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PCBUBBID IVIKT MONDAY AND THUKSDAY. 'PHOS. A. BUCKLEY, Editor and Psopßnrroß. OFFICE: MAIW STRMT ABOVE CKHTKB BCHSCBIPTTON BATBH. OM VW |1 5(1 81A Months 75 Pour Month. 50 Two Month. 75 Suhpcribor. re reqmnh.o to observe the data toDowtnu the name on tho label, of their nepers By refentnir to this they ran tell at a Itianee how they stsod on the book. In this office. POT Inatance: G rover Cleveland 28JuneS6 mean, that Grower 1. paid opto June 3a. IMB. Reep the Ocnrn in advnnce of the preaent data. Tie port promptly to thin office when yonr paper i. not received. All TTr.iia.in must be paid when paper in dlaoontteued, or collection will w made in the nrannrw provided by law. DON'T fool with a wasp because you think he looks weak and tired; you will And out he's all right in the end. A MAN should never be ashamed to own that he has been in the wrong, which is but saying that he is wiser than he was yesterday. SOCIETY is often more concerned about the way a man enters and leaves a room than about his fitness to enter the room at all. IF you would find a great many faults, be on the lookout. If you would find them In still greater abun dance, be on the look-in. SOFT words may appease an angry man—bitter words never will. Would you throw fuel on a tiouse in flames in order to extinguish the fire? THE young men in Ohio and other States who offered their services to .lapan are probably victims of the dime novel and cigarette habits. HE who bears failure with patience Is as much of a philosopher as he who succeeds: for to put up with the world needs as much wisdom as to control it. The Mark Lane Express, In com menting on the British harvest, says that the yield of wheat was 16 per cent, better than in 1893 and the best crop gathered in several years. Real estute business in London can be estimuted from the record of a week's doings at Tokefiliouse Yard. Of fifty-two auctioneers who con ducted sales twenty-tv>u had to retire without selling a siugle "lot," and only five sold all they had on hand. THJS warfare of the future in des tined to be done at long range. At a recent trial at Indian Head of the Carpenter projectile it went through fourteen and one-half inches of steel, forty inches of oak, and several vards of earth without injury to Itself, though large pieces of the armor plate were sent flying through space. This projectile was flred from a thirteen-inch gun. The battle-ship Indiana and her sisters will have four such guns and eight eight-inch guns. THF. estimated average yield of wheat in the Moosomin district, ac cording to the Canadian Journal of Commerce, was 15 bushels; for the districts along the Manitoba and Northwestern Railway, 20 to 25 bushels: Prince Albert, 20 bushels. At Calgary, owing to the drought, the crops were light. Kegina wheat in many portions was a total failure, and at other points in that district there was an average yield of 10 to 12 bushels. The seasou was the driest there since ISBO. The production of copper through out the world in 1893 has been given at 17,250 tons for Germany, 160 tons for the Argentine Republic, 1,425 for Austria-Hungary, 7,500 for Austra lia, 2,500 for Bolivia, 4,000 for Can ada, 6.000 for ( ape Colony. 54.270 for Rpain and Portugal. 147,210 for the United States, 21,350 for Chili, 400 for England, 2,040 for Newfoundland, 2,500 for Italy, is,ooo for Japan. 8,480 for Mexico. 460 for Peru, 5,000 for Russia, 750 for Sweden, and 2,850 for Venezuela. This makes a total of 303,075 tons, against 310,845 In 1892, 270,401 in 1801. and 260.630 in 1890. The average price per ton was 1,093 francs in 1893, 1,150 in 1802, 1,277 in 1891, and 1,135 in 1890. A bushei. box is coming into use with market men, and by reason of being square is very economical in the way of packing. It is made in three styles, one all slatted, another with a slatted bottom and sides, with solid ends, and the third with solid ends and close bottom and sides, bound with galvanized iron; in fact, It is a galvanized bound hox. These bozes are very convenient for hand ling potatoes, the vegetables being picked up Into the boxes in the field and left in them until sold. Of course, other crops can he handled in this way, as cucumbers, tomatoes and apples. The measure of these boxes is 141 by 11* by 12j, that being a bushel without piling. LADIES OF THE CABINET. „ Mrs. Olney. ' Mrs. Blssell. Mies Morton. Mr®, tiresham. Mrs. Cleveland. Mre. Carlisle. Mrs. Smith. Mrs. Lamont. CHILDREN'S COLUMN. A DEPARTMENT FOR LITTLE BOYS AND GIRLS. Something that Will Interent the Juvenile Members of Every Household—Qtialn* An tlona and Bright Sayings of Many Cute and Cunning Children. Wishing. I'll