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Freeland tribune. (Freeland, Pa.) 1888-1921, October 26, 1899, Image 2

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Freeiand Tribune
Established 1888.
Ooe Year $1.50
Six Mouths 75
Four Months 50
Two Mouths 20
The date which the subscription is paid to
Is on tno address label of each paper, the
change of which to a subsequent date be
comes a receipt for remittauee. Keep the
figures in advance of the present (late, lie
port promptly to this office whenever paper
is not received. Arrearages must be paid
when subscription is discontinued.
Ma'.e nil monty orders, checks, etc,,payabL
Co lAe Tribune PrinUnj Company, Limited.
The development of manufacturing
enterprise in the South, more es
pecially in the direction of the manu
facture of garments, is exhibited in the
fact that a branch of the National Gar
ment Workers' Union has been orga
nized at Knoxville, Tenu. This is
the first union of the kind to be orga
nized in the state.
Governor Roosevelt, in his address
to the class of 1899 at Cornell Univer
sity, said: "Our country can better
afford to lose all of the men who have
amassed millions than to lose one-half
of ita college-bie 1 men. Wo can get
along without men of enormous
wealth, but uot without meu of
The Philadelphia Bulletin has been
making a comparison of the number
of people in that city who attend the
theatre and those who attend church,
and finds the church attendance far in
excess. The weekly attendance at the
different places of amusement, it says,
is uot more than 170,000. It is hard
to compute the churjh attendance, ex
Figures recently compiled show
that in ten leading universities in the
United States there are 21,000 stu
dents and over 2, GOO professors, the
average being nine students to each
professor. Harvard University leads,
with 3,900 students au 1 411 pro
fessors; next comes the University of I
Michigan, with 3,200 students and I
222 instructors, and next the Univer- j
sity of Pennsylvania, with 2,835 stu
dents and 2GO professors. Then fol- 1
low, in order, Yale, with 2,500 stu
deuts and 255 pr. feasors; California,'
2,400 students, 28 I professors; Chiea-!
go 2,300 students, 212 professors;!
Columbia, 2,00) students, 328 pro-,
sensors; North western, 2,000 students, |
222 professors; Cornell, 2,000 stu-l
dents, 328 professors; and Johns!
Hopkins, GlO students, 125 pro-1
The extraordinary revelation was
made at a recent meeting of the State
Savings' Bank association of New
York, says Leslie's Weekly, that there
was in the savings bauks of the Em
pire state 51,500,000 in dormant ac
counts. The savings banks of New
Yo.k state now hold about $600,0 )0,
000 of the people's money and the
dormant accounts of $1,500,000 re
main without any evidence that theil
owners will ever call for them. SOlll4
of them have been dormant for over
50years. One bank in the city ol
Albany reports tbat its unclaimed ac
counts aggregated over $27,000. Some
of these accounts have claimants who
will appear in due season. Wo must,
indeed, be a rich and prosperout
nation when we can overlook a little
item of over $1,500,000 lying uu
claimed in the savings banks of i
single state.
The oft-repeated statement that "i
is worry that kills, not work," is con
tradicted by an eminent specialist it
nervous disorders. This authority
declares that neither work or worry
are baneful in themselves, not even
when carried to excess, but that it it
the monotonous, unbroken continun- 1
tion of the excess of either than is ex
ceediugly injurious. Every form ol
prolonged incut d strain without i
complementary relaxation in some
form of physical activity acts disas
trously upon the nerve cells, while
the continuation of worry which
in itself is so far wholesome as it
shows a commendably sensitive orga
nization, terminates in the ruin of
the nervous system. The athlete, he
declares, must be recommended to
take up some Hue of mental study,
and the scholar must be encouraged
to adopt some regular form of physi
cal exercise. Absolute rest is fre
quently as ineffective in restoring
an overwrought nervous system as
the whole gamut of nervines, stimu
lants, baths, massage and electricity.
What is needed is the change of occu
pation to counteract or complement
the ordinary habits and employments.
