they were met by "Dot, The Little Detect ive," and had "A Trial by Jury." After much "Confusion" they were "Sentenced for Life," but through "Pluck" and "Deacon Brodie" they "Escaped from Sing Sing" and were eventually "Forgiven." EE.VEST JaBBOLD. An Unnecftnt&ry Irerantlnn. The Georgia clergyman who has Just preached his own funeral sermon should now proceed to contest his own will. Bos ton Herald. rho largest tree in tho country east of California is a gnarled old sycamore that standi in Opper Sandusky. In Ohio. It la forty feet in circumference La Nature claims that a machine of ona horse power would keep 27,000,000 watches going. --- c jieSSSianf GREAT MEN'S SONS. GOSSIP ABOUT THE OFFSPRING OF GENERALSSTATESMEN, ETC. The Sons of Senators Who They Are and What Tbey Aro Do Ins Statesmen's Boys' Who Are Making SXoney In Cattle. Childless Senators. Special Correspondence.) WAsaiifOTOH, May 23. I had a pleasant talk with Ulysses S. Grant, Jr., in Now York a few days ago. How much he looks like his father and acts like him I Ho is ono of the brightest young fellows I know, and be is full of ftommcn sense besides. John A. Logan, Jr., recently bad a fuss with some Ohio miners, but it was shown that he was not in the wr:ng, end I am told that he Is doing well in Ohio, under Cliann cey Andrews. Senator Soorhees has a son in congress. Secretary Bayard's son is surveyor general of Arizona territory, and Senator Ingalls' son is private secretary to his father, the acting vice president of the United States, Statesmen's sons do well and ill, and they are, all told, not different from the sons of other men. Ingalls' sou is named Ellsworth, and he is a bright, honest, intelligent young fellow, of somewhat the same character as his father. He makes an efficient secretory, and is popular at Washington. Senator Beck bos a son who has turned out well as a speculator in northwestern lands. and he Is a cattle raiser in Wyoming terri tory. Speaker Carlisle has two sos who have made money as lawyers in Wichita, Kan., and Senator Jones, of Florida, has a son who is as straight as the father is crooked, and who went to Detroit to keep him In order. Speaking of young Logan, he Is a fine look ing, black haired young fellow, with eyes as black as were those of his father, and with a beautiful mustache of jet. He was rather wild at West Point, but be has straightened up since he married Chauncey Andrews' daughter. One of Senator Ransom's sons is kept busy at the CapitoL Senator Riddleberger has a son who gets M a day as clerk of the committee on manu factures, and, as a rule, our statesmen who have sons seo that they get a little Washing ton life at the expense ot the government. Speaking of young' Bayard, he was in Now York a few months ago. He is full of Amer ican snap, and it will be one of the best things in the world for him to get him out of Delaware, His blue blood will count for less amid tho blizzards of the west, and I understand that he promises to make his mark in Arizona as a civil engineer. Ho was given his present position by President Cleve land, and I understand that Baard himself had nothing to do with it. The blood of a line of statesmen, however, flows in his veins, and it may be that he will como back from Arizona as a congressman or senator when it is admitted as a state. Ex-Senator Conger's son was for a long time postmaster of Washington, and this is a nice salaried position. Senator George had a son in the Capitol for a long time. Senator Vance has a son here, but I am not sure that he has a government position; and Lamar, while he was secretary of tho interior, had several of his relatives under him. Judge Hoiman has a son at Washington, who created quite a scandal a year or so ago by attempting to seize the arm of a pretty so ciety girj and forcing her to dance with him. It may haebeen the seductive Washington punch, which our society ladies serve all too freely, which caused it, but it calls attention to the fact that young Hoiman was working in one of the government departments, and it was shortly after this that the son of Sena tor Mahone made a scene at one of the Wash ington hotels. It is not a good thing for a senator's son to have a position at Washington. This is es pecially so if the boy is not level headed and fixed in his