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incoln County Leader Devoted to the Best Interests of Lincoln County and tie Development of Its Resources. VOLUME 2. WHITE OAKS, LINCOLN COUNTY, N. M., SATUKDAY. JUNE 21,1884. NUMBER 30. PliOFJ-.SMOXAL t 'AIUJS. D. J. M A. JEWETT, U. S. Mineral Deputy Surveyor, New Mexiroand Arizona. U. S. Deputy Survyoor, Louisiana. UHIXG A.D CIVIL EXGHEER. Office : "White Oaks Avenue. JAMES. S. REDMAN Contractor & Builder, White Oaks, N. M. tW Order uav left at this office. T. . OiTUUK. W. T. TUOHNTON CAT RON A THORNTON, Sarta rs, Siw Mr.neo. Will practice in all tUe Courts of Law and Equity in tlie Territory. E-ipecial altulieii (riven to tlie cnllactiiin of claims and retoittaueea promptly mude. GEO. T. BE ALL, Jr., AlTOltJHCY LlKCOI.X -A.T LAW, New Mkiico Will practice in all th courts of New M.xico. GEOIIGE H. BARBER, Attornev at Law, LINCOLN, N. M. Lincoln County Leader. Saturday, June 21, 1SN4. OFFICIAL FArER OF THE I'OUMY Wm. Cffcy, Editor Jc Tiopritcr. Entered at th Pout Office at White Oak, X. M.,asiecond clafs matter. s. McC. Mcpherson. Notarv Public, And Insurance Agent. in. Wiifclaftn At, nd LMijite Eta. WHITE OA KM NEWMKX1CO iTitt ii'.Hrire, T. Witict. ütttr; Faille Patterson & Watson, Counselors at Law, Hining & Real Estate Brokers, Special attention paid to examination oí mining title ami property and acting; an iig-cnt th.rofor. Contracts taken and asneas utvnt work doua. C'orru9pondnco solicited. WHITE OAKS. NEW MEXICO W. F. BLANCH A1U), U. S. SIXERAL RtPL'TY SURVEYOR, AXD Notarv Public. WIUTIC OAKS, JOHN A. HEU'IIINOSTINE. Attornev at Law. Vlii OhJ. ond. Cócono, N. M.. Poat-oflice address, Socorro, N M. ED. R. BONNELL, Real Estate and Mining Agent, White Oaks, D N. M. w. c. McDonald, I. S. HHERAL DEPUTY SURVEYOR. ANO Notary liilliti ThitaOnk., wMin. John Y. Hewitt. ATTORNEY-AT LAW. YES, HOW. Not very long ago "Several Democrats," hailing ironi ft little town in suth-western Mi&souri, sent a letter to the Kansas City Times relative to the candidacy of Justice Field for the Presidency. Several Democrats ask the Times to tell them whether Mr. Field isa Democrat, or not, or a kind of " greeiibaeker or what not any thing to pet office." They further ask, "How does he stand on this tariff Is he in accord with the present policies of our party! Is he strong in the States where we need to get votes to elect our ticket? etc." New we should Jiko to know it the 2 lines ot "Several Democrats" can tell us how "our party" stands on these questions ? Is it not a 'kind of greenback or what not. anything to get office ? " How dues "our party" 6tand on the tariff? And what are the policies of that party? These are questions to which we have been seeking ans wers for these many years, but none have been tendered. The Democratic party has been on all sides of the greenback ques tion. Thev have been too coward ly to assume either side of the tariff problem. Their past policy has been, and their present policy, loubtless is, to be any thing to get office, and to so shape their cam paigns as to get votes in the States where they need them t elect their tickets. Now the very fact that the position of Justice Field, on the great questions of govern mental ptdicy, is obscure and un known, would indicate that he is in perfect accord with the policies of the party to which lie belongs. Probably if the Democratic par ty would adopt some definite poli cy, and plant itself upon one side or the other of some of the ques tions before the country, it would gain the respect, at leapt, of the people of tliu Nation. But while it pursues a course of vaeilation, too cowardly to defend a principal; with "anything to get office" writ ten n eyery platform, and "strong in the States where we need to get votes to elect our ticket," plainly branded on the forehead ot each of its candidates, tlie party cannot expect, nor docs it deserve, any other or better fortune in presiden tial elections than has been its ac customed fate for several years past. WHITS OAKS . Nkw . . . UNCOIL COIN 1 Mexico. WHITE OAKS-BLACS HILLS In a review of the mining indus tries f the Black Hills, the Dead wood, D. T., Pioneer publishes the report ot some of the largest pro ducers of bullion of that locality. Referring to tlie llomestake prop erties the Pioneer says: "As will be seen by the report, the average has been over six dollars and when we state the mills connected with the above group crush over 2,ooo tons of ore per day, at a total cost of, mining and milling, not to ex ceed one dollar per ton, the profits ar apparent." Tho same review, in reference to