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Freeianu iii Dune
Established 1888. PUBLISHED EVERY MONDAY AND THURSDAY, BY THE TRIBUNE PRINTING COMPANY. Limited Ofpick: Mais Street Above Centre. FiIEELAND, PA. SUBSCRIPTION 11ATKS: One Year $1.50 Six Mouth* "■> Four Months 50 Two Mouths 25 The (late which the subscription is paid to 1b on tno address label of each paper, the change of which to u subsequent date be comes a receipt for remittance. Keep the figures in advance of the present date. Re port promptly to this oftiue whenever paper is not received. Arrearages must be paid when subscription is discontinued. Male all men y orders, checks, etc,,payable to the Tribune jprintiny Company, Limited. The world's production of coffee tu 1898 was 1,755,708,000 pounds, of which quantity the people of fchu United States consumed over 700,- 000,000 pounds, little over forty per cent, of ail the cotl'ee consumed in the world. Statistics show that the postolfice department is more nearly self-sup porting than it has been in seventeen years. The explanation of this con dition is that the postal business is being done in accordance with busi ness principles. A baby in Newark is said to walk in its sleep. That's reversing the usual order of things with a vengeance. Most babies make somebody else walk in hie sleep. The opportunities of mental train ing have been multiplied to such an extent in these days that an ambitious young man may find at his elbow pretty much all the necessaries for obtaining a training far superior to that received in any formal way by the great majority of men fifty or a hundred years ago. It is as true now as it was then that a man must edu cate himself, and it is much more certain that the inquiring mind will find opportunity. American watches have made re markable strides in foreign lauds the last decade. The exportation of watches has grown from $'206,030 in 1889, to $771,912 in 1898, and in the fiscal year just ended it reached nearly a million dollars. To the United Kingdom alone the exports of watches during the decade have more than doubled, while Canada, the South American countries, British Aus tralasia, Chiua and Japan are among our largest purchasers. The predic tion maJe a few years ago that the manufacture of watches by machinery in Japan would soon result in reduc ing our sales in that direction has not yet been realized. The exportation of watches to Japan has increased from $11,365 in 1891 to $21,410 in 1895, $61,340 in 1896, $101,926 in 1897, and $120,761 in 1898. With the localization of American fiction it has come to pass that go where you will you are pretty sure to find the trail of a story-writer, and ten chances to one the trail has been newly followed by an appreciator with a camera, who has made a clean sweep of every stick, stone and local type that could he associated with the au thor or his book, muses the New York Commercial Advertiser. Some New England localities indeed seem ac tually dog-eared, and you find your self looking at brooks and hills and stone walls as if they were bound in buckram. It is all very well if the literary association has been created by a work that is worthwhile, but that pleasant or unoffending natural ob jects should be turned into stage properties for minor fiction is as had as if they were plastered with adver tisements in white paint. Iron Smelting in Africa. Iron is smelted from a rich haema tite ore in high blast furnaces, strong ly built of antheap mud and heated by charcoal. It is a trade confined to few families only, who have the neces sary "medicines" for success, and who know the rules which have to be observed. They are certaiuly very good tradesmen, and turn out in hoes, axes and knives some very creditable work, but it is the "medicine" which gets the credit of the skill. One of the missionaries once tried to smelt iron, and his attempt was watched with in teiestbythe natives. Ho could not get up enough heat, and failed. He might have had the correct "medi cines" (crocodile gall is said to be one,) but he did not observe the rules; any tyro could have told him that it was impossible to smelt iron and con tinue to live at the same time with his wife.