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Established 1888. PUBLISHED EVERY MONDAY AND THURSDAY, BY TUB fRIBUNE PRINTING COMPANY. Limited OIYICE: MAIN STREET ABOYE CENTRE. FREELAND, PA. SUBSCRIPTION KATES: One Year $1.50 Blx Months 75 Four Mom lis 50 Two Mouths .25 The ilato which the subscription is paid to U on tlie addresg label of each pnper, the thange of which to a subsequent date be- Rjiiies a receipt for remittance. Keep the figures in advance of the present date. Re port promptly to this office whenever paper le not received. Arrearages muut be paid when subscription is discontinued. Male nil money orders, checks, etc,,payabU to the Tribune Prin'inj Company, Limited. When you are thinking of making a short cut to success remember that there are very few guide-posts off the beaten track. It is an ill wind that blows uobody good, and the Czar'u drastic policy in Finland may send us a very industri ous and desirable class of immigrants, Tho wealth of the United States is estimated at one hundred billions of dollars, and yet there are hundreds of thousands of people in the United States who to-day are hungry and cold and l'Aggod and hopeless. The St. Louis Bepublic says: "Tf Admiral Lord Beresford is correct 111 his assertion that tho British navy is as rottenly directed as the British army, then indeed does England need all the alliances she can lay her hands on." One often hears of queer trades, but perhaps the queerest is one which is controlled iu this country by one man. This is the manufacture of shuttle eyes. These are made of porcelain and require to be very care fully made. The solitary manufac turer has acquired his trade wholly by the care with which his product is turned out and the perfect uniformity of his goods, as n result of which | every shuttle eye tits the hole into which its predecessor was inserted. The division of statistics of tho United States Department of Agricul- j ture has undertaken the publication for wide distribution of lists of free employment offices and other institu tions to which farmers may apply when m need of farm laborers. The co operation of many charity organiza tion societies, settlements, colleges, etc., has been secured, and it is hoped thus to facilitate communications be tween the farmers who want help and those who are in need of work for the summer mouths or for the entire year. The Swiss have 110 standing army, but the whole population, from twenty to fifty, is enrolled in three classes of the militia—the first and youngest for thorough training as recruits; tho next for ordinary military service and the last for use in an extremity. The service is .-Jiort, but the drill is thor ough, and rifle practice is encouraged in all citizens by Government sub vention of private clubs. There is a permanent general stall aud officers are taught in military schools and ap pointed and promoted by severe tests. The State provides arms and equip ment in all services, which are ample for any emergency, and of the most modern type. Tlie State of California, now per haps the closest of the larger States of the country, lias seven Representa tives in the Fifty-six tli Congress, but, notwithstanding tho evenuess of the division between the two parties, six of these Congressmen are Republi cans aud only one is a Democrat. In the Presidential election of 189G the con test between the two parties was so close that the electors were divided, McKinley receiving eight votes and Bryan one. In the Presidential elec tion of 1892 the Republican plurality was less than 150 votes, and so close was the State that Cleveland received eight of the electors and Harrison one. California divided its electors in 1880 also, when the Democratic plurality was only 100 votes. Drunkeness Increasng in Franci. Drunkenness is said to be increasing in France. J)r. Jaequet, who lias care fully examined into tlie matter, made a round of the Paris hospitals and found that out of 4.744 cases personally in vestigated by him 1.405. or more than 20 per cent, were persons given to ex cessive drinking and whose illness when not the immediate result of alcoholism had been aggravated by the abuse of liquor. Among the more serious cases he found the percentage of inebriates to be 46. One of the difficulties in in vestigating the question was that the patients, and especially the women, en deavored to conceal their excesses. Between Madagascar and the coast of India there are about 16,000 islands, only 600 