the Father DeSniet property, says that the reduction ot these ores costs about two dol lars per ton. The mines above alluded to are among the best paying, and largest producers in the country, and the ore from them only averages some thing over six dollars per ton, but owing to tho use of improved machinery, and on an extensive scale, these ores can be mined and reduced at a large profit. The mine's around White Oaks, wherever mill tests have- been made of the ores, have produced from fifteen to thirty dollars per ton. The yei.is are from three to six feet wide, and tho ores are as easily worked as those mentioned atDeadwood, and yet we are una ble to produce bullion at a profit. This is not the fault of our mines, but the lack of capital to introduce the proper machinery for the cheap reduction of the rich ores which these mines arc ready to yield. There aro at least half a dozen claims here, either one of which could, within one month, be put in shape to furnish ore sufficient to kep a 20 stamp mill running con tinuously on ore which would not yield less than 10 to 15 per ton. While it is true that in the Black Hills the water supply is moie abundant than in this immediate locality, yet with one fourth the expenditure which was made to supply the llomestake properties with water for their operations, all we need could be had. This might not bring our mills so close to our mines as those are, but the increas ed value of our ores over those in the Hills would more than pay tor their transportation from the mines to the mills. In view of the expiiences and results elsewhere, we, in White Oaks, certainly have nothing to cause us to uouut tlie ultimate re sults of mining here. We haye the richest mines in the world and only need proper reduction works to proye it. And these will comu when we get rid of the frauds and scoundrels w'c have sought to ac quire fortunes at the expense of honest people, and who are not only ignorant ot the business they engage in, but indifferent as to the business methods they pursue. IMPORTANT TO MINERS Tnc agricultural Kansan, who runs the General Land Office, has been fighting the miners on one side and the U. S. Supreme Court on the other, the past two years, and llattered himself, until recen tly, that he had gotten away with the baggage. He has proved how ever to be mistaken. In the March term of "J8S2 the Supreme Court held (in the case ot St. Louis S. óv R. Co. vs. Kemp e Nuttal; error to U.S. Circuit Court i ?ny name mat rea. y surs in. , .. hearts of the Kepubl.can masses oi v oioratioj mar any uuinoer or contiguous mining locations, under eric ownership, constituted one mining elelm, for which the owner or owners might make one appli cation, obtain one survey, make a single entry, and obtain one patent, and that the work required as a pre-requisitc to patent might be performed anywhere upon the sur face of the consolidated claim, pro vided it was done for the develop ment of the lode or lodes, (contain- The New Mexican lieviev says: I Wlu;n this class arc out of the way Recent discoveries at White ! w" maJ rsably expect the in- LUTUEli Jf. CLEMENTS, - att'y at law Okhcb In U'u. 11 Ellis' HoUl Building LINCOLN N. M (.limit) In IJi.trv. Moderation In Cuargon A. G. LANE, Hiysiician and Surgeon, SOLICITS A SHARK - Of !) Patronage of the Chilena of Wliiu' Oult uml A'ii'luity. prompt Attendance. Punctual Collections 1). C. TAYLOR. Notary Public, bOMTO. Lincoln Couniy, NEW MEXICO. Oaks, Dry Gulch and Bonito, have shown up many new discoveries of great richness. Iho district is a yery promising one and is only re tarded in its full developments by lack of the necessary capital. This would be speedily forthcoming if the extreme wealth of that country ware known in the east." Chas. Metcalfe and Stanley Bald ridge, two prominent young men of Lincoln county arrived here last week, and will make this city their home fur some time in tho future. They are both energetic, industrous and reliable young men whom wo take pleasure in recommending to the favor ef our citizens. Socorro Chlrftiilli. traduction of good mills, by mill men of experience, erected upon sound business basis, and as hon est and legitimate enterprises. Upon this consumation, both mine and mill owners will find them selves entering upon an era of pros perity, and begin t reap a rich harvest of crold. The proprietor ot the Lkadir will take in the Democratic Con vention at Chicago, in July, and will lend his influence to secure the nomination of such a candidate for the presidency as will render the election of the Republican nomi nee a certainty. ed in all the