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KSTARLISHED 18X8. PUBLISHED EVERY MONDAY, WEDNESDAY AND FRIDAY, BY TIII2 TRIBUNE PRINTING COMPANY, Limited OFFICE; MAIN STREET ABOVE CENTRE. LONG DISTANCE TEC-EPIIUNB. SUBSCRIPTION IL.VTES FREELAND.— The TRIBUNE isdellvoreii bj carriers to subscribers in Freelaud attlie rats of 12W cents per month, payable every twa mouths, or f 50 year, payable in advance. The TRIBUNE may be ordered direct form the carriors or from tile office. Complaints of Irregular or tardy delivery service will re. oeivo prompt attention. BY MAIL —The TniBCNR is scut to out-of town subscribers for $1.60 a year, payable In advance; pro rata terms for shorter periods. The date when the subscription expires is on the address label of each paper. Prompt re- Bowals must be made at the expiration, other wise the aubsoriptlon will be discontinued. Entered at the Postofflce at Frealand. Pa as Second-Class Matter. Make all money orders, checks, eto.,payable to the. Tribune 2'mn!ing Company, Limited. j__ = * An English judge, in charging a jury on a ca3e where an unhitched and un attended horse was frightened by an automobile, said that the onus was on the owner of the equine who had frac tured the law by neglecting to provide for the public safety by securely tying tho animal. The American continent expects to have a canal very soon that will be worthy of close telescopic study by the civil enginers on Mars. It is a somewhat astonishing fact to learn that nearly one-third of the al most quarter of a billion dollars col lected by the Government under the war revenue act has been obtained from tlip use of documentary stamps. It is said that the morphine habit Is spreading alarmingly among ihe women of all classes in France. Med ical men whose patients are women of fashion, as well us doctors who work among the large army of milliners, dressmakers, blancliisseuses and shop girls of the French capital, equally aver that they find the use of morphine becoming more general, aud this opin ion is confirmed by chemists. The greatest of American railroads are tearing down many of their metal bridges and buiiding iii place of fhem stone arches which will not rust, which will have uo need of change or repair or strengthening for many generations, and will defy tho teeth of the ages. That is a notable going back to the best work of ancient days. The Roman arch in its noblest form, with its sound, strong lines, with the imperishable rock from foun dation to keystone, was a model for all time. In dignity, In steadfastness, In calm, serene disregard of the transi tory, the fleeting and the unstable, tbe Roman arch lias known no super ior. Few men deliberately shoulder the business burdens which break them down. Their responsibilities are slow ly acquired, each success bringiug its results in the way of more work. When n man finds that the load has become too heavy the condition of his affuirs Is apt to be such to require his con stant attention. His iiabit of over work has taken the shape of a neces sity. The men who have by their own efforts acquired enormous for tunes have fewer pleasures aside from their employment of work tliau their employes may have. They are chained to tho desk. It is impossible for most of them to dismiss their business af fairs from mind eveu when they take the air or when they lie down to sleep. Yet they are envied by the great ma jority of men. Filled tlio Dead Man. The following story of a former county Tiagistrate was told at Tow son: Tho body of a man who had been dead for some hours was found by the police, and the magistrate, acting as coroner, was notified. He made uu investigation, aud after finding a re volver uud $5.30 in the clothes of the dead man, decided it was a case for a magistrate and not for a coroner, aud ordered that the body he brought be fore him at tho station house. Hcie the magistrate charged the dead man with carrying a concealed weapon anil fined him just $5.30, the amount of money found In his pocket. The re volver was taken for other expenses of the trial, and tho body was turned over to tho county authorities to he buried at the expeuse of the couuty. —Baltimore Sun. The Industrial Discoverer. It is uot the hoy who is surrounded by the best implements and tools that Ingenuity can manufacture, but an Ell Whitney making a cotton gin In a cel lar In the South with the simplest tools, or a Cunurd whittling the model of a ship with a jnekknife, that makes •treat Industrial discoveries.