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Established 1888. PUBLISHED EVERY MONDAY AND THURSDAY, BV THE TRIBUNE PRINTING COMPANY, Limited Office: Main Stiieiit Above Ckntiik. FREELAND, PA. SUBSCRIPTION KATES: One Year $1.50 six Months 75 Four Mon hs . .50 Two Mouths 25 The date which tho subscription is puid to Is on tho address label of each paper, the change of which to a subsequent date be comes a receipt for remittance. Keep the figures in advance of the present date. Re port promptly to this office whenever paper Is not received. Arrearages must be puid when subscription is discontinued. Ma'.e all mny orders, checks, t tc,,payable to tli Tribun. I'rint.nj Company, Limited. The American publio pays every year over $50,000,000 for general lit erature and school books. There should be a good chance for some American to engage in the busi ness of dyeing Spanish Hags in Porto Rico. China is prepared, in a measure, for the introduction of nil American rail way system. Her experiences with the powers of Europe have familiarized her with the rear-end collision. Tho short Indian war has been a real benefit to tbe small boy. He had almost come to tho conclusion that tho noble red man had become ineflicient; that there was no further glory to be wou in tracking and lighting him in the backyard. But recent events have changed all this. The imaginary In dian shares with the imaginary Span iard the honor of being a worthy ob ject of tho prowess of Y'oung America. The Anglo-Saxon is jmshing up ward and onward as the overwhelm ing world force because lie must, ob serves the New York Mail and Ex press. The Latin is falling behind because lie cannot help it. He is face to face with c mditions which arc be yond his power to meet or control. Nature has practically ended the "in evitable conflict" before the armies and navies have begun it. The Latin has had his day. Night comes with the twentieth century. Ibsen has given liis views on the subject of national disarmament. He says that such a proposal has his sym pathy—but if war were suppressed "we should have to discover some other means of blood-letting." He goes on to remark that "at the pres ent stage of human development we require something of the sort to pre vent our blood getting too thick." It is doubtful, iu tho Norwegian drama tist's opinion, whether the existence of military service really hinders prog ress, He thinks that its abolition might quite possibly bring about social retrogression. He has known instances in which tho barrack room has "transformed beasts into men." This opinion has additional value, coming from the citizen of a peaceful nation that is devoted to the industrial arts. ".Should Wives Work?" is a ques tion that has been undergoing lively discussion in the daily press and women's journals across the Atlantic, and many views have been given pro and con. The three forcible objec tions urged to tho wife being family bread-winner, are, 1. The man, whoso wife does what ho should do, deterior ates. 2. The home suffers because her time nnd attention is taken from it. 3. She, to sujiport her husband and liis children, dispossesses some man, willing and otherwise able to support his family. To these objections it was urged: 1. A husband falling sick or happening to other misfortunes, needs and has a rightful claim to his wife's assistance; and that, certainly, if he is disabled through any cause whatever, she has a light to provide for herself and those who thus be come dependent upon her. 2. That no natural woman will neglect her home unless the necessity to preserve it drives her forth. 3. That if neces sity to support herself and family de volves upon her, she is obliged to compete with men similarly placed. Tho IJilTercnco of Opinion. Rev. Mr. Cdftd water (of Dry town) — It your parents would only try spruce beer, my son, I think they would etop drinking that vile stuff you have theae! Jimmy— Yer think so do yer? Well, I think it'll be a cold day when yer seo any kids around here rushiu' de grow ler te r spruce beer!— Puck. Created Football (mm*. The Orientals of Bokhara Indulge in a peculiar pastime, which is said to resemble "football on horseback with no sides." A decapitated goat takes the place of the ball, and 200 hoi-se men scramble for It. HOW A SOLDIER IS MADE. A child la born—it gasps rind cries, And claps Its woo lists to Its eyes; It stares at those who stand around, And sleeps, a 9traugor unto caro, While she that smiles o'er joys, new-found, Prays for him ere He needs her prayer. A hundred childish ills he worries through, A thousand times his life bungs by a thread; Ho falls, when there Is nothing else to do, From some high perch, and strikes upon his head!