habits. As the possessor of influ ence with his father, he is toadied to to a cer tain extent. He has the entree to the society of the capital, and all the dissipations of M asntngton are tlirown open to him. If he has his father's brains and character he will withstand too voice of the siren and keep his his feet, but if, as is the case with the sons of many statesmen, he be weak m brain or will, he falls, and, as a rule, ha falls like Lucifer never to rise again. I can count on the fingers of one hand the great men of today whose fathers have been noted in the history of our past, but all my fingers and toes will not number tho great men's sons who have gone wrong. It is a curious thing that many of our great men have died childless. Washington. Jack son, Madisoi, Folk and Buchanan had no children, and Jefferson's boys were girls. van tturen naa a very bright son, but be was injured by having a great father, and he drank and gambled more than was good for him. Whero'are the Monroes today, and where will you find a prominent descendant of Henry Clay? Clay had a bright son, but he died in tho Mexican war, and another mem ber of the Clay family was not long ago mixed up in a drunken brawl in Kentucky. John Randolph, of Roanoke, died a bache lor. President Tyler was a man of ability, but his sons are great neither as statesmen nor as money makers. Reverdy Johnson's sons are not men of prominence, and Aaron Burr's blood was lost when Theodosia died. Alex ander Stephens died a bachelor, and Silas Wright, of New York, had no children. Senator Joe Brown, of Georgia, has two sons who are thrifty, bright young fellows. One of them is a railroad president, and is a man of culture and aesthetic ta.es. Senator Sherman has no sons. Senator Payne's son, Oliver, is one of the richest men in the United States. He is worth $20,000,000, and ho made the most of It outot oil. Justice Harlan, of Kentucky, has a boy who is one of the best young Presbyterian preachers of the country, and Senator Harrison has a son who is the secretary of the Montana Cattle Growers' association, and who is making a fortune, I am told, as a cowboy in the we-t. The son of Senator Dawes, of Massachu setts, is a lawyer In Chicago and a good one. Blaine has a son who is practicing law there, and Bob Lincoln has made money and is building a very expensive house. Senator Palmer has no children, and Senators Haw ley, Allison and Manderson are childless. Senator Stanford's son died in Europe several years ago, and it was his death -that caused Senator Stanford to build the $15, 000,000 university which he is putting up in California. Senator Spooner has children, but tbey are too small to prophesy anything In regard to them as yet Senator Evarts has thirteen children, and one of them is a preacher. Ingalls has eleven children, and he cares more tor them than he does for the United States senate. Senator Gorman plays ball with bis own children. If Tom Reed has any sons they never get to Wash ington, and neither Cameron nor Cillom has boys to call his own. George Hearst, the millionaire California senator, has a bright son who is editor of TfTe San Fran cisco examiner, ana wno is mating. ty ttie way, a very good paper of it. Senator Hitcock, of New York, has sons who, are practicing law and doing well. The sons of statesmen are as a rule well educated. They get college educations, and if their fathers have enough sense to make them fight their own way, they are liable to turn out as though they came of other than noted parentage. Sunset Cox has no children, and I don't know a man in tho United States who would appreciate them more. Judge V. D. Kellay is much pleased over the success of his son in tho south. He went Into the new iron dis tricts a year or-so ago and has been engaged in business there. He has been making money and his father is proud of him. Bam Randall has a bright little son here who wears classes, and who looks like his father. .isCgJ!.'L J-to- I.,-;, '....; - ,,rlilf:'vv' '-'"- nets called "kiltie aam itanaau,- ana is as fat as butter and as sharp as a tack. Judge Taylor, of Ohio, who succeeded Gar field In the house, has a son who is practicing law and doing well, and as for tho sons of noted men who hare places In tho houso of representatives, Clifton R. Breckinridge, of