—Success. f"aunt "chilly. I 1 Et E. 0. S. MABSII. E ->TT> -SVSVBS- **. • My first remembrance of our okl Aunt Chilly was when, as housekeeper at my grandmother's, she sailed about through the hall and library in a bright dress and snowy apron, with an energetic fling to her brilliant turban, arranging flowers and dusting china; or when she stood in the great kitchen with one hand raised to her cheek and "bossed de niggahs." We children bad such wholesome awe of her that if we were planning mischief the cry, Aunt Chilly's coming," was a signal for rapid rout. Tlio' I feared her twitching mouth and scornful eyes about as much a3 1 feared sin and Satan, still there was a strange fascination about her, and I would often stand in the kitchen door way for an hour at a time to see her scold brown Tilly, and cuff black Ran dolph, and occasional mutter strange things about my grandmother which it was hard to understand. Sometimes it was: "Mrs. Gray got no business to ruin dem debiiish chillen wid cakes," or "Pity 'bout Mrs. Gray. She had bet ter mind how she asks folks to break fas' 'dout teilin' me." Only at meal time did she throw off her habitual grimnoss. Then, seated at the head of a long table surrounded by wooly heaus, some turbaned and some bristling with pig-tails, she would brandish a chicken-bone and tell of her adventures in the great world— what she had seen in New York —when visiting my mother, how she had trav eled in elevated cars, and had been to the hippodrome, and seen a lion and tiger and cooked in a basement kitchen, and ridden in an elevator. Her motions were so dramatic and her language so vivid that 1 wondered why 1 had not heard before what a realm of wonders 1 had lived in, and how superior we were to the other grand children who hau not ridden in ele vated cars and dm not have basement kitchens. Sometimes a loud "Haw, haw,' 'would ring around the table, and rows of white teeth glisten, and sometimes strange queries came from the listeners. "Aunt Chilly," said small Margaret ..nn, iter eyes glisten ing with eagerness, "is it nicer out der den what it is in yere?" Aunt Chilly eyed the questioner contemptuously, and, not wishing to commit herself, bit a corn muffin in silence. Then the con versation changed to ' Punch and Judy," and still she took the lead. With her head cocked on one side she squeaked "Judy's" song tnl the laugh ter woke the echoes. When sue had her fill of applause, nnd the chicken bones wero picked, she would commence again to sail about, and frown and mutter and whack. On Sunday afternoons, when we chil dren and Aunt cnilly were locked up in the nursery to be kept quiet, she would conaescend to tell us tales of former glory, of our uncles and father e "reed bird suppers." "Marse George was so fussy, wouldn't hab ncbodv cook his supper but me." "Do you remember Colonel Rombey, who died in the war?" I once asked. "I 'member Colonel Rombey," said Aunt Chilly wrathfully. "Reckon I knows de las' time he was to our house. Had muffins and terrapin for tea- Said I cooked 'em better'n Del montco. Mrs. Cornelius Lockton, she said nobody nebbah cooked canvas ducks liko me, and she's been to 80-- ton." Then followed a long string of compliments which she had treasured, and which were familiar to us all. Sometimes we begged her to " 'spound de scriptures," and she would talk about "bein' clothed wid de sun, and do moon under der feet," and t :!1 how "Satan coquetted wid Job." But her religious moods did not last long and were generally followed by u gloomy silence, more ominous than threats. Once and only once did 1 try to con quer Aunt Chilly 1 wished a certain receipt, and though I had heard my grandmother say that it would be easier to wriggle a secret from Talley rand than a direct answer from Chilly, in my boundless conceit I determined to wring It from her. Accordingly 1 went boidly into the kitchen, pen and ink in band. As I sat breezily down I told Aunt Chilly how delicious Mrs. Jones thought her cold-slaw dressing, and how she had hegged me for the receipt. Aunt Chilly sniffed danger from afar. She gave me one wither ing glance, and stirred more violently the batter she wa3 mixing. "Now, Aunt Chilly," I said, as i wrote "Cold Slaw Dressing" at the top of the page. "What do you make it of?" "Miss Betty," said Aunt Chilly sol emnly, "I don't know nufiin' 'bout it." This being a usual form of response. I answereti quite cheerfully, "Oh, yes, Aunt Cbiily, wo had It yesterday, you know. There is vinegar in it, isn't there?" "I reckon so." was the sullen answer. "Come, Aunt Chilly," I Eaid, getting a little excited, "I saw you mixing it on the stove. Y'ou must know what was in it." Aunt Chilly stlrreu in gloomy silence "Vinegar?' I persisted sweetly, as I wrote down the "V." "Nebah heard of cold slaw dressln' widout winegah," was the answer given with a contemptuous sniff. I finished the word triumphantly, and then in the most insinuating ton's inquired l:ow much. " 'Cordin' as how much you's makln'." Aunt Chilly dropped the batter complacently. "How much did you put in yester day?" I asked sternly. "I dlsremembah," was the calm reply. Tactics had to be changed. "Isn't It about half a cupful?" I suggested in nocently. Aunt Chilly looked up in scorn. "Laws a massy! Miss Betty; you'? not a makin' sauer kraut!" "What do you measure it in?" " 'Cordin' to what you has by you." with a toss of the head. "How many teaspoonfuls would you take?" "La, child! Ain't you seed me