wish to he a j rlncess and To hare a horse to ride. And hare some footmen, brave and tall. To walk close by my side. To be a princess, really, true, With long, long golden hair. With forty maids, all dressed In white. To stand around my chair. And hare a park a mile around. With trees and paths and flowers. And birds' nests full of eggs and things, And castles and some towers. And I will lire forever there Until a prince will come With long black hair, and look quite fierce, And take me to his home. A flood Reason. •Why did you tumble down, my boy?" the kindly teacher cried. •Bees se 11 dti' t tumble the lng youth replied. Old llronie. "It's the strangest thing," said Jessie, with wide-open eyes. "And my flowers will never grow," .aid Ruth, shaking her head rue fully. It was strange. Out In a corner of the garden was a rockery. On the rockery was an iron basket made to hold flowers. Ruth had planted In he middle of It a white lily bulb. All around the edges she had put morn ing glory seeds. She wanted the fines to droop over the sides of the basket and run down the stones. Every day the children visited it and found that something was doing mischief. It was very plain that the jeeds and bulb were trying to do their duty, for many and many a tiny ihoot came peeping above ground. But the earth about them was acratched and the tender green stalks broke down and withered. And it kept on day after day. "It must be rats," said Jack. Rut nothing else iuthe garden was ever touched. "Couldn't be frost, could It?" asked little Nan. They all laughed, for the geranium and pansies were smiling up in the sunshine. One day the children came home early from school. Out Into the garden they ran, and then there was a shout: "If It isn't old Bronze!" Old Bronze was the largest cat they had. Jack had named him long ago. not because he was bronze colored, but because Jack knew that bronze was some kind of a color, and thought it sounded well. There lay old Bronze on the bas ket. It was Just the time when the afternoon sun shone on it. He prob ably found the warm earth a very comfortable bed. They all laughed, and Jack said: "I'll fix him!" He got the watering hose and aimed at old Bronze, while Harry ran to turn on the water. "Oh, don't," cried Ruth. "Poor old fellow! He did not know any better." "But he must be taught a lesson," said Jack, very (irmly. "N'ow scoot!" The cold water came with a dash, and old Bronze "scooted." With one long, dreadful nil-aw-w-w-w-w! bo sprang off the basket, flew over the flower-beds, and did not stop until he was In the top of the tallest tree. "Poor old Bronze!" The little girls petted and coaxed and fondled him when he came down. He had learned Ills lesson well, for he never so much as looked at the basket again. And the lily grew, and was soon looking around her like a queen. The morn ing glories crept down and wandered "NOW sroor! '* softly over the stones until, hefor* summer was gone, the rockery looked like a hank of flowers.—Chicago Led ger. Th Qrra, „r Kanearoa. In this odd game of chance a toy kangaroo operates the balls and is re sponsible for the winning and los ng. The kangaroo is a mechanical toy sc constructed that with three jumps It knocks against the halls on the In clined cover of the game box, and KAVGAROO sends them spinning down into the box, where they skirmish around un til they fall into a cavity. All the cavities are provided with numbers, and the highest total number covered by the balls of a player wins the game. Tlambou Culture In Florida. "Successful experiments have been made in raising bamboo in For- Ida," said Abe Walthen, at the Grand. "There are several patches near Fort Myers, and the plants aie all growing rapidly, sometimes as much as a foot in a single night. The Importance of this new Industry can not be overestimated. For the build lug of light summer houses, or for certain kinds of furniture, ham bo: cannot be surpassed. Road vehicles can be made out of it, and many other things too numerous to men tion. Clothing can lie made from its fiber, as can paper, and a portion of ft is most excellent as food. It ia the only plant known that furnishes shelter, clothing aud sustenatico to mankind, and Its introduction here j will be of great public benefit"— I Cincinnati Enoujrer. WISE WORDS. It is always safe to bo right . Foreboding is always an enemy of rest. What a little god some big people worship. Doubts are like bats; they can only live in the dark. Men are often gainers when they loso their money. It costs less to be contented than it does to be unhappy. Too many people would rather have glory thau goodness. The man who seeks happiness must learn to take short steps. Society