— Ah, who shall say God keeps him not In sight, Nor hears tho prayers she offers up at night? Behold him bending o'er his book; Think on the patience and tho caro, Tho planning and the toil it took To place him there! Toll nnd bopo and despair, Grieving and doubting nad joy; Days that were dark and duys that were fair For those who love tho boy; Years that have wearily dragged, Years that have joyously passed, Hopes that havo flown and griefs that havo lagged— To mako him a man, at last. Hark to the summons that comes! Hear the merciless roll of tha drums! The man for whom plans wore made, He for whom schomes wore laid, Must brush thoin aside, for somowhoro Homebody Ims wronged some one- Let the banners wave high In the air, Thore Is soul-stirring "work to bo done! Down through tho valley and over tho slope, A regiment sweop9 to tho frayl What of the prayers, tho tolls, tho hope, And tho lofty plans of yesterday? An angry shot, A crimson clot. And the smiles and tcar3 Of twenty years End in a lump of lifeless clay. —S. E. Kisor, in Cleveland Loader. oSoocaoooooooooooooooooo^o § A VERDICT. 8 An Incident of Life in Tfcr? Mexioo. © ogoaooooaoooooooooooooooßo IjSjSRpUST like all other Vat > n New itj, y W'JM Mexico at that Dayton was MB a tou ßk town. M They were work ing on tlie rail i road—the railroad l A llover waa i Bad finished thai fix J ra '' l "oad Dayton would havo been l' * metropolis to- Cply kjlrjjntti, | day accordingly oHa ll rl° >a^'ou |[l HA. All Boney Walker, l V a K vad(;l '' was up before the justice [A \ the peace, I p'-fv charged with as " sault with intent to kill. There wa3 no other kind of assault in Dayton in those days. It I was not such a very serious charge, either, but there was circumstances connected with this particular case which made it a matter of interest to the, whole community. In tho first place, no ouo except a tenderfoot would ever have brought suchachargo against a reputable citizen. There were other ways of settling matters of dispute which custom had made the rule, and the peoble of Dayton dis liked to see suoh a radical change. Joe Perry, the tondorfoob who brought tho charge, had been working for Walker for several mouths, and had never been able to draw a cent of of the wages due him. Not only that, but ho had loaned Wulkor nearly overy cent he had in tho world, and the out look ahead of him was mighty blue. He had lived on frijoles and wormy bacon, and slept on the ground when he was out on tho grade, and ctluiped in tho corral when ho was in town. And all tho timo ho had been writing back East to his folks, telling them that he liked tho West—it was such a flee and easy life, and the people were bo hospitable and easy to get along with, and his health was better. It was all a bluff, of course. Walker was standing in front of the postotlico one day when Perry came out with a letter in his hand and a suspicions moisture in his eyes. Tho letter was from homo. His mother was not as well as usual, the letter Bald, and things were not goiug on as smoothly as they might. It wound up by asking if he could not send her a few dollars, as money was badly needed to buy her the little comforts that a sick person wants. Perry plucked up conrago, and, ap proaching Walker, asked him for some money. Walker pulled his re volver and struck ike lash youug man a vicious blow on tho head; that was his reply—a characteristio one, in deed. It was iii fact, Buch a natural thing for Walker to do that the people of Dayton were surprised greatly to learn that a warrant had been issued even. It must be understood that Walker had a big contract with tho railroad company, and was in debt to every body in the town. If he could keep going until the bonds were sold in the East, he and his creditors both stood a chance to get their money. To ask kirn for money now was, of course, au insult. What else could it be? But perhaps tho tenderfoot didn't know that. Justice of the Peace Smith was not only one of Walker's heaviest cred itors, but he was on his bond, also. .Walker wouldn't listen to reason at all. Ho was guilty, he insisted, and glad of it. Even when he was qnita sober, early in the morning, he was defiant, and stoutly maintained that he would have to plead guilty. So Justice of tho Peace Smith took him oil to one side and tyjkf d to him; "Look here, Boney," he said, "don't throw us all down like this. Suppose I have to send yon up; where are wo going to get out? You'll lose the contract and we'll lose our money. Never mind your reputation; stand by your friends." But Boney was obstinate, and still insisted that ho was obliged te plead guilty. For the better accommodation of the jury and the rest of Walker's creditors, court wa3 hold in tho old warehouse. Tho judge read the charge, with n tinge of sarcasm in his voice, which he with difficulty managed to conceal. The defendant waived counsel, and the trial proceeded. "Guilty or not guilty?" asked the court. The prisoner jumped to his feet. "Guilty!" he shouted. "And I'm sorry I didn't " The court interrupted him. "The prisoner pleads not guilty," the court said, in blandest tones, not