Newspaper Page Text
"VERITAS NIHIL, VERETOR, NISI AESCONDI."
BY THOS. A. FALCONER. THE HOLLY SPRIXGS GAZETTE mihU-hfi in the town of Holly Springs, Mis ,at Tire: Dollars rxTaonum !( 2 ; ( Pr , Thrr ih.uars and lfty (' iis pay s wi'hirii m..r,th--ai)d vr'wyj ai th ri,''v,ir. ibn:non Uu.en fur less tLa- V.'.f'h" 4.11 tiv.r:tients will te incited at 51 1 ;re( I'-n i;n" or ic-; ior me nisi ni-cr- (fr; ,.,,.;.;, t '. wiih the mmrof in ....:' -n- on ih-m, will I? i.oer!el until orderea ari-l charge. I acvordir.ly. A!H!--':t-'-' tandi late, lor office will r t.j fl i;uU!!iy :--., i i: pai-i uou a 01 au.ii ;..-a i p. ' n - i r r:.mi? in town. -' y .'' . a,! ire -t to the Editor, on bu-ines H i h iL t:l.ee, mut Lc pot paid to secure atten T' Cnsh rnn-t re paid for all JoI Worl t',:.- at ihi oiii'-e a ooa as delivered. lW.it h Louis rills Journal of Mure ft MOST AWFUL AM) LAMKNTA JIf: CATASTROPHE! 1 N.STAN. TAN i;OIJS I !:ATII 1IV THE BUR- -i ofone of the larck i!.S ON' II )AIU THE IJ. S. S HIP PKIN C 12 T( N . O F S E C RE . TkV UP.sm-.R, .SECRETARY CILMER. COMMODORE KEN .V )N, AND VIKGIL MAXCV, Er. The Nation il I'Ueliif'f.cer o! .Miirrti 1st., contains the following melancholy intelligence, wlucii win caii a nvvr ihi; whole Union: Jo the whole course of oar gloom ives n In never fallen to our lot to announce 1 our reader a more shocking calami it v shocking in ali its ciicunisianc?..? :md concomilarits than that which occurred on board the United Stales hip Piir.ee ton, yesterday afternoon, whilst rnder wr.y, in the river Puiooj. nr. fourteen miiVi below ihis city. "Yesterday was a day appointed, by liie courtesy Jind ho-tpitality cS Capt, Stockton, commander cf thp Pnnceton, or receiving as visitfirs tJ t!i? .'iae ship (!vitg oli" Alfxan iri 1) a creat number 1 -t:Vst?, w ill their famih'e., liberally anJ numerously inviied to spenjl the i'jv tirj board. Tlse day wn? most oi:r il)!', and the company was lai .e ;.i ! b.i'Siant, of belli sxe; no; bss, I r.l ;.:!.ly, in number, than four bun .:".!, an:ii; whom were I lie Pres" d' t t vX tlij United, States, Ue head-. ! if several departments ami their 1 t.j.i ies. At a proper hour, after the .i.nvj! in u.c h"-i.-v 11. u ri -ot under way ac.d prnce,r. i!.-nn ihe river, to some distance beL-- Fort Washington. During the passnf. down, one of the large guns on board j ('arryir.ua ball ol pounds) was tired more than i.nce, exhibiting Ihe creat I'c-.Mrnnd capacity of that for mid a bu-;-apon if v,nr. The Inoies bud parta km of a sumptuous repast; the gent' tin bad succedtd litem al the tab'e, ;if.d sor.;- of them bad left it: the vej tf wa on Iier return np the river, op p: ile to the lort, w here dpt. Stockton ns-enied to fire another shot from the :.t.ie gun, around and near which, to o!.or e its elVcrct, many persons had gathcrtd, thntipli by nn means sonra ny r.3 on similar discharges in Ihe mor niiig, the ladies wfio then thronged the ili-ck I eing, on ihi? fatal occasion, a! most all between decks, and out of reach of harm. "The oiin was fired. The explosion wq followed, before the smoke cleared away so r.s to observe its effect, by ffahks of wo which announced a dire ralara'ty. The gun had burst, at a F ht three )rfotirfcet from the breech, r.riil cattercd death and desolation a T'und. Air. Upsher, Secretary of Si;itr, .?r. Gilmer, so recently placed the l ead of the Navy, Commodore Afrr.on, one of its gallant officers, ;fgil Maxcy, lately returned from a W.atic residence at the Hague, Mr. t-arilner, of New York, "(formerly a JV'fn.ler of tfe Senate from that State,) fre among the ?la'm. Resides these. -eit-ntfca seamen wf-ic wounded, sev eral of thein badly and probably mortal ')'. Amorg those stunned by' the con ' ision. we learn not all seriously in ured, were Captain Stcckion himself; lier.ton, of the Senate; LieUt. Hunt, of the Princeton; XV. D. Rob M'tm. of Georgetown. Oihcr per ;;ns a'50 were perhaps more or less in jure?, of whom, in the horror and con-H-sion of the moment, no certain ac unt cou'd be obtained. The above are hlieved, however, to compiise the jw' oleofthe persons known to ihe pub 'c who were killed or dangerously or seriously huit. The scene upon the deck may more easily he imagined than described. Nor ran the imagination picture to itself tr-e half of its horrors. Wives, widow in an instant by the murderous blast! Paughters smitten with the heart-rend :n? sight of their father's corpse! The amng of the agonized females! The IHeom grief of the unhurt but Ixeart- stricken spectators! The wounded sea I men borne down below! The silent .us mm ijuivcini- up 01 ineir uravc I r . i . j and honet comrade.