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THE CITIZEN, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1913. WANTS SUPT. K ELECTED SUBSTA DR. SWIFT ADDRESSES RESOLUTION UNANIMOUSLY PASSED TO RE-ELECT SUPERINTENDENT KOEHLER AND INCREASE SALARY TO $2,500 A YEAR DR. CORSON OCCU PIES THURSDAY MORNING SAID IMAGINATION OF CHILD IS NEVER FULLY APPRECIATED DR. WOOD, WHO SPOKE ON "PATRIOTISM," SAID . THAT EVERY SCHOOL BOARD SHOULD SEE THAT AMERICAN FLAG FLOATED OVER EVERY SCHOOL HOUSE IN THE LAND INSTITUTE CAME TO A CLOSE FRIDAY NOON, HAVING GIV EN INSPIRATION TO ALL. Continued From Last Friday's Issue. Prof. Barbour on "Webster's Reply to Hayne." Prof. Barbour discussed "Web ster's Reply to Hayne." The great value of Daniel Webster's speech was the fact that it interpreted the meaning of the Constitution to the great middle class of people? Mr. Hayne had attacked the whole policy of the north. He quoted the Virgin ia and Kentucky Resolutions. He upheld the southern policy that a State may nullify an act of Congress under certain conditions. Daniel Webster in his great reply to Hayne said the Constitution originated with the people of the United States and not by the people of any one State. The Constitution gave the people the right to declare war, coin money, regulate trade and make treaties. The Constitution of the United tates are the supreme laws of the land and no state shall have laws conflicting with it. South Carolina says the tariff is unconstitutional, Pennsylvania says it is not. The Constitution says that the tariff shall be uniform among all the states. If South Carolina will not pay the tariff then she will have to stop the United States Collector of Imports, when he comes to her state. Only the militia can do that and would not that be treason? What is Mr. Hayne going to do about that? The makers of the Constitution .trusted in: 1. The correct interpretation of the Constitution by the U. S. peo ple. 2. In frequent elections. 3. In the dignity of the decisions of the Supreme Court of the U. S. 4. In the power of amendment. Prof. Barbour concluded by say ing: 1 The North and the South have be .come so firmly welded together that each now rejoices in the fame and honor and distinction won by the other. Wednesday Evening. The Maurer Sisters' Quartet, composed of four young ladies, de lighted a large audience at the High School Auditorium, Wednesday evening. There were humorous reci tations, whistling solos, flute, violin and cornet solos with piano accom paniments, and all were pleasingly rendered. I Thursday Morning's Session. The institute opened with martial music, led by Prof. Watklns in his usual inimitable style. Prof. Wat Idns puts an enthusiasm and life in to his singing which makes it a de light to every one in the room. The devotional exercises were conducted by Rev. Albert L. Whit taker of the Grace Episcopal church of Honesdale. I)r. Corson on His Choice Subject. Dr. Corson then took up the sub ject of arithmetic again. Ho said in part: "Boys and girls try to re member how to do questions and do not try to reason them out. They memorize a certain process and ap ply it to all questions of a similar nature and use no reasoning at all. Bo sure the first step in a problem is thoroughly understood by every pupil before the next step Is taken up. The child should be made in dependent in reasoning. His parents should not rob him of his chance to grow by doing their work or reason ing for them. It is unfortunate for a child to have well-educated par ents if their Judgment is so harmful as to take away their child's inde pendent thinking." Prof. Barbour Slinlcespearo. Professor Barbour then took up Shakespeare's "Macbeth." Shakes peare's plays all teach "whatsoever a man doeth that shall he also reap," no less truly than does the Bible. He paints sin with a power almost superhuman, but never forgets its punishment. "Macbeth" opens with the proph ecy of the Witches of Endor for tell ing "Macbeth" of his future. The Introduction is most significant. Lady Macbeth and her husband plan to murder King Duncan, that they may usurp the crown. Macbeth hesitates and draws back but Lady Macbeth taunts him for his cowardice and fickleness and dares him on to tho deed. So the plot is Jaid. Macbeth steals into King Duncan's chamber and murders him. Retri bution at once commences. Remorse and agony haunt Macbeth in a mil lion ways. Macbeth