Newspaper Page Text
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VMM iVV a.Ul
CAIRO. ILLINOIS. THURSDAY MORNING, MARCH 23. 1882.
M.ior-N.B.TtiWI.wootl. s " .
trnirf-T . Krh. , ..-
rui JwSAhirtM o. letter, Adoiph
' 7.. . n 0 III
Ktfth iv.ro "" "
t'ountr Traurr-Mtla W. J
f fchwtll-Jwho Uului. .
UlbU ul Kewr fil. v . :
rAC.E"r ..ilk: Hand.y Trfia m.. Holy
Morning Py"LB:," t
P. l.vntorl, o. j "
Ml T WMioHAK BAPT19T CnPRCH-
. . . .w AMrvlil Oft II
IV onin l-ov m.
bulb 1 -W
. .TtnmiHT-Cor Elk-MI- d Wlootitr.t,
OKEhBTTERIAS-EtKbtb .tr.rt: P"c.hlQ
1 Hbtith at tUO m. an T P-j . , pr
at a d. n. Kev B
y. 0of e, pMlot.
S mJ W.lnnl ttrt!.; t1c.i h.hbitb JO .30 1..
ST r ATK!CK,- H.mn embolic) Corner Nlntb
o.ib i .nd W m. ; Ve.tr. p. m. : Sat -MMA
t f,. m. rvtce. everr Uy t . m. K. Mi.U-wou
R.R.TIUKCAKD AT CAIRO.
ILLINOIS CKSTRAl. K. B.
K.tl 1r13 m tMU V,. nm
tKiyreu 4: P I Aecmdtiu..4 p.m
m.ii " 4 ..wtMa p.
CAST. I.. It. R (S.rrow Gauge )
Accoa.'d.tlon. I JU p a I Accom d.loln p m
1 IV A K It. H
Accom anion. : p.m I tAem ' u
WADASn. ST. LOUIS A iPilJrIC B'lf CO.
M.II K.... : in J Mil) kx.. P
It.iljr eicepl undr- t
ILLINOIS CENTRAL R. R.
x jrf iff vr- v
Shortest and Quickest Route
St. Louis and Chicago.
- i' '
The Onlv Line Kunuint;
irrom Cairo, :
Making Dirkct Connkction
Tkaik. Liati Ciko: ,
.3:15 inn. Mull.
Arrlvliiirln 8t. LonleMM.m.; Ch1fi4;o,H:S0 p.m.
Cotinectinir. .1 Ortm nd KSnsbwu for Clncln
n.U. Lonlevllle. IndUii.polw .nd pt.lnt. Xiet.
111U .m. at. Jxuin and WMtern
ArrlvlnflnHt.Lonl.7:U5p. m., nd connecting
for ll point. Wem. - .
4:ttO p.m. V'nmt KxprM
nrSt. Lontt nd Chlceo. .rrlving t St. Lottl
10:40p.m., .ndChiagoT:'JO .m. 5
4:0 p.m. CinniniwitlKxprr.,
Arriving t CluclnnnU 7:00 ra.J I.ounvllle 7:20
.m.: lDdl.nooll. 4:00 w, J VoK"?
thin lrln re.rh the .hove point. 13 to 30
HuURS In dvnco of uy oln.r roan. . , j
W-The4:, t. m. expri'M h I!uH',!!AIi
hl.KEPIVOCATl C.iro to Cincinnati, wltho-.it
eh.nKee,and through .leopor.to bt. Lonle and
Chlciio. , . .t,
s , , tfast Time Kast. ' '
PiooA 1M1.0 y thl line ro thronnh to F.et.
ilSSCllgCrS n point. wttHont nr dfllny
r.u.eri hy Knnd.y tntcrvunluu. The Saturday after,
noon tr.fn from Cairo arrive. In new York Monday
nornltiK t 10:33. Tblrty-.lx hour. In advanced
ny other ronte, ' . . .
LtTToT through ticket, and further lufnrm.tlon,
irr.lv at Illlnnle Ceutral Hallroad Depot, Cairo. '
An. JOHNSON. J. II. J ONES,
(n . Konthera Ajent. Tlckut Altent.
