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Freeland tribune. (Freeland, Pa.) 1888-1921, September 29, 1898, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87080287/1898-09-29/ed-1/seq-2/

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IVago-a-ago bur Lor, iu fcauioa, will
speedily be converted iuto a first-class
coaling station for tho American Navy.
Uncle Sam owns some valuable real
estate aud riparian rights in the Sa
rnoau Islands, and he mauifests a be
coming determination to supply the
property with modern improvements.
The census authorities have, by the
use of means that space will not allow
the explanation of, supplied deficien
cies and additional data that enable
them to deduce the true annual aver
age death rate of the country to be
about eighteen per one thousand.
This is lower than that of any Euro
pean countries save Norway and
Sweden, which fall slightly below it.
Great Britain, on the same basis, has
a death rate of 19.4, Ireland of 18.2,
France of 22.5, Germany of 22.1, and
Austria of 29.4. Hungary has a death
rate of 32.1 per ono thousand annually,
the highest found in Europe.
Advance sheets of the Consular | j
Reports, issued by the State Depart- j
meat in AVashiugton, treat of the de- | i
velopment of gardeners' schools in ;
Russia. The principal part of the j
pamphlet is occupied by the report of
the Consul at Odessa, who writes
about the schools iu the province of
Ekaterinoslav, iu tho south of Rus3ia.
The principal object of these schools
is to improve the farming methods in
use by the peasants, who are exceed
ingly backward. It is said that with
the tilling of the soil in a proper man
ner it could be made to yield at least
three times as many bushels per acre
as it does at present, and the import
ance of the efforts being made in this
direction is shown by the annual pro
duction of grain in Russia. From
1893 to 1596, the yield of wheat alone
ranged from 370,000,000 to nearly
450,000,000 bushels j>er annum.
Boston has had a daily medical in
spection of her schools for the last
three years, and the system is pro
nounced eminently successful in its
results. The city i 3 divided into fifty
districts for medical visitation, and to
each visitor from one to five schools
are assigned. Teachers report the
cases of children who seem to bo ail
ing, and the medical inspector decides
whether the illness is sufficient to
justify sending the pupil home again.
A report of this inspection for one
year shows an examination of 8904
cases, of which 1150 were found to be
too ill to remain in school. The Presi
dent of the Board of Health bears
testimony to the efficacy of this system
of inspection, aud says that by the
promptitude and thoroughness of its
action it has arrested epidemics of
diphtheria, scarlet fever and other
infectious and contagious maladies.
The system is worthy of adoption else
where than in Boston, and it is rather
a wonder that something of this sort
was not thought of long ago.
In seeking an explanation of the
success of our ships in the present
war, foreign critics are turning to the
last report of the Secretary of the
Navy, in which tho following passage
occurred: "It is a vital necessity,
from the standpoint of the Nation, to
have our naval service perfect at every
point. To provide target practice for
all ships of our navy now necessitates
8300,000 a year. This allowance for
target practice should be increased, !
not diminished; for it is all-important
to have our ships at the highest pitch
of military efficiency. Aud for the
same reason there should he no hesi
tation in providing for the necessary
increase of officers and their proper
payment. There is no use in having
the best ships and the best guns, if
these ships are not to he handled in
the best way aud the guns served with
the utmost accuracy. Sluch depends
upon building ships aud guns; but
even more depends upon using them
aright after they have been built. We
can hardly pay too high a price for tho
highest performance of duty afloat;
aud the best use of material—that is,
the most perfect training of tho per
sonnel—can only he obtained by the
expenditure of money. The men must
bo drilled aud drilled, aud drilled
again; the ships must be manoeuvred
in squadron month iu aud month out;
the practice with the great guns at
targets must*go on without ceasing.
Only in this way can the best results
be reached, and in this way they are
ceriain to be reached. Tho personnel
is tho vitally important point in the
navy. It pays to wear out the mater
ial in training the personnel; for the
result is that the personnel reaches
snch a pitch of perfection that it can
respond to any possible demands made
upon it. It is wiso to expend money
freely upon the tools with which the
officer work; and tho most important
of these tools is tho officer himself."