looking at the prisoner, however. "The jury is I instructed to bring in a vordict in aa- ! cordance with this evidence." The prisoner sat speechless for a ] brief time. He was overcome with j violent emotion. a liar!" he shouted, get ting upon his feet at last. "I said 'Guilty!'" The court wa3 entirely unmoved. Doubtless it was prepared for some such outbreak upon the part of the prisoner. "The jury will now retire and prepare its verdiot," tho justice ' said, calmly. In the room in tho rear tho jury de- • liberated over its verdict. .The ex pense was borne by the court, whc had accompanied tho jury there. Amid an impressive silence the jury took their places again. "Gentlemen, have youths verdict?" calmly askod tho court, as ho resumed his chair, raised above the others by tho aid of two soap-boxes. "We have," responded big Casey, the foroman. "Read it," commanded the court, assuming an expectant air, calculated to dispel any suspicion that the court itself might have been tho real author of the document. Big Casey read tho verdict. It was' as follows: "The jury finds that the prisoner is such a fearful liar that we can not believe him under oath.'" It accordingly finds him not guilty.". The court then solemnly discharged tho twelve creditors of tho prisoner from further duty, uud tho incident was closed.—Argonaut. A Doc Meets Two Casual Dears. Johnny Soper, who lives on the Woodruff place on the old Albany post road, two miles north of the coijnty seat of Essex County, N. Y., Weill the other day to look for a stray ca)f in n small piece of woods near the Bouquet River. He was accompanied by a large dog, a cross betwoen a St. Ber nard and a pointer. The dog suddenly left him, and the next moment Johnny heard him fight ing with some wild animal. It was after sunset and dark in the woods, but tho boy was plucky and ran to see what the trouble was. He found that the dog had just killed a bear cub. Before ho could do anything with tho cub tho old she bear appeared on the scene. She made a rush for the boy and reached for him with One paw, her claw s brushing his clothing. In another instant she would have seized him and Johnny would have had au obituary in tho newspapers, but at that critical moment tho dog sprang past tho boy and gave fight to tiro bear. Johnny took advantage of (he diversion to make his escape. As he got away ho saw tho dog receive ft vicious cuff on the chest that pfoiied a knock-out blow, for when the beqr retreated the dog was powerless to follow. .., Hunters havo scoured tho woods for tho bear without success. They found by tracks plainly in evidence in a cornfield that alio had two cubs with her beforo meeting Johnny. Later they could find the tracks of only on§ cub. Tho cub killed by the dog has not been found, and it is probable that the old bear carried it off with her, and no doubt hid it by burying it in the Boft sand of tho river bed.— New York Sun. Fun Will Crcop In. Old Dr. Strong, of Hartford, bad an unfortunate babit of sayiug amusing things when be didn't mean to do so. As when ho was presiding in a meet ing of ministers, and wishing to call one of them to come forwatd and offer prayer ho said: "Brother Colton, Of Bolton, Will you stop this way And pray?" To which Rev. Mr. Colton immedia tely answered without intending to per petrate anything of the same sort; My dear Brother Strong You do very wrong To be making a rhyme At Bueh u solemn time. And then Dr. Strong added; I'm very sorry to see That you're just like me. The good men would not for the world have made jests on suoh ail oc casion, but they could plead the same excuse for their rhymes that the boy did for whistling in sahool: "I didn't whistle, sir; it whistled itself."—Chi cago Times-Herald. Sand Ilmnovecl From the Merney. Since September, 1890, 20,500,00 tons of sand havo been removed from the bar at tho mouth of the Mersey, leaving a depth of twenty-six feet at tow tido in the dredged channel, where eight years ago thore was only eleven feet. Liverpool was 'driven to mako the improvement by tho recent growth of Southampton as a port. [ENGLAND AND EfiANCE. EIGHTY-THREE YEARS SINCE THESE j COUNTRIES HAVE BEEN AT WAR. llt la the longest Period Slneo tho Eleventh Contnry Without llostllilies I Hetween the Two Nations—Great lirit j ain Long Sovereign Over France. | The relations between Great Brit l nin and France are more straiued than they have been for nearly a cen tury. It i 3 eighty-three years since the two nations havo been at war, and this marks the longest period of time since the eleventh century that has elapsed without war or the two na tions being on the verge of it. The situation is shown clearly by the fact that until 1801 the arms of France were a part of the royal arms of Great Britain, and the kings of England claimed sovereignty for centuries over their Gallic neighbors. For much of this time the sovereignty was real. A glance at a