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The star. (Reynoldsville, Pa.) 1892-1946, July 20, 1892, Image 6

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Important Hews Items Reeelred as Wl
So to Prfii.
Caiittnl, l.atinr an Initsslrlnt,
' rckif colliery No. 4, Shcnnnlmuh, Pa.,
tme of the largest of (he Udilgh Valley Coal
Company's eollcrle, employing over fits)
men, started up after an Idleness of over
four month!.
The Pultun Holler Works of Itlchmnnd,
Ind., employing largo number of bonds,
has been compelled to flint down entirely,
owing to the labor trouble In the L'al.
They are unable to get steel enough to keep
their limit In opemtinn.
A strlko w inaugurated nt Philadelphia,
JPe., among the lathe anil slater ami pin
terert) and laborers thnt will affect nenrly nil
the firms In the suburban wards o" the city.
The strike It strictly against the employ
ment of non-union men and In not n ques
tion of wages or hour. About HX men lira
fleeted in the three organizations.
The workmen at the t'ppcr and Lower
inilla In Lawreticovlllo (Pittsburg, I'a.) ami
at the Heaver Falls, 1'a., mill, both mill
owned and operated by the Carnegie Steel
Co., Mmited, have itruck because the man
geinent refused to enter Into conference
or arbitration with the workmen at llonn
toad. The men In the Eureka Iron and Steel
Works, Pctrolt, Mich., the largest In the
West, struck Wednesday. All the strikers
re members of the Pittsburg division of
the Amalgamated Association. Hovel's
branch of the 1'inkertoii agency is employ
ing men to send to the works. The strikers
rearmed and trouble is fonrcd.
Tho Flndlay ltolllng Mill company, of
Pindlay, 0., signed the acalo of the Ainut
patnated association. This makes 31 signa
tures received from Iron and steel mills out
tide of those signed in the sheet mill confer
ence, which wus37, thus making 08 signa
tures in all.
The 400 employes of the Eureka Iron and
Ptcel Co., Wyandotte, Mich., have struck.
They are nicinlwrs of tho Amalgamated
Association. No outbreak has yet occur
red, but trouble I feared If the company
Should attempt to Introduce non-union em
ployes. The leaders of the locked-out workmen at
Homestead, I'a., Iiavo decided to turn over
to the proper authorities all the rifles taken
from tho l'inkcrton men that they can re
cover. The employes In the print cloth manufac
tories at Kail Hi vcr, Mass., huvohad their
wages increased !ij p?r cent.
All the Covington, Ky., rolling mills have
signed tho scule and 2,0t0 men are happy in
the prospect of work. Tho mill men and
their employers nro under mutual contract
to abide by the Pittsburg scale.
Telegrams received by MtiJ.-Uon. Scho
Held at Washington, I). ('., show that tb
labor troubles in the Coenr D'Aletio (Idaho)
mining district aroat an end for the present.
The rioters have dispersed and tho Statu
authorities, nided by federal troops, aro In
full possession of tho Held.
Iltnnslers, Accidents itiiil Pntulllles,
At Portland, Ore., tiro destroyed almost a
whole block of buildings. The total loss Is
estimated at I2.'ii),0u0.
Four persons who were injured by the ex
plosion of tho boiler of tho steamer Mont
liianc on Lake Geneva Saturday, died tit
the hospital, making tho totul of the dead
A careful estimate of the total loss by the
tire at fit. John, N. F., shows that the
amount will reach not loss than t'JO,oon,noo,
Kith an Insurance of but fcl.MO.tlut). ltelief
is pouring into the burned city. Thousands
of homeless peoplo aro sheltered under
While Mrs. Carr, aged ISO, and her two lit
tle fclrU, aged respectively 0 and 4 years,
were walking on the tracks of tho Went
Chore Railroad, New York City, they were
truck by an express train, which instantly
killed the woman and one of the children,
oil fatally injured the other.
A freight train on the Ontario and West
ern Railroad, near Middletown, N. Y., struck
a wagou containing 10 persons returning
from picnio and killed George Walsh,
Castle McCoy and Mr. and Mrs. Frank, all
of New York. Three others were injured.
A cyclone struck the atcamor Frnnkie
Folsora on the Illinois rlvor near 1'eorlu,
Ills., and the steamer's boilers exploded.
The river was filled with small craft and tho
exact loss of life is not known. Following
is list of those known to have been lost:
Mm. W. O. Wills, 1'ekin, Illinois; Mrs. Fred
Fisher, Pckln, and her daughter, Miss Cora
Fisher; John Ahrends, Pckln; Miss Mary
Fath, Pekin; Mrs. Henry Druisdecker, re
kin; Rev. J. H. McMlen, of IJenson, Illinois;
unknown body recovered with Initials on
bangle, "J. C. M."; Miss Lottie Shade, of
Bhelbyville, Ills., and Mrs. Kuto lteebe. of
Fekin, and Miss Ueplcr, of Pekin. Somo of
the victims were literally cooked to death by
the escaping steam. The river is being
dragged for more bodies.
