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THE CITIZEN, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 7, 1913.
A SUMMERLESS SUMMER.
Government records for a long
period, extending over years, show
that the average temperature and
precipitation varies during a edcade
ibut a trifle. Wo have so much heat
And cold and rainfall distributed over
the year. If wo accept the records,
then our imlld Winter thus far, with
a great deal of precipitation, would
mean very low temperature In Feb
ruary and March, or a late cold
spring, with a cool Summer and con
siderable drouth. The chances are
for a late Spring and cool Summer.
In view of our mild January it Is
interesting to turn to the strange
story of the year 181C the year
without a Summer. The year 181G
was known throughout the United
States and Europe as tho coldest
over experienced by any person then
living. There are persons in north
ern New York who have been In the
habit of keeping diaries for years,
and it is from tho pages of an old
diary begun in 1810 and kept up un
broken until 1840 that tho following
information regarding this year with
out a Summer has been taken. Jan
uary was so mild that most persons
allowed their tires to go out and did
not burn wood except for cooking.
There were a few cold days, but
they were vory few. Most of the
time the air was warm and Spring
like. February was not cold. Some
days were colder than any in Janu
ary, but the weather was about the
same. March, from the 1st to the
Hh, was inclined to be windy. It
came in like a small Hon and went
out like a very innocent sheep.
April came in warm, but as the
days grew longer, the air became
colder, and by the first of May there
was a temperature like that of Win
ter, with plenty of snow and ice.
In 'May the young buds were frozen
dead, Ice formed half an inch thick
on ponds and rivers, corn was killed,
and the cornfields were planted again
and again, until it became too late
to raise a crop. By tho last of May
in this climate tho trees are usually
In leaf, and birds and flowers are
iplentlful. When the last of May ar
rived in 1816 everything had been
-killed by the cold.
June was the 'coldest month of
roses ever experienced in this lati
tude. Frost and ice were as com
mon as buttercups usually are. Al
most every green thing was killed;
all fruit was destroyed. Snow fell
ten inches deep in Vermont. There
was a seven-Inch fall In the Interior
of New York state, and the same in
Massachusetts. There were only a
few moderately warm days. Every
body looked, longed and waited for
warm weather. It was also dry;
very little rain fell. All summer
long the wind blew steadily from" tho
north in blasts laden with snow and
ice. Mothers knit socks of double
thickness for their children and
made thick mittens. Planting and
shivering were done together, and
the farmers who worked out their
taxes on the country roads wore
overcoats and mittens.
On June 17 there was a heavy fall
of snow. A Vermont farmer sent a
flock of sheep to pasture on Juno 16.
The morning of the 17th dawned
with the thermometer below the
freezing point. About 9 o'clock In
the morning the owner of the sheep
started to look for his flock. Before
leaving home he turned to his wife
and said jokingly: "Better start the
neighbor's soon; it's and -middle of
June and J. may get lost In the
snow." An hour after he had left
home a terrible snowstorm came
up. The snow fell thick and fast,
and, as there was so much wind, the
fleecy masses piled In great drifts
along the windward side of the
fences and outbuildings. Night came
and the farmer had not been heard
of. His wife became frightened and
alarmed the neighborhood. All tho
neighbors joined the searching par
ty. On the third day they found
lilm. He was lying in a hollow on
the side hill with both feet frozen:
he was half covered with snow, but
alive. Most of the sheep were lost.
A farmer near Tewksbury, Vt., own
ed a large field of corn. He built
tires. Nearly every night he and his
men took turns In keeping up the
fire and watching that the corn did
not freeze. The farmer was reward
ed for his tireless labors by having
the only crop of corn in tho region.
. July came on with snow and Ice.
On tho 4th of July ice as thick as
window glass formed throughout
New England, New York, and In
some parts of the State of Pennsyl
vania, Indian corn, which In some
part of the East, had struggled
through May and June, gave up,
frozen and died. To the surprise of
everybody, August proved the worst
month of all. Almost every green
thing in this country and Europe
was blasted with frost. Scranton
CONCERNING MATIIEWSON AND
Knch Pitched Many Games nnd
Helped to Win Four Kings
Record of 1012 Good.
Thirteen years ago this budding
spring two young ballplayers left
two small Pennsylvania townships
for tho big show. One went to New
York from Factoryville, Pa., the oth
er from Gettysburg. To-day they are
the oldest veterans, from the view
point of service, under tho big tent.
One is Christy Mathewson. The
other is Bddio Plank.
