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iS3 feoO J. "VERITAS NIHIL VERETUR. NISI ABSCONDI." BY THOS. A. FALCONER. THURSDAY, SEPT, 1841. VOLUME. I NUMBER 6. .- ; . TEMPERANCE. ! : The following is an extract from Mr Barlow's eloquent Address, which' vc alluded to yestcrdaydelivrcd ocfore the Washington Total Abstinence Society: "This great movement (said Mr B.) is new It is new in i s origin and progress. It is new in the mears arid the agents y winch it is carried forward. It is new in the magnitude t f its plans and its results; for it contemplates nrthing less than freeing an entire nation from-drunkenness. I. is new in the immediate uprising of all this moralforceto sha'ce off tyranny. It is new in this sudden union of numbers. It is new in all this active energy all this heroic resolution, arJ this deter mined purpose. It is a revolution. It has all the features of a revolution. It is one of thos great "elemental occasions" when the people -move in a mass and act for themselves. Such, is now their action. As their fathers rushed to the first fields of the revo lution without organization and without concert, so are their ikcsendants of this day coming fonvard to the work of social regeneration. They have risen in their majesty, and taken their cause into their own hands. Wherever a people do this, they always will be, as they always have been, victori ou;3. The people, in their united artion, arc never defcated And whoever attempts to measure the extent of this new work by 'any known and familiar standard of progress, will find him?' If continually wondering at the errors of his calculations. This movement did not begin, as others have, in the pulpit, ti e laboratory of the chymist, or the doctor's dissecting room. It began in the workshops and shipyards and on the farms. It began with the people. It is their work and as such, no t arthly power csn arrest it, or divert it from its course. No inatt-r now, whether the laws punish the rum-seller or not. No mailer whether the executive magistrate unsheath the swoid of authority, or break it in pieces, with a generous con fidence in man. Abolish all laws to-day, and still this move ment would go on. Close up the Courts of Justice, and yet it would not stop. The spy and the informer axe no longer li tdi d. It is necessary to practise economy in this great bus iness of reform, and to dispense with luxuries. Spies and informers arc luxuries. At city prices, thearey great luxuries luxuries which the people do not Want for which they iuve not asked; and for which they ought uot to consent to be taxrd. No ftee people should pay a tax incurred by employ ing )izicorsl instruments of despotism. Tlie learned doctors too, with their "wise saw and modern instruments," are useless, and worse than useless, now. For houl l they work on the side of the people, and try to acceler ate their progress, they could not keep pace with them; and should tlu y attempt to resist them, they ivould bo swept into their rants and hurried 10 r warn to their goal. As well Kiilit they try to "Arre'st the rolling spheres, or chain the ueep " The people"-VuU uot "give" up the cause to 'their control.' They have begun the work in their own way, and in their own way th y will carry it on. The people; the people are moving. How noble is such a spectacle! How like to these sublime mystt iit s of the natural world are these sudden transforma tions, which elevate and change the condition of society, yet spring from invisible forces and concealed causes. ! This new move was not anticipated There was no stu died preparation for it. It has proceeded upon no preconcert ed plan. There was little or no organization about it, and there need not be; for if a good cause can ever prosper, it is when it relies for success upon the free, spontaneous, irresisti ble action of the masses. They want no dictators no wire pullers. The time has come when the people are competent o act without orders. They can, aud 1 am confident they will, be their own advisers. The three thousand 'reformed' jn Boston are a body all-sufficient to themselves; and whoev er attempts to bend this sublime movement to any mercenary or selfish purpose whoever attempt to throw around it the trammels 01 sect or party, win meet, as no win deserve, a re buke in disappointment, and shame in defeat." , - A SAGE CONCLUSION. "Hallo, Pete,' said Sam Johnsing last evening, addressing his old Iricd Pete gumbo; I'sc been wantin to see you for a long tune on a bcry portant subjeck. : 'Has you, Sam?' : Well, I has, Pete. De flick is, I looks upon you as a right smart nigga beg parden for de spression a real sciene colored gemmari. I doesn't mean dat you is smart in break- . m - -7 ...... - - downs I'ete, or de wuliranous wocolative bihties for smarm 'Zip Coon and oder melodies which belong 'sclusively to plan tation niggas dose as don't mix m fashionable siety like you I dose I means. Pete, dat vou has a knowledge of scientific fuss principles, hasn't youV Yes, hoss, I has,' said Pete, looking as wiseas as anowl in daylight. 