is what people arc when they know they arc watched. Fortune never changes men. It only brings out what is already in them. "Is the young man safe?" Not whilo his lather is taking crooked steps. The man who is the least billing to practice is sure to find the most fault with the preaching. People who are always telling their troubles are never at a loss for some thing to talk about. Self-denial is about the last thing some people undertake when they start out to be religious. No man is truly brave who liasu't the courage to do right. Rani's Horn. Trees as Historians. Tt has been fouud that the rings of growth visible in the trunks of trees have a far more interesting story to tell than has usually been supposed. Everybody knows that they iudicate the number of years that the tree has lived, but J. Keuchler, of Texas, has recently made experiments and obser vations which seem to show that trees carry in their trunks a record of the weather conditions that have prevailed during the successive years of their growth. Several trees, each more than 130 years old, were felled, and the order aud relative width of the rings of growth in their truuks were found to agree exactly. This fact showed that all the trees j had experienced the same stimulation j in certain years and the same retarda tion in other years. Assuming that the most rapid growth had occurred in wet years, and the least, rapid in dry years, it was concluded that out of the IM4 years covered by the life of the trees sixty had been very wet, six extremely wet, eighteen wet, seven teen average as to the supply of mois ture, nineteen dry, eight very dry and six extremely dry. But when the records of rainfall, ruuning back as far as 1840, were con sulted, it was found that they did not all agree with the record of the trees. Still it could not be denied that the rings in the trunks told a true story of the weather intluences which had effected the trees in successive years. The conclusion was therefore reached that the record o! the rings contained more than a mere index of the annual rainfall; that it showed what the character of the seasons had been as to suushiue, temperature, evaporation, regularity or irregularity of the supply of moisture, and tho like ; in short,that the trees contained, indelibly imprinted in their trunks, more than 100 years of nature's his tory, a history which wo might com pletely decipher if we could but look upon the face of nature from a tree's poiut of view.—Atlanta Constitution. The Urcat Salt Lake's Weight. I 'During a trip through Utah a few mouths ago," said A. C. Levering, of ! Kansas City, at the Laclede last night, ! "I witnessed a most convincing proof of the weight of the salt-laden waters I of the Great Salt Lake. A strong gale of wind was blowing over the lake and driving its surface into low, white capped ridges, while along tho shore the loam lay like Hat banks of new fallen snow. If as strong a wind had passed across H lake of lresh water of equal extent it would unquestionably have produced such an agitation of its surface that navigation in small boats would have been difficult, if not high ly perilous. The waves there showed a curious resistance to the wind and rose ouly to a slight elevation. Yet there was an immense momentum stirred up in those low, heavy, slow moving waves. I ventured Lito tho water at a point whore the depth did not exceed three feet, and found that it was impossible to staud against them, as their sheer weight swept me resistlessly along. I was told that it was impossible to dive through an on coming wave after tho manner prac ticed by bathers along the Atlantic coast."—St. Louis Globe-Democrat A Paper Fire Engine. The Fire Department at Berlin has a fire engine, the carriage of which is constructed entirely out of papier macho. All the different parts, tho body, wheels, pole, etc., are finished in the best possible manner. While the durability and powers of resis tance possessed by this material arc fully as great as those of wood, the weight is of course much less. Tho lightness of a lie engiue is, o ' course, a great advantage, and it seems not unlikely that wooden carriages will in short time pass out of use altogether. —St. Louis Globe-Democrat. A "Surprise" Wedding. The new idea in society is the "sur prise" wedding. Invitations are sent out for a dinner party, and when the dinner is over tho parson is introduced in "a few well chosen words." The bridegroom takes his guests into his confidence, the bride blusliingly takes her place and the marriage is solemn ized without further ceremony. —Naw York Dispatch. THE GLACIAL MILESTONES. ORIGIN AND NATURE OF THESE ERRATIC BOWLDERS. The Soil Has Been Slowly Forming