THE CITIZEN. WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 9, 1912.
CHECK BIRTH OF
Dr. Woods Hutchinson Would
SAYS 97 PER CENT ARE NORMAL
Laws Made to Govern the 3 Per Cent
of Defectives Oppress the Vast Ma
jority, Who Are Honest and Law
Dealing with the science of eugenics
nnil race welfare from n wholly orig
inal point of view, Dr. Woods Ilutch
lnson, clinical professor of medicine
at the New York Polyclinic, delivered
recently before the concluding session
of the American Public Ilealth asso
ciation at Washington an address
which not only aroused the Interest of
the convention, but also promises to
produce widespread discussion. Dr.
Hutchinson asserted on the basis of
hts studies and research that society
may not yet hope to bring about at
will the birth of geniuses, but that It
could and should prevent the birth of
defectives. The cardinal doctrine set
forth was that the negative side of
eugenics was the important one. the
vital thing to be accomplished through
this science of race welfare being "the
prevention of ill bornness."
Dr. Hutchinson spoko before an nu
dience which overcrowded the hall In
Its desire to hear his Interesting theme
and was enthusiastically applauded.
Not all of his doctrine was accepted
by eminent specialists present. Ills
views were debated by Dr. S. Adol
phus Knopf of the New York Post
graduate Medical school, Peter EI.
Briee, superintendent of Immigration
at Ottawa, Canada, and others. Dr.
Knopf and Mr. Brlce and others chal
lenged the argument that the defec
tives and 111 horn were the result of
hereditary causes and not produced
by the strain of civilization and Its
Is Alcoholism Inherited?
Dr. Hutchinson Insisted that alcohol
Ism, feeble mlndedness and like ills -were
the result of congenital conditions.
Dr. Knopf challenged this statement
vigorously. Efo Insisted that insanity
nnd alcoholism might be acquired and
that these evils were not nocessarlly In
herited. Dr. nutchlnson said he ad
mitted much that was said, but as to
the claim that insanity and nlcoholism
were ncqulred diseases and not inherit
ed ho demanded the proof. lie con
tended that in all cases where these
evils had been traced back through the
family it was found that the evil or
-disease sprang from heredity.
Dr. nutchlnson was emphatic in say
ing that the general average of the
race was good and that the defectives
were the exception rather than the
rule. Not more than 2 or 3 per cent
of the race were born defective, he
said, and this was very consoling. The
other 07 per cent were born normal,
nnd the real friend of eugenics, Dr.
Hutchinson declared, was the man who
recognized this fact.
"The llrst thing to be done in nega
tive eugenics," asserted Dr. Hutchin
son, "is to determine who the unfit
children are, and that can only be
achieved by a thorough school census.
We should begin Inspection at the third
year, nt least, of all children. Then
as soon as the 2 to 3 per cent of nil
children who are hereditarily defective
nre determined they should be given
euch n training as will fit them for tho
part they are likely to play In life,
frhen they should either be segregated
In open air farm colonies or sterilized.
'As rapidly as public sentiment will per.
mlt all adult crlmlnnls of the habitual
tlnd should bo sterilized.
Genius Seldom Reproduced.
"Eugenics has two divisions, preven
tion of the reproduction of defectives
and encouragement of tho production
of the specially fit. The feeling of
most of us who have worked on the
matter is that in the first division much
can be accomplished and that about
the latter we do not yet know enough
to nchleve any remarkablo results.
While geniuses are exceptions, they
certainly do not reproduce themselves
biologically they nre accidental vari
ationsand their families often are de
ficient in some respects."
Dr. Hutchinson said tho "next thing
Is for us to alter our attitude toward
the plain people.
"Tho troublo with most of us," ho
continued, "is that we have actually
taken this 2 or 3 per cent of congenital
defectives as the ones all men are lia
ble to become unless held in check by
tho strong arm of tho law. Wo allow
that to color our laws and Influence
our lawmaking. This has produced a
code which for Btupldlty, renctlvoncss
nnd crudity Is hard to match,
"We havo been making laws for and
inflicting punishment upon 97 per cent
of the community, which laws and
punishment aro only Intended for tho
3 per cent of defectives. Tho vast
majority of men nre law abiding nnd
would be so without tho law. Tho
real genius of tho raco Is born In tho
75 or 85 per cent of tho raco which 1h
tho race's real backbone, nnd tho only
thing wo really need in eugenics Is to
preserve tho 00 per cent of tho raco
that Is left after disregarding tho 5
per cent who think themselves the
only superior kind to bo reproduced
nnd disregarding tho remaining 6 per
vnt. xehleh romnHaoa rhn rlfolveo
PLAN MEMORIAL TO
HENRY WARD BEECHER.