Arkansas, is the son of tho noted John C Breckinridge, of Kentucky. The sou of ex-Senator Fair has created con siderable remark in Washington, though he is not here now. He was a little wild at times, and his father, it is said, offered him 11,000,000 to quit drinking. This is rather a big story, but young Fair concluded that he did not want the million dollars, and it is said that he still occasionally tipples. I sup pose he thought he would get the money any how. Phil Sheridan has a bright little boy who Is named after him, and who, as "Little Phil," is ono of the most popular children of the capital. Henry A. Wise, the noted itatesman of the post, has a bright represent ative now in the person of his son, John S. Wise, of Virginia, and there is a Breckin ridge In California who has made a good re cord, and who is the brother of the sou of John C Breckinridge spoken of above. Secretary Whitney has a son at college, snd from all accounts he is a very bright boy. Gen. Sherman's son Tom is a Catholic priest in Detroit, and Chester A. Arthur has a son Allen, who dropped out of view when his father retirid from public life. Senator Blaine's son, who was married a year or so tgo, has had a rather checkered career since be married, and I understand that President Hayes' sons are doing well, and that ono of them is practicing law at Toledo. The son of Oliver P. Morton has made quite a repu tation as a lawyer in Indianapolis, and is aow publishing a biography of his father, and understand that one of the sons of Secretary Stanton is editing his father's papers. Looking from statosmcu to rich men, the Best instance is in that of Jay Gould. George Gould is a chip of tho old block, it seems, in svery respect, and is as full of business as his father. The Vanderbilt bo s are doing re markably well, and tbey seem to bold their own in money matters. The Asters hne been blessed with good childraf through gen erations, and they are now tho largest family of real estate owners in New York city. Robert Garrett is tho son of a rich man, and it is hard tc say whether he is a good specu lator or not. Phil Armour has taken his son into business with him, and it is said that when be did so placed a million dollars to the credit of the young man and gave him bis full confidence. Ho has been treated in this way by his father, and w ben Phd Armour was a boy, if be wanted any money, he was told by his father, "You know where the wallet is; go and help yourself." He thus became interested in his father's property, and was as careful of spending ll as though It were his own. Phil Armour believes that this is tho right way to train up boys, and it Is said that he manages his family affairs on this same bads of self interest. TnoMAB J. Todd. MELVILLE E. STONE RETIRES. tlow He Helped Foam! The Chicago News Victor F. Lawson, Special Correspondence. Chicago, May ). It has been announced that Mr. Melville E. Stone, the editor and part owner of The Chicago News, has retired from the editorship and sold out his. interest to his partner, Mr. Victor F. Lawson. The reason assigned is that Mr. Stone has worn himself out n ith hard work. This may well be true. About ten years ago a penny even ing paper was started in Chicago called The Evening News. Melville E. Stone and William E. Dougherty and another reporter combined their re sources, and with the result tl50 started the paper, which was in- velville e. STO.YE. tended for the me chanic and laboring classes. Their first trouble was that there were then few pennies in Chicago, inasmuch as nothing was sold for Jess than a nickel, so that the newsboys could not make change. Stone imported pennies and induced the street car companies to give them to the conductors to be paid out in change. This supplied the market, and the newsboys found no further trouble. The capital on band was certainly not a surfeit of funds by any means, and the enter prise was often on the brink of dissolution. Dougherty and the third partner became dis couraged and sold out their interest for $20 each. Stone struggled on, and finally in duced Mr. Lawson to take a majority inter est and furnish the capital and press the pa per to success. It was a very fortuitous timo to establish such a paper, the field being mainly occupied by The Evening Journal, a very