Devoted Uo the Boat Interests of Lincoln County and the Development of Its Resources.
WHITE OAKS, LINCOLN COUNTY, N. M., SATURDAY, AVííUST 20, 1887.
R ol 1: S.SoyA -A fltfff-
cuutr.ii i K t;ii- o rl. ' " ...
n u rTIC CD t i,,h',,"0 "l,h "mlr'
AU I til I litnw th pit!, or obtnm Htim.ti
.ftfA .. COl'KllRLL,
Attoknky at Law,
Lincoln County Leader.
Saturday, Anoint 20. 1SS7.
Wm. Caííiey, E4itox do Pienletet
(1 in tin- Pout Ofllre nt AVhit
M.. usci'oii(l class mutter.
Practices' before all Courts of Hit' Ter
ritorv. ami U. 8. Und Olllccs.
Willi am v. r,ti;
Coi.nsiíi.ou. at Law
Lincoln Sew Mexico
Wm. I. Chii.dkhk A1lIHriC.
V,. h. Jackson, Socorro
Cliililcrs, & Jackson,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Attnt ii erque and .Socorro. N. M.
y "Vill uractlcc in Liucoln Countv.
W. F BLANCHAUD,
I. S. MINERAL DEPUTY SIRYEYIli,
1iitk oaks m sco i.n county
TiikCiik-aoo Wuki.y N'i:ws.and
Lincoln Co. Lkadkk, 1 year $2. 75.
WHITE OAKS, X. M.
Will operate in Lincoln and
Or.l-- muv be left at this office.
I'Klli. : Vlinrii CllA.NVII.I.K ..lUII.VUIISON
1. Ki'.ER RICHARDSON,
.-iciornevs at Law,
LINCOLN, X. M.
Will (iniiMi-f innll tin- uoiirii of tliu Tcrrtiorv
'l .(is'.íc r.niilicrs' Hold.
All work guaranteed -charges
3 J. EL. BOH NELL,
Charity in Dislri su. Mo.leni' joii In Oiai-jrus
A. (i. LAXE,
Physician and Surgeon,
SOLICITS A SHAHK
-Of the Patrona.sc of the Citizens of
"White OiiUx uixl "Vicinity.
I'roimit Aitciuliinee. l'nnetuiil Cnlleetioiip
U.S. MIXERAL lKPLTTY SIRYEYOR.
Ouli. New Jli'M''"
WHITE OAKS' ACADEMY.
Local reader, liow does this
sound ? Is it, not musical to the
ear and pleasing to all the finer
senses ? Does it not carry with it
a delicious flavor, and leave a taste
in the mouth such as you never
expected to experience at this al
titude ? Yet it is not the baseless
fabric of a dream, a mirage, an
ignis tatuus, or other delusion, but
as near a fixed fact as anything in
the near future can be. The intel
ligent, the educated, and those ot
our citizens feeling the want and
importance of an education in
themselves, and it's importance to
the rising generation, have said,
" there shall be an Academy es
tablished in White Oaks," and
there will be. We rejoice in the
contemplated work, and bid it
Xow let us contemplate the un
derlying idea a moment, and study
The world's edtirational systems,
theories and appliances have been,
and will coutinue to be, governed
by the fixed and i inimitable laws
of progression. The earth and
all that pertains thereto ; the wide
universe teeming with life and
regnant forces ; the illimitable
heavens, zoned with stars, and
crowded with myriads ot moving
worlds ; all alike obey the infinite
law of progression ordained by the
Eternal mind from the first mo
mcnt.ot their life's existence. The
nations of antiquity had their ed
ucational institutions, their aca
demic groves, and their great and
renowned public instructors.
At the commencement of the
Christian era, and under the sway
ot Imperial Rome. there had grown
up a chain ot splendid cities, fairer
than the proudest capitals of Eu
rope. Their libraries and school
were the resort ot thousands, and
from their halls and porticos of
learning, went forth a host of stu
dents who filled their age with ac
tive speculations. Vet in a few
short centuries the eruption of
But our space will not permit,
us to follow, step by step, the
march ot the world's rapid advance
ment. The history of it's swift
onward movement in our own
country has been again and again
ably portrayed in type pencil, and
the rostrum, and is more or less
conversant to all.
