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Lincoln Comity Leader.
tittered at tht Votl Oflke al Whiti Cata. H. M., iiM oml clam mutter. Sitardij, Fcbrnary Itt, 1SS4. OFFICIAL PAPER OF TI1E COl.MT THE INDIAN PROBLEM Last week, just as we were pre paring for press, wc received a call from Indian Agent Maj. Llewellyn and were only able to give a sy nopsis ot what he said touching the Indian policy of the (iovern ment, intending to elaborate on it this week. We are saved the trou ble, however, through the follow ing abstract ot an interview with the Maj., by the editor of the "Rio Grande IttjmhUran : "To our arnent enquiry as to what, in his opinion, should be the policy of the government toward all our Indian wards, the Major said he believed it would be for the best interest of the government and the Indian to subdivide Indian res ervations into suitable tracts ot land, and allot them to the In dians in severalty, giving to the head of each family a non-transferable deed therefor, and making every Indian over the age of 21 years a legal voter and a citizen of the United Stated ; that they should withdraw Indian agents, and let the laws of die State or Territory in which the Indian lives be adminis tered alike to him as to his white crother; turn all agency buildings into industrial schools and work shops, to be maintained at the ex pense of the government for a num ber of years, break up a sufficient quantity of ground for them, fur nish them with seed and stock cat tle, if the nature of their land will warrant if, and thus give them a fair start in life, saying to them : "This you shall have and no more." They will then be comforted with the question of 'WOItK OR STARVE,' and will be in a much better posi tion to make a living fur themselves than thousands of their white brethren in the Eastern States. The idea that an Indian cannot be taught the use of the plow is sim ply absurd. The Major says lie can take any wild Indian from the plains, and tench to use the plow successfully in a tew days. This he just demonstrated in the case ol the Mescaleroi. So long as the government maintains them upon a reservation, and supplies them with the necessaries of life, with out the necessity or the inducement to work, just so long will they be lazy and worthless, Suppose, for example, the 500 warriors at pres ent living on the Mescalero and Jicarillu reservations had THE RIGHT T' GO TO Till POLLS and cast a vote, would they not be an object ot much solicitude among aspiring politicians, and their sut trages solicited by those gentlemen j who are seeking office at the hands j of the people? Doubtless our del egates to Congress would send a fair share of iiackages of choice needs through the m:il addressed; to our various citizen Apaches ! If j their lands were so fixed that they j could not be taken away l:mi ! tbeni, it would bw everybody's in-j tercst to see that they were success- i ful in their fanning and stockrais-1 ing. Having a voica in the tlee-j tion of their governors, they would j Jike other communities, be treated i with respect and consideration on j account ot their political power. The Maj'r lamented the ignorance on Indian affairs of many other wise well-informed people. Not later than last .luly, our WOKiFiT AM) EflTIMAM.B GOVIKNOR proclaimed in a public speech de livered at S.inta Fe, that the In lian never hail boon, and never; would be,elt biipporting, in the face j of the fact that the Navajos, but a; few years since a savage and war like tribe, are to day not only lt j supporting but even wealthy ; hav ing long since ceased to be a bur den on the government. Dors any one suppose for a moment that it these sanie Navajos, who would number some five thousand voters, had the legal right to enst those votes, that Governor Sheldon, as astute ami profound politician, would not have been inore careful in his statements '. There is no doubt the mamtgi. ment of Indian affairs to day is on A Ml ' ll IlKTTER n.VSIS than ever before. The Indian po lice system, the industrial schools, the rigid accountability in the sys tem of finances, which has improv ed grea'! v within the past few years, are