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SURD EX BEARERS.
In the gay, shifting markets of the East, Gaunt and grotesque, the patient camels stand, Caliji amid busy tumult, ugly, grand, With rough-ridged form and meek, uplifted face, Ready to bear afar, in conscious strength, fhat which is laid upon them. Day by day o fast, and thirst, and labor, till at length, The desert crossed and won the resting place, A master's hand shall lift the load away. Oh, still, strong human nature whom we I meet Day after day, in adverse circumstance Serene and faithful! Have wo learned, per chance, From these dumb heroes of the Eastern mart The untold secret, wonderful as sweet. Of all that grandly simple strength of heart? In meekness lieth might. Such souls as these Accept their burden upon bended knees! —[Portland Oregonian. Tie AMire el Tss-f-La. Far inland, to the north of Tonkin, |trctclics the broad province of Kouang- Iu this region, whose inhabitants still retain much of their Tartar origin, the recent doctrine of Lao-Tseu has not y6t boeu able to exterminate the general belief in the Poußsahi, the popular genii of olden times. Thanks to the fanaticism i QJ the country bonzes (priests) this form j Of superstition still flourishes, its vigor increasing relatively with the distance from Pei-Tsin, or as we call it, Pckin. One of its leading features is a firm belief in the direct intervention by its gods in all matters of state and public welfare. A recent viceroy of tins im mense imperial dependence was the gov ernor Tche-Tang, who succeeded in earning for himself the reputation of a cunning, greedy and most cruel despot. How he succeeded in escaping the ven geance of a thousand deadly foes and, though imperilled by the universal hatred of his subjects, iu closing his term of rule iu comparative peace this tale will show. One day, some ten years before his; . death, Tchc-Tang gave audience in the j of Honor of ni9 palace, lie was ; Seated on a throne of ebony marvelously I inlaid with mother-of-pearl and gold, his i chin resting on his hands, his sceptre ! lying across his knees. Behind and 1 Overshadowing his throne rose a colossal I statue of Fo, the god "not to be ex pressed." Upon the steps in front of the throne stood his body-guard, clothed in j their uniform of black skin and coat of I mail, and armed with lance or bow or glittering axe. At his right hand stood , his favorite executioner, a grim and i herculean figure. Tche-Tang's cruel looks wandered about the crowd which stood around | him, mandarins, princes of his own i family, and high officials of his court. | Their faces were expressionless and blank. The viceroy, fully conscious that he was hated by all and surrounded by possible assassins, looked suspiciously upon each group whose members talked together with hushed voices. Uncertain as to whom it would be most advisable to make au example of, perpetually aston ished in himself to find that he still lived, he still sat dreaming, taciturn and threatening. A curtain was suddenly thrust aside and an officer, dragging a young man after him, entered the hall. The youth, who was of striking beauty, was clad in a simple robe of silk, girdled at the waist with a silver belt. When before Tche- Tang he humbly prostrated himself at his feet. ? "Son of Heaven," said the officer at a sign from the viceroy, "this young man, bv his own statement, is but an obscure Citizen, called Tse-i-la, and yet, heedless of the Slow Death, he boldly asserts that he has been sent upon a mission to your Highness by the immortal Poussahs." "Speak," said Tche-Tang. Tse-i-la rose to his feet. "Mightiness," lie said in a calm and even voice, "I am fully aware of the fate jwhich awaits me, if I cannot prove my words. Last night, by means of a vision, the Poussahs singled me out for their especial favor, and entrusted me with a secret almost beyond the conception of mortal mind. If your Highness will deign to listen to it, you will at once re cognize its divine source for the knowl edge of it will awake in your being a new sense. By its virtue you will at once acquire the marvelous gift of read ing —• with closed eyes, and in the space which separates the oyc-ball from its lid— the very names written in letters of blood of all those who may be plotting against your throne or life at the exact moment, too, when the infamy first enters their i mind. 80 then you will be forever pro tected against surprise and live on in peace and full security. I—Tse-i-la— swear in the name of Fo, whose image overshadows us, that the magic attribute of this secret is exactly as I have des cribed." At the close of this extraordinary 1 statement a stir ran through the whole j assemblage and then deep silence fob i lowed. For once the usually impassive i faces were moved by a vague suspicion. \ Each man looked inteutly at the young , stranger who could thus, without a sign ; | of fear or faltering, claim the possession ' ' of a divine secret. Several tried to smile j and assume an air of contemptuous dis- • i doin, but the effort was beyond them ! and, instead, they grew pale and trem- j bled. All this Tche-Tang was ouick to ! . notice. At last one of the princes, doubtless to , conceal his own uneasiness, cried out: "We are listening to a fool who is drunk with opium!" Then the mandarins spoke, in an effort to reassure themselves: 44 The Poussahs grant their inspiration only to the most aged and wisest