Now that the value of our methods
has been demonstrated, we may ex
pect to have plenty of imitators.
PERSEVERE.
If at first you Jo succeed,
Try again!
Life is more than just one deed;
Try again.
Never stop with what you've done.
More remains than you have won,
Full content's vouchsafed to nouo;
Try again!
If you've earned a hit of fame,
Try again!
Beek a still more honored name,
Try again.
Sit not down with folded hands,
Cramp not hope with narrow bands;
Think what prowess life domands!
Try again I
If you've won on lower plane.
Try again!
Life is more than one campaign;
Try again.
Send your guidons to the fore,
Strive to seize ono standard more,
Still ungained aro palms gulore;
Try again!
If at first you do succeed,
Try agniul
For future harvests sow tho seed,
Try again.
Else with sacred discontent,
Realize that life Is lent
On highest searches to ho spent;
Try agninl
-C. A. S.Dwigbt, In Youth's Companion.
8 A STAMP FIGHT, j
Q By Eleanor Kirk. Q
booaooooocooooooooeooooooo
to mo, an
B able-bodied fellow
I<s W '* ke ou hoi'dfi l "!
rfgv C something to do if
I he tried hard
> Albert Duryea,
% a youth'of eight-
L flfw i oeu ' a Hank,
TmR V*- handsome face,
tffl aQ d a sturdy, well-
VLJn ®-- r' knit frame, looked
' uvt W-'/ somewhat grave
'' J?, and discouraged as
these words fell
from the lips of the rich merchant to
whom he had applied for a position.
"That's what everybody says, sir,"
the boy replied. "And that's what I
thought myself when I started out. I
have good references," he added, with
a brave Btruggle against disappoint
ment, "and I will do anything to earn
a little money to keep my mother with.
She isn't very strong, sir."
Albert Duryea had spent nearly a
month in the endeavor to find work,
and at this point it was about all the
poor fellow could do to keep from
breaking down ignominiously.
He had always supposed that if it
was necessary for a son to support his
mother, everybody would be interested
in helping him.
The mothers who suffered poverty
and hunger either hadn't any sons, or
their sons were not willing to work for
them. But he had not walked the
streets for four weeks without finding
out his mistake.
"Your mother's a widow, then?"
The merohant glanced up from his
bills and surveyed his companion
again from head toloot. At last—and
Albert's heart gave a quick, joyful leap
—somebody was interested in his
mother.
"Yes, sir," he replied. "Perhaps
you remember Hamilton Duryea? He
was my father. He failed in business
about six months ago, lost everything,
and then—then he was taken very ill,
nnd only lived a little while. I was all
ready for college, but of course I had
to give up that and try to see what 1
could do."
"I remember your father very well,"
the gentleman responded, with consid
erable iuterest and respect in his tone;
"but where are your father's friends?
I should think that among them all a
position might be scared up for you."
"But they say there are many young
men wanting situations nnd times are
so hard. They tell mo there doesn't
seem to be anything doing," the youth
answered.
Tho grim face of tho merchaut re
laxed a little, and a ghost of a smile
played about his mouth.
"Times are always dull, my boy,
when a man wauts work," lie said.
Then he put his hand into his pocket
and drew out a roll of bills.
"I don't feel justified," he went on,
"in making room for a clerk I do not
need. I should like to give you em
ployment, nnd if there was a vacancy
I would set you to work to-day.
This," extending hi 3 hand with a five
dollar inclosed, "will help your mother
a little, perhaps."
Albert Duryea drew back as if he
had been struck, while all tho blood
in his body seemed to have rushed to
his face.
He opened his mouth to speak, but
the words would not come. Tho man
of business dropped tho money on tho
counter and resumed his work.
The boy stood for a moment a pic
ture of helpless wretchedness, thon,
unable to say anything but a low ami
almost innrticulato "Good-morning,
sir," turned and left the establish
ment.