all acceptable and successful in novations. About 11!, when the Indian department a.i transferred from the War to the Interior de parttnent, the condition bf affair was so deplorable, and corruption so notorious, that tho Secretar of War called the attention ofVon gress to the matter. After the transfer to the Interior department had been made, under the same loose system of accountability for money and property, the manage ment of Indian affairs rapidly went from bad to worse ; nnd it has only been within the past dozen years that thev have improved, and be gun to assume their present shape. At present the system of accounts, and the agents accountability for property and money, is as strong and as perfect a system as human ingenuity can devise tor both the protection of the government and the Indian. In every respect the present syctem of Indian accounts is as rigid, and surrounded by as many safeguards, as the system of accounts in any branch of the gov ernment service. The persons who are continually making state ments to the contrary are ill-informed or prejudiced in thjj matter." The Territory of New Mexico. The Territory ot New Mexico was ceded to the United States by Mexico in 18.14, under the Guada lupe Hidalgo treaty and the G 'id sen purchase. It then contained the Territory of Arizona, and the southern portion of Colorado. New Mexico is situated between the thirty-first and thirty-seventh par allels of latitude, and the 103d and lO'.ttk degrees of west longitude. It is bounded on the north by Colo rado, east by Texas unci the Indian Territory, south by Texas and Mexico, and west by Arizona. Its length is 472 ini!e9 and breadth 335 miles, having the form of a quad rangle. It contains 121,201 square miles, or . 77,5GS,(MO acres, and has a population of 150.000 souls. The majority of the people speak the Spanish language but not in its purity. There are still several In dian tribes within the Territory, the chief which are the Navajos, numbering- 12,000. Tho roving bands who were so long a terror to the inhabitants, have at lat been conquere 1 and the other des peradoes either killed or expelled ('cm the country so that life and property are now considered safe. With the influx of capital and en terprise, New Mexico seems des tined to hae a mighty future. Several lines of rail way are already in operation. The Atchison, To peka it Santa Fe traverses the Territory from north to south; the Denver fe Rio Grande cuts in to tho northern border; the Atlan tic it I 'ncilio opens up the north western portion, while the South ern Facilic runs through the south western section, on its way to the Pacific coast. By means of these highways of commerce towns and villages are springing into exist ence, and the mineral, agricultural and graring resources of the coun try are being appropriated and developed. THE GOOSE KANGS HIGH In ltnn(r-rjr thin wirtcta wm bun?, anil no the rhIIowi found; Por to saloon when he wat Toiinjr. bed alwajra hmn I around. Aiwl when lie rnr neil, olm, to lore tho Intox- I c a t In? cup. -. u jion t h flute ' v which bung a. O boTB hril al- way hung It . un. Hp aot thft hatv of "Ooh hntie n n d h n n u In i u 1 1 e ii IT Oil liP ki-rrhlrf in et him to h i n a h ti ii a r -luliiiother not run nor riuhi uwav. In-an i i y and t)1f-dA fon mp In v u I n ! Imw yprn i pud. for when wnn la tho evl- iloiif hlii 1 1 le hunr by a thread Thus In- who took n drop too much In llfp. took oup In dratb whlrh wu 11 o fl'ri that itn ton eti Ju at took away h i breath. Mnr nil tlm wi k pl niPti who kill. and tothp next world (o, II nd thut a hiinirmn n with hlklll irlri-i them tln'ir nei-k twirled low. I I swpMrlnff too It !" hp would aajr 111 cup up, pyliiK .von bauir dog way. A banir irrew to Up. Hih tmritf. win rpr!. and If ytu would p' hl'U hmd. i lop nlirht fry w rptch Ii la hIhj. IcrHiiiiridie to iPtm hit din you Ii i I hn di'l t r v thii a-ra dl J A 11IANOE or STYLE. When thin old hat waa new. Hip railroad waa a stum: And a m-nitilf team mailt- tili-ntr of Menm. For the broii'lint kind of jruninv You X'liuaht iciinir when you want. od h pin. Th Ink yuu unr-d waa Muí": ami the womi-n youlovpd didn't want to lit- tnc-ii, Wlion thla old hat waaofw. A ppadn aonly a ppada, And J-nnm Jut (lain "Jiinr." I or thli Impi dont Hp a tioy wuuld Kkip ut thp vnd of a rut tan rano, Tui-ro wuro aUtuvu OuncPi In pvnry pound. Four q,l(1 gallon truo. lint thing, " adp a T "ijf;.. 