of which are inhabited, but most of which are capable of supporting a population. WHEN DAYS ARE CHILL' AND DAYS ARE FAIR^ When the wild wind ripped Like a jnaddeiied thing. And his ers wore nipped By the lleree frost king: When the deep pipes froze And clear drops'dripped From his glowing nose; When the slow wheels creaked And the panes wore streaked By the etcher who Is never seen, Ho longed for the days when the skies are blue Anil the fields nro green; •'Oh. for the glad, warm da vs." he cried, "When the loosened streams may How, For a summer day is worth," ho sighed, "More than all the mouths of snow! And if this keeps on," lie shivering said, "I fear the fruit'U bo frozen dead!" * Sacred gen. Whale of the [Trass. § 3 3 <b BY JAMES COOPER WHEELER. <f> ♦\/ *\ A\ A\/*\ y*\ r—p SHALL always claim that a better A man than Porta guese John never slapped the deck of It a „■whaler with his \immltomltohw r ' oot * °f ma ~ line New Bedford —which was flerce- ly skeptical of Dago virtue, freely allowed that John was j tho exception which proves the rule. Therefore 110 one was surprised when old Hank Timrod, master of the Java, signed him as fourth mate. As this officer acts as captain's boatsteerer when tho "old man" lowers, and Leads the starboard boat when he does not, it goes without saving that he must be good timber through and through. It was not common, on an American whale ship, for a Portuguese to berth nit, but before the Java had crossed the western ocean 011 her way to the southern whaling grounds John was ' accepted by Collin, Holder and Bige low, the mates, as an all-around good ' fellow, and as capable a seaman as over sniffed brine. His wlialeinau ship was an unknown quantity, for none had sailed shipmates with him before. But they took it for granted, and grew foud of the grave, undemon strative man who never courted, but always welcomed their rough fellow ship. Una day, in the South Atlantic, a "lone" bull whale was raised from the mainmast head. It was breaching a long distance to windward, and it took the bluff-bowed Java three hours to beat up to where the lonely mon arch could bo seen from the deck. Bigelow, the third mate, was in the slings at the main-royal yard with his j glasses. He scanned the whale long and closely, while it lay spouting without thought of enemies. Sud denly he sent his voice to the deck: "I never soon a sperm bull like this 'ere, Cap'n Timrod. He's queer an' no mistake!" The "old man," pacing his quarter like a penned animal, paused in his swift stride and looked inquiringly aloft: "What do you make of him, sir?" "J'm blowed if he's a Protestant!" answered Bigelow with a brief chuckle. "He's marked with a cross on his head." Portuguese John, who stood by the starboard boat near the master, gave a sudden start as the whale was de scribed, and was about to speak, but restrained himself, and Bigelow con tinued : "Seems like the cross was painted on with white lead. Tho long streak goes from tho nose to the hump, an' tho cross bar reaches clear athwart bis head." (The body of tho sperm wlmle is covered with what may ho described as a black pig ment. It is slightly thicker than a coat of paint, and may be readily scratched oil bringing to view n dull white skin which covers the blubber. It seems possible that Bacrod Ben may have carelessly scratched his head 011 tho rocks at tho bottom oT the sea In the regions whore lie is supposed to chnso tho giant squid. In that way the re ligious symbol which so astonished Mr. Bigelow may have been produced. J. C. W.) Captain Timrod happened to glauco at his fourth mate, and to his surprise John's Rwarthy face had turned that livid yellow which takes tho place of emotional paleness in the Latin races. "What is it, John?" he asked, in surprise. ! TheJPortuguese's voico was husky, and ho shiverod as he answered, point ing in tho direction of tho bull: "Sac red Ben, sir! The Whale of the ) Cross!" j "Hey!" exclaimod tho "old man" with uu expression of deep interest, j "I've heard of him before. He's got | a bad record!" Portuguese Johu moved nearer, and : laid his unsteady hand on the master's i arm. "Captain," lie said in a strained whisper, "that whale means death, j He kill my broth', three year ago, in ; the Indian Ocean. And many more! i Ho stove three boats of the Mary, an' I get awav with four 'irons' and nil the lines. That time I know for I was , there. My brotli', Anton, lie steer Misser Brown, the mate; an' all that 1 boat crew