respectaole, though, fortunately for The News, not a very lively sheet, and the two journalists soon found on opportunity to buy a franchise in one of the press associations, which gave them the telegraphic dispatches. Advertise ments were rapidly secured, and an income be gan to appear to a very respectable extent weekly. A morn ing edition was is sued, and the part ners were soon en abled to publish a circulation of their morning and even ing editions larger than any other Chl cago newspaper. They advertised liberally and grad ually improved tho character of their matter. The ia- pef has long been a vicroa r lawso.y. financial success, and Mr. Store retires with a fortune. Mr. Lawson, who will now have exclusive control, is a man about 40 years of age, of medium height and brown beard. He inher ited about $100,000 from bis father, who was a Scandinavian and a journalist. His talent of silver has not been bidden in a napkin. a u. u. CiTWm oi hii Ult Ivwa, When a successful well has been developed In a new field a town springs up about it like magic The mon who flock to a new oil field are a jolly, good natured set of fellows, for all aro millionaires in prospective. Houses are commenced, finished, papered and painted and occupied m a week. Hotels, with all the conveniences of the city hostelry, spring up in a fortnight, and in their wako follow the saloons that are the oil man's un ending delight. The hotel and barroom aro the business centers of a new oil town, and in tbce places, crowded d.y and night, leases aro made, contracts signed and deals con cluded with a promptness and a careless abandou that would startle even a wide awake Chicago broker. Tool, machine and supply shops com in response to the demand! of the operator. The theatrical sharp scents his game from afar, and his variety theatre is crowded nightly, while brothels, faro rooms and gambliDg hells open up by tbo score. The riffraff of older oil towns follow In the wako of tho first comers, and the now city, tho site of which six mouths before was little more than a wilderness, Is a full grown oil town, with all tha bustle, dash and wicked ness for which such places are famed. Ruf us R. Wibon in San Francisco Chronicle. Jo Time to Waste. Friend (to business man) You seem to C9 busy this morning, Brown. Brow n Yes, I've got about fifty letters to write. "Why don't you use your type writerr "I'm in too big a hurry." Texas Sittings. Tramp's Diet. Old Lady (to tramp who has asked for something to oat) What kind of vituals do you mostly get when you beg a bite? Tramp )old shoulder, ma'am. Boston Courier. w fill ELIZABETH STUART PHELPS. I Sketch of the Author of tlellclo-Meta- physlral Storlr. ISpevial Curreicpomlfnre J New York, May SS This "lady is a writer of spiritual romances, stories which deal with the inner rather than the outer events and chongat of her heroes and heroines. When, ill lb8, her first book ot this character, "Oaf Ajar," was' published, tho wave of In quiry into those subjects, which now runs so high, was just beginning to rise. The book at once intensified its force and increased Its size to respectable proportions. It was a simple story of faith in a life be yond the grave, but it was a departure from the usual manner of presenting it. Its pecu liarity was that it permitted each person the making-of his own enjoyment in the world to follow this, even as ho makes It more or less here, the kingdom of God being within us and not in externals. It went so far as to hold out tho ery novel Idea that there are pianos in heaven. Harps had always been accredited to celestial choirs, but pianos, be ing of modem construction, were popularly supposed to have no souls, hence no Immbr tality in short, earth born and earth des tined instruments. The thought was too startling for many. It was resented by the class of people who wanted harps and harps only in their heavenly choirs. As a matter of course the book aroused resentment and criticism, aud that heljied to make Its fortune. The learned and the unlearned, the profound and the simple, read it and either enjoyed it remarkably or attacked it bitterly. Since then Miss Phelps has written sixteen books, which Houghton, Mifflin & Co., of Boston, have published, tbo last being "Gates Between," a remarkable and Interesting