.eaUlailve. (
' The Congressional Committee appointed
to investigate the labor trouble at Homo
atead. Pa., is now in session at Pittsburg,
a., taking testimony both from the mill
owners and th employees. Their report
will be submitted to congress at an early
Cyrus W. Field, tne ismoiis promoter ol
the Atlantic cable projoct, died at bis coun
try home In Arualey Park, N. Y. Mr. Field
we associated with many enterpri ses, among
v them being the elevated railroads of New
York City. He accumulated a big fortune,
but owing to a aeries of misfortune in
recent years he died comparatively poor.
Congressman Gillespie is at work on the
draft of a bill to be Introduced in the next
Pennsylvania Legislature, having for its
bject the prohibition of armed forces,
other than regular soldiers or militia, pa.
trolmg the streets or entering the State. The
nkertonsere aimed at, but til bill will
also apply to armed secret organisations ol
any kind.
t rim cad Peaalttee.
At Pittsburgh In a discussion over the
Homestead (Pa.)trlke, Hurry Floyd, a
horsedenler, was shot and mortally wounded
by John llradford, tin amalgamated mill
William Harley beat.Annle Goodwin to
dentil with A club In Memphis, Trim.,
while a crowd watched him, powerless to
While an excursion boat was coming tip
the river near Gadsden, Ala., a political row
started between two brothers nsmeil Ulllard
and three other brothers named Green,
during which Witt Hlllard was fatally
tabbed, one of the Greens received a mortal
wound and another brother lost a Anger
and an eye.
Sheriff K. L. IWnbiich, of Clayton, Mo.,
shot and Instantly killed Major S. P. Smith,
ex-Assessor of that plac". The shooting
was the result of apolitical ipiarrel.
1imic, July II. William Waldorf
Astor. the head ofthe fatuous Astor family,
died here to-day.
The death of Kate Castleton, the well
known nctrc, Is reported from Providence,
II. I.
Huron Wlumarlcigli, nged!), died In Lon
don. He was Chief Secretary for Ireland In
Three prisoners In the county Jail at
Marshalltown, In., sawed their way through
the roof, due made good his escape. An
other dangerously stashed with n run ir one
of his pursuers.
Two American lepersone barely living
mid the other dead have been found on a
ranch near lloise City, Idaho. Their dwell
ing was alive w ith vermin.
The President has signed the Ind an and
Postotllce appropriation bills.
The Kansas State Prohibition Convention
nominated for Governor I. . Pick ring, of
Ol.ithe, law partner of ex-Governor St.
The ticket named by the People's parly of
Minnesota Is ns follows: For Governor, Ig
natiis Donnelly: Lieutenant Governor, Kit
tle Hal vorsen; Secretary of State, H. II.
.Martin; Treasurer, P. M. Iliugilal.
I'nnaresialnnnl Sioiiilnntlnn.
II. Clay Snodgrass w& renominated fur
Congress in the Third Tennessee Congres
sional district. The convention Indorsed
"free silver."
Captain H. II. IVivonor, of Wheeling, was
nominated by acclamation for Congress by
tlie First district Republicans in Wheeling,
W. Vu.
tVnslililalnn News.
The President has signed the River find
Harbor and tjio Pension appropriation bills.
I Ires
A school building was burned nt llerk
hainstead, F.ngland, and eight children
Thirty-five death from Inllnenzn occur
td ut Valparaiso on Wednesday.
Heavy rains have damaged Tennessee
The English election returns up to Tues
day evening stands: Cousei vatives, KM;
Liberal-UuiotiiHts, '.7; total aiitl-llome Rule,
2-1; Liberals, Hl'lj Labor, 8; iiuti-l'ariirliilcs,
; Parncllitcs, 5.
A French Captain and ten soldiers were
killed in a Chinese ambuscado In Touquin.
Smnllpox Is epidemic ut Victoria, II. C.
Cholera lias practically depopulated
Dak u. .
The yellow fever epidemic Is getting bad
at Vera Crux.
A torpedo boat named the Rosalia ha
foundered In a storm off the coast of Uru
guay. All the oflicera were saved, but the
crew of 70 men are missing and while somo
of tbem may have escaped most are sup
posed to have been drowne 1. The Argen
tine ironclad Almlrunte Ilrown and the
cruiser Ycinticinto, en route to Spain, are
missing, and it la believed they are lost.
The latest dispatch from St. Gervais says
that 125 bodies have been recovered.
The number of bodies recovered nt St.Ger
vais Lcs Blainesi LSI, Guides ascended up
the mountain and discovered that another
glacier had collated, wrecking several
buildings and killing 15 persons.
If They Were Better ThouKb, Trads
Would Be Worse.
R. 0. Hun & Co.'s weekly review of trade
says: Crop reports promise results not equal
to last year's, which would be disastrous,
but beyond expectations. With the decrease
of only 0 per cent tho wheat yield would be
fur beyond the quantity consumed and ex
ported in any year except the lust, and
nearly equal to lust year's consumption and
exports. The price dropped below 81 cents,
but has since been stronger. Western re
celpts are large 1,800,000 bushels in three
days, and exports 771.000 in the same time.
Corn acreage shows a decrease of 4.4 er cent.