Uf course, ho must have looked like
a beggar, aud acted like a beggar, he
said to himself, or ho never would
have been taken for a beggar. He sup
posed his clothes looked rather out of
date, but they were clean and cer
tainly not ragged.
All this time ho had been laboring
I under tho mistake that he presented
> the appearance of agentlomaulyyoung
. fellow. This was a revelation, in
, deed. He must have been looking too
high. His former social standing did
1 not count, aud his education seemed
i to be going for nothing.
He had never once thought of shov
eling coal, or asking for a porter's or
a waiter's position. Suppose he got a
J chnuco to put ten or a dozen tons of
t coal iuto somebody's cellar, would he
' do it? he inquired of himself. He
3 would. Was there anything honest
he would not do for his mother? There
was not.
Some way, he grow stronger, and
the ache left his heart, as ho assured
himself that there was 110 occupation
so menial that he would not welcome
it for hi 3 mother's sake.
There was one oiler that he had de
clined. It was to canvass for a pic
torial volume. He could not recall
the name. He remembered that in
his former home the servants were al
ways instructed to dispose as speedily
as possible of all such applicants, aud
he had never seen any house where
canvasser were welcomed. He was
glad to think he had always been sorry
for those poor people.
Now everything else had failed, and
he could not go home again with the
old story of hard luck. His mother
was growing weak and ill for the lack
of the nourisheng food she had all her
life beeu nccustomed to, and he could
n't bear it another day.
He would canvass for this book. If
folks slammed their doors in his face,
he would try to be ashamed of them,
aud not of himself. It was ahardjob,
and when at last, equipped with his
book aud his circulars, lie climbed the
first flight of steps to the doorbell, ho
was in a state of excitement which
none but the sensitive can ever under
stand. Hut he rang the bell, aud the
summons was auswered.
"I have a book to show the lady of
the house, please," said Albert, polite
ly, but firmly.
"Go show it to the cobble-stones,"
was the inspiring answer. "Tho lady
of the house ain't in."
And bang went the door.
It would take too long to relate the
varied experiences of this amateur can
vasser, but out of three hours' consec
utive and conscientious ringing of
bells, Albert managed to interview two
ladies and one little girl. One lady
already had the volume. The other
would think about buying it. If the
canvasser was around that way in a
week or two, she would talk with him
again.
The little girl wanted to see the pic
tures. The servant, kinder or more
unsuspicious or intuitive than the
rest, let the boy into the hall, while
she went upstairs to her mistress.
Unfortunately, the lady was asleep.
Albert lingered a few moments, aud
let tho little girl examine the book,and
then, tired aud sick atheart, turned to
leave the house.
"I wish you'd stay longer," the
child told him kindly. "When will
you come again ?"
"Some day, perhaps," the hoy an
swered, as lie turned his head away
to hide the tears that had filled his
eyes. jir%s£!>
The little girl's recognition of his
true charcter had softened his heart,
aud made it easier for him to ring a
few more doorbells.
Hut it was all of no use. Albert
Duryea was utterly deficient in all the
qualities that make a successful can
vasser. It was getting late in the
afternoon, and there was nothing to
do but to take the book back, and con
fess his failure. But how could he
go home to his mother with such a
story? He had walked miles and
miles. He was foot-weary and soul
weary. How could he give up' when
this canvassing had come to be hi 3
only resource? So he spurred him
self on again, and went to house after
house, but with the same unfortunate
result. '
There was only one more residence
on the block that remained to be
tested, and as he ascended the step, a
coal cart was depositing its load upon
the sidewalk. A middle-aged, rather
sharp-featured woman opened the
door, and passed down a receipt to
the driver; as she did so, she gave the
boy a quiok glance, and shook her
head.
"We don't want to buy anything,"
she said.
"Have you engaged any one to put
your coal in?" Albert asked, respect
fully.
"Xo. Why?" the woman inquired.