While Plank and Matty swung in
to big league action nbout the same
time, Matty a trifle in advance, the
Athletic slde-wheeler Is live years
older than tho Giant star, and must
be ranked as one of tho wonders of
the pit. Twelvo years of it In the
big show and still able to win 26 out
of 32 starts for a percentage abovo
In these 12 years Mathewson 'has
pitched 458 games and Plank has
spun out 453, a difference of but five
games. Mathewson won 314 games
and lost 144; Plank has won 298 and
lost 137. Mathewson's total pitch
ing percentage Is .080; Plank's
Mathewson has helped win four
pennants and ono world's series;
Plank has helped win four pennants
and two world's series. And now
both are ready to mako a bid for
their fifth flag.
Arrest of Gettysburg Hero
Rouses Sympathies of
By WALTON WILLIAMS.
N tho midst of the national prep
aration for n celebration of tho
battle of Gettysburg tho country
has been shocked nnd Its sympa
thies touched by tho predicament of
the hero of that famous battle.
During the very twilight of his de
clining years, nt the end of a life far
beyond the nrerngo In length and
transcendent In luster, Major General
Danbl E. Sickles wns recently threat
ened with n Jail confinement. The
sped veteran, ninety-two years old and
the Inst of the civil war leaders of his
rank, Is under the charge of misappro
priating tho funds of the monument
commission of New York, of which he
was at one time chairman.
There Is the most poignant clement
of romance In tho whole experience of
this grizzled warrior. Ills valor at tho
"poach orchnrd" on tho bloody field of
the civil war's greatest conflict, his
love affairs, his illustrious career as
diplomat and his indomitable pride in
by American Press Association.
MAJOR GENERAL SICKLES BEING; ASSISTED
BY A POLICEMAN.
adversity all tumble upon the sensi
bilities of one who reads of his latest
Tho major general has figured In va
rious affairs of hardship in tho past
tew years, no has been estranged
from his wife and son, Stanton, for a
long time nnd on several occasions has
been beset by suits for large sums of
1 money which ho had borrowed or con
tracted In unfortunate business af
fairs. Several times recently tho grent
:ollectIon of war trophies, paintings,
medals, arms, uniforms and other me
mentos which enrich his house at 23
Fifth avenue, New York, have been in
Sanger of attachment Each time Mrs.
Sickles has come to tho aid of her hus
band with substantial sums. Tho old
warrior hnd steadfastly renounced
Mrs. Sickles and coldly turned from
her through tho years of their separa
tion. A brief reconciliation occurred
when Mrs. Sickles made her last con
tribution to protect his treasures.
This reconciliation proved short lived
because of the rapid and sensntlonal
ievelopments of General Sickles' final
calamities. And therein is focused the
biggest romance of tho warrior's life.
The charge against him rnado by tho
state of Now York technically is that
ho diverted to his own private uses ap
proximately $30,000 of funds belonging
to the state monument commission.
He returned part of this, and tho bal
ance of his discrepancy fas nppraxi
mately $23,000 when tho attorney gen
eral lost all patience nnd issued a war
rant for tho general's arrest.
This was the sorrowful blot on a pa
triot's record and tho national sorrow
of his countrymen that tho hero of
Gettysburg should be incarcerated as
a felon bohlnd jnll bars, possibly to
fllo there. A wave of indignation over
luch a prospect rose from all over tho
country. It was quickly apparent that
no one, not even tho state officials,
really wished to prosecute tho order of
punishment upon tho general, but that
the officials were In a peculiar posl-
tion. As Governor Snlzor expressed it,
they had tho deopest reverenco and ad
miration for tho general, but tlioy could
pot officially condone or cover a pub
ic offense such as his.
Thus Major General Sickles, the man
A-ho whipped back tho valiant hosts
of tlie Confederacy under Major Gen
eral Longstrcct at Gettysburg and who
lost his leg in that engagement, was
actunlly nrrested. For several min
utesthough it was all technical tho
hero of the greatest American battle
was actually a prisoner.
Sheriff Julius narburger, actuated by
personal friendship ond tho same emo-
UffltL L SlUKLhS
Many Prominent Persons
Offer Aid His Son Dis
closes a Scandal.
Hons felt by all concerned in the case,
served the warrant of arrest nnd ac
cepted the bond of $30,000 offered by a
surety company in a perfunctory man
ner In tho general's house. The inci
dent was dramatic in tho extreme. It
was more of n social affair than a
physical expression by the state of its
power against n crippled old veteran.
It was in this hour of need that
mnny personal friends and many prom
inent persons all over tho country
came to the front with offers of finan
cial aid. All expressed their patriotic
purpose of merely helping their coun
tryman to repay in a pitifully small
way the incalculable service rendered
by the general for his country. It
was proposed to raise nnd repay the
$23,000 by populnr subscription.
Most notable among those who came
to the aid of the general was Mrs.
Helen D. Longstrcct widow of tho
general who led tho nttnek against Ma
jor General Sickles and was driven
back in the famous Pennsylvania con
flict. Through Mrs. Longstreet it wns
made possible that tbe beaten foes of
the troubled general might now come
to his aid.