and Lady Mac beth are now, through Duncan's death, King and Queen of Scotland. Now Macbeth in cold blooded bru tality plans the murder of his dearest friend, Banko. This accomplished, he tries to make himself feel secure. He goes to consult tho WltcheB and they uphold him by raise promises He la spurred to desperation and or ders Macduff's wife and children killed. Lady Macbeth is so haunted and tormented by awful dreams that OEHLER NO SALARY NTI ALLY RAISE TEACHERS ON LAST DAY she finally ends her own life. The conclusion is a mighty pic ture of Macbeth's remorse and des pair, and his penalty for sin. He is Anally killed by Macduff on the field of battle. This play must bo taught by such a master mind as Prof. Bar bour to be thoroughly appreciated and enjoyed. Dr. Corson Occupies Last Period. Dr. Corson took up the last period in the 'morning. He says the imagin ation of the child is never fully ap preciated. The average pupil, who fails in arithmetic, docs so because the teacher fails to read into his question tho necessary imaginary conditions that make its successful solving. A banker once said he could teach a boy more practical business in his bank in three weeks than a teacher could in three months. Of course he could. Because that's the only thing lied have'to teach. The big gest help the banker would have would be that the boy would be working with actual notes and drafts instead of with meaningless printed forms of such. If teachers brought concrete arithmetic into their schools in a practical way, much more effec tive results would follow. Dr. Cor son said often too much credit was given a pupil for a correct process, but an incorrect result. This should not be tolerated. Their standard in school should be as exacting as the one life will require of them later. Thursday Afternoon. Thursday was banner day in the history of the Teachers' Institute. At 2 o'clock the High school auditor ium was crowded to its utmost ca pacity. The High school orchestra rendered some excellent music in a most creditable manner. Singing by Miss Blanche Pierce followed next. She gave in a most pleasing manner a Scotch song and "His Lullaby." Two recitations were then given by Miss Edith Simons of Newfound land. They were thoroughly enjoy ed by everybody present. Miss Simons has a pleasing personality and delightful manner. Prof. Watkins sang J'Tho Elf- man ana me our-ieni uiover. He was so heartily encored that he sang, "You'll Get Heaps of Lickins for tho Things You've Never Done." Dr. AVood on "Patriotism." Hon. Frederick Dale Wood, of Seattle, Washington, who lectured on "Patriotism" was then presented. Many men think if they shoulder a musket and march away to war, they have the deepest and best patriot Ism. A'exander thought he had it. Joan of Arc thought she had it. The French Revolutionists thought they had it, but they mistook liberty for license and defeated tho very pur pose they sought to obtain. This patriotism is surely one kind and Is lecognized as such by men In all lands, but the highest and best form Is the patriotism of tho home, the patriotism of our every-day life which expresses Itself in our efforts to better ourselves and our fellow- men. Mr. Wood said if he had the power ho would force every school board to vote enough to have the Stars and Stripes .floating over every school in the land every day from sunrise to sunset. The speaker said he would never forget the time when Tetrazzini sang in the streets of California. Two hundred and fifty thousand voices caught up the song of "Auld Lang Syne" when she raised the leader's baton and led that vast multitude In it. The great singer's voice was worth, commercially, to her $2,500 a night and yet she had real patriot ism enough to give to tho poor the benefit of her wonderful voice. The acts that lead to doing for others show the highest and best patriot ism. Reverence lor womankind and respect for mankind are two forms of patriotism well worth cultivating. The teacher has the greatest oppor tunity for sowing the good seed for the child remembers longest what he learns at school. The patriotism taught there will long livo in the soul of the child. The national songs should be taught in the public schools, no matter what must be sac rificed to this end. Children should be taught to rise when the national airs are played. Too much patriot Ism lies dormant in the hearts of our people. The