A, R. HANSON. Oun. Pa... Agent. ChlcaiO .
VontlrAl Inrention. . 1
METAL TIP LAMP WICK.
' ' v' ' IMtautrrt Dec. 7t)i, 1BB0 .
ThU Wick Rive, a BrlUUnt White Light, anperl.
or to O... renmre. no trimming .nd Uu for ma
ny month., tho Oil burn. .,h" 'c k', ,
Wick. 10ct.Jwlck,:ttct.. U Wlck..75ct. 144
Wlck,$7.W. Kent by m lion roculpt of prlco.
Btaifl Ue. We have four flaoa, Mo.O. "i, Np.l,
i. Na. 1. h and no. S, IS l"che wlrt. Mrjn
7ra.il It Agente. MltTALTII LAMP WICK
OO.JJCourllndt St. 1 How York. '
JJH W. C J0CBLYN,
OFFICK Klskth BUeet, nnaf Cpmir ernlal Aveunn
It. E. W. WUITL0CK,
Umoi-llo. W6 Commcrct) Aynna, batwaen
tgliUiMd SlAlhSttanU , " J" .. . ;
.timiB.PTtHT.-rnr TentiV anJ Pop! r
() W. WHUtJLER,'
' ANTIIUACITli. COAL
t. '. . ' . ' ;
Summer Wood and Kindling
comur.tly on h.na
STAVE CLIPPINGS '
At Beveuty-flve cents per load.
At one dollar per load.
The "tr1amlDr"sre cumhh rb.vlDK. .nd m.ke
tbe br.tl iurumer wood for cooking purpiweiM well
w the che.pe.t ever fold in Ctt.-o. For ol.ck
mlth't cm ln.eiun tire. tbr re nuMiu)led
L.t. vnor order .t thoTeutb etreetwood v.rd
W O 5J
(AIR0 CITY FERRY CO.
THREE isSai STATES.
On tnd.fter Mond.v. June 7th, end nnt'llnrther
notice tbe fenjboal will mlw trtpi M follows: .
.AVI. Liar. LI4T.I
Foot Focrtb it. Mleeour! L.nd'fi. KTitcrky I.d g.
8:i . m.
: p. m.
. B:V .. .
11 .. m.
5 -,00 p. m.
A New and compirui II itol. fronting on Love
8er.ond .nd Ksllro.d Struel.,
nt of the Chlr.so, St. Ln(.
T' ,ew ()rlenn: lillrol. OntrJl : wahan, Ht
I.oul. nl 1'iu'lrtc; Iiou Moiim.ln .nd 8"iilhern.
Mobile .nd Ohio: C.lr and St. I.oun Itanwar.
are .It ul utouk tho mruct: while the Steamboat
Lauding in lint one eituirc dl.lHnt,
Thl Hotel 1. hrated by atv.m, b. .team
Laundry. Hydraulic Klevator, Klertrlc CjiII JlelU.
Antomntlp KtriMAIarma. Buthi. .Ii.olntoly ptire air,
partxrt .ewr.gc and complete apioliitmutit.
Htipurh fnrotiihloi;.; perfect .ervice; and an nn
Xu T. PAKKKH Ac CC).,Tj(.in
Commercial Avenue and Eighth Strevt,
F. HHOSS. Prwidont. I P'. NKFF. VlcoPre.'nt
II. WELLS, Caithler. T. J. Kttrth, A.e't eath
F. Droxn Cn'ro Willi. m KMige. .Cnlro
Poti-rNiifr " I wtiii-m woir..,
C, M OMcrloh " 10. u. rtler.....
K.A.Buder " I II. Wnll.
J. Y. Clom.on, Ckledonl.,
AORSKRALDANKINO HUSINKK8 DONE,
Kxchange .old and bought. Interett. paid In
the Having. Depnrtment. Collection niada and
all buslneas promptly attended to.
NEW YORK STORE,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL, y
The Largest Variety Stock
IK TIIK CITY.
