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Holly SraiN j ::::::::MuC! 9, 161 1. bonds hertto.Vc fjrftkcd, until after the kt the burden of despotism in all other hnds: day of July next, nor upon those hereafter and Greece end South America will not rendered or forfeited, until sixty days alter Qon f hh namR lis approval ; but as to the other provisions, . , . . thereof, t shall be in force and cflVct from Mr- Clay was one o. the leaders of the its passage, and all laws in conflict herewith , Republican party until 1S24, and his bold, are repealed. J est enemy, up to that time, dared not dispute .22 - : Republicanism. At the very outset of ! his political career, he opposed die Alien and Sedition laws, with all the powers of his eloquence. He was a warm supporter oi Mr. Jefferson's administration, and introdu ced into the Kentucky Legislature, resolu tions highly approving that administration, j lie was the friend of Mr. Madison, and en ! joyed his special confidence. It was chiefly ! owing to his exertions and influence thai the ; State of Kentucky cast her vote for the lie. publican candidate, Mr. Madison, against De Witt Clinton the Federal anti-war can didate. He was the very pillar of the last war, and maintained its propriety and neces sity, ogainst Mr. Quincy, Mr. Randolph, and other eminent orators. It is not our de sign to enumerate the great services Mr Clay has rendered his country, and for which she will ever be grateful. What we have chiefly in view is to vindicate his claims to true Republicanism. Previous to the old Federal party had become al most extinct, and so completely had the Re publican parly triumphed, that there remai ned not even the semblance of a party pro fessing what was formerly termed Federal principles, the most prominent of which was concentrated government and strong exec utive. Mr. Clay gave his vote for John Quinr.y Adams, against Jackson and Craw ford, the regular caucu.s candidate, and in exercising this right of free choice, he in curred the resent.nent of Gen. Jackson and his friends, who have waged unceasing war fare against him from lhat day to this ; at one time attempting to crush him by open assaults, at another trying to undermine his reputation by the infamous tongue of slan der. But all to no purpose. It is true that once, he was left unsupported by any but his Kentucky neighbors, who knew him, and who never deserted him; but now from Maine to Louisiana, from cape Sable to thtj Rocky mountains, the echo is returned to Kentucky's approbation of her noblest son. Compare the administration of the last Ad- ams, with its economy, regularity, modera tion am Hpcnrnm. wiih ihp siir.ref dins' years of extravagance, experiment, executive ag gressions, cabinet explosions, seizure ot pub lie monies, corruption of public officers, union and discipline of parties, humiliations of the people's representatives at the hot of the executive, unheard of exercise of the ve to power, threatened disruption of the Un ion, roil PIIESIDEXT, HENRY CLAY. 'Let ne not be misunderstood, and let me en ... thai I mav not be mish epre'-knted. I AM "nT ADVOCATING THE REVIVAL OF X incru rixoTUOTivu TAniri'. i . r. BiD!N.i ev the principles of the Compromise Act I arulor ioir what no Southern man of a lair anJ candi t mind has iter yet denied Civ in?, the Countrif a ItKVKXVK vhickinay provide lor the economical WANTS of the Govern ment, and at the same time give an Incidental i rotecti-jn to our home industry, inhere be here a single gentleman who will deny the lair r.ess and propriety of this 1 shall be glad to .see and hear who he' is." Extract f rom the Speech of Henv Clay, delivered in the L'.S. Senate, March. 1st, 1612, a shott time before re tiring from tAat body. Wlite State Electors. JOHN I.GUION. OK WARREN. T. J. STUART, OF AMITE. I. N. DAVIS, Or PANOLA. P. II. STARKE, CP LOW DNES' A. D. BRADFORD, OK MARSHALL. HENRY GRAY, OF WINSTON. 