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PASSING OF THE SALMON.
Th Flh Traps of the West Have Guaranteed Its Docm. The redflsh of the Idaho lakes will Boon be a thing of the past. Its num bers now are 03 nothing when com pared with the vast runs of 20 years ago. And the reasons for this dcplor able depletion are apparent and easily r understood. In the lower Columbia there are miles and miles of gill-nets and hundred of pound-nets and weirs; great seins are hauled in all suitable places, and the banks are lined with destructive salmon wheels. The lower river Is literally filled with these and other apparatus destructive to the mi grating salmon. They begin at the river's mouth and extend' up the river as far as the catch renders their op eration profitable. Fortunate, indeed, the fish which is able to steer clear of this multitude of traps set to ensnare him, to pass them all safely by, to ascend' the rapids and leap the water falls, and, finally, to reach the spawn ing grounds a thousand miles from the sea. And fortunate indeed would he wore the enemies all left be hind; but they are not. The prospec tor, the miner, the rancher and the people in the villages have learned 1 Wwhere the Iledflsh spawn, and they * know when to expect their coming. Ask Tour Dealer For Allen'* Foot-Fats, A powder. It rests the foet. Cures Corns, Bunions, Hwollen, Sore, Hot, ('allous,Aching, Sweating Feet nnd Jngrowinj? Nails. Allen's Foot-Ease makes new or tiffin shoes easy. At all Druggists and Shoe store l , 26 cents. Ac cept no substitute. Humph- mailed Fbek. Address Allen S. Olmsted, Leßoy, N. Y. In ancient times the addition of a cross to a signature did not indicate "his mark," l >ut was added a9 an attestation of good faith. FITS permanently cured.No fits or nervous ness after first day's use of Dr. Kline's Great Norveltestorer. atrial bottle andtreatisefree Dr. R.H. KLINE, Ltd., 981 Arch St., l'hiln.,Pa. Women are to be employed to work the signals on the Southern Hallway in Aus tria. _ H. H. GBBBH'S SONS, of Ailantn, Ga., aro . the only successful Dropsy Specialists in the k world. Sco their liberal off' rln advortise i' tnent in another column of is paper. A German specialist estimates that in his country one out of eve.y ten persons has gallstones. Mrs. Winslow's Scothing Sy ip for children teething, soften tho gums, red < cos inflamma tion, allays pain,cures windco ie. 26c. abottle For a quarter of a century no new houses have been built in the Sut .ex (England) village of Slindon. Alber Burch, Wes Toledo, Ohio, says: "Hall's Catarrh Cure saved my life." Write him for particulars. Sold by Druggists, 75e. The man who lias made a fortune has a profound contempt for the man who has in nerited one, and vice versa. Tlso's Curs for Consumption Is an Infallible medicine for coughs und colds.—N. W. Samuel, Ocean Grove, N. J., Feb. 17, 1900. The only heroes whose reputations are tale are the dead ones f My Hair BncoCTrTmsuarmnsiarsiasKieenmnßl "I had a very severe siskness that took off all my hair. I pur chased a bottle or Ayer's Hair Vigor and it brought all my hair back again." W. D. Quinn, Marseilles, 111. One thing is certain, — I Ayer's Hair Vigor makes the hair grow. This is because it is a hair food. It feeds the hair and the hair grows, that's all there is to it. It stops falling of the hair, too, and al ways restores color to V gray hair. > SI.OO a bottle. All dracglfts. •If your druggist cannot supply you, ■end us one dollar and we will express you a bottio. lie sure and give the name of your nearest ex press office. Address, J. C. AYER CO., Lowell, Mats. Bm iii i nll hillll - 1 11H i i ll mi 11 —ill— Liver Pills That's what you need; some thing to cure your bilious ness. You need Ayer's Pills. Want your moustache or beard a beautiful brown or rich black ? Use Buckingiiam'sDye 50cti of druggisljor R P Hal &Co . Naihua N H I FLICKERS? WHY S&fpß'S , OP COURSE! D \ |fi THE STANDARD BRAND OP I] j \ l WATERPROOF y J U OILED CLOTHING V ||| YOU HAVE ALWAYS BOUGHT. I ||j Made in black oryellow L- "ihteriala and sold with our warrant by reliable dealers everywhere. A. tl. TOWER CO.. BOSTON, MASS. BaTABLI.SHBP loag. , iVi lni'VSniil by tlruggjwta. 