Over Them Since the Great Ice Age -Stony Aliens. THE following is an extract from "Some Records of the Ice Age About New York," by T. Mitchell Prudden, M. TY, in Harper's Magazine: Many of the glacial traces about New York arc buried up by the soil which has been slowly forming over them since the end of the great ice age. If, however, one lingers in his wanderings here abouts where the ground is being cleared for building, he will observe, almost everywhere, where much soil and earth and gravel are being dug out and carted off to clear the rock surfaces in preparation for blasting, that larger and smaller rounded rocks are found imbedded in the gravel. They are usually too round and awk ward in shape to be useful in the masonry even of the foundations of buildings. Many of them are too large to be shoveled into the carts and car ried away with the dirt and gravel. And so one usually sees them rolled off on one side, out of the way, on the bared rock surfaces, until these are freed froni soil, when they, too, are hoisted lip and dragged ofi to some convenient dumping-ground where land, as they say, is being "made." If one looks a little closely at these despised bowlders he will find that many of them are of entirely different character from any of our native rocks. Sometimes they are rock called trap, like that which makes the Palisades; sometimes rock like that which is at home in regions many miles to the north and west of New York. And they are rounded and smoothed in away which indicates an enormous amount of wear and rub bing sometime somewhere. It is curious turning back in the books to the record of a time only a few decades ago, to read the specula tions of the learned as to the origin and nature of these erratic bowlders, which, from their noteworthy shape and their structure, often so different from that of the rocks over which they lie scattered, early attracted at tention. Home thought that they mu-t. have been cast up out of a dis tant volcauo in an earlier time and fell scattered here. For some they were rounded by the wash of Noah's Hood, and swept by its. fierce torrents into alien regions. Others sank—in theory—the earth's crust thereabouts for many feet, and—in theory still let enormous icebergs from some dis tant arctic region drift over here, and melting, drop their ice-borne freight of rocks. Home would have it that the earth was once surrounded by a separate rock shell which somehow came to grief and left its shattered remnants down broadcast. Others, still more dramatic, worked up their facts and fancies to the point of as burning collision with a comet. The record, graven ou the rocks told the true story at last, however, when the people got ready to read it. These rounded rocks or bowlders— these erratics, waifs and aliens—are, as well-known to-day, the torn-off and transported fragments of rock masses which the great ice manflc brought down here during the cold weather do long ago and incontinently dropped when the climate changed and the sun swept its borders back toward Greenland aud the pole. Many of these erratics still bear bruises and scratches testifying to their tierce en counters with the old bed rock along which the relentless ice mass ground them in their journey toward the coast. Here they have iaiu. these stony aliens, through all the long ages, buried up with other glacial wreckage, covered in by soil later formed, sharing their secrets with the rootlets of vanished generations of plants and trees, until at last another alien, Italian orCelt mayhap, breaks in upon their seclusion with pick and shovel and rolls them ignominiously away. Then, at the scarred rock sur faces, the steam-drill pecks viciously, puny successors to the gigautic sculp tor of the old ice age, whose records it and its explosive allies soon erase. How He Saved the Baby. Elijah Davis, a motormau on car 121 on the Lake Breeze line of the Salt Lake City Railway, some days ago saved the life of a babe which had crawled upon the track between Ninth and Tenth West on Second South. As the car turned ou to the clear stretch in the vicinity of the Fisher Brewing Company's works Davis gave it all the current possible, and the motor was doing its best. The motor man had his eyes fixed ahead, and to his horror saw a little child not over eighteen mouths old moving in the grass and weeds in the middle of the track. He threw off the current, set his brakes and rang the bell. The track was slippery, aud the wheels continued to move. The car was rap idly approaching the babe, and it seemed as though no power could save it. The contiuueri ringing of the gong and the shouts ol the motorman at tracted the attention of the child, and it crawled