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I )a Lunnd up all il.o stray barrels and
I I xcs that night in her tumor I Joliu Guidon retired from being tho host ol ''11c Villapc Tavern," and David Bipe low rnd Mrs Martha Bir.elow look his j late, and for twenty years dispensed its hospitalities ; after which period, round in purine and person, they gave way in turn. John Cordon lived many years after, undisturbed in the wealth that by legal right belonged to Lctty. Philip Conger was not rich, but fortune prospered with him and ho grew bo. Ou the night of Martha's arrest, with the iustinct of love, he knew that gome, thing was being plotted by John Gor. don, without knowing what, nnd believ ed it to be a scheme to remove Lctty. Watching, he saw old Brown drive to the door with his cart, lie stole noise Jesslvtothc Latk (I the hoiifc. tic heard Martha summoned to the p:.rlor There was no time to lose. I To knew every step ol the house, and in a nio meiit was lesule Letty. lLerewas no time for preparation, for thonpht. While the two men were aecut-iuir Martha in !thc parlor, the lovers were fiviii';i.hruigl the Garden, and ignorant of all that oo curred, until David Bigelow, by never. ceasing search, found them and told the story. I hope that it is r.ot taking away the romance of my tale to toll tbnt Letty Gordon and Martha Field that wore, are both grandmothers, comely and handsome at that. Til CltSDAy, JULY 5, 1SC6. JOHN O. HALL, KIUTOR i FROPUIKIOR. j. r. nooke, ri lii.isuiK. TOR UOVETlN'OIt, HIESTER CLYMER, OF BERKS COUNTY. Card. The programme for the fu lure publication of this paper, published iu last week's issue in a notico at the het d of tue editorial column, was unau thorized and will uut be followed. As proprietor, I aiu responsible for what, ever appears in these column?, editorial ly, but am not to bo held as adopting th'j sentiments of articles selected from oilier papers or communicated, and so marked. The local column will bo uu- ucr tho control of Mr. J. F. Moore. It is duo to Mr. Moure to pay, lljat business engagements havo prevented mc from giving him any aid in the con. duet of the paper for somo time pat;t, and the credit of its management is en tirely due to hiu. JOHN G. HALL. CoiivspoiCisic for ii): jftiV'tuitk. Mr, Editor : Philomath's cubical pit 15,782 miles on a side is too small to bold 1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000, 000 pigeons by nearly eighty. live hun dredths of a mile. A very email portion off so large a pit would make a good deal but if tho 770 pigeons already thrown off were to bo placed on the side of no largo a pit they would'nt amount to the smallest scratch that could possi bly be made. If Philomath will reduce 15,782 inches, to inches cube tbc num ber of inches and subtract that cube fiom the numbcrof pigeons given in the question ho will find an awful sight of pigeons left that should be profitably disposed of. Now I would propose let. ting Sumner and Stevens have them at i one cent per dozen to feed colored gtu. j tiemen ana loan tue amount at six per ccut for tho interest to bo appropriated towards paying the National Debt. For what length of timo should that sum bo loaned, so that the interest would pay the debt, allowing tho debt to be scvou billion of dollars, and how long would the pigeons debt last. Four million of those gentlemen, allowing each gentleman to consume two dozen pigeons per day, which would be a gen erous allowance with a liberal supply of vegetable fool. Will any one answer ? II. W. E LK G O U N T By a Northwestern Pennsylvania!!. iiAtlLY 8ETTLEMKNT OFRIDC1WAY AND YICIMTV CONTINUED. ENOS GILLIS. This wcllknowu individual and wor thy citizeu to whom frequent allusion has been made, may be considered as tho founder of " Ridgway settlement." 'His adveut to this place, which has al ready beeu throuicled, was as early as 1321 soou after which he commenced building his saw. mill and tannery, un der tho supervision of Mr. Gallagher, wh'j conducted the tannery as has also been niouttonod. He was moro of a quiet and home um than his brother James. Hiu iu C 1 in V.I mitteri previous to, and (V. . luring his many years rtsidonco at Ridgway, was of a character moro felt than seen. His wisdom and shrewdness were always in requisition, and had much to do with not only tho settlement itself, but in all the affaiis of county and township influeuco at home and abroad. As before mentioned, the township of Ridgway was large, composing about one-third part of the county of Jefferson. The south part of tho county could outvote Ridgway, and they were