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day in September next, at 12 o’clock,
there will also be preaching at the same hour in the Academy. Mh. McLaine, one of the faculty of the Clinton, Miss., College, is spending a few days in our village—he represents that in stitution in a more flourishing condition than it has been since its first establish ment. This gentleman has preached in this place several sermons, and those who have heard him are exceedingly well pleased —he will deliver a Temperance Address in the academy in this town on Tuesday night next—wo hope to see all our friends there. Mississippi College. This Institution is located at Clinton and is now under the care of Clinton Presby tery. The first Monday in October next, will commence its seventh session, since it has been placed under the direction of the Presbytery. The trustees of this Insti tution feel much encouraged, from three years experiment, to expect much in their endeavors to build up a permanent literary Institution, inferior to none in the Southern country. The Institution is al ready furnished with a tolerably good chi mical and philosophical aparatus—and the Tiustees are determined to spare no ef forts until it is completed. Being on a location, proverbial for health; blessed with pure water—being easy of access to all portions of the coun*. try, and one, which for cheapness of living is surpassed by none in the State, those connected with the Institution have no hesitancy in saying they feci fully pre pared to give satisfaction to all who may find it1 convenient to nalmnivn Ihn In. siitution. Tuition per session of five months is In preparatory dep’t. $15 00 In classical and scientific! 20 CO Bor.rding can be had in good families covering all expenses from $8 to $!0 per month. For the Journal. Messrs. Editors: When I saw in your last paper my com munication all in print, I must acknowl edge that I experienced the most happy emotions. Indeed several times I was on the very vege of betraying my authorship by cackling around like an old hen when she has laid nn egg in her new nest. Bui J as yet the schoolmaster who lives with me j is my only confidant, and I assure yap we made quite a night of it over my Momngii hela. When I reflect how agreeable my j feelings were towards all the world, I ceme to the conclusion that if a man is satisfied ■with himself he is not apt to be very cen sorious upon others. You would have been heartily amused if you had seen how childish we two old fellows became. There lay the Journal on the table, he on one side, I on the other with the decanter and glosses convenient. Our conversation naturally turned upon the poor crazy tra veller to whom I referred in my former communication. The schoolmaster at length proposed that (as lie had never seen it( I should do him the favor of reading the manuscript which had been left with roe. Asl had never perused it thoroughly, 1 consented; and when Mr. Hawkins had composed himself to an attitude of pro found attention, by placing the forefinger of his left hand on his temple and bend ing slightly towards me, I read as fol lows : “The strong cord3 that bind men to gether in society, arc a good religion, and a good government. Oh God! Thou hast commanded me to assemble a nation in the bright land of California, give me wisdom to recommend the true religion, and the best govern ment . I have a great woik to perform, let me not do it negligently. 1 discard the prejudices imbibed from my education. I take nothing for granted, without careful investigation. On the subject of Religion three ques tions at once present themselves to the wind. i 1st. Is my system of religion desirable | in a civil society ? 2d. If so, which system? ! 3d. Peculiarized with what forms? 1 firmly believe that I, as a lawgiver, ought to recommend religion-to the nation that will shortly flourish in California and for these reasons. Man is a religious ani mal. He constantly resolves in his mind the subject of spiritual existences, of a ! future state of rewards and punishments, j and of an overruling power. Again—It is ; necessary to the safe administration of the ! laws, that the consciences' of persons tinder oath should be affected by religious mo tives and feelings. But above all other reasons, Religion especially to the afflicted offers to hope a fountain of comfo t and happiness which counterbalances the se verest misfortunes to which we are ex posed. The second question is easily answered. Who can believe that the divine Being who wept at the grave of Lazarus, was an im postor? Jesus Christ was notan impostor. An impostor is cold-blooded, lie seeks his own exaltation, he has no sympathies.