'Well, I'cie, continued bam, I wants to know your real 'pinion obdis National Bank what white folks talk so much about. De great regu latin' 'stution, Sam?' Lzacly, intOihe nnpnlnT mini .UA 1 1 I r v.i.i l, Ku nirtile rmnmspd of muscle nnd fit. al- cty-".Woman, in one age made man's drudge, and I though the proportions of the shower appeared to be a much 1 litH lO V. 13 noTV SriniinfT m r ro nrtil mrra xxrtth him ! Urncr . ... w . w umv4 v AfcU i I Adt&ivt she is 1 'Well,' continued Pete, assuming a look cf great financial v-nowledgc 'Well, de flick is, Sam, dat dis tinsr oba National Bank is twisted upebery which way lik a 'possum's tail round n limb. Dey once tort, Sam, dat Nick Biddlc was de only man dat had de hang ob it; but heis come out at the oder chd ob de horn now. For my own part I'se 'fleeted a good deal obcr de matter I'se tort it ober and ober and rewolbed it in my mind and finally I has come to dis conclushun: I believes it's like a soft shell crab some folks says dat dese 'phibious habitants ob de water agrees wid dere constitushuns' and 4en agin some says dey don't. Now IJperfeckly agrees wid both'sides in ebery tickelar.' 'So does I, Pete. Your conclushun on dis 'portant subjeck is de mos rational I has eber heard, and de question is now settled.' 1 'Den you tinks my veiw ob de question is right, S I tinks it is.' Saturday Courier. am had been on the Currenr Committee, nnd hnd r.nnnrrd thnt it should report the bill which it did, without committing him self upon the details in the House. Although that bill had been reported and was different from this, he would vote for the bill now under consideration. His reasons for doing so, he would condense as briefly aspossible. He believed that Congress had power to establish a Nation al Bank or Fiscal Agent, as you may please to call it. He considered ihcyouer, on the part of Congress, to be a closed question. When he could believe that the Congress which first passed a bill that Washington, who first signed a bill that Jefferson, who signed a bill to establish a branch of "the first bank that the Congress that passed the second bank charter that Madison, who ?igued the charter that the Supreme Court, that has decided upon the question, and the concurrent acquiescence of the People of the United States for forty years, were all ignorant of the Constitution, and had been willing to violate it when he could believe this, he would doubt the power of Congress to establish a Bank, but not till then. The question of power being settled in this rapid and sum mary manner, he had but a word to say, and time would allo w him to say but a word, as to the expediency of the measure. He thought the measure of establishing a bank necessary. A bank could not make business, currency, exchanges, and the custody of the public money worse than they are now. A change will be an improvement, and the experience of the past and the wisdom of the present point to an institution of this kind as equally important to the operations of the Gov ernment and business transactions of the People. Public ne cessity and public interest all require the passage of some measure of this kind. Had he the power to frame a bill, he would make it different in many particulars from the present He would prefer a bank with branches of circulation, with power to deal in exchanges, and believed that such an institu tion would answer the purposes of the Government, and would give a good circulating medium and equalize exchanges. He had no time to discuss the subject, and could but now say that he would vote for the present bill because it seemed tor be one most agreeable to a majority, and he could not hope to effect his wishes in the details of such a measure. Some measure was necessary. The public interest united with the public voice in loud demand for its passage. He would cheerfully yield to the requirements of both, and sus tain the measure. Having said this much, he could express the hope that the measure would pass this House, and finally become the law. He had now two minutes left of the five, by the Shrewsbury clock, and he would let some one else appro priate them. press, especially, of religion sions of pi in another, the nigncst labws. Through neara lar and wide. The press is a mightier power than the if r r,.aulblllP, lue voice; ana woman, availing ner seU of this agency, becomes the teacher of nations. In churches, wherefshe may not speak, her hymns are sung, the inspirations of her genius are felt. Thus our acre is break down the monopolies