"Because if not, I wish you would
let mo do it."
"You? You want to put in that
coal?"
"Yes, madam."
"But you'll spoil your clothes."
"Are you willing I should put it
in?"
"Willing? Yes. There aro three
tons on that sidewalk. I usually give
twenty-five cents a ton. I'll give you
n dollar for the three."
"All right, ma'am." said Albert,
cheerily. "Thank you I Will you
please take care of this book for me.
and tell me where to find a basket and
a shovel?"
The lady took the book, looked the
youth over again, and then gave him
the desired information.
"Take it easy," she said. "It's
back-breaking work for one that's not
used to it."
Thn gratitude of this boy for the
opportunity to earn a dollar by the
hardest kiud of work was indeed
pathetic and gave his employer a sharp
heartache.
"Oh, I shall get on very nicely, I
am sure," Albert responded, his fine
faco aglow; "and I'm so glad I hap
pened to come along in the right
time."
"Well, don't break your back, that's
all 1 And if you get too tired, don't
be ashamed to let me know."
A smile was the only answer to this
kindness. There were sympathetic
people in the world, after all his rough
experience, Albert told liimsolf. Every
pleasant word had been an additional
inspiration, and the way the coal flew
into the cellar would have put to
shame many a professional shoveller.
Occasionally the laborer straightened
himself up and gave the overtaxed
muscles a little rest; but it was only
a little. It was growing duskish now,
[ and very soon his mother would be
anxious about him. The last half ton
| went hard, but it was in finally, and
i then r servnut came outwith n broom.
- "You are to go in the laundry and
| wash up," she said, as Albert was
going to take the broom, "and then
the mistress wants to see you In th
back parlor."
Never was toilet made in speedier
time. Albert wondered if all the coal
men went to the back parlor to see the
mistress, or washed and brushed.
He knocked on the (floor of this apart
ment.
"I asked you to some in," the lady
said, "beceuse my brother wants to
see you. Come this way."
And Albert followed her into an ex
quisite dining-room, where, at the
head of a small but elegantly ap
pointed table, sat the merchant who
had offered him five dollars in the
morning.
The boy's face was on fire again.
"I thought I recognized you," the
gentleman remarked, with a smile.
"And so you have been putting in my
coal?"
"I didn't know it was yours," Al
bert replied.
"I suppose not," said the merchant.
"I want you to sit down here beside
me and have some dinner. You have
earned it, goodness knows! so please
don't refuse. And, Albert, I wish 1o
say also that the boy who preferred to
earn a dollar by shovelling coal to
taking five that he didn't earn, is just
the young fellow I need, and I cannot
afford not to make a place for such a
one. You can come to work to-morrow
morning at eight o'clock."
"I'm afraid you'll think, sir, thnt I
haven't much gift of language," Al
bert responded, when he could com
mand his voice; "and the fact is, I'm
too astonished and overjoyed to know
what to say."
"Never mind about saying any
thing," said the gentleman. "Sit
down and have some dinner. That's
the most practical thing to be doe
now."
Albert had had nothing to eat since
breakfast, and his recent exercise had
made him frightfully hungry; but he
was loyal to the last.
"Mother will be waiting for me
and worrying," he replied, simply,
and I know I ought to be going, if
you'll please excuse me."
"Very well," the gentleman assent
ed. "Here is your dollar, and sister
has packed a basket for your mother.
Don't refuse it, my boy."
"No, sir, not for the world!" said
Albert. "And, .oh, I am so gratefnl
to you both! Perhaps, some day, 1
can show you better than I can tell
you. Good night, sir! Good night,
ma'am!"
Mrs. Duryca thought it was a
young whirlwind that had rushed
into the house that evening instead of
her son. He could usually tell a
straight story, but now, shoveling
coal aud a five-dollar bill were so
mixed up with canvassing for a hook,
a dear little girl and a splendid situa
tion, that it was a long time before
she could make head or tail of it.—
Golden Days.
Reporter and Lawyer.