meas ure it wid a tablespoon?" She turned her back. "Two tablespoonfuls?" "If it ain't too sour." Tremblingly I wrote down "two tablespoonfuls" opposite "Vinegar." "Now, Aunt Chilly, tell me the other things. There is salt and pepper and mustard and sugar." "Mustard in cold slaw dressln'! My glory! Who'd eat it." Aunt Chilly seldom laughed. "How' much sugar did you say, Aunt Chilly?" "I didn't say." "Come, Aunt Chilly," I cried, getting wrathy; "I have no time to Vaste this morning. How much sugar do you generally put in?" "Miss Betty, you jest bother me to deaf." she cried half whimperingly. "I don't know nutlin' 'bout it. It's 'cord ing as how much eggs and butter I puts in." "Eggs and butter," I said, aghast. "Why didn't you tell me before? Do you beat the eggs?" "Sometimes I does, and sometimes 1 doesn't," with a self-complacent smile, "The whites and yolks separately?" "My goody, Miss Betty! You's not makin' cake." "How many eggs do you use, three"" "You'd ruin it wid three eggs,' said Chilly, rolling ginger dough in grim satisfaction. "Two eggs, then?" "Ef it ain't too much." "One egg?" "One egg ain't always enough." "Good gracious, Aunt Chilly!" I cried in despair; "is it one egg and a half?" "Nebah heerd tell of half an egg" Aunt Chilly looked out the window. I wrote down "One large egg or two small ones." "Now for the butter. How much butter do you use?" "Miss Betty, don't ax me nuffin' 'bout do buttah. I nebah take no count how much buttah I uses." "Well, it is not as much as a cup ful?"'! suggested, coaxingly. "I reckon not." "About a teaspoonful?" "Nebah heerd ef measurin' buttah by de teaspoonful." "About the size of a walnut?" "P'raps so. 'Cordin' as how it looks when it's melted." "Do you melt the butter?" I asked in surprise. "How could you make de dressin' widout meltin' de buttah?" She waved her bony finger. "You know, of course," I answered meekly; "but do you melt the butter, before you mix the eggs and viaegai: ' "Ef you wants to." She was rolling dough again. "How long do you cook it, Aunt Chilly?" "Tell It gets done." Carefully Bho cut the finished roll. "And how soon may that be?" " 'Cordin' as how hot de fire is." "Aunt Chilly!" I said, as I tore up the paper, "I don't believe we shall try this receipt." Chilly did not raise her eyes, bur when I reached the door sue said com posedly, "Bettah come back In half an hour, Miss Betty; de ginger cakes will be done." This was our first and last tussle. Never since then, though she had con fided many things to me, have I at tempted to sound her through direct questions. Sometimes she will talk of her child hood, her far-away childhood, so d'.m and unreal to me, each year more vivid and real to her. As she sits in my room, after I have gone to bed, and gazes into the fire, I often suggest that she is thinking how she loves me. A faint smile brightens her face, and she shakes her head. No, I was studyin' 'bout de times I had when I was little." Then she talks of the funny, dreamy slave days —pathetic in their happiness—and the wrinkles smooth away and she look-! young again. Then, when she sits in the window, and the setting sun flares on her ban danna turban, and I wonder what she is up to, the answer always comes, "atudyin'."—New York Independent. High I.lclvn. Among the drawbacks of civilization are the people who think they know us so much better than we know them. A philosopher is a man who believes that he receives more spiritual intima tions than he needs for his own use. Even the woman who boasts that she earns her own bread and butter likes to have a man treat her to ice cream. What seems to be the absence of a Eense of humor is often merely the presence of a sense of propriety. Nature has her jesting moods; there are rich, red roses which have no odor. Pessimists are permitted to keep op timists from becoming pessimists. Life is often too much like a long procession with only one Hand of music—always playing in the distance. —Chicago Hecord-Herald. Hl Mirew<lna. "Yes, I call him a sound preacher." "I never thought he was so very im pressive." "He isn't impressive, but my! how he can make the rafters ring."—Chi [ cago Reccrd-HerakL SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY. One of the richest sulphur deposits in the world has lately been discovered in Transcaspia, Russia. The geologi cal formation is very similar to that in which the Sicilian deposits occur. It is only in recent years that sulphur has been found in Russia. The crow and the blackbird fly much alike, but there is a certain air of la bor In the flight of the crow that dis tinguishes it trora the faster and easie: winging of the blackbird. The swallow does not fly. He sweeps through the air in erratic circular flights, catch ing bugs and flies on the wing, and even nipping twigs from the trees as he passes with which to build his nests. He is never still. The development of the automobile as an engine of war is at present occu pying much attention among military