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INCOLN County T JU EADER. Devoted Uo the Boat Interests of Lincoln County and the Development of Its Resources. VOLUME 5. WHITE OAKS, LINCOLN COUNTY, N. M., SATURDAY, AVííUST 20, 1887. NUMUKK 4C. R ol 1: S.SoyA -A fltfff- vrtuin,, )irr.i.lilHmi.-oit.vwlii-i7-ü"",, cuutr.ii i K t;ii- o rl. ' " ... n u rTIC CD t i,,h',,"0 "l,h "mlr' AU I til I litnw th pit!, or obtnm Htim.ti .ftfA .. COl'KllRLL, Attoknky at Law, Lincoln N. M Lincoln County Leader. Saturday, Anoint 20. 1SS7. Wm. Caííiey, E4itox do Pienletet Knten Oaks. N (1 in tin- Pout Ofllre nt AVhit M.. usci'oii(l class mutter. Practices' before all Courts of Hit' Ter ritorv. ami U. 8. Und Olllccs. Willi am v. r,ti; Coi.nsiíi.ou. at Law Lincoln Sew Mexico Wm. I. Chii.dkhk A1lIHriC. V,. h. Jackson, Socorro Cliililcrs, & Jackson, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Attnt ii erque and .Socorro. N. M. y "Vill uractlcc in Liucoln Countv. W. F BLANCHAUD, I. S. MINERAL DEPUTY SIRYEYIli, AND Notary Public. ""John YilHewitt. ATTOKNEY-AT-LAW. 1iitk oaks m sco i.n county Nkw Mkxioo. TiikCiik-aoo Wuki.y N'i:ws.and Lincoln Co. Lkadkk, 1 year $2. 75. John McMurohv, Minina Contractor. WHITE OAKS, X. M. Will operate in Lincoln and Socorro Counties. Or.l-- muv be left at this office. I'Klli. : Vlinrii CllA.NVII.I.K ..lUII.VUIISON 1. Ki'.ER RICHARDSON, .-iciornevs at Law, LINCOLN, X. M. Will (iniiMi-f innll tin- uoiirii of tliu Tcrrtiorv CHS. PFEI5TER, 'l .(is'.íc r.niilicrs' Hold. All work guaranteed -charges reasonable. 3 J. EL. BOH NELL, Mil Iff Winn; Oaks, (T '6 X. M. Charity in Dislri su. Mo.leni' joii In Oiai-jrus A. (i. LAXE, Physician and Surgeon, SOLICITS A SHAHK -Of the Patrona.sc of the Citizens of "White OiiUx uixl "Vicinity. I'roimit Aitciuliinee. l'nnetuiil Cnlleetioiip W.O. MoDONALD, U.S. MIXERAL lKPLTTY SIRYEYOR. AND Ouli. New Jli'M''" WHITE OAKS' ACADEMY. Local reader, liow does this sound ? Is it, not musical to the ear and pleasing to all the finer senses ? Does it not carry with it a delicious flavor, and leave a taste in the mouth such as you never expected to experience at this al titude ? Yet it is not the baseless fabric of a dream, a mirage, an ignis tatuus, or other delusion, but as near a fixed fact as anything in the near future can be. The intel ligent, the educated, and those ot our citizens feeling the want and importance of an education in themselves, and it's importance to the rising generation, have said, " there shall be an Academy es tablished in White Oaks," and there will be. We rejoice in the contemplated work, and bid it moreover, (rod-speed." Xow let us contemplate the un derlying idea a moment, and study the importance. The world's edtirational systems, theories and appliances have been, and will coutinue to be, governed by the fixed and i inimitable laws of progression. The earth and all that pertains thereto ; the wide universe teeming with life and regnant forces ; the illimitable heavens, zoned with stars, and crowded with myriads ot moving worlds ; all alike obey the infinite law of progression ordained by the Eternal mind from the first mo mcnt.ot their life's existence. The nations of antiquity had their ed ucational institutions, their aca demic groves, and their great and renowned public instructors. At the commencement of the Christian era, and under the sway ot Imperial Rome. there had grown up a chain ot splendid cities, fairer than the proudest capitals of Eu rope. Their libraries and school were the resort ot thousands, and from their halls and porticos of learning, went forth a host of stu dents who filled their age with ac tive speculations. Vet in a few short centuries the eruption of But our space will not permit, us to follow, step by step, the march ot the world's rapid advance ment. The history of it's swift onward movement in our own country has been again and again ably portrayed in type pencil, and the rostrum, and is more or less conversant to all. The advancement and swift re cognition accorded by the people of Xew Mexico to the character and wants of public instruction is alike a matter of just pride and wonder to all. Eacli and every citizen must feel a deep interest, and take a fond pride in our edu cational interests, lor it's fouda tions are deep down in the every day life of the people, it's' spirit is broad and catholic, and