Sacred Bon kill. An' many [ more! I hear of him in othair ships. He always kill, an' always get away." j "I heard of the Mary losiug her boats. J was in the Okhotsk that year," answered Timrod. "Well, what of it, John?" "Captain, for Christ his sake, do not lower after tlie Whale of the Cross!" The sailor in Ilauk Trimrod quaked because of the superstition begot by the sea, but after a moment the tougb Yankee spirit of the New England whale-hunter surged up in his breast. "Sacred Ben will try out like any other whale, I reckon!" he grimly muttered. The glad sun smiled On all below; The iVinds so wild A week ago Blow gently from the south and sent The frost king skulling penitent; The picture melted from the pane, And birds came singing from somewhere; A verdant tinge spread o'er the plain. And ail the scene was fair, But ho who had condemned the blast Was still unsatisfied, And many a hopeless look he cast Across the fields and sighed: "The sun is warm and bright. But, oh. It Isn't right That fields are green to-day Ami birds are 011 the wing! Alas, we'll liuve to pay For all this in the spring!" —S. E. Klser. John made the sign of his faith. He saw tho skipper's jaw set, and knew the breed. With the instinctive ges ture 110 resigned his welfare to the care of his patron saint, and braced himself to do his duty—whatever might befall. The "old man" took the glasses from tho compauion-way rack and climbed the weather main rigging to a height where he could see tho bull plainly. "The Whale of the Cross, right enough!" he murmured when he had adjusted his focus. " I'll give him a whirl, for luck!" Then he snapped his glasses together, and roared: "Stand by to lower away!" The masthead lookouts seemed to drop to the deck. The crew, on hot foot since Bigelow's first call from aloft, ranged themselves at their sta tions. "Lower away, all!" The falls creaked; 111 a twinkle all four bouts touched the water, and the men wore 011 their thwarts. Timrod, with the smartest crew, was the first away from the side. " 'Vast pulling!" commanded he. "Peak oars! Step tho mast! Shako that sail loose! throat and peak halyards hoist!" Almost as ho spoke the well-trained men had the mast secured, the sheet passed aft, and the sail took the wind. "Drop ypur centreboard. Let her go!" he said to the midship oarsman. 1). . u it went and held the boat up to tli /ind, as tho "old man" laid her head straight for Sacred Ben. "Pali all!" The men lay back 011 their oars again, and the foam curled from the cutwater. Captain Timrod—the only] man in tho boat with his face to the whale— looked out ahead with mischief iu his gray eye. His blood was afire with the chase. The Whale of the Cross, doughty old sea warrior as ho was, had an antagonist who would tax his art and test his fighting quality. A mile—two miles—were passed, and the black bulk lay a quarter-mile distant, looming like a bare rock iu midoceau. His great hump was six feet above the sea. At times he spouted, sending a jet of steam thirty feet in the air, and anon in the wantonness of might he thrust his huge body hulf above water with a writhe of his mus cles, and falling back, splintered the brine iuto foam a hundred yards around. Nearer came the boat. Portuguese Johu, watching Tiinrod's eye, saw it glow; but 110 never turned his head, though he knew that Sacred Ben was close behind. Then the captain spoke again as he threw the boat's nose in the wind—this time in a strained whisper that shivered along the men's nerves like an electric cur rent: "Take iu the sail—cleverly! Down with the mast. 80! Stand up, Johu! Pull hard!" He accompanied the last order with n swing 011 his steering oar, and by the time Portuguese Johu had knee in clumsy cleat and hand 011 his "iron" lie was facing the Whale of the Cross not ten feet abaft his liu. John, the Dago, was grit clear through, aud if Timrod remembered his shakiug baud when the whale was first sighted, he knew now that the fourth mate would send his harpoon home with as brave heart as beat under liis own Yankee ribs. "Give it to him!" Tho old wau spoke iu a tierce whisper. The hearts of the men leaped, and they gripped oars in arrested stroke with fingers of steel that almost dented the ash. John's "iron" went above his head like lightning, and, with a swish its barbed point sung through the air and stabbed deep into the side of Sacred Beu. Like report of gun after touch on trigger he responded. A hundred tons sprang into activity us lightly