- 1
It often lias been saidtliat the late Cornelius Vanderbilt was the "best of
the A'auderbilts." By that was meant that be was the hardest worker, the
most generous hearted, the most public spirited and the most lovable of the
numerous and enormously rich family which bear that name. Though the
son and grandson of men of immense wealth, Mr. Vanderbilt began as a
bank clerk after a common school education, and underwent a useful training
in industry and independence. His fortune is estimated at $125,000,000,
though it is impossible to know the oxact amount. The total inheritance tax
to bo paid to the Nation and State out of the Vanderbilt estate has been esti
mated at from $3,500,000 to $5,000,000.
The Cuban Orphan Fund, which is
now fully started and doing good
work among the orphaued children of
the "reconceutrados" of Cuba, is
really the outcome of the American
Commission to Cuba last fall, prior to
the raising of the American flag over
the island.
The organization is entirely non
sectarian; the children are cared for
physically and mentally, entirely ir
respective of any religious sect. Their
condition is pitiable, and the neces
sity for betteriug it is imperative.
The men at the head of the fund are
men who have personally come in
contact with the misery, poverty and
utter destitution of the children of
These men are intelligent, farsee
ing, and fully appreciative of the
benefit which must eventually accrue
to the United States if these orphans
are properly educated and trained.
There is to be no attempt made to
proselytize them, beyond teaching
them to be moral and honest.
To better understand the terrible
condition of the peasants of Cuba,
who are the ones now being benefited,
a few quotations from the report of
one of the American Commission sets
the facts more plainly before the pub
lic. He says;
"Cuba was not suffering from a
commercial or financial panic. It was
in a state of utter prostration and col
lapse. Businnis and agricultural life
hud long cea&ed. The whole islaud
was dead.
"Even now the result of Weyler's
order of reconcentratiou is not under
ntood or appreciated in this country.
Should the commanding generulinthe
American Army iesuo an order the re
sult of which would be that one eonld
travel from Mew York to ltochester
and not see one cow, not one chicken,
not one farm houße, not one man
working in the fields, it would be
something similar to the result of
General Weyler's reconcentration or
der in Cuba.
"The whole rural life of three great
provinces—Havana, Matanzas and
Santa Clara—was absolutely blotted
out. Occasionally a clump of banana
trees, whose roots had escaped the
Are, or a scarlet creeper, would BIIOW
where a farm house had stood; but
the tropical growth quiokly covered
the ruins. It was inconceivable that
in the midst ,of this teeming vegeta
tion the country should be a desert,
for no sign of human life appeared.
"On the contrary, every town and
oity visited was thronged with beg
gars, many of them emaciated and
gaunt; women, children, cripples and
a few broken-spirited men; and the
dreadful odor of every place occupied
by Spanish soldiers. There was no
decency, there was no sanitation; in
our sense of tlio word, iudeed, there
was no discipline. It was a wanton
and profligate devastation in the time
of peace."
Amid all this misery, and herding
together like cattle, were the little
children, the future citizeus of Cuba,
whether as a republic or as a part of
tho United States. And it was for the
upbringing and developing of tho
futtiro generation of the island that
the Cuban Orphan Relief Fund was
Mr. Charles W. Gould, who is very
prominently connected with the fund,
made a remark a few days ago which
corroborates a statement made by a
Catholic priest, who hud just returned
from Havana, as to the patriarchal
system in Cuba. Mr. Gould said:
"1 never saw anything to equal the
love and sacrifice of the Cuban
parents. The men died first, the
women followed, and it is the children
who are left."
These remarks aive an idea of what
the Cuban Orphan Fund started out
to do. Miss Laura D. Gill was
seleoted as best fitted to represent
the trustees of the fund in Cubs. She
has two assistants, Miss Levy nud
Miss Wilson, and these three brave
women, to use the words of one of the
promineut members of the fund, "are
doing as true missionary work as any
ever did."
Miss Gill write*:
"In Sancti Spiritns we found a
condition of suffering which is much
more serious than anything which we
have seen before. There are over four
hundred children who need to be
taken care of right away, and the
town has only been able to provide
for twenty-five little girls, who were
selected because they were physically
worse oft' than anybody else in town.
Although they have now been cared for
nearly six weeks, they are still mere
little skeletons, aud almost make one
doubt whether it was any kindness to
help them to live a few years longer."
Miss Gill's last report gives most
encouraging news:
"We may now count that the Santa
Maria del Rosario work is established.