Oats have declined 2 cents, while hog pro
ducts are stronger, pork 3" conts per barrel
higher and coffee and oil unchanged The
cotton report shows a condition only 2 per
cent below lost year, and on any estimate of
acreage the yield, with the surplus still in
sight, will more than meet all Uemunds for
the year.
At Ilaltlmore exports of cattle are large
and manufacturers make fuvorable reports,
the packers efqieciallv realizing large proliti.
Window glass is fairly active at Pittsburgh,
but the iron mills generally are closed
Home improvements is seen In groceries at
Cincinnati, and at Cleveland dry goods,
hardware, groceries, clothing and cloaks are
active, and trade is fair in other lines. Bus
iness is good for the season at Detroit, with
crop prospects favorable.
Wool is quite active, with price unchang
ed. Business is active in dry goods for the
season. Cottons are strong. Money markets
are abundantly supplied. Bunks nave been
refusing certificates to gold exporters, and
redemption of notes has drawn ouin from
the treasury which, nevertheless, holds as
much gold as a week ago. 1
The business failures occurring throughout
the country during the last seven days num
ber 100, as compared with 170 last week.
For the corresponding week of last year the
figures were 274.
The Company is Firing up Its Furnaces.
Hon Union Stn Eapsoted Soon.
The sight of steam escaping from pipes In
three department ofthe Homestead (I'a.)
Steel works, and smoke Issuing from a
couple of stack in another portion of the
plant, caused some excitement among the
steel workers ami was the only event out
side of the military ramp that caused any
talk In the borough Saturday. The steam
came from the armor plate machine shop,
the armor-plate press shop and the electric
light plant. These are the places In which
work will he resumed first, because In the
machine and pre shni there Is three or
four mouths' work on hand. These de
partments wefe that much behind the other
armor plate mills when the lock-out occur
red. The fire in the open hearth mill are un
der the lime furnaces, where the "bottom"
of the other furnaces is prepared. It I
neccstnry to keep these warm, the same as
blast furnaces, pud till Is probably why
the lire have been lighted, though it
would not seem to bo necessary after they
had been cold unless the intention is to start
the mill soon.
The guardsmen nre still on duty through
out the borough, ami particularly about the
mill, one company being detailed for doty
within the famous fence. The men of tho
proviusiiiniil brigade, encamped across the
river, will, hcitiiiniug today, take their
share of the patrol work.
Early Friday tho h lp at the Carnegie
Hotel. 'hear the works, struck against serv
ing any one but the regular boarder. This
action was due to the excitement about the
coming of non union men. The girls did
not want to give aid. sustenance or comfort
to anyone who would oiler pr toetinu to the
new workmen. They sympathize Willi the
locked out men, as 'souie of them have
fathers, brothers, lovers or something of llio
Sort among the idle one, Iteiicrnl Snnwilen
and statl it ere caught in the strike breakfast
less, hut they soon had a meal prepared for
them by Battery li s cook. A number of
civilians wcro'ulso forced to seek other
uuarters and pence now reigns.
The Mills, Whf re the Mm Oo Out In
Bympatny with the Homestead
Men, Will Be Run
Non Union
H. C. Frick, chairmen of the Carnegie
Steel Company, Pittsburg, I'a., received from
his workinginen nt the Heaver Fall mill
the following telegram, signed by Arthur
Thornton, chairman of the committee :
We, tlie Aninlustntitftl .Iswtelnllnn workmen tn the
rtsl mill, wlte mill Hiel null mill nt Heaver Kill It-.
hitt t-finite It, tin mi'i-inn Unit we will refHM. to
work ntilll surd time us II. i '. t'rli-k. eltnlrmnii of lite
t'liriii'Ule Slci'l Ciiiiii:iiiv, Llliiiteil. Is wIUIiik to eon
fer wlllt tin- Atiifilwioii.-itt'tl AMttiitlloli III unler to
iw.llle I he llojtii'Mlfiiil na.ilr.
Mr. Frick at once sent the telegram to
Joseph Wrlgley, the superintendent ofthe
Reaver Fulls mills, adding :
Yon will ilense nv to Mr. Tlmrntnn. chiilriiinn of
III,. foiMinllte.'. ritttl ti-k dim to so miltr.v the Inch,
Hint U tlit'V, fomitonlliif lite AIMItlirilllinlftl AstHtHn
Hon nt hfitvt.r Kitll- mills, ninl who HlMiie'l nil Auree
incut wltli tin for one eitr, lo not ui to work en
.M.itiiltty next, or wtit'ti oti nro reinl.v to stnrl, we
III eoitslilt.r lln-lr mlhire It, tlo so a entic'thillon of
lite Huret'lnent e. Istltlll Itetween Us. nil'l Wllt'll Hinse
works tlo retinue li will In hs mm union, mnl roi-nier
emiilovfs, Hittl-rncnirv In lis, who tle'lm to wtirk
llt.-re will Imve lo Hily Its I tit 1 1 v It I tin Ih. Ynll cull
snv Unit nnili-r no t'li'iMitiiHitinet-K will we ennri-r
with the ineti nt ItumeMleiiil its members (if tin
AlnnlK'iliintfil AHS'N'liillon.