2 HENRY CLAY A FEDERALIST! From certain demonstrations not to be mistaken, the 'democracy' (par excellence) rtlying upon the ignorance and gullibility of the ' people, which Lai more than once a vailed them, or acting upon one of their Je euitical principle?, that 'a lie well stuck to, is as good as the truth,' intend to proclaim far and wide, in this Presidential canvass, the unjust and unfounded slander that heads this article. We are aware that they are necessarily compelled to resort forsaftty, to the aid of two potent and almost irresistible words 'democracy' and 'Federalism,' unjust ly usurping the one to themselves, and, if possible, more iniquitiously endeavoring to fasten the other upon their opponents; but, WC are not disposed iu aa.nu even iue plea of necessity to justify so presumptious a claim, and so wicked a falsehood. Let the honest people of the country, have lighten the subject. Light, light, is all the cause of truth demands, to make itself manifest, and dispel the darkness which would exclude it. We call upon whig editors throughout the country to meet the charge as it deserves, increase of banking capital, consequent de- and put its trumpeters to the blush. Wcde-' rangement of speculation, depravity of public fy those who make it to give us the evidence and the facts upon which it is based. We challenge them to draw the parallel be tween the principles of Mr. Clay and those of the Federalists who opposed Mr. Jeffer son's administration. Let the test of federal morals, to say nothing of later manifestations of public corruption in repudiating State debts and nullifying laws of Congress, which may be traced to preceding political movements ; and, perhaps, a reason for Mr. Clay's vote in 1824 may be found in his foresight and , - i j i j- . i ' sagacity, without resorting to the far-fetched ism be cot rectly lata down, according to his-; J lory, and we will cheerfully consent to be tried by that test, and to be weighed in the balances with them, to see which is found wanting. Mr. Clay a federalist! when, where, how was he a federalist? Let us look in to his history a little, and see what ground this charge has to rest upon. The son of a poor Baptist preacher, he was left an or phan at the age of four years, with six broth ers and sisters to be brought up by a mother scarcely possessed of the means of a scanty subsistence, and like all other poor boys he was compelled to work for his living. With the exception of learning to read and Mrr tck.l, Mr. 01 to w- debted to his unaided exertion for all the knowledge he ever acquired. He was pla ced in a retail store, afterwards in a Clerk's office, and at length studied law. Splendid training this, for an autocratic federalist ! It is to this experience of poverty, that we might trace in a great measure, the sympa thy for the poor of all classes which has ever distingusihed his subsequent life; at one time showing itself in his efforts in behalf of the American mechanic and laborer in every department, affording him a fair remu neration for his labor, and protecting it from the ruinous competition of strangers. At another time in behalf of suffering seamen incarcerated into British men of war, whose sufferings he painted in all their colors in "the glowing eloquence of his speeches, when he roused his countrymen to war i- ainst British oppression. But his sympa thy for poverty and suffering was not conff ncd to his own land, but when opportunity presented itself, he endeavored to alleviate pretence of Federalism But we are told that Mr. Clay is in favor of a National Bank. Very true; but what has that to do with Federalism? This was not a strict party measure nt the outset. As early as 1S00, Mr. Crawford and other lead ing Republicans were in favor of a National Bank, and it was not then, nor has it since been regarded as a federal measure. Tt is true Mr. Clay was opposed to it in 181 1, and so was Mr. Madison. In 1S1G, immediately after the war, Mr. Madison recommended the charter of a National Bank as absolute ly essential to the salvation of the country The public debt was $1 19.G33.55G, the banks had all suspended specie payments, wc nad to purchase abroad all the comforts of life, and specie was exported until it was supposed there was only fifteen millions of specie in the country. Exchange on Eng land arose to 20 and 25 per cent, above par. In this disastrous state of things, President Madison recommended a National Bank and a Protective Tariff, and it was supported by a report of Mr. Dallas, Secretary of the Trea sury, as the "only adequate resource to relieve the country from its embarrassments.' Mr. Calhoun introduced the Bank bill, and it was carried by a large majority. That Congress was composed of Republicans al most entirely. In the House there were 177 Republicans out of 182. In the Senate 24 to 12. And yet, we are gravely infor. med that the United States Bank was a fed eral measure! Oh tzmpora! oh mores And who are they that make this charge against Mr. Clay? They are those who arc now supporting a man for the highest office in this government, who .was opposed j to 2,1 he late war; who was in favor of De Witt Clinton in opposition to Mr. Madison : who was a member of the Albany Regency; who