of the bonzes!" And one of the ministers: <4 lt is for us to decide, nnd at once, whether the secret, of which this young man claims lie is possessed, is worthy of being submitted to our ruler." To which an officer, in his anger adacd: "In all likelihood this fellow has his dagger ready to strike our Master at the moment when his eyes " Jlis words were interrupted by a gene- ( ral shout of "Let him be arrested!" I Tche-Tang stretched towards Tsc-i-la I his jewelled sceptre, and said, impass ively: "Continue." Quite unconcernedly, and moving, as 1 he spoke, his little fan of ebony, Tsc-l-la ' went on: "If any torture could induce Tse-i-la to betray this secret by revealing it to any other than his Sovereign, I will affirm that the Pousßahs who, though invisible, hear our every word, have ill-choscn their interpreter. No, Princes, lam not drunk with opium, my looks surely dony that 1 am mud, and I have no weapon about me. This, only, will I add. If I am content to run the risk of the Slow Death it is because I am cpnvinced that such a secret will gain the reward of which it is worthy. You alone, oh! Highness, shall decide whether I deserve the price I ask. The gods having made me noble by their inspiration you shall grant me your daughter, the beautiful Li-tien-Se, the insignia of a prince of mandarins, and fifty thousand liaugs of gold." As he pronounced the words "liangs of gold," an almost imperceptible flush rose to Tse-i-la's cheek, which he concealed by ' a movement of his fan. The exorbitance of the demand pro voked much laughter among the courtiers and aroused the wrath of the viceroy, whose pride and avarice rose up in sudden revolt. A cruel smile passed over his lips as he gazed at the young man, who boldly continued: "I await from you, Lord, your royal oatb, in the name of Fo, the avenger of perjury, that, according as you may find mv secret a substantial truth or a chimer ical idea, you will grant me either the re ward I ask or such form of death as may seem good in your eyes." Tche-Tang arose. "The oath is given," he said; "follow me." Some moments later, in a gloomy vault lighted by the dim rays of a single lamp, Tse-i-la, securely bound to a stake, was face to face with Tche-Tang, who stood some paces from him. The viceroy was j alone, his back towards a heavy iron door, j his right hand resting on a carved dra- j | gon's head which projected front the j wall, and whose single eye seemed to he | watching Tse-i-la. The bright green of | Tche-Tang's robe came out in strong j relief against the dark background; the light, though dim, was reflected a thou sand times from his collar of precious stones, but his face, catching the shadow of the lamp, was almost invisible. In this vault far underground, they were se cure from listening cars. "Speak on," sold Tche-Tang. "Sire, I am a disciple of the famous poet Li-tai-pe. As the gods have gifted you with power, so have they bestowed genius upon me; true, they have in my case added poverty but only as a means of quickening my intellect. I have thanked them daily for so many favors, and have lived a peaceful aud contented life, until one evening, through the silvery moon light, I espied upon the lofty terrace of this palace, your daughter, Li-tien-Sc. Since that night my studies have been neglected, and as for her, I have an inward feeling that she too has felt the dawning of a passion. Wearied with longing, preferring rather the most fright ful death to the torment of living without her, I determined by some heroic act. and with a subtlety which is almost divine, to raise myself, O, Majesty, to the level of your daughter, Li-tieu Sc!" Tche-Tang, doubtless by some sudden movement of impatience, pressed his hand heavily upon the dragon's eye. A double door, facing Tse-i-la, parted and rolled \ silently back, exposing to his sight the j ' interior of another dungeon. Three men, j clothed iu skius, stood motionless around I a brasier in which were heating the im ! plements of torture. From the roof a j thick silken cord hung down, and below it glistened a small and round steel cage, | with a single circular opening. Tse-i-la, as he well knew, was looking , upon the awful machinery of the Terrible Death. After being exposed to excruciating torture hi fire, the victim, with one wrist tied by the silken cord, was sus pended in the air, the other hand, exten ded behind his back, was bound to the foot of the opposite leg. The cage was then placed around his head, fastened securely to the shoulders, and two large and famished rats were placed inside it. The executioner then gave a swinging motion to the unfortunate wretch, and left him alone, save for the ghastly com panions of the cage, and in utter dark ness. At the sight of this horror, which might move the strongest man, Tse-i-la said, coldly, "You forget that no one, save yourself, was to hear what I have to say." The doors were closed again. 