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The Southern journal. (Monticello, Miss.) 184?-18??, June 10, 1845, Image 2

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From the N. O. Picayune.
Foreigu News. «...
Fifteen Days Later from England.
The steamship Britannia arrived at Bos
ton on the morning of Uje 19th" ult. * She
^brings Liverpool advices to life 4th. The
Bpews does not appear, at,the firh glhhce,
m£o possess very great political interest
^s^-but in a comiiiercial view it is favor
•'. able*. " 'yr >'•
/ The papers keep up their fire, al
* though w ith less vigor, upon Texas and
Oregon. ,
TWMttynooth College bill had occu
pied fke principal share of the consideration
of Parliament for the fortnight preceding
the sailing of'\he Britannia. There re
mained no dolftt of the ultimate success
or the ihinistcrial measure, though it had j
not gone through either house. The pub
lic mind was in a ferment of excitement in
regard to if, and it is likely will continue
so long after its adoption shall have been
announced. The subjoined extract from
an article in Wilmer & Smith’s Times
presents the points that are chafed by it
into such frightful irritation:
“Sir Robert Teel has hazarded much in
permanently endowing Maynooth. There
is no chord in the national mind so sen
sitive—none that (Jiriijs witli an emotion
so keen as that which the bare idea of sup
porting Popery out of the public purse
calls into action. On the principle that
the hatred of the nearest relations is the
most bitter, we may account for the feel
ing which marks the churches of England
and Rome. But dissent is, if possible, in
all the varieties which it assumes, more
intense in its dislike of the scarlet lady
j| than are the orthodox,- and as dissenters
uiuiu uiiu euuow ineir own places ol •wor
ship, a feeling of oppression and injustice
is superadded to sectarian dislike. Recent
events have given full scope tor the dis
play of this hatred of Catholicism; and
knowing the latent power he was evoking^
its strength and durability, the Minister,
in this assault upon the prejudices of his
countrymen and his party, has shown how
far he is prepared to go to make the empire
“united” in feeling as in name. Small as
the boon fs, tt has been gratefully received
in Ireland, Mr. O’Connell, who knows'
no medium in his praise or censure, has
“blarneyed” Peel and Graham in approved
style, and irom me J rCasury Bench ol
St. Stephen's the “soft sawder” is reci
In regard to the effect of the discussion
upon this subject, it seems that its conse
quences are not all of them felicitous upon
the public mind at home.
The necessity of sending “a message of
peace to Ireland,” as avowed hy Sir Ro,
hert, before he could pluck up spunk enough
to talk saucy to Mr. Polk about Oregon, is
considered a humiliating exposure of a
national weakness which the more prudent
think the Prime Minister should have con
cealed, It is conjectured by some that an
entire reorganization of parlies will grow 1
out of this debate. Willmcr & Smith’s j
Times indulges a free speculation on the
probability of such an issue. That journal
‘‘A new combination of paities may be
the result, ns in 1829. We Hear of round
robins being signed hy some of the con
stituencies, indicative of notice to quit,
and an election will occur in a year or
two. The admissions, too, of Ministers
lh.1t mnr/> must lip rlnnp fr*i»
avowed intention of Lord John Russell
and the whigs to lay violent hands on the
church revenues in Ireland, w ith which to
endow the Roman Catholic clergy—these
circumstances would seem to point to a
probability of a redistribution of parts
in the political drama, at no distant
Lord John Russell has laid upon the
table of the House of Commons a series of
resolutions, which he threatens to urge to
a final vote. The first three of them will
open a wide field of debate, of a character
little calculated to add to the repose
and tranquility of either Government or
1. That the present stale of political
tranquility,and the recent revival of trade,
alibi'd to this House a favorable opportunity
to consider of such measures as may tend
permanently to improve the condition of
the laboring classes.
2. That those laws which impose duties
usually called protective tend to impair
the efficiency of labor, to restrict the free
interchange of commodities, and to impose
on the people unnecessary ta^nfion,
3. That the present corn law tends tr
check improvements in agriculture, pro
duces uncertainty in all farming specula
tions, and holds out to the owners and oc
cupiers of land prospects of special advan*
tage which it fails to secure.