in a measure disposed to keep Ridgway " out in tho cold." In triennial asacssmeuts, much watchfuluess was required to ob tain fair play. The expenses of the county were mainly supported by the tax on unseated lands, which were, if we judge by the complaints of the own. era, often unrelentingly assessed. Thus for county purposes, the southern part, holding the offices, and having control of all the funds, could, and did, too of ten, make hard rrqtii: itionr upon th ; tax funds of Ridgway township. Bridg es and other improvements wort-, made by county funds in one part of the coun ty to the entire exclusion of Ridgway township, it required such a man as Kuos Gillis to counteract these measures, which he did to a great extent, and for which he uesenc.l mure thanks limn lie got from landholders or citizen.. He was for many years a prominent manag er of tho "Milcbiirg & Smethport Turnpike Company," to tho necessary details of which he was iudefatigablc and successful. Iu iutellect he was far above medioo. rity. As a magistrate an office which he held, as well as others, iu the county of Ontario, N. Y., from which place- tie removed to Ridgway his decisious and records were subjects of approval and comment among legal men. -Ilia object was more to reconcile and adjust be tween parties than to litigate. One case, "however, came boforo him which required all his tact and recur rence to ' technicalities " iu the law to obviate iujustico to a party, and at the same time to decide according to tho evidenco, a." a magistrate. The defen dant was proprietor of a tannery it was unenclosed, at least so fur as to ex eludo the canine race in shape of dogs. These auimals, as U well kuown, havo an ardent peiwhunt for (.corps of raw hide, and if not plenty, do not hesitato to eiirrv of a vhulo shin. A r.rowlins oue of his species, worthless tosoeietyas well u: to his owner, had often tfonu mischief about, the premises, and by watchfulness the owcer of the yard and a magistrate to boot caught the snL mal in tho act and actunlly shot him poor doggy rati home cud died upou the ihre.jhholl ot his master's door, whose wrath was kindled ngaiust an innocent neighbor. TLc owner was a Hollander, and like his prototype, (another Dutch man.) Although bis dog was worthless, yet, " as ho killed him cut of Fpitc he should pay for him." lie made infor mation before Gillis ayaiuAt his innocent neighbor for malicious mischief, in kill ing his dog. As a magistrate, aad ac cording to his usual custom, Gillis tried to appease the angry owuer offered to pay something himself, rather than the scandal cf a suit before him should oo. cur, and all for tho sake of a pernicious eur dog ! All of no avail with the Dutchman ; he tendered the fees and Jemr.i'.'lcd a warrant, which was finally granted. Tho trial came on, and to the annoyance of tiiC mflpialrate, some of his friends who had an iiitili.'1 of tbc facts were in attendance, to whncN ;!- fuu. and tact of the mngitnac. Jto '.Titne.-scs were nia::y, swore to the good character of ifco l. icy dog. "lie wai never kuoiui to go off the farm, and was a quiet dog ; never sto!e nothing, nor run sheep; hadn't a single enemy rserpt this neighbor, who had often said the cuss ought to be killed," nnd as it happened that about that time, this man was actually seen with his gun and that a dheharge of the same wus heard just before the dog arrived homo bleeding and soon lifeless much tcri mony was evinced before the magistrate by the parties at suit, as well as witness es, which required all the authority of the court to suppress. Tho testimony closed with ' sure proof that tho man killed the dog1. The magistrate observ ed, " as it was a "npecial" case, and de. serving mud reflection, ho would tako the four days to maka up a judgment " before that timo parties had cooled off somewhat, when the magistrate very quietly informed the plaintiff, that as the evidence was not altogether clear, he could not eonscienciously enter judg ment against the defendant, and as a salvo, told hiin that ht need pay no at tention to the costs, the case never appeared upou his docket, it k fair to suppose it was never entered. But the "fun of the thing" was not for along time forgnttcu by Li tesociateH; nor dil plaintilT or dJcnJaut ever unler- stand tho reason of his decision. Ilia house was alwayn open to the traveler, often to tho great discomfort of tbc household, and it was not uutil houses of entertainment were set up in tho vicinity, that he and his family were relieved from these expensive hos pitali- tics. About the your 18 11 ho removed with his 'family to Sharpsbttrg, near Pittsburg, and subsequently to Mar. shall, Michigan; ho was highly esteem ed at tho latter place, where ho buried his mothcr.in law, a daughter, then his wife, and finally, whilst on a visit to Jiuigway, no a(so uieu, His remain? were taken mere as iiKewtso those ot ins son William (a very promising youth), who died at Ilarrisburg soon after. All thoso named now sleep in tho same graveyard far away fiom the scones of forest lifts in Ridgway. Public schools had always his warm. est support, and the Ridgway school U' was greatly indebted to him for his intli- vidital exertions in its support. m.: .!...:.. i. ..L.i... i i.