authorities in Europe. The English, the French, the Italians, the Germans and the Russians are all at work upon the problem. Several types of military automobiles are being experimented with. In Italy a special form of ar mored machine has been devised for the purpose of protecting railways in time of war. Some of the German ma chines are intended for scouting, and are furnished with drawing tables and maps. Others carry Maxim guns and can do a little fighting. Very encouraging reports have been received from Prof. C. C. Georgeson, in charge of the agricul tural experiment stations in Alaska. On a trip into the interior and down the Yukon early in August he found new potatoes, cabbages, cauli flowers and other vegetables ready for the table, and gardens blooming with a variety of annual flowers. At Ram part rye and barley were ripened this year, and there was a fair prospect for oats and wheat On the lower Yukon extensive tracts were found covered with luxuriant grasses, often six feet in height and apparently well suited to agricultural purposes. Much has been learned within a few years past of what goes on and exists in the air, up to a height of three miles, by means of kites carrying meteoro logical and other scientific instruments. Now Mr. A. Lawrence Rotch of the Blue Hill observatory proposes to ex tend the field of scientific kite flying over tue ocean. Experiment with a towboat in Massachusetts bay last summer showed that a kite can easily be flown from a moving vessel at times when it could not be caused to rise from the land. Mr. Rotch Intends to pursue his experiments from Atlantic whose speed renders it po3- ible to fly kites even in calm weather. He points out our comparative ig norance of the conditions of the upper air over Die oceans, and the impor tance of acquiring knowledge in that direction. He wishes particularly to explore the atmosphere over the equa torial reqions of the globe. All readers of the Odyssey, at least, must take a lively interest in the the ory advocated by Dr. Th. Zell that the one-eyed giant whom Ulysses blinded in his cave on the slopes of Mt. Etna was, in reality, a gorilla, and that the original of Homer's story was a rem iniscence of an actual encounter be tween early civilized men and one of their monstrous prehuman ancestors. This is in opposition to the theory of Grimm that the story of Polyphemus is a mythic, account of the strife of the elements. The fact that gorillas do not now live near lue Mediterranean is not in conflict with Doctor Zell's argument, because it Is well know that in prehistoric times Europe contained many animals that at present are pe culiar to Africa and other distant lands. To Tool the Atmonphore. It is proposed to try an experiment in the way 01 cooling the air at tne St. Louis Fair Grounds, the proposition being to reduce the high temperature during the summer months by drawing down cool currents from an altitude of 800 or 1000 feet above the ground and flooding the grounds with air from 10 to 15 degrees cooler than the sur face temperature. The plan compre hends the construction of an aerial tower or staudpipe of the aforesaid height, with its lower termination about 50 feet above the ground, where large fans or blowers are attacned that will draw a current downward at the rate of 20 or 30 miles an hour, equiva lent to a pumping capacity of 50U,000 cubic feet of air per minute. This volume of air will cover an acre ton feet deep—in an hour 60 acres, and in six hours, 3GO acres. It is expected that calefactton through the action of the sun's rays will be counterbalanced and neutralized by the constancy of the current during the daytime. After sundown the temperature, it is claimed, can be held below 80 degrees Fahren heit. i.ue fans are to be started at 4 o'clock a. m., when the air is coolest. By 10 o'clock the buildings and grounds would be filled with fresh air, nnd so maintained during the day. A tiIOOO l'lionaaiit. One of New York's veteran sports men has in his office a stuffed Mon golian pheasant "That pheasant," ho said to a caller, "cost me over SIOOO. I imported SIOOO worth of the birds and turned them loose on my land. They strayed, and evenybody shot them except me. One day a farmer came in and said the birds were In his corr. and ho didn't like to kill them, but be wished I'd make them get out. I took my gun and went shooting In his corn field. I got that bird, and it is the only one out of the whole lot I did get. So that pheasant cost me just a little over $1000." " Why Some Hokh Are Lust. Hog cholera is said to be at fault when large numbers of hogs die, but the use of filthy slop instead of pure water, and the feeding of refuse from hotels, much of which is soapy water, causes some of the losses ascribed to cholera. Loss from Inferior Cows. But for the manure on some farms the cows would give no profit, as many farmers bestow no attention to breeds or the characteristics of individuals. When It Is considered that no two cows are