It is, as you know, of a purely settle
ment character, with headquarters in
a house rented from ex-Governor
Mora, in which Miss Levy aud Mrs.
Raraaga, her Cuban assistant, reside
and in which the kindergarteu will be
held for the present.
"The house has been furnished, and
the women are thoroughly installed
in their new home. The boys of the
town have come in quite large num
bers, requesting instruction, and sev
eral women have been in to ask if they
might be taught to sew and clean and
work according to our American
methods. The little children simply
swarm around the house. The Mayor,
General Boze, of the Cuban army,
will have a tract of municipal land
plowed up for them with the town
oxen, and Miss Levy is going to give
them seeds and simple little tools and
arrange for a man to advise them about
simple crops, hoping that in this way
she may come to influence their diet
and, to Borne extent, their housekeep
ing ideas."
It has been urged by many that the
directors of the Cuban Orphan Fund
are wasting an unnecessary amount of
money 011 tbeir plant—i. e., the pur
chase of buildiugs for homes, orphaD
asylums and schools. This is not the
case, as the buildings which are set
tled and used for this purpose are prac
tical ly given for the purpose.
The pictures here presented vera
all takeu on the spot, and show the
practical good which is being dona by
the representatives of the fund,
Angling In I.aptHiid.
Enthusiasts in the gentlo art of
angling will be interested iu the rec
ords of a recent expedition to Lapland.
It is au uncomfortable and expensive
voyage, and the entire absence of any
proper food in the country renders it
necessary to take everything which
the ordinary civilized being may re
quire. But in these days of condensed
nourishment of all kinds that is not
a very formidable matter. On arriv
ing at their destination the party of
two rods and their followers found
the river frozen so that they had to sit
down patiently on the banks and wait
for a thaw. When that came there
was too much water, and fishing was
an impossibility. But when the river
got into oondition they had grand
sport. They fished for eleven days,
and during that time the two rods got
a total of 282 salmon and 155 grilse,
in all weighing nearly 5000 pounds.
Tho best day's catch for one rod was
thirty-three salmon and tweutv-two
grilse, weighing 553 pounds in all.—
London Telegraph.
Ilaling Uelndeer For Canning.
At Telemarken, 111 Eastern Norway,
a company has just secured a tract of
mountain land fifty miles square for
breeding and raising reindeer. As a
start 2100 head of deer have been
bought, and it is intended that the
number shall bo increased by births
and buying to something like 4000
head, 1000 of which will bo killed
every year. In addition to the send
ing out of venison in the carcass re
frigerator cars and chambers on ves
sels a quantity will be put up iu tins
to prevent glutting of the markets iu
the winter.
Our Conaul-Oeueral at Cape Town Gives
an Account of Hie Visit There.
Consul-General J. G. Stowe, ol
Cape Town, has sent to the Slate De
partment an exhaustive account of a
trip which ho recently made through
South Africa to examine into tho in
dustrial development of the country.
In the course of his report Mr. Stowe
gives an interesting report of his visit
to tho Kimberley diamond mines.
"The City of Ivimberley," he says,
"is 047 miles from Cape Town—a ride
of two days aud one night. It has a
population of 35,000 and the greatest
diamond mines in the world. The
United States is represented here by a
consular ngent—Mr. Gardner F. Will
iams, who is the general manager of
the mines. I was pleased to learn that
many of the most responsible positions
are held by Americans.
"The company occupies 200,000-
acres of land, employs 15,000 natives
and 25,000 whites, consumes each
month in the 'compounds' 25,000
pounds of mutton and 200,000 pounds of
beef, turus out 220,000 carats of dia
monds a month,uses 0000 tons of coal a
day,has 2000 horses aud mules,twelve
stallions of the best breeds (some
from America) and 200 brood mares.
The shops connected with the mines
tor the manufacture aud repair of ma
chinery and supplies compere well
with some of our large harvester fac
tories or railroad shops?
"I was not at all surprised to see
American machinery here. The im
mense driving power of a pumping
engine made in Englaud had to be
sent to Chicago to have tho cogs cut.