map of that period will show that in tho thirteenth ceutury tho King of England was master of a greater part of the territory now known as Franoe than was he who claimed to be King of France alone. Englaud's modern history is gener ally supposed [to date from the Nor man conquest, when the bold French men under William of Normandy won the battle of Hastings. William was crowned December 25, 10G6, and it is not a very sweeping assertion to say that from that time until the capture of Napoleon by Captain Maitland on July 15, 1815, the two nations have always been fighting, or near it. These wars havo their origins in the pretensions of tho Norman kings to lands in France, as well as to those they had conquered. Normandy was restive under a non-resident king and revolted. The defoat of Henry I. by Robert in 1108 was docisive for a gen eration. But Philip Augustus", King of Frnnce, regarded King John as his vassal, and summoned him for trial for tho murder of his nephew. Re fusal resulted in the declaration that John had forfeited his French lands, and, war ensuing, Philip won (1210) hoj pnly Normandy, which gave him tlje control of tho mouth of the Seine, but also Aujou, Maine and Touraine. Frpm that time a real state of war ex isted between Franco and England, catfh nation preparing for tho conflict, which, breaking 'but t in 1328, lasted unjjl 1453, or 115 years, tho longest war known to history. Tho specific hundred years were 1337 to 1437. Edward 11. began the war. At first doing homage for his lands in France, ho' tit last became exasperated and laid claim to tho French throne". lie as sembled a fleet and defeated the French off Sluys in 1340, thus winning the first great English naval viotory. Their he ravaged the country to the vei'y walls of Paris. The battle of Crfeoy, 134(5, resulted in the capture of Calais, affording the English, for 200 years, an open door into thblieart of France. The war was not one of continuous fightiDg, but was broken by breathing spoils. Agineourt and Poitiers were notable English tri umphs, and Henry VI. was proclaimed at Paris King of England and France. But when the war endod England had lost all of Franco hut Calais. The Anjdo-Saxon nation, desolated by the "War of the Roses," was unable to continue the struggle. Edward IV. invaded France in 1475, hut Louis XI. defeated the British and bribed Edward to return. Another invasion of France took place in 1544 under the leadership of Henry VIII. This was in revenge for the aid givon by France to Scotland, and resulted iu tho battle of tho Spurs— so known because tho Frouch cavalry fled so fast. In 1558 Guise took Calais for the French. the next groat war in which Franco and England were opposed was that known in Europe as tho Second Coali tion, which began in 1888, and was known iu America as King William's War. Louis XIV., after overrunning Flanders aud fighting Holland, in vaded the Palatinate of tho Rhine. Europe formed a coalition against him, and William of Orange, thou King of England, was the man who succeeded iu cheeking the French King's ambi tions. The eighteenth century began with the war of the Spanish succession, due to Louis' claim of the crown of Spain for his grandson. Marlborough dis tinguished himself in this war, fought by all Enropo against France, and one result of which was tho cession of Newfoundland and Acadia to England. The French and Indian war iu Amer ica, due to tho rival claims of tho colonizers, quickly followed, culminat ing in tho battle of Quebec September 13, 1759, which lost Cauada_ to the French. In the war of American independ ence Louis XV. assisted the American colonists at first secretly and after ward oponly, war existing betweou tho old rivals until 1783, when the peaco of Versailles was signed. England was a party in tho great coalition against France, formed in 1792, to check the conquests of Na poleon, who was rapidly becoming master of the world. It was this war that ended in the final downfall of Napoloon and that gave enduring fame to Wellington and Nelson. The world has known no greater war nor one more hotly contested. Until the final defeat of Napoleon at Waterloo the issue wffs in doubt, and it looked as if the Corsican would become the ruler of Christendom. Since then the power of France has been checked. The nation has been torn by internal disputes until after tho Franco-Prussian war, aud unable to go to war with a first-class power. Rapid recovery from that disaster has made tho nation ready for war, but with only one power—Germany—the recovery of Alsace and Lorraine being uppermost in the minds of tho people and preventing assent to the Czar's proposal for disarmament. Of lats the relations between Eng land and France have again grown strained. Serious complications seemed likely to result from the Siam ese boundary dispute, but that was settled amicably three years ago. How the nations have rival interests