This is the letter General Sickles re
ceived from Mrs. Longstreet:
Gainesville. Qa., Jnn. 25.
General Daniel E. Sickles, 23 Fifth Ave
nue, New York City:
My soul Is sorrowed by your troubles.
I am wiring the attorney general of Now
York that I will raise tho money among
the ragged, destitute, maimed veterans
who followed Lee to pay the amount de
manded If the New York officials will al
low me sufficient time.
Wo are not writing Into our history the
stories of the degenerates descendants of
heroic sires. Tho republic whose battles
you fought will not allow your degrada
tion. HELEN D. LONG STREET.
There is Just one more phase of tho
famous general's present difficulties.
Mrs. Sickles nnd Stanton, the son,
MItS. DANIEL E. RICKLD3.
have been directing serious charges
against Miss Eleanor Earl Wilmerding,
tho general's housekeeper. When Mrs.
Sickles, who was the first one looked
upon as tho one to save the general,
expressed her willingness again to
solve his trouble she made the condi
tion that Miss Wilmerding must leuve
the general's house. She declared she
would sell her Jewels and beggar her
self to save tho wartime hero, but sho
would not do that to provide the com
fort of the woman she declared was
her husband's undoing.
General Sickles received tills ulti
matum from the lips of his son and
thought it over for n day. Then he de
cided to accept the charity of his old
foes rather than submit He shut the
doors of his house against his wife
and son. It was a final display of the
general's old headstrong, self willed
The picture of tho general presented
herewith has n sinister suggestion in
view of tho recent technical arrest, but
In reality it represents n happy mo
ment in the general's life. It was tak
en nt a memorial celebration some
time ago and shows the general being
assisted by a policeman.
Tho son, who has shown such grim
antagonism to his father and has ut
tered repeated stories of the alleged
Bins of the latter after tho recent trou
ble, renewed his attacks wltli fiercer
anger. Ho declared his father had car
ried on an improper love affair with
proitlnent New York society woman
for over eighteen years and had squan
dered thousands of dollars on her, as
well as upon Miss Eleanor Earl Wll
mcrdlhg, the housekeeper. Ho dis
played several letters purporting to
have been written by the general to
tho society woman.
Finally he declared ho would expose
the society woman and regain some of
tbe fortune which was squandered
upon her and which was properly his
patrimony in common with his sister.
He went bo far as to say threats had
been mado upon his lifo by a brother
of tho woman ho was attacking.
A servant In the house, speaking for
tho general, recently said:
"The general says that Stanton is an
ungrateful son. Neither the general
nor any ono else dear to him cares a
rap what this ungrateful son says.
Tho people who know tho general are
standing by him, and no ono holds him
responsible for what this ungrateful
son Bays. Lotters are coming from all
over the country, showing sympathy
Tho letters which Stanton Sickles re
ferred to, he declared, he recognized
as being in tho handwriting of the so
ciety woman whoso alleged letters and
those of his father to her, Stanton has
been giving out
"I am not afraid," he said, "and I
won't cease from giving out letters un
til the housokeoper who squandered
my father's fortune is driven from his
home. I am going to see my lawyer
about these latest threatening letters,
but no matter about that. I shall con
tinue until that woman Is forced to
leavo my father."
In a letter to Mrs. Helen D. Long-
street Attorney General Carmody said
recently that appeals made in behalf
of General Sickles will not Influence
the state in Its attempt to recover $23,
470 which, it Is said, tho general ap
propriated from the funds of the New
York State Monument association,
"Your sympathetic nnd patriotic ex
pressions do Justice to your heart,"
Mr. Carmody says In reply, "but they
do violence to tho facts in this case.
General Sickles is being prosecuted by
the state of New York for converting
to his own use tho sum of $23,470."
General Sickles was adjudged by
men who were his subordinates on the
battlefield or their sons to be unworthy
of membership In the Loyal Legion, a
secret military organization, in 1011.
His application for membership was
met with a blackball, thus forever de
priving him of the privilege of belong
ing to tho organization. It was the
second time the veteran hnd sought ad
mittance to the Loyal Legion, but he
withdrew tho other time, about nine
years ago, on the ndvice of his friends.
It seems from the result of tho re
cent ballot that the nnlmoslty stirred
up in tho Loyal Legion nt that time
has not died In the Intervening years.
Many more new members have been
accepted in the organization since 1002,
and necessarily they must have been
moro or less unacquainted with the
feud that almost rent the New York
commnndory of the legion. However,
tho humiliation later is more keen, if
the general wished to accept it so, than
It wns in his former attempt. Then his
name was withdrawn because of the
storm It nroused; in tho later attempt
the old warrior has been rejected abso
lutely. 10,000 STEEL MEN
ORDERED TO STRIKE.