The oompany is operating an ioe plaut
sent from Chicago, and has threo
tuoro ordered, each with a capacity of
five tons per day and 20,000 feet of
cold storage; and n complete dynamite
plant, with an American to manage it,
is on its way here from America.
"One hundred and fifty miles of nar
row gauge railroad in and around tho
mines are laid with American rails
and every tie or sleeper is made of
California redwood, whioh in this
country is par excellence tho best
wood for such a purpose. It is also
used in many other ways. Three ships
from California have arrived with
cargoes of redwood and Oregon pine.
Tho company sells its ioe for hnlf a
cent per pound to all, while in Cape
Town the charge is four cents per
"No corporation in the world does
more for its employes. It has built
the village of lieuilworth, covering
500 acres nud occupied by 500 em
ployes at nominal rents. Water nud
light are supplied free, and there is
a clubhouse, a library, reading rooms,
athletio grounds, a park nud vegetable
gardens, with vines and fruit of all
kinds in profusion."
Treasures of lluccaneer Lorenrlllo.
Areas is the name of n point in tho
coast of Campeche where there is a
lighthouse, aud the keeper is Rosendo
de Leon. News has just bceu re
ceived that a few days ago Don Rosen
do was whiling away dull timo on the
sandy seashore, looking for the eggs
of the turtles which swarm along the
coast. To look for the eggs * it
is necessary to dig up the saud,
aud while in this operation in a
secluded spot, amoug some big
stones, he found not luscious turtle
eggs, but bright bars of gold aud
silver. He at once advised the federal
authorities of Campoche, who sent a
party to gather up the treasure. It is
said tho value of the bars is fabulous,
but it is not yet made known by the
'.ocal authorities. Tho part that per
tains by law to the finder, it is said,
will be more than enough to make Don
Rosendo happv and idle for the rest
of his life, aud he has already resigued
his position as lighthouse keeper at
It is supposed that these pold and
filver bars were buried there by the
amous old pirate, Loreuoillo, who, in
the halcyon days of tho buccaneers,
was the terror of the Gulf of Mexico,
the Yucatan Coast nnd the seas around
Cuba.—Two Republics,
Modern Courtship Uiiromnntic.
There is something quite idyllic
about the fresh air courtships that are
going on during these latter days.
Truly, one would think that the love
fostered by wind and sunshine might
well be purer and more enduring than
a fancy engendered in a ballroom, aud
aided by dinners, the opera, etc. A
throe mile match over the golf links
with a congenial compauiou, or a
tramp through bog and heather on a
shooting expedition before breakfast,
are tho roads for matrimony of the
summer girl of 1899. One cannot
help faucying that thel human race
will be stronger aud better for these
methods of wooing. There is also a
good comradeship and congeniality
implied by such companionship which
seems particularly desirable.
These latter day courtships may be
matter of fact, but they are certainly
breezy and altogether delightfully,
aud the moonlight girl and the piazza
girl of yore possess no more romautio
or tender memories of tho lovemaking
of their youth than our young amazons
of to-day will have iu tho years to
come.—New York Tribune.
TU Monotony That Kill*.
No one will deny that "variety 19
the spice of life," but scieuce goes
further. A specialist in nervous dis
orders says that it is monotoLy that
kills, and that variety is tho actual
preservative of life. Mental strain
demands relaxation through physical
activity, while physical axertion must
lind rest iu mental effort. The day
dreamer should betake herself to
practical tasks and tho bustling liouso
wife needs to cultivate a love for oc
casional idleness of muscle, while she
reads anything, from sentimental
novels to stirring essays. Absolute
physical rest does not recruit the ex
hausted energies as quiokly as change
%t occupation.
Important and Difficult Work—Vast Nnm
ber of Details Has to Be Considered—
Lot* of Train* Itun That Aro Not Sched
uled on the Time Tables.
Everybody is more or less acquainted
with the general working of the rail
road business, but there are a number
of details which, though of great im
portance, aro not quite so familiar.
The construction of a railroad time
table may be taken as an example.
The necessity and value of u time
table are unquestioned, for there is
110 composition that is more studied
and upon which more depends than
this little folded strip of paper with
its apparently uninteresting ligures,
and nearly everybody has wondered
at some time or other how the wonder
ful accuracy and harmony of the whole
have been attained.