The only mills that have so far decided to
quit work are the city mills and the workers
at Heaver Falls. The largest works those
ut llraddock ami ltuqtiesnc, do not seem he
in sympathy with tho locked-out men nt
Homestead, ami being satisfactorily paid
propose to continue ut work us long us the
mill runs.
The Homestead, Pa., High Constable
Arrested by the Military and Marched
. to Headquartera at Point of Bayonet.
Homestead peoplo are waiting and watch
ing for something that did not come. Ru
mors and reports from a hundred sources
that non-union men were en route
to the Carnegie mill caused a flutter of - ex
citement, but nothing more, for the town is
practically under murtlul law, und demon
strations of any kind were prevented by the
sight of the shining bayonets and the 'glit
ter of gold luce. But the steel workers nre
linessy. Though tho filling of tho mill
with non union men seems to he inevitable
the locked-out men lire not prepared to bow
to it, nor will they until their last lioe bus
been shuttered.
The first arrest of a civilian by the pro
vost gtinril ill Homestead was made Thurs
day night. Amos Stewart, the high constu
bin of the borough, came in conlhct with the
Soldiers and wus ordered home. Being an
oflicerof the borough he resented the action
of the guard. After some warm won Is ho
was ordered to bo arrested, nod at bayonet
riolnt was ortlered to the Provost Msrshnl's
icudquarters, where he was detained fur un
investigation. This evidently means thut
the boiough is under luaitiul luw.
The Rule of the Military in Idaho Doean't
Stop the Diaorder.
Wallace, Idaho, July 10. Two ruilroad
bridges near Mullan were blown up last
night, and with them several telegraph
poles. The striken also cut down s number
of poles, thus shutting off communication
by that route for a time. The Gem and
Uraqito mines are all right. The rumor
thut the Granite mine bad been blown up
probably started from the report of the ex
plosion when the bridges were destroyed.
The military investment of the towns is
complete. No one Is allowed to go out with
out a pas. It is probable that many union
miners will be arrested to morrow.
G. R. Smith, who was sent to this city by
the Executive Committee of the Wallace
Millers' Union to prevent the importation
into that section of non-union men, said
that while the origin of the present trouble
could be indirectly traced to a demand for
increase of wages, which wus unsuccessful
lust year, the direct cause of trouble was the
revolt by the men against a hospital tax'of
11 per month levied by the company, which
the miners claimed was not productive of as
sistance to them when needed. The unions
built a hospital at Wullucs and adopted a
rule that the II per month, instead of being
puid to the company, should be paid tn the
hospital. Tho Bunker Hill and Sullivan
Company refused to recogniie the Justice of
this rule, and the strike nwulted in favor of
tho miners. Smith claims the reduction in
wages then followed.
The Twelfth Body Recovered.
Peohia, III., July 10. The body of Mrs.
Kate Beebe was found floating in the river
bore. She makes the twelfth victim of the
Frankls Folsom disaster and is believed to
be the last
An Offer ef Aid In Maintaining; Order
Made by the Steelworkere Was Curtly
Refused by the Oommandlnv Offloer.
Dramatlo Sesne at Headquarters,
Homestead had three sensations Tuesday,
none of them, however, being attended by
violence. The first was the arrival of two
brigades of the State militia. Then came
the refusal of MaJ ir General George R.
Snowilen to permit of a public demonstra
tion In reception ofthe troops. Later In the
day not n little interest was aroused by the
circumstance that a rather large nninlier of
the mill! lumen became too convivial and an
order was Issued that ail so found be taken
to their respective company quarters by de
tails sent nut for that purise.
At the topof a till) overlooking a fair a
valley as ever the sun shone on, the Division
headquarter of the National Guard of Penn
sylvania were yesterday established. The
work of 0,0(10 men of soldierly Inuring, hut
who t ame to Homestead In preserve peace,
not to make war, will be directed from that
point. The sople of Homestead, who de
sire n?rfoct security, are happy, and the few
turbulent spirits, that would stir up strife,
are overawed.
Unjnr Grnmil (Irnryr II. Snnmtrn fn Com
Tnnnil of fir A'titirp (hmrtl.
A dramatic scene occurred ut the division
headquarter of the military between Major
(ien.T.tl Snowilen and a ifelegiuioii repre
aetiliug the Amalgamated Association and
the citizens of Homestead. It was the first
lorimil meeting of the workmen mnl those
who succeeileil them in authority, ami its
iaterest wns heightened by tho Hhsnliila re
fusal of General Snowileii to recognize the
Amalgamated Association or any other
A 'meeting of leaders of the Amalgamated
AsS'kriatioii and prominent citizen was held
at the headquarters of the workinginen
shortly before noon and n committee of
citizens and Amalgamated Association men
was appointed tocull on Ocueral Wiley, of
the Second Brigade, mid tender him the
good wislns and co-otcratiin of the Amal
gamated Association nntl the (teopio of
Homestead and u'so to request that the mil
itary receive (lie workmen of the town in a
bisly headed by brass hands. General Wiley
was named betaus't it was thought General
Hunwileii was lint on the ground.