story, which reaches out into a future life. This book would excite as much comment as "Gates Ajar," were it not that the public has been treated to so much daring literature on the spirit of man and its destiny that It is no longer appalled at extraordinary concep tions and bold assertions. Miss Phelps was born In Boston in 1S4 1, and is a daughter of the Puritans. Both of her grandfathers were Congregational min isters. Professor Moses Stuart, her mother's father, was an eminent Massachusetts divine' of his day, a Bible commentator and pioneer of Biblo literature In the United States. Austin Phelps, father of the novelist. Is also a clergyman. While his daughter was a little girl bo left Boston and located at An dover, Mass., where he filled the professor ship ot rhetoric in the theological seminary. Both he and Mrs. Phelps had scholarly tastes and were authors of reputation. Mrs. Phelps died when Elizabeth was but 8 years old. This event saddened the girlhood of the future author, causing much of ber early life to be passed In a somewhat isolated manner Her faculty for story telling began to assert itself while she was at school in An dover. Her first literary venture was a story written when she was 13 years old, and pub lished In Tho Youth's Companion. Later she wrote a story of the war, called "A Sacrifice Consumed, which appeared In Harp er's Magazine in 1SC3. Soon after one of her most striking tales, "Tho Tenth of January," ap peared in The At lantic She had written and pub lished other things, but theso stor.cs were tho first to attract attention Elizabeth stoAkt and lay tho founda- pnxLPa. tion of her fame. For some time she con tinued to write short stories, some of which were published in magazines and some in books. "Gates Ajar" was begun in Ib&t To its subject matter she bad given much thought. The result of this was that the bock took hold on tht reading world. It was translated into many languages and had an astonishing sale. It had within it the force and feeling of the author's soul, that indescribable quality which has power to awaken other souls. It is today, without doubt, the best known of ber works. Since then she has published a series of novels about the mysterious "gates" which divide this world from that which follows. In 16S3 "Beyond the Gates" appeared, it abo dealt affirmatively with the question of the soul's immortality. The same thought per vades the poem In her volume "Songs of the SUent World." "Gates Between," her latest book, was pub b'shed last year It told the story of the life of a materialistically minded man after death. It teaches that the spirituality wbjch each soul develops here is its only capital in the world beyond the gates of death. Miss Phelps delivered a series of lectures on "Representative Modern Fiction" in Boston in lt77. Though successful In this venture she found the work too fatiguing for ber strength, and never related the experience. Naturally delicate, she bos been an Invalid for some years. Her winters are spent with her father in Andover; her summers at her seaside house at East Gloucester, Mass. Earnest, but never aggressive, she has been interested in many reforms. Breadth of mind and largeness of heart are strong points cf ber character. The poor, the neglected and the suffering have been objects of her sympathy and kindness, and often the sub jects of her glowing pen. A volume of ber magazine stones, published last year, repre sented ber at her best. The characters were drawn from low ly hfe. and were portrayed with a strength and charm that won for the author thousands of new admirers. In de picting the patient lives of the poor she has greater skill and writes with more true fire than when the people of ber pen are born to luxury, in the latter case her fondness for the rare, the exquisitely beautiful in person and appointments leads ber into extravag ance of imagination, with the result of im possible and sometimes unendurable crea tions. - The spiritual romances are not simply ex travagant flights of fancy into tho future hfe of mankind. They represent ber own faith, they desenbo the hereafter as she believes it will be, although they are strictly impersonal. Each book contains ber highest thought on the subject it treats of, and each receives months of serious study before