■Ireland. Thp intelligence fromIrelonc
is of j«tl little consequence. The tegoku
meetings oflhq Repeal AssflciaUXn were
held at Conciliation 1 fall, Pultlin, on the
21 si and 28fhnlt;, and both .were addressee
hy Mr. O'Connell. fie eulogized the
Irish Ranking Act of Miv J’pCl, compli
mented the Minister^ generally and aim.ieri
the Dissenters. In his spe#.h on the SBtli
after stating ih.it llepcal should be shou'c
*n the ears^jf her Majesty; He rtidV^rthr
following: ■
Resol red, Thai *%he commit tee of the
L'nyaf National Repeal Association iff pin.
structrd to consider wbat'will be the most
appropriate mannerof receiving IheQuaen.
in ease her Majesty 'should visit Irci^n'd,
Inking rare thafJ’Vhile the greatest respect
is paid to out Sovereign, shtPmay noj lie
allowed to remain in ignorance of th^.in
lenlton of the Irish*people fofierscverr, un
der Pll circumstances, in their jgcwfM
for the legislative independence of Ire
land. * !\
lYance.—M. Gurzol was taken Sffffi????
ill oii the 19th tilt, by a violent spasmodic
aMck, which for a time deprived him cf
speech. lie had recovered.- Leave was
granted him of ahsenee for one month to
recruit his hfcalth. Count Duohatel re
places him. ad interim, tn the direcltoifoT
the Foreign Department.
The meagre abstracts of the proceedings
in the Chambers possess no interest for the
genera! reader.
Switzerland.—There has been no more
fighting in Switzerland. The affair at
Lucerne was quite as much of this mode of
arranging family quarrels ns was either
profitable or agreeable.
The New Zurich Gazette announces
that a treaty was coneluded at Liifci'ne on*
the 23d ult., between the Commissioners
6f the government of Lucerne and those ol
the cantons of Berne, Soleure, Basle Cam
pngne and Argau, relitive to the telling
at liberty the prisoner®. The indemnity
to be paid for their release is 350,000f., ol
which Berne is to pay 70,0081'., Soleure
20,0001’., BasleCampagne 35,000., Argau
200,000., and the other cantons 25,000f.
The contracting parlies expect that the
Diet will pay 150,000., so that Lucerne
will receive in all .r;00,000f.
Algiers.—Marshal Bugeaud has post
poned his plans for earn ing fire and sword
into nrose districts ot "Algiers which arc
inhabited by the Knbyles, the descendents
of the ancient Ntimidians, in consequence
of the reappearance of the unconquerable
Abd-el Ruder, on the south west frontier
of the province of Oran. That formidable
chief lias got together a considerable force
piincipally composed of Arabs of tbcdeseil
tribes, and is again threatening the advanc
ed posts of the French.
India.—The Overland Mail had arrived,
The advices contained in it relate princi
pally to the extension of the British Em
pire over the native tribes.
Under the pretence ol chastising robber
clans, or redressing outrages, the Govern
ment is carrying its arms in whatever di
rcction booty may tempt the rapacity of the
military, or “fat lands,,challenge the do*
m nion of tl.e crow n.
The papers contain new s from North
ern Europe, Egypt, Turkey, Greece, Ac.
Ac., hut nothing of moment has arrested
our search.
Texas.—we believe every thing is set
tied and certain in favor of annexation,
and we fortify this opinion by the follow ,
ing articles from two late journals of the
highest authority, and possessing the best
means of information.—IV. O. Jef. Rep.
Emm the Texas, Xa'ional Register, the
tlie official organ of President Jones:—
“Consistent with lliese general expres
sions appears lo he the course of our Pres
ident, who, in convoking Congress in the
extra session on the ltiih June next, show ;
that he is animated by a high sense o'
public duty, and a faithful regard for th<
will of the people of ’J'exas. No one cai
doubt that a largo majority of our citizens
are anxious tor annexation, nnd vfili ac
cept and ratify the terms now proposed foi
this purpose. The President, therefore
interposing no constitutional obstacle t<
the fulfilment of their wishes, leaves the
question to their calm and peaceable ant
enlightened action. Congress, doubtless
will recommend the call of a convention
after apportioning the districts for thee
lection of delegates, whose duty it will be
come toadapt our constitution and gov
ernment to the new circumstances unde
which we shall be placed ns an cqun
member of.the American Union, togoiti
to effect when the Congress of the l nttei
Plates, after receiving our constitution
passes the law to receive us.'’
