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Lincoln Count v Leader.
Saliinliiv. .luir 5, issi. Chewing tha Cud Krum tin1 Scientific A iiktíciiii. Every cliil'l living in theeotintry lias Mood muí w;it( ) i 1 this curious nporain, mi wondoivd what the limiji was -.vli'di In: nhv oiiiic up in the cow's throat, and thru jn down Lower Postage From tlif l.im Vc'iia Optic. Tiic lowt-r the postado the hetter the jicoipIo like it. Tin- latest rliungi! in Unlaw permits, nototilv iicwsiaif r publishers, but ovcrv body else, to send newspapers throi.gli the mails at the rate of one eon', tor every four ounces. The nt'A' rale meets with universal ap proval nml the ollicials of the pust- Hice de pnrtiiie nt believe the re duction which has been brought .A liaptist lady in Texas givi-s to the fhurch 11 the eggs laid by her hens on Stindav. Don't give me any of your lip!' again after .lie had chewed it for a certain length of time. And per- about without, any noise will bo haps he may have seen the anxiety even more appreciated when the .itnl turmoil proiiuceM on a tnrin hv 1 tact becomes generally known ARRIVAL AND DEPARTURE OF MAILS. nl. . .hilly 3 p in. U..KI a 111. tlic report that some one fit tlif cows liad " lost her cud." and us the result of this excitement he may have seen the absurd attempt to ' make a new end," in the hope that the cow would by such means be restored to a good condition. There is in the minds of a large proportion of the readers of the ,Si-i nt Ijio American (which simply means the community) so little correct understanding of the true natureof "chewing the cud, v that a few words concerning it may not be amiss. A very large tribe of animals, of which sheep and cows are only lamiliar examples, are called in works of natural history limiilnnn t'hi because they all ruminntt, they chew the end. They do so because their peculiar organs of digestion reipiire it; they can get their nour ishment in no other way. They bave, it is said in the books, four stomachs, but the statement is not pt rict ly correct, tor the entire di gestion is done in a single one. that which is called the fourth, the other three being only places fur preparatory work. Their food is W.oI "."."! without being chewed tin; chewing is to conic later. When this unehewed food is swal lowed it passes directly into the first stomach, to use the common term; but the drink which the ani mal takes goes straight past the entrance ot theiirst into the second. These two serve only to oik and sotten the coarse food. 'When the iirst has done what it can, the food passes out of it into the second, and then the cow or sheep is ready to " chew the end." The second stomach, while busi ly at work in soaking the food, keeps it in motion, and gradually rolls it up into masses, so that in the upper part there is tormcd an oblong solid lump of the size that we recognize as the "cud."' This the animal throws up into the mouth, and chews with evidently as much satisfaction as the same act of mastication gives us when we put the most delicate morsels between our teeth. When it is sutliciently chewed, the mass is swallowed and its place taken by another which had been rolled up in the mean time. Hut the ''cud " thus masticated docs not return to the second stom ach, from which it had come. It passes smoothly into the third, u place for additional lubrication, and then into the fourth, where the true digestion begins and ends. This is, 11 brief, the whole story, and we see how naturally the chewing comes in; it is the same in our own casi , only that it is at a different stag of the food's prog ress. And we -ee also what " los ing the cud" really is. The cow or sheep is suffering from indiges tion; the ''second stomach" ha failed to roll up the little ma.