4 'Your secret ?" muttered Tchc-Tang. "My secret, Tyrant! It is this: that my death will bring about your own, this very night!" said Tse-i-la, a fierce light in his eyes. "My death ? Do you not understand that it is for that alone those whom we left above arc longing ? Will it not prove the emptiness of my promises ? How they will gloat, and revel in their murderous hearts over your disappointed credulity! Will it not be the signal for your downfall ? Embold ened by your disappointment, seeing im punity before them, why longer restrain : their bitter hatred ? Summon your exe- I eutioners I I shall be avenged ! But I this I know: that you already feel that if I I perish, your own life is only a matter of I a few liours, and that your children I strangled, according to the custom of our | people, will quickly follow you; and— and Li-tien-Sc, your daughter, the flower i of flowers will become the prey of your ! assassins. "Ah, if you were but a wise prince! Supposing, on tho other hand that you were at once to return to them, bearing on your face the signs of a mysterious and all-powerful knowledge, surrounded by your body-guard, and your hand upon my shoulder ; that seated on your throne, and having with your own hand clothed me in a prince's robes, you were to summon the sweet Li-tien-Se—your daughter and my bride—and that having formally be trothed us, you should order your State Treasurer to count out to me" the fifty thousand golden bangs ; I swear that, be holding this, all of your courtiers whose daggers are now half-drawn against you, would fall at your feet, trembling and subdued. Never again, in all the future, would they dare to harbor a single treacherous thought. Think upon this! You are known as one whom it is hard to move, well versed in Oriental lore and mysteries. Surely then, it can be no mere empty fable that, within a few mo ments' space, could change your whole appearance into that of one who has learned some sacred truth! Again, you who are notorious for your cruelty, allow me to live! You, whose cupidity is a bye-word, shower your gold upon me! Your paternal love amounts to arrogance, and yet, at a word, you bestow your daughter upon me, an unknown, humble stranger! What doubt could possibly i remain in your courtiers' minds ? In what should the value of a secret message I sent from heaven consist, if not in the belief of those around you that you alone possess it ? I have kept my word; the i rest depends upon yourself. As to the! money and the dignity, I despise them | both. My demanding them was simply i to establish further proof amongst those who know your character so well, of tho j incredible value of my imaginary secret. ! Tchc Tang, the Viceroy, I, Tse-i-la, bound r by your orders to this post and in the , presence of the Terrible Death, do now exalt tho glory and enlightenment of the wise Li-tai-pe, my Master! I declare to | you, in all truth, the wisdom of the ' policy I now dictate. Let us return to your court —your own face stern, but 1 radiant. Publicly give thanks to heaven. Threaten to be, for the future, without a particle of pity. Order fetes and illumi nations for the pleasure of the people and in honor of Fo (to whom, indeed, I owe tne inspiration of this divine ruse). I myself will depart to-morrow. In some distant province, thanks to your grant of money, I shall live in perpetual happiness with the chosen of my heart. The diamond button which would betoken my rank as mandarin, I shall not take away. My ambition lies not in that direction. I believe solely in harmonious thoughts and deep studies which outlast all princes and all dynasties; being a king in their immortal Empire, why should I aspire to be a prince in yours ? Arc you not con vinced that the gods have given me as strong a heart and as much intelligence as those who surround you possess ? lam more acceptable then in the eyes of a young girl than one of your own digni taries. Ask Li-tien Se, my beloved, if I do not speak the truth. When she looks into my eyes, I dare swear what she will say. As for yourself, 01 Viceroy, you will reign in peace, protected by this superstition, and, moreover, should you see fit to temper your rule with justice, fear will be changed into love for your strengthened throne. In that is the secret of all kiugs and rulers worthy of the name. I have none other to impart to you. Ponder my words; choose and announce your choice. I have spoken." Tsc-i-la was silent. Perfectly motionless, Tche-Tang ap peared for some moments to he lost in meditation, his figure casting a dark shadow on the iron door. Presently he advanced towards the young man and laying a hand on either shoulder gazed searchingly into his eyes as if to read his very soul, and as if himself overcome with a thousand indefinable sensations. At last, drawing his sword, he cut the thongs which bound Tse-i-la; then, throwing his own royal collar about the youth's neck, he said : 4 'Come." Mounting the dungeon steps, ho laid his hand upon the door beyond which were light and liberty. Dazed by his sudden fortune and the triumph of his love, Tse i-la gazed at the royal emblem. •'What! This too?" he murmured. "You have been slandered, vilely slan dered ! It is worth more than the fortune you have promised me. What does this gift mean, your Highness! For what is it a recompense ?" 4 'For your insolence," scornfully an swered Tclie-Tang. as the sunlight streamed through the open door.