"VERITAS NIHIL VERETUE, NISI ABSCONDI."
BY THOS. A.- FALCONER.
THURSDAY, SEPT. 9, 1841.
VOLUME I NUMBER 7.
1 ' f : ':-
BY AXJTHOI6IT IT! ! !
WORKING ON THE STREETS
Be it enacted Iv the President and Selectmen of the town of Holly
Springs, That alt male persons, within the limits of the Corporation, who,
according to the Road-Laws of the State, would be subject to work thereon,
shall be subject to work, at least, four days in the year, upon the square,
erects, alleys, roads, or other places, in the limits of the Corporation,
under'the direction of such person, or persons, as shall hereinafter be ap
pointed to the superintendence thereof, bringing with them, to the place, or
places, of working-, such tools, or implements, to work with, as the su
perintendent may direct: the time, or times, of assembling- persons, Or
hands together, to perform said labor, and the places, where it shalll be
IctoweeCshall be discretionary, with the overseer, or superintendent, whose
duty it shall be, to give, at least, five days notice, according to law, of his
semiannual workings, to the hands and owners of slaves, who, upon failure to
.so attend and perform labour as required, or to send strong, able bodied
ilstitutcs in their places, shall pay the sum ofone dollar, and for every day's '
iii tire, the overseers' or superintendants' return of delinquency, against
masters and their slaves, free negroes, and white persons, subject to work as
;tforcsaid, to the Jus.ice of the Peace for the town of Holly Springs, shall be
deemed sufficient for said justice to issue notice, similar to that of scicri facias,
to shew cause, on a particular day, why judgment shall not bo awarded
against them, upon being found subject to the fine or penalty, and failing to
pay the same, judgment shall be awarded against them, and execution for the
collection thereof, and all costs; the amount of money thus collected from de
linquents, shall be set apart as a fund, to be appropriated for the payment of
laborers, to be hired by the superintendant, who shall bestow their labor
upon the repair, or improvements, at his discretion, of the several places with
in the Corporation, which the hands had fh-iled to complete, or commence, at
their regular working: say twice a year, spring, and fall, the superin
tendent shall, at the cost of the Corporation, purchase such implements, as ,
is necessary for the hands thus hired, to work with, and keep an eye to the
fun J appropriated for his use, so that he can, at all times, command the ser
vices of laborers to work in cases of emergency repairing bridges, roads or
streets, as soon as ascertained that they require immediate attention, and re
pair The President and Doard of Selectmen, shall employ, by the month or
year, a suitable person to act as superintendent of the workiig of the streets,
alb ys, and all other places within the limits of the Corporation, who shall
notify the hands, as well as to do all other things according to the provisions
of this act; for which service, he shall be allowed, by the President and Select
men of the town of Holly Springs, the sum of two dollars tor every day's
.service his services to commence so soon as he can procure a proper list
ot the h m I s: Ministers of the gospel shall be exempt from the duties aforesaid.
Proridcd, however. That none of the provisions of this act, shall be so con
.tnitd as to release persons from penalties in failing to comply with former
laws. . '
llr il wull litj Ike. Pi csidcut and Schcltien vf lie ioicn of II oily
Si-rats, That the President of the Board and Resident Selectmen, for the
Several wards, bo required from time to time, (so as to always have engaged
m service a patrol,) to appoint a Patrol, consisting of six discreet citizens,
one of whom shall be denominated as Captain thercc f, who, from inability,
or o! her cause, fails to serve as such.- his duties shall be performed by the
first named person, on the list of his members, who, in that event, s'aall
report the same to the President of the Board of Selectmen, who shall ap
point another perscn from the same ward, to fill the vacancy of the member
thus b. coming Captain thereof; whose eiuty it shall be to patrol the town,
for the term of one week, at least three times, or oflcncr if necessary, their
duties to commence at nine o'clock. P. M. and to cease at the discretion of
the captain, when the security of the town docs not seem to reepuire their
"5erviecs; they arc to be governed strictly by the several inflictions of punish
ment imposed upon slaves aud others; by the several acts of the board of Sc
'Itcttr.en, in which particular, reference is made to patrols, as well as the
statute laws of the State: said companies thus organized, to be numbered
and serve weekly as per number of the ward, in rotation, and when the last