6 || j | DROPSY^OT^"^; mn — lloo* ot to iiiuioniaiA nud 10 days' treatment , Vr M - D*. a. 1L OKilta SfIOKS. Mum B, Atluu. Oa. I Thompson's Eyt Watsr ] Farm Topics? Keeping Cream Too Long. Do not keep eream too long before churning. Those who mix old and new cream (as is done where only one cow :s kept) may expect iaferior butter. Grit For Setting Hens. 1 Chickens at large can supply them selves with all the grit they require. Setting hens, especially those wbicli refuse to stay away from the nest I more than a few minutes at a time, . may run out of grinding material, especially where suitable material is not abundant. In such eases It would : he well to furnish them a convenient 1 supply, but not pounded glass nor 1 crockery ware, which is dangerous.— Farm nud Ranch. The Place For Neuti. Nests belong in quiet, retired places, and should always be situated to avoid . n draught, especially Is this true of | ; nests 011 the floor. Many poultrymen j cannot understand why It Is that their pullets should start In laying nicely 111 late fall or early winter only to con tract a cold and then stop. Draughty nests are at the bottom of this, for nothing In chickendom more readily contracts a cold than a chicken in tho first flush of luyiug. A Bee llouHff. I make It In sections of ten feet be tween posts, and X put five hives on each side or one hive to a foot of length, allowing eight Inches between the hives. If all are painted white the bees could not tell their own home, so 1 put six-ineh figures on the hives, nslng just common shoe blacking with Stencils. I find the figures very conve nient In keeping a record, for the bees ore Just like men; some are good work ers and some are lazy. I make a rec prd of the extra good and also of tho poor ones, and the next season make divisions from the best to replace the poor ones, so with care I can breed up my stock instead of letting it run down as some do.—Beekeeper, In The Epi tomlst A Substantial Poultry House. I built a poultry house sixty-four feet long, twelve feet wide and seven feet to eaves. It was boarded up and down with one-iueli rough hoards. The roof was of boards laid from peak to eaves. Cracks on root' and sides were covered with three-inch strips. The building faced south and one end for brooder house, sixteen feet long, has tight board partition between It nnd balance of house. There were four compart ments separated by poultry netting, nnd alleyway three feet wide on north side, full length of building. Each of the four pens are thus nine by twelve feet, intended for fifteen Plymouth Roelc hens or twelve Light Brahma. Roosts are four feet from floor on north side of pen, with platform under roosts to catch droppings, and drop pings can be scraped out and gathered while a person stands In alleyway. A gang plank runs up to roosts. Nest boxes are under roosts. Each pen has a run twelve by fifty feet inclosed with four-foot netting. ' The Items of expense incurred were l ns follows: 3012 feet gum lumber at : sll, $39.73; 100 pounds nails, $3.30; six single window sash, $2.25; hinges and latches, sixty cents; one roll, 150 run ning feet, four-foot wide netting, $2.70; enrpenter work, $11; making for house nlone, $59.78; three rolls poultry net ting for yards, $8.10; eighteen fence posts, ninety cents; labor, making fence, $3, making total cost $71.78. Frank C. Hastings, in Orange Judd Farmer. A Cheaply Made Grain Chuto. In a great many farm barns the feed ing grain is kept on the upper floor, and all that is fed out is carried dowu In one way or another. My barn is so arranged and in the basement there is no suitable space for a graiu bin. As a way out of the difficulty I put in some grain chutes to run from the bins above as shown in the accompanying cut. In some eases the chuto could be allowed Wo drop directly from the bin übove without auy joints. Under few circum stances will a chute with less than half pitch be satisfactory. Oats will run through such a pitch with little diffi culty. Wheat or rye will follow even a less slant, but with bulky stuff like ground feed there is considerable dan ger of clogging. I The interior of the eliute ought not to be much less than six inches square; six by eight would be even better. The , interior should be free from all obstruc- j tlons. Tho hopper-shaped device just under the bin Is quite necessary with oats and ground feed to give greater headway. The cut-off, n, is an ordinary draw supported by two clouts oil either side. Au extension is also made to the rear board of the chute so that it pro jects about half an inch outward, thus giving chalice for holding n bng if ■ necessary.