it's influence- surrounds, vivifies and enno bles the minutest and most intri cate of home wants, hopes and surroundings. Our local columns will set forth the progress so far made, an ap proximate of the chances of the disideratuni. An excursion train of seventeen cars, of which fifteen left Peoria, and the balance left Bloomington, 111., was wrecked Wednesday night of last week, at a bridge or culvert crossing Vermillion river, a short distance east of Ohatsworth. Ten cars and two engines were piled upon one another in the wreck. Over one hundred dead bodies were recovered. The excursion was bound for Niagara Falls, and the passengers were gathered from Peoria and points about there and alone the line. It was one of the most destructive railroad catastrophes on record in this country, and will clothe in mourning the population of a vast district ot Illinois. The scene of the disaster was in Ford county, about ninety miles south, or a lit tle west of south, ot Chicago. The number of lives lost in the greatest railway disasters of the past are as follows : At Versailles, France, May 8th. 1S42, loss ot life, 53 ; Burlington, X'. J., August 29, 154, killed, 21 ; Mods, Belgium, June, 1858, 21 killed ; St. Ililaire, Canada, June 29, 18(51, S3 killed ; near Erie, Fa., Dec. 18, 1807. 41 burned to death ; Carra Rock, X. V., April 14, lSf.S, 20 killed ; Abe'-gcle, Wales, August 2!, 1808, 83 burned to death ; Revere, Bos ton and Portland Road, Aug 20, 1871, 20 killed : Belleville, Can ada, June 22, 1872, 30 killed ; As- tabula, Ohio, December 29, 1870. North -men, the fall of Rome, and I Ul(, perished from drowning, fire (he corruption of Christianity, had ln(, t.XJ,otiUro to cId ; Tav bru OF, WITH, OR X EITHER ? We know not. why, but of late, two correspondents, the first from Nogal, and list week, one from Eagle Creek, both members of the Farmer's Alliance, assumed that it not of, we were with them in the endorsement ot the underlying principies of their Order. Hav ing been questioned by several as to our status, and.in- order that no misunderstanding 6honld exist, we deem it proper to define our po sition. First, wo aro not fully advised as to what arc the underlying principles of the Alliance, but if one ot the principles is Free Trade, as declared by tho chief Mogul. Breece, when here lately, wo are neither of or with them, but for ninst. Upon scarcely any ques tion do we occupy middle ground, but advance to a positive position. We are not a free trader, in favor of a tariff for revenue only, an in cidental tariff advocate, but favor a protective tariff, a tariff not for revenue only but for protection to American industry, whether rep resented by American labor or capital. How any man possessed ot intelligence, and having the good of his country and country men at heart can favor free trade, challenges our reasoning powers. It's paralyzing effect upon Ireland, once the most flourishing ot man ufacturing countries of the world, of itself would convert tistroni the fallacy had we ever been an adhe rent of it and the withering ef fect of low tariff in this country, and tho stimulating results of high tariff, causes us to look upon free trade as a heresy as fatal in it's op orations on American industry as the bite of a scorpion to the phys ical body. We do not know that free trade is really one of the te nets of the Alliance faith, but it was the chief stock in trade of Mr. Breece s argument, ana it he Was in error in so presenting, ft halt should be called. the tired Wllit,'; 33 cL. Bonnoll, OL.U.KK IN Arc. LUMBER, 8I11MÍLES, DOORS, WINDOWS, A lull supply ot Building-materials ;n;.son hand. Cal land tee me J. T. REID & Co WHITE OAKS X. M. .. , PKAI.KUS IS J'ttir Drutj, Medicine, Chemi cidn, lrfiiinenj, Soap, ToiUl Article, 1'iiteut Medi cine, il'6'., ll'C 37xoooxiiptioxiw Accurately compounded at all hours. well nigh blotted from the world's page, the learning and scolastic discipline of her dawn. Under (he wise rule oi the Moors on the peninsula of Spain, public libra ries had been collected, academies and schools organized, and proud temples reared, from whose ob-i-crvatnrics, scholars sought to in vestigate and understand the man ifold Wonders of her arched and circLng heav ens. Vet their over throw and expulsion by the Latin power again rolled back the advan cing fide of the world's learning. Their