ward, (say No. 5,) lias performed its service, No. 1 shall again furnsh its
company, and so on, by wards, that the eTuties may be equalized, amongst
the citizens, and a constant patrol kept up. It shall be the duty of the Pres
ident of the Board of Selectmen, to select and appoint, a pruJcnt, discreet,
and energetic person, to perform the. duties of Sabbath Patrol, whose du
ties shall commence early in the morning, and cease at 9. o'clock at night; his
duties shall be' commensurate with the limits of the Corporation, and in all
things to be governed by the acts passed by the Board of Selectmen, imposing
the infliction of certain punishment upon slaves and others; for said services
he shall be entitled to sur.h compensation, as shall hereafter be agreed upon
by the President and Board of Selectmen, and upon failure to perform the
duties, he shall forthwith;be dismissed, by the President of the Board, and his
place filled by another. Persons appointed captains of companies as afore
said, and refusing to perform' the duty, shall be fined by the Justice of the
Peace for the town aforesaid, five dollars and all cost; upon" failure t: pay the
same, and upon failing nightly, as required, to perform the duties, he shall
ray for each failure two dollars, and cost: the members of the com
pany, appointed aforesaid, after being notified by the captain, whose du
ty it shall be, shall pay for each failure of their nightly duty, one dollar and
cost if not paid : Provided, however, all reasonable excuses may bo consid
ered by the Justice of the Peace as aforesaid, who, in his discretion, may re
mit the same; and it shall farther be the duty of the captain, at the expiration
of his term of service, to make a report, to the Justice of the Peace for the
town aforesaid, of the performance of the company, which shall be deemed
sufficient to authorize the Justice as aforesaid, to award the fines as aforesaid;
said captain, failing to make said report, shall pay the sum of five dollars,
and costs; and it shall be in that event the duty of some member of the com
pany, to make said report to the Justice aforesaid; patrols, thus appointed,
shall be notified of the same, by the clerk t the Board of Selectmen ; which
notice, shall be served by the constable, on the captains aforesaid.
ACT TO REGULATE SLAVES AND FREE NEGROES.
Be it enacted by the President and Selectmen of the town of Holly
Springs, That all slaves and free negroes shall be subject to the infliction of
'the several punishments, herein, attached to their respective offences, within
the limits of the Corporation; and it shall be the duty of the Patrols, Town
Constable, and Justice of the Peace, for said town, to observe a strict execu
tion, and compliance, of the requisitions thereof.
Sec. 1. All slaves passing, or being found, without the enclosure of
- the owner, or employer, on Sabbath days, and after nine o'clock
at nights, without permission from the master, employer, or overseer,
shall receive not less than five, nor more than fifteen lasjies.
Sec. 2. For assembling together in numbers more than three or four, on
Sabbaths or after 9 o'clock at nights they shall each receive not less than five,
nor more than fifteen lashes, with or without passes : Provided, hoicever,
That they shall be allowed on Sabbath days, in day light, to pass from and to
their respective homes, in an orderly manner, to places appointed to preach
the gospel, at which there" shall be present, a free white citizen, house-holder
of the town. The town nonstable, or one of the patrols, whose duty it shall
be, to see that no incendiary ipapers, aic disseminated amongst them, or rebel
lious and insurrectionary views discussed, intimateer", or alluded to.
Sec. 3. For playing at cards, dice, or any Other unlawful game, or play,
they shall receive not less than ten, nor more than thirty lashes, at the dis
cretion of the Justice of the Peace for the town of Holly Springs, at the cost of
the owner or employer.
Sec. 4- For drukennness, and all disorderly conduct, they shall receive
not less than seven,' nor more than twenty lashes, at the discretion of the
Justice of the Peace aforesaid ; and owner or employer, to pay all costs.
Sec. 5. For purloining or stealing money, articles of "merchandize,
clothing, produce or any other valuable thing, they shall be subject (o not less
than ten nor more than thirty lashes, as may be adjudged against them, by
the Justice of the Peace for 'the town aforgsaid, at the cost of the owner,
Sec. G. For vending or offering for sale, without the known permission or
token of the owner, or employer, articles of produce, swine, or meats of any
other kind, poultry, or vegetable production, they shall receive not less than
five nor more than fifteen lashes, at the cost of the owner or employer.