GOODS SOLD VERY CLOSE
O. O. PAT1ER 5c CO..
Cor.mnoteonthitrMt ., ') Pfl'in' Til
Commercial AyeuB(j f ' . ; Vfr" V ul
REPORT OF TUB COSDITm
.1 - .
CITY NATIONAL. 13 ANK
at Cairo, lu the Ht.tfl ot Illlnol., at the dote of
Loan. and dlncounU. ......... $411.419 71
OvKrdrnfm 1,UU IV
U. K. bond, to .retire clrcula
tlon.. ' no.onooo
U. 8. bond. on hand 850 00
Other .tuck., boutl and mort-
t,' (,'! 70,845 St
Due from approved re.erve
agent. M.474 M
Pun from other n.tlon.l bank. 81,419 M
line from State bank, and
banker. 10,309 82
Heal ert.tv, furniture and fix
ture...... i..... 2303 &S
Current expeu.e. and t.xea
paid mhihiw.,. S.10K M
Frcmluin. paid 62 30
I'lmk .nd other eauh ileruB..$ 09
KilU of other liAuk...'. li.OUl 00
Frmtlonal paper currency,
nlc kcla and penulea 203 00
Hilvfr 8,7ttO 'A (
L-gal Tender nolr. j,0U) U) 74,547 Sit
ft.-deroptlou hind with I'. S.
'1 reantirer, (i pvr cent, of cir
culation)... ... 2,ri000
Du fr im l. S. Trciun-r, ;
other ih.n 5 pir cent re-
redumption fund :'! S000O0
Total . .
C.pttal Mock paid in 100.000 00
SurpltiaFnod ,.. 1-Zli.uOQ 00
I ndividi d Prom. 17
fi ational bank note, ourrtanu-
ing 4S.OO0 00
Individual depohltn .object to
check $r.4' W
DeinanIJfrtlnrtp. ofdrpo.lt, W.T'JI M
Due toother national hank., l.lfW 41
Due to Suite Lanka .nd
hanker. ,11i 78 804.M1 r-1
Note aud bill re di.counted (jO.Ouxi 00
tai. $7:7,rl (W
State of Illlnol. county of Alexander. ...
I, Tho.. iV. Ilalliday, Ca.hlerof the above named
bank, do noleniuly .wear that the above .t.temvut
l. true to too Bet or my anowioage ana twnrr.
Tbo.. W. IiAixmar. Cbier.
Sub.crlhed and .worn to be lo re me thi. 1Mb day
or jinrcn, ik. w. J. howi.bt,
. "'I,'' Notary Public.
CoitBTCt Attc : ' ' : t
; . 4 It. II. CCKWIXcaAM,' 1 ?
5 ' i f..J). Wa.i4Am)H, V Director.
I r- ,. A 11. II. CaSDEB. I
Citt Ci.ir.r' OmcE, I
Caiiot. lu... Mr . lTth. t
Public notice I. bun-by given tb.t ouTueiay the
ISth dnr of ADrll A. 1) 1K-U. a cunoral election will
tt beld In thi. cltv of Cairo, countv of Alexaudur,
.tateof Illlnoft, for the election of one alderman
for the regular term of two year from each of the
five m d of the elty. ,
For h purpose of .aid election pole, will bo
opened t the followine named place., via!
In the Fir.t ward at the police hradqu.rter In
rrar ot Mr. Itnaa White' building corner of Sixth
atrci-t acd Ohio teven. ,
In the Second ward at the engine noueoribe
I!ouih and Heady fire company.
n tho Third ward at
niBKriilan flrc company.
engine houM of tbe
In the Kiintih ward, at the Court Tlon.o
And In tbe Fifth ward, at the engine houae of the
Anchor fire company.
Said election will be open at eU'ht o'clock In tbe
morning, and continne open until .evvn o'clock in
the aficruooh of anm atay.i f
' - ' D.J. FOLEY.
P ,M. WAUO,
WOOD, COAL and ICE,
h ISluddv " ,
. .. Coal
r, ' .' ' i i
by the Ton or Car Load, delivered In any part of the
WOOD OF ALL KINDS.