—The Geographical Journal. An Arnbian Sign of Love. If an Arab girl falls in love with a young man who does not seem to notice her favor she sends him a branch of clove blossoms, which is interpreted: "A maiden is sighing for thee." THE "OPEN POOP." TEA SALOON IN NEW YORK - -■ . -j | Art's Tribute to Dewey. J Roman in ilesijn and Rictrred p RJitlt Side Wpeninjs. In the triumphal arch and colonnade which is to be erected at Madison Square for the Dewey celebration, New York City is to have a work which, iu the opiniou of the National Sculpture Society, will surpass any thing that has before been realized for such a purpose iu sculpture dec oration. In general plan the arch will re semble the Arch of Titus. The Ro mau design is altered, however, to fit it for location at the iutersectiou of four streets by haviug the main piers pierced ou the east aud west axis of the arch by smaller opeuiugs, as is done in the Arc de Triomphe in Paris. This leaves really four piers to the arcb, for the decoratiou of which a series of has reliefs aud groups is sug gested, depicting the call to arms, the battle, the return of the soldiers and peace. At the sides of these groups may be placed heroic figures of great American naval officers. Seoretary Long, at the request of the society, suggested for representation iu those places the name of Paul Jones, Decatur, Hull, Perry, McDouough, Farragut, Porter aud Cushing. Over the main entrance will be bas reliefs symboliziug the commercial importance of New York. For the group surmounting the arch has been suggested a ship with a figure of Victory iu the bow drawn by four sea-horses. The plans include also a reviewiug-stand which shall be a part of the geueral scheme of decoratiou for Madisou Square. It is plauued to have it decorated with groups symbolic of Greater New York aud tho five boroughs, and with Hags to make it contrast in color with the masonry and sculpture effects of the arch. The work on the part of tho artists which will be iuvolved iu carrying DEWEY TRIUMPHAL ARCH AUD ARCADE. out these plans is offered to the city free of charge. At a meeting of the society called to consider the means of doing the work iu the short time remaining, the roll was called for pledges work aud co-operation, Every member who was present at the meeting pledged himself without re serve to the work. It is said that the artists iu carrying out the plan will give to the city professional service amounting iu value to §150,000 or 5'200,000. A Sad Cane. Dr. Chargem—"Your friend needs vigorous treatment; I never saw a man in silch a state of mental depres sion. Can't you convince him that the future holds some brightness for him?" Sympathetic Friend—"That is un fortunately impossible. He has drawn his salary for three weeks ahead and iDentthe money."--Pearson's Weekly, Anna of the Shamrock's Owner. Of course, it wouldn't have been the thing for Sir Thomas Lipton, tea merchant, Cup challenger and recent ly appointed Baronet, to come over here on the Shamrock without a coat of-arms. He might as well arrive withouta yachting cap. So he has had a coat-of-arms made, and, honestly, he deserves great credit for the dem ocratic aud unassuming way in which he has complied the emblem. For the crest he has designed two horny bauds of labor, one bearing the flowers of the tea plant the other that of the coffee plant. These betoken his SIR THOMAS LIPTON'S COAT-OF-ARMS. humble origin and his means of suc cess iu the world. Fidelity to his native country iuduces him to place upon the shield the Shamrock of Ire land, as well as the Thistle of Scot land, the country in which he made his first money. At the bottom of the shield is the horn of plenty, aud his motto, "Labor Conquers All Things." It is truly a fitting autobiography in | inctures. The limit School. The best and cheapest school of journalism is tho country newspaper office. No one can become a banker or a broker or a merohant by attend ing a commercial college. No more can a college course in journalism fit you for newspaper work. Theory is one thing; pructice is another. If you aspire to enter the highor ranks, work on a country weekly as a starter. There is the best possible training for a youug man who desires to become an accurate writer aud a reporter of events. In the city one rarely if over meets the people he writes about, and there are no consequences to be feared on that score. But in the country there is a personal accounting in store for the scribe who garbles or errs in statement of facts. This knowledge drills the habit of accuracy into one as nothing else will. The annual increase of population in the United States is about 1,000,000. 00000000000000000000000000 1 NOVEL RIVAL TO § § THE LIQUOR SHOPS.! 