original locations.) or might be performed at a distance from the surface of the claim itself, as in the construction of flumes, ditches or roads to facilitate the ex traction of the minerals contained in such consolidated claim. The Gen'l Land Office pro nounced against the decision, on the ground that compliance there with would lead to certain hypo thetical "inconveniences" hinted at, but not described by Mr. Mc Farland, and July 1883 issued a circular, to which was obtained (apparently by indirection) the ap proval of the Secretary, refusing to accept entries ot more than a single lode claim ur.der one application. Several New Mexican cases were taken up upon this and kindred points, ami many from other min ing States and Territories. Among the cases taken up was one from California, involving all the points in the controversy, (Gold Blossom Quartz Mine, Ophir, Pla cer county, Cal.) and this case was selected for a final test on appeal to the Secretary of the Interior. The Commissioner in this case haughtily denied the right of ap peal on the ground that ms deci sion in the matter wa.s final, and refused to send up the papers to the Secretary. A new set of pa pers was prepared and sent to the Secretary direct, who thereupon ordered the Commissioner to sub mit the whole case tor review on the appeal. The text of the vital part ot the Secretary's ruling is: "When a mineral applicant en ters a claim pursuant to the legal requirements, such claim thereupon ceases to be a part of the public domain, and is no longer subject to the operation of the laws gov erning the disposition of the public lands; In such case thero is part performance of the contract ot sale, which entitles the entry man t specific performance of the whole contract without further action on his part. The right to a patent once vested is equivalent to a patent issued. " That tho owner of contiguous locations, who seeks a patent,must present separate applications for each and obtain a separate survey, and prove that upon each the re quired work has been performed is wholly untenable." It is to be presumed that here after the General Land Office will allow the miners to have what were two years ago decided to be their rights by the court of last resort. THE SORE HEADS. As usual, there are some jour nals, as well as individuals who are opposed to the nominees of the Republican Convention made at Chicago. This is not surprising, but there are some amusing things to be found in the various reasons assigned for bolting the ticket. One of the most notable of thse is the editorial of the New York Tunes. It says: Is not the name, of Blaine the íe publican masses? Did not his band of devoted adher ents, without the aid ot the office holders, who in most states were enlisted under another flag, not only without favor from any de partment of tho government, but arain8t the influence of all, so far as that influence was exerted, lead to Chicago an army of delegates larger than that supporting any other candidate Í Did not Blaine's name lead on the first ballot, and increase its lead by jumps to the last, when nearly two-thirds of the convention was registered in the Blaine column ? If Mr. Blaine is not a fair representative of repub lican principles and purposes, of republican honor and conscience, as they :iow are, then the republi cans of Maine, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Mich igan, Minnesota, W isconsin, lowa and Kansas were wilfully betrayed in their primaries, in their district and state conventions, and at Chi cago; and we have nowhere read nor heard that republican senti ment in these states, or in any state, was stifled or perverted in order to secure Blaine delegates. Nor was Mr. Blaine nominated in ignorance of who and what he was. The party had its eyes open. It has taken this step not in the dark but in broad daylight. It is much better, therefore, that Mr. Blaine should be the candi date, than that Mr. Arthur's friends should have been successful in their purpose to thrust him on the party against its will. We have clearly seen and plainly said that the great majority ot republicans did not want Mr. Arthur for their candidate. Had ha been nomin ated, his defeat would have signi fied nothing as regards the heart and virtue of the party, nothing as to the favor its principles and pres ent practices find in the eyes of the American people. There will be nothing ambiguous about the de feat of Mr. Blaine. Ho who runs may clearly read the virdict in ad vance: "A candidate unworthy of confidence and a party too careless will give him a cordial snprort. Opposition to