The time table familiar to every
patron of a railroad is not at all a
complete one, for only a small pro
portion of the trains that are run on
any road are indicated upon the folder
for distribution. There are many
trains running at all times that the
traveler knowns or cares nothing
about, but these, like the passenger
trains, must have their scheduled run
ning time.
Every railroad division lias a special
lime table for the uso of its engineers
and trainmen, and this consists of a
large card of perhaps four feet in
length and two in width. Upon this
card is given all the information neces
sary regardiug the movements of every
engine and train, so arranged as to be
•een at a glance.
The work of getting up a time table
requires some time, and it is not ex
aclty the work of any one man. At
the head of every railroad division
there is a passenger agent, who has
charge of all through trains and all
trains running through onto roads
not iu his division. He knows when
these trains are to start, when they
should reach their destinations, and
what connections they will make upon
his own or other divisions.
This is the beginning of the time
table. A schedule is made of these
data, and as soon as it found that all
is in workiug order the schedule,
which contains only information
about the regular and more impor
tant trains,is given to the trainmaster,
who at once proceeds to make it com
This is an arduous task, and re
quires considerable time. The train
uiaslcr takes a large board, seven or
eight feet long and about four feet
wide, and tacks a sheet of paper
over it. The sheet of paper is then
ruled off into little squares with heavy
The spaces between the vertio'd
lines represent eaoh five minutes of
the running day of twenty-four hours;
those between tho horizontal lines
represent tho stations at which any
train may stop.
In the operations which follow the
trainmaster must work with a thor
ough knowledge of the road. He
must be intimately acquainted with
every inch of it, its road-bed, grades,
switohes, stations, and, in fact, every
thing that has any possible relation to
the speed or safety of a train.
The purpose he has in yiew in mak
ing his time table is to arrange the
runs of each engine and train on the
road that there will be no waste
of time aud no confusion. He knows
from bis schodule reoeived from the
passenger agent that certain tram
must be given tho right of way over
all other trains.
A train is to leave station A, for
example, at 12.05 o'clock, to arrive at
station X at 4o'clock. The trainmas
ter takes a thread and tacks one end
of it in tho space at the upper part of
tho sheet which is marked in largo
figures, 12.05, and on aline with sta
tion A. The other end ho draws along
to the other side of the sheet and at
taches it iu the space under the figure
4 aud on a liue with the station
marked X.
All intermediate stations tonchod
by tho passing train are also desig
nated by a tack placed in its appro
priate square, with the thread wound
around it, and tho result is in many
cases a zigzag line, for tho distnnees
between stations nre often unequal
aud besides a train will go faster on
one part of the road than upon nn
othor by reason of grades, etc. This
same process is carried on with all the
other trains.
Whore trains have a clear road the
trainmaster has a simple enough job
of it. His real hard work corns in
wheu trains meet each other, especial
ly on siuglo track roads. This must
bo provided for in the time table, and
mauy weary hours aro spent in so
placing a train that it may switoh the
other to pass by. Having finished
with his passenger trains to uis satis
faction, the maker of tho time table
proceed to get bis freights out of the
Theso present a problora of no mean
proportious, for ou a largG road they
oome and go every few minutes, and
somehow tlioy must givo way to the
express nnd other passenger trains.
Sometimes it requires days for tho
traiumastor to get all straight. The
times of these freights, like tho more
important passenger trains, aro fixed
by means of strings, aud when the
trainmaster is through tho sheot looks
like a pieco of orazy laoe work.
The only thing remaiuing then to
bo done is the copying of the slioet
for tho printor, a simple operation,
for the time aud station designated by
each tack along the string is written
out in full.
Every road has a number of trains
running ulong its line that never find
a place upon a time table. These are
the "extras," the emergenoy freights,
and the management of these devolves
wholly upon the conductor, who
studies the time table and tiikes what
time he can get between tb/; runs of
other trains. This method of "wild
catting" is oommon, a * I it is cause
for wonder that so few u. jidents result
from it.