(.y Leave oriir at my Wood and Coal Office.
STOVES AND TINWARE.
'ALL 8o5aT8, SIZES AND STYLES
Manufacturer ot and Dealer in
TIN, COPPER & SHEET-IRON WARE
ALL KINDS OF JOB WOHK DONE TO OIIDBR
, NO. 27 EI0HTH STREET, :
Caio. - Illinois
PROPRIETOR OP SPROAT8 PATENT
, tr , i 't
r ' i.l.
Wholesale Dealer in Ice.
ICE BY THE CAR LOAD OR T0N.WEU
, ' If)KED FOR BHIPPJNO.
.Oar LoadH a Specialty.
Cor. Twelfth 8treet and Leree,
' ; CAIRO. ILLINOIS.
The City of Providenco was the packet
out last night from St. ' Lotiii tor Vicka-
burg, but had not arrived op to the present '
The Granite Stato came dowo from Cin-
cioo&ti la ploco of the sunken J. P. Park
er. She will continue in thin tratlo for the
The Oakland, with a tow of barges pass
ed up to St. Louis from New Orleans yes
terday morning. She also took from here
a little itcrn-whoel boat to St. Louis.
The Pitris C.Browa wai overdue last nigbt
from New, Orleans for Cincinnati, and
acemed likely that ahe passed up during;
The tug towed the Illinois Central pile
driver ti Fillmore, to be used in furnishing
anew incline for the II. C. R. R. at that
The Jobn B. Mundc will be out to-night
for Memphis from St. Louis.
The river full here ll inches in the last
34 hours with 44 feet 2 inches on the
gauge. At Chutttnoot; it raised 1 inch.
At Cincinnati 3 feet 7 inches. At Louis
ville it raised 3 feet 5 inches. Nushvillo it
raised 11 inches. I'ittsburg it raised 3 feet.
St Louis is on a stand with 18 feet 8 inches
on the puage. Before the Cincinnati raise
can get here our river will be 3 feet lower,
and then it will only be checked it will
not make it rise.
The Buckeye State came out from St.
Louis with a big tow of iron ore for Pitts
The City of Greenville was duo up last
night from Vicksbnrg for St. Louis. She
had 850 bales of cotton for the C. & V. rail
road. The City of Helena paesed up to St.
Louis from Memphis with a good Irip, and
took 73 tons of pig iron from hero to St.
Louis. She comes out again next Saturday
nitrlit for Memphis. ,
The Silverthorn left yesterday morning
for Hickman, Columbus and other points
HKFORE THE COUMKXCS COMMITTED.
Washington, March 21. Tho house
commerce committee arc doiug a very sea
sible thing in requesting tbe members ot
the Mississippi river cote mission to appear
before them in order that they may obtain
from tllcm detailed information regarding
tho propose 1 improvement of the river.
The enemies of the river are so buy circu
lating false reports and promulgating what
Gen. Gillmoro calls engineering heresies,
that is well for the commerce committee to
gather tho material for a thorough refuta
tion of the charges and declaration made
by the opponents of the commission. Tho
following is the substanco of statements
made to-day by Gen. Gillmore, president
of tho commission. It is perhaps well at
this time when certain engineering heresies
are struggling into unusual and mischiev
ous prominence, that we should again verify
our bearing, and re-examine, and if admissi
ble, reform those physical laws upon which
the plan of improvement of tbe Mississippi
river recommended by tho commission is
avowedly based, because upon the sound
nrss and correct interpretation of those laws
that plan unquestionably rests for success.
The comission in its first report restated.
A WELL KNOWN LAW,
as follows: ''If tho normal volumo of
water in a silt bearing stream flowing in
an alluvial bed of his own formation bo per
manently increased, there will result in
crease of velocity and consequently of the
erosivo and silt bearing power; nn increase
of depth, if tho banks are held, and an
ultimate lowering of the surface slope; and
conversely if the normal flow be decreased
in volume there will ensuo a decreaso of
velocity, silt transporting power and mean
sectional area and an ultimate raising of
the surface slope."