as a wildcat meets its foe. "Stain all!" roared Timrod, "for your lives starn all!" With their very souls in tho straiu the crew pushed on their oars. A maelstrom of blinding foam encom passed the boat. Whirlpools of angry water spurted vicious gushes over its side, and a deafening rush as though of Niagara was in Portuguese John's ears, while the boat, reeled aud danced beneath his feet. But the latent tiger at the bottom of his heart ! was aroused, and he did not give back | air inch. Wiping the spume from his face with his left hand, with tho right lie sought and grasped the "second iron." Timrod, at tho stern, had for a 1110- 1 incut a clearer view than his boat j steerer, and now he cried: "Bee, he's ! milling!" So it was. The bull bad settled in the water at the prick of the steel, land with two strokes of his Jius, and a lash of his Hakes (which had caused the vortex) he was milling (turning) liis hulk us though on a pivot, with the effect of briugiug his tail under neath the whale boat. Timrod was too old a blubber hunter not to" know what that meant. An upward stroke of that tremendous engine of destruc tion would send boat and crew fifty feet in the air as though thrown altJffc by an exploding mine. Ho gave a great heave on his long steering oar, and the boat whirled about. John stood, harpoon uplifted. His eyes, searching the whirling eddies in front, saw the flukes of the Whale of the Cross, curved like a bow, ascending from the depths. The next instant Timrod bent to his blade again, and the boat again swung from the rising death. The captain did his best, but even as the bow turned the great tail camo from the sea, smoothly, silently, as though driven by some irresistible mechanical | force. Johc gazed at the black horror in momentary paralysis, his "iron" poised for the dart. Its point was caught by the corner of the fluke, and flipped as a hoy jerks his knife in mumble peg. The harpoon turned on its axis—and John was impaled upon it. In continuance of the motion the flukes rose high in the air, and then sunk from sight. Sacred Hen had sounded, and the lino hissed over Portuguese John's postrate body through the chocks iu the bow. There is no time for horror in a whaleboat. All is action. The meu, scarcely realizing the tragedy, but knowing the whale to be fast, peaked their oars. Tiiurod reached for the liue, and tossed two flakes from the tub to give play that he might bring it over the snubbing post in the stern sheets. It coiled through his hands like a hissing serpent, and in the very act of accomplishing his purpose a flake leaped iuto the air, and opening like the loop of a cowboy's lasso, dropped over his shoulders. It seemed for a second that nothing could save him from being cut it two. But the boat oarsman happened—by the Almighty's favor—to see the fatal loop as it sprang in tho air. In a heart-beat his sheathkniie flashed, and the lino was severed before it hud time to uip, or become faut on the "second iron." "The old man" cast the loosened coil from his body and settled back in the stern sheets. "Jonas," lie said to the bow oarsman, "I guess yen saved my bacon. But now look to John. I'm afraid this blamed old Whale of the Cross has fixed him." Jonas reached to where tho body of the fourth mate lay ou the thwart, aud turned his face to the sky. Ou examinution it was found that the har poon he had turned against Sacred Ben had cloven his own heart iu twain. —New York Independent. Typhoid Fever in South Africa. Professor Sambon, writing in the Journal of Tropical Medicine, says: "Typhoid fever is the most prevalent and fatal disease in South Africa. In the Galeaka Gaika war it was stated by tho principal medical officer to have been undoubtedly tho most ser ious disease during the war. In the Zulu war of 1878 typhoid appeared at the headquarters at Helpmukaar aud at Borke's Drift in the middle of Feb ruary, accompanied by diurrluca aud dysentery. Helpmakuur became so uuhcalthful that it had to be evacuated. The troops were moved to Utrecht and Dundee, but tho fever immedia tely broke out at both theso places. "I do not contend in the least that water may not bo a vehicle, and pos sibly the principal vehicle, of typhoid infection, but there are many out breaks that cannot receive so comfort able an explanation. Some of theiu are strikingly limited and their limita tion is rarely in accordance with the distribution of tho water supply sup posed to be polluted. "Dr. James Alleu, of Pietermaritz burg, from his observations in South Africa, came to the conclusion that typhoid fever depended chielly upon infected cattle. Ho describes a specific enteritis occurring in calves, subject to relapses and very contagious, and liolds that the excrements of animals affected with this distemper, 011 gain ing access iu any way iuto the liumau body, will give rise to typhoid fever. Ho holds that typhoid fever thus arose iu a great measure among the British troops in the Zulu war."