libraries were given to the flames, and their graceful observa tories of granite anil marble were tilled by Monkish superstition, with resounding chimes, whose brazen bells Lad been purified, christened and baptised by mitred bishops in historic waters. Yet from Barcelona, Granada and Cordova, had gone forth tho germ of a dilfusive education which was afterwards destined to fructify and bring forth fruit in coun tries beyond the rapid Rhine. posure to cola ; lav bridge, Scotland, December 28, 1879, 74 lives lost. H ad a hairy baby come to town this week, the women would not have exhibited more curiosity to look upon the monstrosity, than did the men of town display du ring the past few days in looking upon the " Nogal Xtigget." The nature of the editor, Rev. Sligh, crops out in tho first issue, as in it he hauls old man Henley over the mils lor professing Christianity and selling whisky, and yet, Mr. II. has not changed his business or professions since Sligh, from the pulpit, singled him out in the congregation as one who had served God for forty years and every year was drawing nearer to Chnst. Brother Jleiuey has evidently declined accepting Sligh as his temporal, us well as spirit ual adviser. Had he not been so stubborn, no allusion would have been made to tho inconsistency id the "brother." Like the l'opc, ho wants tho earth. Then Mr. B. was severe on " middle men," and pre through the Alliance to abolish them. Now we propose to be practical, and the idea lure set forth is impracticable. Middle nieu ramify all conditions of life. Tradition, as well as ancient and modern history, tell us that they have existed in all ages, in about the same ratio they do now, and they will exist, while tho lauet3 do, subtect, ot course, to heaithv. legitimate, legal restraint. But Mr. B. made us smile while on this subject, forero he got through he proposed getting rid of middle men by shoving them to one side and taking their places serving as middle men between manufactur ers or large dealers and small consumers. 11 In the sweat of thy lace shalt thou cat .bread," was tho curse pronounced by tho Almighty upon Adam tor transgressing the law in the garden of Eden. " Whilo the earth remaineth, seed-time and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shull not cease," such was the covenant which God mado with Noah immediately after the flood. Thus, it will bo seen that at the creation and at the begin mug ot the restoration ot man upon tin earth after the deluge, God laid down the principle ot curse and covenant, that work, that labor, should be tho base ot society. liut we would enquire, does anybody suppose that lie designed that all should be fillers ol the soil ? And if all were ag riculturists what would be the con dition ot society ? Indeed we have the word of God, as given us through the bible, that from the earliest days " Middle Men" existed, for what are miners, mechanics, laborers and artizan, but middle men ? The father ot Christ was a carpenter, several ot the Apostle were fishermen. And right here we are reminded that then, as now, mean middle men existed. Judas Iscariot was of this character, but we have not read of his making much out of the money winch he received for his treachery. But this is a di gression. Behind this period we read of large and populous cities being built, of merchants transact ing business, nfid of banks, then known as "money exchanges." When Solomon was about, to build his Temple he sent to Hiram, King of Tyre, for material, which II train contracted to furnish con ditioned that corn be paid therefor, giving as a reason why he preferred corn to money that his penple lived on an island where corn could not be produced, plainly conveying the idea that his people were not producers, but middle I men. Such as are wrapped up in the idea that what is known as mid dle men" are but tho olFshoots of idleness and craft, should learu that "middle men" now, as in all the centuries past, are a necessity eyen to the farmer. As well try to make three links ot sausage and dispenso with a middle link, as to go through tho world without the aid of middle men. We say aid because we meau it in precisely that sense. Why, what is a cler gyman but a middle man a mid dle man standing between the cre atr.ro and the Creator ? What are we but a middle man, standing at the threshold of