The memlter of the ctmmitteo nptmlntcd
went iniiiietli itely to the headquarter of the
Second Brigade, but upon tendering their
oiler. General Wiley iliiecteil them to tieu
eral Snowilen, who was quartered ut the
Carnegio school house tin Slianty hill. Gen
eral Wiley and SheriH' McCleary were there
ninl Capti.in Kulm, an cx-militiu oflicer, act
ing as spokesman, told the General that tho
delegation retircM-nlcd the citizens of Home
stead ami tlio Amalgamated Association,
who wished to iis'iirc the state nutl.ority of
their desire to co operate with it in maintain
ing order.
tieueral Fnowden curtly Interrupted Cap
tain K ii li n to say that lie' did not recognize
the A malgamatiil Assis isl till or any other
authority except that of the Governor of
Pennsylvania, and the Sheriff of Allegheny
county. The jieoplc of Homestead, he said,
could best cti-ojternto witli the State troops
by behaving themselves. Captain Kulm
w ent ou to lender all assistance in the power
of the citizens and the Amalgamated As
ptH'iiition, but the General again cut hi in
short with the remark thut lie could not ac
cent any such tenders.
Hugh O'Dntinell stepped forward at this
point mid saiil that in the name of the pco
plc of Homestead nntl the Amalgamated As
stH.'iutiou, the delegation wishes to submit to
the legal authority of the State ufter having
refused to submit to the illegul authority
(meaning the Piiikertons.)
"The gentleman behind you Is the one to
whom you should submit," said General
Snowilen. indicating Sheriff McCleary.
"We always have submitted to his author
ity," suid Mr. O'llonnell.
""I beg your pardon," said the General,
"but you did not do so at the mill."
"I leave It to the Shcrill if we have not
submitted," said Mr. O'llonnell.
"No, you did not," was Sheriff McCIeary's
renly. "You didn't allow luy deputies' to
take charge ofthe works."
This rather nonplussed thedelegstion.and
for a lniiiuto there was silence. Then Mr.
O'llonnell went on to say that the tenders of
oo-operntion grew out ol a mass meeting of
workiiigmeii and citizens of Homestead and
were luuile in their nume, anil not in Hint of
the Amalgamated Association, tieueral
Snowilen said tie recognized no citizens but
those of Allegheny county.
"Then, as citizens of Allegheny county,"
said Mr. U'Domiell, "wo come here to see
"Then I'm glad to see you, gentlemen,"
was the General's reply. "1 am glad that
our position hero is welcomed by the citi
scn of Allegheny comity."
This gave Mr. O'llonnell his opportunity
to say that the men of the town wished to
form in a hotly with four brass bands and
Eh si in review before the troops, hut General
iiowden refused to consider the proiosl
tion. He did not want a reception, he said.
He was there to carry out the command of
theStateof Pennsylvania, and not to have
any formality. "If I were in my personal
cufiacity," he said, "it would be very Halter
ing, but I am not."
Tills concluded the Interview, and after
some moments of embarrassed silence, the
delegation withdrew in anything but a good
The situation was truly dramatic. Gen
eral Snowilen ref using at first to even accept
the self-introduction of tiie leaders. Sheriff
McCleary refusing to introduce them, their
assumed humility, and the final dignified
declaration of the Major General of the
division that he was master of the situation,
formed a picture of the supremacy of order
worthy to set opposite the bloodiest scene of
last Wednesday in a comparative display of
the power of opposite forces.
The Leasee Ueeord.
The following table shows the standing of
the various base bull clubs :
Tost- Tor
Won. Iost. poued. C'eut.
Brooklyn 2.... 0 0 1.000
New York 1.... 0 1 1.00)
Baltimore 1.... 1 0 5U)
Boston.. 1... 1 o fioo
St. Louis 1.... 1 0 MS)
Philadelphia 1.... 1 0 500
Cleveland 1.... 1 0 500
! Cincinnati I.... 1 0 500
I Louisville 1.... 1 0 500
Washington 1.... 1 0 500
Pittsburgh 0.... 1 1 000
nt.i..n ..... o ... a ....0 001
tome ef the Important Changes Which
It Inueeuratea How Nominations
May Be Invalldatsd-A Review ef the
In tho discussion relative to th Rakpf
ballot law. the attention of the voter ha
been principally directed Inward the cluinee
wrought In the method by which the indi
vidual voter register hi will lit the ballot
box, and the fact that the new law complete
Iv revololioiiir.es the manner in which the
voters, In their aggregate capacity a mem.
Iters of txilitical orirniiizilioiis, conduct nntl
determine the preliminary matters nceessnry
for united party nctloii. apppear to have
been, by the general public, at least, in a
rreat measure overlooked. The importance
nf these clinnue Is ancli, that brief review
of them at this time seem pertinent.
a HAT Tllf sK I IMtniM r.
An examination of the law show that
Ibese Innovation relate to the following
First The method of certifying nninliia
I'on to the proter oflicer chsri'ed bv th"
law witli determining their validity, and. in
turn, certifying them to the other olllcer
whose dole It is to prepare ami issue the
OfhYial ballots to be used at all elections.