—The Epoch. Made a Fortune in Frogs 1 Legs. | "About twenty-five years aj*o," said an 1 old attendaut in the big Washington Mar ket, "several men made fortunes at catch j ing frogs and sending them to market. | The hind legs were cut off, skinned, ' washed, and, after being mildly salted, were sent away in barrels. Prices used to range from fifty to seventy-five cents for a dozen pairs of legs, and as sales were 1 (piick, there was a pile of money in the • occupation. i "One old fellow, a blacksmith by the name of Weld, down in Greeubusli, Me., | supplied all of New England for years. ' He lived by the side of very extensive j swamps that were filled with wigglers and cattails. The former furnished food , for the frogs, while the latter gave them I shade. I have seen bullfrog legs that 1 were as big as the legs of a chicken. "Old man Weld used to hire boys to kill frogs for him, giving them live or six cents a dozen. The frogs were so plentiful that many of the children earned good wages, even at that small price, Weld dressed the frogs, corned them, and shipped them to Boston in barrels, j like herrings. He kept up the business 1 for years, and, though he slew hundreds of thousands every year, the supply did not diminish at all. "By and by the prices went away down, and, as the old man had cleared about SIOO,OOO out of the scheme, he retired, built himself a fine munsion, and lived at his ease. lie is the only man I know of who got rich by catching frogs, but I have heard of several others."—[BostonGlobe. A Great City's Egg Supply. When it comes to eggs, figures fail. It is necessary to speak of them by dozens. Last year (5,000,000 dozens of eggs were sold in the egg markets, 72,000,000 eggs all told. But that is nothing. Hundreds of grocers get their eggs direct from the country, so that it will probably be safe to say that New York and its viciuity consumes 1,000,000,000 eggs every year, as the egg men say that they do not sell one-tenth part of the eggs used in New York. They are gathered from everywhere; some are raised right within the city limits, many across the river in Hudson County, N. J., hundreds of thousands 011 Long Island, and nobody knows how many within 200 miles of New York city. They arc packed in barrels chiefly for the market, and in boxes—each egg in its own compartment—for family ana grocery store shipment. The only avail able figures arc those of the markets, but the dealers say that they do not begin to represent one-tenth part of the consump- j tion. —[New York News. Colonizing Foreign Horses in Ver mont. Dr. J. Seward Webb, of New York City, has just received another importa tion of European horses. This last lot is a splendid collection of massive-shoul dered, strong-necked, big-thighed, Per clierons, and very handsome beasts they are. Dr. Webb will send them at once to his farm in Vermont. There, a few weeks ago, some twenty Danish horses were sent, which were the very pick of the animals for sale in Denmark. Dr. Webb has sound ideas about palace cars, and he has peculiar, but, as he thinks, equally sound ideas respecting the im provement of horses by breeding. He is going to experiment, and he thinks the Vermont climate is the best in the world to develop perfect specimens of horse flesh. It will be a very costly experi ment, but Dr. Webb docs not mind a little mutter like that, especially as he is not doing it to make a fortune, but to show some, other fellow how to make a fortune.—[Philadelphia Press. The First Bridges. The first bridges were of wood, and the earliest of which we have any account was built in Home 500 years B. C. The I next was erected by Julius Ctesar for the 1 passage of his army across the Rhine. Trajan's great bridge over the Danube, four thousand, seven hundred and seventy feet long, was made of timber, with stone piers. The Romans also built the first stone bridge, which crossed the Tiber. Suspension bridges are of remote origin. A Chinese one mentioned by Kirchen, made of chains supporting a | roadway eight hundred and thirty feet J in length, was built A. D. 05, and is still L to be seen. The first iron bridge was erected over the Severn in 1777. THE JOKER'S BUDGET. JESTS AND YARNS BY FUNNY MEN OF THE PRESS. The Society Girl—He Obeyed Or ders—Tlio Dear Girls— Text-Book Revision, Etc., Etc. SENTIMENT VS. SCIENCE. Jobson (to young lady physician)— Can't you look in my face, dear, and tell what is in my heart? Miss M. D.—Yes, bad blood ; your system needs cleansing. PREFERRED THE OTHER PUPPY. Dickey—"Love me, 'ove my dogf" don't cher know, Miss Beauty! Miss Beauty—Oh, it would be easier to love your dog than you! PLENTY OF TIME. Harry—Dearest, I love you better and better every moment, and I long for the time to come when you shall be my own dear wife. Dearest —Oh, well, Harry, there's plenty of time; and as vou say your love is increasing all the time, it would be foolish to marry before it became wholly ripe.—[Boston Transcript. WHEN HE GOT THE I,AST WOIID. She—ls it not wonderful how a great steamship is controlled by so small a thing as her helm? He—Yes; but being feminine she al ways answers it. TOOK HIM AT HIS WORD. "Go ahead, my boy!" said his father, "Get ahead in this world of din. Do not sit down idle, but rather Get ahead to the front and win." Aud the boy took his father's warning, At the club he played well and won, And he had quite a head in the morn ing! Like a tired but dutiful son. —[Munsey's Weekly. THEY'RE MARRIED NOW. Snooks—How are you getting on since your marriage? Seroggins—Not as well as I expected. When she gave me her hand, a little over a year ago, I was filled with de light, but the way she gives me her hand now only makes my ears ring— —[Texas Sittings. TEXT BOOK REVISION. Teacher of Natural History (to a class of young women) —Is it true that animals feel affection? Young Woman—Yes, in almost all cases. Teacher—Name the animal that feels most affection for man. Young Woman —Womun! —[New York