From the Union, 1 ho official organ o
president Polk: “Again we congratulate
our country upon the coniun\mation of he
hopes which brings the ‘lone star’ lo eti
constellation, and the people of Texa
back to their ^legitimate’ brothers.”
The Small Pox is raging in the city r
New York to a considerable extent, an
some apprehension felt lest it should sprea
over the city.
. — - ■ - - - - -
herbal liftmo for most of 1 hoi r
'T?Wm»Hs^uiIfiTio,vnnousai1:l!’'l5lS,fl?l,P.'? Ill11
for 1 heir families and plantations a re'brougiit
to thorn. Goods can hcf bought as cheap
in Mnnticello now as th ;y can be.purclms*
ed in New Oi lcans and brought up—com
p.pr 11 n" l'P 'n :,fl kinds of trade
and the consumers can now "purcKascTIr"
tides at a fair price—there is but a verv
little difference in their disposing of their
crops here and taking them to New Or
leans—they get about the same here for
their cotton a* limy can in the city, with !
the deduction of freight, commissions, in
surance, dravage, &.C., &c. The small
planter will find it more for his advantage
° I
to sell here, than he does to take it -to a
foreign market—the large planter will per
haps, yet fora time ship their cotton
j Orleans, lor flic reason that our merchants
| have not the capital to do suc^a heavy bu
siness—but Mie time is fast afiproaebintr
when all the coiton raised iif this county
will find as ready and good a market in this
town as will bo found else where.
The Journal has raised the subject °p
improving the navigation of Pearl river
and .sufficient interest has been excited to
induce Congress to take measures to ascer
tain the numberof acres of vacant land with
in five miles of the river, with a view of do
nating the alternate section to clear out the
river—them is no doubt but our next le
gislature will act upon the subject doubt
less memorialise Congress to donate the
land. If tiiis should be persevered in and
let it be carried out, it will be more fur the
advantage of ibis Slate than any other
project that has ever been agitated—one
third of the Slnto is particularly interest
ed, and the people begin to see the impor
tance and w iil not let the subject sleep,
and the Journal will keep ii fresh iu their
The Journal has always been one way
in politics and always will be—it will not
screen the guilty, but on the contrary it
will he a journal of the good and had
acts of those to whom we trust the af
fairs of government to.
The Journal has always advoeatad Ihc
cause of virtue, and attempted to expose
vice, wiih moral firmness—and it will yet
pursue the same course—an object has
bean made of directing and encouraging
the course of the rising generation—to in
spire them with energy, moral courage,
honesty of purpose, and industry.
Inc expense of enlarging our paper
will lie something, and we hope our friends
and ihr.se wiio appreciate (lie importance
of our independent Journal, will not for
get nt—we are laboring in a common
cause, and we a.-k a comfortable support.
Beer have advertised in
another column that they are selling their
goods at cost. We learn they intend bring
ing on a fresh stock and offer them cheap
and sell them any how.
03“ We have heard something said about
getting up a barbecue in this town on tlie
4th of July. We should be much pleased
to see that day celebrated—it is a day sac.
red to every American freemen, and we
should never permit it to go by without rna.
nilestifig in some way our gratitude to
those who had the moral firmness, in dark
atal portenlious times, when lamentations
of persreution was wafted on every breeze,
I to sign a declaration of independence; and
pledge by the most binding and solemn
I pledge, that by their lives, their fortunes,
, and their sacred honors, it would he sus
tained—and how noblv it was done. TnP
r " '
' anniversary of that day w ill never be per
r milted to pass by uncelebrated.
1 03“ By reference t# our list of candi
dates it will be seen that several more have
„ been added this week—among others, foui
j have come out for representatives in the
j low er branch of our next legislature—twe
I to be chosen.
President Polk—The one term
. -Principle.