was opposed to universal suffrage who was in favor of free negroes rotin: who was opposed to the admission of Missouri as a slave state; who is in favor of (he Sub treasury, system which places the public monies under the control of the Pres ident and his appointee r; who recommended what was equivalent to a standing army of 200.000 men; who claims for the executive, a portion of Legislative power against the letter and spirit of the constitution; who holds the new-fangled principle of unity in the cabinet, or that all ofiioe holders should con form-to the President's will or be dismissed from office; who exacts it of his officers that they should take part in elections to secure lhe success of hts party. Tire wholetenorof whose principles is to strengthen the execu tive power; who squandered in his admin istration S33,000,000, per annum;- who witnessed defalcations for years, until they had grown to several hucdred thousand dol lars, without dismissal from office, or calling to account; whose opinions are not known certainly, upon several leading questions of public policy; and who has given no cer tain evidences cf having retracted his former federal principles. And yet, this man is the quintessence of modern democracy, and Mr. Clay is a federalist! Is not such an unblushing assumption, publicly announced and discussed, enough to doubt the intelli gence of the people ? And would not Thomas Jefferson if now living, find enough in the present state of parties and condition of political affairs, to give vent to another expression of want of confidence in popular virtue and intelligence, as he did in relation to the Alien & Sedition law. After speak ing of the efforts making to increase execu tive pewor, he says: "That these things are in contemplation, 1 have no doubt, nor can I be confident of their failure, after the dupery of which our countrymen have shown themselves susceptible" Cor. Vol. 2 page 402 The word democratic as a party name, is of very recent origin. The old division of parties was Republicans and Federalists. Mr. Jefferson and Mr. Madison were Re publicans, and along with them Mr. Clay fought under the Republican banner. He now claims to be fighting in the same cause, which is of late, as well known by the acci dental name of whig. The principles which he advocates are Republican principles, fie knows no other. The party opposed to him have taken the new name of democrats, acci dentally called locofocos by themselves, we believe. Their leader was a federalist at the outset, opposed to the war, and in favor of Mr. Oliiuuu, vrhioh wora irneidered test Questions. Where and when did he retract? One of their most prominent men was heard to boast that "not a drop of democratic blood coursed through his veins." When did he recant ? The great object of the old feder alists was to strengthen the executive in al 1 his acts of despotic or doubtful authority. They have introduced a new system of ex ecutive pretension unknown to the simplici ty of our Republican administrations. Mr. Jefferson's greatest fear was from the undue influence of the President, snd once remar ked that our executive had an awful squinting towards a monarchy." Against these the Republican party are now warring as they did in former days. On our flag is to be seen "a reduction of the veto power,' and "one executive term' Notwithstand ing tne principles oi our party are tne old Republican principles; notwithstanding the modern democratic party, as Mr. Clay said a short time ago in the Senate, "entertain no one principle of the Republicans of 1798," yet they tell the people that they are the Si mon-pure Republicans, and that we are fed eralists!! And what is more to be regret ted, many honest men, are deceived by the boldness of the assertion. But we hope the day is at hand, when the people will try parties by their measures, and leain to know them by their fruit. When a party puts on the democratic cap, and approaches the peo ple with flattery and protestations of high regard for the dear people,' it is the part of wisdom to take the alarm, for fear such hon ied sweets are but designed to conceal some dangerous evil. It was the savin? ofa great man, when one approached him with flattery, 'what deviltry is he now hatching ' And the saying was a wise one. OUR CLAY CLUB. As the Marshall County Clay Club- was prevented from holding' its regular meeting in the Court House on Monday last, on ac count of the session of the Court, the meet ing will be held on Monday evening next; and it is hoped that all who can will avail themselves of the