-, who tried in vain u, suudu or to conceal their feelings! .... , , , . o What rrci can adequately depict a scene like this? The bodies of the killed remained on board the ship last night. They will be brought to the city this morning,' A letter to us from a member of Con gress, dated on the evening of the horri- 1 ble calamity, nftcr giving a statement of the killed, saj: The boa', is now at Alexandria. Capt Stockton is badly wounded. Col. Renton is reported hurt. "Airs, (ii.'mer and Aliases Gardners are nu board and not conscious of iheir loss when our infoimant left, as they were iielow in the cabin, and were pre vented from coming up. You can form little iuea of the deep distress that per vades the city.' From the Ilaltimore Sun we gather the following additional items: "The Hon. J. W. Tyson, 2-1 assis tant Postmaster General, had hi hat cut and a piece ol the gun, about six in ehes in length, quietly rested on the top of his head. "The Hon. Mr. WickliiTe had start- p, logo on deck with Judge Upshur, I when some one below called detain d him for a second, and thereby saved his life. "The Sectary of War, to avoid the crack of the gun, advised the President to jro below where thev were when the calamity happened. sitting "The legs of Messrs. Upshur and Gii mer are shockingly mutilated. "Capt. Stockton, as soon as the shock overwhelmed him, caught his chin, then clapped his hands up each side of his face, and was in the act of leaping overboard, when he was caught by the Hon. J. W. Tyson." The Madisonian says : "The breech was severed, and carried away the bulwark of the ship opposite to it, It was the iron fragments, it is supposed, which struck down so many on board, and who could not have been behind the gun. The accident took place about sunset A steamboat from .iexandria, whicli was passing, -was cnl iack to town, and returned with "s, vera I surgeons. t.-',e samenumber of our paper which contains the unfortunate Gilmer'a ad oress to ma constituents, bears tnem ai- so the account of his death." DESTRUCTION OF THE S TEAM- HO A T BUCKEYE BE. T WEEN GO &S0 LIVES LOST. On Friday the lst ins!, the steamer De Soto ran into the steamer Buck eye, in Red River, about S miles above the mouth. The B. was struck near the starboard hatch, and sunk to her hurricane deck in 5 minutes, in 20 feet water. The scene that ensued is des cribed a havinrr been heart rending in tne extreme. The passengers were in their night clothes and the warning was so brief that all was consternation; mothers screaming for their children; husbands, fathers, brothers, rushing wildly from cne part of the boat to an other to save their dearest earthly trea sures, furnishedti scane truly horrifying. To save oneself was the most that could be done and the helpless women and children those who, in such an ex treme and pressing emergency as this would have commanded the best aid that human effort could give were left to the remorseless liand ofdeath. The Pjcavune savs: It is impossible, at present, to give the number who liavo thus been car ried into eternity with certainty, bu ail accounts a?ree that it must have been between sixty and nighty! Mr. Hyams of Alexandria, whose family was with h jr, lost his daughter, a beautiful lit tle girl of about ten years of age, with his wife's sister, Miss Elizabeth Smith, who is described as an accomplished voung ladv. Thiej gentleman also lost some fifteen negroes, who.bcing on the lower deck could not be saved. Mr. Alex. McKenzie, late of Florida, lost his wife, seven children, and four ne groes; Mr. John Blunt, also from FlorU da, lost his wife, child, and seven ne groes; and two of the children of Col. King were also lost. A young man named Pcllard supposed to belong to Natchez, had an amount ot money in the clerk's office. It was handed to him, but since then he has not been seen. A child of Mr. While was lost; and two sisters of a young man, whose name wo could not learn, are also among the drowned. The latter had been laken on board but a few hours SATURDAY", MARCH 16, 1844. before at the Red River landing. Mr. Heard, one of the unfortunate pussen r -t . gem 01 ine isjcKeye, attempted to swim ashore w.th Ins young nephew upon his back, bat in theendeavor bath were drowned. The abnve nnm?s em- brace all that we could gather with cer tainty a few days will doubtless add others to the melancholy list. The De Soto remained by the wreck till the last, her offers exerting them