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FROM THE MARKET PLACE.
To lift tlie burden from the weak and old. To ease the load, give honest work tor gold That those we love may live; bravely to stand Within the market place, with heart and hand As true and strong as when in other days We sewed and spun, and trod sweet house hold ways May bo our woman's part. Yet do we prize Xot less our power to help, to sympathize, To love and bless. We face the life we find In our own day, care not to look behind Or waste the hours in grieving that our lot Is cast in times when labor cries, "Spare not." Bearing in patience the contemptuous stone Flung off by tlmse who dream, and have not known, So will we live and work, be -stout of heart,; Nor fear to lose through toil the better part. —Sara G. Small, in Boston Transcript. 00090000000C500000000000G0 I A PREMATURE § § EXPLOSION. § $300300000390000000000000 IT was an evil day for Green County when Bill Ockerson became Sheriff, though his first term brought no suspicion of Ids real villainy. Some odium came upon him when he took up with Chet Higgles, the "cowboy lawyer," who wanted to be judge, but by the time public opposition was aroused iu Sandstone Higgins had won and the Judge and the Sheriff com menced to run things with a high hand. Sandstone was the county seat and the only place in the county iu which Ockerson and Higgins were fully aud knowingly feared and hated. The decent cowmen of Green made up a minority which the Sheriff and ibis side partner, Judge Higgins, quick ly set about reducing to a powerless and scattered handful. Men who had •borne good reputations were made the scapegoats for the Sheriff's lawless pets, drunken ruffians shot up the towns, insulted women and terrified the townsfolk with impunity. But let a sheepman, a miner or a tenderfoot so much as invito the suspicion or arouse the wrath of a cattlemau, and the vengeance of '"(he law" was swift and sure. If Ockerson brought in an occasional horse thief or robber, Judge Higglns never failed to soften his punishment or remit his sentence. But if an ac cused, suspected or "probable" law breaker was shot down in ids tracks by the unerring weapon of the Sheriff, It always transpired that the victim was either a sheepman or one of those hesitating characters who had failed to countenance and support the officers in authority. Meanwhile the good peo ple of Sandstone, in abject terror of their Sheriff, were secretly plotting for bis removal. Like most good folks, they were neither adept nor at case with the weapons of the desperado. The Rev. Throckmorton, a brave young pastor, had dared to arraign both Sheriff and Judge from his little pulpit one Sunday, while a squad of howling rowdies were galloping and shooting through the street. But his frame church burned down that night and put an end to the hope of organized opposition. Doc Jeff Peterson, the Coroner, had secretly looked up the records of Ock erson and Higgins. He knew that the Judge had studied law while serving n long term in the Missouri penitentiary, and that the Sheriff's picture had orna mented the grllery at Topeka, but be yond whispered conferences behind locked doors with Deacon Lusk and some of the leading merchants nothing came of the information. It was in March that seven steers were driven_ away from the Lynx River botfoms and Tom Harkness of Diamond Y outfit came into Sandstone to get the Sheriff and posse after the thieves. Harkness was an utter rogue, but he had seen two men on foot herding the steers northward, and Ock erson, with half a dozen picked men of his own style, set out 1n pursuit. The next morning at daybreak while they were salting their herd, Henry Etling and his partner, a Dutchman named Caspar, were surprised and scared to find a strange steer inside their fence. They found where the wire had been cut and mended, and the hoof-prints of the horse outside where the beef had been driven into their enclosure. Back of their shack in a pile near the fence they found nine fresh hides. "A stall for cow thieves!" said Et ling, a nervous little sheep man, who had lost many a sheep to the wire cut ters and know the Sheriff for what lie was. "Let's hike for the bottoms, Caspar. Ockerson will never take us in alive." They drove the steer out through the house corral, and in ten minutes were scampering to cover in the cottonwood thickets of the river bottom. At 0 o'clock tlie Sheriff and his posse found the cow and followed its trail to Et llng's. The hides were picked up as evidence. The officers scoured the neighborhood for the runaways, and, not finding them, burned down the Jhack and the feed shelter, cut the wire fences and drove back toward town with a hundred head of mutton. The sheep never reached the pound, how ever, for Tom Harkness circled them away from the settlements and headed them for