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MAKING BIG TRAYS.
A Method of Making Ones That Art Absolutely Waterproof. The development of bromide en largements and the use of large sized plates render necessary dishes of a size which are very expensive to pur chase and often very unmanageable on account of their excessive weight, especially if they are of glass or por celain. In consequences of the ex % peuse home-made trays are often em ployed, but these are very likely to leak and then become very bother some. Perhaps the most general ex pedient is the lining of a wooden tray with oilcloth or sheet rubber, but such a tray usually has wrinkles and folds on the bottom., and hence is not par ticularly economical of solutions, be sides being very likely t leak. Sheet lead may be employed as a lining, but the trays then become very heavy, A process frequently advocated is the painting of the inside of a wooden tray with asphaltum to make it water tight. In order to make this effec tive, several thin coats iftust be given, with thorough drying between, and it will then be found that he asphaltum will not -resist the prolonged action of photographic chemicals. The pro cess which we found to be most effec tual is to paint the tray with a coat of glue to which has been added 5 or ■ 6 per cent of bichromate of potasium. By exposing to sunlight for two or three hours, the coating becomes ab solutely waterproof. We usually give three or four coats of glue, with thor ough sqnning after each, and find that, the resulting tray leaves little to be desired for lightness and durability. Charging Women Less Than Men. At the old-fashioned inns and res taurants in Sweden it is customary to charge less for women than for men on the theory that they do not eat so much. At some hotels in Sweden a man and a wife are charged as one and one-half persons if they occupy the same room. A husband and wife may travel as one and one-half per sons by railway, and also by the post routes, furnishing their own car riage. i Hall's Catarrh Cure is a liquid and Is taken I Internally, and acts directly on the blood J and mucous surfaces of the system. Write for testimonials, free. Manufactured by P. J. CUKKEY A Co., Toledo, O. The largest coral reef in the world is the Australian barrier reef, which is 1100 milea in length. FITS permanently cured.No fits or nervous ness after first day s use of Dr. Kline's Great NervoJlestorer. $-trial bottle and troatisefreo Dr.lt. H. KLINE, Ltd., 031 Arch St., Phila., Pa. France's 16,000 doctors average less than $750 a year professional income. Mrs.Winslow's Soothing Syrup forchildron teething,soften the gums, reduces inflamma tion,allays pain, cures wind colic. 25c. a bottle It's the tiresome people who bore their way through life. lam suro Piso's Cure for Consumption saved my life three years ago.—Mns. THOMAS HOB BINS, MupJe St., Norwich, N. Y., Fob. 17,1300. There is a difference between being out spoken and being out-talked. PUTNAM FADELESS DYES color more Wgouds, per package, than others. * Some people love their neighbors for what they can get out of them. My Lungs "An attack of la grippe left me with a bad cough. My friends said I had consumption. I then tried Ayer's Cherry Pectoral and it cured me promptly." jj A. K. Randies, Nokomis, 111. 1 You forgot to buyabot- I tie of Ayer's Cherry Pec- i toral when your cold first I came on, so you let it run along. Even now, with I all your hard coughing, it will not disappoint you. There's a record of sixty years to fall back on. j Three sizes: 25c., 50c., SI. All drujjlsti. ft Consult your doctor. If he says take It, ■ then do as lie says. If ho tells you not 9 to take it. then don't tako ir. He knows. 9 Leave It with him. We are willing. J. C. AYEIt CO.. Lowell, Mass. 9 Headache? Appetite poor? Bowels con stipated? It's your liver! Ayer's Pills are liver pills. — „, Want your moustache or beard a beautiful brown or rich black ? Use Buckingham's Dye 50cts. of drucgistsor R. P. Hall it Co., Naihut.N.H. Genuine stamped C CC. Never sold in bulk. Beware of the dealer who tries to sell "something jnst as good." 1111111 ►DROPSY q N u E c7r?" c .°„d .ITS J sums liuoa of testimonials ud lO day*' tratme.i *re. Dr. H. H. OlUßiiN'aauNii. Box U. AIUnU, Oa P. N. U. 42, *O2. „ LUKES WHEHE ALL ELSE FAILS. 