- . n:ii:.. .:n serve his friends and relations who now survive as a memento of his parental, social kindness and moral worth. Messrs. Winnartu and Dickinson in 1832 partly on business and to visit the G ill Is mado an excursion into Peuneyl vauia, via Smethport, Bunker Hill to Ridgway thev had provided them selves with a good stout two horso wag on and were accompauied by Mrs. W with a child in her arms. They did not reach Bunker Hill 'till a late hour The fore part of the evening was exces sively dark, and the road for tho last five miles was superlai ivcly bad. Mr. Scull, who was acquainted with the road. P. M. Dickinson walked at the Horses heads carrying " fox fire " which in the darkness that " could bo felt," shone quite luminously On emerging from tho doep forest aud reaching tho ascent of Buukcr Hill about midnight, tho full moon had just aroso in her beautiful majesty, all fu. ii 1 t 1 1 A 1 iiguo anu apprenensiou nanisncu ar, once as they drove up to the hou,o of ouu.u0i u.ms i.sq., no men resiucu on tbo premises, whoso wifo was a sister of Mr. Wilmarth. -A Bhort and recogni tion soon brought all tho raalo members to tho street, as much surprised as if the party had dropped from the clouds chprrlnl mrnl nnd onnyprsation pro. louged tho night to near tho day. Mr. Gillis had just then taken a contract to make tho turnpike from tha " eleven milo spring" to tho "North Fork " and he was then commencing thanty life Wilmarth and Dickinson on horse back reached his ehanty next day in time for a dinner on pork and potatoes. lheir appearance ou tho tablo was a mystery to them ; where did they come from av.d how transported to this place ? Tho answer was. The potatoes were brought from tho settlement (another uiy9tery) and the pork had been packed on a thirty year old roulo from Warren ty the wifi(7 to Montmorency thir. ty-fivo miles ; thence fifteen miles to the shanty ? To those who como from a land of superabundance, it appeared like extravagant living. Samuel Gillis saddled his horso and rodo through to Montmorency and Ridgway; Charles Gillis, son of Enos & a mere lad, was at tho shanty and came through also, and and hero was first noticed, tho perfect ease a horso that was accustomad to the paths would glide over the logs and stones, compared with those that have just come from emoth clay roads. The cry of " hold up " wws often heard as the experienced animals out distanced tho others, Tho conversation during this ride will never be forgotten, Sam " had very justly appreciated tho riches lying doimant and scuttcred over this vast territory. There, was no misttiko is his enthusiasm as to facts ; ho was merely ahead of tho age. Wilniarth was floptical aud had disputed several probabilities, 'till Sam was losing tern, per. Whcuto tho question. "What iu Haavcu's name is to be doue in, or with this country," his impatience lost bounds. " Why L. our vdlies contain tho richest soil, tho wholo country is covered with the finest whito pino, wa ter to convey it to market. Supera. buudance of water power to manufacture and tho hills are lull of the richest Iron oro and coal all that combines to make a country rich " and you will tee it all," as his eye dilated, his form t-eemed ex panded as he rose in his stirrups to point out the existence of these facta (though it was next too impossible to disceru more than four rods, such, was the density of tho forc3t.) Mr. W. must have caught tho inspiration as ho in stantly communicated tho project of ma king Iron on a largo scale. It was to luild a (lain across a stream, creating a water power requisite. An immense bellows with a bar of iron to reach in the centre of tho mines of coal and Iron ignito tho coal. The melting oro could run itself to tho bank ready to ship to Pittsburgh. Although it may be euppo. scd there was a mock seriousness iu the project - yet might it not have iouml lodgmci.t iu W's -brain, for in less than ten months