Lynx River. The recovered steei- was corralled in Ockerson's yard, and a charge of cattle stealing fixed by Judge Higgins against "Henry Et ling and one Caspar, sheep ranchers, in township 11, Green County, etc." This story soon filtered into Sandstone and great was the suppressed indigna tion which it aroused. Doc Peterson thought of asking for Federal aid in suppressing the twin tyrants of Green County, but nobody else seemed to be able to contrive a measure sufficiently practical and daring for the task. Mea&vrbile the Sheriff and the Judge, tvlio had openly entered into an alli ance which included commercial a> well as legal supremacy, were engaged iu enlarging and improving a combina tion livery stable und feed yard, in which they were equally interested. The project under way was the sink ing of a well, but the deep-rooted dislike and suspicion in which they were both held by the townsfolk made it necessary for them to do most of the work themselves. They took turns be low digging at the clay or drilling into the rocky strata, but were hard put to find a steady man who would man the windlass which lifted the dirt and de bris and the diggers themselves from* (he well. On Monday morning, how ever, a stranger struck town in search of work. He was a red-faced, pussy German, with bulging blue eyes, very silent but very good-natured. So OeU erson hired him, and from S in the morning till 5 iu the evening, with but an hour for rest at noon, he had tugged and panted at the rough handle of the windlass. That hour he had spent in a most extraordinary manner, for Doc Peterson had watched him stroll down the main street to the edge of town and then run like a cottontail for the woods half a mile away. How ever, he was hack at his post at 1 o'clock and the work went on in silence. At 5 o'clock Ockerson came up in the bucket. "I got the drill in about Ave Inches," he said to Hlgglns, who was ready to descend. "I think the next blast will fetqh her. Better make n deep hole this time and drop in two sticks o' dyn- j amite. It won't take morn' half an ! hour, Jedge." "All right, Oek," said the Judge, get ting into the bucket with an admoni tory "Easy, easy, meinherr!" At 5.80 from the depths of the well j came tile worker's voice: "Hi, up there! Get ready to hist." "Put in a two-minute fuse, Jedge!" shouted the Sheriff, peering down into the well. "How deep's the drill?" "Twelve Inches," was the answer. There was silence for live minutes, Ockerson leaning over the brink of the abyss, the German at the handle wait ing for the word. A little man with an old-fashioned musket had come up un noticed and was sitting on a heap of stones just behind the German. He said nothing. The far worker at the windlass eyed him with vacant, watery • eyes. "Are you ready, mein herr?" came j the voice of Judge Higgins. "All ready!" cried the German. Peering Into the black abyss Sheriff j Ockerson could see the flash of a ' match and then the red sputter of the | fuse. The windlass creaked as the j German bent to his task, but Ockerson, leaning over, was saying: "I'll bet j she'll come in to-night, Jedge." "Hope so," answered the voice rising j swiftly toward the surface. "I piled | all the loose' rocks ever the dynamite | and packed it down with clay. Bet the ! shot'U wreck the " ills head was almost level with the surface, but he did not finish the sen tence. The sudden shot of a gnu near the German's ear caused him to drop the handle. Down went man and bucket with a scream and a crash. Ockerson turned swiftly round and saw Henry Etling, the little sheep man, just poising a ragged rock. Be fore the Sheriff could dodge it struck him full in the face. He never heard the awful explosion that followed in the weil, nor felt the final crash of an other stone which the wiry little Et ling dropped upon his head. In five minutes the whole town was running Into tile corral, crowding round the the well. They found the Dutchman almost hysterical with fright; Ocker son quite dead, but from the smoke vomiting orifice In the earth came no sound but the rush and gurgle of water as the well "came In." Nor did anyone see the little sheep man in Sandstone again, though his shnek is rebuilt and Ills Dutch partner lives with him in nil the serenity of peace ful toll and an unruffled conscience. As for Doc Peterson, the Coroner, he Is very proud of his first verdict, which was "Death by a premature explosion on the part of Judge Chet Higgins, and by a fragment of flying rock on the part of Sheriff Bill Ockerson, both be ing brought about by the accidental discharge of a gun in the hands of a party or parties to us unknown."