00000000000000030000000000 Praotical help to the poor, the ig norant, and the sinning, this is the watchword of the day. The latest evidence of its working in the East Side of New York is the establishment of a tea-saloon at 7(1 Allen street. The Church Army is sponsor for the new undertaking, which is managed by Colonel H. H. Hadley, an enthusias tic worker in humanitarian affairs. Colonel Hadley has many sympa thizers in his belief that hundreds of people drink beer because it is the drink most easily obtainable, and that if other liquids were as cheap and ns easy to get, the consumption of intox icating drinks would be greatly re duced. This is the experiment being tried at The Open Door, whioh is the name of the new temperance venture. The house taken for the mission was one of tho worst homes of vice in the crowded neighborhood. It was used to conceal so many kinds of law-break ing that its frequenters had to be pro tected from visits of the police by a system of private alarms. In additiou to this they had secret means of egress, so that escape was possible in case of a raid. Colonel Hadley secured a three years' lease of this disrepu table building, cleared it of its old tenants, freshly painted the dingy in terior, and wrought a material as well as a moral transformation. The first floor of the building was altered from a bar of the lowest order, where crime and hatred were nursed, into the hu manitarian substitute, the tea-saloon. The effect of a bar is still retained,but over the shining counter no more del eterious drink than well-made tea ever passes. The equipments which rest on the counter as accessories to the drinks are bowls of sugar, pitchers of cream, and snucorsof sliced lemon. Tea is served either hot or cold, to suit the desire of the patron, and it is also supplemented with a sandwich or a piece of pie or cake. The prices charged for these enjoy ments range from one cent for plain tea to five cents for tea with solids, and the price is the same whether the beverago is hot or iced. As it is the oustom in the neighborhood where the tea-saloon is established for families to use the "growler" for bringing drink from the saloon to the home, Colonel Hadley has tea on draught ta sell by the quart for outside consump tion. He has even planned an im proved can for carrying it, with a central compartment for tea and an outside one for ice, with faucets arranged foi drawing off either tea or ice water. In the back of the tea-saloon is ar ranged an assembly-ioom, where it is tho custom to hold mission meetings every evening, consisting largely ol attractive music, and into these meet ings the patrons wunder in increasing numbers. Upstairs the house is divi ded into twelve rooms, all of which are furnished, and are rented to de sirable applicants at one dollar a week. The tea-saloon is open from 6 a. m. to midnight; its patrons are increas ing daily; and it is expected that it will be a formidable rival to the liquor saloon, and will prove the strongest weapon against alcoholism that phi lauthropy has ever wielded in defence of the weak and ignorant.—Harper's Bazar. XVas Kot Alive at tlie Time. While passing Whitehall the other day a stranger to London asked a policeman if he could point out the window through which King Charles passed out to execution. The police man asked: "Who was he?" "King of England, of course," was the an swer. "But when was that?" "Over two hundred years ago." "Ah, ahl that was long before my time, sir. I only entered the force in 1802," was tho policeman's reply. "Sorry I can't tell you." Japan has considerably more than half as many inhabitants as the L nited States, though our country is twenty two times its area. SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL. Lieutenant von Kries, of the Ger man army, Las devised an acetylene generator and reflector for the pur pose of searching for the wounded on battlefields. By the use of it, so it is stated, the wounded can be descried within a radius of a hundred yards. In New Zealand they take great care of a plant which has the singular property of destroying the moltis that infest vegetation. The calyx is deep, and the nectar is placed at its base. The perfume of the flower irresistibly draws the moth into the calyx, where it is seized between two jaws that guard the passage, and kept prisoner there until it dies. It is believed that the introduction of the pneumate system in the hand | ling of grain, as now operated in Long Island, as well as Loudon and Lira srick, may prove the remedy for cer tain western labor troubles. The plant has a million-bushel elevator, to any part of which grain may be con-* veyed from the boats by pneumatio tubes. All the manual labor, such as the shoveling of the grain to the leg, steam shovels or marine leg, are done away with. There are a number of small flexible pipes connected to the large pipen so as to get into every corner of the boat. The only labor required in the boats is one man to control the operation of the flexible pipes. A peculiar species of climbing plant from Brazil has lately been introduced in the South of England, where it grows freely in the open air. Its dowers aro provided with flat, horny plates, situated above the nectar cups in the centre of the blossom, and which are called "pincliing-bodies." When an insect thrusts its proboscis into the nectar, the plates