— Medical Record. Freak* of Tcmiiernture. On one day recently tbe thermome ter registered thirty degrees in New Orleans, or two degrees below freezing, while at the same time iu points in Dakota it registered forty-four de grees. As the difference in latitude is something liko seventeen or eighteen degrees, the differeuoo in temperature upon the day in question is almost startling. But to show that it is not exceptional, n gentleman to whose at tention the matter was called told of a summer experience he had some years ago, when he was iu Quebec, about the middle of July. At that time tho thermometer was iu the nineties dur ing a certain day aud in the seventies at New Orleans. Bo the oddities are not contiued to any season nor to any year. —Cincinnati Commercial-Tri bune. How Tliey Cntclk Smelt., Residents of Surry are happy as well us busy now, for the head of the , river is frozen and the smelting busi ness began Saturday. The news : spread about that suielts had appeared ; iu the bay, aud those who were in readiness made quite a catch and sev eral shipments were made. Others employed themselves in getting their tents on tho ice, and Monday some sixty-live touts were located aud one of the largest catchos iu the history of 1 smelting in Surry was made, more I than two tous being taken. Tho aver age quantity wits from seventy-live to ! eighty pounds to a niau. Tho smelts aro shipped to Boston aud New York via stage to Ellsworth, aud sell for from live to Ufteou ocnts a pouud.— Bangor (Me.) Whig aud Courier. sKJKN , o(ete!CfSiKNote:oi©iet=j,'9jteK3t* 1 NEWS AND NOTES 1 | FOR WOMEN. | Filiform* Mtiilc by Women. The army clothing stores in Pim lico, Loudon, have presented a scene of unusual activity Binco the beginning of the war in South Africa. From 8.30 iu the morning until about (! o'clock in the evening nearly sixteen hundred women and yonng girls stitch away at tho "khaki" from which the soldiers' uniforms are luado, each soldier receiving one outfit of dark colored serge and another of the "khaki." The latter material is a kind of dried cotton, dyed to the regulation color. The uuiforms completed at the army clothing stores are turned out at the rate of about twelve huudred each week, aud are cut by machinery. Once cut the material passes through the hands of three workers, and is completed in short order. Contractors in Ireland are also turning out uui forms witli great rapidity. The Finishing of Skirt*. Velveteen continues to be regarded as the most wear-resisting skirt biudiug, but there is sufficient variety in tho aecepted methods of applying it to warrant a word of doscriptiou. The simplest plan is to lino a bias Btrip of velveteen (two and three quarter inches wide) with still' criuo line; apply to skirt from tho right side, turn ovor aud tack smoothly to the lining, employing the horring bone or feather stitch. Where tho j garineut is of cloth a turned-up uu- j lined hem is all that is required, and the regulation width of such a finish I is two inches. Turned-in liems are not approved of becauso of their ' bulkiness, but where there is a pos sibility of the material raveling, its edge may be hound with lute-string. The novelty of the moment consists iu the inlet cable-cord bindiug. This is done as follows: Select a heavy oable-cord aud baste it into a bias casing of silk, velveteen, or corduroy, the exact shade of the material of the skirt. Now stitch the cable-casing to tho outside of the skirt, turn over, and hem the facing closely down to meet tho cord. Where desired a row of machine-stitching may bo placed as close to tho cable as possible, thus securing tho cord still more firmly in place. The process is that known to needle-women as "cording." Tins is an exceedingly useful method of skirt binding, especially when applied to the renovation of gowns, since it counteracts the tendency to a shorten ing of the skirt usually observed after the garment has been rebound.