—John If. Itnftery, in the Chicago Kceord- Herald. Hot Water For Indigestion. In some cases, where the hot water cure for indigestion is used with dis cretion, there is really much benetit from it. says Good Housekeeping, lieu hot water is taken to excess often at such a temperature as to scald the tongue and palate lu drinking It, instead of curing indigestion it will make it worse. The stomach does Its work to best advantage when food neither very much above nor below the normal temperature of the human body is consigned to it. The scalding fluid, which after a while can be borne by the hot water habitue. Is liable to almost parboil the tender gastric glands, treating tbem three or four times a day to a shock as unnatural as would be inflicted by the ice water douche. Cobbled on the Veldt. We saw a short time since a pair of boots made by a Boer on the veldt. They were shapely, the uppers were of pood, pliable leather and the soles hard. The eyelets had been carefully extracted from an old pair of boots. Evidently no sprigs were available for Hxing the sole, so bits of telegraph wire had been cut They were not pointed, but had been inserted Into punched holes aud riveted iuside and out.—Mafeking (South Africa) Mail. jj Farm Topics jj Shade For Hogg. Bo suro mid have a plot of trees in the pasture for liogs to lie under dur ing the hot months. If trees are not available, put up a low board shed open on at least three sides. This will pre vent much suffering antl the hogs will do much better. A shndeless pasture from 10 to 3 o'clock on a liot summer's day is the very worst place for hogs. Nothing to CSnin. There is nothing to gain during a dry period by keeping the cows on a pas ture that has been injured for lack of rain. The cattle will be compelled to travel over a great portion of the pas ture In order to find food, and this leads to Injury of the grass by tramp ling. The better plan is to remove tue cattle and allow the grass an opportu nity to renew Its growth. Cultivation Land In Summer. Instead of the usual cover crops some farmers prefer to have the land culti vated in summer, thus killing weeds and permitting moisture and air to en ter the soil, the stirring of the soil pro tecting the roots of trees. Late in the summer, about August, or after danger of drought is over, clover is seeded and loft until spring, the scarlet or crimson clover being preferred. If the land is left in sod as a clover crop it is claimed that the demands of the grass crop for moisture and plant food in summer in jures the trees. Improvement by Selection. Improvement by selectiou has made the live stock of this country much more valuable. It was once supposed that a three-minute gait In trotting was very fast, and the four-mile run ning horses would barely accomplish that distance in eight minutes. A six ty-pound sheep was large, and the ra eor-bnek hog was on every farm. To day we have trotting horses that have gotten close to a mile in two minutes, the runner has nearly reached a min ute and a half, while sheep weighing 400 pounds alive are not rare, Tli line of Trap Nests. The use of the trap nests In the poul try house is considerable trouble, en tailing as it does the marking of the hens that they may be correctly identi fied, and frequent visits to release those that have laid, and the keeping a record of the eggs from each, hut we think it should he profitable to one who keeps many fowl. It distinguishes the workers from tile drones, that do not pay their feed. It tells which lay best when eggs are highest priced. It ena bles one to know which give the eggs with dark shell and which with light colored or white shells, and when the time comes for hatching, if there is a hen whose eggs are largely infertile she can be selected out for some other purpose than raising chickens from her. All these points combined may have a great deal to do with deciding i the question of profit or loss, as the I least profitable ones can be weeded out.—The Cultivator. Maintenance nation For Iforftes. Just how much rough feed is re quired to maintain a horse was studied at the Wyoming Experiment Station, and it was found that for idle horses thirteen and three-quarter pounds of alfalfa hay and two and a quartet pounds of oats straw dally was suffi cient to keep a horse weighing 1000 pounds. On this ration the four horses in the experiment maintained their weight with what little exercise they were inclined to take. The station be lieves that horses cannot only be main tained upon this, but that the ration Is sufficient for light work. In diges tion experiments at the North Carolina Station, it wns found that there was a higher digestibility of carbohy drates when rations rich In easily di gestible protein were submitted for ex periment. The protein from alfalfa hay may fulfill the same conditions. In such ense there would be more pounds of carbohydrates digested from the straw in the above ration and the nutritive substance would be correspondingly increased. A "Tip-Up** Device. A lot of dry loam or sawdust ought to be put into the barn