pinch it fast, and on its departure the insect must either carry oil* the pollen masses of the flower, or leave its proboscis behind. In the former case, the pollen is likely to reach and fertilize another flower; in the latter, the un fortunate insect, deprived of its pro boscis, dies. Sometimes the logs, as well as the noses, of insects are found sticking in the flowers. Only the bumblebee appears to be strong enough always to escape amputation. At an experimental plant at Cologne the electric furnace has recently been employed in making glass, and the process is said to work most satis factorily. The apparatus is much simpler than the ordinary form of furnace and the glass obtained is free from impurities. The chief saving effected is in the retention of the heat, which in the usual type of furnace is transmitted to the ground. The heat is supplied by the electric arc, aud the charge can be raised to the melt ing temperature in fifteen minutes, instead of thirty hours, as is the case with the ordinary furnace. A large furnace also is not required, and tho work can be stopped at any time, such as on holidays and Sundays, without any loss of energy. A saving in coal consumption of as much as three-fifths is claimed for the process, and for ex perimental work it allows small quan tities of the material to be fused. Photographing the interior of a man's stomach, an experiment which hitherto has been attended with so many failures as to cause it to be con sidered almost among the impossibili ties, has been successfully performed iu Chicago. The inner walls of the stomach of James O. Foster, a wealthy lumberman of Cleveland, Ohio, were successfully photographed, with the result that a largo tumor was dis covered to have formed, which, ac cording to tho physicians, would have caused his death in a short time. Tho apparatus used in taking the picture consisted of a rubber tube one-eighth of an inch in diameter and about three feet long. At the end of the tube was a rubber bulb, the walls of which were as thin as it wa's possible to make them, giving the bulb when inflated the appearance of a toy balloon. The interior of the bulb was coated with a photographic emulsion, aud acted as the plate on which tho picture was taken. The patient swallowed the bulb, which was then inflated by means of air uutil the bulb entirely filled the stomach, its flexible sides conforming to the walls of the stom ach. An X-ray exposure was then made, the tube withdrawn and the picture on the thin rubber bulb was developed as in ordinary X-ray photo graphs. Salt ltevlve* Drowned Animals. Trifling incidents sometimes lead to important discoveries. A Wuudswortli man called Mansllcld thinks he has made ono. Borne other people seem to think so, too, from the interest thej are taking in it. Mansfield found a drowned bine bottle fly iu a pot of water on the table at which he was working. He brushed it aside, when it chanced to fall among some salt. In a short time he saw the fly crawl out aud then take wing and fly. Boing of a scientific turn, Mansfield pursued his experiments and tried a beetle, then a mouse, then a cat and finally a retriever pup. Tho cat and pup were submerged in the presence of some of his neighbors for half an hour. Then, apparently dead, they were covered with salt. The recovery of the dog was the tough est job, but it did come around event ually. Mansfield is now looking round for somebody upon whom to pursue his experiments further. Doctors have been asked their opinion about the matter, but they all say it is rot. But then that is what the doctors said about influenza when it was epidemio in London. Mansfield's experiments, however, have not got beyond the puppy Btage at present. London Correspondence in New York Herald. I NEW YORK FASHIONS, | If Designs For Costumes That Have Be- I come Popular in the Metropolis. NEW TORE OITT (Special).—Pink dimity is here prettily united with line lawn, tucking and lace insertion, the trimming being ruches of the mate rial. edged with Valenciennes laee. A GIRLS* YOKE CRESS. sash of pink taffeta ribbon is daintly bowed in back. The full waist is sim ply gathered top and bottom, and ar ranged over fitted linings. The waist may bo made without lining and fin ished with a low, round neck, the lin ing and sleeves being used separately as a guimpe. The closing is made in centre bnck, and the neck is completed with a standing collar. The one seam sleeves are gathered at the upper and lower edges, the wrists being finished with bauds of insertion edged with a WAIST OF A POPULAR TYPE. tiny frill of laco. The frill around Hkirt is deeply hemstitched at the foot, the top being gathered and sewed to the lower edge of waist. While suitable for all thin wash fa- I brics with dainty yokes