Ileralil. THE DEAR GIRI.B. Maud—Colonel Sonnso is a very polite man. Ethel—What makes you say so? Maud—When he saw you and your sister at the ball last night he said "which is the younger?" instead of "which is the elder?" as other men do. —[Epoch. STILL YOUNG MEN WON'T TAKE WARNING. Beforo Marriage—Why so pensive, dearest? After Marriage—Why so expensive, Mrs. Jones? —[Springfield Graphic. LOGICAL. He—Why do you sit so far away from me? She —So as to be near you. He—What do you mean? She—Everybody says you're away off. THE OLD, OLD STORY. He fished all day nor got a single bite; He railed at fate, dubbed fortune but a jade— He took a lively mess back home that night, He got it for a dime, and ready made. IIE WOULD HEAD THE PROCESSION. The pastor had spoken the words that made them man and wife. "George," said she, turning her love lit eyes upon her husband, "George, I am so very, very happy now that you and I are to walk arm in arm through life." "Not now, dear, not now,"said George firmly; "we might have done so had we never married, but not now. 1 will go ahead and you may follow oil behind. — [Wasp. HE OBEYED ORDERS. "I assure you, Judge, that my physi cian is responsible for my being a thief." "Do you mean to say that he hypno tized you and compelled you to commit a crime?" "I won't say that, but I do know that he ordered me to lake something before I going to bed." SHE WAS. Masher—Are you traveling alone, Miss? Maiden—l am, sir; good day!" HAD HEARD OK THEM. Train Robber (boarding parlor car western express.)— Quick, now, if yer I knows wot's best fer yer. Git yer valy- i bles ready. Mr. Hayseed Land sakes! Marier, here conies the porter.—[Good News. ICE CREAM & CO. Fred—l wish my girl would hurry up and marry me if she's going to. Edwin—ls she keeping you in sus pense? Fred—No; expense. THE SOCIETY GIRL. In autumn she is rosy cheeked, In winter pale and gem bedizened, In spring disgust, if she's tanned, In summer angry if she isn't.—[Life. SHOULD BE A DOCTOR. Phrenologist—Mr. Rycstalk, your son has a decided inclination toward the medical profession. Mr. Hayseed—Well, he orter hev. He's ono of the bitterest pills ye ever seed. COULDN'T BE BULLDOZED. Tailor—l really do hope you will settle this little account to-day, sir. 1 have a heavy bill to pay my cloth merchant. Captain (calmly)— Confound your im pudence! You go and contract debts and come dunning me to pay them. Get out, or I'll send for the police.—[Har per's Bazar. CRUELTY TO ANIMALS. Judge—What is the charge against this man? Officer— Cruelty to animals, your Honor. He was blowing smoke in a horse's face. . Judge—l shall discharge him. This court cannot have its time taken up with any such trivial affairs. Officer—But, your Honor, it was ciga rette smoke. Judge—Ninety days —[Terro Haute Express. THE REASON. I "Sallie Martin was always a conun drum to me." "I suppose that's because you had to give her up." COLD BLOODED. Mable—That uncle of yours seems a cold blooded man. Fred—Well, I guess! A mosquito died of pneumonia from biting him— took a chill, don't you know ?—[The Bostonian. CAREFUL OF lIER REPUTATION. Mary Jauc (ready to retire) —Come, Susan Ann, ain't you 'most ready to go : to bed? i Susan Ann (amazed) —What! and leave this room without bein' set to rights? My lan'! Mary Jane; what sort o' housekeepers do you reckon burglars would think we are if they should come in here to-night?—[Philadelphia In quirer. AND SILENCE FELL UPON TIIEM. "Write mo an epic," the warrior said, "Victory, valor and glory wed." "Prithee, a ballad," exclaimed the knight, "Prowess, adventure and faith unite." j "An ode to freedom," the patriot cried, "Liberty won and wrong defied." "Write me a check," the poet cried: And the silence, all wool, was a full yard wide. [Philadelphia Times. I A CONFIDENCE MAN. Visi or (to prisoner)--What brought you here? Prisoner—misplaced confidence. Visitor—How was that? Prisoner—l thought I could run faster than I could. MAKINO FUN OF HIMSELF. At a party where a witty German physician of this city was present, a lady asked: "What is tho difference between danger of life aud peril of death?" | "I'll tell you, madam," said the doctor, "but you must not give it away, lest you injure our profession. If you are very sick, then you are in danger of life; but if you send for a physician, and he comes, then you are in peril of death." j —[Wasp. A DIFFERENCE. "What is the difference between ice and water?" "Ice is frozen water; that is all." "There is a greater difference than that." "What is it?" "Water always finds its level, but ice is constantly going up."—[Boston 1 Courier. THE OLD, OLD STORY. "Did you carry her heart by storm ?" was asked of the bridegroom. "No," he replied. "I worked the ice cream racket." A GREAT BILL. "Confound it! Why, that doctor is a regular pelican!" "Pelican? What do you moan?" "Look at the size of his bill!" LESSENING THE NUMBER. Cynic—l am always happy when twe fools marry. Binnick—Why? Cynic—Because they arc made one.— [Epoch. A TALE OF WOE. 1 Mrs. Mulcahy—Bridget O'Donahue, it's me sympathy ye have in your sorrow. Bridget—Yes, the owl man has gone: but troubles never come alone. Oi don'f know. Mrs. Mulcahy—Bedad, aud what'! happened now? Bridget—Faith, and me poor billygoal ; swallowed a bit of ice and the iceman shot him dead to recover his property.— i [Kearney Enterprise. LUCK. Little Girl—Papa, Dick found a horse shoe, and I found a four-leaved clover Which of us is the luckiest?" Practical Pa—Dick is. Horseshoes are worth money.