selves to the utmost in saving the lives and propertyof the passengers upon the sinking boat. Near lortv livens were saved by the mate of the De Soto with the yawl, who picked them up r. T!i2 night was clear and in the water, i the moon shedding a brilliant liht; else ; the lives of many more would have been lo?t. The De Soto arrived at our Levee yesterday morning with many of the sulferers on board The lamentations of those who had lost their families were still heard mothers were still crieving for their children thus entire y cut off. The bodies Mr. Ilyam's little irl and sister-in-law were re covered, as was also that of one of the children of Col. King. In addition ihe bodies of tnree other children have 4 been found. Such are the particulars, so far as we have been able to learn them ,of this unfortunate casuali'y-a casuality which has sent so nnny human beings thus suddenly before their Maker. Although we have heard peisons attach blame to some of the oIicers of the Buckeye, i:i not keeping their proper position in the river, others again cntirelv exone rate them; and we are inclined to be lieve that the collision was one of those sudden accidents which prudence in vain endeavours to combat. The boat, together with the cargo, is a total loss, although many of the hands were Jeft by the wreck to save such trunks and other property as might tloat." We find the following, names in the Natchez Courier, as among the saved. Isaiah Garrett, Th. C. Scarborough, T. C. Kellam, Brecthaupt, Tnos. L. Lude ling, Peter Jarvis, O. D. Stillman, Isaac R. Dewitt, Samuel Glenn, jr., Benj. Kaufman, Thos. B Files, A. J. Elier, John II. Kellam, S. L. Cere B. B. Hart, II. M. Hyams, J. Duchaire, II. Filhiol, Richard King, John Wyatt and George Hertory, J. Farrar, W. D. AIcCov, J. V onder Hoyt, Jas. IT. Park ham, A. A. Nelson, John T. Gray, N. Li. Alvers, E. farrar, A. rontaine, W. H. Kitchen, E. Hubyson, Robt. Hall, N. Parsons, A. II. Hickman, W. Rob inson, H. M. Eiler, A, West George Hogan. M - . . DEATH OF NICHOLAS B1DDEE Late President of the United States Bank. The Philadelphia Gazette of Feb. 27, says; "For pome months past it has been known to the friends of Nicholas Bidclle that his heallh was greatly im paired and his permanent recovery doubtful. It is our painful task to an nounce that the disease which had so long, afflicted him, terminated his life this morning, at Andalusia. Tha hour of his death was about four o'clock. The last illness of Mr. Biddle was accompanied by great suffering. In the early stages of the disease, he occasion ally visited the city, but exhibited to those who met him no token of physical distress. His fortitude was conspicu ous to the last. Ho leaves a widow, several children and numerous rela tives and friends to mourn his loss.at an age when they might well have hoped to witness the exercise of his varied powers in their full vigor." ..' . '? Women's Love ojt Flowers. In ali countries, women love flowers; in all countries they form nosegays of them ; but it is only in the bosom of plenty that they conceive the idea of embellishing their dwellings with them. The culti vation of flowers among the peasantry, indicate a revolution among their feel- mgs. 11 is a aencate picasuie, wmcn makes way through coarse organs; it is a creature whose eyes were opened ; it is a sense of the beautiful a faculty of the soul which is awakened. Those who have travelled in the country, can testify that a ro?etree under the wtn dow,a honeysuckle around the door of the cottage, are always a good omen to the tired travel'er. The hand which cultivates flowers, is not closed against the application of the poor or the wants of the stranger. Trce. A philosopher says that "though a man without money is poor, a man with nothing but money is still poorer." From the Richmoad Wu ig. IMPORTANT DOCUMENT. AcomjTJratitre statement of the whole sale price of Goods in the various branches of trad.