alike, and that one may be capable of giving twice as much profit as another, the farmer who keeps in ferior cows Imposes upon himself a severe tax for Incompetency. The best of care and attention will not enable an Inferior cow to give a profit com pared with those that yield large quan tities of milk and butter. The Hcneflt of Subnllinar> Several years ago I intended to sub soil my bottom land but was stopped by wet weather before finishing. The field was plantod in corn, and I watched the results of the subsoiled and unsubsoiled ground. I gave both pieces of land the same treatment and cultivation, and soon found that the land which had been subsoiled with stood the dry weather much the bet ter. At gathering time it made 50 bushels to the aero while the unsub soiled land made 40 bushels, so I gained ten bushels per acre by sub soiling, which I think paid me hand somely, as I was only one day sub soiling an acre. —W. C. Crook, in the Epitomist. Why Hon. Illil Not I.ny. The writer recently stopped a day with a farmer who prided himself on his fine stock and the complete ac commodations for their comfort. In fact, there was no denying that every thing was in perfect order, and we were not surprised that the stock looked sleek and fat. During the day his wifo spoke of the contrariness, as she termed it, of the hens, saying that they had laid from 40 to 50 dozen eggs a week all summer, and now that the price waa high they scarcely laid an egg. After lunch we asked to soe the hens and were shown a really hand some flock of mixed breeds, but never theless all showing traces of thorough bred ancestors. We asked what they were fed and the lady seemed sur prised at such a question. Of course they ate with hogs and cows and had access to the corn crib if they chose to go there. "But where do they roost?" I sug gested. "Oh, in the trees," she said. "They are healthier where they get plenty of fresh air." And so they were, but they did not lay any eggs. Would It not have been economy to have built a good, warm bouse and have had those hens laying during the fall as well as during the summer. —Home and Farm. Co9t of IlnUliij; Steer*. The Utah experiment station has made some experiments with a view to ascertaining the cost of raising steers from birth. They were conducted with four grade Jerseys. At first they were given only whole milk alone, but later skim milk and grain. During the summer the calves were pastured, while In the winter alfalfa, corn sto ver, grain and roots composed their ration. At the beginning of the test calves Nos. 1 and 2 each weighed 58 pounds, gaining 1.35 and 1.12 pounds per day, respectively. Calf No. 3 weighed 94 pounds at the beginning of the tost, and gained an average of 1.39 pounds per day, while 76 pounds was the weight of No. 4 at birth, which gained 1.15 pounds on an aver age per day. Calf No. 1 gave a profit of $12.78; No. 2, $8.59; No. 3, $9.38, and No. 4, $6.82. The total cost of raising the calves was $65.32. These Bteers, it will be remembered, ware grade Jerseys, thus accounting for their light weights. Grades of any good beef breed would no doubt have given much better returns, but this experiment was intended to show what may be done with grade Jersey steers by those who seek to improve their dairy herds by the use of a Jersey bull. The quality of the meat was ex cellent, tho very best sold at the lo cal market during the year.—Tennes see Farmer. Wintering l!e* In the Cellar. After getting all colonies in good shape, the last thing to do just as steady winter begins is to take them to the cellar. Select a day suitable for the purpose, if possible not too cold, and, of course, It must not oe warm enough for the bees to fly. Per haps late in the evening is best, espe cially if the day is not very cold. A complete arrangement of everything must be previously made, so that thero may be no hitch in the proceedings. Remember that ordinary cellars or cellars as they are ordinarily kept, will not answer for keeping bees in. Bees must not be mixed up with other matter usualy kept in cellars. A cel lar for bees proper should be used ex clusively for them, but if the room may be spared in a good, dry cellar, it may be set oft for the bees with a good, tight partition. It takes but small space to accommodate quite a number of colonies of bees, in the manner in which they are placed. In the first place fix the foundation for the hives to sit on. This shpuld be of two by four scanUing, fastened about eight inches apart in the shape of a frame, and placed on a level and solid foundation, using brick or stone. Have the room enclosed so that shut ting the door will close out all light. Three feet wide, ten feet long, and seven feet high will accommodate 20 or 25 colonies. Set a row of hives on the foundation without the bottoms of hives, eight inches apart. Set the next row over these and directly over the eight inch space, and so on until the ceiling is reached. Leave the lids on all the hives, but remove the bot toms. When placed in this manner you will see that all the dead bees and dirt will drop down and entirely out of the nive, and on the lid 01 the hive below, thus keeping tbem clear of ac cumulating filth. Put them in quiet ly, and arouse them as little as possi ble. The temperature should be about 45, and should not vary more than 40 to 50. Cellar wintering looks easy, but it takes the expert to make it a success every time.