—[New York Weekly. A Roc's Egg. One of the most interesting things in the National Museum at Washington ii the cast of a reul roc's egg. Strange at it may appear, there is a foundation foi the storied existence of the supposed ex istence of the supposed-to-be-fabulous bird. It was the gigantic epiornis oi Madagascar, which stood twelve feet high and laid an egg as big as 148 good-sized hen's eggs, and holding two gallons. Arab traders, such as Sinbad the Sailoi is said to have been, made their way to Madagascar centuries ago, when thil mighty fowl was still in existence, and brought back the yarns which subsc quietly developed into the fabled roc, A bigger bird than this, however, taking weight as a criterion, existed in New Zealand as late as the timeofOapt. Cook It stood only nine feet high, though il was so bulky that a full grown on would have tipped the scales at some thing like 1,000 pounds. • The cggitlaid was a trifle smaller than that of the roc. This was the giant Moa. It was so clumsy that it could not escape from th< sailors who landed on the island uud killed it for food. The extinction of th< species is supposed to have been caused by a change in the New Zealand climate, for it is known that the enormous fowli gathered in great numbers at the last about certain hot springs and there per ished. Quantities of their bones hav< been found in these springs.—[Boston Transcript. Failure of the Apple Crop. People who arc fond of apples—and who are not?—must do witliout theii favorite fruit this year or pay fancy price! for it. Reports indicate that the appli crop is as great a general failure this yeai as has ever been known in this country. There are no apples in the region of Cincin nati; none in Ohio or Indiana, and very fow we believe, comparatively speaking, in the whole Ohio Valley. In carlici days, after southern Ohio orchards, plant ed by the pioneers, began to fail, the forest-bordered orchards of Indiana were famous for their apple crops. But there are no apples in the Hoosier State thii year. The crop in the famous apple re gion of New York State is a failure.— Cincinnati Commercial Gazette. FREEHOLDER SWALLOW, of Fleming ton, N. J., is so close an imitator of the man who chipped the cherry tree that not one of his townsmen questions the story which he tells this week. John R. Stan ton caught a German carp weighing eight pounds a few days ago. In the gills of the fish were found two hooks and two pieces of line. Freeholder Swallow de clares that the tackle is his; that for two successive seasons he lias lost hook* by this same carp, and that he was about to rig his line again for the fish when Mr. Stanton 41 scoopca " him. NOTES AND COMMENTS. A NUMBER of lowa men living near Des Moines have become so far imbued with the Edward Bellamy idea of co operation that they have formed a colony, and hope to found a community near Lake Charles. IT is estimated that nearly one-half of the next House of Representatives will be composed of new men. The causes which operate to this result are primarily a desire on the part of the sitting mem bers to drop out of public life, and, secondly, failure to secure a re-nomina tion or a victory at the polls. AFRICA has now at work within her borders 10 American, 12 British, and 12 Continental missionary societies. There are more than 700 ordained mis sionaries, and more than 7,000 native preachers. It is estimated that there are, both white and native, about 175,000 communicants, and 800,000 adherents. THK latest move in co-operation is a proposal by the Illinois Central Railroad Company to interest its hands in the en terprise by selling each of them one or more shares on credit. In France this form of co-operation has been common for a quarter of a century or more, aud it has occasionally been quite successful. It has never been tried on railroads. AN eight-wheeled railroad church lias just been finished at Titles, in the fac tory of the Trauscaucasian Railway Company, for use along the line. It is surmounted by a cross at one end aud a chime of three bells at the other end. It has apartments for the priest and sit tings for seventy persons. The altar is of carved oak and all the furniture was manufactured at St. Petersburg. THE search light is about to be intro duced on an extensive scale by inland lake steamers. The navigation on the lakes is rendered very dangerous by the large number of shoals and narrow pas sages, the only indications of which are stakes and buoys which are often most difficult to locate. With the aid of the search lamp these can be seen so dis tinctly that night nav'gation will, in future, be deprived of much of its uncertainty aim danger. THE magnitude of the Finnish nation is brought into notice by the beginning of its end at the hands of the Russian Government. Finland has heretofore enjoyed practical independence in the management of her own affairs. The native press, and Finland has twenty six newspapers of her own, has been wholly free in dealing with Finnish mat ters, but now there comes a warning, the ; first ever known, to the Ilelsingfors Hufvudstadbladet that advocating its' people's rights, even in the most sober manner, must stop. Finland must ex pect to lose all her ancient priveleges. THE rapid extension of Russia's rail road system through Siberia to the Pacific coast, and the menace it conveys toward