51 Beat Cough Syrup. Tastes Good. Use in time. Sold by druggists. *f KiagMimaiMW jp A Miracle of Irrigation. By Ray Stannard Baker. SF ever men worked miracles, they have worked them here Jn the Western valleys. If ever something was created from nothing, these men have done it. Thirty-five years ago the Salt River Valley, into which we had driven, was all a parched desert, uninhabited save by a few lean In dians and two or three bardy traders, whom the sand and the cactus crowded down close to the water of the river. It was a thousand miles from the nearest railroad —an un known, desolate, forbidding land, a part of the Great American Desert, which travelers said would never support human life. To-day the Salt River Valley contains a population of over 25,(XM). It has three cities, one, Phoenix, the capital of Arizona, having electric lights, an electric car line, good hotels, churches, aud other buildings, residences sur rounded by trees, lawns, and a wilderness of flowers. More than 125,000 acres of land round about are laid out in farms, highly cultivated, with orchards of oranges, almonds, olives, and figs, and grain and hay fields. Thousands of cattle feed in the rich meadows, and there are bees, chickens, ducks and ostriches unnumbered. Richer soil than this once desert valley does not exist anywhere in the world except in other once desert valleys. Here one may behold the startling spectacle of orange groves In beariug worth SIOOO an acre on one side of a fence, and bare cactus desert on the other, both having the same soil, the same opportunities, but only one hav ing water. Here, when a man builds his fence of eottonwood posts, such is the soil and such the water that the posts take root and grow into trees, so that the wire of many old fences is seen running through the centre of large trees. Here a farmer rarely needs to use fertilizer, for the river comes in bearing rich silt and spreads it over his fields; and he may some times cut two or three or more crops a year from his alfalfa fields, and then pasture them during the winter—winter which is in reality a continual spring.—The Centaur. jZ? JZ? Problems of To-Day. By Governor Odell, of New York. jft —ROBI.EMS of tho most Important character are over before ' us, which demand integrity of purpose and wisdom of action v in their solution. The successes of arms have given way I J to the demands of our commerce; the upbuilding of our If Nation exacts tribute from our citizenship. The duty of the •I State calls for the encouragement of labor and the restraint of greed. a . ■ The capital of the individual is inadequate to cope with these groat problems, and a community of interests lias been evolved before which all obstacles are removed, and there seems to be no limitation to our power or to the influence we may exert upon the destinies of the world. Wealth and Its accumulation might prove dan gerous to the simplicity of our Government were it not that over and above all there is a religion that teaches the brotherhood of man. For, after all, the greatest product of our country Is man—man self-reliant, courageous and determined, whose faith is in himself and in his God. The foundation of wealth Is labor, no matter what form it may take, Its existence without labor would bo both Impossible and useless. All prop erty, therefore, being labor, It should be conceded equal rights with, but never in excess of that which is given to Its creator. These are some of the problems that the changed conditions incident to our present commercial development have projected into the affairs of State. Respect for law cannot all be on one side. Greed should never pre vail or be permitted to conquer the honest intentions of our employes. Powers that are prejudicial to tho health, the morals or the well-being of auy of our citizens are sure to lower the standard of our citizenship. If we should have other aims than this we would have fought in vain for repub lican principles of Government nnd tho sacrifices of our forefathers would have been fruitless. We must depend upon a broad statesmanship upon the part of our lawmakers and upon the patriotism of a free people for tho solu tion of the problems that confront us. jZ? Simplicity and Regularity Cardinal Laws of Health By Mme. Adellna Pattl. / O be healthy Is the natural state, and disease is. in nine cases ' ' out of ten, our punishment for some indiscretion or excess. r Every time we are ill It is part of our remaining youth which we squander. Every recovery, whether from head ache or pneumonia, is accomplished by a strenuous effort of a vitality, and is therefore a waste of our capital of life. \ Therefore do not let yourself be ill. M The best plan to avoid illness is to live regularly, simply, & with frugality that stupid persons alone will deem painful fcr eccentric. Sleep eight hours in every twenty-four. Ventilate the rooms you work nnd sleep in. Very few people, oven among Ihose who think they are well up in modern ideas, have any conception ot what ventilation means. Even when