iu Africa. As the dream of English statesmen is a straight path from Egypt to tho Cape of Good Hope, so that of tho Frence is one from east tc west. The two ambitious conflict. II is this that makes conspicuous the Fashoda incident, in which Marchaud nnd Kitchener figure. England and Franoe hate each other with enduring hate, The British would rather fight France than any other nation. It is this that has led Lord Salisbury to be firm in his dealings with France. On the other hand, Frauce is more out of humor with Germany, nnd this will probably prevent her from doing any thing which will lead to war with her more ancient enemy, with whom she has a longer score. The more re cent war wipes out tho memory of the others. INADEQUACY OF THE MONITOR. Captain Cliadwlck On the Relative Vulue of Various AVurdliipg. Tho first development of importance was the great inadequacy of the mon itor typo to the service attempted. Thest ships had no quality whatever in their favor under such conditions; their coal snpply was very limited, thoir speed was low (as it must always be in such a type), they were hells of Buffering to their crows, which bore their discomforts most heroically, and above all their rapid period of oscilla tion made them such poor gun plat forms, that accurate shooting from them, unless the water was perfectly smooth, wa3 impossible. I have no hesitancy in saying that onr experi ence condemned them unqualifiedly for general service; it is a type for smooth harbor U3O only. Tho good estimate of the large armored cruiser and bat tleship, on tho other haud, became quickly accentuated, ships of tho New York and Brooklyn type, with their heavy gun-fire, high speed, great radius of aotiou, and very fair armor proteotion, have shown themselves to bo a primal necessity of a well-organ ized naval force. The New York, for instance, oould easily keep the sea a month without coaling; could spring at any tiruo to thirteen or fourteen knots, and, iu a short time, to seven teen or eighteen; was equal to meet ing, on fair terms, anything short of a heavily drmorod battleship, and devel oped altogether a general utility,which speaks in strongest terms for her type. The bnttleships are misplaced on an ordinary blockade such as that oil Havana, but had to be so used, owing to our paucity of material. It was using a sledge hammer to craok a nut —but thoir value shone, with bright est lustre, at cnce when tho blockade of tho enemy's fleet in Santiago wns established. Though ships of tho New York class were quite the equal of the Yizeaya aud, under the con ditions of her partial disarmament, of the Cristobal Colon (she did not have her two ten-inch turret guns), the battleships were those which en abled the searohlight to illuminate tho harbor entrance so that, as Admiral Cervera himself said, it mado it im possible for him to leavo at night.— From "The Navy in tho War," by Captain F. E. Chadwiok, commanding tho Flagship New York, inScribner's. She Looked Oat For tlie Cars. There aro sections of the country iu Maryland where peoplo are as far be hind the times as the denizens of tho Rookies. Takoma is one of them. Not long since a man was standing chatting with tho station agent there, a clover yonng fellow, and there were several loungers of tho type always to be seen hovering around country rail road crossings. The last night train for several hour 3 had just disappeared around the bend, when an elderly woman and the prettiest slip of a country girl to be seen in Many a day strolled up aud paused before tho station agent. Tho elderly womau bade the girl retire a few paces, while she scrutinized the tracks up and down. "Is there no more trains up the road this evening?" inquired tho old woman. "No," said the station agent. "And no more trains down the road?" queried the old woman again. "Not for several hours. The last has just passed," said the agent. "Isn't thero some special train?" "No, I think not." "And no excursion train?" "Not that I know of." "Aro you sure that the watchmon havo all gone for the night?" "I saw them leave," said the agent. "And I am going myself nojv." | |"Then come on, Jemima," cried the old woman, with a sigh of relief. "Wo can cross tho track now."—Washing ton Post. Labor Lost. The aged school teacher had not long to live and he knew it. Silent and still he lay on his bod and looked about the room. On every Bide greal piles of books stretched up from floor to oeiliug books--books nothing bnt books. Some were old and some were new—some were large aud some were small—yet the appearance of each one betokened care and extreme attention. A sob burst from the octogenarian instructor as he surveyed the vast array. "The labor of a lifetime wasted!" he mournfully muttered; "utterly wasted. The school life of every boy and girl taught by me—their personal characteristics—anecdotes übout them —number of times each one was whipped—how they stood in tlieii classes —everything, iu faot, all there in ready reference form. And tc think," he shrieked with a savage curse, "that after all my trouble not oj single one of 'em has ever beoomi famous."