11,1- t.A hut THE N0OAL STORE. Joshua T. Wayne, Proprietor. Better known in Lincoln County as CHARLEY DEAX. Ü rook rim Axn Provisions. LlQCORA AM) (.'iOAR Sheriff John W. 1'oe, of Lincoln county, writes the governor as fol lows: "I suppose some of the papers have given you the impression that our county is in a terrible con dition ; overrun with thieves and rustkrs again, etc. I assure jou this is not the case. Lincoln conn is more orderly and peaceably now than it ever has been. One ilexi can was killed at Seven Rivers on Dec. 11th in a drunken row, and four or five arrests followed, but the evidence was wanting and they were discharged. I think the guilty man has escaped into Texas. Billy Wilson or Tom Pickett has not been in this county for nearly three years. There has not been tour men killed in this connty in the last eighteen months. I am at a los3 to know the motives of parties circulating reports of crime in Lin coln unless they envy the county's prosperity and peace." "Father," asked the young son ot Deacon Squibbs, "what is the difference between a man that dies wool on lambs and a western edit or ?" "Well, now really, my son," beaming benignly on his offspring, "I'm not prepared to state. What is the difference t" "Why, pa, one is a lamb dyer and the other is a " "What, what, ? my sou f ' "Western editor." The youth continued, rolling hU tongue around in his cheek. The boy gave his father the correct answer to his conuindriim in sub.-.tance, but not in words. The reason can" be safely guessed at after a little study and consequent solution ot the question. A can d Ip lu t hp win ilow fo r th Now Year Nicbt. Pon't romp hoin tight When is a pie like a pol t When it is Browning. What can pass before the sun without making a shallow ? The wind. What man must have his pl.iss before he can do a day's work ? A glazier. If I were in the sun and you were out of it, what would the sun become ( Sin. What is the most unfortunate vegetable they could have on board of a ship i A leek. What is that which gives n cold, cures the cold and pays the doctor's bill! A draught. Where may we hope never to meet a friend ? While we aro as cending the hill of prosperity. Why may stone cutters reasona ably believe there is no such thing as granite Í They never saw it. Why should potatoes grow bet ter than other vegetables ? Be cause they have eyes to see what they are doing. Why is a woman deformed when she is mending her stockings! Because her bauds are where her feet should be. Why is a woman like a locomo tive? Because she draws -a train after her, scatters the sparks and transports the males. Why should work people imi tate tho wind '. The wind is al ways busy, and like a cheerful op erator, it whistles at its work. A duck before two ducks, a duck behind two ducks, and a duck be tween two dücks ; how many duc''S were there in all? Three. jV. V. Mfirnwy Journal. Mut wn'tf xborlPnpd tha tirnp alnt'p Ihoii, And we r rumiltiif n fiiHtcr hft, nnd thp boynul inn lire l ull-lilown iiipo who run tin- itoru and tho atn-i't. Wo hluab tlii-a-lKVlo. and wo nhould unite; WV'rr pulo, nuil wo iiovur any dlo: p'ro up to MiutT, nnd wp'ro full of ifulli-: And woro Jut too awfully tly; And father I overnor ()J (tR( And hla f,ii d 1"y,i'' """ We runthlnf r"Ht unU-1, !,.,. w put tul ul on' It you want address cards, call ing cards, or any kind of businesi cards, envelopes, neatly printed letter heads, statements, notes or any kinds of blanks, call on us, we'll do it. Job work done neatly, qui'-kly. and in a manner to suit all. Do you want posters, dodg ers, handbills, programs, or, in fact, anything that can bf done with type and ink, if you call on us we will do it for you, tor WK PRINT Bills. Cards, Blanks, Tickets, Posters, Receipts, Programs, Envelopes, Bill Heads, Pnnipníets, Statements, Noto Heads, Letter Heads, Visiting Cards, Funeral Notes, Wedding Invitations, And everything else commonly done in a printing office, Cal! and see our samples and learn our prices, Twins til Schüfriiüiin. One year $ 2.00 Six months 1,00 Three months go Suti.Herlptious invurialiU m atlvntiee. .tiiilccoji!K 5 cents. Specimen copies fret. ARRIVAL AND DEPARTURE OF MAILS. RARTKRN MAT L. at " Arrivo II n m. dully Oi.urtH S p in. rolll ÜTAITTUK .MAIL irrlvus dnly at I p in. Oupurt i.:io n m. ANTON ClltUO .MAIL. tjonrp An:iui Cbieo, Tiu-sdiy.