—C. P. Reynolds, in Ameri can Agriculturist I FIRST AMERICAN PATENT. Voieph Jenkl, "Wlio Waa R-nownad fit His Inventive Genius. To an English machinist, Joseph Jenks, belongs the honor of having secured the first American patent. A blacksmith in Hammersmith, England, ill 1643, he was a man of great renown, says the Scientific American, by reason of his inventive skill In the art of ; making machines. Emigrating to the I Colony of Massachusetts In the fall ot j 1643, about the same time that Rev, Johu Harvard arrived, he settled in Lyun. This man Jenks cut the dies Cor the coining of the old colonial "pine tree" money. He also invented the Urst apparatus for extinguishing fires, a kind of primitive hand-pump on wheels. His application for a patent on a water-power device for mills was granted by the colonial Court, and Is probably the first patent on record in America. The Court had jurisdiction over the Massachusetts Bay Colony, embracing nearly all ot New England at that time. The limit of the monopoly was fourteen years, nnd the Court retained not only power i to forbid exportation, but also power ! to prevent exorbitant charges made upon the public. The patent was is sued iu this form: "At a general Courte at Boston the 6tli of the 3rd Mo. 1648. The cor't considlnge ye necessity of engins of mils to go by water for speedy dis patch of much worke with few hands, and being sufficiently informed of ye ability of ye petition to performe such workes grant his petition (yet no other person shall set up or use auy such new invention, or trade for 14 years without ye licence of him the said Jo seph Jenkes) so farr as concerns any such new invention, & so It shall be always In ye power of this co'te to restrain ye exportation of such manu factures & ye prizes of them to mod eration if occasion to require." WISE WORDS. There is no blessing equal to the possession of a stout heart.—Smiles. Where the best things are not pos sible, the best should be made of those that are.—Hooker. Let him go where lie will, he caD only find so much beauty or worth as he carries.—Emerson. It is not mere endurance, but right endurance of aflliction that brings blessing.—J. H. Evans. There is one thing in the wide uni verse which is really valuable, and that is character.—John Todd. Humanity is never so beautiful as when praying for forgiveness; or else when forgiving another.—Richter. Failure, after long perscvernuce, is much grander than never to have a striving good enough to be called a failure.—George Eliot. Bind together your spare hours by the cord of some definite purpose, and you know not how much may he ac complished.—W. M. Taylor. Making Postal Cards. The manufacture of postal cards is an interesting process. From the paper mill millions of sheets, 30x50 laches in size, are brought to the pressroom and printed upon presses having a capacity of 1200 Impressions per hour. , The sheets, each containiug ninety cards, makes the capacity of the presses 100,- 000 au hour, or 1,000,000 a day. The new forms will, however, contain 110 plates, and the presses, which are to he put up in Maine, will have a greater hourly capacity; hence the dally output can be Increased. The slitter, which cuts the cards Into strips of ten cards each, Is operated by one man. After the large cards are slitted into strips of ten cards each they are taken to the cutting machines, which are operated by women. Here they arc fed through the cutting machines, three strips at a time, for eight times, and then one strip, making in all twenty-five cards which are dropped in bundles and banded by two girls, wlio occupy seats near the machines. Twenty of these packages of twenty-five cards are placed in a pasteboard box; these boxes next go to three young men, whose duty it is to put them in wooden boxes; the cards are stored away in the large fireproof vault to await shipment -to the various postoffices. Bird* Were Quito Fearless. When the white man first visited some of the Island of the Southern Hemisphere, he found that many of the animals, especially the birds, were absolutely fearless. Penguins, albat rosses and others paid no attention to the men as they walked along, and when It was desired to photograph a nest nnd eggs it was frequently neces sary to push the nesting albatross from the nest, the bird merely pecking at the intruder. Darwin describes doves at one island he visited as apparently unable to comprehend that man was an enemy. The birds could be shoved from the limbs before they moved, and even attempted to alight upon the heads of the men. In Ivergueleu Land the birds in some of the extensive rookeries refused to move as the men strode along, holding their ground and peeking so violently at the invaders that they were forced to bent a retreat. 