thereafter tho writer saw him plodding his lonely way over this very route, accompanied by his wife, and hired girl on horseback, to fix an abode for his family atRidgway. The writer is not cer tain that, had it not been for Dickinson, every hemlock would have been trans formed to pine iu his estimation ; Di"k- in3on was iu tho lumber busiuoss and could not be mistaken. Tho party reached tho house of J. L. Gillis at evening, tho capabilities of the soil were (hen examined and discussed. The next day they proceeded to the "creek" and were domiciled with their old friend - uos Gillis. Next day a ride was ta ken up tho turnpike towards Kersey, from tu0 posit-iou and summit, could be seen the waving tops ot those pino that thereafter became so highly valued. TO BE CONTINUED. Letter from JL.T. JL. Mb. Editor Dear Sir: Some thrco mouths ago I took the privilege of communicating to you tho result of somo reflections upon the question of a representative from tho 19th District in tho next Cougress. Thoso reflections you deemed of sufficient importanco to be submitted to the publio. Tho recep tion they have met with has boen quite as fuvorablo as could have bocu expeo ted. Every conservative paper in tho (jstr;ct. with a siusrlo exception, has spoken of iheni in terms of approbation Tho W'arreu Ledger an influential and ably conducted paper, commenced column leader as if the purpose of the writer was the total annihilation of my suggestions ; but before tho author got half through I was pleased to find that ho was actuated by precisely tho same motives that should influence the action of every man who is not a fauatical ila(jicali If the Democrats wcro strong . t ; reasonable hope that a nHghfrout Democrat could bo elected it would be wrong in them not to pre sent such a man. And the Johnson Republicans would bo equally at fault if they attempted to offer one of their own men ; but they should, (in case Mr, other mau holding tho revolutionary opinions ho docs) make every effort to secure the election of such Democrats Dut the editor of tho Ledger cannot havo the slightest idea that there is any Democrat in the district and it has some 0f the best mcif in the State- wrj0se selection woi-.ld give any ussu ranee of success. Then I take it for K,anted that the Lcdacr may be proper hy rauked with the other conservative jia,)0rs ja the district, as favorable to eucu acti0!1 ng w;n USUl-e tho defeat of tle Radicals. Any man who bag any knowledge of the history of politisal parties in this country must kuow that tho questions growing out ot reconstruction will en tirely engross the attention of our pub he councils lor at least three or nur years. All other questions will fjive way to these. If so, ichy should Demo crats hesitate to trust Conservative, or Johnson, Republicans ? It is tho aim cf every patriot to restore the Vuion to what it wus before tho war. This can only be dono by seeming to all the States prccitJy the santo rights as ind pendeut communities that they posse sed previous to the attempted secession Are not i;ciuocrais ana Johnson men in perfect harmony ou this question Do the Democrats demand any measure looking to re construction that tho con servatives aro unwilling to concede ? not, are they any tho less iu favor of them because they aws supported by th aim. Abolition clement f io assume that they are, o' would be, is to sumo that party guilty of the mest mer. cenary character. It is uow quite certain that Mr. S ;co field will be rc-nomiuated not becauso a majority of tho men who voted for hi in 1SG1 endorse his radicalism, or aro in favor of his return to tho trust las so persistently violated but simply because the machinery wbijli controls the nominations of tho Republican party in this district is iu the hands ot men who aro as heedless of publio opinion as Mr. Scofield himself. No. mau of cither branch ot Congress has been more obe dient to the will of tho Traitors Oi in .n elevens auu oumner, tnau nc. to say that a majority of tho people of this dis triet or even of tho Republican party of 18G4 endorse the sentiments of bucb men is preposterous. I would just as soon believe that they were in favor of placing our glorious old Commonwealth in Vr tr.e protcc'iou of Masamilliau Not less than two thousand cood and tiuo menwhu voted for Scofield in 1804, arc now ready and anxious to voto for any man of known moral integrity who will faithfully and fearlessly stand by tho President iu tho next Congress upon all questions touching reconstruction. Will the Democrats give them tho opportuni. ty? It may bo asked, why not take a