-ses suitable tor chewing, and there is nothing which 1 he poor beast can bring up. Oi course, therefore, the one thing ivipiiivd is to reitere tn tin- o tul j"iur cf the stomach; not to burden it with an ''artiticial cud," which would only increase tho difficulty, instead of relieving it. Almost any eight-page paper, by the old rate, would require two cents postage, and the annoyance to business men, and tho public generally to allix sullicient stamps and yet not lose too large a sum by overpayment has been very great. A newspaper, when the postage is not fully prepaid, invariably found its way into the postoflice. waste basket, and knowing this fact, the sender, of a newspaper which he was especially anxious should reach its destination, always had to pre fix sulHcient postage stamps to in sure its delivery. Jt was not like a letter which is sent so long as one rate of pontage is paid. The newspaper must be prepaid in l'u'.l or it does not go. Under the new rates almost any newspaper,includ ing a good sized supplement, may be sent for one rate. The next re farm most called for is the reduc tion of the limit of weight on let lers from half an nunca for one rate to an ounce. While the bulk of the letters carried in the mails average less than halt an ounce each, now and then one is encoun tered that weighs more than that limit, and an extra charge is col lected, which with tho time con sumed, mid labor required in affix ing "due" stamps, etc., does not yield enough revenue to make it profitable to the department, and it would be to the advantage of all concerned were the limit extended. F. STF.IIN M Ml.. VrriviK' 0 m. Ki'imrf 2 p in. Hint STANTON MAIL Arrive .liiily al liepiirlH ANTON (1111(1 M Kt I.. l.eive Anton t hico, Tiir-iluy ntvl Krhtnv. C n 111. '.ciivo White Onks, Snliinliiy iiml Weiliiewiny 0 n iii. Ml miiil elote :K) minute bclorc (loparlurc. I 'lf it 1 ri-tl lei tern aiel inck:iir itliouM tic preentei one hour before ilfpnrt lire oí tnilil?. Olliee open on Sutiiluys from 7 to 10 u. in. h ml 1 lu I p. in. M. II. r.KI.I.OMY. 1'. M. CO U.N TV DIRECTORY. Pfiliatfl .Tinljíi? S. S. Tkiiiik.i.i.. I'rolialu Clerk S. H. Coiuikt. tSlierilT J. W. I'oic. County Commissioners, K. T. Stunk, Joke Montano, A. Wn.sox. School Commissioners, Oku.L.L'i.kh k. Amos 2akt:ks, E. Kkknk. Precinct No. K, Directory, 'tisticc of tlic Peace, Wm. F. TJi.anciiarii. .'onstablc Cv. Davidson. In England tho mails are used for the transmission of nearly ev ery species of merchandise. Fish, game, meat, butter, eggs fruit, ( ream, and all other farm products are transmit ted through the Eng lish pilleéis post at very cheap rates. In a word, the J'ritish Fust Olliee really does the express business of the country. The system of hydropathy was practised by the Arabs in the tenth century. The Japanese entangle whales in nets and then kill them with harpoons and lances. A leather cannon was proved at Edinburgh in 177, fired three times and pronounced good. There are several sorts of fishes which are armed with poisonous spines, and many which have pois onous flesh. J)r. Vessinayer, the English veg etarian who tried to live on food that cost no more than a penny a day, is now at the point of death. A white hoy asked a young negro what ho had such a short nose for. "I 'spoets so it won't poke itself into other people's bus iness. Many citizens of Dodge County, Minn., are constructing cyclone cellars. The usual plan Nan arch ed vault with an entrance from the house cellar. A force of about forty men is now at work repairing the Vosem ite road, shoveling oil' the snow and preparing it for travel. Ranks of snow ten and twelve feet deep have to be cut through. Rv a statute of llenrv VII.. 14!, ccrv person above seven years of age was obliged to wear a cap of wool, made in England, Sundays and holidays, or to pay a forfeiture of three farthings. A grand wedding in India N re markable for tho universal hospi