of the past ing Dr. Channing. THE BANK BILL. The bill to establish the Fiscal Bank of the United States, which passed the Senate some days ago, yesterday finally passed the House of Representatives by a majority of thirty-one voles, and now only requires the assent of the PnEsiDENT of TifE United States to become a law. The bill passed the House as it came from the Senate, with out amendment or alteration of any sort Not that it had not better have been amended in some particulars; but our polit ical friends appear to have considered it most expedient to pass the bill in its present shape, and leave desired amendments to be disposed of in a supplementary bill, to be brought for ward at the present session. In consequence of the failure to procure amendments deem ed by them indispensable, a few Whigs, Mr. Adams among them, voted against the bill. No stronger evidence can be given of the determined spirit of the Whig party, than that the separation of such men as Mr. Adams, and those of the same politics who did not unite with the party on this ques tion, should yet leave the majority in favor of the bill so large. Thus has the House of Representatives added an other to its claims to the applause of the people, for the fidelity with which it obeys their will, and the perseverance and firm ness with which it executes their purposes. ; Natio7ial Intelligencer. MR. JOHNSON'S SPEECH. To the point. Mr. Johnson proceeded, by saying that his principle rea son for desiring to speak was occasioned from f he fict that he "Man walketh in a vain show, and disquieteth himself in vain." Bible. We grarnat sub&auc? "and find it shadow: life itself Is ciily a vapor, that appeareth for a 'little time, and then vanishes away; we are here to day, but to morrow the places that have known us will know us no more, 1 he llowers will bloom as freshly as before, but will not be around our steps: the sun beam as brightly, but his ray will not reach our narrow home: the stream by whose margin we have strayed, will still rush between, its green banks, but it will not be beneath the glance of our eyes: the stirred forest, where we have so often wan dered at the twilight hour, will still breathe its music, but it will not be our ear that shall be turned to its melodies. But there is a spirit-land of which these relinquished beauties aTe only the faint type: there the flowers never fade, and no withered leaves mars the beauty of the efernal spring. Philadelphia N. American, EXCELLENT RULES. The following rules from the papers of Dr. Weste, were according to his memorandum, thrown together as general way-marks in the journey of his life. They were advanta geous to him, while they exhibit an honorable testimony to his moral worth may be useful to others. Never to ridicule sacred things, or what others may esteem such, however absurd they may appear to be. Never to show levity when people are professedly engaged in worship. Never to resent a supposed injury till I know the views and motives of the author of it. Never to judge a person's character by external appear ance. Always to take the part of an absent person, who is censu red in company, so far as truth and propriety will allow. Never to think the worse of another on account of his dif fering from me in political or religious opinions. Never to dispute f I can fairly avoid it - Never to dispute with a man more than seventy years of age nor with an enthusiast Not to effect to be witty, or jest so as to wound the feelings of cnother. To say as little as possible of myself and those who are not near me. To aim at cheerfulness without levity Not to obtrube his advice unasked. Never to court the favor of the rich by flattering either their vanity or vices. ' To respect virtue though clothed in rags. To speak with calmness and deliberation on all occasions; especially on circumstances which tend to irritate. On all occasions to have in prospect the end ol Hie and a future state. Woman, as X Teacher. If we next consider bv whom rclisrion is taught we shall see the same tendency to diffusion Religious teaching is passing into all hands. It has ceased to be a monopoly. For example, what an immense amount of t c i 1 1 n'l instruction is communicated ju ouuuay w-uuuis, xucseuic spreading over the Christian world and through these the door n 01 icacning is open iu ciuwus, w ohuum um.u u bear a Dart in soreadinjr religion. In like manner, associa tions of vast extent are springing up in our cities for the-teach-ing of the poor. By these means, woman especially is be coming an evangelist She is not only a priestess in her own home, instilling with sweet loving voice the first truths Bankrupt Law. Its History. On the 4lh of April 1800, Congress passed a uniform Bankrupt Law. At this time the business of the country was