Ststers of John Arbucklo to Build In
stituteWill De Social Contor.
A memorable Institute and arcade In
honor of Henry Ward Beecher nro to
be built beside Plymouth church,
Brooklyn, by the sisters of tho late
John ArbncUIe Mrs. Jamison nnd Miss
Christine Arbuckle. For the work
$100,000 will bo expended. In mnltlng
the gift tho sisters nro carrying out n
cherished plan of Mr. Arbuckle. He
died without leaving n will, but his
relatives are nevertheless desirous of
putting his ideas into effect Tho
plans which ho had nlready made havo
been revised by his nephews, William
A. Jamison nnd Charles Jamison.
Woodruff Looming, president of the
Brooklyn chapter of tho American In
stitute of Architects, is now nt work on
The Idea of the building is to provide
n place which tho 2,500 young men nnd
women who board In the Brooklyn
heights section may mnko tho center
of their social life. Several years ago,
when Mr. Arbuckle was asked to con
tribute to the building of the Young
Women's Christian association, ho re
fused, on the ground that ho did not
believe In segregating the sexes. He
had already at that time begun to think
of the building which la now to become
n fart. Before his death ho had Mr.
Looming make a sketch of the proposed
structure, but he did not live to see
the scheme thoroughly developed.
The Institute is to be part of the gen
eral Beeoher memorial plan. Mr. Ar
buckle gave the tlrst $5,000 toward the
fund for executing the larger plan and
helped raise the next $00,000. Tho In
stitute will bo provided with all the ap.
purtenances of an up to date clubhouse,
with library, writing room, assembly
room, gymnasium, swimming pool nnd
lockers nnd classrooms in whuch the
members may be instructed in type
writing, stenography, bookkeeping,
dressmaking, millinery, kindergarten
lng, civil government, etc.
Tho structure will stand In nicks
street, fronting n park which is now
being prepared for by the removal of
buildings purchased by the committee
in charge of carrying out tho general
memorial plans. Above a mantelpiece
In the Institute's reception room will be
Inscribed the words: "Presented to
Plymouth Church nnd the People of
Brooklyn In Recognition of Henry
Ward Beocher nnd What He Did to
Save the Union." The arcade will ex
tend from the institute to the church
building. According to the present
plnns, tho Institute will be formally
dedicated June 1, 1013.
FROZEN SOLID, THEN REVIVED.
Russian Professor Makes Interesting
Experiments on Animals.
ThQ Kussekow of Slovo of Moscow
has published an article by Professor
ICnlln describing experiments mnde by
Professor Bachmetleff of Moscow uni
Professor Bachmetleff, his collengue
says hns proved that animals may be
frozen alive and then resuscitated none
the worse. Professor Bnchmetleff calls
this process "nnnblosls." The first ex
periments wero made with cold blood
ed animals and Insects. Butterflies
were inclosed In a vessel containing
air at a temperature of minus 23 de
grees C. Tho body fluids immediately
froze hard, nil vital actions ceased, and
In ordinary phraseology, the butterflies
were "frozen to death."
Despite this Professor Bachmetleff
discovered that by slow nnd careful
warming they could bo restored to life
nt any time before tho body tempera
ture had fallen below minus 10 degrees
C. Tests showed that when tho resus
citation was begun at a body a temper
ature of minus degrees C. recovery
wns quickest and most complete.
Tho next stage wns tho repetition of
this experiment on warm blooded anl
mnls and on mammals. Two hundred
tests wero mnde. Nearly all succeeded.
Bats wero refrigerated and kept "dead"
for a long time nnd later completely
TO MAKE EGGS FROM AIR.
Russian Scientist Thinks Chemistry
Will Soon Do It.
Dr. Paul Walden of Blga, Russia,
recently predicted at tho International
congress of applied chemistry at Chi
cago that tho next great feat of chem
istry would be tho making of eggs
from nlr. Dr. Walden, who is presi
dent elect of tho ninth International
congress, to bo held In St. Petersburg
In 1015, further predicted that a varie
ty of nitrogenous foods would bo made
from tho air somo day.
"I consider it practically certain that
nt no distant dny wo will bo drawing
food supplies from tho nlr," said Dr.
Wuldou. "An egg is n complex com
pound of nitrogen, oxygen, sulphur
and hydrogen. Tho chemical process
of tho heu will bo imitated in tho
lalwratory. Formerly wo wero able to
do very llttlo with tho uncomblned
nitrogen in tho atmosphere. Now that
wo aro able to harness it tho possibili
ties nro wonderful."