tality by which it is attended. At the wedding of the Rao of Cr.tch, ;H,Ooo people were fed on the first lay, on the second 37,n0, and on the third .",t!,0o0. The origin of the custom of turn ing to the right is given as follows: Our ancestors drove oxen as a usual thing. In driving an o. team, the driver walks on the luft of the team so that he can handle the goad or whip with his right hand. In meeting a wagon each drhcr would turn to tho right, so that he could be between his own oxen and thoe of the other wagon. Ttrnn l Sulitriitwii. One ycr.r 2.00 Six months Three months 50 Stiliscriptioiis invariably lirelrancc. said on ugly country school teacher j fe. ti a pert young miss who luid sassed him. "Oh, you needn't worry," she retorted. " I would not kiss you even if the freckles on your face were gold dollars." The new wife of Hishop Warren, formerly Mrs. John Ilitf, and known as tin.- "(jueen of the plains" because of her untold wealth in cattle, has made possible the estab lishment of as ehool'of divinity in Deiiyer by the donation of slix Out) to the Denver University tor that purpose 0t!c. The Munich (Inzctte says start ling discoveries have been made in connection with the attempt, to blow up the statue of Gemianía latt September. The plot was the work of a well orgaized band of an archists, and its object, which only narrowly failed of accomplishment, was the assassination of the Empe ror, Crown Prince, Imperial Chan cellor and other royal and notable personages. A perfect mine of ex plosivos has been discovered under the pathway over which the impe rial procession passed. Heavy rains ruined tho powder train and prevented terrible slaughter. It may be interesting to the lov ers of coffee to know tliat in Xew York and vicinity there is an active industry in converting cheap Mara caibo and Guatamala coffees into more valuable Jara by the aid of adulteration. The dull, greenish, lustreless hue of the cheap borrica is made to resemble the glossy yellow color of the Java by heat ing and glossing with guiri arable water, and coloring with arsenic, lead, chrome yellow, prussian blue, yellow ochre, umber, Venetian red and lamp black'. It has been pro ven that every cup of coffee made from tho colored beans contains one-sixteenth of a grain of arsenous acid, a most virulent poison. In buying tear and collees, deal with none but reputable- grocers on whom you can rely, if you value vour health and life. OFFICIAL DIRECTORY, i i.dku a ;.. Delegate to Congress. V. A. M anzanakks Governor I.io.M-a, A. Shki.don. Secretary W. G. HtTCH. Chief Justice Sami:i:i. I?. Axtki.i.. Associate ( Iamks Bku.. .lustices, ( Wakiikn l-Snumii.. Surveyor General II. M. Atkixsox. Collector Int. Kev Sii.as VV. Fihiiku 1'. S. Dist. Attorney. .Gho. W. Pkiciiahd. U. S3. Marshal A. I. Mohkison. Ke.üisters Lund Olllce. Lo Cruces.' Ions H. Mi Fin. Santa Fc M. Fhost. Receivers, Land olliee. La Mesilla 8. VV. Hiiehkky. Santa Fe W. II. JLviliiaciik. TK.KUITORIAI.. Att'y General Wm. ISrccdeii Alt' wind District C. C. Mediums Alt'v. Old District K. C. Wade Adj." Gentra K. L. Bartletl. Treasurer A. Ortiz Y Kalaznr. Auditor Trinidad Ala rid. Livery & Feed Stable. Tvi. 1 Isirriísoii. Ilavinn; rented the new mtalile of .Tacoli Miller, located on Fine Si,, diajronally op posite the rear of the Milliard Hall. Ivi. is now prepared to lei horses and shelter and teed animals at the LOWEST LIVING KATES It you want address cards, call ing cards, or any kind of business cards, envelopes, neatly printed, letter heads, statements, notes or any kinds of blanks, call on us, we'll do it. Job work done neatly, quick', and in a manner to suit all. Do you want posters, dodg ers, handbills, programs, or, in fact, anything that can be done with type and iíik, if you call on us we will do it for you, tor IVti 1-lU.NT