a line of it ap pears on paper. , A believer in immortal'ty. Miss Phelps puts forth her belief in the ersons of her imaginary people. Nothing but the highest form of spiritual thought is found in her writings. Her literary style is peculiar. It bos been much objected to by critics who bate the showy and dramatic and admire the quiet and simple. Nevertheless, it is effective.. Uertrude Qariusov. "When I was living in Middletown, Ky.," said Dr. Morrison, "I was called upon to marry a young couple, which 1 did. After the ceremony the groom said nothing about a fee. A few days later I met him on the street, aud, calling me off to one side, he asked melt I would be willing to take my fro In sometllng besides money. I told him that would be all right, and he left me, promisim: that I should not be for gotten. The next day he kept his word and sent be a load of wheat-straw, a stack of hay and a jug of molasses." Mr. August Burkbart, of Nashville, Tenn., has requested the United States pension authorities to strike bU name from the pension rolls as he has fully recorired from his disabilities, and no longer needs the assistance of the government, Miss Kate ilisliop.an actress in Australia, wears a sliver bracelet on the left arm night and day. Her only sister locked it there before she sailed for America to get mar ried. The ship went down with all hands, and the key Is with the drowned girl. According to Richard A. Proctor, the scientist, there are twenty-six miles of sweat tubes In the body of an ordinary man, and an average theater audience perspires a ton of water every hour. Dr. Albert's next visit to Springfield, from 4 p. m. Wed nesday, Juno 13, until II a. m. Thursday, June 14, at theSt. James Hotel. liyiHHHfilWlliilllHi3 Superior Street, next to Chronic, Nervous, Skin and Blood booses Successfully treated upon The Latest Scientific Principles. Dr. Albert lias attained the most wonderful success In tbe treatment of the rases to which be demotes nls pedal attention, nnd tbrongls yeara or patient labor and re search be bas discovered the most Infallible method ofcurtng general weakness, Involuntary discharges, Impotcner, nervon ness, eonfaslon of Ideas, palpit ation of tbe heart, timidity, diseases of tbe throat, nose and skin, aHeetlona of tbe liver, atomacb and bowels these ter rible disorders that make life a miserable existence and render ing marriage Impossible. Marriage. Rarrled persona or young men contemplatlns raarriace, aware of Physical Weakness or any other disqualifications speedily relieved. lie who places himself nnder tbe care of DIt. ALBERT may confide In bis honor as a gentleman, and confidently rely npon his skill as a physician. : 1 3 B.H CSS cs CV3 rersons Ruined in Health by Unlearned Pretenders who keep Trifling wttb them month arter Month, giving Poisonous and Injurious Compounds, should Apply Immediately. DCUlDlf 101 C PIIDCC Perfected In old cases which have been neglected orrajkuTrnlly ntfflAnrvAuLt uUHtO treated. No errenments or failures. Parties treated by mall or express, dui wuen possums peraqiuucDnyai'siion CCftlBLS CASES GUllUXTXID. IdlHM With PlUt,. 43-Cases and correspondence Sacredly to any part or the Culled States. TES1 EI) 40 Pleasant to the U tM'JEKVESUl it U. CITRATE 9aperlortoall Fruit Salts uud Mineral Waters For Indigestion. Dyspepsia. Headache. Costlveness, Prickly Ueat. Tetter. Salt Rhenm. Scurvy and all diseases arising from adlsorderud condition of tbe Stomach. Liver. Bowels. m-pm i wrrarrew lisntaaUjropro-ortisaiJp .X i3LsV.BUo;wtuigivoitfalltraaifc xaecta&dworoitlvjbsUiLhbr zsoct ..rKuri HAWS ?& SEMIHAL PASTILLES: AEMlCcrefarlfcroasJieulitT.UrcEz'o 7e&ksftna3dniTiIrAirtoaT!ifi?Ttirrp ilia-1 fj JtMMec TB-td for Eight Vama jmh Tlie Cot of I'M-j Fared. A Chicago mathematician of an inquiring mind has just completed a cunoos table, the data of which are taken from tho rcjiorts of the tanous missionary societies of that city, as to the actual co in dollars and cents that is necessary to convert each individual heathen to Christianity, n hetber he bo Chi cago born or otherwise He figures that to "gather in" an ordinary Illinois pagan is worth us high as to&t.l. For example, to make a good Methodist of kirn costs J3. To induce the same man to become a Baptist $30 must be spent. Con grcgationalists