Democrat, whose support of the Presi dent's policy cannot bo doubted 1 Tho auswer is, because so largo a portion of these two thousand anti-radical Rcpub cans might withhold their support as to render success doubtful. I kuow that there are many men of this class who feel assured that the next Congress will be entirely occupied with these ques. tions and are perfectly willing to sup. port any man tho Democracy are likely to select. But is their number sulli- cient to insure success? I, fear not. Then why throw away a ccrtaiuty for an uncertainty '( The radicals will make utrpreeeden. ted efforts to carry this district. Forney boasts of the " substantial injlumce " of tho Union League. By this ho means its vast wealth, as a Corruption Fund. Let patriots tako warning. This dis trict can bo saved : tho hands of the President strengthened j the " Traitora" and Radicals rebuked ; and our country restored in all its elements of greatness. Ymi.-n, L. T. L. (From the liuffalo Daily Courier.) The Coat Fields and the Buf falo and ttt shing ton It. Ml. The rapid increase of manufactures in this city, tho importance of an abun. dant supply of cheap coal, and tho con ceded advantages of this point as a coal market render of practical interest all projects designed to render the immense ccal fields of Pennsylvania more accessi ble to our citizens. Every Duffalonian, whether engaged in commerce or manu factures, or coucerncd in real estate, has pecuniary interest, first in securing di rect and easy access to tho coal which is needed fur local consumption aud can be profitably shipped, and, second, iu securing the largo and constantly in creasing trado with the thriving towns which are springing up on tho line of tho Philadelphia and Erie Railroad and on the route of the projected road from this city to Emporium. We hazard nothing in sayiug that this regiou of country will requiro supplies of a value equal in amount to that of ibu uoul we should require for homo consumption and for export. It was w ith the views of ascertaining the extent ot the Coal Filds to be reach ed directly or indirectly by the Buffalo and Washington Railroad that a conv mittee of the Common Council and other gentlemen were invited to visit the coal regions in Elk and Cameron counties. Leaving the city Tuesday morning, the party went to Erie, and from thence by the Philadelphia and Erie Railroad, to the junction of this road with tho Da gnscahonda road, at a point 'between Ridgway and St. Mary's, about 125 miles from Erie. The line of tho P. & E. road passes through a rough and un cultivated country, Warren being tho only considerable town after leaving Corry. There are numerous derricks-in the valleys along the route, which stand inscripticulcss tomb stones, not very sacred to the memory of some defunct oil company. At Kane '94 J miles from Erie, tho party were met by Gen. Thomas L. Kane, who did some service during the war as a commander of " IJucktails," nnd i3 now devoting himself to the do. vclopmcr.t of a large tract of coal and lumber lands, and is superintendent of the Erie Miuing Company which was organized iu January 1805. This gen. tleman desired to call tho attention ot tho party to the fact that they were ap. proaehing the "Johnson's Run Coal Basin," tho northernmost coal lands of Elk county, which could be relied on to supply coal iu largo quantity. The lands of this company are about twelve miles south-cast of Lafajetteo, McKean county, a station on the New York and Erie extension, and would be crossed by a road from tho state lino to John sonbnrg. Joseph Leslie, Geologist for tho State, has made a lengthy report on the mineral and coal properties of this tract, in vhich ho classes it as belonging to " tbo Middlo coal system to that por tion of it lying below tho Freeport sand stone. In this report Prof. Leslie says, " Tho coal measures are thicker in this basin, than in any locality to the west or northwest, or indeod north of the railroad in cither Cameron, Elk or MoKean Counties. The on. ly coals now being mined and seeking a market are those of St. Mary's which are the lowest coals of the measures, and ar distant 129 milos from Erie. The Dajircahonda wAt, iu tjio same basin as the last named, will havo to be . carried 131 miles before reaching Erie." V e make these extracts to present the opinion of a distinguished gcologint up on tho character of this tract, which is the only one lu the section more acces. siblo to Etio than to Buffalo. At tho junction abovo named, we were met by Lyman Wilmarth, Super intendent of the Daguscahonda Coal Company, and a