Sec. 7. For assaults and batteries, they shall receive not less than ten
nor more than thirty lashes, and all cost to be paid by the owner, or em
ployer. "Sec. 8. For galloping or running horses, or mules, upon the square,
or through the streets, riding upon the pavements, or driving wagons, cans,
or other vehicles, in an unusual manner, through the square, or upon the
streets, or alleys, so as to endanger the citizens, shall be deemed offences, -for
which they shall receive, not less than ten, nor more than thirty lashes.
Sec. 9. F or permitting slaves, to hire their time, and run at large, except
daily, under the immediate direction of the owner, or employer, shall be deem
ed an offence, for which the owner or employer shall pay for every violation
thereof, the sum of five dollars and costs, and the slave or slaves, thus found,
shall be subject to not less ihan ten nor more than fifteen lashes, at the cost
of the owner, or employer.
Sec. 10. For permitting slaves, to keep, or live in houses, apart from the
residence, or lot of the owner, or employer, under the pretence of any avoca
tion, shall be deemed an offence, for which the owner, or employer, shall pay
the sum of five dollars, for every conviction thereof, until removed, and all
costs; and the slave, or slaves, thus found, shall receive, by the town constable,
or patrol, at least fifteen lashes, for daily violations of this act : Provided,
however, That it may be the privilege of the President of the Board of Select
men, to grant to slaves, at the request of the owner, or employer, the privil
ege of keeping a house, for the carrying on of mechanism, or other trade and
labor, in an orderly and pcacable manner, at which no slaves shall resort at
any one time, in numbers more than three or four.
Sec. 11. Free persons of color, shall pay a tax of two dollars each, for
residing in the town of Holly Springs, and for permitting slaves to resort
to their houses of residence, in numbers more than three or four, or any dis-'
orderly conduct whatever, to be carried on at their houses, as aforesaid, they
shall be deemed guilty of an offence, for which they shall be subject to not
less than ten nor more than thirty lashes, at the discretion of the Justice of the
Peace, for the town aforesaid, and failing to pay all costs, shall be adjudgcel,
by the justice aforesaid, to the performance of hard labor, under the superintcn
dancc of such persons, as he shall direct, until the same be paid.
Sec. 12. All free persons of color, or slaves, for keeping in their respec
tive houses, rooms, or places of sleeping, firearms, or other deadly weapons,
or for carrying the same, (except upon errands by order of the master, or
employer) shall bedecmed guilty of an offence, for which they shall receive
not less than ten nor more than thirty lashes, at the discretion of the Justice
of the Peace, as aforesaid, together withall costs; and the master, or employ
er, to be held accountable, and made pay that of the slave, or slaves, or work
ed out by the free negro r
Sec. 13. For impertinenfor insolent language, or threats, from slaves or
free negroes, to white pcrsons or for menacing or striking a white person, shall
be deemed an offence, for which they shall receive not less than ten nor more
than thirty lashes, at the discretion of the Justice of the Peace.
Sec. 11. And for all unlawful acts, or demoralizing conduct, not particu
iarly provided for in the foregoing acts, all slaves, and free nogrocs
shall be subject to the infliction, of such punishment and imprisonment, as
arc not contrary to the constitution and laws of the State, as shall, or may
be adjudged against them, by the Justice of the Pear.c, for the town of Holly
Springs, not exceeding thirty nine lashes, or three days' imprisonment, as
well as all costs, accruing, to be chargable to the owner, or employer, and
paid, or worked out by the free negro.
ASSAULTS AND BATTERIES, AND OTHER OFFENCES.
Be it enacted by the President and Selectmen of the town of Holly
Springs, That all offences, shall be subject to the fines and penalties, attach
ed to the respective offences, hereinafter described, committed within the lim
its of the Corporation, of the town of Holly Springs, and failing to comply
with, or pay said fines, or penalties, process shall issue by the Justice of the
Peace, for the town aforesaid, for the collection of the same, and cost accord
ing to law.
Sec1. For assaults and batteries, with deadly weapons, the parties, (ex
cept in self-defence,) shall pay a fine of not less than five, nor more than
twenty dollars, at the discretion of the Justice of the Peace, for the town a
foresaid. Sec. 2. For assaults and batteries, of ordinary character, without the use
of deadly weapons, (except in self defence;) the offenders, shall pay the sum
. of from three to ten dollars. .
Sec. 3. For Drunkenness, and disorderly conduct, or for rioting, at an
unusual hour of the night, as well as in the day time, all offenders shall be
subject to a fine of from two to five dollars each, at the discretion of the Jus
tice of the Peace aforesaid.