Sonic of 1 fie Whig journals at Ihe n^*th
having repeatedly made the charge that
President Ppllt' was shaping his administer
tjoir sp as to run a second term, by
king his appointinenlft to promote his btfn
fe-elefttion, the Washington Ujuonr,-in the
jbllowinjr^emphatic language, stsmpjj the
rdjcgBtion as calumnious: -.J'Xn
“THe President has already ^declared
more than once that he himself will not be
a candidate fpt a second term of offic^—
[fe lias-Qtribriscd tis to declare it ngnm Tff
the prospectus which w'c have submitted U>
Ihe nation as the^rced of our own faith
and the guide of our own course. Hc' goes
-in for one term only, tb serve his country
to the best of his ability, , and anxious to
to testify his gratitude to the people who
have honored him by their confidence by
al&veJ*flg himself to their service, and not
to his own continuance in office. ' ffc does
not, therefore, design to shape his admin
t^bflWn to assist any aspirant, or to make
his appointments to promote his own rb
elecCon; but to carry out' faithfully the
powers which the people have placed in
his hands.”
This exhibits a bold contrast with 'tie
"ejSfiTe of the late incumbent of Ihe Presi'
dential chair, whom Mr. Clay called a
“that unfortunate gentleman?’’ Mr. Ty»
Irr turned the executive patronage to the
undisguised purpose of securing a second
term. Vain effort! Unworthy aml^tion!
f lis administration, it is true, at. times ex
hibited lofty and patriotic purpose; but the
inexpressibly selfish end which he mani
.i.. t_i _ _i_:_i t • . r ~i_
lie otherwise would lmvc won; and he left
'W.i5lPdospised hynthe party which had ele
vated him, and without the respect of the
party whose favor he courted. Hew dif
ferent will.be the verdict of public senti
ment, in regard to his successor, who ‘goes
in lor one term only, to serve his country
to the best of his ability, and anxious to
testify his gratitude to the people who
have honored him with their confidence
by devoting himself to their service and
not his own continuance in office.—Mis.
War with England-—From the tone of
the following editorials in the New Yoik
-Ljl. -7 — j—j- — - iv.il..* r.»el'.cl, tn. y infer
est, and with the best sources of informa
tion, both from the mother country and the
Canadian government, there is little doubt
that we shall have war.--2V. V. .Iff. Rep.
“No one who observes the ‘signs of the
limes,’ can now doubt that England is now
putting herself in a posture of defence, but
actually preparing for war, should that
great and terrible evil become necossasy.
The speeches in Parliament, the article in
-the best informed British journals, and the
activity in all the naval departments prove
this important fact. It is not that Eng
land is desirous of rekindling the flames of
discord, lint that she has been compelled
j in spite of all her sacrifices for the sake of
tranquility, to lay aside the garb of peace
and put on the armour of war. Perhaps
this will have itsuscs, as it may tell foreign
nations that there is always a point beyond
which human forbesrance will not go.
“England, we arc told by the Duke of
Wellington,cannot wagea‘littlc war.’—
It must he a war upon a grand scale, one
mmmnncnnln until Itnr nnu’ftr Krn* rrrm 1
I ■ Cl
ness, and her rank among the nations of
the earth. Neither can she with any ad
vantage carry on a long war, whietkis so
exhausting to the vital powers *f a coun
try. In a long war, England must add
still more to her national debt, an alterna
tive by no means desirable. Sir Robert
Peel and the Duke of Wellington fully un
derstand this, and their policy seems to
be, that should hostilities unhappily occur
the Italian must make a grand effort, with
all her powers concentrated 1o bring ihe
contest to a speedy conclusion. For this
purpose we have seen that efforts are ma
king to conciliate Ireland; the policy of
the President, too, is such, that he must
secure the support of the great whig party.
When the whig party and with Ireland too
bool, and with the augmented power that
modern science can give to Ihe elements
of destruction, it is supposed that the etr
orgies of the empire can be wielded with a
power that will prove irre«istahle.”
Wonderful Cave.—A new cave, rival
ing Ihe Mammoth cave of Kentucky, has
been discovered in Howard county, Mis-i
souri. The entrance was walled up and
was discovered by accident. It appearfc
to have been visited before and has letters
and Spanish names inscribed on the walls
of the interior. The walls and ceiling of
the interior glisten with a metalic ore,
which was probably the cause of its being
walled up by the first discoverers.
_ f
jfc ' ' From thrrPittsburg Age.
Grpt I$re:. iif Allegheny City.
Ofors isfer city; was visited, by a most
destrtiettveT fire on Saturday morning the
17j}i‘ult., which consumed fotlr of mmlarge
Transportation VSyary bouses, and*} nuni
inir of dwellings***! other budding*.