limited; the relations be tween debtor and creditor stood upon a different footing; im prisonment lor debt existed in nearly all the States T. he law applied to merchants and traders only. A farmer, a lawyer, or a mechanic had to become a trader, within the meaning of the act, to be entitled to the benefits of its provisions. A change in the political parties of the day was not without its effect upon this law. It was repealed December 19, 1803. The next action on this subject was in the House of Rep frsertitives, Januat y 1, "1812, when a Committee was appoin ted to inquire into the expediency of establishing a uniform law on the subject of bankruptcy. In the House, January 3, 1815, Mr. Ingersoll, from the Com mittcc on tne j udiciary, reported a bin. At this lime ISoston. New-York, Philadelphia and Baltimore sent in strong peti tions in its favor. In the House, February 27, IS 16, Mr. Nelson, from the Committee on the J udiciary, reported a bill. .April 22, Com miitee discharged, and the subject indefinitely postponed. In the House, December 13, 1816, Mr. Hopkmson, from the Committee on the Judiciary, reported a bill. February 24, 1817, Committee discharged, and the subject indefinitely postponed. The subject has continued to be moved and postponed at nearly every session since, in one or the ether House. In 1821 Mr. Sergeant proposed the measure. In 1825 Mr Ad ams recommended in his message to Congress, and Mr. Web ster offered a resolution in the Senate that it was "now expedi ent," but it was laid on the table . Mr. Adams renewed his recommendation in the Message of 1827. Mr- Van Buren al so iecommended it m his first message; and in 1840 the Senate passed a bill, 21 to 19. The reader is farmiliar with the sub sequent movements on the subject National Intelligencer. quantity I am, in haste. Your most obd't. W. P. SAYLI2. SHOCKING MASSACRE. We. learn from a irentleman just from Arkansas that, a ganj of counterfeiters, horse theives, and negro stealers, amounting to upwards of twenty, were recently butchered or tied and thrown into the river by a party 01 tnragca citizens 91 Arkan sas and Mississippi. 1 his shocking and bloody atiair look place on the island 01, near the mouth of White n'ver. XV understand that the depredators hud stolen horses in Coahoma county, and were pursued to the river, but such was their for midable numbers m their encampment in Arkansas, inanneir nursuers dared not venture a cross the river to recover their stolen property, though the horses were exposed to their view; and the thieves taunted their pursuers as tney siood on me bank of the river, inviting them to come lor their horses. A flatboatman sold all his produce to some of them, and received from them counterfeit money. When he returned with the money ho was threatened with lynching if he did not clear out. These repeated outrages induced some seventy of thi inhabitants to lay a plan for breaking up the gjm'; and they adopted the following: they procured a flatboat and mod it as a trader, while the whole force concealed themselves in the back mrt of it. This was used to induce the thieves to corao on board to pass off their counterfeit money, and as the boat stopped at their haunts, each of them was caught and secured as soon as he yme on board and offered to pass the money. This device was practised untul they had trapped twenty or thirty the exact number we could not leai n when they took them out and shot them, or tied them and threw them into the river. We learn that the bodies of eleven were found ut the latest accounts from above. The following are the names of some of those who were killed. Robert Hunter, tho leader of the gang, Hugh Tarly , Andrew McLaughlin, Willis Pollock, Joe Cotton, Klias Hingston, Elliot, Joe Mcrritt, McComick and Scott Mays, John Cotton, Jim Macauley and a man named Cox were whipped and sent off in a skiff. Great numbers have made their escape, and are now on their way down the river in skiffs. Some of them are named Wright. Vic lis b u rg Sc n I i n cl. iji 1 . . , .. . . , Operation for Stammering. We witnessed yesterday an operation by Dr. Baxley, for the cure of stammering. The case was one of an aggravated nature, the tonguo being drawn, in the effort of speaking, to wards the throat, or lower part of the mouth. The operation was simple and speedily performedj The beneficial results were immediately appar ent in the improved freedom of speech enjoyed by the patient, although some time will probably elapse before the effects of the old habit of stammering will entirely disappers. Tho operation for the cure of stammering is of more recent dis covery. having been practised only since January last, when the first experiment was made in Germany. It has been fre quently performed in this country within a few months