The advancement and swift re
cognition accorded by the people
of Xew Mexico to the character
and wants of public instruction is
alike a matter of just pride and
wonder to all. Eacli and every
citizen must feel a deep interest,
and take a fond pride in our edu
cational interests, lor it's fouda
tions are deep down in the every
day life of the people, it's' spirit is
broad and catholic, and it's influence-
surrounds, vivifies and enno
bles the minutest and most intri
cate of home wants, hopes and
Our local columns will set forth
the progress so far made, an ap
proximate of the chances of the
An excursion train of seventeen
cars, of which fifteen left Peoria,
and the balance left Bloomington,
111., was wrecked Wednesday
night of last week, at a bridge or
culvert crossing Vermillion river,
a short distance east of Ohatsworth.
Ten cars and two engines were
piled upon one another in the
wreck. Over one hundred dead
bodies were recovered. The
excursion was bound for Niagara
Falls, and the passengers were
gathered from Peoria and points
about there and alone the line. It
was one of the most destructive
railroad catastrophes on record in
this country, and will clothe in
mourning the population of a vast
district ot Illinois. The scene of
the disaster was in Ford county,
about ninety miles south, or a lit
tle west of south, ot Chicago.
The number of lives lost in the
greatest railway disasters of the
past are as follows : At Versailles,
France, May 8th. 1S42, loss ot life,
53 ; Burlington, X'. J., August 29,
154, killed, 21 ; Mods, Belgium,
June, 1858, 21 killed ; St. Ililaire,
Canada, June 29, 18(51, S3 killed ;
near Erie, Fa., Dec. 18, 1807. 41
burned to death ; Carra Rock, X.
V., April 14, lSf.S, 20 killed ;
Abe'-gcle, Wales, August 2!, 1808,
83 burned to death ; Revere, Bos
ton and Portland Road, Aug 20,
1871, 20 killed : Belleville, Can
ada, June 22, 1872, 30 killed ; As-
tabula, Ohio, December 29, 1870.
North -men, the fall of Rome, and I Ul(, perished from drowning, fire
(he corruption of Christianity, had ln(, t.XJ,otiUro to cId ; Tav bru
OF, WITH, OR X EITHER ?
We know not. why, but of late,
two correspondents, the first from
Nogal, and list week, one from
Eagle Creek, both members of the
Farmer's Alliance, assumed that
it not of, we were with them in the
endorsement ot the underlying
principies of their Order. Hav
ing been questioned by several as
to our status, and.in- order that no
misunderstanding 6honld exist, we
deem it proper to define our po
sition. First, wo aro not fully advised
as to what arc the underlying
principles of the Alliance, but if
one ot the principles is Free Trade,
as declared by tho chief Mogul.
Breece, when here lately, wo are
neither of or with them, but for
ninst. Upon scarcely any ques
tion do we occupy middle ground,
but advance to a positive position.
We are not a free trader, in favor
of a tariff for revenue only, an in
cidental tariff advocate, but favor
a protective tariff, a tariff not for
revenue only but for protection to
American industry, whether rep
resented by American labor or
capital. How any man possessed
ot intelligence, and having the
good of his country and country
men at heart can favor free trade,
challenges our reasoning powers.
It's paralyzing effect upon Ireland,
once the most flourishing ot man
ufacturing countries of the world,
of itself would convert tistroni the
fallacy had we ever been an adhe
rent of it and the withering ef
fect of low tariff in this country,
and tho stimulating results of high
tariff, causes us to look upon free
trade as a heresy as fatal in it's op
orations on American industry as
the bite of a scorpion to the phys
ical body. We do not know that
free trade is really one of the te
nets of the Alliance faith, but it
was the chief stock in trade of Mr.
Breece s argument, ana it he Was
in error in so presenting, ft halt
should be called.
A lull supply ot
;n;.son hand. Cal land tee me
J. T. REID & Co
WHITE OAKS X. M.
J'ttir Drutj, Medicine, Chemi
cidn, lrfiiinenj, Soap, ToiUl
Article, 1'iiteut Medi
cine, il'6'., ll'C
Accurately compounded at all
well nigh blotted from the world's
page, the learning and scolastic
discipline of her dawn. Under
(he wise rule oi the Moors on the
peninsula of Spain, public libra
ries had been collected, academies
and schools organized, and proud
temples reared, from whose ob-i-crvatnrics,
scholars sought to in
vestigate and understand the man
ifold Wonders of her arched and
circLng heav ens. Vet their over
throw and expulsion by the Latin
power again rolled back the advan
cing fide of the world's learning.