Second The manner of testing anil deter
mining their validity, the somewhat extra
ordinary powers conferred uimiii those who
sre aiitliorir.etl to decide all qticMliitn ari
ing. ami the apparently irremediable com
plication which may result from an atlverse
Third The diflleultle w hich mav beset
Ibese olllcer. owing to the peculiar pro
visions of the law, In the prompt and
printer preparing of the lists of candidate
und certifying tbem to the siihonlinatn
Mllolnls, who must prepare and distribute
the official ballot.
Tin: 111 nth to tiK cnvstncnni.
In this discussion attention i only called
fo I hose noni illations required tn lie i ci tilled
'o the Secretary of the Commonwealtli by
political organ!, itiotis recognized by the law
political parlies, the proceedings in the
:tise of nominations madn bv nomination
papers for tliesn olllce being the same,
while in the case, of county, municipal. Imr
Hugh ami township officers tliey ore practi
cally the same, the difference being in the
ntl'ii crs tn whom they nre certified nod who
ball determine their validity nntl in the
n tl in tier of days prior to the tlnv of election
within wincb'tliey must be liletl.
Section 2 of the Baker law read. In part,
Is follows:
A ny convention of delegate, or primary
meeting of electors, or caucus ncld under
the rule of a Hililiel party, or any hoard
liithitri.tsl to certify nomination repre
enting a political party, w hich, at the elec
tion next preceding. ptlPedat least three per
:entiim of the larirest entire vote for any of
llce cast in the Stale, or in the rlectorial dis
trict or division thereof, for which such pri
mary meeting, caucus, convention or board
flesire lo make or certify !ininitiatinn,mav
nominate one Cfinilida'o for each ollico
which is to lie filled In the State, or in saitl
district or division, at tho next ensuing elec
tion, by causiiigacnrtilicafe of nomination
lo Im drawn up and liletl a hereinafter pro
vided. rnl.tTII'st. PABTIr. AIIF NOW IIEI 'KiVIZKIt.
'I'he striking feature of this clause, and
which works a radical change, I that, for
practically the first time in our history, the
lection law recognize political parlie.
Heretofore the policy of the State ha tieeu
lo recognize the unit, the individual nt ting
tponlaneoiisly through the instrumentality
f the ballot, tint theory being being Hint a
majority of these political unit, or individ
nal voters, acting spontaneously, have ebos
n our rulers, t if course, this has been but
j me ineory, mr since ino very organ'rnion
f our Govn niiient tlio representative of
I the individual voter, or of a part of them,
. have elts tei tlieeaniliilates, ami their clec
i lion bus been the result, not of spontaneous,
tint. concerted action of individual voter.
oui nie ciccutiii law mis nercioi'iru ttiiiy
recognize I the Individual.
Wow it not only recognizes the pnrfy. but
prescribes the indispensable requisition for
that re.iiguition that it shall have, at the
lection next preceding, ollcd at least three
tier centum of the largest entire vote for any
Mllco cast in the State' ami also lay down
:ne methtsls by which the pre'iuiinury
deps necessary for concerted ujtion at the
tolls shall be taken.
This action also make another radical
ieparliire from previous iiolii-y. It pructi
a'ly incorKirates the rules of the s-veral
aolitical parlies into the jurisdiction of tho
State. Ail nomination nitnln and tiled for
I place on the oflieial ballot by certificates of
riomination mint be made ami certified by
inventions, primary meeting, caucuses or
boards "held under the rules of a iiilif nl
tiarty." If not so made, or if made in vio
lation of these rules, they may. a will be
ihown hereafter.be disdared invalid by thoj
official having prtqier cognizance thereof.
Thesn certificates of nomination, and this
year they include Presidential electors. Con
gressmen. State officer. Judge, State Se
nutor und Assemblymen, shall set forth
ipecitically "the party or policy which such
'fimlitlate represents; the name of each can
lidnte nominated thereon, his profession,
business, or occupation, if any, and hi
place of residence, with street aiid itumher
thereon, if any: ami the olllce for which
inch candidate Is nominated," and shall be
ligned by the presiding olllcer and the se
cretary or secretaries of the body making or
certifying the nomination, who shall add
thereto their place of re-idence. and shall
ne sworn or affirmed to by tbem before an
uftlccr qualified to administer osths, to be
true ami correct to the best of their know
ledge and belief. They shall then be tiled
with the Secretary of the Commonwealth at
least ftti day before the day of election.
These are the sH?cillc requirement. of the
law as to the form, certification and tiling
cf certificates of nnminut'on, and the im
portance of a strict compliance witli every
provision becomes very apparent when, as
a further perusal of the statute shows, the
lightest informality or fuilure to so comply
might re. ult in the nominations being do
lured invalid.