The lawyer didn't want to be inter
viewed. He had tried to impress this
fact upon the mind of the reporter in
so many words. But the reporter was
very persistent. He was endeavoring
to convince the lawyer that it would
be to the advantage of everybody if
he would talk.
The mau of law interrupted him.
"Just have a seat for a moment, young
man," he said, motioning to a chair ut
the other end of the office.
The newsgather congratulated him
self on the fact that his cause was as
good as won.
The lawyer beut over his desk, and
for a moment or two there was silence
in the room, save for the raspiug
scratch of his pen.
Then he sat erect, and after scan
ning the sheet of letter paper on which
he had been writing affixed his signa
ture folded tho sheet, and handed it to
the reporter without a word.
Here is what the reporter read:
"Mr Reporter: Dear Sir—lu reply
to your request for information about
the matter to which you refer, I bog
lenvo to apprise you of the fact that I
have absolutely nothing to say. I re
iterate, I have nothing whatever to
say; therefore, I presume yon wilt
grasp the idea that I do not wish to
say anything. Y'ours, etc.,
"JEKEMIAII H. BLACKSTOXE."
Not wishing to bo outgeneraled, tho
reporter took an old envelope out of
his pocket and soribbled the followiug
on the back of it:
"Mr. Jeremiah Blackstone, Attor
ney at Law; Dear Sir—Yours of to
day received aud contents noted. In
asmuch as tho letter itself deserves
publication as tending to hear out (he
old saying thnt it takes a lawyer longer
to say nothing thau nuy living being,
my mission has not been entirely
futile."
This he deposited on the desk in
front of the lawyer without comment
of any kind, and departed forthwith.
—Chicago Journal.
After the Honor*.
They sat on the beach, and he had
been talking to her very earnestly.
Now he was waiting for her to speak.
She dug holes in the sand with her
parasol aud blushed aud hesitated.
"George," she said at last, "your
attnek has been almost irresistible,
aud I feel that I must surrender "
"Dearest!" he interrupted, and it
was evident then thnt the maueuvring
was to bo at close quarters.
"Provided," she went on, "that it
is understood thnt I am to be accorded
all the honors of war."
"Which are?" ho said inquiringly.
"A diamond engagement ring," she
replied.
Having agreed to this, the final de
tails of tho capitulation were soon
settled.—New York Journal.
Stcel-llarrienml Gins*.
Through persistent experimenting a
process has been discovered by which
glass can be hardened to the consis
tency of steel and its first practical ap
plication is being given to the mauu
! facture of skates.
The Colt's Feet.
Neither the bones of the colt's leg
nor the muscles and hoof of his feet
have acquired sufficient firmness to
enable it to be put on stable floors of
either wood, stone or cement. If for
any reason the colt cannot run with
its dam while she is at work, let it
have a yard by itself with a turf floor
ing, rather thau put him in a floored
stable. It is while the colt is young
that the future character of his feet is
being decided.
A Market-XVaKon Box.
Few farmers have a covered market
wagon with inside arrangements for
transporting different kinds of farm
products. The cut given herewith
shows a simple box that can be set
j—jeesjLJ;
p=Y Wmm\
liML
A FARMER'S WAOOX CONVENIENCE.
inside an express or farm wagon, giv
ing lots of room, aud a kind of room
that keeps the different products by
themselves. The doors in the rear
open into a roomy closet,where bulky
articles can be stored, while in the
drawers on either side can bo carried
snob articles as butter, eggs, eto. The
railed space on top will accommodate
bulky vegetables—such as cabbage,
eto., and bags of other articles. The
advantago of such a mnrket box is
thnt no separate wagon is required.
And when not engaged in mnrket uses
the box can be taken out and the
wagon used for other purposes.
Comfort For Sheep.