This seeming paradox that you do not
Increase the height of river waters flowing
in alluvial beds by increasing their quan
tity must bo understood as applying to sn
occasional spasmodic increase like that due
to sudden and unusual flood. Changes
in the regimen of a channel take place
gradually, and It may be the work of years
lor a river to adapt itself to important al
terations in width of soction or volumo of
flow. This law applied to the Mississippi
river is exhaustive and all sutHcleut, It
solves all questions and
BEJFCTS ALL FALLACIES,
holding on only to that which s good. It
continues outlets and demands contraction
where the widths are excessive and ' the
navigation bad. ' It condemns outlets be
cause they abstract water from the river,
thereby lessening the volumo' and the ve
locity and fluw and the scouring power, and
causing depnsiteivan( the formation of
shoals and bars below tho outlets in pro
portion to the volume abstracted.' The
outlet system being one of diffusion and
waste ind not of concentration, it is diffi
cult to understand how it can commend
itself to any engineer of Intelligence 'aud
souud Judgm,cntt ,
That levees will causa a permanent raising
of the flood aurfaco has been entirely
abandoned by those who entertained it.
The evidence is ample that tho flood mark
has not been raised o-single inch during the
century of levee history.
At tbe rcquestf the committee, Capt.
Eads began a statement, but was unable to
peak more than ten minutes, owing to
the session of tbo house. In ten minutes,
however, ho had so thoroughly aroused the
interest of the committee that they voted
unanimously to set apart to-morrow to hear
At the conclusion of Eada' remarks to
lay Congressman McLnne remarked t
Thst'i the end of tho outlot scheme." It
is interesting to say hero that McLnne has
become enthusiastically in favor of a liberal
appropriation for the ' Mississippi,' and if
necessary he is willing to cut down the
river and harbor bill in order that the im
provement of the Mississippi may bo push
forward. Not a few Eastern members have
lately expressed similar sentiments.
. Among the Eifle-Pits,
Fifty yards in front of tho abatis tho
plckeU were stationed. When first tbe
siejre began, picketing was dangerous
.business. Both armies wero bent on
light, and picketing meant simple sliarp
shooting. As a consequence, at first the
plcketi were posted ouly nt nirbt, so
that from midnight to midnight tho
Eoor fellows lay in their rillc-pits under it
roiling July uun, with no protection
from the Intolerable heat, excepting the
scanty shade of a little pine-brush erect
ed overhead, or in front of thftrpit na a
screen. There tho picket lay, Hat on
his fnco, flicking oil' the enemy's int-n
whenever he could catch sight of a head
or even so much as a hand; and right
glad would ho be if, . when thn long-awaited-relief
ennio at length, ho had no
wounds to show.
But later on, ns the siore progressed,
this murderous str.te of affairs gradually
disappeared. Neither side found it
pleasant, nor profitable, and nothing
was gained by it. It decided nothing,
aud only wasted powder nnd ball. Ami
so, gradually, the pickets on both sides
begun to be on qtnU friendly terms. It
was no unusual thing to see a Johnny
picket who would be posted scarcely a
hundred yards away, so near were "tho
lines lay down hi gun, wave a picco
of whitVpajwr ns a signal of truce, walk,
out into the neutral ground between the
picket-lines, and meet one of our own
pickets, who, also dropping his gun,
would go out to Inquire what Johnny
might want to-day.
"Well, Yank, I want aome coffee, and
I'll trade tobacco for it."
'Has any of you fellows back there
sonic coffee to trade for tobacco? '.John
ny Picket,1 here, wants some coffee."
Or, may bo he wanted to trade papers,
a Richmond Enquirer for a Now York
Jkruld or Tribune, "even up and no
odds." Or he only wanted to talk about"
the news of the day how "we 'uns
whipped you 'uns up the valley the oth
er day;" or how, "if wo had Stonewall
Jackson yet, we'd bo In Washington be
fore winter;" or may be he only wished
to have a friendly game of cards!