— Harper's Bazar. Site Seat First Telegram. Mrs. Roswell Smith, seventy-three years old, widow of the founder of the Oeutury Company, died at her home iu New York City a few days ago. It was Mrs. Roswell Smith who. as Miss Anuio Ellsworrb, then a young girl of seventeen, sent the famous first tele graphic message. "What God hath wrought!" Her father, Henry L. Ellsworth, a son of Chief Justice Oliver Ellsworth, was tho first commissioner of patents aud has been called "the father of the patent office." He had been a college friend of Professor S. R. Morse. Together they had en deavored to induce Congress to pass a bill grautiug SBO,OOO for tho con struction of a trial line betweeu Wash ington and Haltimore. Morse had been seeking the help of Congress since 1888, but it was not until the last hours of the.session of 1842-8 that tho bill was passed by the close vote of 80to 88, aud 4 then went to the Senate. At twilight ou the iast evening of the session there were 170 bills ahead of it, and, as it seemed impossible that his meusure would bo reached, Pro fessor Morse, disheartened, weut to his hotel aud prepared to return to New York City by an early morning train. His friend, the commissioner ofjpateuts,'kept doggedly working for the bill, aud at five minutes before adjournment it was passed, only oue measure going through after it. It was Miss Ellsworth who carried Ihe news of the passage of the bill to Professor Morse the next morning. ;It was then that he assured her that j ahe should send the first message, and a little mere than a year aftar, ut her i mother's suggestion, Miss Ellsworth wrote down the words of the Psalmist, i "What God hath wrought," and they [ were sent in triplicate in the dot and line alphabet from Washington to Bal timore. The original message was | given to Miss Ellsworthaudliasalways been iu her keeping. The duplicate, svhieh was returned from Baltimore to | Washington, is iu the Connecticut historical rooms at Hartford. <iuen and Woman Both. I Queen Victoria is a very old lady. hut she does not neglect those oour*, ! tesies that have caused her all her life to be loved by those that know her. Old servants may grow very old in their attendance upon her before she thinks them sufficiently aged to be set aside for younger attendants. Eighty-two is a good ripe age for a housekeeper, hut Miss Thornton, who has been the Queen's housekeeper for more than forty years, would not have felt called upon for so small a cause to resign her position. Unfortunately she grew deaf—too deaf to hear the orders that were given. "I could not ray H beg your pardon' to Her Ma- j jesty and ask for an order to be re peated," she herself said, in speaking of her reason for resigning. How much real care the Queen has 1 for this old servant was shown by her j thoughtfulnesH at the time of the last jubilee. In the midst of all tho con-1 fusion and excitement she did not for- j get to order that tickets should be i furnished to Miss Thornton, admit ting herself and a friend to a private . room iu the palace, a room wheie there ! was a window in full view cf the jubi lee pageant. Here the two old ladies could sit and watch without fatigue the depar ture of the Queen" and her gorgeous escort, aud her triumphal return after her progress through the city. By the Queen's special order refreshments were served to the housekeeper aud her friend, aud they were treated a9 honored guests. Others besides Miss Thornton have found, when they came in contact with the Queen of England, that she is u woman possessed ef that kindly tact and consideration for others that makes them see in her the woman as well as the Queen. The late Mrs. Keeley used to tell with pleasure of the time when she had the honor of being received by Her Majesty. On beiug presented she excused herself from making a low courtesy by sayiug: "Your Majesty, I have rheumatism in my knees and [ eanuot courtesy.," "Mrs. Keeley," replied the Queen, "I can't either." Women Here und There. One of the best bands in New Or leans, La., is composed entirely of women. At the Minneapolis College of Agri culture fifty girls are studying scien tific farming. Mrs. Philip D. Armour, Jr.. collects I plates, aud owns more than two thou sand exquisite ones. ! Miss Helen Gould has contributed the Berriau collection of works 011 Mormonism to the New York Public Library. Louise Froebel, widow of Friedrich Froebel, founder of the kindergarten system, died in Hamburg at the ago of eighty-five. Three new assistants have begun their duties