-in the city of. Richmond, carefully made up from actual sales in the year 1S 41 when the Tariti; uaJer the Compromise Act, ranged at the very lowest rates of doty ; an! in IS 13, the first year after the opp res sire Tariff, as Dimagogues call it, pa?sed by a vungres?, went into lull operation. VIZ Low Dcrrr. PRICES IV 1ft It. Sack salt, ranged from SI !? a 2J Tariff, im 1813. SniOa t 65 ? a 73 57 77 81 English vveTds American oar iron pr ton S. OJ do T'J d do 03 Tredegaa Ricli'l manu facture - 9 a American bls'd steel per ton 115 Collins best axes pi doz. 1ft 9 14 13 10 a 12 biinmons' do do IS Do 3d quality 1 1 Casting hollow- ware pr pound - t 3 a 3.V Flat Iron per lb. 7 5J a G Anvils do alG; 9 a 11 Vices do 15 a 20 JO 11 Scythe Blades per doz. 16 11 Weeding & hilling hoes 3 aft 2 a 6i Nails, rtichrmud made 5 b 3J a t Carpenter's Knob Locks average full 33 le;s in 1813 Stock Locks full 20 per cent less Table Knives and Forks and Pocket C3J do less .SVa(les ad -S'iiovels 20 per cent less Trace Chains 5 per cent less Cross Cat and Mill Saws I2i percent less. Loat .S'ag-ar, best Double Loaf per lb. 13 a 11. Kar Lead per lb (S a 5 Wood Screws, though prohibited by duty, are at least 20 per cent lower, and of a much superi or quality to lho.-e formerly imported. Statement showing the relative prices of lending styUs of Dry Goods on Ihe sl January, 1841 and 1st January, 1813. D vai'stic Goods. 1st Jan. 1811. 1st. Jan. 1843. Couoa O iaburgs pr yd. 8 to 10c. 6 to 7.Jc. 3- 1 Brown, shirting " " 6 ' 8jc. 4 " ojc. 4- 1 do do M " lie. 6 84 " 8ic 6-4 do sheetings " 11 1 13c. 8i " 10i yie prices o' ftleached Goods had changed in the same ratio. Domestic Prints (slaple styles) 12 to ISe 8 to 12ic. do. Cloths and Casi meres and Saanets, reduced not leas than 332- TAe ejfeel of the Tariff on Calicoes or Prints is probably as great as on any other article. During the yea'r 1S40, large quan tities of British Prints were imported, that con from 22c. to 23c. per yd., and in 1843, Prints of as good quality were produced in this country as low as I5c. per yd., which entirely excluded British Prinis from our markets. The Tariff has not only had the tenden cy to reduce Domestic Goods, but it may and has reduced h oreign Ooods. t or ex ample: Irish linens were imported in 18- 41 duly tree,'m 1S43 they paid a duty 25 per cent and w.'th the duty added are at least 0 per cent loirer than m 1841. The prices of silks have varied less du ring that time than upon other goods, yet there was a considerable dinerence m 1841 sewing silks &c. paid a duty of 32 per cent , and m 1843 they pay a duty of 82 00 per pound or about 45 per cent, and yet the article can be bougn: consiaeraoiy less English and French cloths and Casimeres in 1S4 1 paid a duty of 33 per cent and in '43 paid 40 per cent, and these Goods are not less than 20 per cent lower in '43 than in '41. Almost every style of Domestic and For eign Diy Goods, has been effected in the same ratio as those here enumerated, and we are not mistaken in their quotations, for they are copied from our original invoices and inventory under the respective dates of 18 41 and 1843. Prices in 1S41 Prices in 1813. 1-4 fine br. Waltham s.hirt'g 9c yd bought the same goods in is 13 at 5- 4 do sheeting 6- 4 do PJehmond t Peters burg cotton ozna- 7c. do 8lc do 9c do G to 7- do 74 to 8 do 4 to 5 do 5 lo 5 do 4 do 5 to 6 do do do do C toCi do 6 do do about 12 do 0 do 51 do g do 7 do 9 11c 13c burg, do no 2 no 1 9c 10c Mechanic 3 2 bro. shirting Cjc Matoaca 6'c Ettrick f.ic Mechanic 7-8 7ic Matoaca do 7i to 71 Matoaca 1-4 sheeting about 7to8 Brown Dorchester Jeanes 0 Do filton do 8 Dorchester bedticks a a 15 Do a Hi 7-S br cottons Lawrence, Hab't 7i 4- 4 br Gab't 81 9-S br do a 9i 5- 1 br no II In bleached cottons the decline has been even greater Kentucky Jeans declined, from 1841 to 1843, from 25 to 33 1-2 per cent, Sattinetts fully as much, generally, Flannels do do do Blankets do 25 per cent American and British prints from 25 to 50 per cent. Summer Pantaloons stuffi and vesting do Broad Cloth and casimeres from 20 to 25 per cL Irish Linens 20 per cent lower in '43 than '41, and pay a duty of 25 per cent, in '41 this article was duty Iree. 1 1 will be seen by reference to the very first article named in the Iist(salt)which has caused tha Loco Foco soap pots, to boil ov er at such a tremendous rate, at the 100 per ct. du.y put upon the poor man, has teen sou throughout the year 1813, at "ZO to 2o perct. less than the average of 1S4I under the low duty ; upon manyr other important articles, prices had been reduced to a much greater extent, and on no important article had the price been increased this is the oppressive, august, unwise and unconstitu tional Tax. which the Enquirer, and such like prints make such a tremendous noise and cry about : let the people looc into these things coolly, jmd decide for them selves. In 184 1 when prices ransred at the hijjrh est rates we had the old song of hard times which is a name nearly worn out ringing in our ears, all over the land ; money was excessively scarce, and hard to obtain en the very best securities, at the highest