— Jesus Christ raid while enduring mortal agony on the cross to his disciple John, “behold thy mother! ’ And to his mother, ‘Woman! behold thy son!” And to the thief on the cross beside him, “This day shalt thou be with me in Paradise.” Im postors do not act in this way. Would that I could say that having ad vunced thus far, hut few difficulties re mained, but in reality it is in the remaining cfuoctlon that tho main d;ffiou!ty lios. Sayc in Theology! Learned and pious doctors of Divinity! Solve this question. Among all the Christian denominations, which most effectually promotes virtue and happi ness, and diminishes vice and misery?— Alas! You disagree among yourselves ! more than I do with either of you. Thus 11 am driven to tiie exercise of my own i judginen t in the choice of a form of church government, to recommend to my people. I certainly have a considerable variety to choose from. The greatest external diffe-ence that 1 discover, consists in the observance of forms and show, by some, and the discarding of them by others with a sort of philosophical contempt. I have been amazed that the genius of this age and country would allow the little show that is retained in militnrv rKcntnv ! We have become so discriminating between form and substance, that it is a wonder that a captain can retain I113 feather and epaulettes. But in divine worship the radicalism of the times has pretty effectual ly levelled pvery thing like form. The question is, have we acted wisely? Is it in truth sound philosophy? Indeed were they in old times such fools, as we now consider them, when the priest had his gown, and bands, the church its holidays, when they had cathedrals instead of log-houses? Fcr my own part 1 think that religion ought to have solemn forms. It leaves a more enduring impression on the mind. Look at the solemnities of the Jewish religion which were prescribed by God himself. So interwoven did that sys tem become with the affections of that na tion that the poor captive carried into a strange land cries out in an a gony of ten- | deremotions “When I forget thee oh Je-, rusalem let rr.y right hard forge.t her cun i ning.” In these times though; some inqui- i sitive wretches would be peeping into the! sanctum sanctorum handling the vessels t of the altar, and enquiring by whom they were made, they would pry, handle, rea- : son, philosophize, discuss, until they! would tear down the veil of the temple— they would strip off the robes, and breast plate of the High Priest, they would catch the scape goal and teat him, and declare : his flesh was as good as any other goat— they would sneer at the festivals—they j would drink rum out of the sacred vessels of the altar—they would level every thing, divest everything of mystery and solemni ty, and tu-y with an air of selfcomplancy, “you can’t humbug us, we go for substance and not forms. In times of persecution religious enthu siasm docs not require so much the help o! external forms, but I think that when a church is at peace, we ought to have some thing that will impress awe upon the mind of the beholder. Divest religion of all mystery and all forms, and you take away one of its greatest attractions. And child ren raised up in a country where there are tio features and character (so to speak) in the ceremonies of religion do not receive thst strong and abiding impression that is never totally eradicated from tire mind'ol a person whose education has been amid awful external forms. We every day sec the ruinous effect of this radicalism in rc ligion. The priestly office is degraded and trampled in the dust. We feel very little reverence for the ministers of religion, 1’ney arc not distinguished for any tiling We criticize, and condemn without scruple, their doctrine, their style and their lan guage. You may hear a man with a sleepy yawn say, “Well I believe I will patroniz the Baptists.” Some persons have taken up the opinion that our Saviour was a sort of a democrat, that he discouraged furms and that lie vir tually recommended preaching in thcopeti air. But I cannot infer that from any thing he said. I fear we have beer, a little too smart, after all. There is much that is in tlie abstract commendable in most of the Chr istian denominations, hut I do not be lieve there is sufficient reverence felt for religion generally in the country. Among so many conflicting opinions professors of religion are too much blown about 1>y every wind ot doctrine, i herefore in California ihe following sliall lie the outline of the church which I will recommend.” Here Ihc manuscript was so blotted and interlined that I could make but little of it, and as Mr. Hawkins looked as though he wished to drink my health again, I read no more. By the way I do not wish to leave the impression that Mr. Hawkins relaxed his attention. He is a gentlcmar, every inch of him, and no gentleman will, when another is reading for Iris amusement, turn hi? attention to something o!?e. Nothing provokes me so much as that. I will re serve for another communication my politi cal essays. T. GRESNIIAT. T\j be Continue.!. From theN.O. Picayune. The Great Fire. Further particulars of the disastrous con fig ativn in A car York—number of buildings destroyed—probable lo s of life and property. The mail of yesterday brought the grat ify ing intelligence that the great conflagra tion in New York, which our previous in" tclligenee lelt still burning, had finally beet: checked, and without doing much further damage. At 9 o’clock on the morning of the 19th inst., it was still rn.