at the Central Library of Syracuse, N". Y. With their coming the staff of women workers is increased to ten. Prussia has decided to try the ex periment of employing women as fac tory inspectors. A largo number have just been appointed at a salary of $570 a year. The women of Japau are gradually effecting entrance into industrial life. A considerable number have been re cently engaged in banks and in tele phone and railway service. Mrs. C. E. Haskell's gifts to Ober liu College now amount to $77,000. This includes a lectureship endow ment of $22,000, which will enable the college to bring thither famous spec ialists every year. Women as train porters are an in novation that is fast becoming popu lar. The wouiau who wishes her shoes laeed, her dress fastened, etc., is wondering how she managed to travel before without such aid. Mrs. Mary Bryan Cobb, great-grand mother of William Jennings Bryan, is living near Ivokouio, Indiaua, at the ago of ninety-eight. Her first hus band, Louis H. Bryan, was a soldier in the war of 1812 and in the Mexican war. Mrs. Agassiz has resigned the pres idency of the Kadcliffe College—some times called the Harvard Annex—an office which she had held since the beginning of the institution, her health no longer permitting her to perform its duties. The only woman oil operator in tho country is Miss Jane Stone,who owns 180 acres in Texas which have pro duced oil. Miss Stone superintends the drilling of her own wells, and has a thorough knowledge of tho way to run an oil plant. Another real daughter of the Kevo lution has joined the D. A. 11. She is Mrs. llaehel M. Fernald, of Kittevy, Me. She wa born in East Eliot, Me., in 1812. She is the twelfth child of Eliot Frost, who was a private in the continental army. The Woman's Home Companion points out the fact that women are doing pioueer service in the develop ment of the automobile, their famil iarity with the bicycle giviug them confidence. A marked improvement in design aud simplicity of mechan ism is due to the interest of women in the motor carriages. There are twelve women in Chicago who run their own vehicles, and twice as many in New York City. Gleuiii£4 From the Shop*. Children's cambric dresses finished with cluster tuckiugs aud embroidered yokes. Double-breasted fur jackets fast ened with extremely large jeweled buttons. Boys' blouse and vestee suits made of serge or cheviot tastefully trimmed with braid. Many new ideas in boa, muff, lorg nette und neck chains in gilt, silver and enamel. StocK collars of various colors with broad black ends to be worn with tlau nel shirt waists. Dotted Swiss shirt waists trimmed with Valenciennes lace fashioned with handkerchief frouts. White aud delicately tinted batislo corsets showing silk embroideringsi in contrast aud lace trimmings. Big reductions in staple aud novel ty laces, alio vers, transparencies, gar nitures and spaugled trimmings. New collections of floral-sprigged nets and other transparent materials suitable for day and evening Avear. ; Evening wraps of delicately colored satin or cloth showing rich appliques ' of lace and bauds of ostrich feathers. Dressing gowns of quilted silk or satin Avith wide, round collars and cull's in contrast edged Avith sAvans down. Very ornate negligees and house- I gowns of soft silk or wooleu materials, : in which great quantities form the dis- 1 tiuguishiug point.—Dry Goods Econ- ; ouiist. CIANT TREES THREATENED. An Effort to Snve the Sequoias of Cal> veras From tlie Lumberman. The San Joaquin Valley Commer cial Association is taking steps to pre serve the famous Calaveras grove of big trees, owned by J. L. Sperry, but which wili probably pass into the hands of a large lumber firm which has secured an option on this famous wonderland of central California. It is the iutentiou of the new owners to erect several large sawmills in Cala veras County, and they will then turn all of the large trees, which have been one of the points of interest to visitors, into lumber, uulcss immedi ate stops are taken to save them. President Buell, of the San Joaquin Valley Commercial Association, has ap pointed a committee to secure all data possible 011 the matter, and a report will bo presented at the next session of the association at Merced. Buell has also communicated with the Cali fornia Water and Forest Association, and the Sierra Club, calling attention to the situation, and requesting their assistance in saviug this wonderful grove from destruction. The