the ticket upon such ground and for such reasons is no thing less than epoosition to the party as such. This is not, how ever, the first instance where tlie party has met with similar opposi tion. We remember in isTü'when the New York Tribune, the Spring field Pepulllcan, the Chicago Tri bune, tlie Cincinnati Commercial and other leading papers, former ly Republican in politics, went out after the Greeley circus. But in spite of this array of talent and in influence lost to the party and sup porting the opposition, the nomin ees of the party were elected by the most overwhelming majority. We predict that the attitude of the few papers who refuse their support to the Chicago nominees will in no way effect the results, and if the ticket is defeated it will be due to other causes than the dissatisfaction of a few sore-headed politicians. Ma.i. Cakkkev has gone East and left this department ot tho Lkadkr in strange hands, but he charged us, above all thiugs, not to make the paper democratic in his absence, we arc, however, under no obligations to stocr e'ear of any other complications, and if the Major should find himself, on his return, involved in a halt a dozen duels or prize fights, ho need not be surprised, nor will wo guarantee him against them. Wo shall endeavor to keep the paper running during th tew weeks the boss will be away. There is but one danger'which besets our path in this diicction, and that is the immense increase in circulation which our temporary management will probably bring to it. If this should become so great as to ren der it impossible for our pressman to work oft' the is.ue, the Lkadkk, like the Socorro Sun, under tho late management of our distin guished fellow citi.cn who recently retired from that concern, will change hands. We hope our friends will spare us this infliction and save this journal from such a disaster. C?T" Proof of Labor blank to liv had frci.li from the marliinc. I thiiiDrr A nnx.RACHiicAi. and critical pa per will appear in the July Mini- ot its own honor to be longer trust- hnttan on the Earl of Duffcrin, ed with the nation's." wrhir-n l.v .1. I.. Wlnttl. tin- Karl's intimate fiiend, and one of the staff of tlie Lord Chancellor of England. The Earl became so well and favorably known in the United fastened themselves upon it, itc,tí.K vi,;i hn Cnvpninr- will send the rogues to the back-1 7, , ,r, , ... , i. , , .,P , . I General ot Canada, that an article ground, and will make tho party i ' . once more worthy of honor and of! about hnn ought to interest a large power in the republic it has so no- number ot peruons in this country. That defeat will be the salvation of the republican party. It will arouse its torpid conscience, it will stir it to self-purification, it will de pose the false leaders who have blv served. When the partv has passed through the tires of defeat and is well rid ot its peccant humors it will come back to the impregna ble ground ot right it stood on when it beat down treason and dis union, to a position in which it shall embody tho highest and best impulses ot American lite, to a state of heart and mind which shall fit it to bo again th custodian of that matchless trust, " government of tho people, by the people, and for the people." One word as to the position of the Times: It will not support Mr. Blaine fer the presidency. It will advise no man to vote for him, and its reasons for this course are per fectly well understood by every body that has ever read it. The only theory upon which we can reconcile such a position as that taken by tho Times, is that that great paper is not Republican. If the nomination of Blaine was the deliberate act of the party, and if he represents the masses the majority of the party then, surely every man and every paper thr' out the countrv, believing in fie The Socorro Sun is for Tilden. I publican theories and principal. Mrs. Ann linicka was brutally 'outraged and murdered by tramps near Ilorniantown, Minn., last week. Rains have done great damage to crops in California. The signal service ot San Francisco reports the heaviest rains in June for I thirty years. James D. Fish, ex -president oi the Marine National Band of N. Y. was indicted, last week, by the U. S. Grand'Jury for violation of th banking laws. No more predictions will conio from Vennor,the weather prophet. He has followed Prof. Tice to an unknown world, his death having occurred on tho Sth inst., at Montreal. Gen. Abe Buford, well known in Kentucky horse circles, and a graduate of West Point, committed suicide at the residence of his nephew. B. F. Buford, at Danvillo Ind. n the !Mh inst.