< ging, and by 12 the flames were got under and the further progress of the destruction arrested. We make up our account of this fearful calamity from the different New York journals. • Tho Journal ol Commerce thus defines the limits of the ravages: “On the east side of Broadway every building from Exchange Place commen cing with the YVaverly House, to Market field street, is utterly consumed, also three or four dwellings bclmv Marketfield. The house on the corner of 1; tone and Whitehall streets remain comparatively uninjured. Thence to Broad stect Stone is the boundary. Through Broad street, from Stone to the public stores, wi'hin two or three doors of Wall street,the buil dings on both sides are all destroyed. A line drawn from the public stoics lo tjio Wjivcrly House is the limit on the north west. In Beaver street all the buildings * C on both sides are consumed, from the Bow ling Green to within five or six doors of William street. On the Y\Test side of Broadway the buildings are all destroyed, from Morris street to No. 13, occupied bv Mrs Barker, as a boarding house—this last included.” Here we might observe, on the author ity of the Commercial Advertiser, that the burnt district is the most important and valuable part of the city, being composed of large and costly buildings, filled will) expensive merchandise. The French and German merchants congregated chiefly in that district. The Journnl of Commerce says that the dry goods jobbers escaped almost entirely, but the domestic goods factors suffered se verely, and several large stocks of foreign manufacturers were destroyed. The whole loss of dry goods was perhaps two millions and a half of dollars. Among the heavi est sufferers were Bird, Gillilan &.C<>., $300,000; Reiss, Brothers &. Co., $300,' 0C0; Fearing & Hall, $350,000; Mali & Co., $200,000; Gay, Lussac &. Co., pltffc Glass, $210,000; Post, Phillips & Dale $!00,000; Richards & Cronkite, $150, 000; Itu(e!iiqJk>&. Tiffany, $100,000 B irher &. BrofflSrs, $75,000; Rhodes & •Co.,^100,000; Sergnett & Co., $150,. 000; llcnnequin, $150,000. The total amount oi'insurance is $1,215,000 in 35 American offices, and $400,000 in Furopr on the plate glass ware-house in Broad way. Among the goods destroyed by the firr M,300 bales cotton, 20,000 chests tea, 3, 000 to 4,000 hhds. and 150 boxes browi sugar, S,OG0 to 9,000 bags coffee, 601 pieces carpeting, 2,000 bbls. and 500 t. 600 hhds. molasses, 100,000 lbs. fieecr anJ pulled wool, 500 bales Smyrna wool The following says the Herald, is tin estimate made of the whole number o buildings destroyed by the fire:— Broad street, east side, 31 “ west side, 3 : New street, east side, £( “ west side, 21 Broadway, east side, 21 “ west side, f Whitehall street, S Beaver street, 4[ Marketfield street, K Slone street north side, 1 Exchange Place, south side, 13 ‘ north side, 12 South Wil iam street, west side, IS “ east side 2 261! We belive the loss in buildings arid trier chaudiso will be not less thangG,000,000. From the N.O Picayune. News from Mexico. By tho arrival yesterday of the schooner Equity, Capt. Smith, from Mutamoros, we have dates from that city to the 21st ol July. Among her passengers was Theo dore A. Malthv, one of the Texan Mier prist tiers. He was badly wounded in the bead at that desperate and sanguinary bat tle, and after lying many months in Mexi h mil Ms Ins finally reached his native i 'and in safety. A letter received by a commercial house in this city, dated on the 20th ult., state that a new tariff will shortly go into operation much lower limn tho one now existing. By this arrival we received no papers, hut verbally we learn that theie are but 3 or GOO badly fed troops in the neighborhood of Mutamoros—discontented fellows, who would run away at once if they knew where <o go. Their commander, Gen. Garcia, received an order a short time since to build a fort in the neighborhood which would afford protection to the city. He picked out a soft spot, where the digging was easy, and sethis men at work; hut it is slated that a vessel cap approach within three hundred yards without being seen and throw bombs inlo the fortification until doomsday without the risk. This thing of selecting a site for a fortress because it happens to bo easy digging, we believe to be a new wrinkle in military sci ence. Uur intormnnt stales that Gen. Paredes was at San Luis Potosi when he came thro’, and had in the neighborhood of 5000 troops with him. These were tolerably well uni formed,and the horses of the cavalry were in fair condition. After arriving at Mon lory, our informant heard that Paredes was on his march towards that place. He has always been intemperate, though a brave officer, and is said to now more addicted to liquor than ever. The traitor Seguin was at Monterey a short time since on his way toCamargo.