committee will also communi cate with Cougrsssmau Do Vries to learn if something eanuot bo done at once by Congress to save the Cala veras big trees, which are famous the world over. He will be urged to have a natioual park set aside, to include the sequoias, as has been done in Mari posa and Tulare Counties, where lum bermen got within striking distance of the big trees in those sections. No ell'ort will be spared by the Valley As sociation to keep the trees from fall ing under the axe of the lumbermen who have secured control of them. "Town and Gown." Being tall and strong for my age, T was often made "yard monitor" to keep order during the physical train ing, Fays W. J. Stillman, in the At lantic. There was a gang of young ruffians, street boys, who used to hang around the school gates and maltreat the stragglers, and even the I boys i?i the yard, if the gate was left open, and I remember one day three or four of them coming in after I had dismissed the boys to go upstairs at the end of the intermission, thinking that they would have u line game with the mouitor. One made a pre test to quarrel with me, and, gripping |me around the body, called to his companions to go and get some stoues to pound me on the head with —this being the approved manner of the young roughs of New York. Find ing that I could not extricate mysolf from his grip, I dragged him to the wall, and catching him by the ears, beat his head against the rough stones till he dropped incapable of further resistance, auc then I ran up stairs as fast as my legs could carry me, so that when the companions came with their stones they had only their champion to carry out. On the holidays there wore generally stone lights between the boys of our quarter and one of the adjoining quarters, and I shall carry to my grave the scars 011 my head of cuts received in one of these field combats, in which C refused to follow my party in flight, and took the onslaught of the whole vanguard of the enemy, armed with stones, and had my head pounded yellow, being only saved from worse by the intervention of the men oT the vicinity. The Way* ot Vrinres. There have boon inauv royal au thors, and we wish sometimes there were yet auothui', a prince of pure blood and of a really great house to tell us meaner folk how princes really feel about the etiquettes which envir on them. They seem so suffocating, yet they can hardly be really detested by those who obey tlietn,or they would not have survived as they have done so many changes in the ways of men. One or two etiquettes have died out, probably because they wearied cour tiers who took advantage of change* of dynasty or the like silently to leave off obeying them; but enough remain to make of princes a caste separate in habits from mankind. No sovereign is now served, we imagiue, on bended knee, nor does any one 011 whom >1 king's glance falls think it incumbent on him, as Cecil did, at once to kneel; but enough are left to make life very tiresome. It must be a horrid bore to a kiug never to be able to move with out attendance, or to chat easily, or ta enter or leave a room without exciting a commotion. Legend declares that Lord William Bentinck, finding the first of these etiquettes in full blast when he took up his ludian Viceroy alty, threatened to resign unless it. could be abolished, and was relieved to find that he was absolute enough, provided lie wrote the order, even to be able to alter an etiquette.—The Spectator. f.yttilite Shell*. Although all good people have a horror of war and the terrible tale which it drags in its train, there is u certain amount of fascination about it because of its picturesque and in tensely dramatic accompaniments. One cannot, for instance, read with out absorbing interest of the work of our Naval Brigade and their awfully destructive lyddite shells, which, by the way, tako their name from Lydd, on the Kentish const, where the ex plosive is made and tested. Although the 1.7-inch gun used by the Naval Brigade has a projectile weighing forty-five poiiuds, this includes thu five and a half pounds' charge of cor dite which expels it; the weight of the lyddite in its head, which breaks the shell into death-dealing fragments, being only ten pounds. The entire projectile is in form like a sportsman's cartridge, containing its own propel ling charge, with the addition of the bursting charge of lyddite; deducting these, tho weight of metal is only twenty-nine aud a half pouuds.— Chambers's Journal.