to absorb mois ture in the dressing. Have bins at the rear of the cows, if there is space, and have covers that can be raised to a level, and held so by inside cleats, as shown. This serves as a shelf on which milk pails can be set. This matter of absorbents is not fully appreciated, or we should see a greater effort in the fall of the year to get in a supply for winter. Where there are neither manure cellars be neath the cattle nor tight manure gut ters behind them near by, nearly or quite half of the value of the stable dressing will be lost. With a good sup ply of absorbents all the manure will be saved, the stable will be kept neatbr and the air purer. If dry loam or saw dust is not at hand it will pay to go to the woods and secure a supply of dry leaves. Not only will these make a good bed for the cows and prove a good absorbent, but the decay of thu leaves also will add not a little fertll- I Ity to the manure pile, and eventually to the soil.—New York Tribune Farmer, MAN'S FORCCTFULNESS. p welling I*luces Which Ki.se on Sites • I <*reat Disasters. I Much has been said of the audacity of man in building his home in spots so dangerous as the slopes of Mont Pelee have proved themselves to be. Yet, says tile Providence Journal, all history affords illustrations of the calm forgotfulness with which the race erects Its dwelling places on the sites of the most dreadful catastrophes. Ve suvius still smokes ovei peaceful Naples. Lisbon rises, beautiful and imposing, where a "convulsion of na ture" once brought unutterable fright and desolation. The Japanese still crowd the coasts of their tide-swept islands and the Chinese buddlt along the banks of the lloang-Ho. It is not two years since Galvestoi was overwhelmed by Hood, yet a new Gal veston is being built on the dangerous site of the Wreckage and the people of the city are ready to take tlieit chances of a similar disaster in the future. There is absolutely nothing to prevent a second tidal wave from tbt Gulf, yet the city pursues its dally task, apparently unafraid. Men in hazard ous enterprises continm in them, be cause they offer something more than a living wage. Manufacturing pro cesses that require the constant inhala tion of noxious gnses or dangerous dusts pay high prices for labor and have no difficulty in obtaining recruits. We live in unsanitary houses, with death and disease staring at us from every corner, and yet shudder at the line audacity of people who are willing to spend their days beneath the curling smoke of n long-smouldering volcano, The fact is that in the less healthy districts of the crowded cities of the United States, where ventilation is had and drainage deficient and disease germs are abundant, a man is exposed to greater risks than the dwellers on the islands of the West Indies. What the Basket Contained* The thin man looked just as If everybody in the world imposed on him. Even his mustache grew crooked. He came into the car of the suburban train sidewise, deposited his basket gingerly and slid into tin seat beside it. As soon as the train cleared the tunnel, the basket, meowed. Th thin man smiled back at tin man across the aisle, and gave the basket a shake. Anotbet meow. A little girl In the seat in front stood, up on the cushion and peered at the basket. "Like cats?" the thin man asked. "Yep," the child answered. "Lemme see it." "No; it might get away," the thin man said with another smile. The basket preserved silence for several minutes, then it began to cluck. The child's eyes opc-ned wide. "Like chickens?" the thin man asked. Before the child could reply, tlie basket emitted a shrill whistle, and the man across the aisle, whose face was as puzzled as the child's, asked: "What have you there, anyhow?" "Mocking-bird," the tldu man an j swered,—New York Post. W neliliicton Still Champion. Grant Litchfield, of Ohio, tried to per form n feat which, according to tradi tion. has never been accomplished hut by George Washington. Young Litch field. watched by hundreds, attempted to scale the steep side of the cliff which forms part of the Natural Bridge in order that he. might carve his name at the top. He is a man of unusual strength and activity, and he succeed ed In ascending fifty feet by clinging to the crevices in the rock and the vegetation growing therefrom. Above that point the cliff rears it self naked and almost perpendicular. Here his heart failed him. and lie turned to descend. He had gone only a short distance when the treacherous rock crumbled beneath his feet, antl he fell headlong, turning over and over in his descent. He rose to his feet unaided and an examination showed that he had only a few bruises. He announced later that Washington might keep the championship belt.