and 3leeves of tucking or embroidery, this stylish little dress may also be of cashmere veiling, camel's hair and all soft wool, silk or mixed fabrics. The yoke may be of any suitable contrasting mate rials, such as velvet, silk, corded or tucked taffeta, or "all over" lace. If made all of one material the yoke, wrist bauds and collar may be attrac tively trimmed with ribbon, braid, gimp or irregular insertion. To make this dress for a girl eight years of age will require two and one- 1 quarter yards of thirty-six-inch mate rial. The Advanced Shirt Waist. The shirt waist is an institution that has come to stay. It has its subscrib ers in the homes of the poor and the mansions of the rich. Its praises are sung by the women who have cents and by the women who have dollars. The popularity of the convenient arti cle of dress places it on a pinnacle from which it will take lots of time to drag it, if it ever comes down at all. The shirt waist belongs to no class, to no clime, so far as America is con cerned. It has covered the upper of the Southern as well as that of the Northern woman, and that of the Western as well as that of the Eastern woman. Four dozen is a very ordinary num ber to own and the collection possessed by some reads like the extraordinary number of toilets listed in the royal wardrobes. There are bound to be at least two thirds of the lot that are white. That goes without saying this year. There is a pink and white gingham fine as ] gossamer, a pale blue, a medium blue, i a deep blue with a round yoke of em- 1 broidery. There are at least two ecrus I with embroideries to lighten them and 1 lavender ones, and white ones, these 1 in silk, and solid grounds with nar- i row stripes and broad and narrow i stripes alternating. The bewildering < variety of designs in the white ones 1 almost takes even the owner's breath 1 away as she views them for the first ; time buried in tissue papers of deli- ; cats tints. The most advanced of i these, like the one shown in the large engraving, has all-over embroidery for the fabric, with stripes meeting in points all the way down front and back. It is stunning nnd dashy, and it is hard pushed by the lovely nain sook one with the short yoke "of em broidery and lace running down into the top of the sleeve. The finish of the bottom of the sleeve of this one is unique too, with its long pointod cuff falling over the hand and making no end of a becoming Hap to the very knuckles. For the white waists there are at least three ties for each, wide, long, soft affairs to wind around the throat and tie in a short bow with long float ing ends. For the silk waists the neokwear is white or rose color, blue or violet iu chiffons or gauzes, with ends finished with crimped chiffon, or having striking patterns iu rich lace appliqued on. Hatfl Joyful to Look Upon. Tulle hats are airy, fairy nothings, joyful to look upon. Iridescent ef fects iu these diaphanous materials are delightful. Combine pale blue, Nile green, pink and lavender, with butterflies for trimmings. Spangles should not be used, as their brilliancy would ruin the effect. Earrings to Iteappear. It comes from very good authority that earrings are to reappear, not the simple solitaire or plain unobtrusive form of eardrops alone, but pendant ornaments, such as Queen Victoria wore in her early years, and at times still uses. Jacket For Autumn. Fawn-colored vicuna made this stylish autumn jacket, the lower out line of which is characterized by the graceful dip fronts so popular last season. The fronts lap slightly in reefer style and close with a double row of tint round-shaped crystal but tons. Machine stitching finishes the edges in strict tailor style. The box fronts may be fitted with siugle bust darts, if so preferred. Under arm and side back gores with a curving centre seam in back contribute the trim adjustment, coat laps and flatly pressed plaits being arranged at the termination of the back seams. The fronts reverse at the tops and form pointed lapels that meet the rolling collar in notches. Pockets are in serted in the fronts, over whioh laps are stitched to conceal the The fashionable sleeves are correctly shaped with upper and under por tions, the fulness of the upper being taken up in four short darts or dis- MISSES' BEEPER JACKET. posed in gathers, if so preferred. A double row of stitohing at cuff depth finishes the wrists. This jacket may form part of a suit of cheviot, serge, broad, Venetian or covert cloth, or in light or dork shades be worn with separate skirts. Braid or strapped seams can be effectively used in its completion, and a silk lining will pro vide a dainty inside finish. To make this jacket for a miss of fourteen years will require one and one-half yards of material fifty-four inohea wide.