my voice was the only thing 1 had in the world, I slept with my windows wide open, summer and winter, ami never caught cold In that way. Exnmine seriously Into your list of social obligations. Have the good sense to recoguize that there Is neither plensure nor profit in most of what you regard as essential in that line, and simplify your social life—simplify It all you can. Complicated living breeds worry, and worry is the main enemy of health and happiness—the one liendlsli microbe that does more to destroy the health and happiness of mankind than any other. Make your home a pleasant place, cheerful, hut well within your menus. Drink nothing but water or milk—especially drink lots of water. You never can drink too much of it. On the other hand, remember that alcohol is poison which does untold iamnge within you; that wino, beer, coffee and tea are poisous, too. ShuD them as you would diluted vitriol. JZ? JZ? jZ? Cultivate Trust in Your Fellow Men By Margaret Stowe. Mj, children were discussing the strong and weak points ot r® their respective schools. One said that at her school it was T ""T* f against the rules to do thus and so. The other child replied I V that at the school she attended there were no rules, the scholars were put on their honor. So few parents and teachers realize the necessity of setting an example to children by trusting them. I have never known n school where rules regulated tho privlllges aud re strictions where those same rules were not constantly being broken. On the other hand, it Is the exception to tind a school in which the children are put on their honor where confidence and harmony do not reign. It is so throughout our lives. A man who has any self-respect resents suspicion. Instinctively We desire to he trusted to do what is right, aud no one Is quite himself, quite true to his host impulses, when under suspicion. There is a large amount of distrust In circulation among tho majority ot men and women. There are so many who are constantly suspecting the motives of others, with apparently no reason whatsoever. It Is far more disgraceful to distrust your friends than to he deceived by them. Our mistrust only justifies the mistrust of others. We cannot be too careful in regard to our thoughts of others. Our attitude and bearing toward those around us Is soou observed by the younger minds, whose training lies 1u our hands, and is copied. We stand Is examples to them for good or evil. We should strive to show children by our example that life is more beau tiful and more worth living when we act honestly, justly, mercifully and lovingly toward all. We should teach them that right feeling develops right thinking; the right thinking brings out the right word and deed. The confidence we have In the virtue of others Is no slight evidence of our own. Try to cultivate trust in your fellow men and the bare show of faith will some time create worth.—New York American. L 5 c I^NfrFloSl mgN: Dl/STiF\l. According to a note in the Electrical Review, a gas engine, when coupled to a d.vuamo, produces three times as much light in incandescent lamps, and about eleven times as much in arc lamps, as the same amount of gas would produce if burned directly at gas jets. The largest coil of wire rope ever made in Brooklyn was turned out by a rope company of that city recently. It measured 17,7<X) feet in length, or over three miles, without a break, anil weighed 22,030 pounds. It is for use in a bituminous coal mine, was made of forty-two strands of crucible cast steel, took sixteen days to manufacture and was valued at $2300. i Dr. Grun, of London, has been using the fluid lens with much success for taking photographs at night without any light except the ordinary illumina tion used in buildings. For example, he made excellent snapshot pictures of stage scenes in theatres with no extra light, and even cinematograph views in the same way. The fluid lens was for merly used to overcome the difficulty of chromatic aberration before the com bination of flint and crown glass was invented, but Dr. Grun used it for its rapidity of action. He thinks that it will greatly widen the field of pho tography. Government investigations of stream pollution and of the qualities of natural waters in general have been instituted by the Division of Hydrography of the United States Geological Survey. The work will embrace the sanitary Inspec tion of streams, turbidity and color measurements, and chemical and bac terial analyses. The co-operation of workers in various fields Is desired, particularly in the physical and analyt ical sections. To secure uniformity in results, the department has issued two bulletins setting forth standard