world is getting better every day. Men and women are getting better, boys and girls are getting better. Some schools teach sex hygiene, because it is a subject Ignored completely in the homo. Parents are to blame for this Ignor ance. They should not force upon tho teacher a duty which they them selves should discharge without fall. The speaker became a tramp in or der to find out why tramps are tramps. He became a convict in order to find out what causo has made the cqnvlcts bad. He lived among the girls of bad repute in or der to find out the temptations of Why is the soda cracker today such a universal food? People ate soda crackers in the old days, it is true but they bought them from a barrel or box and took them home in a paper bag, their crispness and flavor all gone. Uneeda Biscuit soda crackers better than any ever made be fore made in the greatest bakeries in the world baked to perfection packed to per fection kept to perfection until you take them, oven -fresh and crisp, from their protecting pack age. Five cents. NATIONAL BISCUIT COMPANY their life. All this he did and much more so that he might know the cause of much of the sin in the world and do what he could for its extermination. There has come to him one answer and that is this: That their Darents neglected the sa cred duty of telling them about their physical functions. Mr. Wood's lecture was keenly ap preciated by the audience. Adjourn ment. Friday Morning's Session. The Institute opened Friday morn ing with the singing of "Lead, Kind ly Light." Professor Koehler gave out several announcements and then thanked the different Instructors for their splendid and efficient work. Ho expressed his joy and satisfaction at the enthusiasm of the teachers and their evident earnestness. Rev. W. H. Swift, of tho Presby terian church of Honesdale, led the devotional exercises. "Christ Before Pilate." The institute then indulged in sev eral inspiring songs, after which Prof. Barbour gave his last talk. His subject was "Christ Before Pi late." Pontius Pilate had the power of life and of death over his subjects. He was, however, responsible to Tib erius at Rome for his decisions. Pontius was not a popular governor. He sent soldiers with concealed dag gers to murder tho Galilean rioters. Early on tho Friday morning of Christ's crucifixion Pilate's palace was surrounded by a 'mob of Jews. Pontius Pilate knew human nature well. He read the anger and malice in the faces of the accusers and ho also read Innocence in the face of the Silent Man in their midst. Pi late took Jesus into an inner room and said, "Art Thou the King of the Jews?" And Jesus answered him gently, "Think ye that I am or did others tell It thee?" Then Jesus explains to Pilate that the kingdom he represents Is not an earthly but a heavenly one. Pilate, knowing and feeling Jesus' Innocense, comes before the people and says, he finds no fault in Him. So Pilate sends him to Herod where he Is crowned with thorns and cloth ed In a purple robe. Pilate, wishing to compromise, tells the Jews he finds Jesus innocent, but will chastise him and let him go. This shows Pi late's cowardice. He knew Jesus to be Innocent but he lacked the moral courage to carry out his convictions. When Pilate could no longer satis fy the Jews, he delivered Jesus up to them and they took him to the Cross. Pontius Pilate was a shrewd, cunning, conniving politician, grovel ing for the popularity which the peo ple could give him. We denounce Pontius Pilato but we support others much like him because we, too, are too cowardly to stand against the multitude. Jesus left a splendid gift to his Immediate disciples. He left them his example of unswerving loy alty to his own manhood, to truth, and to righteousness. Jesus em phasized the sacredness of a public trust. And we need to-day to hear from the public platform, In the school, and In the home, the deep disgrace of the man who betrays the public trust placed in him to his own personal benefit. The richest Inheri tance of American citizenship in this country to-day, is Christian citizen ship. Professor Barbour touches the hearts of all his hearers, his message will long live in tho hearts of thoso who love him. Closing Work of Institute. A long intermission, followed by roll call, and the Institute took up its closing work. Miss Edith Swift then spoke for State College. She de scribed its educational advantages, its