Football In Statu Quo.
Now to nil tho autumn void
With the circular spheroid I
Now to show our brawn and muscle
In a muddy, squashy tusslel
Now to grow our hair like bards I
Now to don two padded guards.
Visor, helmet and cuirass
To meet a huge conflicting mass!
Now that summer's left behind
For heroes of another kind
Who will please applauding "flappers"
In the newest style of wrappers,
Now, In fact, to usher in
Football, baseball's worthy twlnl
La Touche Hancock.
IN A NOTABLE INTERVIEW THE
PRESIDENT TREAT8 OF THE
TARIFF, TRUSTS, HIGH COST OF
LIVING, WOMAN SUFFRAGE, RE
CALL OF JUDGES, IMMIGRATION
AND GOVERNOR WILSON.
PROTECTION RAISES WAGES.
Thinks the Payne Law Has Enabled
the American Worker to Meet the
Cost of Living and Maintain His
Family In Comfort Every Able
bodied Man Willing to Work Has
Work City Hotols Thronged With
Buyers nnd Farmers Never Better
Off Nothing Can Kill Prosperity
but the Benumbing Glacier of Free
Trade or a Wave of Anarchy.
President Tnft when in New York,
Sept. 1M, gave a long interview to the
newspnpers In which he discussed fully
the campaign Issues.
This is the Interview in part:
"Mr. President, havo you visited the
'Chamber of Horrors' lu Union square,
whore the burdeus upon living under
tho high tariff aro Illustrated?"
"No, but a New York friend told me
a little Incident In regard to it worth
remembering. According to the story
told mo, the exhibition Includes n num
ber of nrticlea of dothlng tngged with
the prices and an alleged statement of
whnt tho articles would cost with the
tariff duties deducted. I understand
that u number of establishments en
gaged in the manufacture of clothing
nre situated in the neighborhood, and
a worklugman, evidently from one of
those establishments, strolled nt the
noon hour into the exhibition. Looking
nbout him, he noticed n coat "bearing a
price tag, and ludlcntlng what the cost
of the coat would be without a tariff
duty. 'Why,' he remarked, 'that would
bring the price of the coat lower than
what I get for making one. At that
rate where would 1 come In?' It is
hnrdly necessary to say that he would
not 'come In' nt all, unless willing to
work for one-half to one-flfth of his
present pay for making a cont.
"Tho policy of the Bepubllcan party
la not to shut out foreign manufac
tures, but to foster domestic manufac
tures and to keep tho American work
"The tariff should bo revised so far
as muy be necessary to keep prices
from being exorbitant, so that, as I
have explained In my speech of ac
ceptance, the manufacturer shall se
cure only enough protection to pay the
scale of high wages which obtains and
ought to obtain In this country, and1
securo a reasonable profit"
"What do you think, Mr. President,
of tho proposal of tho third term party
to control the trusts through federal
Incorporation and regulation?"
'It would create the most monstrous
monopoly of power in the history of
tho world a power ns much greater.
as much more autocratic, than that of
a Caesar or a Napoleon, as the business
interests of tho twentieth century are
greater, more dominant and farreach-
ing than wero those of 2,000 or 100
"The Payne law has had no more to
do with advancing tho cost of living
than tho latest Atlantic cable tariff.
On the contrary, it has enabled the
American worker to meet tho cost of
living nnd maintain his family in com
fort "Under tho operation of that law
prosperity has been gradually restored
since the panic of 1007. Practically
every ablebodied man who Is willing
to work hns work, and In some of the
lnrgc industrial centers, as well as In
other parts of tho country, tho demand
for labor far exceeds tho supply. City
hotels have been thronged with buyers
from all sections of tho Union, who
report rendy sales and empty shelves,
nnd aro eager purchasers of goods to
replenish their stores. Partners were
nover better off. Every legitimate In
dustry Is looking forward to still great
er prosperity, provided tho nation's
progress shall not bo halted by tho be
numbing glacier of free trade or the
destructive lava stream of anarchy.
"I havo not changed in tho slightest
my view ns to tho necessity of mone
tary reform, or of tho great valuo and
importanco of tho work dono by the
monetary commission, of which for
mer Senator Aldrlch was chairman.