Objection to certificates of nomination,
of which there are two clase, must be
only mutlein writing within :io days alter the
last day for their riling with the Secretary
of the Commonwealth. The first class aro
"objtctions as to form or apparent conform
ity or non-conformity to hw." These must
be considered by the Secretary nf the Cum.
monwealth," conjointly with the Auditor
General and Attorney Generul, and ahull be
decitted finally by majority of these Ctrl
cers." From this it appeura that on any
failure to comply with any requirements of
the law relative to the form of these certifi
cates two of these tlir-e officers may declare
the nomination invalid, ami from this de
cision there is no appeal. Nor is there any
provision for amendment, so that the error
muy be rectified. Neither is there oppor
tunity for new nominations, for tlie certifi
cate of nomination must be filed at least M
days before the day of election, except when
a candidate dies or withdraws. Thus the
mere failure to give "the business, profes
sion or occupation" of any cantlidate or
"his place of resilience, with the street and
number thereon," or the place of residence
of the presiding officer or secretary of the
body nominating him. might, at tiie discre
tion of two State officers, invalidate in whole
or in part the nominations of either or both
ot the leading parties, and deprive their can
didates of a place upon the olltciul ha Hot.
It is true thut the voters should "insert"
their names upon theblunk space required
lo be provided on the ballot, either by writ
ing them, or, under the recent decision of
the Uupr tune Court, by the use of stickers,
but when a half million voters had to do
this trouble must necessarily lollovr.
pisri TKs ovsa rAurv hclks.
The second class of objections, which, in
the esse nf officers for the Stats st large, are
to be liletl and determined In tlio Court of
Common Pleas of Paunhln county, and in'
all other cases In the courts In the districts
for which such nominations are made, arr
"as to the validity of certificates of nomina
tion or papers of nomination other than ob
Jectionsss to form or apparent conformity
as hereln-before described."
The questions to be determined by these
tribunals will, to a large extent, be thoss
arising from dispute relative to party role.
When the number of parties now existing,
or that may la formed, I remembered, aniP
the various rule relating to State, con
gressliiniil. Judicial, senatorial anil leglslallve
iiomliiiitiiin are considered, the almost In
finite variety of dispute thai may arise will
bo plainly apparent. Anil while It I but
reasonable tu supte (bat the court will hec
Inclined to ronstriio these rule liberally It I
not easy to see, In view of the fact that their
decision an- lltial, ninl not subject Pi review
by the Supreme Court bow any uniform
construction can be hail or uniform praetie
rstiihlished. I'he law seem also faulty In
Unit it provide no method of olficinlly
notifying the Secretary of tho Common
wealth nf the court's decision in any case in
hearing. I oMri.lcsTlox WHICH MW ARtsr.
As objections of either class neod not be
llied until todays after the last day for tiling
the -ertillcatos, nntl as Section 0 require ther
Seerelarv of thefoinuinn wealth to transmit,,
at least todays before the day of election,
"to the County Commissioner und Sheriff"
of each county, duplicate official lists tinting
the names ami resilience of ami parties or
Hilitiis represented by all candidate whose
nomination certificate have been tiled with,
him," there are thus only 17 day In which
the Secretary of the Commonwealth, An
ditnr General ami Attorney General, the
liauphiii county court ami the several
County courts shall bear nntl determine all
contenions which mav arise. There are 07
counties in the State, ami the certificate of
lit mi i lint it ill this year embrace Presidential
ICIeetors, State nominees, 2H Congressmen,
'i't State Senators, and 201 Assemblymen for
the two lending parties, and in addition sncli
nominations as may be made by Prohibition,
anil Peoples' parties.
There i yet another provision of the law
which might still further complicate mat
ter. Section 7 provides that any candidate
may withdraw by tiling with tho Secretary
of the t 'ommonwealih, l.'i dav previous tc.
the election, a request in writing, properly
signed anil uknnwlcdgcil. Consequently the
duplicate list to be transmitted to the
County Commissioner cannot lie closed un
til this limit ha expired, which practi
cally leaves hut live tliivs for their prepare--tion.
AN Olist I II K I'linVlslllX OF THH l,tV.
Confusion may also arise tin ler tiie'
further provision's of Section tl. directing Hie
"secretary of the Commonwealtli to Iran
mit, at least 10 day before tlie dav of elec
tion, to tlie Commissioner ninl Sherifl
"duplicate olflcial list stating tlio nam"
ml residence of ami parties policies
represented by all candidates whose nomina
tion fcrlilicalc or puters have been liletl'
with him. and have not been found and tle
f laretl to be invalid, and to have been voted,
for at each voting place in each such county,,
respectively, substantially in the form of
lie ballots to be used (herein." This provis
ion seem somewhat obscure. In many of
the counties no one list of candidates can be
"voted for ot each voting placo" In the
roiuily. Notably i this tlie case in Phila
delphia and Allegheny counties. Tho voter,
nf Allegheny county take part this full in
the election of three Congressmen, two
Senators and HI Assemblymen, the latter
being chie-.cn from eight district. Kitlier
the Secretary of tlie Com moll wealt'i must
Iriinsiiiit list properly covering all these-mil-division,
or lie intist send a mere list ol
ill the candidates, ami leave their distribu
tion to tint County Commissioner under
'bat provision of 'Section l.'l, whiclj says)
Unit they "shall ascertain the offices to he
I'll led and shall lie responsible for the accu
rate printing of the bullo's in accordance,
ivi'b ('-! ti'-t."