Chinese interests, at last has aroused the Celestials from their conser vatism. It is reported that China intends, to borrow $45,000,000 in this country for railroad purposes, and that in ad dition to the road projected from Pekin southward, others will be laid out in Manchooria to offset the designs of Rus sia. The appearance of danger evidently has alarmed the Chinese, and from present prospects the empire soon will be engaged actively in ruilroad construction. THE Germans are losing no opportunity to enlist in their service any expert in African work whom they can secure. Their latest acquisition is Captain Casati, the Italian explorer and Emin's comrade, who, after he has visited his friends in Italy, will help Emin to look after some |of Germany's interests in Africa. Ger many has, within the past few years, lost I more first-rate explorers in Africa tliau any other nation. 'The list includes such famous men as Nachtigal, Flegel, Wolf, i Tappenbcck, Juelcke and others, ■ and the loss of these men has been a se vere blow to German enterprise, for it has not been found easy to replace them. ACCORDING to recent accounts, the na tives of the Chin Mountains, in Asia, must be unique. Their dwellings have no furniture; they have no laws, no re ligion and no government, except an incomplete village system. Medical science and surgery are absolutely un known. Their habits are repulsive. Certain tribes are confirmed drunkards, consuming great quantities of beer which they brew by themselves. They, how ever, display remarkable mechanical in genuity, constructing wonderful bridges on the cantilever principle. In some tribes the sole arms are small knives and bows and arrows. They are skilful ar chers, killing tigers and bears at eighty The women of all the tribes have their faces hideously tattoed to prevent their being carried off by the Burmaus. GOVERNOR Waterman, of California, has sent to the Department of the Interior an emphatic protest against the destruc tion of the Big Trees in Tulare County which will be wrought if the districts covered by tho suspended surveys are opened to entry. Interest in the preser vation of these magnificent trees ought not to bo confined to that State. These are the noblest trees on the continent, and the preservation of the last clumps remaining under Government control is a matter of National concern. Secretary Noble, we earnestly hope, will find it practicable to comply with Governor Waterman's request and to close tempo rarily the section in Tulare County where the giant trees are found. Congress can be depended upon to enact legislation another year by which these grand works of nature will be permanently safe guarded. AT the celebration of the quarter centennial of the Salvation Army in Lon don, England, recently, General Booth said: The Army is at work in 35 different countries, and has nearly 3,000 corps and over 9,000 officers, and its strength is growing daily. There are also 85 slum officers, 188 officers engaged in rescue work, 35 rescue homes, 05 food officers and 19 food depots. Two thousand women passed through the homes in England during last year; an average of B,soo meals are served daily to the poor; 540 people are sheltered each night. The general contended that this was work which must appeal to all alike, opponents as well as friends of the Army. The organization itself, he said, would out live its most violent critics, and those who lived to the jubilee of the Army twenty-five years hence would see it with a crystal palace of its own. He appealed to every Salvationist to do his duty—and more than his duty. THE work of artificially propagating cod, which was begun by the Fish Com-1 mission on the coast of Massachusetts' three or four years ago, has, the Com- j mission states, resulted in great success. Last fall the fisherman reported an abundance of small cod on Nantucket Shoals, and during the present summer these fish, somewhat increased in size, have appeared in enormous numbers, ohicfly young fish, which are reported to be very uniform in size, and with a few exceptions weighing only about five to seven pounds each—to small to come un der the trade classification of 44 large fish." The Fish Commission has received informntion'showing that this season, up to recent date, about 4,000,000 pounds of these fish have been taken. The price paid to the fishermen is $2.85 per 100 pounds of fish as they come from the ves sel. The value of the fishery, so far this season, would be $114,000, while the prospect is that these figures may be doubled before the fishing is ended. A CANADIAN journal lias published a comparative analysis of the public debts of the United States and of the Do minion, from 1807, inclusive, which is not likely to prove entirely pleasing to the taxpayers of the latter vountry. From this statement it appears that when in the year above named the debt of the f United States was $2,508,151,211, and the annual interest was $138,892,451, the dtbt of Canada was $75,728,041 , and the annual interest charged thereon $4-, 375,148. In 1889 the debt of this coun try had been reduced [to $975,039,000, and the interest to $88,752,000, while the debt of that country had been in creased to $287,530,000, and the interest to about $9,000,000. To state itj in another form, in 1867 the oebt of the United States was 33 times, aud the in terest 31 times that of Canada, in 1889 the debt of this country was only four