meth ods of making and reporting analyses, and describing handy apparatus for the color and turbidity determinations. Many persons have a notion that the pineapple grows on a tree. It does not. The plant reaches a height of only four feet, to the tip of tile leaves. It comes out of the ground as a stalk, but divides at once into sword-like leaves, fifteen in number, from the centre of which projects a stiff, upright stem, and at the top of this stem grows the fruit. The stem is short, and the crown of the fruit, when full grown, is a foot or more below the tips of the leaves. Each plant produces a single "apple," but when this is pulled a little sucker appears on the stem among the leaves, and this becomes the head of the plant, and within a year pro duces another apple. This may go on for years. The Catholic University of America lias just equipped an elaborate depart ment for the thorough experimental study of the problem of flight. Part of the equipment Is a wooden tunnel fifty feet in length, with a cross sec tion of six square feet, in which a wind of any desired speed can be generated by means of a suction fan at one end of the tunnel. Objects of various kinds and shapes are placed in this wind cur rent, and their resistance, lift, drift, surface friction, etc., are noted. A gauge that can be read to less than one ten-millionth of an atmosphere is used to determine the pressure at all points in the stream of air. It is hoped that these experiments may furnish trust worthy data for aeronautic calcula tions. A Plague of Tarantula Spider*. There is a perfect plague of taran tula spiders in the south of Spain, near Serille, says the Loudon Express. The number of the sufferers Is so great that all the guitar players of the neighbor hood hare been employed. They have established a tariff at the rnte of about two cents a mase treated by the har monic cure. The guitar player has to keep up the tune "La Tarantula," while the person bitten by the spider dances to it. In serious cases, when the patient is confined to bed, the gui tar player accompanies the family, who sit around the bed singing tbe dis enchantment "Tarantula" rhyme,which might be translated as follows: "Come out, come out, this instant. Come out, thou venom bite. And may the cruel biter Forever take to flight." One America Enough. Lord Kitchener's statement that the empire's new territory is a land full of "every description of potential wealth" should give pause to those who declare thut gold is its sole resource. But what did Lord Kitchener mean by the statement that we have "the makings of nothing less than a new America in the southern hemisphere?" One Amer ica is as much as the civilized world can put up with; and there are times when we find that one too many.—Lon don Saturday Review. Granite tlie Lowest liock. Granite Is the lowest rock in tne earth's crust—lt is the bed rock of the world, and shows no evidence of ani mal or vegetable life; It is the parent rock from which all the rocks have been either directly or indirectly de rived. A Fool's Saying*. The sayings of a fool with a bank ac count are brighter than the most scin tillant wit of a poor genius.—New York News. SUFFERED SEVEN YEARS With Catarrhal Derangements of the Pelvic Organs. Hundreds of Dollars Miss Kate Brown, Recording Secre tary of the L. C. B. Association, of Kansas, in a letter from (10r> N. Seventh St., Kansas' City, Kan., says: "For seven years I ha ve not knotrn what it was to speyul a well day. I caught a severe cold, which I neg lected. It was at the time of menstru ation, and inflammation set in and prostrated me. Catarrh of the kidneys and bladder followed, my digestive or gans gave way; in fact, the cold disar ranged my whole system. "1 spent hundreds of dollars with doctors and medicine, but derived but little benefit until 1 began treat ment withPeruna. I kept taking it for nearly nine months before I was com pletely cured, but I kept growing bet ter gradually so that I felt encouraged to continue taking reruna until my health was restored. I send my thanks The Lost City. The site of the lost Indian city, Mascoutens, which was reported as having 20,000 inhabitants in 1675, has been determined by the labors of Thomas Clithero, of Portage, Wis., now extended over many years. It was the largest city in all Indian his tory, so far as United States territory is concerned, and the descriptions of the Jesuits in the course of the seven teenth century, closing with Marquette and Joiiet in 1673, are said to have been verified. How to Keep Young. One of the secrets of keeping young, vigorous and supple-jointed, is to con tinue to practice, the activities of youth, and