The fire^destrajed every building be*
luBen Federal Snd Sandusky streets, from
EJtW'cl&t&etffo^lie '.canal, except one or
twOjIogetheAyiih several on the, lower
style of the last mentioned street-. The
dtunage cannot be much IeSs than $80,000
Atrryjb art^r past midnight the watch
inatrai fwlr. P< (Gralljs transportation wnre
hoiise disco/erod /lames issuing from die
rear of Mr. WhiteqmtPtj/.machine shop, on
Lacock street, whf^afttrgiviiig-thcalarm
he endeavored to extinguish with the buc
kets of water which are always provided
and convenient for-the purpose, but yi
vain—the,.£ife extended rapidly to the afl
join ing bniltUngs, a nil soon all were a mass
of flame! *
As mast of the, buildings destroyed were
frames, it was difficult to check the five;
and the great difficulty in procuring water,'
and scarcity of hose, (large quant/fies hav
ing been destroyed by the great fire of the
■ iOth,) contributed to render the fire des
Considerable quantities of Western pro
duce wore djftroyed in the . warehouses,'
and but few Eastern goods- as the aque
duct was to be in use in a few davs, large
q tnntitios^of goods had 'been brought to
this side and were save!. Some of the
Lines had their spacious warehousds on
fixm Til I 1 .. 1 i i
. ..6 **•*»>'• .till! -wuua-1UUI
the fire occurred two or three weeks »<ro,
the loss would Iwvr- been half a million of
The warehouses destroyed were merely
temporary structures, and would not have
been used after this season, as all the lines
have fine brick houses on this side of the
The “Safes” again proved worthless,
most of those in the lire appeared like
furnaces when opened next morning.—
Those which were removed from the burn
ing buildings alone remained uninjur
Large quantities of merchandize arrived
by canal before the fire was extinguished;
had it come a few hours before not a dol
lar s worth would have been saved.
(ten. Jackson.—It is with exceeding
pain that, we see in several papers late
letters from the Hermitage, giving the
most unfavorable accounts of the health of
its great inmate. The old man 13 walk
ing in the valley of the shadow of death,
but his mighty heart is as high and bold
as when his glance directed the fate of but
ties. One of these letters describes him
mingling prayers for the glory and perpet
uity of his country and her institutions,
with his thanksgivings to .lie Redeemer
upon whose salvation for himself he confi
dently relies. God bless the noble old
patriot, and smooth his way to heaven.
— Vicksburg Sentinel.
An Appropriate Reply.—It will be re*
membered that the President elect, on his
way up the Ohio river, stopped lor a few
moments at Jeffersonville, to shake hands
with his friends of the “Iloosier” State.—
While cnaajied with his amiable ladv in
receiving the congratulations of the citi*
zens, a young federalist, who was in great
agony lor an opportunity to display his
conceited smartness,said to Mrs. Polk:
“Madam, it must he exceedingly tire
some to you to be obliged to take the hands
of so many of these rough farmers and me
“No, sir,” she replied; “it is to this ve
ry class of individuals 1 am indebted for
being placed in a position to have the hon
or to shake hands with them ”
It is unnecessary to add, that the respect*
able kid glove young gentleman vanished
instanter.—New Albany Dem.
The committee of Postmasters, &c., for
inspecting the samples of balances offered
for the use of the Post Office Department,
has decided that the old Roman balances
are the best adapted for the purposes, and
recommend their use in preference to any
others of the 101 samples exhibited.
Gov. Wright has vetoed a bill relative to
the canals of New York. The bill appro*
priated about two hundred thousand dol
lars, to be divided between the different
canals in the State. The legislature sus'
tnined the Governor in his veto and the bill
of course failed.
The people ofRhodc Island are liecom
ing clamorous for the liberation of Govern
or Dorr. The press is loud in its condem
nation of the Legislature for not acting up
on the matter, and meetings are held
in various parts of the state, to express
public sentiment regarding it—N. O. Jrf.
! . ■ ’ ■
Prom the Mitsistippiah.
Death of General Harris.