Sec. 4. For galloping, or running horses, or mules, upon the square,
through the streets, or alleys, riding upon the pavements, or driving carts,
wagons, or other vehicles, upon the square, through the streets, or alleys,
in an unusual manner, so as to endanger the citizens, shall be deemed offen
ces, for which the offenders, shall pay the sum of from one to thiee dollars,
for cach and every cflence, at the discretion of the Justice of the Peace, as
Sec. 5. For vending goods, wares or merchandize with open front
doors, upon the Sabbath day, the offenders shall pay, at the discretion of the
Justice of the Peace .aforesaid, from one to five dollars, for each and every
day's offence thereof. .
Sec. G. For improperly disturbing, a congregation, assembled to hear
preaching of the gospel, each and every offender, shall pay the sum of from
two to five dollars, at the discretion of the Justice aforesaid; and parents and
maTdians, to be thus liable, fotthe acts of their respective minors.
Sec. 7. For tearing down, stoning, or breaking the windows, or otherwise
iniurin"- vacant houses, or destroying the enclosures thereof, all persons thus
offending shall pay the sum of not less than two nor more than twenty dol
lars at the discretion of the justice aforesaid, and parents, and guardians, shall
be liable for the acts of their respective minors, as well as the damages proven
to have been committed, upon said vacant houses. '
Sec 8 For ringing the county or court house bell, for other than county or
town purposes, or'mcetings of a public character, nhercin the citizens of the
. town, or county are concerned, all persons thus offending, shall pay for each
and every offence, the sum of five dollars, and if slaves, to receive fifteen
lashes : Provided, however. That it may be the privilege, of the President of
the Board of Selectmen, to grant the privilege for such ringings, other than
for town or county purpose.-, as he may deem proper.
Sec. 9. For permitting fire-wood, 'lumber, plank, shavings fr6m work
shops, litter, or other obstructions to remain on the square, adjacent to the
doors, of the residents producing the same, or in the streets or alleys, for a
longer time than twenty-four hours, the persons producing said obstructions,
litter, or filth, shall pay the sum of one dollar, for every day the same is
permitted to remain, or so cleansed, as not to be offensive.
Src 10. For permitting nuisances, say dead horses, or mules, cattle, hogs
sheep, dogs, or cats, to remain in the precincts of the owners thereof own
ing them at their death, and failing to rcmovo them without the limits of the
corporation, every person thus offending, shall pay the' sum of two dollar.,
and cost for car h and every offence; and non-residents, or transient persons,
permitting their horses, mtiles, cattle, hogs, sheep or dogs, to die in the corpor
ation, and failing to remove them without the limits, shall pay the sum of
two dollars for each and every offence; and failing therein, process shall forth
with issue, for the same and costs.
Sec. H. It shall be the duty of the town constable, to have removed, at
the expense of the corporation, all nuisances, say hogs, cattle, horses, mules,
sheep, dogs, or cats, without the limits of said Corporation of Holly Springs;
when found as dying, on the hands of the public, as well as those provided
to be removed, by the foregoing section, upon their failing to do so, in which
case, it shall be his duty, to sec that the penalty is strictly enforced agaimt
Sec. 12. For keeping a slaughter-house, lot or pen, within the limits of
the corporation, except by permission or grant, from the President and Se
lectmen, for the town ol Holly Springs, ana siaugutermg inerem, came,
failure thereof, all costs.
, ior tne town oi iiony opnugs, uuu Mauuuui v..nn. ,
sheep, shall be deemed an oflence, for which all offenders, shall pay
offivc.dollars, forevcry day's keeping and killing therein, and upon
Sec. 13. For Exhibiting upon the public square, stallions, and jack-asses,
the owners thereof, shall pay the sum ot ono dollar; and for permitting them to
serve mares, witin the corporation, they shall pay a like sum; and for keep
mg resident jack-asses, or stallions, within the limns oi inc corporation, niu
owners thereof, shall pay, the first thereof, three dollars and the latter five
dollars; failing to pay. any of aforesaid penalties, process shall issue for the
-collection thereof, and costs.
TAVERN AND SHOP KEEPERS.