rates of duty; our State and Bank stocks selling at 12 or 3-4 of thir true value, Domestic Exchanges varied from 3 to 40 por cent, below the Specie standard : what was the fact in 1813 ? money was so abundant, par- ticularly in the large cities, it was difficult to invest at over 2 1-2 to 4 per ct per an num, and Exchanges ranging from par to G per ct., and from but one State out of the 2G, does it range at over 3 per cent It ap. pears from a statement made out at the U. S. Treasury Department that the importation of coin and Bullion into this country du ring the year ending 1st Sept 1813, was as io Hows : Bullion Gold 8212,005 Silver 213993 Specie Gold 17,255.190 Lo Silver G.030G11 Total import for one year, The largest import perhaps ever made in any one year. The import from Sept '40 to Sept. ,41, a greeable to Treasurer's Re port, Sept '4 1, to Sept '42, do. $23,741,041 1,933,038 4,037,010 Total import for two years, previous to Tariff of '42, 8D,075'4G9 Against 823,741,041 for one year under the odious Whif Tariff of '42 1 It appears from statements made up at the U. S. Treasury Department that the importation of coining on the 30th Sept. last was as follows: Bullion-gold, 8212.09G ; silver 8243, 993; specie gold, 817,255,190, silver 8G, 030 SG-2 totnl ?V23 741 fiH I The exportation ot coin and bullion from the United States during the same period was as follows : Bullion--gold, 8450, silver none, specie gold, 8501,065, silver, 82,613,233 to tal 83,1 18,399. The average importations for ten years to the 30th September, 1834, were less than ten millions annually. In 1834 they a mounted to 817,911,032, and in 1838 to 817,747,1 1G. From that time they have varied from five to eight millions annually, being in 1842, 84,087,010, and 1841, 81, 988,633. MR. CLAY AMONG THE SEAMEN. Mr. Clay was invited to visit, some days ago, the new packet ship Wabash, Capt Stanton, now lying at New-Orleans, and. stepping on board, found several shipmas ters and citizens awaiting him and a colla tion in readiness. He was welcomed by Capt Stanton (as reported in the Tiopic) in the following appropriate terms : Mr, Clay; I esteem among the proud est events of my life "the privilege now af forded me of addressing you as my guest While! acknowledge the high giatifica tion that I derive from your visit here, per mit me at the same time to tender my thanks for the kind and prompt manner with which you responded to my wishes. In behalf of myself, therefore, as well as the owners and those friends by whom you are surrounded, I bid you a hearty and cordial welcome on board the Wabash. It will no I think, be expected that I should greet you in a set SDeech, but rather with the frank heart and the honest, plain language of a sailor. I welcome you here, sir, because you are re cognized as the unwavering friend of Equal Rights, to every occupation in our country. I welcome you upon this ship oi American Industry, and more especially as the friend to legitimate and adequate Protection to American Industry. The sailors (many of whom are aboul you at this time) bid you welcome here, be cause they remember when your eloquent voice was raised in their behalf, in our na tional councils when its trumpet tones rang triumphantly for "Free Trade and Sailors Rights." The ship-owners and merchants, who are ably represented here, greet you, and in do ing it they point to the cheering spectacle that surrounds you in their commercial ma rine. Here, on every side, are their ships, and they present to your notice their con struction, materials and appointments, as unsurpassed by those of any other nation. They can load these ships, and sail them from port to port in our country ; individual enterprise can accomplish everything that is necessary in our commercial intercourse, save the furnishing of money to consum mate transactions; that duty belongs to eve ry good government It is with earnest 1. ujg VOLUME III NUMBE1 30 and sincere pleasure that we greet you as the great champion of a sound National Currency. Our beloved country may jusdy be con sidered ms a great family, "whose different members are variously engaged; some are planters and farmers; some mechanics, and merchants, and artisans ; others are manu facturers and sailors, with a variety of other occupations ; nevertheless, they all combine to form one great family. And as the pa rent finds his duty and interest in fostering and prelecting each chid until its fceblo step become strong by time, use and habit so i; is clearly the duty and interest of our