—The Criterion. I f* " PUZZLE DEPARTMENT. hxxxmote'w sciotefsxeKxoxlS The solutions to theso puzzles will ap pear iu a succeeding issue. 5.—A Double Acrostic, 1. A place of burial. 2. A person famed for noble action. 3. A naasouline name. 4. To injure. 5. A preposition. ti. A plant. The finals give the name of a city. The primats give the city's nick name. C.—An Uour-Ulass. _ 1. Murmers of discontent. 2. Con tinuing for a long time. 3. A god dess. 4. A short sleep. 5. A con sonant [in Profeotum. 6. A kind ol vehicle. 7. A dart. 8. A kind oi plate. 9. A place for walking. Centrals—A great historical charac ter. 7.—Three Hurled Cities uud One Burled State. 1. After whist, bezique became the fashionable game. 2. In tho next chapter, the character of Imogene vanished entirely. 3. There fell a large bomb a yard or two from where I was standing. 4. I found Ernest exasperated at the unjust treatment he had reoeired. B—Five Tied Lakes of tlie United States. 1. Aeerrsty. 2. Ellstum. 3. Ado ion. 4. Ddmuaonur. 5. Cedgekiw. Solutions to Previous rozzles. I. A Geographical Charade.—On tar-io. 2. —A Proverb Puzzle.—A rolling stone gathers no moss. 3.—A Diamond— D LEE DEWEY EEL Y 4.—A Decapitation—Broil, roil,oil, 1 SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL The least distance of Mars from tho earth is about 36,000,000 miles, and ! that of Venus 24,000,000. A dredging and shoveling apparatus | worked by electricity has been sup plied to a Colorado placer mine by a manufacturing company. The elephant has moro muscles in its trunk than any other creature pos- | sesses iu its entire body, their num- ! her being no fewer tban 40,000. Professor Lupo, of Naples, Italy, 1 puts his patients with diabetes upon 1 an exclusive vegetablo diet with no 1 restriction as to kind, as he claims, with tho most satisfactory results. M. Becquerel roported two yeai-3 ago that salts of uranium threw off an invisiblo radiance much like that of the Boentgen rays, and a variety of pitchblende has been found by M. and Mme. Cnrie to possess that property to a much greater degree. In Germany the slag from furnaces ia used in the manufacture of bricks, j Tho slag is granulated and mixed with lime aud water, and tho mortar, or concrete, so produced is placed in molds aud is allowed to set. The blicks are grayish white in color. j Maucoba rubber is produced in Brazil by simply catting the bark of tho tree, letting tho sap run in drops to the base, where by the action of the I sun's rays it coagulates and forms an | irregular solid mass, which is gathered by the natives and sold to the middle- j men, by whom it is shipped to Amor- ] ica and Europe. Str.m;jo People of Tocupln* Australian papers which arrived at Vancouver, B. 0., give interesting de tails of the cruise of H. M. S. Mohawk j in the Solomon Islands. An officer of i the warship says: "One of tho mo.st interesting features iu connection with our cruise was the visit to Toeupia. Its people certainly are not Kanakauas, wooly-haired or stunted in stature, but on the contrary its 800 inhabitants nre giants. One wo measured was six feet ten inches tall. The women aro proportionally large. "Tho men have 'long straight hair which they dye a flaxen color and which :',n thick folds hangs over their copper-tinted shoulders. Tho women have their hair cut short. They may be related to the Samonus or Maoris, but they certainly differ so much from the Polynesian as to make their his tory mo3t interesting. "They have no weapons of defense. They marry only once, the supersti tion being that if a marriod man or woman dies the deceased's spirit has gone ahead and is waiting for the other half." A Hotter Price. A clergyman was very much vexed by one of bis congregation. An old man used to go to sleep during the sermon. The clergyman offered the old man's grandson a penny if ha would keep his grandfather awake. This went on all right for a month. One Sunday the old man went to sleep as usual. The clergyman asked the boy why he did not keep his grand father awake. The boy answered: "You offered mo a penny to keep him awake, but grandlather gives me twopence not to disturb him." —Spare Momonts. French and British Coronets. ■ Frenoh counts have nine equal pearls in their coronets, while the British baron is entiled to a coronet of four big pearls. HOUSEHOLD AI- FAIRS. To Itomovo Fat From Soup* Absorbent cotton is one of the nicest things for removing floating globules of fat from the soup, where the time cannot be allowod for it to cool and harden before reheating and serving. Take a small bit of the clean cotton, wipo deftly over the top of the soup and every bit of the fat will be absorbed. A Ifouseliolrt Disgrace. There is no justification fortho feast and famine principle or the "blue Monday" idea in the home. They are ever an arraignment against the intel ligence and womanliness of the mis tress, mother and home-maker. It is the boast of some wives that their hus bands accept uncomplainingly what ever is put before them, be its quality what it may. Alas, that any woman should make a boast so self-accusing! And alas, that any good but mistaken man should become a party to selfish neglectfulness and indolence by his complaisance!