1 These birds had never seen n man be fore, and failed to recognize him as aD enemy. ConYlcts In Belgium. Three-tenths of the earnings of a Belgian convict are given to him on the expiration of ills term of imprisonment. Some of them thus save more money In Jail than they have ever saved be fore. Mosquito Kjrg*. The mosquito eggs are, St Is said, hatched in from four to seven days, ac cording to the warmth of the weather. A Grass For Drifting Sands. Awnless bromo grass (bromus iner mis) "will be found excellent for use on drifting sands. It is a perennial, looks somewhat like blue grass and is suit able for light, dry, poor soils and re sists dry weather. About fifteen pounds of seed per acre should be used. It spreads by creeping underground stems or root stocks. It will not thrive an wet soils. While not as valuable as many other varieties, yet it serves well on light sandy soils upon which no other grass will grow. Arbor Trellis For Beans. I went into the woods and got a lot of poles and hazel sticks. Placed poles, previously pointed, at each end of the rows, pressing them into the ground about a foot or a little over so that they stood Ave feet out of the ground. On these upright poles I fastened with wire horizontal poles eight feet long. I then stuck a hazel stick close to each plant, leaning It against the polo above. I finished by laying hazel sticks six Inches apart on top of the poles, and then fastened all the stocks with their wire to the horizontal poles. Tlio beans could be easily trained to the thin sticks, and after reaching the top there was plenty of room for them to spread. Being only five feet high, the beans could be gathered without trouble.—C. Gross, in New England Homestead. A Valuable Insecticide. If a good quality of whale oil soap can be obtained it is a valuable insecti cide,, which may be used against the same kinds of insects as is kerosene emulsion. There is more danger to the foliage of the plnnts If used too fre quently that follows the use of kero /:ene emulsion. There is little danger from its use, though If the operator is very exact in all his preparations, and applications are made during a cool, cloudy or rainy season. For more re sistant plants the soapsuds may be formed by dissolving one pound of the soap In four gallons of water. More tender foliage requires dilutions up to one pound to eight gallons. Specific tests will, in most cases, have to deter mine the exact strength which the plants will withstand without injury, and at the same time prove effective against the insect. A Harrow \ot Stumpy Ground. It would be better not to have any stumps to work around, and every good farmer is goiug to get rid of thorn as soon as he can, but meanwhile a hinged harrow might be some comfort. The advantage of this one is that it is cy hinged front and back, and is easily folded and lifted over any stump. It is necessary to have the hinges extra strong, as it is intended for very rough work. The same precaution is neces sary in regard to the timbers and the teeth, as they are liable to catch nud receive the whole strength of the team. -John Jackson, in The Epitomist Fight ins: Insects and Pests. The fruit grower to-day must be a successful fighter of insects and all pests of trees and vines, and unless lie carries the war on intermittently he cannot expect profit. It is necessary to put aside a certain amount of money from profits every year to be expended on poisonous sprays for the following season. One must have a pretty fair knowledge of the nature of the differ ent insects most destructive to his par ticular fruits. This does not mean a scientific education. There are not more than half a dozen insects that threaten most