t-TOvernmcnt to give its -parental aid and as sistance, without partiality, to every branch of industry and every occupation in our country. We greet j-ou with an honcsi and just pride as our countryman, as an "American citizen ; we admire you as a statesman and orator, and a patriot unsurpassed in this or any other country; out above all, and most of all, for your steadfast and unflinching de- votion to our Union: H e can never for get that when civil discord and intestine stri e, kindled up and excited by passion, part' spirit and sectional jealousies, seemed a tempest ready to break assunder the chain which binds us up as a harmonious nation, it was your voice that saved us, and that nobly and generously critd to the sorry elements, 4,peace," and they were sti !hd. As we turn inquiringly to the futuie, our eys rest upon you as the" great public ad ministrator of all our estate; we trust all to your guidance confidently, because we know both the compass and the chart by which you will guide the ship of State; we cannot mistake your principles, your policy, or your views: they stand outon ev ery page of our country's history, from the the first act of your life , they are as "front lets written upon you forehead." A train, sir, I bid you a hearty welcome on board the ship Wabash. Mr. Clay, evidently with surprise at be ing thus addressed, and apnarcntlv without the slightest anticipation of it, addressed a few words in reply, which are substantially reported as follows : I had not the remotest expectation, Cap tain, in accepting your kind invitation to examine this beautiful ship, that the occa sion would call forth any such speech as that which you have done me the honor to address me, much less any speech from me. You have disclaimed being an orator. Tho spniSmonu rrsnecting public measures which you have juai SApi;sseu m uns cuo in would do honor to him who should pro nounce them in the halls of Congress. You have rightly conceived the motives, if yoii have exaggerated the valu3, of my public services. With a truly American heart, every beat of which has been for my coun try, 1 have sought by my humble exertions to establish its character, advance its fame, and strengthen and secure all its interests, at home and abroad. It seemed to me that it was the imperative duty of an Ameaican Statesman to guard and protect the interest and the welfare of his own country, being quite sure that Foreign powers would sedu lously attend to theirs. This has been tho great principle which hae ever guided mo in the councils of our country. I know that some good men have supposed my zeal transported me too for. There was undoubt edly great difficulty, kI the commencement of the policy of Protection, in fixing precise ly a just measure. But time and age and experience, a proper sense ef equality and what is due to all interests and to every part of the Confederacy, and the great and grati fying progress of our domestic industry, have taught me, and I hope inculcated on others, that while the policy is to be main tained with firmness, it should be exercised with wisdom, moderation and stabilitv. Such are my reflections. Above all, odr Government fand all our systems of nolicv should be ever administered in reference to the preservation of our glorious Union that paramount and transcendent object which is the sole guaranty of our liberty.our free institutions and all our inestimable pri vileges. Rest assured, sir, that whatever may be the vicissitudes of the remnant of my life, whether I shall be in a public or privata station, those leading measures of public pol icy to which you have adverted, shall have my constant and anxious attention. And now. Captain, with my hearty thanks for the kind and friendly welcome which ha3 been given me on board this fine ship a noble specimen of American archi tecture allow me to express my fervent wishes that all her voyages may be prospe rous, and that she may realise the fondest expectations of yourself, her crew and her owners. . The duty or Parents. The last du ty of parents to children is that of giving them an education suitable to their station in life ; a duty pointed out by reason end for the greatest importance of any. Fot as Puffendorf very justly observes, it is not ea sy to imagine or allow, that a parent has conferred any considerable benefit on hb child by bringing- him into the world, if ha afterwards entirely neglects his culture and education, and suffers him to grow up like a beast, to lead a life useless to others ar rj shameful to himself,