Their libraries were given to the
flames, and their graceful observa
tories of granite anil marble were
tilled by Monkish superstition,
with resounding chimes, whose
brazen bells Lad been purified,
christened and baptised by mitred
bishops in historic waters. Yet
from Barcelona, Granada and
Cordova, had gone forth tho germ
of a dilfusive education which was
afterwards destined to fructify
and bring forth fruit in coun
tries beyond the rapid Rhine.
posure to cola ; lav bridge,
Scotland, December 28, 1879, 74
H ad a hairy baby come to town
this week, the women would not
have exhibited more curiosity to
look upon the monstrosity, than
did the men of town display du
ring the past few days in looking
upon the " Nogal Xtigget." The
nature of the editor, Rev. Sligh,
crops out in tho first issue, as in it
he hauls old man Henley over the
mils lor professing Christianity
and selling whisky, and yet, Mr.
II. has not changed his business
or professions since Sligh, from
the pulpit, singled him out in the
congregation as one who had
served God for forty years and
every year was drawing nearer
to Chnst. Brother Jleiuey has
evidently declined accepting Sligh
as his temporal, us well as spirit
ual adviser. Had he not been so
stubborn, no allusion would have
been made to tho inconsistency id
the "brother." Like the l'opc,
ho wants tho earth.
Then Mr. B. was severe on
" middle men," and pre
through the Alliance to abolish
them. Now we propose to be
practical, and the idea lure set
forth is impracticable. Middle
nieu ramify all conditions of life.
Tradition, as well as ancient and
modern history, tell us that they
have existed in all ages, in about
the same ratio they do now, and
they will exist, while tho lauet3
do, subtect, ot course, to heaithv.
legitimate, legal restraint. But
Mr. B. made us smile while on
this subject, forero he got through
he proposed getting rid of middle
men by shoving them to one side
and taking their places serving as
middle men between manufactur
ers or large dealers and small consumers.
11 In the sweat of thy lace shalt
thou cat .bread," was tho curse
pronounced by tho Almighty upon
Adam tor transgressing the law in
the garden of Eden. " Whilo the
earth remaineth, seed-time and
harvest, and cold and heat, and
summer and winter, and day and
night shull not cease," such was
the covenant which God mado
with Noah immediately after the
flood. Thus, it will bo seen that
at the creation and at the begin
mug ot the restoration ot man
upon tin earth after the deluge,
God laid down the principle ot
curse and covenant, that work,
that labor, should be tho base ot
society. liut we would enquire,
does anybody suppose that lie
designed that all should be fillers
ol the soil ? And if all were ag
riculturists what would be the con
dition ot society ?
Indeed we have the word of God,
as given us through the bible, that
from the earliest days " Middle
Men" existed, for what are miners,
mechanics, laborers and artizan,
but middle men ? The father ot
Christ was a carpenter, several
ot the Apostle were fishermen.
And right here we are reminded
that then, as now, mean middle
men existed. Judas Iscariot was
of this character, but we have not
read of his making much out of
the money winch he received for
his treachery. But this is a di
gression. Behind this period we
read of large and populous cities
being built, of merchants transact
ing business, nfid of banks, then
known as "money exchanges."
When Solomon was about, to
build his Temple he sent to Hiram,
King of Tyre, for material, which
II train contracted to furnish con
ditioned that corn be paid therefor,
giving as a reason why he preferred
corn to money that his penple
lived on an island where corn
could not be produced, plainly
conveying the idea that his people
were not producers, but middle
Such as are wrapped up in the
idea that what is known as mid
dle men" are but tho olFshoots of
idleness and craft, should learu
that "middle men" now, as in all
the centuries past, are a necessity
eyen to the farmer. As well try
to make three links ot sausage and
dispenso with a middle link, as to
go through tho world without the
aid of middle men. We say aid
because we meau it in precisely
that sense. Why, what is a cler
gyman but a middle man a mid
dle man standing between the cre
atr.ro and the Creator ? What are
we but a middle man, standing
at the threshold of the future, and
crying back unfolding secrets to
anxious denizens blinded with the
glamour ot the present.