the future, and crying back unfolding secrets to anxious denizens blinded with the glamour ot the present. Xow let none misunderstand us We are tree to admit that the most enviable position in which a man can be placed is that ot owner of soil with knowledge and inclina tion to till it. lie then earns his bread whilo operating as a partner of and with the Almighty, the former sowing and tho hitter maturing. But the world is not adapted to the holding of and pro viding for all farmers. Other fields oiler for legitímalo trado and all such should stand upon an equality with the agriculturists, none above, none below. Xow, what the farmer wants is not more producers but more con sinners, and they must come thro' muidlo men. Instead of forcing more men between the plow han dles they should use their best en deavours to establish manufacto ries, something which would con sume their cereals or cause them to be consumed. Is there a reasoning or reason able farmer who can or will take issue with "us in this position? If there is we will be pleased to hear from him. FT. STANTON. Fort Ktnnton, N. M. Aug. 17, 1887. Corporal Thomas O'Sullivan, la'e ol Troftp " 11," (1th infantry, lied of pneumonia, Monday morn ing, at the 1'cst Hospital. De ceased had served sixteen years in the U. S. Army and had tin ex cellent, record as a soldier. The 1'ost Council is having a set ot unoccupied quartets arrailged as a iiance hall and theater, wnerc votaries ot Terpsichore may anni hilate Government leather and future Billy Prices may chew somo of the " chestnut!?" thut Adam roasted tor Eve. Troop " L," Cth Cavalry, Fort Bayard, X. M., lately ordered to exchange stations with troop " II" of the Oth, arrived at this post Friday, 12th inst. Although we gain in numbers, Troop "L" having sixty-four men, yet it was with a feeling of sad ness that we bade good bye to tho bov8 of "II," many of whom, luring months of pleasant inter course, we had learned to love and respect. A base ball club inado up from companies " E" & " C," 13th In fantry paid Lincoln a visit last Sunday and were " liarharouly licked. Score 24 to 30 iri favor ot Lincoln. Our boys say tilo gamo Wa9 lost through no fault ot theirs, as the atmosphere was so productive ot mirage, that several balls could bo seen flying in as many direc tions at.) the same" time. John son, the center fielder, in his efforts to bag three stopped a fourth with his nose, and is now com pelled to carry that organ, which has assumed prodigious dimen sions, in a sling. Lieut. J. M. Statsenbnrg, &uf Post Quartermaster, expects to cave us about X'ov. 1st, for Fort Bayard, where, he will join his troop. The Lieut, lias shown him self a most able and efficient offi cer in his administration as A. A. Q. M. He lias successfully com peted a fine system of water works for the Post, will have fin ished by Xov. 1st, two elegant sets of officer's quarters, and has bro't the Post up to a good state of re pair generally. His place will bo difficult to till, and we predict tor him in the future, that success which always accompanies hon esty, energy and intelligence. Cokuisox. We hope the above screed will satisfy our Alliance friends wheth er we are of. with, or forninst them. Thoso who believe us in error on uny position we have ta ken will please come to the front and convert us. Our columns aro open and so arc we. The Philistiuo held a good hand, it was against everybody. Monday night, Mrs. Wagner gave birth to a bouncing boy. We scarcely think she will chris tafi it Watson, the name of tho man who sought to evict her lroirt her room and bed on Monday, and would have donoso had .t not been for tho intervention of a jury ot men possessing brains and hearts. We call the attention ot the church and temperance society which this alleged man belongs to. to Ins JaptMis trota the common walks of humanity and ordinary decency. His presence would dis grace a 'Ch'neso 'oss house. A i.Ko.vi. friend who knows1 whereot ho speaks, informs us that tho business of the next court in this county, will bo but little. Judge Long is in Indiuna 8 wo writo. It was supposed that tho docket would be u heuvy ono, and the court last for three weeks, but this would imply to tho contrary Catt. Wai.i.a t, of II troop, ex changes with Capt. Overton, of L troop, the former going to Ft. Bay ard, and the latter coining to Ft. Stanton.