— lie styles himself captain of tiio Bexar com pany, and probably has a number of San Antonio Mexicans under him. Seguin was on the Texan side at the battle of San Ja cinto, and for a long time was hand and glove with the Americans; but in on evil hour he deserted them, and it is said that he now bitterly repents him of his trea chery. I'iie above are all the items of the least importance we have been enabled to glean from o'ur informants. If we can believe the Mexican stories, 30,000 men are to ad vance upon the Rio Grande; but these sto lies must te taken not with grains hut pounds of allowance. We know full well thatnrnyof the more influential men in Mexico would not hesitate a moment about plunging the country in a war, with or without foreign assistance, for the sake of the opportunity it would afford to slip some of the money raised for its support into ' their own pockets; but whether these poli j tical gamblers are to prevail is a ques i tion. A few weeks or months will tell the ' story. Our National Anniversary. Independence! glorious word. There’s music in ihc sound. Independence! the 1 priceless blessing handed down to us hy patriotic hands fiotn fields* of glory, and > the Council Chambers of ’70. How the bare mention of that word thrilled the nerves and quickened the heart’s warm cuircnt as it broke upon the car of the multitude in front of the Carpenter’s Hall 1 in Philadelphia, at the dawn of the revolu tion. It was whispered in the wilderness, and llie'deep vistas and wild glens sent forth its echoes. <• It was Spoken in the desert, and solitary 1 place, and the blue distance gave back its '' murmur. It was announced in the churches, and the great congregation sang hosannas ic 1 the God of bailies and swelled iheajiilicm of the f:cc. . It was proclaimed at the head of li;e ato 1 my and the battallions we electrified. ' It was breathed upon the ocean, and 1 the seamen on the dizzy mast, the exile on bis distant shore, and the pilgrim in his lonely way heard it with wonder end shout ed it wiih'enlhusiasticjoy. The kings of the world upon their thrones guarded by hireling bayonets, sup ported by brutal ignorance and sprinkling with innocent blond, heard it and trem bled. Nations enslaved, clanked their chains in glee, and for a day, imngii&d themselves free as their fellows in the Western land, while sire and son, matron and maiden, the prisoner in his dumgeon, and tbe free man on the hills, hetrd the t'i.iutjgu »uiu, ami 1 ''c weir icci "ith hearts swelling with new emotions and eyes glistening with tears from new fountains of bliss. Well may xve keep alive the recollec tions of that day that gave to us a ^natne and a country. Well may xxe remember tlio stern vir' lues and noble deeds of the fathers and mothers of thi revolution. And xve l may xve rejoice when the sig nal gun and the matin hell break upon the stillness of the morning, and we behold from every height the beautiful banner of onr country waving bright and glorious as when it streamed above the ramparts of Yorkioxvn or the heights of Niagara.— U. S. Journal. Excessive Heat twenty Years ago. The Boston Traveller say:—“On the 12th of July— just twenty years ggo—the theinorneterat 0 in the morning was 82, and during the day it rose to 98. The heat for many successive days was very oppressive. On the the 15th July, the mercury ranged variably at ICO to 101.— On the 21st it rose to 102. Many lost ■heir lives in consequence' of the beat, ihiough excessive fatigue or imprudence in drinking cold water. Twenty-five or thirty fell victims in this city alone. Two hundred deaths occurred in the first week iu July in New York—GO more than ever before happened in any one week. Thir ty three of these died from drinkinnr m! ft water. One young woman in Salem was so much affected by the sun for a short time, that derangement ensued. A iady in New York was so overcome by the heat that she fell in the strec', and was after, wards attacked with fits whi t con: :od through the night. The !. t was eqn-!' destructive to the brute creation. A I i e number of horses in various places were lost by owners of stages; and even the fish in some of the ponds were suffocated, and died in large numbers through the intense nc.-:s of the heat. At the suggestion of the Mayor, the master workmen in the ci- j ty suspended their labor from 12 to 5 o’ j clock, for several days. The air became j so thoroughly heated as to afford no relief | from the scorching rajs of the sun The almost insufferable heat continued through the month of July; and the ravages of death inconsequence were melancholy in vari ous parts of the country. On the 24th, I twenty-five inquests were held in New Y ork over the bodies of persons who died suddenly from the effects of the heat.” Extraordinary Delusion.