There was a certain chivalrous eti
quette developed through this social in
tercourse of deadly foemcn, and it was
really admirable. Seldom was there
breach of confidence on either sido. It
would have gono hard w ith the comrade
who should have ventured to shoot
down a rann in gray who had left his
gun and come out of his pit under tho
sacred protection of a piece of white pa-
fer. If disagreement ever occurred in
altering, or high words nrose in dis
cussion, shots were never fired until due
notice had been given. And I find men
tioned in one of my old army letters
that a general lire along our oniire front
grew out of some disagreement on the
ilikct-lino about trading coffee for to
lacco. The two pickets couldn't ngree,
jumped Into their pits, and began firing,
the one calling out: "Look out, Yank,
hero comes your tobacco." Bang!
And tbe other replying: "All right,
Johnny, here comes your coffee." Bang!
"HtcoUfctioM of a Drummcr'boy, in
'When I tell you, my dear Mr. Jones,
that your wife shrinks fiom asking you
for money, you wear an expression of
marked disbelief; but it is true. To hor
as with other woroeu tho idea of asking
for money Is abhorrent Thoy put it ou
from day to dar, the dread of it is so
great. They will wear expensive clothes
in the kitchen rather than ask for the
money needful for tho purchase of a plain
calico dress. Shrug your shoulders if
you choose, you unbelieving husband,
and say, 'I never knew such a woman."
' 1 beg your pardon, but I intiBt contra
dict you. The woman you oall wife, I
do believe would rather suffer with the
toothache than ask you for money; most
women do shrink from asking the head
of the family for money needful for
boots, clothing, and the common neces
sities of life; it is neither agrccablo nor
pleasant to them and they should not be
forced to do it. A fixed allowance
should be given to them weekly or
monthly. Some husbands have seen
how much their mothers suffered for 1
want of monoy even when their fathers
wure rich, and they profit by the fact
and give to their wires a generous sup- .
plv, never forcing them to become ap
plicants for it, and by so doing they
greatly Increase their domestic Happi
ness. Place eotiBdonoe In a woman's
ability to act, and she will fully repay '
, it; , doubt her. xeoutive powers, refuse .
her responsibility, aud you may rue it.
f shu is equal to tho task of being a
wlfo and mother, aha is fit to manage
the house-purse.' .........
. ,. ...... -
A printer who got tois fingers in tha
machine aald ho (alt tho Powor of tha
"?; W" .v ; ' j: v , -
Tho Ultra Btylo of Hotel' Clerk1
The hotel clerk is a young man. who
was originally created to fill an Emper
or's throne or adorn a Dukedom; but
when ho grew up, lhre being fewer
thrones and doms than there were Em
perors and Dukes, hfl was temporarily '
forced to take a position behind a hotel
register. Ills chief eharoctiTistics are)
dignity of bearing, radiant gorgeousues
of apparel, haughtiness of manner, and
jewelry. His principal duties consist in
hammering on the call belt, in handing
gutwts the wrong keys to their rooms,
and In keeping a supply of toothpicks
on ths end si the desk. When all his
time Is not taken up in the performance
of these arduous duties, he will conde
scend to explain to a guest that he does
not know whether the north-bound train
leaves at 3 p. m. or not, and, U the guest
insists on enticing farther information,
out of him, ho will probably band him &
last year's ofik'ial railroad time-table.
When a stranger comes in on a late
train, jams Ms valise down on tho coun
ter, and approaches the register; the
hotel clerk, in n preoccupied ,,Rtid ;aus
teru manner, turns the rugisler ' and
hands tho stranger a pen a pert that
has an impediment on iLs legs, catehes
in tho p:tcr, and splutters fragments of
the guest's name
all over yesterday
ho clerk, after turning
around the register and examining tha
signature to sen if it is genuluc, expres
ses some doubt as to their being a vacuus
room in tho house. Tbo stranger says
he Is bound to have a vooui. " Tnff clerk
retires back of tho desk, and 4fter con
sulting yigcon-holes, conclude .that the
gentleman may have o. 1192. 11
writes some biorotrlvbhios on the resis
tor, ami then he talks for half an hour
with tho porter and the bngaftgomaa
about tun trunk ol the gentleman in Ao.