-, and KiiduyH 6 a in. aiivp t uitc Oaks, Suturdnyo and Wüdiiü.-.lsyh . s a in. 11 mails olyce 30 minuten beloro departure. Uuv;stured let tors und pneliuirra should bo proponte!! uno hour boioredepurlttro ol muils. OUiceopen on Simdnya from 7 to It) a.m. tod 1 to 4 p. in. M. H. BELLOMV. r. M. COUNTY DÍKECTORY. '.'i-oli.ttt Jm'n; S. S. Tkkkiíi.l. ,-rohale Clerk .S. R. C'okbkt. Sheiiir .7. YV. Pok. 0'ininty ('diunÍ!Notiers, E T. Stoni:, Josk Montaxo, A. Wilson. School Commisnionrrs, ino. L.Ui.Kitk, A.viu Kakkhs, E. IClumk. 1'ivcinct No. 8, directory, imticoof tin. Pence, Wm. F. BlakcharI). ioiintiibtc Cv. Davidson. ' F Fit ' 1 A L 1)1 II E( TO R Y. FKOKKAi.. Oeieynte toCongrvM. TR.!rii.iKA I.t ka Oovernid' '.. . .l.inx A. Snf.i.noN. Sprrctnry W. tí. RiTCii. C i of .Justice Namcei, IV Axitt.l.. Associate ( Jamks Bki.l. .llUtlccs, C W.MOtUN BltlhTOI.. Sin vpvor (Jciiernl II. "S. Atkinson. Colleslor int. Hi'v tir.o. A. Smith. L'. S. Hist. Attorney, .(ico. W. t'umiAKn. L:. S. Matsliiil . . ..' A. L. MoituisoN. Keuisl'Ts I.anil Ollii:e, I,.. a Mesilla C!co. ii. Rowmas. Nuita Fe M. í"koít. Reeeiveri, Land oftirc, I b Mesilla 3. W. Siif.hkky. Hwta Ku VV. II. Baii.ii ache. TKKKITOKIAL. Att'y G nerat Wm. Bmerlen Alt'v. 2nd Hutrict A. K. Owen. Atr'y. 3rd Iitriet S. B. Nvwromb. Adj. (iiinerit K. L. Biirtlett. Trciwiirur A. Ortiz Y Salazur. Audiloi- Trinidad Alurid. Livery & Feed Stable. liTi. I InrrÍNon. Ilnviiur rrnted I he new 8t:iMc of Jacob Mill'T, located on Pine St., dhüjijtmllv op positc Duniiint; i .Miller's, Ki.'ia now tire jiured to let liorsea and shelter uud feed animals at the LOWKST LIVING RATES Y1ipd Kt. ain't at linrnp Jake will cuter. ATTOHNKY A.T X.AW, Lisont.H ;tw Meneo Will r-rtetic iB s th. courts of Npw Mriiro. JOB J A. TOMLINSON, MALHR m OFFICE. IS NOW 1'ItErARED TO DO ANY KIND OF 01! II, ENVELOPES, LETTER HEADS NOTE HEADS, BILL HEADS, BUSINESS CARDS, VISITING CARDS, DODGERS, Ac. Ac. Waranty 33eodB, NOTICES , Proof of Labor BMs. A Full Line o HTifirwo ni inri 0 blLUhi 8ATI&FATIOKT GÜAEANTESD Drugs and Medicines VTIIITE OA AH J,E, Prescriptions a Specialty. Xo Proioriptioni flUod or Mtdioiae aold axceDt for Cntk Lime Lime. J" ID Oompton Is uow prepared to furnish Lia n Any Quantity Tliat iiihv bo rleirod. He bus ji Unlimited Supply At liia ranch, seven milpa from White Oaks, on the Las Vegan road, or the road to Jerry noo-kradle's. Ranches New and Old MEXICO. D. J M. A. JEWETT. Dealer in Ranches, Cattle, Ac. White Oaks A ven ui?. RANCHES in New and old Mcr i 'o fur sale, prices ranging froui $4,000 to 8300,000 Several line herds of Cattle 100 to S.Oi.K) head. Two tine butichee ol Sheep.' v.1 p - 'C X o -a c o , O T. -B - a t S ill .1 g " - . t: r "3 .to o v u ?. 5 c o 3 if For S 3 oi u o 5 particulars Address g - S U cj 2 5 5 t 3 t. -2 a 2 3 P- 3 (3 O c I s " CI D. J. M. A. Jhwrtt Whito Oaks, N. M. HAVB YOUR Job PeintinQ DOWE AT THE LEADER OFUCE AGENTSi'S: . . t . t S. Tl furTfi nf nil tkn lentsof tbn ... , i . s. J tin tars- t, hutirlximfBt bout hook evr aolil fir lf tlinn twiri our priw. 'J'H'; f Mimt huIIIiik book n Amnrli-a. Immcii... priititu to airenu. AH intnllnri-nt pnoplH wnt It. Any one cua be come iiippi-ffiil acrnt. Tiruisfroe. H- MtnA a ii.iuK runmna .Manic D. O. TAYLOR, Notary Public, BONITO. Lincoln County, NEW MEXICO. Notice. IVevr lonl. LrNcoi.K, N. M. Jnory 8, 1HH3. I hereby rive notice that on and after thii date no Location not inns or Deed i ill be recorded bv me, unless the money to pay for the anaie arcompamejiUiein. ai r. quired by law. The fact for ieoordtnt; are : Locution notices fj g Deed j 8. R. Oofurvi, Probfj ClOrkand Et Offl. Record. w. c Mcdonald, U. 8. MmiL DEFITY SIRVEVOB. AND IVotfli-y rullio