■While it is true that the mutton
breed of sheep suffer more from
parasites than the Merino, it is by no
means true that the breed named is
wholly exempt, as seems to bo tho
general impression. Thanks to per
sistent and careful experimenters, i
sheep raisers now handle the tick \
readily by dipping, but the internal
parasites are more difficult to over- j
come. This trouble is usually more
severe on lambs, and the best way to
avoid the difficulty is not to pasture I
lambs on fields, that were occupied by
sheep the previous season. This is
more or less troublesome, but it will
be easy by having two fields to alter- t
nato yearly as pastures. Suit and tur
pentine kept before the sheep at all j
times will do much to prevent the j
ravages of parasites. Plenty of pure j
water, shade and salt are also neces
sary during the summer with sheep,
whether on the range or partially con
fined, and with tbeso and the precau
tion against parasites, the animals
will keep in a thrifty condition.
A Siirplng of Drones Prevented*
We should govern the supply of
drones, aud au over-production of i
them is sure to follow if the bees are I
allowed to build their own comb. In
natural comb-building the bees build
a large amount of drone comb. They
do not do this solely for the purpose
of rearing drones, but build drone
size comb to store surplus honey in,
hence a large amount of it will be
found in every hive, aud when the
colony becomes strong during spring !
tho queen will fill all available drone '
comb with eggs, aud the result is thnt ;
a large force of drones is hatched. I
This is easily prevented by tho use of
foundation comb. This is made all
worker size, and when the frames are
properly filled with it all drones are
excluded. While it is important to
havo some drones to fertilize tho
young queens, these inny be provided
for by using a certain amount of drone
comb, and the beauty of this is that
we can use it in any colony we wish
and by this means select our breeding
stock.—Agriculturist Epitomist.
Buckwheat in Orchard*.
The only grain crop that can he
profitably grown iu au orchard is
buckwheat. It is not exhaustive, aud
the 3hade which its broad leaves fur
nish to the soil during July and
August helps to preserve moisture
quito as much as to tako it from tho
soil. Whenever there is n cool night,
a great amount of ,dew falls on the
broad buckwheat leaves, and this
dropping to the ground moistens the
surface soil, and supplies tho shallow
roots with the water needed during
the day. Wherever buckwheat is har
vested enough grain is scattered to
make a voluuteer crop the following
spring, which can be plowed under iu
June in time for sowing buckwheat
the followiug season. The only trouble
with keeping orchards always iu hack
wheat i 3 that tho soil is made too
light, and being left naked every win
ter it is often deep frozen, and tree
roots nearest the surfaees are badly
injured. Where buckwheat is grown
every year most of tho feeding treo
roots wilt bo found nsar tho surface.
Ornamental He Ig-es.
A hedge wherever planted or for
whatever purpose may be a delight to
the eye and of practical use, or decid
edly the reverse, owing to the amount
of care bestowed upon it. It matters
little of what plant, shrub or tree it is
composed, any one of tho plants used
for that purpose will look well if kept
neatly trimmed.
Tho man who sets out a hedge of
thorn or similar trees should consider
tho matter awhile before doing 80, as
to whether he will, for lack of time,
allow it to grow undisturbed for years,
then expend a goodly sum to have it
grubbed out after deciding it a nuis
ance to himself as well as his neigh
bors. I would not, however, discour
age hedge-plauting, for where is tho
iron worker or carpenter who can
fashion a fence to be compared with a
well-planted and well-cared-for hedge?
Among the many suitable plants for
hedging is Cydonia japonica (formerly
erroneously called Pyrus japonica), or
Japanese quince. This is a strong
growing, thorny shrub belonging to
the quince family, bearing in the
spring a great profusion of beautiful
bright crimson flowers, followed by
quantities of small quinces, whiob,
although generally supposed to bo of
no domestic value, when used i.n small
quantities with the regular quince im
part a delightful subacid flavor which
seems to be lacking in the cultivated
fruit. The flowers of the Japan quiace
are so bright and borne so abundantly
that the shrub is often called "burn
ing-buab."