Rills, Cards, Rlanks, Tickets, Rosters, Receipts, Urograms, Envelopes, Rill Heads, Fampnlets, Statements, Note 1 ends, Letter Heads, Visiting Cards, Funeral Notes, 'Wedding Invitations, And everything else commonly dune in a printing olliee, Call and see our samples and learn our prices, 1ÍJ Lime Lime. THK very host iiualitv of Lime can now the residence of Alíesela Lucras, l'atos Springs Price 50 CENTS A RUSIIEL. m m i i ii rit(w j n URÜHBTflíí H OlMOY Positively the Shortest Line from KANSAS CITY, ATCniSOH ST. JOSEPH To CHICAGO andtheEast KnUre Trains run tliroui;u without thuiigo TIIK O NXjT Ha I INT E! rumiillg 'l'llloil!;ll Slei.'llels fioiil Kansas City, Topefci, Atohison ana Si. Joscpb to i ll ir i i, nml Palace Heclining ( hair Cars on all Trains, Day and Mglit, Through to I'lili-ao wilhout cli.inn'U. MEALS SLKVKI) IS THE Famous C. B. & Q. Dining Cars, AT ONLY 7r. C KNTS i:.cii. riwouirers by this lino are lainteM in (iitinrt llonu iiru niuilii loruii ioinis viui. All Trains Run Daily. No Sunday lay-over. Thl in tlio popular lino via i'EUlUA for INDIANAPOLIS, CINCINNATI, COLUMBUS, nod all points In Inc. Soutli-east. Itemcmlior. Hint TIiihiikIi Tirki-t ly thin I.lne can l liad at all prinriiwil slalioni in tin) west, lie sin o that your ticket icuU over tlic UlJ Ituliublu ltouto Via QUINCY. f. J. rOTTKlt. l'KltCEVAL LOWI-.I.I., Vu:i-l're. Gen. Minj r CU .ki H H. lim.l'tM ,VRt. DUN 11. CAUSON, S. K. HOorLU, Vke-rroi kUn.Mu;'r II 1SI Jie UK. Gnu l'ii.A TIIK JOB OFFICE. is now; trkpa redj to do ANY KIND OF PÜREJVVHISKY. Ttir nutiicritirr bus cnjtnirdl In the rrtui Whiitky buine. anil will nclini vrly tlic pun: nrlicl m tnniiufncturud fur, and hliippcd linn hy the EAOLK DISTILLINU CO., of Owengboro. Ky.. tiian which tlier U none lietier mmle iir drank. All whnhnre pnrtnki'ii of T J, Manaren' hand mmlc Hour iiihhIi whisky need no iuilucement to try it ni;nlu, and I mdtnonc ollivr. Snmplr room on White Unkn Arm un, jnt went of the Tout Utiles. All re ixinli nIIv invitwi to drop in, W. J. LI1TELL. . BEN J. F. HENRY. General Merchant. V E X A 8 C Ü , Lincoln Co N'kw Mexico Ranch Supplies a Special.?. 157" Highest Canil Trico raid For IliJos, I'tlts, and Country Proiiuo. J A. TOMLINSON, DKALKn LN Drugs iiiid Medicines, LINCOLN, N. M. The best of Wint-H, LnjuorH ami Cigars Coiistantlr on Hand. 'rescriptions a Specialty. Xo Prescriptioni! flllod or Modkinei nold except for Cash OB WORK A1? ENVELOPES, LETTER HEADS, NOTE HEADS, DILL HEADS, BUSINESS CARDS, VISITING CARDS, DODGERS, etc. fec, Waranty Deeds, QUIT CLAW DEEDS, NOTICES CANVASSERS WANTED. 1 1 i: m v Pacific States Map, California Stale Map, World -A.tlivs .And Oilier 1 'iililii'iitioiiM. Kor pail ii ul.irs wriio to H. A.T1".NNF.V, '.0 S-uiMiinc .St., Sun i'ra.ic.-c. ( ,i. Proof of Labor Blanks. UMM ii New and Old MEXICO. D. J M. A. JEWETT. Dealer in Iianelics, Cattle, &c. White Oaks A venne. RANCHES in Now anil old Mox ico for tale, prices ranging from 34,000 to 8300,000 Several fine lierds of Cattle S00 tc S.000 head. Two fine bunches oi Sheep. a, w t-H H u n 1 i .5 ñ. 35S : t j W 3 r. o o c (3S. For particulars Address D. J. M. A. Jkwett White Oaks, N. M. II AVE YOUR Job PrintinQ DDNK AT THE LEADER OF ICE w A Full Line o J u Hi Í Xfl Í W a c i-. Eh O O I SATISFATIOX GUARANTLEl) ' es Sh O o 0 B 3t -3 72, o o i i tu 31 a. ra 0 Q H y, w r i 0 M \n\n lie'hail liy calling on Le Cardo Le Vara, at JOSE MONTANA Y SAIS, Comersiant es Pormenor LINCOLN, - - N. M. Aviso Nosotros los uva jo firmado'; ilU irnos a Yd nuestros h tores ijiu linos mu (lado nueslro conicisio a la tienda nueva ñora vender mas batata que ninguna otra persona por dinero, al ineniidcllo y asi (relio (piL1 tunemos un Inicuo mrtido. de efectos, y lamliicii vendemos mais a un presio rcdiií.ido pasenado sen e-anonle se nía Tienda de Josc Montana y Sais mi Lincoln. X. M. l ilion le.Ht, ( Hiendo, wnero onecí colonic