opportunity to attend. It is high time for the whigs of Mississippi to be up and doing, Our opponents are every where organizing for the great contest next fall. Let us bring all of our energies to bear against them, that we may give Mississippi a place among the 20 Whig States of the Union next fail. fid3" Since the Maryland elections, and error and locofocoism's defeat, the Globe is denouncing Maryland as a repudiating State. Poor fool, does he not know that others know as much about repudiation in Mary land as he does; and he knows as well as any Other poroon, fh ropuditinn wne only found in locofoco counties and districts, and that nothing but the efforts and success of the whigs prevented the cusre of repudiation from falling on that State. in the bloody conflicts of the revolntion. A 5 that line was instrumental in aiding to plant honor, and patrctis iena it as I understood A him . , . - the tree ofiiberty amidst scenes of blood and j V0. t.fizhif0, ilj;' - privation, their legitimate descendants, the j 0fthe fa.t that tLuiM ; whigs of '44, have shown to the world that; been invited bv cur (.nm". !?u ;' r u'-ii- they are able to defend and protect it from j arrived this tnornin at th c." . . , - mi s ernmpnt t.- n the scathing influence of Locofoccism. The j C1"'1 0 commence nego-.iv.i, States re- """y aro n up and J.,-..r. . i-lj "U5i nave sar-u.' LOUD'S CELEBRATED PIANOS. We would direct the attention of all the the lovers of good instrumental music to the advertisement of Mr. Loud in our columns of to day. So far as the finish and tone is concerned, we can safely assure the public that Mr. L.'s instruments cannot be equalled by any in the South-west. Parents who are desirous at any time to purchase a good instrument for their daughters would do well o avail themselves of the present opportuui y. With such instruments placed in the parlor of every family where there are young ladies, we feel confident that the complaint so ofen made, that girls lose all taste for mu sic so soon as they leave school, will be ef fectually silenced. We are not at all sur prised that a young lady accustomed to exe cute on a good instrument at school, should lose all relish for playing, when, on her ar rival at home, she is required to give evi dence of her improvement and abilities by being conducted to a square box, filled with iron wire and pewter bells. There is some thing in the appearance and tone of a Piano which will rivet the attention, elicit execu tion, and gradually tends to the perfection of that desirable accomplishment, for which so much time and money are frequently spent in vain. confidence the whigs of the other posed in those of Maryland, kept tbem com paratively silent in anticipation of so impor tant an issue.. The Locos, on the contrary, sent forth their shouts and huzzas in antici pation ; trusting thereby to add a stimulous to the expiring hopes of the heterogeneous mass arrayed under the many colored ban ner of ''Modern Democracy." The whigs of Maryland have set us a no ble example, and one that will be imitated by at least twenty States in the Union during the present year. The days of the arch traitor are drawing to n close, and no more whig States will be carried by default; but others will be added to the number that so nobly defended revolutionary principles in 1S40. ,7 Jssune hope tf Presidential election. Theac V Oregon question, or r.i:hr c0-;'r question as already settled, anjTC own without or);,, i : , tlnrr of ili .tiA .-,.! ..r ' Ui.U UL-J Jfjp f( - I - -. . . 4- ! . am uuta uui give r. Up, WC h out go to war ior n. T r.-' may give them a chance in ti,e"cC accidents. That tijt-reh i!," 11. i rr sive,) there can be no doubt 1 , , For the Gazette. Mr. Editor: The last "Guard7' has been shown tne, in which are two communications peculiarly adapted to its columns. The one over the signature of 'Review' is a bungling attempt at wit, by the Joe Miller of the Bar, who prefers relying for success in his cases upon anecdotes, which he appropriates to himself from every quarter, rather than the law, Cor.gres?, (1 trust it will VCS S:iV SO. Rut I tn:t iS be so easily gulkd the Qrest i" them will cahnty and pa'.i..r,'!v V . 