—A remarka ble examination of lunacy lately came bs lorc the commissioners in London and a distinguished physician of the Metropolis in the instance of a man whose case seem, cd remarkably singular, owing to the pe culiar lmlucinations under which ho was laboring. Amongst the most extraordina ry was the idea that he had got several men in his insi le, who were complete masters over him, that unless he did whatever they wished,his death would be tho conse quence. He also said that they had got fivo machines, which they set to work at one time, so that he was afraid that the violence of the motion would shatter him — - ■■ 0 to pieces. They would not allow him to move without paying an enormous sum, and for walking to this inquiry they had charged him three thousand trillions for ev ery step he took! A penchant fo’r the professions is a growing evil in this country, and the yeo manry of the land contribute much toils growth Instead of filling the offices in their gift with intelligent, strong minded men from their own ranks, nine-tenths of the official stations are occupied by pro fessional men, who, for want of something else to do, make poli ics a trade, and are 'poking to the plucking of the public goose for the means of living in comparative easo \ and idleness. Ambitious young men see that the road to political preferment is in a j professional way, and eagerly crowd the thoroughfare; and the very fact that law I &. politics go hand in hand,leads thousands to condemn, and shun the honest, honora able, and competency securing avocations of their fathers. Make intelligent, educated farmers and mechanics of your sons, would you confer a blessing on them and posterty. Beautiful Figure. Life is beautifully compared to a fountain fed by a thousand streams that perish if one bn dried. It is a silver cord twisted with a thousand strings that part assunder if one be broken. Frail and thoughtless mortals are surrounded by innumerable dangers which make it much more 3trango that they escape so long, than that they almost all perish suddenly at last. Wo are encompassed with accidents every day to crush the mouldering tenements that U'fi inKoKit TKo e.om-lj f* rl’ar»cr* o m planted in our constitution by nature — The earth and the atmospheie whenco wo draw the breath of our life are impregna ted with death—health is made to operate its own destruction. The food that nour ishes the body contains the elements of its decay; the soul that animates it by a vivi lying lire tends to wear it. out by its own action; death lurks in ambush along our piths. Notwithstanding this is the truth, so palpably confirmed by the daily exam ples before our eyes, bow little do we lay it to heart! We see our f iends and neigh bors perish around us, hut how seldom i does it occour to our thought that our kuel! 1 shall, perhaps, give the next fruitless war- ' ning to the world. The Knickerbocker fit July contains a notice of the late Thomas Ilood, and soma extracts from his latest productions abound ing in humor and wit. The following is one | of them: ‘•Mrs. Gardiner” is a widow, devoted to 'he cultivation of flowers in her door-yard garden, w ho has the peculiarity of identi fying herself with each variety. Hood, standing at the little gate, compliments her on the appearance of her carnations—to which she replies, “Ye*, I’ve a tronger hlaw than any one in the place and as to sweetness, nobody can come nigh me.— Would you like to walk in, sir, and smell me ?” Accepting ihc polite invitation, I step*' ped in through the little wicket, and in | another moment was rapturously sniffing at her stocks and the flower with the san guinary name. From the walls 1 turned on to a rose-bush, remarking that there was a very fine show of buds. “Yes, hut I want sun to make me bust. You should have seen me last June, sir, when 1 was in my full bloom. None of your wishey washy pale sorts—[this was a (ling at the white roses at the next door]— none of your provincials or pale pinks. There’s no maiden blushes about me. I’m the regular old red cabbage!” And she was right; for, after all, that hearty, glowing fragrant rose is the best of ihe species, the queen of flowers, with a ruddy embonpoint reminding one of the god; desses of Rubens. “And there’s my American creeper.— Miss Sharp pretends !o creep, but Lord bless ye!—afore ever shi: gets up to her first floor window I shall he running nllover die root ol die willa. You see I’m over the portico already.” Obituary. Died—At his residence, on Fair river, in this county on the 3lst ult., Mr. James Steen, aged 02 years. Mr. Steen was one of the oldest resi dents of this county—anil by his amiable qualities endeared himself to the whole community- By his industrious and fru gal habits, he amassed a large fortune, and raised his children ip such a manner that it will be used by them as a fund in trust —he has long been a leading member of tho Baptist church, who will, as well as the community in general, long lament his 'oss. V>:.