—A. H. Duff, in V Farm, Field and Fireside. Start In(r Orchard. Few things are ever done to less V profit on the farm than buying apple trees, spending time and labor to set them out, and then simply leaving them to take care of themselves. Trees that are expected to make a healthy growth, and at the proper age produce an ample output of fruit, should have as much care and atten tion given them during their growth as is bestowed upon ony other crop on the farm. Neglect to do this is the prime cause of the failure to grow fruit. Notwithstanding it is the excep tion rather than theruie,therearecases where fruit growing is more profitable, on land too rough, broken or stony to cultivate advantageously for anything else. If possible, it is advisable to cultivate, however, until the trees come at least into bearing, which is usually four or five years. Trees newly set out do not require as rich a soil as when they come Into bearing, and with care during that period, and by keeping the orchard in cultivation, the fertility can be built T up. Corn or potatoes are either of them preferable to small grains to raise in a growing orchard, though some authorities persist in advocating the latter, and, as far as the condi tion of the ground will admit, it is best to plant corn so that cultivation can be given both ways. Added to tills, be the crop sown what it may, in mark ing out, the rows should be sufficiently far from the trees so that there will be no danger of injuring them in culti ing. All things considered, both the trees and crop should have thorough cultivation during the forepart of the season, leaving the soil in a good, fine tilth, and the surface reasonably level when the crop is laid by. If it can be done, the trees should also be care fully mulched in June. Why? Because this will help materially to retain the soil during the rest of the summer, which, in turn, will enable the trees to maintain an evenly vigorous, thrifty growth. Provided the trees, in con sequence, should continue to grow un til fall, the mulch can be removed in r* time for them to mature their new growth of wood; then, the ground hav ing frozen, it can be put back again as a protection during the winter. In deed, the best lime is in winter to draw and apply the manure. It is a good plan to mulch the trees at least two years after setting out, for thus they will have an excellent opportunity to get well established; and even then thorough cultivation and careful mulching will help great ly in promoting a vigorous, thrifty growth. When the trees have come into bearing, the orchard should be seeded down to clover. Mammoth clover is the best crop to grow in an orchard after it begins to bear, and it will benefit the orchard if it is al lowed to fall down and mulch the ground, for after that it can be pas tured closely with hogs through the growing season. —F. O. S.. in Agricul tural Epitomist. , 1 Firm and CSnrdon Note*. " The calf for a beef animal, keep fat. The one for a milker, keep thrifty. Movable pens are a good investment on any farm where hogs are raised. Do not expose selected seed corn to severe cold, and keep it in a dry place. Packing winter apples in dry Band is recommended by those who have tried it. The warm side of a haystaca is not a sufficiently warm place for a dairy cow in the winter time. Experimentalists say that sheep manure is worth $3.30 a ton, as against $2 for horse manure. One of the handiest things about the stock barn is a box stall. For a sick animal it is a great convenience ofttimee. Get all the eggs you can out of a hen during her first two winters. Af- 1 ter that she is generally too old to A amount to much as an egg-layer. All farmers do not agree in the opin ion that manure should be hauled out to the fields in winter as made. Yet it is the practice of many good farmers. As things look now, the man with a fine orchard of bearing trees is the man who will make some money for the next few years. But an orchard needs care from early spring until the fruit is gathered. A recommended colic remedy for horses is one ounce each of sweet spirits of nitre, sulphuric e-uer and extract of Jamaica ginger, to be given In a pint of cold water, and re peated hourly until relieved. It is a good idea to have a well in your barn basement. Every well or dered stock barn has a basement. By this means water of a moderate cool ness in winter can always be secured for cattle and sheep. Stock are com pelled to drink too much ice W cold water in winter. It pays to have , It of the proper temperature.