"It is a roform necessnry in tho In
terest of all tho peoplo and must bo
carried through according to somo prac
tical and elllclent plan that will rem
ody tho gross Inadequacy nnd marked
imperfections of our banking and cur
"Thero has been no intervention in
Nicaragua. Under conditions of an
archy, accompanied by acts of ruthless
barbarity, American marines wero
landed at tho request nnd with tho con
sent of tho lawful government of Nica
ragua to assist in protecting tho lives
and property of Americans and other
foreigners. Chero was no invasion, no
levying war. Common humanity dic
tated tho courso that has been pur
sued." "What la your attltudo, Mr. Prcsl
dent, on tho woman suffrago ques
tion?" "Suffrage for women la an lssuo to
bo docldod by tho states, and there can
bo no doubt whatevor that whenover
and wherever p. majority of women
Impress upon their' fnthors, their hus
bands, uons, brothers nnd bonus that
thoy want to voto Ihoy will got the
right to voto."
"Do you reptnl the recall of Judges,
Mr. President, as an Issue In this cam
paign?" "I regard the maintenance of nn In
dependent Judiciary as a supreme ls
buo, and I thoroughly agree with the
American Bar association that the re
call applied to Judges would tend to
deprive tho public of Judges of ability,
character, high sense of duty and n
duo regard to enlightened public senti
ment and that such n Judlclarv Is ab
solutely necessary to tho exlsteirco of a
"What aro your views, Mr. Presi
dent, in regard to immigration?"
"There aro both room and opportu
nity In tho United States for immi
grants of wholesome physique, Indus
trious habits and good moral charac
ter. 1 hopo that when tho Pnnnma
canal la opened the tide of Immigra
tion from Kuropo will flow through to
tho Pacific states, which arc very
sparsely settlod In view of their vnst
extent nnd magnificent nntural re
sources." "It Is reported, Mr. President, that
Samuel Gompcrs, president of tho
American Federation of Labor, has
sent out circulars to labor unions at
tacking your administration ns hostile
to organized labor."
"I have not seen tho circulars yon
mention, but If tho statement Is cor
rect Mr. Gompers Is ns much In error
ns ho was four years ago, when he
proposed to deliver tho whole labor
vote to Mr. Bryan.
"I appreciate," added Mr. Tnft.
"Governor Wilson's courteous and re
spectful personal attitude toward my
office nnd toward mo. As to his state
ment about my being misled by 'bad
advisers,' I wish him and every one
to understand that I have boon nnd
will continue to tho end of my term
president of tho United Stales In all
that the title implies, that I am re
sponsible for every net of my admin
istration and havo no burden to shift
on to others."
Convincing Indications That the
Republican Party Is
When President Tnft was visiting
his brother In New York a few days
ago the newspaper reporters called
upon him. After n pleasant chat the
president made a formal statement of
his views ou the political situation:
"When I declared a few weeks ago
that I felt reasonably sure of my own
re-election In November and the suc
cess of tho Itepubllcnn party I was re
garded by somo as entirely oversan
gulne and unaware of the situation.
Today, however, after n number of In
dications that the Republican party is
still tho domlnnnt party and that the
expected growth of Democratic
strength hns failed to materialize, my
early declaration is shown to be en
titled to respect. Tho Republicans nec
essarily will havo a reduced majority
over 1008 because of the presence of
three tickets in the field, but tho Dem
ocratic party will suffer also. The
combined strength of tho third term
pnrty will not bo enough to change the
"Five or six weeks ago it was as
serted generally that tho Republican
party would secure tho voto of tho
solid east including all of tho New
Englnud stntes, with tho exception of
Maina nnd Vermont; that tho Demo
cratic party would maintain its hold on
tho solid south and that tho third term
party would securo tho solid west
leaving only tho middle west as debat
able ground. Today, with the election
still one month away, tho Republican
pnrty finds Itself with n strengthened
hold on tho solid east, having routed
the third term party in Vermont nnd
the Democratic party in Maine. Tho
third term leaders recently conceded
that wo would pick tho state of Utah
out of tho solid west, and, nfter con
ferring with Chairman Hlllcs nnd oth
ers recently in tho west, there is every
reason to bollevo that the Republican
party will carry Michigan, Washing
ton, Idaho and Wyoming. Moreover,
if tho proper kind of n campaign is
waged, wo will carry Oregon, Kansas
and Minnesota, whero tho third term
strength hns rapidly waned slnco tho
recent tour through that section by the
"I am not familiar with the develop
mcnts In other western stntes, al
though many good reports hnvo come
to mo nt Beverly concerning them, but
even with the states nlready mention
ed It enn bo seen that there is no long
er a solid west back of tho now party,
but moro nearly a solid west reunited
In support of tho Republican ticket
This strength, added to tho indisputa
ble hold on tho eastern states, consti
tutes in itself a BufTlciont strength to
give success to tho party.