46, having got mixed up with the bag
gage belonging to the gentleman in NV
61. When he gots that matter arranged
he sits down to poliah and ndmiro the
long nail that he is cultivating on his
little finger, and forgets tho gontlomoa
who has rented No. 1192 until he is
made aware of his existence by an im
patient tap on tbo counter. With the
oir of a martyr and a sigh, ho saysr
"Ah! would you like to go to your
Then John shows the gnntleman tt
No matter how crowded a howl is,
tho hotel clerk always finds one room
left for the late arrival. When the lat
ter kicks about if, when he is leaving
next day, becnuso it was on the fifta
floor, and was furnished with nothing
but a bed, a bar of soap, and a crack in.
the coiling, tbo clerk tells him that if he
had only been staying another day, ho
could have had an excellent room, in,
fact, the best room in the house, which
would be vaentcd after breakfastby a
gontlejuan who was leaving ou" the
noon train. To our certain knowledge,
the gentleman has been leaving, that
excellent -that "best room In the house,"
every to-morrow for the last twonty
Wearing out Soils.
The question is under discussion in
tho east whether the soils of fanning
lands are wearing out. The western
farmer has not yet reached that stage
when It is necessary, for jircsont pur
poses, to give it serious attention. , If tbo
conclusions reached. hvMr. George (Jed
des, of Fairmoiint, N. Y., are correot,
no one need have any anxiety that his
now productive lielils will ever grow
less. The result of Mr. Geddes' obser
vations of more than half a century of
grain raising nnd rrtfxed farming is that
the lands of New York state, when
properly managed, do fully sustain
their fertility without other manures,
than may be produced on them .by. a
proper rotation of crops, and a proper
amount of farm stock to convert unsala
ble productions into manure, and giv
their cultivators a fair compensation for
their labor nnd use of capital. Ho says
that tho census reports go to show aadJ
he produces tho figures that the acre
ago yield of leading crops is increasing
though the total production of some 'of
them mny be less than it was many,
years ago. Tho rea.oa of this is to be
found in tho competition of the new
fields in tho west, and, in the moro profit
able crops that find markets near the
place of their production. .'.Gradually,
tho attempt to raiso wheat, for instance,
on soils not naturally adapted to it is
abandoned, and dairying, or somo other v
branch of farming, Is substituted; while '
on the true wheat lands the yiold per
aero is Increasing. , -'
Mr. Geddes says ftiat he had beoa
many yoars raising wheat before he rais
ed a bushel of barley; now thero is rais
ed moro bushels of barley than of wheat,
Tho avcrago yield and avcrago prices
make an acre of wheat nod an acre ot
barley of about equal value. But la
coinpaing farming half a century ago
with tho farming of to-day, it is necos
sary to note, Lo says, . that, whereas)
summor-fallowing was the nearly uni
versal custom oi the far-off past, farm
ers now raise a barley crop and then
follow with wheat, sown on the barley
Pktiuisiu, iuua Jim ii-nwuj; mf?m ui
tho timo once taken for the wheat crop,
alone, and with quito as largo an aver
age per aure oi wneai as wiien miy avnr-mer-fallowed.
Gradually tho districts
producing whoat narrow. nntU the soils
nro reached that are made. Hl oi in
things necessary to make f crop ef
wheat, after tho "forest manure has beer,
exhausted. "Thero are won who say"
says Mr. Goddes, "that ublcsa wo rv
store to the land, in soaus manner, aa
much fertility as we take away JamiF
crops, we shall surely ehut sue sail,
just as constant drawing checks against'
a fund in & bank, and no deposits
made, will sooner or later find the fund
all gone. This is a sort of abstract propo
sition that loeks quito plausible, out itt
actual practice w seo Molds cropped ton
many years, onrl no man tiro put on wa
could in any wiso equal the quantity of
fertility carried off In tho crops, arxl
those ileitis are yielding constantly .1
in ii remmonmaco wiu.wj vrj
is said to ti roroaittlo who d
iulrt;s a fine, UiivfcW O"