— New York Sun. The Joyous Farmer. This is the season of the year that tht farmer arises at four a. in., builds the fires, milks the cows, feeds the horses, slops the pigs, waters the ducks, awakens the hired girl at five a. ui., eats breakfast, harnesses the horses, plows till noon, eats dluner and reads a letter from his sou, who is In college, calling for sl7 more for "neces sary expenses." resumes his plowing till five p. m. eats supper, then plows till sundown, puts the horses to bed. milks the cows, goes to town to at tend the meeting and to send the money to his son, returns home and goes to bed at eleven p. m.—Council Bluffs (Iowa) Nonpareil. An Kaay Solution. The speech was hitler, hut Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, in making it, endeavored to he genial, and told one admirable story of ths advice given by an Englishman, a Scotchman and an Irishman respectively to n gentle man whose servant was constantly breaking articles in the household. The Englishman, in his blunt, honest way said to the employer, "O. get rid of him— dismiss him." The Scotch man's advice was, "Stop the money out of his wages." "But," said the master, "he breaks more than his wages amount to." "Then," said the Irishman, "raise his wages."-Spec tator. Gutta-Fercha. The Government of tht Malay Pen insula Is planting gutta-percha trees on I a large scale, and it will not be neces sary to cut them down, as gutta-per- I cha can now be extracted from the j leaves and twigs without injury to the trees. Antiquity of Irrigation. ' By Hon. Francis G. Newlands. Representative From Nevada. is tht iuost ancient art of which we bare any record. It was tbe beginning of civilization. • A • The first agriculture was accomplished tbrougb irrigation. J •JL J was commenced, according to .scientists wtio ha\e studied fJL Jfche records of primitive man, under conditions of great aridity, •••• and the civilized cities of tbe ancients were either on tbe edge of or in tbe deserts. The earliest civilization of America indelibly stamped its impress on Art' zona and New Mexico, wliere to-day are to be found tbe ruins of tbe cities and great irrigation works which flourished thousands of years before Colum bus discovered America. Almost all the ancient civilizations which history records were based upon irrigation, and irrigation is to-day practiced in more than half of the world. s England has expended $300,000,000 in India on irrigation works, which have done much to render more certain the crops of that region. England is to-day spending millions of dollars on the Nile in extending the area of irri gation. A German company is preparing to enter upon the work of restoring cul tivation in the plains of Mesopotamia, near the Tigris and the Euphrates Rivers, in which were situated the cities of Babylon and Niuevah. surrounded by the most fruitful culfivation produced by the utilization of the waters of those rivers. Doubtless some barbaric tribe swept down from the north and destroyed or reduced to subjection the civilized peoples occupying them, and, being'' unaccustomed to agriculture, allowed them gradually to drift back into des sert, from which German enterprise is again to rescue them. The Anglo-Saxon invasion of this country began in the opposite The humid lands were settled first. The Atlantic seaboard was dotted with r homes and farms as the axman cut his way into the primeval forest. This great land-seeking movement went as far west as the 100 th meridian. There it was obstructed by the lack of rainfall. In all this settlement of a continent the home builder had found in the main good farming land with sufficient rainfall to grow and mature crops. He knew nothing of irrigation. But in Western Kansas and Nebraska the rainfall was found to be in sufficient for agriculture, and there the great tide of home setting was halted, until the Anglo-Saxon, realizing that rivers flowing from the snow-clad peaks of the Rocky Mountains carried vast volumes of water to the seas, which if spread over the desert plains would make them fruitful, and beginning again where the forgotten peoples of thousands of years ago left off, took up the problem of diverting these waters over the arid plains and spreading them upon thirsty lands for the purpose of growing crops. jZ? Women as Peacemakers. By Sir Edwin Arnold. f T ls a curious f act t0 reflect upon that women, if they were so J j | t minded and were resolute and united, could probably make upi- M 5 I j versal peace sooner and more certainly than if all the powers had E the millennium for their policy. Dr. Bushy said wisely and truly when reproached for wearing his hat before the King, that in the school room he was the greatest man In the realm, "Because," quoth he, "I govern the boys; the hoys govern tiie mothers, and the mothers govern the men in authority." Now and again women have shown examples of their irresistible strength as peacemakers. If women were aware of their power there is many a war