"It is scarcely necessary for me to
point to tho necessity of re-establishing
a Republican majority in tho houso
of representatives. If this is dono I
fool confident that I will bo ablo to
havo placed on tho stututo books tho
workmen's compensation law which I
urged upon tho last session, but which
wns sent to oblivion by tho Democratic
houso. If tho country will givo tho
Republican party a completo victory
hi Its congressional s well as its
presidential ticket a proper tariff ro
flslon will bo speedily effected, with
Knowledge of tho facts ascertained by
I tariff commission, which will harm
to ono and remore its present defects."
IN THE COURT OF COMMON
PLEAS OF WAYNE COUNTY.
Homer Loverass v. Daisy M. Lovelass
To DAISY M. LOVKLASS! rll nri. linn..
by required to appear lu the said Court oa
tlio fourth Monday In October next, to ans
wer 'Hie complaint exhibited to tho IikIko of
said court by 11. Lovclnss your liuslmiid
In tho cnuso nbove stated. or Indefnult there
of n decree of divorce as prayed for In said
complaint mny bo mnde ncHlnst you In your
absence. KKAN1C C. KI.MHMi. Sheriff.
Soarlo & Salmon, Attorneys.
Honesdalc, Pa., Sept. 20, 1912.
NOTICE TO BIDDERS.
Tho Board of School Directors of
tho School District of South Canaan
Township, Wayno county, Pa., will
sell for cash to tho highest and best
bidder a certain lot of land contain
ing two acres and elovon porches,
situate in said township of South
Canaan, rronting tho public road
leading from South Canaan to
Honcsdalo and adjoining tho Metho
dist Episcopal church property.
Bids aro Invited and will bo receiv
ed until October 31st, 1012, and will
be opened and awarded at tho meet
ing of tho schood board on that dato.
Tho Board reserves tho right to re
ject any and all bids presented.
Bias scaled and In writing may bo
sent to the undersigned.
LESLIE M. CEASE, Soc'y.
Waymart, Pa. 80w3
ASK ANY HORSE
r Sold by tSmalara mvorywhore
The Atlantic Refining Company
LEGAL BLANKo ror sale at The
Citizen ofllce: Land Contracts,
Leases, Judgment Notes, Warrantee
Deeds, Bonds, Transcripts, Sum
mons, Attachments, Subpoenas, La
bor Claim Deeds. Commitments, Ex
ecutions, Collector's nnd Constable'
1S71 ABSOLUTE SECURITY 1012
The Leading Financial Institution of Wayne County
Capital Stock $200,000.00
Surplus and Profits 350,000.00
Total Capital 550,000.00
We are pleased to announce to our CUSTOMERS and FRIENDS that
by the increase of our CAPITAL STOCK to $200,000.00 we have tho
largest CAPITALIZATION of any Bank In this SECTION.
W. B. HOLMES, President H. S. SALMON, Cashier
A. T. SEARLE, Vice-President W. J. WARD, Asst. Cashier.
W. B. HOLMES A. T. SEARLE H. J. CONGER
T. B. CLARK C. J. SMITH F. P. KIMBLE
W V BTrvrA"f TT 3 JBATATfYM 17! W fllMMPlI.T.
J. W. FARLEY
July 15, 1912.
"AXE" Your Grandfather
G. WHITE AXE
A few good seconds can be obtained at
the factory, East Honesdale, ranging in price
from 40c. to 75c. each. GEO. M. GENUNG,
F. A. HAVENS & CO.
D. & H. CO. TiriE TABLE
In Effect Sept.
... Albany ....
.... LhkeLodore ....
At a meeting of tho directors of
tho Honcsdalo Dlmo Bank, hold on
July 25, 1012, the following resolu
tion was unnnlmously ndopted:
"Resolved, That wo recommend
tho stockholders of tho Honesdalo
Dlmo Bank to Increase tho capital
stock of tho said bank from $75,000
to $100, 000."
In accordanco with the above res
olution a meeting of tho stockholders
Is called to convene at tho bank on
Thursday, tho 10th day of October,
1912, between the hours of 3 and
4 o'clock In tho afternoon of tho
said diiy, to take action on tho ap
proval or disapproval of tho propos
Note: In tho event of tho stock
holders approving tho Incroaso ar
recommended, ths Board of Direc
tors will fix tho price for which tho
said stock shall be sold at 1200 per
BENJ. F. HAINES,
Honesdalo, Pa., Aug. 5, 1912.
would like to sec you If I
you are In the marketf
i VV 4 l K W A H H S I
AND NOVELTIES i!
"Guaranteed articles only sold." ','
12 25 1
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