party of gentlemen fiom Ccntrcville, and taken upon a platform car to tho present termination of the road, about four and ono-half miles from tho Philadelphia and Erie road. It is in contemplation to extend the road fur ther so as to give outlet to the coal of this Basin which covers an erea of about six and one-half miles wido by twelve or fifteen miles long. At tho junction, aro the works of the Elk County Min ing aud Improvement Company. This company has made somo progress in opening their mines, and have erected tho necessary facilities for loading their coal upon the cars when there is a de. mand or a market for it. At the termination of the Dagusoar honda road, which has been built by tho company bearing this jaw .breaking name, aro tho buildings and improve, mcnts of tho company, comprising tho shutes, a blacksmith-shop, &c. The drift of this company has been extended about 1,300 feet and somo thirty cham bers have already been mined. This company can take out two hundred tons a day, and havo 1,000 tons ready for shipment. They havo already expen ded some 0250,000 in developing tho property, including the building of tho railroad. Tho vein of coal averages three feet in thickness and the quality improves as the drift proceeds. Min ing is for the present, suspended. After an examination of this mine, tho party were taken in carriages, by tho good people of Ccntreville, to in spect the various mines and coal open ings in tho vicinity of Ccntreville, which is a village sis miles from St. Mary's Station, ten miles from Ridgway, and thirty miles from Empooium. It is in Fox township, Elk County and claims to be in tho centre of one of tho richest of the bituminous oaI basins in tho stale. Among the citizens to whom wo are indebted for courtesies are Dr. Ear ley, J. S. Hyde, C. W. H. Eicko, and Mr. McCaulcy. Tho sectioual maps of tho coal com panies in this vicinity indicate seven dif. ferent veius of coal, designated as fol lows : Conl marked JI, measuring 2 ft 6 in to 3 ft. " " G, 3 fect. ' " F, 4 ft to 6 ft. 1 " 3ft6iuto6ft. C, " 4ft 6 in. " " Y; " 2 ft Gin to 3 ft. " " A, " 4 feet. At least three of these veins aro re garded ad workable. The party visited; openings or mines, in which four or these veins are exposed, extending over an area ot several miles. The strata are all accessible, and can be worked at comparatively small expense. Tho coal is of fair quality, and unlimited as to quantity. It is claimed that the lands will average fifteen feet of workable coal in thickness, and that there are 15,00 tons of coal to an acre. A large pro. portior. of the most available land is already held by companies for purpo. scs of speculation, or development. loai bearing land is Held at about 5100 an acre. Tho following oompanies havo been organized, ia the knmediate vicinity within the past two years, in addition to those already named : Toby Creek and Philadelphia. Own four hundred acres of land and havo expended 54,000. Have a tram road, and shalu to two veins. Can mine 100 tons of coal a day. Toby Creek Coal and Oil Company. Own oue thousand acre3. Capital stock ?250,000. Havo started drifts. Have one and ouo.balf miles of road to build. Kersey Coal Company. Own five hundred acres. Have expended $50,. 00 J. Have pockets nearly done and will soon bo ready to run coal. Elk Mountain Company. Own 2100 acres for which $50,000 was paid. -4ro waiting (or railroad, beforo commencing developments. Boston Cjal Company. Own 3,000 acres. Havo expended some $100,000 in mining rights. ShawmutCoal Compauy.Own 5,000 acres, some ten miles from Centrevillo. Have a branch road from tho P. & E. seventeen miles in length. Have ex. ponded $1,500,000 and are mining 250 tons of coal a day. Nublo Coal Company. Own three bundled aoros. Have expended $180,. 000 iu land and improvements. Are waiting for railjoad facilities. Halse, King, Vail and King, of Now York. Own three hundred acres. Havo drifts iu and are ready to mine and ship coal as soon as there are facili ties for shipment. Wellington aad Co., have eight hun. dred acres and are ready to ship coal. The people of this vicinity are partio. ularly desirous of a railroad connection with Buffalo. They aro fully persuaded that the Philadelphia & Erio road will uevcr furnish them adequate faoilitieff for shipping thoir coal, and that all thyL business interests and prospects are with Western New York, " The country about Ccntreville and tta nn nt 11 , t a I. tt Mmi'd .?!! V. J w ' j wu uo inscri bed in a subsequent article; whila the visit to Emporium and Cameron will constitute-the theme of a third.