7 c the parties to tin's dispute ( f ,"r own Government admit? it tjb0bl'.C'' and quietly abide the issue, h u ' ' f to decide upon what they will ''".' '"' hear the merits ot tn controversy--"': result cf the negotiation. : ' Mr. Phelps concluded 1 the Tarill'to day and his renarksa-V. to me practical an 1 senaL !e ' I "i the ultra and uncompromising c : ' . t the advocates of free traJ ;i:i.J those ofa revolutionary inKr.:',- ; -theSenitor from South Caiolina w fo:ce, but also with the u'.:a;;; c;u... The subject you will perceive was ! on the table, under an izr.ima.kn l Bextox would speak upon it ru.v.. we may expect thunder, if no! On Saturday, Ex-S cn tari -$ r and Pout eh took tht ir "hst d. I r . . which he has never read. The resemblance AIr 1 'ler and 'V;M proh.o I" irom tut and the few place men. Mm l)u! L!c. i. i ir Ji- iiuuiiuu .u lu.iiij uu. ij i U'-' ucio ttu unworn aiij iita utiuc v'l uaiiiiaiic l 1 . t . i - It IJ II II 111 11 -.O HlllUUHLLU ill U lUIUI U1ILV TEMPERANCE. When will our Washingtonians make an other effort to reclaim some of their mem bers, and rescue others from the blighting curse that is settling upon them like a blast ing mildew? Were they sincere in the ef fort heretofore made? If so, why stop be fore iuo rotk la hatrdone' Why this pro tracted silence of the sentinels on the watch- tower of temperance, when the young and unguarded are seen, on every side, stepping into the streams of liquid damnation, that flame down our streets in fiery torrents? Meetatth? Methodist Church Wednesday night, and answer the above questions; and move a regeneration of the old, or frame a new society. The character of our town, our schools and our families require a new eflbrt. d" The whigs of New York are carry ing everything before them in the town elec tions field throughout the State. MARYLAND ELECTIONS, in unbroken Phalanx Six Whig Mem bers of Congress elected. John P, Kennedy, Johm M. S. Cavsin, Francis Brengle, John Wetiiered, Thomas A. Spencer, Dr. Jacob A. Preston, The Whigs of Maryland have made a clean sweep of the field in the election con test of Wednesday last. The work has been done thoroughly in every District the ad vocates of "free trade!1 have been discomfit ted in every District victory has perched upon the banner of Clay and the Tariff. Maryland sends an entire Whig representa tion to the halls of Congres, comprising men of talent, intelligence, high personal stand ing, and sound political principles. She has faithfully done her duty in the opening political contest of 1844, and her bright ex ample presents a strong appeal to her sister States to go and do likewise. Bait. Amer. Never, since the days of the revolution, did old Maryland give more incontroverta- ble evidence that she still retains the spirit of '76, than in the contest for a Congressional delegation. As that election was the first of the skirmishes that will precede the great presidential conflict of 1844, the entire Un ion looked with intense interest to the result The whigs throughout the land entertained that confidence in the indomitable energies of the whigs of Maryland which was always entertained towards the . old Maryland line dote in the conclusion of his communication, occurred to me as so very striking that I shall never see the one without thinking of the other. There is a musical alliteration, too, in their names, which would almost tempt one to weave them together in a bal lad; and if the writer had given us the an cient ballad to which Le has referred, I would have attempted a "parody" in which "R &nd his ram" should both hav had a showing, and divided the honors be tween them. I have always thought that the writer of that article would, in due time, abandon his ridiculous aspirations after office and distinction, and come down to things O more upon, a level with his merits and his understanding-, and I find that I was not mis taken. "God giveth short horns to the mis chievous" ox." He will do less harm as the writer of vulgar squibs for an obscure village newspaper, than he might have done in oth er stations which he dil nr. reich; & I con gratulate him upon having at last found an employment which will compel a tardy and ungrateful public to appreciate his talents The Democrats, a? a pirty profisstr . ! strict followers of Mr. Jiif.-rfon. know how it is, b it their oignus Jon.: n ly agree with each other on this sul ,v.. example, while our mighbors ofUnioM profess to belong to the true Jt-ifeeriUr.j.r;.; the Cincinnati Enquirer, aleiJinD . c ratio paper of Ohio, pronouucis b ;.: trines obsolete. Here it; The man who WAS a Domojr and his taste. O. e tylive years ago, and entertains the p.