'Ibc.c.'ue Kline, of the feature of tho
linker law which demand die careful atten
tion of tlie voters, and especially those who
ire charged by their respective pailic witli
die very responsible duty of attending to
'ho'e preliminary proceedings pertaining
't t tie ntiiiiiiuitio i end certification of can
litlate in (inter that their numiti may he
oroperly anil legally place I upon the olllcial.
itallot. While it is prohahle i lint m my of
'he complication piinted out as possible
'ititlei- tlie provision of ttio law may not
iris-, yet prinhncn wn-ild indicate that It
very requirement be observed. Hkxky.
H ii,!,, in I'itttburg Time.
rbs Homestead 'Pa.) Men Recsiva For
mil Notlo to Take Their
Old Plaoes.
Sat unlay was a quiet day in Ifomastead'
for soldiers and civilians alike. Tiie most
important event unions tho mill men was
I mass meeting at Duquesne in the after
soon. The expected notice to ret jrn to
work were received by the men by mail.,
riiey read as follows:
Thk t'Ansrtii:-: t'Trn, Coarssv. fTft.
HoMl.MTK4li, Pa., July l iwrj.
Ties Sin Repulrs will tie resnmetl oft, Montis?,
mnriilnic. July I . Isy' We invite ynu to letiirn lt.
your ulti pi sllliiu, work ttteinnttii'iiee ut tne n-tml
Uinrf. Ke-ptKMfinly, J. A. furrsH. (ieuer.il ortlew.
This notice wus supplemented in the af
ternoon by the posting of the follow. ir cir
cular on walls and fences:
NoTicrr-lnillvltlnnt opiil't-ailons for employment
line Hinne'tlettil Sle.l WerliS will utt reeel.ett tty
On. Oent-ral Mis'rliilentlenl. elllier hy teller or in
person, until t-in., Tltiinttliiy, July Is'tJ. it I
unr tleHire to is-tnln la our Mttrvlee tail of nur ottl eni
pl.pyes whose mi.t ri-enfil ts .litlttfiu-ttiry anil wha
illtl let Ulte purl In tin, nttemut, whlt-b hsvn tiei-n
nm-lf to Itilerlere will our I Itfllts to lilttiuiK nnr -Inl-lnewi.
Klleh of ttnroltl ettltlt,.ves Mt (lit tint ttpply hy
the llnteiilttive niiinitil will be cints,il ri'fl an linvlnK
notleslre u re-eiuer our einidovnient, uml tlie
position wlilch lliev tifl.l will Int given fo other
men, ami lite first Hpplylii will navtt tlis eholes of
UlilUleil po-ltloli. rtn wlilell lllt-y are Hllltaltle,
Tins nolle.! will ho tlie lust sivt-n i the
pinplovesor tint works. Ami after nun ffimiiUnhca
Willi tins, I'Uives will ls Itlletl with uon-iiiitou uittu.
Curuegle Slettl I'd., I. tin.,
Jt. C Khicx, Clialrinnn.
Tn these notices the men paid slight .
A large mass meeting of the mechanics
snd laborers of the Homestead mill was
held Sunday morning ut Homestead to take
action regarding the invitation of the com
uiy for them to resume their positions in.
the mill.
There were several addresses made, and
everybody was allowed a free expression of
opinion. U had been rumored and publish
ed in some of tlie newspapers thut when the
gates opened Monday morning un ier mili
tary protection a lurge number of the work
men who ure not menu, era of the Amulga
muted Association would go to work. Ttie
sense of this meeting, however, was decided
ly to the contrary. A committer drafted
and reported a set of resolutions, ami when
a rising vote was culled every man stoo t ou
bis feet, it was a unanimous vote in favor
of remaining out. The following is a copy of"
the resolutions :
Whereas, We, the employes of the merhsa'eal tie
partmeut autl day lutjorer. nf thtt lurmMle rteel
i works ut lloniitsteati, lu insttiiua u-uteinuivti, tlo iim-r
ihe It.llowmii hs unr views lu ragtu-u to Uie labor
trnnblt extjiiliitf nt prt-M-ut:
! Kewilveil, Thai w are lu avtnpalhy with the Ama.1-tutiisu-d
ASMM-latltm suU pltsltfe ountelvtM lu Maud
i W illi them to l:ie eutl.
HeuilviMt. That wit eoDshter ! an ttijustlrn to the -nits-Uauieui
uVimrtnieui anil day lubottir 4111I an lu
ault tu their uiuuiiimm! tt uk ihm lo work uutler
liuar,, t we beiivtt llial tu tuut laud uf Um trtat ait
men kltould be f lee.
I A copy of these resolutions was forwarded,
to the advisory commutes and another givenv
to the preas. After the passage of the reso
lutions a committee of twenty was appoint
ed to tuke a copy tu Superiulent f otter and
inform him thai they would notcotuo back,
to w rk until the trouble had been sutiafao-
torily settled.
, The "Northwestern Miller," Minneapolis,.
Minn., reports the stock in private elevators
at l,07tt,000 bushels, decrease for tut wsela
of 23,000 bushels.

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