fruits, and those can be studied so that one will know just when to look for the'r appearance, and how best to prevent their destructive work. Too many wait until it is too late to avert losses. The insects do not amount to much, so far ns destroying the crops this year Is concerned, but they belong to the species which come into the world to establish enormous broods for the next season. Millions of cocoons, larvae or eggs are quietly deposited on the ground, on leaves or twigs and under stones and trees. By the following sea sou the army of young ones which ap pear cannot be checked. They over whelm everything. It is impossible to keep them down with the most ap proved methods. The mistake was made when they were allowed to lay their eggs and larvae. This work must be prevented so far as possible. It is not probable that in any season we will utterly de stroy all Insects in the orchard or gar den, but by persistent spraying we can keep down their numbers so they will not prove a distinct menace, if we succeed in doing this we have accom plished much. Scientific spraying and systematic hunting for the insects and their larvae will in time bo rewarded. Larger and better fruit can be raised, and the profits will be correspondingly larger. Fruit raising without insect fighting is impossible. S. W. Cham bers, in American Cultivator. Every girl has her good points, and that's v.hv - ' '-.,w sets sUek on her, I "I SUFFERED TERRIBLY WITH FEMALE WEAKNESS;" SAYS MRS. ESTHER M. MILNER. " I Had the Headache Con- •*"'** tinually—Could Not Do My : * Work--Pe-ru-na Cured." • Wfewf■J Esther M. Milner, DeGratl, J • "I wan a terrible euffrrer • E;, 1 l\ J from /emaleneakneeeandhad S km}:!,. oßf . -■ II * the headache continually. I ♦ BM'J[;!' ! j ( ,' i&SSv, j ''' tw 5 wan not able to do my house- • f mvi' $1 / tyni • 11 work for my husband and my- • >'• ti>; l 111® • I self. I wrote you and described • \l3 r;1 |h \ F . P/ • I my condition as near as pos- • IMllll'h iiiiilli iiiffik ~ iiliiMllt• flail V 2 1 bible. ¥ou recommended fe- * SM|I Hl' IH 1 1 >/ • ' runa. I took four bottles and J \j!lI Ijiii!'•['>' • was completely cured. I think • \ffiil!• Peruna a wonderful medicine 2 /Z <i • and have recommended it to | V\ tyfpF Vffift * my friends with best results.'* • \\v H' S Lit//T \ M • —Mrs. E. id. Milne v. • VV > A ISAM • I mS. esrhtß 1 2 Mamie Groth, Platteville, • M. MILNER. jAi # ful girl's thanks for the wonderful *•••••••••••••••••••••• • ful nelp 1 have received through • • the use of Peruna. Although 1 looked well free of charge. If • • and strong I have for several years suf- you are suffering • * fered with frequent backache, and would from any female *••••••••••••••••* for several days have splitting headaches, derangement write I did not wish to fill my system with pois- him a description of your symptoms and he onous drugs, and so when several of my will give you the benefit of his experience friends advised me to take Peruna. I asked in the treatment of women's diseases, my physician what he thought ot it. He If you do not derive prompt and satil recommendcd it, and 60 1 took it and am factory results from the use of Peruna, entirely without nain of any kind now/'— write at once to Dr. Hartman, giving a Miss Mamie Groth. full statement of your case and he will be Dr. S. B. Hartman, President of The pleased to give you his valuable advice Hartman Sanitarium, has had over fifty gratis. years' oxperience in the treatment of fe- Address Dr. Hartman, President of Tht male catarrhal diseases. He advises women Hartman Sanitarium, Columbus. O. [75 BABY'S | |jy& DELIGHT [ MOTHER'S | W J ] COMFORT I | r^OR IRRITATIONS,CHAFINGS.ITCHINGS, H H Rashes, Heat, Perspiration, Lameness, and Soreness no 1 U*• other application so soothing, cooling, and healing as a | jfj bath with CUTICURA SOAP, followed by gentle anoint- $ H ings with CUTICURA, the Great Skin Cure. It means instant | H relief for skin-tortured babies and rest for tired mothers. I PI No amount of persuasion can induce mothers who have once used 1$ ■ these great skin purifiers and beautifiers to use any others for pre- B serving, purifying, and beautifying the skin, scalp, hair, and hands H M of infants and children. CUTICURA SOAP combines delicate 59 gj emollient properties derived from CUTICURA, the great skin cure, M H