come at $4a To persuade him to bo a Presbyterian is worth ICO. to be Episcopalian 300, while before be joins the Lutheran or Catholic church SCO must be expended. Outside nations, of course, have different prices: To mate an African a Christian is worth $14; an Italian, S4J; a Spaniard, &5, and an East Indian, SCO. Jap anese, Chinese and Jews cannot be brought to a proper way of thinking under SS0, f 100, and for tbe latter race. $2,300. From these estimates it would seem that conversion is an expensive matter, after all, and perhaps Ma homet may have bad some such figures in his mind when bo adopted his famous plan of conversion with the sword. At any rate, it was a much cheaper proceeding, whatever may be said of its morality. Philadelphia rimes. Tbe Actual Ln In Itattle. As regards tbe number tilled In regiments, the prevailing ideas are Indefinite or mcor rect. seldom approaching the truth. Nor are these errors confined to civilians alone, they are prevalent among the officers and men who were there and would be supposed to know All this is larrelv dne to the rorblpsa and careless statements too often made ' regarding such losses. The error is a some what excusable one, as neither officers nor men have the means ot knowing the actual loss in every engagement. They remember, perhajis, some of the official reports of their colonel as rendered at the close of certain battles, but not all of them. These casualty reports, as given in, are divided into killed, wounded and missing, tho latter term gen erally including the captured. Many of these wounded and missing return, some of them during their absence die. in hospitals or mili tary prisons, nothing is definitely known about them at the time: so the tendency is to consider only the total of these casualties, and in time to think of them as all killed or lost. CoL Wilham F. Fox in The Century. TTie Pope's Jabllee Presents. Rill Carleton, tho poet of the farm and fireside, was taken by one of the attendants at tbo Vatican to see the pope's Jubilee pres ents. He sa) s that besides all the gold, sil ver and jewels, there are enough slippers to have shod every pope that ever lived, more topboots than a regiment cculd use, sofa pil lows, and clocks galore, while hundreds of new church bells are stacked In tho gardens, waiting steeples frota which to send forth their sdvery calls. Harper's Bazar. A negro preacher addressed his flock nlsK imial asmoatnuca nn tVlft llfiiP"t fif miracles, as follows: "My beloved friend, de greatest of all miracles was 'bout dt loaves and de fishes. Dere was 5,000 loaves and 2,000 fishes, and de twelve 'posties had to eat UCIn an. ue iniracie is uey uiuu t bust." SOME DOCTORS honestly admit that they can't cure Rheumatism and Neuralgia. Others say they can but don't. Ath-lo-pho-ros "says nothing hut cr. That's the secret of its succes?. Years of trial have proved it to be, a quiet, tafe, aire cure. Concord. N. II.. ST. S. 1I . la ray own family tlilerhoroBwajireil as a Uft it-sort, the ner ha ita& suffered from ib:nmauni for yean ami h ivinir been treated Iit- the disease Dynlflnnt poralclana in this State and Jtaasachn- Mtts -mthout eTen ternivrary JvheJ. Upon Jiy recommenil3tun rcoir. of i,k- pla ha Ye used thia remedy with tn kuqo results claimed for it. CU-Mttwr. Dubnque. Iowa, Jan.! VW. Athlophoma has crmipletelr cured in of nervous ht-ariaefce. ar ft I feci thanuul for all the good It baa tone me. Jlr. Ixwiss CnoET. X3--Eend S cents for the beautiful colored pic tore, " Moorish Maiden." THEATHL0PH0R0SC0. 112 YallSt. V.J Postoffice, Cleveland 0. Organal Weakness Immediately cured and full vigor . restored: This distressing afflic tion which renders life a burden and marriage impossible Is tbe penalty paid by tbe victim or Imprudence. Consult DR. AL BERT at onee and yon will nnd Uie sympathy and relief that yon posttlTely require. Nervous Debility. Sufftrers from this dlstres-tlnc disorder, tbe symptoms of which are n. dnll and unsettled mind, which unfits them for th per formance of their business and social duties, makes happy marriages impossible, distresses tbe action or tbe heart, causes flashes or beat, evil forebodings, cowardtce,dreams,short breath lnss. Urine easily or company, with a prefreenee to be alone, feeling as tired In the morning as on