Pittsburg. 'War was declared here
on Monday by the American Feder
ation of Labor on the United States
Steel Corporation. 'Following a mass
meeting of the 2,000 strikers from
the Rankin and Braddock wire mills
Frank L. Morrison, Secretary of the
federation, Issued a call for a gen
eral strike In all the Steel Corpora
tion's mills In the Pittsburg district.
If the call is heeded 40,000 men will
walk out. The conflict here, Morri
son said, was the opening gun in the
great 'light organized labor would
wage on tho corporation.
Hostilities outlined in a statement
last October by Samuel Gompers,
Morrison asserted, would begin now
In all the plants owned by the Steel
Corporation. He predicted the fight
would Involve Chicago, Gary, Ind.;
Cleveland, Buffalo, Pueblo, Col., and,
In fact every place In which tho cor
poration had a mill. In urging the
men to come out Morrison said:
" This is the flrst'step in our big
light for recognition by the Steel
Trust. President Gompers and I
discussed this affair earnestly. I
can pledge to tho steel workers in
the Pittsburg district that a Nation
wide contribution will be taken up
to provide a strike fund largo
enough to enable us to continue tho
strike hero for a year. The Steel
Trust is ready to spend millions to
prevent the unionizing of its mills,
and the Federation of Labor will
spend millions to win its fight for
tho betterment of working condi
tions." An effort was made by the strikers
to get a conference with the ofllcials
of tho company. It failed. General
Manager Jewett of tho American
Steel and Wire Company said
'"Nothing new to add to our state
ment of last night. We are standing
pat. Thero won't be any recognition
of the union. Tho mills will bo open
and we will take back any men who
apply as Individuals. But wo won't
discuss wage scales or other condi
tions. If tho men want to work for
us, they can have their jobs. If they
want to follow the labor agitators
they can do that. We'll run the
mills, no matter what course the
exports of Wood larger.
Manufacturers Mako Up for Falling
Off In' tho Rnw Product.
New Orleans, Feb. '5. An Increase
of $10,000,000 in bho value of wood
and wood manufactures exported
from the United States during 1912
is shown by official reports compiled
and published recently by the Lum
ber Trade Journal,
Although there was a decrease for
the year of 18,000,000 feet In timber
exportatlons the total of lumber and
timber sent out showed an increase
of 7,6 per cent. Exportation of wood
pulp increased 9,000,000 'pounds
over the previous year. A slight in
crease was shown in the exportation
of railroad ties which totaled nearly
During tho year 1913 Tho Citi
zen will he bettor then over. You
should subscribe for it and thereby
get all the latest county news. Only
f 1.50 will bring It to your door.
NOTICE OF ADMINISTRATION,
OAKLEY D. MEGARGEL,
Late or Sterling, deceased.
All persons Indebted to said estate
are notified to make immediate pay
ment to the undersigned; aad those
having claims against Id estats are
notified to present them, duly attest
ed, for settlement.
H. R. MEGARGEL, Admr.
Sterling, Pa., Jan. 14, 1913. 5w6
ASK ANY HORSE
' Bold by ttoafora overywhor
The Atlantic Refining Company
pal and accrued income,
Our GOLD TABLETS if used promptly
will make short work of a cold.
; O OOOC OO OOGGCG OCOOOOOCOOOOCC
M. E. SIMONS, President. O. A. EMERY, Cashier.
CAPITAL STOCK - - $75,000.00
Main &, 10th
BANK WITH THE
Reasons Why S
It represents more stockholders than any other bank
in Wayne county.
ITS DEPOSITS HAVE BEACHED OVER THE
mark and is steadily growing with the people's confidence
and the bank's progressive yet conservative methods.
Its expense of management is limited to amount of
business; together with it's trust funds invested in bonds
and first mortgages on improved real estate assures its de
positors absolute security.
It treats its hundreds of small depositors with tho
same courtesy as though their funds were deposited by one
or moro persons.
Thib bank comes under the strict requirements of the
State banking laws as all savings banks and is frequently
visited by the Ponnsylvania State bank examiner, besides
having a board of directors consisting of sixteen of Wayne
county's reliable business men and farmers.
U. B. Allen, W. H. Fowler.
Georgo C. Abraham, W. B. Gulnnlp,
j. Sam Brown, M. J, Hanlan,
Oscar E. Bunnell, John B. Krantz,
Wm. H. Dunn, Fred W. Kreltner,
J. E. Tiffany.
D. & H. CO. TIHE TABLE HONESDALE BRANCH
In Effect Sept. 29, 1912.
, Steene ,
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u. Wm. Sell,
M. B. Simons,
George W. TIsdell,