-.r 1 pies NOW, that the party DI U twn :v ; , . years ago, and has not progressed w-, : party, but ramained stationary, IS TWF.V TY-F1VE YEARS BKIUNI) Tilil TIMES AND THE PA1ITY." Again, it S3ys : "He is not a Democrat NOW. N r the man who stands in relation to some pr r. riples now where lhe Democratic pinv ii only ten years ago. '.S NOT A PEM CHAT NOW. You must ch.in;- v ground, if you wish to be esteemed a I) crat of 1S43. You must abanJ.m a p of your SUPERANNUATED FAITH Banks. The total number ofBai.kj operation in the United States in 1SJ 5, n five hundred and forty three; with p.n gregite capital of two hundred and ;-. millions two hundred and fifty lhous.ir.i-; ..-lars. Correspondence of the Baltimore Patriot. Wash i xgton, Feb. 19, 1844. When I went into the the gallery of the Senate today, I found Mr. Archer was presenting a bill to appropriate some two or three thousand dollars for the purchase of a number of Mr. Grecnhow's book on the subject of our title to the Oregon Territory, the object of which was to enlighten the people on that point. I was not a little sur prised to hear the worthy Senator say, and afterwards to hear it confirmed by Mr. Buc hanan, that we could show up 7io title whatever to some three or four degrees of latitude of lhat delightful region, but by means of this book ; which the compiler had been at infinite pains and labor for years, by exploration, translation from the Spanish authorities, and ransacking archives whose authorities extended back to the remotest record touching the subject and the happy result was that it made out our title beyond doubt or question. The Senator from Mis souri, Col. Benton, with whom the Ore gon county, you know, is one of his hobbies, fired up at the idea of the Government buy ing up more books for distribution among members of C.mgres declared lhat ho never had and never would accent of one of the publications which Congress had pat ronised all of which he characterized, in the lump, as an enormous w-aste, and most monstrous abuse of the public money and which he denounced with a vehemence of manner and a force of lungs, that would occasion any simple minded man, who had never heard him before, to imagine that the amiable and affable Senator was really in a migniy big passion. But I can hardly think it tould be so, because there really ap peared to me no cause for it although in his general remarks upon the impropriety of extensive purchases of books for members of Congress, I pretty nearly agree with him. But if this boo!; of Mr Greenhow's is going to establish our title to so laiirea nor- tion of that beautiful country, and as Sena tors say we have no other means of doing it I was really surprised at Mr. Benton's vehement opposition to the measure propo sed, which he declared again and again that he would fight inch by inch lhat he would. , I was the more surprised at this, as he said now, and I had heard him say before, but nt this time with a degree of ve hemence and warmth that one even in our Congress seldom hears excelled, that the Territory belonged to us, and that interest, I County Elections Tne clccticr.5 Saturday for county oilicers-Shenft C . &.C., resulted in the choice of theolJ t:f.: ;. without a single exception, we believe. V Hatdeway is,SheriF; Col. Biown, 0 . . Mr. Fuller, do ; Mr. Reeves. Rt-gisTer; V Jamison, Trustee. Mem Daily a:U. Fatal and S in guinary Du?l. We l;yi by passengers thatBcame up the river, ir.:: a duel occurred recently oppcs:te i:is burg, between Mr. llammett, editor c! Vicksburg Whig, and Mr Ryan, f-'-r 1 the Sentinel, in which the latter wj? ki We have learned no oilier particu'.ns n cepting that they exchanged four shots one of which, and sometimes both his antagonist each fire; the fourth r..'t--Ryau fell dead Mem Daily Eagle. "My love," said a lady to her hu?:, with her month screwed up ;is if f' been eating green persimmons a fa 1 :: " "My love, will you condescend to hsni r? thojc expungcrs, thnt I miy eradKai? extraneous matter from the lumtriiry, may shed forth its rays more etfu!gcn5 resplendently "My dear your condescension is sept--" ous," dirty replied the husband. , "Well then, Sail, you wench, coxt sr. snuffihe candle." A Great body of Snow. The ?roUI C r5' now burdened by about three f'tt ci - -upon a level, and well packed ty ; rains and warm suns. On the hil-s ' is well "cocked up" for the sKmmcr.---'"' ampion Courier. ' Leap Year There is to be a February this year, which is common led leap year. We notice it tor irf T ,3 of our female readers, who have, asr goes, certain extraordinary pn ' ".".,., -' year. Those born on the 20th of I-;-behold the recurrence of a birthday , ly in four years. Ladies have this je right of being suitors, and 'pcrrin2 ue tion? themselves. He that putteth the Bible iow ofa child, gives him more than a k?- .f for it gives him a key to the km heaven.