Gen. Wilie P. Harris, died athii're* \
sidence in Copiah, on the 28th of Itfay, i
in the 4/th year of his age. He wasajf
native of Jackson county Georgia, aqd/
emigrated to Mississippi'while it was a ter/
ritory. Possessed of a vigorous miiid and
an ardent temperament, with every Hocii]
quality to endear him as a companion, ee
soon hecafno popular, and entered the pub
lic service. He served frequently in ftie
legislature under the old constitution —
Such was his activity as a man of business*
his pleasing manners and commanding hi*
lents,That in 1832, he was called uponfo
become a candidate for'Governor of the
state. He was defeated by a combination
of circumstances which placed Gov. Scotf
in office; mid yet, at this period, he waf
universally admitted to-be the most popti.
Tar man in tlie state. Under the adminis*
tration of Gen. Jackson, Gen. Harris was
appointed Receiver of Public monies' a*
Columbus Miss. He entered upon the
duties of his station, a man of wealth, sur»
rounded bv friends, but he left it under folL
different eireumstaijces. Fortune had done!
her worst. lie could have brooked the*! *
loss^of rib lies—for lid freely surrendered*
bis all tq femove charge* agaiqs/ him, by
the government, when in his hiftirt he know
be was., guilt less; filling in this, his spirit
reeled arfd sunk undqr the stain upon a
hitherto unsullied reputation. Hard fate.
Anihoncst man—a man after God’s own
j bnnge, in all that was enobling in human
nature, his botiyaht spirit sinks under mis
fortune, and he totters to a premature
grave! Would that another and more ca
nnklo iVnn inrl vlrvrtrv iu^tion «L.
1 < “ j - - tin, VllUltlt*'
ter of an upright l#an. We arc not able to
do so. Gen. Harryj died surrounded by
bis friends; and now, that ho is no more
we mJty hope, that even party rancor will
cease to defame his reputation. lie was
buried with Masonic honors. His memo
ry—the memory of his virtues—will live
in the bosom of his friends. • <
Lockjaw.—It appears that a remedy for j
this horrible disease has at last been dis.
covered. J he Journal of Commerce re- {
cords a cure by the application of electrici
ty. The patient was a young woman, in
whom i ho disease had been brought on by ' ^
cold and fatigue, nnd the jaws had Itcen 1
closed five days. The electro galvanic
apparatus was applied to both angles of the
jaw , and had not made forty revolutions
before the complaint was entirely remo
Beautiful Extract.—‘I pity the printer,’
said I’riin, laying down the paper.
“lie’s a poor devil,” quoth my Uncle
“It is wrong” continued the Corporal—
“lliat they, to whose trying labors the
world owes so much, are so seldom rewar
ded here for ihe benefit conferred on man
“It is a d—<1 bad world,” hastiIv rejoin
ed my Uncle Toby.
“How rare it is that we see a kh prin
ter” said corporal Trim, deprccatingly.
•‘There’s another and a better world,” c»
jaculnted my Uncle Toby with solemnity.
“How often they are crueliy cheated—
and their hard earned dues withheld from
1 hern, even by those who are well able to
‘pay up1 promptl} ^—feeling pursued thq
‘•'I'lioti art a good nalured fellow,Trim'’
sai l my Uncle Toby reddening, and ner
vously twitching at the silver clasp of his
wallet. “1 see thy drift—lake this to the
printer—pay up for the last volume and,
my subscription in advance for this.—
Parson Howe.
Phosphorescent Plant.—Every wood- *
man has observed under old logs and in A
hollow rntten^slunrpe, a peculiar sort of k
vine, lookjjag^nke. dark brown strings— w*
having no leaves—adhering to the decay
wood by fibrous roots, and when broken,
showing a while color inside. This is g‘
the Phosphorensic plant, and is luminous *
at night. If taken up and transplanted in L
a proper place it makeaa curious and beau- 1
tiful ornament. It is luminous however *
only when growing.— Vicks Sen.
Another match race is to be run betwcei
Fashion and Pey Iona over the Camd<
Course, about the 27th of June. This racr
will be looked to Uy the sporting world
with nyore interest if possible than the oi
just ran.
It instated in the Sierra Leone Watch
man of the 18th February, that nearly one
half of the inhabitants of that colony are
either actively engaged or secretly interest
ed in the African slave trade.
The greatest compliment ever paid by,
one military chieftain to another, was paid 1
by Frederick the Great to Washington:—
“His hand is as an a.tmy, and his head is a
state council
* ■ J
, ' #

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