past, and several times by Dr. Baxley in this city. Baltimore Amcr.July'28. MThe first," says Mirabeau, "of the exalted rights of human nature, is liberty: the second, equality, without which liberty cannot be respected; the third isproperly, the lawful fruit of the use of liberty. The same writer also remarks: "In a monarchy every thing tends to elevation; in a republic, every thing ought to tend to equal it y. In the former, ranks are necessary; in tho latter virtues. SHOWER OF FLESH AND BLOOD. "There are more things in Heaven and Earth Horatio. "Than are dreamt of in your pMlosophv." Thus spake the Prince of Denmark, and every day we hear of something to confirm the remark. On Tuesday we heard from various persons that a shower, apparently, of Flesh and Blood had fallen in Wilson county, near Lebanon in this State, and that the fields were covered to a considerable extent The account staggered our belief ; but strange as it may appear, it has been confirmed by the statement of several gentlemen of high character, who have personally examined the scene of this phenomenon. They state that the space covered by this extraordinary shower, is half a mile in length, and about seventy-five yards in width. In addition to the in formation thus received, we have been lavored by Dr. 1 roost, profesor of chemistry in the University of Nashville, with the following letter from a highly respectable physician of Leb anon; we have also seen the specimens sent to feim for exami nation. To us they appear to be animal matter, and the odor is that of putrid flesh. We do not pretend to offer anv theory to account for this phenomenon, we.leave that to abler and more scientific heads. When the specimens have passed through the crucibles of Dr. Troost, wc will furnish our rea ders n-ith the result Nash. Bart. Lebanon, Aug, 8, 1841. Dr. G. Troost I have sent you some matter, which ap pears from an authentic source to have fallen from the clouds. With me there can be no doubt of its being animal matter, blood muscular fibre, adipose matter. Please account to us, if you can, on philosophical principles, for the cause of this phenomenon. The particles I send you, I gathered with my own hands from the extent of surface overwhich it has spread and the regular manner it exhibited on some green tobacco leaves, leaves very little or no doubt of its haying fallen like a shnwpr nf rain, and it is stated on the authority of some ne groes only, to have fallen from a small red cloud, no other clouds visible in the heavens at the time, it took place on TrMorr lie hptwppn 1 Land 12 o'clock, about five miles north A, tvm iuj 1 hivpKnnt what I think to be a drop of HICl UJ - ANOTHER STEAM BOAT ACCIDENT. The Steam Boat Louisiana on htr way up, about fifteen miles above Bayou Sura, one of ber boilers exploded and kil led some 23 persons; fourteen ol whom were soldiers of tho United States Army, under the command of Capt A. S. Mil ler. The other nine persons who were lost, were hands be longing to the boat. No material damage done otherwise than the bursting of the boiler, and the loss of one chimney. Ihe (Mem.) Appeal. Tanning leather rapidly. The Wayne Standard contains an article on the u' jeet of tanning leather- describ ing the old process, with the reasons and the modus operandi of the improved method. The old method (as is generally well known) was slow, troublesome, and expensive. It is stated that on the new plan, by means of cxhaus'ing the air -in the enclosure containing the leather, the fluid substance with which the hide is penetrated, exudes through the pores, which is prepared to receive "an astringent liquor called Tannin. The Tannin combines with the gelatine of the hide by reason of its affinity and thus leather is formed in great perfection in a few minutes, which by the old process would require months. The manufacturers of leather by thu process, are invited- to send to the Repository of the American institute, specimens, accompanied witji an accurate fetatemcnt of the process by means of which it was brought into leather, and the time required. Baptism for the Dead. XVc neglected to mention Inst week that a revolutionary soldier was baptized at Nauvoo on the 4th inst. by one of the Elders, for Gen. Washington, an- oiner oui soiuiGr-v;i3 uupuin ui iuusumc -v. ...... The doctrine of the Mormons appears to be, that those who are living must be baptized by one having authority from Joe Smith, or else go to hell ; but those who are already dead may be brought out of torment by a friend or relation recei ving the baptismal rites in their behalf. The nation may rejoice, therefore, that the illustrious patriots above named are now taken from the possession of tho Prince of Darkness, and ff i mitted into th fc-How&hip of i he Saints. 1 Vara w Il.)Sifif"?.