The honey-locust is a very desirablo
hedging-plaut, the foilage being of
such a dear, refreshing green; and as
the young shoots and wood are rather
tender and succulent, are easily
trimmed. The well-known Osage
orange is used extensively for hedges,
and when kept under control serves
its purpose admirably; but if neglected
it soon becomes a curse to any laud.
Privet, a thornless shrub easy to
control, free growing and quite at
tractive, is used considerably and with
good effect.
In California, where the climate per
mits the rose to attain a high degree
of perfection, the La Prance rose is
very popular for hedging. To say that
the effect is flue, when the bushes are
iu full bloom, would be putting it
mildly. In the same State the com
mon white calla is used for the same
purpose, aud makes a very pleasing
hedge.
Very effective hedges, or covered
fences I might call them, are mado by
growing such vining plants as wild
grape, green aud golden leaved honey
suckle, woodbine, etc., on light wood
or iron fences.—Woman's Home Com
panion.
flrlnJlnj Mowing Machine Knivcn.
There is propriety in all things, and
the grindiugof mowing-machine knives
is not to be excepted. Most farmers,
however, hold the knives out at arm' 3
length and grind them on the top of
the stone, similar to the way that the
scythe is ground, thus not only mak
| ing the process a slow and laborious
! one, but producing a very poor edge
| indeed when compared with that which
is obtainable by the method shown
herewith in the illustration.
Iu order to achieve the purpose at
issue, one should have a good stone—
a stono so hung that it will run true.
It is preferable to have it mounted
I upon common friction-wheel bearings.
Why? Because these raise the centre
of it just high enough from the frame
to admit of the inch-board rest ou
each end and make it r.bont right for
i grinding the mowiug-inachino knife
when the back of the knife section is
held in position ngaiust the rest.
Thus constructed, hold the knife
section as described, but with the
i point pitching a little toward thestone
| aud at such au auglo to the face of it
, as will result in producing the re
! quisite cuttingbevel—a position easily
GUINDINO STOXE FOU THE FAIIM.
ascertained by tbo operator after a
few trials. Grasp the section bar with
one hand, and with the other press
the kuifo against the stone. Then let
the stone revolve toward the knife,
and when that is ground, which will
be surprisingly soon, try another, aud
so ou consecutively until all the knives
on oue side have been served alike,
whereupon change the other side onto
the other side of the stone (a thing
necessitated by the crank being in the
way of the end of the section bar), aud
in a very short time you will have all
the kuives in the most excellent con
dition. It is advisable, however, to
grind a few of the end knives occasion
ally on that side of the stone next to
the crank, for this, together with the
scythe and other grinding that there
may he, will tend to keep the surface
of the stone worn off evenly, which is
of the utmost importance.
When once a person has acquired
the art of grinding bevel-edged tools
in this manner it will afford him a
world of pleasure, iu that ho can thus
grind ohisels and all sueh tools to per
fection, his greatest care beiug to give
those that do not reach across the
face of the stoue a side-wise motion,
so as to wear the stone off' evenly. In
deed, it will encourage much the sharp
ening of tools, and this is just vhal
ought to bo desired, for nothing is
more out of place than one's endeav
oring to use advantageously a dull im
plement of any kind..—Xew York Tri
' bune.
NEW CURE FOR POISONING.
l\I.r 11 Uil Almost to Death to Save IIIi
Life.
The bleeding of a man almost to
death in order to save his life seems
like a contradiction in terms.but it is,
nevertheless, a fact, according to the
statement of the chief of the medical
staff of a London hospital The case
was a common enough one, a poor
wretch tired of life having taken a
large dose of laudanum in order to put
an effectual end to his miseries.
As soon as he was taken to the hos
pital the physicians set to work with a
stomach pump and exhausted all the
usual methods known to the fraternity
in treating cases of poisoning, but to
no avail. The poison had passed from
the man's stomach into his blood, and
in spite of everything he sank lower
and lower, until he was actually breath
ing only five times in five minutes.