times that of Canada, and the interest three and one-third times greater. In the first year named the debt of the United States was about $62 for each of the population, and that of Canada about $22. In 1889 the debt of this country was reduced to about sl6 per head, while that of the other country was increased to $47 per head. "These," says our Canadian con temporary, "are startling figures." OPINION is freely expressed among naval officers in the North Atlantic squadron at Key West, that the Govern ment is making a grave mistake in not strongty fortifying Key West. It is pointed out that Key West virtually controls the Gulf of Mexico, the Straits of Florida and three-fourths of nil com merce with the West Indies, Central America, and the northern part of South America. As a base of supplies, and as a naval and military point of operations, perhaps no place in the United States equals it in importance. Situated on the southernmost bay of Florida, dis tant fifty-nine miles from the mainland f roper, and only ninety miles from [avnna, Key West occupies an almost central position in the waters opening into the Gulf of Mexico. Between the key and the mainland the water is studded with innumerable small coral reefs and keys. The channels between these keys arc for the most part so shal low, that vessels drawing over six feet of water are debarred from entering. The presence of the Gulf Stream compels vessels running into the Gulf to pass close to the Key West side of the channel. The same is true of the Straits of Gibraltar, where a strong current flowing seaward along the Morocco coast compels vessels to hug the northern or Gibraltar side of the channel. Vessels in consequence are brought under the guns of the "Rock," or within easy handling of war vessels lying under tho shelter of the fortress. It is question able whether Gibraltar as a commerce protecting post is of more importance to England than is Key West to the United States. Hard Summers of the Past. A German writer, dealing with certain prognostications of summer heat, goes back for precedents. In 027, he says, the springs were dried up, and men fain ted with the heat. In 879 it was impos sible to work in the open fields. In the year 993 the nuts on the trees were "roasted" as if in a baker's oven! In 1000 the rivers in France dried up, and the stench from the dead fish anu other matter brought a pestilence into the land. The heat in the year 1014 dried up the rivers and the Brooks in Alsace-Lor raine. The Rhine was dried up in the year 1032. In the year 1152 the heat was so great that eggs could be cooked in the sand. In 1227 it is recorded that many men and animals came by their death through the intense heat. In the year 1303 the waters of the Rhine and the Danube were partially dried up and people passed over on foot. The crops were burned up in the year 1394, and in the year 1538 the Seine and the Loire were as dry land. In 1550 a great drought swept through Europe. In 1014 in France and even in Switzerland the brooks and the ditches were dried up. Not less hot were the years 1040, 1679, and 1701. In the year 1715 from tho month of March till October not a drop of rain fell; the temperature rose to 38 degrees Reaumur, and in favored places the fruit trees blossomed a second time. Extraordinarily hot were the years of 1724, 1740, 1750 and 1811. Thesummer of 1815 was so hot (the thermometer standing at 40 deg. Reaumur) that the places of amusement had to be closed. Wonderful Wires. The most remarkable wire ever known, it is said, is the Cambridge (Mass.) Ban FrancUco time circuit, which was in op eration in 1871-2. The wire extended from the Cambridge Observatory to Ban Francisco, byway of Boston, Springfield, Hartford, New York, BulTalo, Chicago, and Omaha, returning over the same route to Chicago, then to Pittsburg, Harrisburg, New York, New Haven, Providence, Boston, and into Cambridge. The observatories were "looped in" at each terminal, forming a complete circuit 6,852 miles in length. The consideration of such a wire nat urally suggests the deep sea cable—the longest and most wonuerful of all tele graph lines. Fancy a telegraph wire lying on the surface of the earth, stetching from New York to San Francisco, then picture its course through the valleys and over the Alleghanies and Rocky Mountains, leap ing across bottomless chasms and hang ing on mountain crags; then imagino this wire covered with water reaching above the highest mountain peaks, and you have a picture of the Atlautic cables. Many readers, no doubt, will be some what surprised to learn that there are ten of these submarine conductors connect ing America with the Old World. Woman's Position in Austria. A census of Austria-Hungary takes place this year and the minister of pub lic instruction has announced that girls and women, if they can prove themselves competent, may apply for the position of enumerators. The emancipation of women in Austria is well advanced. One-third of all the post and telegraph clerks and all the telephone clerks, as well as the teachers in girls' schools, are women. Lately a lady oculist, Frau Dr. Kershbaumcr, of Salzburg, was al lowed to opeu a hospital of her own. School teachers are well paid, their sala ries ranging from $350 to SSOO. A large proportion come from noble families and those of officers and government officials. Tho position of governess, on the con trary, is much disliked —[Chicago Poifc