— Woman's Home Com panion. Preserving and Canning:. The requisite articles for preserv ing and cnnning fruits and other food stuffs are a granite kettle holding about eight quarts, a small knife with pointed tip for paring, a silver, a wire and a wooden spoon, a hair sieve, a colander, scales for weighing, a pint cup for measuring, a fruit squeezer, a wooden masher, a good supply of cheesecloth nnd cotton and wool flan nel, two sizes of jelly glasses, pint and quart glass jars and a large-mouthed funnel. Clean and scald the jars and their covers; use new rubbers every sea son. To scald the jars and jelly glasses, place in a boiler with onongh water to fill and cover nil; heat the water gradually until it is scalding hot, set on the back of the range; turn the jars upside down on a tray to drain, and when dry cover them with a cloth until ready for use. A New Idea In Closets. The closet is always the treasure trove of the room, yet how frequently is it the most confused and rage-pro voking of all plaees—simply because there is no system or economy of space exercised therein. The modern house, which is supplied with elec tricity for lighting, is indeed badly overlooked if there is not a drop-light in every closet. How much provok ing rummaging it saves, aud how nico and orderly is the nrraugement when ono has bright light for an assistance. A well-planned house—because de signed by a woman, and women know tho value of closet space—has aroomy closet in every sleeping room. One end has shelves extending from the ceiling aud almost to the floor. These are for boxes of every class, for mil linery, aud all the fixings of the toilet which require a careful putting away. The lower space below tho shelves is for shoes, and has a small spring door to close it in, for Btrive as one may, somehow closet floors will get dusty, and it is a nuisance to hare to wipe off one's boots every time they are put on. The remaining end has two strong narrow beams run across so that two rows of garments, instead of one, may hang, and theso have drop hooks set at regulur intervals. At the back a pieco of coarse unbleached muslin is secured to the wall, aud left long enough to reach around and cover the clothes that are hung there, thus completely covering them from dust. My lady only hangs her finest clothes here, such us are not required for daily wear, the latter being hung in the ordinary manner along the back of the closet.—St. Louis Globe-Deino crat. lteclpea. Nut Salad—Prepare one cup of blanched aud finely cut walnut and butternut meats. Chop flue double the quantity of white, crisp celery, mix with cooked mayonaise or cream salad dressing. Servo on lettuce loaves. Pickled Tomatoes—Always use those that are thoroughly ripe. The small, round ones are tho best. Let them lie in brine three or four days, then put down in layers in jars, mixing with small onions and pieces of horse radish. Then pour on vinegar (cold), which has been spiced. Put a spice bag in each pot. Cover carefully and set by iu cellar full month before using. Toasted Ham Sandwiches—To one cup of finely chopped cold cooked ham add one teaspoonful of French mus tard, one saltspoouful of pepper and a dash of celery seed; mix and add ono well-beaten egg; work the whole to a smooth pasto. Put a layer of thi3 be tween two thin slicos of bread; toast lightly on both sides. Servo hot, with cream sauce poured around it. They are delicious. Scotch Meat Steak—This is similar to the Americau Hamburg steak, but being differently cooked it is more moist and moro palatable generally. Spread the chopped beef out flat, place the fried onions in tho conter aud fold the meat around them, see ing that the onions nre firmly in closed. The steak should then be given a quick pan broil in a very hot pan. Unless it is desired well done threo or four minutes is as long as it should retna in iu tho pan. Mock Turtle Soup—Boil one-half of a calf's head, one small onion, in which stick three cloves, one carrot slioed, and one bay leaf iu three quarts of water; when tender remove the head, Btraiu the stock and set aside to cool; brown one tablcspoonful of butter and one of flour in Jthe chafing-dish, add one quart of stock, the skin and tongue of the calf's head cut iu dice; when boiling hot turn a tureen over three Bikes of lemon, two hard-boiled eggs sliced, the juice of one-half lomon, one teaspoonful of salt and one tea spoonful of good sauce.