out of the weeds aud di rectly upon the rail. Here its posi tion was even more dangerous than the other, for the cruel wheels was sure to grind the little body into small pieces. Seeing that ho could not control his car, J)avis left his post, jumped to the step, and, cling ing to the outside hand rail, reached out ahead of the car. The babv was still on the track, and as the car rushed down upon it the plucky mo torman grasped its dress and drew tho child out of harm's way. —Salt Lake (Utah) Herald. THE OLDER BOSTON. The English Town After Which Onr Mod ern City X. Named. Few of the thousands of people who look upon Boston, in Massachu setts, as oue of the finest cities on the continent (and therefore as one of the finest In the world) are aware of the existence of a much older town of the same name from which onr modern city took its name. Is Is over in England and, though now but a sleepy town, was at one time one o( twas founded In 667 by St. Botolpb, and was named .iohn cotton. tee u tli century It paid more taxes than any other town In England, with one exception, and It continued to prosper until Queen Bess' time, when the mouth of the river Wlthatn, which flows through the town, dried up and as a conse quence Its commerce was destroyed. The oldest edifice In town is St Botolph's Church which was built early in the 12th century. At tho time the Pilgrim Fathers landed at Plymouth Rock, this church was pre sided over by Rov. John Cotton, an eccleslast of great learning and much loved by the people. Believing that the new country offered him a better Held for work Cotton sailed hither with several other good Englishmen and landed in Massachusetts bay. Here they founded a new town and THK Ol,l> BOSTON CHCBCH. named it Boston, out of respect for John Cotton, the first pastor of the first church to have an existence In the Boston of the new world. Mr. Cotton lived to a good age, dying In 1652, honored by the whole colony. His old church in Boston, Eng., still stands and Is an object of much in terest to travelers. In 1855 the peo ple of the American Boston restored the old church to a good condition and placed in it a tablet com memorating the virtues and services of John Cotton. A Variety or Hats. Wonderful is the variety of' head gear worn in the streets and parks ol Paris. In most instances the station of a person is defined by tho manner in which his head is covered. Maids and nurses are in white caps, often decorated with gay ribbons: peasant women, fresh from the country, ap pear in bonnets whose queer shapes differ according to the province whence tte wearer has come: and market women wear colored hand kerchiefs twisted around the head In a style they term marmotte. Work men, tradesmen and those in the ser vice of special companies wear on their heads the insignia of their oc cupations. Civil employes, police, postmen and firemen are uniformed; the drivers of omnibuses, tramways and carriages have their distinctive hats, and to a stranger It appears as If all business weie under military rule. Pastry cooks' apprentices ap pear in caps of immaculate wtilte linen. The drivers of private car riages have hats decorated wlth vari ous hands of gold and silver, as well as cockades of different colors. Well bred Paris poodles are shaved once a month. Men who make their living by shaving them bear the announce ment of their trade around their hats. They are high, black, var nished ones, probably originally be longing to coachmen, on which are painted half-clipped poodles and 'half opened shears. Promising Pupil. 'The "Life of General Sir Hope Grant" contains an amusing account of the teaching carried on, perhaps fifty years ago. in the dame school of an English village. A little fellow was brought for ward as a show pupil when some la dies were visiting the school, and re sponded thus to questioning: •What's the first letter of the al phabet?" asked the dame. "Ah don't know." "We must give him a commence ment, ma'am," said the teacher, aside. "A is the first letter. What's the second?" "Ah don't Know." ••What H it that buzzes about the garden?" "Flies." "Thou art a stupid hoy. Bees buz zes about the garden. B's the second letter, what's the third'-"' "Ah don't know." "What do 1 do wheu 1 look at thee?" "Thou iquintest " "Oh, then stupid Doy! Do 1 not sec thee? ois the thiid letter. Now what do two aud two make?" This time the boy answered with triumphant readiness: "Five!" "See. ma'am." said the old dame, cxultiugly, "bow nigh he is to it!" MY SWEETHEART 'Twas a .plaint rtaymo scrawled in a spelling boo'*. And nauded to me with a bashful look, By my blue-eyed sweetheart so fondly true, Iu the dear old school duys long years ago— "lf