with the purest of cleansing ingredients, and the most refreshing o f raj El flower odours. Together they form the only speedy, economical, Rj H and infallible cure of itching, scaly, and crusted humours, rashes, B raj and irritations of the skin, scalp, and hair from infancy to age. H FTL Sold throughout the world. British Depot: F. NRWDBRY ft SONS, *7 Charterhouse Sq. K? ■I London, E. C. POTTEK DRUG AND CHEMICAL CORPORATION, Sol Props., Boston, U. S.A! D CANADA'S GAME FIELDS. They Are in No Danger of Ever Be coming Game-Barren. To one who knows what the vast solitude of Northern Canada really mean the diead of game extermina tion seems rather- uncalled for. The latest census of Labrador gives it a population of one man to every 35 square miles. This can Hardly he called inconvenient crowding. There are almost as many persons in a sin gle East Side New York block as there are in the whole of Labrador. Why should game become extinct in this region? The numbers killed by man must surely be quite insignificant. The name conditions obtain in Northern Ontario, t'he greater part of the north west territories, and a very large part of British Columbia. The date is not far distant when there will not he sufficient game and to spare for the sportsman who is content to take the bitter with the swoet and to leave be hind the luxuriousness of the lashion ess oof the fashionable resort. SCIENTIFIC AGRICULTURE. Not Enough Attention Paid to It by Young Men. Secretary Wilson believes that not onough attention is paid to scientific agriculture by the colleges of to-day, and he has taken up the agitation of this matter ao a hobby. Wherever he makes a speech, he tell 3 his hearers that this department utilizes the ser vices of every young man it can find who has a thorough training in some branch of scientific agriculture. There ,1s a great demamtfor this kind of ser vice, and the department has the ut most difficulty in holding on to its ex perts because of the growing outside calls that are being made on them. There are about 2,000 people In the de partment of agriculture who ate en gaged in scientific agriculture work, yet hardly one of them came into the government service fully equipped. There are some fifty agricultural col legos Jn the country calling for com petent teachers, and some 60 or 70 agricultural experiment stations where there Is always an opening for a trained scientist. Manufactures Artificial Marble. A new process for the manufacture of artificial farble has been patented In Berlin, Germany. Asbestos dyeing materials, shellac and ashes are pound ed into a stiff mass and subjected to high pressure. The product is sur prisingly rich and tough, not brittle, is easily worked by means of tools, can j be given a tine polish, and In appear- i ance cannot be distinguished from the genuine marble. I For years I had been a sufferer witb chronic stomach trouble, pressure of gus and distress of my bowels. I contracted what the doctor pronounced a low type of malaria. I could not take solid food at all, and only a very little of the light est diet would create fever and vomit ing. The druggist sent me a box of Ki pans Tabules, saying he sold more Ri pans than anything else for stomach | trouble. I not only found relief, but be lieve I have been permanently cured. At druggists. The Five-Cent packet is enough for an ordinary occasion. The family bottle, 60 cents, contains a supply for a year. NOTKE DAME. INDIANA. Fl7Mi COURSES IN Classics. J,offer*. I.couoinii'N and History, .1 o;irnnli- in, Art, Heienco Pharmacy, lAw, Civil, dice linnl enl uml Electric 1 Ftißiiieeriiitf, Arcliltec j Thorough Prciiaratory anil Coinmerrlal it on in* Free to all students who have com rleleil the studies required for admiiu4on ito the Jnnior or Senior Year of any of the OoUoßiate Rooms to Rent, moderate Chance to students over seventeen preparing for Collegiate Courses. A limited number of Caudldatce for tlie Ecclesi astical state will bo received at apeoiiil rates. St. i-:<ltvnr<i*M Ilnll, for boys under i:t years, ti unique in the completeness of fta equipment. Ihe OOtli Year will open Soiitfsilirr 9, 1902. Catalogues Free. Artilrr.su lUSV. A. IIIOKUISSEY. C. S. C- President. Geonlne stamped CC C. Never sold In hoik. Beware of the dealer who tries to sell "something just as good." r. H. U. ss, V 2.