The patient, according to the
physician, was practically dead, his
blood, which was circulating slowly in
his body, being impreguated with the
poison, when suddenly, with a brill
iant inspiration, which it is believed
marks a new era in the treatment of
this form of poisoning, the physician
decided that the only way to get the
poison out of the man's body was to
remove the blood which contained it.
He knew as everybody knows, that
the body ordinarily is equal to any
demand made upon it, and will soon
manufacture blood for itself, provided
that the quantity of blood withdrawn
from the veins is made up by a corre
sponding quantity of a solution of
salt and water of the same degree of
enltness as the blood itself.
The risk was, of course, enormons,
but the circumstances warranted the
taking of it, for such life as there was
in the mau's body was good ouly for a
short time, and was hardly life at all,
sseing that consciousness had almost,
if not entirely, vanished.
Accordingly, two pints of blood were
taken from the man, and it was found
to be "as black as ink." Two pints
of salt solution were then injected
into his veins, and in the course of a
few minutes he began to breathe more
rapidly, and one by one the organs
seemed to begin to resume the nor
mal exercise of their functions.
For days the man had to be care
fully treated, but now he's thoroughly
well and without any suspicion of
having gone through the valley of the
shadow of death.
POPULAR SCIENCE.
A single candle, to give its full
light, requires 101) cubic feet of air
per hour.
Professor Alsuel says that between
the ticks of a watch a ray of light
could move around the globe.
If the suu was to be divided into
smaller plauets, it would make 1,310,-
03d, each the size of the earth.
Professor Bilslik says: The right
hand, which is more sensitive to the
touch than the left, is less sensitive
than the latter to the effect of the heat
and cold.
All deserts are situated where the
winds from the ocean, before reaching
them, are exhausted of their moisture
by passing over mountains or across
extensive tracts of land.
In France tuberenlosis causes one
out of every six deaths, and claims
twice as many victims as typhoid
fever, diphtheria, scarlet fever, small
pox, cholera, and all other infectious
diseases.
The Foraminifera are protozoans
which secrete one-or-many chambered
shells. They occur in great abun
dance at the surface of the ocean, and
iu fossil in most of the geological
formations.
An eminent Prussian statistician,
Sussmilch, estimated iu the time of
Frederick I. of Prussia that aboutone
twelfth of the population of Europe
died of smallpox andthatnearly every
body had the disease.
Sea IVafer as Medicine.
"Sea water isn't as palatable as
chocolate ice cream soda," remarked a
young doctor with a merry look out of
the corner of his eye, "but neither is
castor oil or quinine or any medicine,
so far as that goes. One grows really
fond of it, however, and in time longs
for it. The trouble is that most peo
ple take their sen water as they would
a bite from a mad dog. They make
faces, get excited, fairly froth at the
mouth, and then ckaso off aud take a
drink of something that doesn't go
with it. All mixod drinks are bad for
the stomach, you know.
"The way to take salt watev is to
take it quietly with your sea bath and
leave it to do the rest. I followed the
sea when a boy for years, and went to
many strange countries with mauy
green crews, aud I never yet saw an
old sailor who was a dyspeptic, who
suffered from insomnia, biliououess,
nervousness, headaches or auy ol
man's every-day ailments, and why'
As soon as an old salt feels tho slight
est symptom of any sort of physical
derangement he lets a tin pail down
into his medicine chest, tho ocean,
hauls up a pailful of l'resli sea water,
blows off the foam with the airy grace
of a Bowery beer bibber, and takes a
high ball. Sailors are good-tempered
and even in their dispositions, and 1
believe it is duo to their fondness foi
and faith in the effectiveness of se{
water as a medicine. Yon people all
give it a fair trial and if you areu'l
benefited iu body and mind I'll tear Uj
my sheepskin."—New York Sun.
A Dangerous Ittver In China.
The Y'ellow River in China has
changed its channel four times in the
past 1000 years, and the point at which
it empties into the sea has from time
to time moved up aud down the coast
a distance of 303 miles. Its floods
have drownedover 10,000,000 persons
during the past three centuries, and
the destruction of property has been
proportionate.

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