Xow let none misunderstand us
We are tree to admit that the most
enviable position in which a man
can be placed is that ot owner of
soil with knowledge and inclina
tion to till it. lie then earns
his bread whilo operating as a
partner of and with the Almighty,
the former sowing and tho hitter
maturing. But the world is not
adapted to the holding of and pro
viding for all farmers. Other
fields oiler for legitímalo trado and
all such should stand upon an
equality with the agriculturists,
none above, none below.
Xow, what the farmer wants is
not more producers but more con
sinners, and they must come thro'
muidlo men. Instead of forcing
more men between the plow han
dles they should use their best en
deavours to establish manufacto
ries, something which would con
sume their cereals or cause them
to be consumed.
Is there a reasoning or reason
able farmer who can or will take
issue with "us in this position? If
there is we will be pleased to hear
Fort Ktnnton, N. M.
Aug. 17, 1887.
Corporal Thomas O'Sullivan,
la'e ol Troftp " 11," (1th infantry,
lied of pneumonia, Monday morn
ing, at the 1'cst Hospital. De
ceased had served sixteen years in
the U. S. Army and had tin ex
cellent, record as a soldier.
The 1'ost Council is having a set
ot unoccupied quartets arrailged
as a iiance hall and theater, wnerc
votaries ot Terpsichore may anni
hilate Government leather and
future Billy Prices may chew somo
of the " chestnut!?" thut Adam
roasted tor Eve.
Troop " L," Cth Cavalry, Fort
Bayard, X. M., lately ordered to
exchange stations with troop " II"
of the Oth, arrived at this post
Friday, 12th inst.
Although we gain in numbers,
Troop "L" having sixty-four men,
yet it was with a feeling of sad
ness that we bade good bye to tho
bov8 of "II," many of whom,
luring months of pleasant inter
course, we had learned to love and
A base ball club inado up from
companies " E" & " C," 13th In
fantry paid Lincoln a visit last
Sunday and were " liarharouly
licked. Score 24 to 30 iri favor ot
Our boys say tilo gamo Wa9
lost through no fault ot theirs, as
the atmosphere was so productive
ot mirage, that several balls could
bo seen flying in as many direc
tions at.) the same" time. John
son, the center fielder, in his
efforts to bag three stopped a fourth
with his nose, and is now com
pelled to carry that organ, which
has assumed prodigious dimen
sions, in a sling.
Lieut. J. M. Statsenbnrg, &uf
Post Quartermaster, expects to
cave us about X'ov. 1st, for Fort
Bayard, where, he will join his
troop. The Lieut, lias shown him
self a most able and efficient offi
cer in his administration as A. A.
Q. M. He lias successfully com
peted a fine system of water
works for the Post, will have fin
ished by Xov. 1st, two elegant sets
of officer's quarters, and has bro't
the Post up to a good state of re
pair generally. His place will bo
difficult to till, and we predict tor
him in the future, that success
which always accompanies hon
esty, energy and intelligence.
We hope the above screed will
satisfy our Alliance friends wheth
er we are of. with, or forninst
them. Thoso who believe us in
error on uny position we have ta
ken will please come to the front
and convert us. Our columns aro
open and so arc we.
The Philistiuo held a good hand,
it was against everybody.
Monday night, Mrs. Wagner
gave birth to a bouncing boy.
We scarcely think she will chris
tafi it Watson, the name of tho
man who sought to evict her lroirt
her room and bed on Monday,
and would have donoso had .t not
been for tho intervention of a jury
ot men possessing brains and
hearts. We call the attention ot
the church and temperance society
which this alleged man belongs to.
to Ins JaptMis trota the common
walks of humanity and ordinary
decency. His presence would dis
grace a 'Ch'neso 'oss house.
A i.Ko.vi. friend who knows1
whereot ho speaks, informs us
that tho business of the next court
in this county, will bo but little.
Judge Long is in Indiuna 8 wo
writo. It was supposed that tho
docket would be u heuvy ono, and
the court last for three weeks, but
this would imply to tho contrary
Catt. Wai.i.a t, of II troop, ex
changes with Capt. Overton, of L
troop, the former going to Ft. Bay
ard, and the latter coining to Ft.
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