Be it -enacted by the President and Selectmen of the town of Holly
Springs, That Tavern rind Inn Keepers, within the limits of the Corpora
tion, shall pay a tax from five to, ten dollars, in view of the place and man
ner of keeping said tavern, which shall bo assessed and collected by the as
sessor, as taxable property; and that persons keeping private boarding houses
within said corporation, shall be taxed the sum of three dollars, to be as
sessed and collected as aforesaid; and all persons within the corporation, for
keeping a housp, or shop, for selling produce, porter, ale, candies, &c. or
such other articles as are not included by taxation; shall pay a tax of three
dollars therefor, to be assessed and collected as aforesaid.
SHOOTING IN THE CORPORATION.
Bp. it enacted by the President and Selectmen of the town of Hully
Springs, That all persons (except for necessary purposes,) shooting lire -arm?,
within the limits of the corporation, whether, with lead, or wadding,
shall, upon conviction thereof, pay the following fines therefor, lor each and
every offence: Night offences, two dollars; Sabbath offences, three dollars;
and day-light offences, other than Sabbaths, one dollar; and that parents and
guardians, shall thus be made liable, for the acta of their respective minor.,
and that minors, under the age of fifteen years, shall not be permitted, or al
lowed, to carry within the limits of the corporation, of the town of Holly
Springs, fire-arms, bowie-knives, or othci deadly weapons, and for every such
offence, their parents, or guardians, shall pay the sum of one dollar; on
failure to pay any of the aforesaid penalties, process shall is.-uc for the col
lection thereof and cost.
Be it resolrcd by the President andSclcctmen oi the town of Holly
Springs, That the bounds of the several wards thereof, be composed of tint
following meets and bounds, viz: Ward no I, from Lagrange Street, to OI
ivar's Street, and the Northern side of the public square, North to the lim
its, and cast and west, from Lagrange Strcct.TloJDIivar's street. Ward no 2,
from Northern Bank Street, and Lagrange Street North and West to the
limits. Ward no 3, from Northern Bank Street South, and Centre Street,
West, to the limits. Ward no 4, from Centre Street cast and Huling Street
South, to the limits Ward no 5, from tho Square East, and North and
East, from Olivai's Street, and from Huliug's Street North, to the limits.
TAX COLLECTOR'S DUTY.
Be it Rcsolovd, by the President and Selectmen of the town of Holly
Springs, That the Tax Collector shall, from time to time, pay over to tho
Treasurer, all monies collectrd by him, for Taxes, os well as receive on
other accounts, for the corporation, that the &ame may bo subject to the or
der of the Board of Selectmen, in the hands of the Treasurer; which order
or warrant from the Board of Selectmen, upon the Treasurer, signed by the
President and Clerk thereof, shall be receivable for Taxes, or any othci
dues to the corporation, and so taken by the Tax Collector, or other persons
authorized to receive monies, for the corporation, all of which shall be prop
erly accounted for, by the Treasurer, in his settlement and report, with, and
to , the Board of Selectmen; and at the request of persons entitle to warrants
it shall be the duty of the Board of Selectmen, throjigh the President and
Clerk to issue the same in amounts, not less than five dollars to suit the conven
ience of the holder, instead of the total amount thereof in ono warrant. It
shall be understood, however, that this mode of settlement, is only to apply
to the operations of the present Board of Selectmen, having no refcrencn
to former debts or appropriations by their predecessors, unlcs& the same shall
be expressly provided for by act or resolution, of tho present Board of Select
men: Provided, however. That this mode of warrants shall not prevent the is
suance thereof, in smaller amounts than five dollars, when accounts or debts
providing for, are less than that amount.
Be it resolved by the President and Selectmen of the (own of Holly
S'prings, That it shall be the duty of the President and Clerk of the, Boaid of
Selectmen, to reccivcand audit, all claims and demands held and outstanding
again-t the corporation of the town of Holly Springs, with the view of ascer
taining the amount and scttling.the same, by warrant bearing interest for a
term of months, or years, or otherwise, as the Board may in their wisdom
Be it enacted by the President and Selectmen of the "town of Holly
Springs, That the Board of Selectmen shall annually appoint, or elect, a
Treasurer, for the corporation of the town of Holly Springs, whoso duty it
shall beto keep a just and regular account, cf all monies coming into his
hands, from the tax collector, or other sources, and that he shall not be allow
ed the sum of three per cent, thereon, for receiving and disbursing the
same. It shall be said Treasurer's duty to make a correct report of the fi
. nances of the corporation semi-annually, "to the Board of Selectmen, that they
may publish the sanv, for the information of thc.citizms of ih town.
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