to refuse to allow the mind to stiffen the muscles by its sugges tion of age limitations. If men like Peter Cooper and William E. Glad stone, who kept up the vitalizing ex ercises of robust manhood when far into the eighties, had succumbed at 40 to the thought of approaching age, how much of their valuable life-work would have remained undone? . gaoooowooooooocoooooooooo ! ST. JACOBS! I OIL | | POSITIVELY CURES | :: Rheumatism Neuralgia Backache Headache Feetache g All Bodily Aches $ | AND I CONQUERS 1 I WIN. | Tourists, sportsmen, hunters and fishermen find Ripans Tabules an always handy article In hotel, sleep ing car, field and camp. They are the best and only medicine needed for on outing, as they keep head, stomach, bowels and liver In the right condition, and thus prevent any other trouble likely to arise i from exposure or sitting at late campfircs. At druggists. The Five-Cent packet is enough for an ordinary occasion. The family bottle, 00 cento, contains a supply for a year. E* $460 MSH FREE We will give (be above toward to any person who will correctly arrange the above letters to apell the names of three American cities. Use each letter but once. Try It. We will iwsitlvely give the money away, and you may Le the fortunate person. Should there bo more than one set of correct answers, the money will We divided equally. For instance, should five persons send in correct answers, each will receive $80; should ten persons send in correct answers, each will receive S4O; twenty persons, S2O each. We do this to introduce our firm and goods we handle as quickly as pos sible. 6end no money with your answer. This is a free contest. A post card will do. Those who have not received anything from other contests try this one. NATIONAL SUPPLY CO., NIAGARA FALLS, ONTARIO. A neglected cold is frequently the cause of death. It is more often, however, the cause of some chronic disease. There is not an organ In the body but what is liable to become seriously deranged by a neglected cold. Dis eases of the kidneys, bladder and diges tive organs are all frequently the result of a neglected cold. Hundreds of dollars are spent on doctors and medicines trying to cure these diseases, but until the true cause of them is discovered there will be no use in using medicine. Dyspepsia medicine, diarrhoea medi cine and constipation medicine is of no good whatever when catarrh is the cause. The catarrh must be treated. The cause being removed, the derange ments will disappear. Peruna cures catarrh of the, digestive organs, the urlitiiry organs or any of the internal organs. " If you do not derive prompt and sat isfactory results from the use of Pe runa, write at once to Dr. Hartman, giving a full statement of your case, and he will be pleased to give you his valuable advice gratis. Address l)r. Hartman, President of TheHartman Sanitarium. Columbus. O. and blessings" to yotl for Peruna."— Miss Kate Brown. TfvE BEST POMMEL SLICKER ' .JN THE WORLD '//y, .//' //, BEARS THIS TRADE MARK bb^ OFTEN iniTATER ! AS A SAME COAT on R6 / IT HAS KO EQUAL. EVERTn CATALOGUES FREE. SHOWING FULL LINE OF GARMENTS ANB HATS. A.J.TOWER CO.. BOSTON. MASS. 44 ' '—— l $3 & $3*52 SHOES B." ! //. L D )lljlas shoes are the standard of the wcrld. , W. L. llouirl.iN made and sold mora men's flood -1 year Welt (Hand Sowed Process) shoes In the llrst six months of 11102 than any other manufacturer. (MO nrtn KEWAUII Will he paid to anyone who V> I UiUlfU can disprove this statement. W. L. DOUGLAS 84 SHOES CANNOT BE EXCELLED. 15U03,5201 issi-.m.m Best Imported ani American leathers. Heyl'a Patent Calf. Enamel, Box Calf, Calf. Vlcl Kid. Corona Colt, Nat. Kanqaroo. Fast Color Kyelot* reed. fruition f TllP firenuine have W. D. DOUGLAS' cannon I unm e and price stamped on bottom. Shoes by mail, 25c. extra. 11l us. Catalog free, W. L. DOUOLAS, BROCKTON, MASS. FREE ELECTRIC BELT OFFER TRIAL • yonr own home, we fumKb the arrnufnc and only i HIiuBLBBRO AI.TKK.VaTINU CtIIRFNT ELKCTRIC BKLTBto I any render of tM paper. No nonr; In advanr| very low i trie belU, appliance* and rrraedlc* fall. QHCI CI RK for miirt | than BO allncst*. Only anre care for all nertoca rflacatea, i wriLni'i.ri and disorder*. For eomplete aenled eon f.dentlal catalogue. eut tills ad. out and ii.mll to us. SEARS. ROEBUCK & CO.. CHICAGO, BOOKKEEPING! I Taujrht by n .nll. either sex. in shortest time at low : est cost. Individual instruction under personal su- I nervision. Latest practical methods. <\ D. KANO* i Lit. I'uolio Accountant, l£w Ar. h St.. Pliiladel., Pa. Old. lLn€st:*oa."*s. .. ' 1 '• *° Autotrraph letters of famous people. Head list of what vou have. I W. It. BEXJAM) N. 11116 J3roaiway. Now York.