beautiful scenery, the superiority of its Instructors and closed with a plea that next year Wayne County might be the banner county on send ing representatives to the Pennsyl vania State College summer session. AVants Supt. Koehler Re-elected The committee on resolutions made one recommendation. It was voiced by Professor H. A. Oday, of the Honesdale schools, who offered the resolution that In view of tho fact that Superintendent Koehler has thrown his heart and soul so nobly into the work of the schools, be it hereby Resolved, That wo ask the direc tors of Wayne county to re-elect Supt. Koehler and increase his sal ary to $2,500 a year. The resolu tion was unanimously adopted. The present salary of the office is $1800 a year, but Superintendent Koehler must pay his own expenses out of that amount. He must do con siderable traveling about the coun ty in visiting schools and the. in crease Js meant to cover all expenses occurring in carrying out the duties of the office. Mr. Koehler would not receive any increase in salary but If the school directors acted favor ably on the resolution as passed by the institute, It would not be neces sary for him to pay his actual ex penses out of his present salary. "Tho Teacner's Growth." "The Teacner's Growth" was then discussed by Dr. Corson. He said he had gotten so much good out of a little book called "The Teacher." In this book is a balance sheet for teachers. On it the teacher should credit themselves with the work they have done well, and to charge them selves with the work they might have done better. Let the teacher ask herself this question: "Am I growing or am I not? Would I go to the teachers institute if I wasn't paid? is another personal question the teacher should also inquire. What am I doing for the community in which I work? What am I doing for the moral uplift of the people among whom I labor? Is my school better because I am there? Is the com munity better because I live there? If you are teaching only for the money you get put of it, you had bet ter credit yourself with failure. If you don't give your spirit and life to it, you aro worthless. Emerson said "I can't hear what that man says, his life speaks so loud that I lose his words." Let your life be tho molding influence in your commun ity. The teacher should test himself on his promptness. It has been said teachers preach tho most prompt ness and practice the most tardiness of any class of people. Then again, do you radiate happiness? Are you a constant brlnger of cheer and joy? If not, try It and see how much good you'll get out of giving cheer. Dr. Corson closed with Ella Wheel- NO MORNING SUN S 11 ATA LAo 0 Life at its best is but a short period of time; and as most provide during its pro ductive season for the years of decline., systematic saving cannot be commenced too soon. The Old Reliable HONESDALE NATIONAL BANK offers to savers the best of banking facili ties;, invariable courtesy, convenient loca tions and three per cent, interest on sav ings accounts - - COMPOUNDED SEMI-ANNUALLY. MENNER & AUTUMN DISPLAY FEWEST TAILOR SUITS mm ' FALL AND WINTER NOBfcY COATS. The New Persian Lamb Cloth and New Seal Fabrics. A large line of Misses'; Juniors' and Childrens' Cloaks. Our separate Skirts and Waists are the styles, latest cutl and fabrics, newest touch. In our Dress Department can Silk, Wool and Cotton. Teachers attending tho Institute qualities in our up-to-date Made-up Menner & er Wilcox's poem, "Talk Happiness." Resolved to do Better Work. The institute closed with Dr. Cor son's blessing on the teachers. Every teacher went away Inspired, resolved to do better work and more of it. All felt the institute to be one of the finest the county ever held. BIG PROFITS FROM PARCEL POST FIRST YEAR. " The parcels post, according to es timates from available figures, will earn about '$30,000,000 for the gov ernment in its very first year. A WHOLE DAY GO'S STORE. be found the late models il will find tho up-to-date styles and beJ Goods Department. Go's Keystone Stores EXECUTOR'S NOTICE. Estate of john b. Leonard, Late of Scott Township. AH persons indebted to said eJ tate are notified to make immediatl payment to the undersigned: anl those having claims against the sail estate are notified to present theil duly attested for settlement. W. B. RAYMOND, Executor. Sherman, Pa., Oct. 30, 1913. Shop early and help the clerl in the stores.