retiring, white deposit In nrlnr, nervousness, trembling, watery and weak eyes, dyspep sia, conotlpatlon, patn and weakness in limbs, ste. should consult DIt. ALBERT Immedi ately and be restored to health. lg vSa - pttictttwi. Confidential. TrestmsataeaSCO.B. YE VBS. BEST APERIEST K50 WX. taste - Cooling Refreshing. InvlKoratlnK.Adapt- EmprairTamvn leaioau climates ana scions. cent. 43-Don't tall to as., It. PBIOE, 33 CENTS. JAGNES1A mswmma V AtttM Cj u.iaiatkTn rd rwv ab C-Cat tor d typotM .mA stitsw..,. T ."j Wwl1 T1Ttrrl "rTUla Sr"T'.Jtw PJf- UKHEOT ummj CbliED Lvocoada. duo tv4 tsterte & cr taeon .enran, in ept st rma4a& fan erteaui medical jns-jj". Bj ii p..wioaMuia wt ill urn 11 ill n.i 11 a vtimI. hit Am4 iUIh K... - , ,-.- uuu. vi ,ub iu-.-,m Uliurunin.. IH wu.c4u Viatt-y; tlmr. cf hf. n rrrtn fc-k, ta Mdmt Decodes clieerSU c,lnpttnrmnatio&rrflr.a aat scaa TCtKTHOrrV-Cu att. lte. Sliti. ' .... HARRIS REMEDY CO., Bra Cimrsn, soo jr.TrethStreet.eT.iiauia.5ra fr&l ol o" sudt-. Asit for Tarmsl HUMPHREYS' aDEUHPSaiYS'BCOS Cloth &Co!d Binding 14a JSM,wlU SUI tM&VtoQ, aiiUD rxci. list or FODrcxrAX. sos. CUX23 ntxex. 1 Ferew. Coii2eSon,Innmmtkrn3... .33 2 Worms. WnaeTW. Worm-Coiic 35 3 ( lag Co Ur,orTerth.n of Infants. .25 4 llUirfeea. of Children or Adalts...... .25 A Ilyienter , Cnpi-jjr, Biltoas Cohe..M .25 6 Cbolrra 3lorbua. oiaiaDff........ .25 7 Coaeh. CoJil, tJronehitii.......... .25 ural.rU. Tootbch, reh .... .2 9 Headache". Sick Uadehe. VwHn .25 HOMEOPATHIC Dyipepaia. Hilxnu Stomach 25 uppmiea or Painful Vrlo4.-. .25 Whltrs. too Prefab Periods ... .25 Croup Couch. Difficult Bi-etth.nc-... .25 Mlt Hbrum. ErrsijxUs, Eruption.. .25 Ht.ninattfD, itneuraitic ruu,H.H .; Fever nd Asne. ChiUi.I&lana... .30 Piles. Blind or ttleediur ... ...... .3t Cntairh. Influenza. fMd in th Head 3tt hooplnc Couth. Vm1b. Couch.. .5 f.cne-ralliebilUy.PbTiica. Weakness .50 Kldner Hlwaw Nrrtom DrblUtr.- - ........1.1.0 i -is... loBtcnfl. AVttinirId . l)rnf of the llrart. Palpitation.. I. OU SPECIFICS. bola br Iracgit. or nnt postpaid on receipt of pnew- lit afiiJiiia'JiiDUiik iu. l w I bum . 1.x. MACKINAC Summer Tours. Palace Steamers. Low Rates Four Trlpa per Week Setireen DETROIT, MACKINAC ISLAND fit. Jffuaoe, deboTcan, Alpena, HarrleriUe. OtwxxU. 8and Beach. Port Huron. St. Clair, OaiUad House, aurino City. ETery Week Day Between DETROIT AND CLEVELAND Special Soaday Trlpa during July and August, Our Illustrated Pamphlets Bate, and Zxouralon Tleketa wul be famished by your Tlefcet Agent, or address E.B. WHITCOMB, Gnn. Pass. Asm-. Detroit & Clsreland Steam NaiigatioD Co. DETROIT, MICH. DRUNK! Or the Liquor Hnbit. I'oaltiTely Cared oy AamiDKicnni ur. liaises' tjoldeit 3iicelfie Itcanbegireu In a cup ot coffee or tea without the knowledge of tho person taking; It; Is absolutely harmless, and win effect a permanent and speed j cure, whether tbe pa tient li a moderate drinker or an alcohollo wreck. Thousands ot drcnk&rds have been madetemperatemenwho have taken Golden Specific In their coBee wlthont their knowl edge, and today beliere they quit drinking of their own free will. It never falls. The sys tem once Impregnated with the Specific, it hflennirs an utter ImooMlbllltv fortneltacor appetite to exist. F.orsale by Dr. T.J.Cas- u er. iet Jiain street, tw. ineo. xroups. am ana .MarKeiscreets.surictyeia.Uy EXHAUSTEDVITALITY THESCIENCEOFLirE.tho crest .Medical Work ol the ageouManhood.N'ervousiand Physical Debllity.Prcmatiire Decline. Erroraof Youth and the untold, miseries consls- qtienttnereon. suupage 5vo. lUSprescription j for all de eases. Cloth, lull sllt.ouly 81X0. br mail. sealed. Illu: tratlvesample free to all youns; and middle seed men fcr the next 90 days, bend now. Address Dr. W.U.PARKER. 4 DalflnehSt. Boston. Mas. "WEAK MENH325S2S uyoa .i tasaa, , m is it f1' - y 'v "1 IIKbDTUUI Jsw 1-irRUVIV aa-nSLsin uwl.t m nzKATrTKvTiujcxxsa. fff. tinnoo.nLd. oothlsrcuTTciiU of ' UyanlythrnDgaaawTftkptrfaitoiW -.tn health itui VIamDaKtTaT4aS CWtrto EsVfd t tT-afantrw cr fbrfcfe aUJlsQ in esi tinstlmrMtzcmtBOTThoitTbtlU.'(TttaTct Bartnci-f cured la three mootii. ffealedpampblrt4&atiini SAKOEN ELECTRIC CO 822 BROADWAY. NEW YCfUU irTO Ur & 1 -.3 Vs 'i ! pr "SI ?i y 11-; 3 m 5 W 1 -J sasss&s Sra35CSig5S?,''areiw'-!j.'-T!ew J! ii, " -i-:u - l. -jtj s rr. - . . , , , l .