which they could and would stop in some way or other. As for the methods to be em ployed, there is no need to enter upon those; it is enough that she who rocks the cradle rules the world, and the proverb says with truth that that which women wish the gods also wish. The difference between war and peace for them is greater than It ls for men. One of our most famous paiuters loft behind him a pair of masterly canvases, which put the contrast between peace nnd war in eloquent colors. By one was depicted the shattered gate way of a besieged city, amid the smoking ruins of which, together with many other signs of fierce combat, lay the dead body of a gallant cavalry officer, his silver helmet shattered and his uniform laced with his lifeblood, while at his side his splendid warhorse was breathing out its lite from panting and foamy nostrils. The companion work showed a lovely landscape bj the sea shore, with children playing among the wild flowers, a placid sea rippling in silver upon the yellow sands, and the happy life of a neighboring fishfugji town going forward in the middle distance, with many a charming group rural people and pursuits. In the foreground an old piece of artillery, dis mounted and rusty, lay half buried in the grass and poppies, while a young lamb, lying down in front of the disused gun, was lazily nibbling at a bunch af daisies and buttercups which one of the children had placed in the muzzle at tiie piece. What woman is there who would not feel and respond to the Ideas suggested by the artist! What is Your Money's Message? By O. S. Marden, Editor of Success. HAT does your money say to you? What message does it bring? Wis It one of hope, of culture, of soul-growth, of education, of op portunity to help others, or is It a message suggesting more lands, more thousands for yourself? Does it bring a message of generosity or of meanness; of broader manhood, or of more selfish cxclusiveuess; of larger alms, or of lower ideals? The character of the answer to these measures the worth of your career. * - If your success does not mean opening wider the door of op portunity to those about you; if it does not mean encouragement, inspiration, and helpfulness to those who are struggling to get up in the world; if it does not mean a wider outlook upon life, a truer measure of real values, you have missed the higher meaning of life and have failed to catch the keynote of the great harmony of the universe. What if you have gathered money. If you have starved the mind; what If you have broad acres. If you have a nurrow intellect; what are houses, stocks and bonds to a man too small, mean and narrow to use them wisely? What If you have reached the top of the ladder yourself, if you have crowded others off and kicked the ladder down after your own ascent! Is this suc cess?—to keep others back? No man climbs the ladder successfully who does not grasp firmly and helpfully the hands of others who are crippled and handicapped la their climbing. When riches beget greed, they become perfectly useless, The man who possesses them creates animosity among his fellow beings while his own life ls a burden. The man who mounts the ladder alone without trying to help others lacks the warmth of human sympathy, the touch of helpfulness, the quality of humanity. u What the Atmos- * phere is Made Of By Charles Morris. CfiTOtre'CrHE first rude shock to the prevailing ideas concerning the atmos- SntTOUU phere was given in 1774, when Priestly discovered it in the very SSrpDfi active element, oxygen. Two years later he added to this the TO I nn * ia9slvc ' lement . nitrogen, and the two main constituents of the (TO nH the lnvlsible air became captives of science. To these new ele- TOTOTO ments the old IJeas elun S for a time. Oxygen was named by its UTOTTTO discoverer dephlogisticated air. It lacked phlogiston, the fancied lire element, and sought it with eager appetite In whatever it touched. It was believed to be saturated with phlogiston, and therefore fatal to flame. While oxygea combined briskly with almost all the elements nitrogen refused to combine at all except under great provocation. Though Intimately mingled in the atmosphere, these elements were as unlike in char acter as two substances could well be. J No long time passed before a third substance was found in the atmos \ phere, this time not a chemical element, but the compound gas, carbonic acid. While not great in quantity, it proved to be indispensable in quality since all the world of living things is dependent upon it for existence Inim ical as it ls, when In large quantity, to animal life, without it there could be no life at all, and the earth would be a dead and barren expanse For tbe plant world gains from this gas its foundation of carbon, and is thus enabled lo lay up those stores of food upon which the animal world depends -r in plucatt.