The calcined ashes of seaweed,
known as "kelp," was formerly a
most important product and entered
largely into the Scotch manufactured
glass, finding a considerable use also
in arts, but in recent years this
industry has been almost entirely
The magnetic observations at the
Vienna Observatory have had to be
entirely discontinued on account of the
bad effects o! the electric tramways
and electric light wires. The direc
tor of the observatory has submitted
a plan to tho Government for a new
observatory, to be situated some dis
tance from Vienna.
Interesting experiments were re
cently conducted on board of the
French battleship Jaureguiberry, to
determine tho limit of distinct vision
at sea. A balloou was held captive at
an elevation of 1300 feet while the
Carnot endeavored to locate the bal
loon with her searchlights at distances
varying from five to twenty-five miles.
The experiments proved that tho limit
of vision under the circumstances was
about twenty miles.
In a new sy3tem of pressing cloth,
German silver wires are embedded in
asbestos laid up between two sheets
of card, and two terminals of the
wires being brought to opposite cor
ners of the cards; the whole is then
used between the folds of the cloth to
bo pressed. Contact is made by means
of clips. The temperature can be per
fectly controlled, and there is no dan
ger of burning the goods.
A Montclair (N. J.) lady reports
that a remarkable bird has been fre
quenting her lawn of late. It is noth
ing more than a white robin. The
face is white and the back and wings
have white bars crossing the usual
blackish brown. The other robins
seem to be afraid of this freak brother
and will have nothing to do with him.
Some years ago a number of white
English sparrows were reported. The
variation, howover, did not persist,
nor apparently is it likely to do so in
the ca3e of the Montclair curiosity.
This is undoubtedly what the natu
ralists call a "sport," one of those ec
centricities for which nature refuses
to give a reason. The same thing has
been observed in the plant world,
more frequently, however, under cul
tivation than in nature. And in no
caso in an adequate explanation avail
Dictated a Loiter to Himself.
A certain young railroad man who
has charge of a department in the
auditing branch of his company's
business, had occasion recently to dio
tate a letter to the head of a corre
sponding department of another road.
There was a point in dispute be
tween the two railroads involving
monoy, and this young official had
taken a stubborn ground that the other
official was totally at fault and ad
vanced what seemed to him unanswer
able arguments to prove it.
A short time after he had forwarded
the letter he received a proposition
from hendquartors of tho other rail
road, which he accepted, and within a
few days he became tho bead of the
department with which he had been
in dispnte.
The first lelter which ho fonud on
file ready to bo answered was bis own
on the point in question. There was
only one thing to do. He immedi
ately dictated an answer to his own
letter, refuting and repudiating its
arguments, and wound up by a heated
insinuation that tbo writer of it was
au unmitigated donkey. Of course,
the letter was addressed to himself
and signed by himself, but in his en
thusiasm for the interests of his now
employer ho did not mind a little
thing like that.—Chicago News.
Marble Hearts Organize.
A Wisconsin town has entered the
lists as the promoter of a very singu
lar crusade. It is tho organization of
the Marble-Heart Anti-Matrimonial
Association, into which all the bache
lors of tho place have been induced to
cast their fortunes. An initiation fee
ot $25 and annual dues of $lO aro ox
acted; tho young man joining is
pledged not to marry, but should he
break the vow, he loses all claim to
tho funds of tho society. Tho last
Marble-heart to remain unmarried
gets the whole fund, aud then is at
liberty to marrv if he wishes. The
young women have organized a coun
ter society, whose vow is not to
marry anyone of the male Marble
hearters. Thero is, however, no
stonewall or strong block in the way
of tho breaking of the pledge in either
Penny Wedding*.
Tho Sootland penny weddings were
so called, nlthough the guests con
tributed shillings, aud occasionally
half crowns, toward the wedding
feast. Tho penny wedding of Ger
many is on a different basis. The
bride receives her guests with a basin
before her, in which everybody de
posits o jewel, a silver spoon or piece
of mouey. In some parts of Germany
the expense of a marriage is met by
each guest paying for what he eats
aud drinks, and, moreover, at u very
high rate, so that the young couple
thereby obtain a sum sufficient to
start them nicely iu life. As many as
300 guests ofton assemble. In Poland
a girl is not eligible for marriage un
til she hn3 not only made her own
trousseau, but the garir ints for the
friends that will aoeompauy the bride
groom to the altar.

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