you love me as I love you No knife can cut our love iu two." That "Sanders' Spoiler," so tattorod and torn, Has always a halo of romance worn, And never a poet with honeyed pen Has written so precious a rhyme since then— 'lf you love me as I love you." Ab, dear, you know I did—l do. I've kept it safely for many a yenr— This dog's-eared, shabby old spelling-book, dear, And now. as I hold it withiu my hand. Again in tho school-room I seem to stand-* Heading once more with rapture now "lf you love me as I love you." How some foolish saying from out the past Like a rose branch is over the pathway cast, And the time of flowers, we still remember, Till minds blow cold in the bleak Deooinber. (lod grant it always may bo true— "That you love me as I love you." —Carolyn L. Bacon, in Buffalo Express. 11l XOIt OF THE DAY. Doing time—The lady who grows younger every year. —Puck. [t is usually a great big man who insults you.—Atchison Globe. Tho politician's favorito novel— "Put Yourself in His Place."—Puck. Many do a heap of hard climbing iu search of easy grades.—Chicago Her ald. Order of the Bath—Come right out of that water this minute I—Boston Transcript. No man can worry about how ho looks and keep his bank account grow ing.—Atchison Globe. Some people are of such happy dis positions that thev never amouut to much.—Atchison Globe. A great deal of the piety of to-day is a thing of great beauty becauso it is only skin deep.—Puck. Never put any confidence in the answers of a man who is afraid to say "I don't know," occasionally. Don't think that becauso a man has done you a favor he is under everlast ing obligations to you.—Puck. Butter is prime while it's fresh; but a nmu lifts long lost his freshness when he reaches his prime.—Puck. "Are you certain that you love me?" "I am.' 1 "But are you sure that you are certain V"—New York Press. The lawyer who workeil like a horse was engaged in drawing a convey ance.—Boston Commercial Bulletin. May—"Next to a man, what's the jolliest. thing you kuow of?" Ethel "Myself, if he's nice."—Brooklyn Life. One of the dampers of ambition is the fact that- the mautle of greatness has to be worn as a shroud too often. —Puck. One's own capacity is a poor stand ard of measurement; the stars shine, though my near-sighted neighbor deny it. —Puck. When a man does not. want to do a thing he says "I caunot;" when he cannot do it he says "I don't want to."—Fliegende Blaetter. The average dwarf is at a very se rious disadvantage. No matter how large his income he is always sure to be short.—Buffalo Courier. When a boy goes out West hunting, and writes home that ho killed a deer, he can fool his mother, but ho can't fool his father.—Atchison Globe. As the express <lashes through the station—"O, porter, doesn't that train stop here?" Porter—''No,mam; it don't even hesitate."—Tit-Bits. To his mute the caterpillar said In a tone of caution, soft and low. As they ••luug to the branch just overhead, Get onto the the girl in the hammock below. —Washington Star. A man regards his newspaper much as he docs his wife--something to find fault with when he feels cross ahd something he uever approves of--Atch ison Globe. "I love to listen to the patter of the rain on the roof," said the miserly poet. "I suppose you do," said his wife. "It's a cheap amusemeut."— Harper's Bazar. Bora—"Don't you think my gowns Jit better than they used to?" Cora— "Yes. Your dressmaker told me yes terday she was taking lessons in geome try."—Harlem Life. Mr. Oldstyle—"l don't think that a college education amounts to much." Mr. Sparerod—"Dou't you? Well, you ought to foot my hoy's bills and sec."—New York World. No woman is such a slouch at mathe matics that she cau't tell in half a iniuute how much her husband would save in the course of a year if he shaved himself.—Atchison Globe. One of the unexplaiued mysteries of life is how difficult it is sometimes to get into a comfortable position when you go to bed, and how unusual to find ono that isn't conifortable when you have to get up.—Puck. Jinks (yn the rail) —"I was talking with an oruiucnt physician in the amoker." Mrs. Jinks—"What is his name?" "He didn't mention it, and I did not like to ask." "Then why do you think lie is an eminent physi eiaji?" "1 asked him what was the best cure for consumption, and ho said he didn't know."—Puck. Cabmau (at library) —"Say, is this hero the uovel you advised mo to read?" Librarian—"Yes; that's the one. ' Cabman "Well, you can take it back. There's nine people in the first four chapters who hired cabs. |Bnd each of 'em when he got out 'Hung Jris purse to the driver.' Now when I waut that sort of literature, I'll go to Jules Verne and get it pure. "—Chi cago Record.