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The organizer. (Oxford, Miss.) 1845-18??, May 19, 1849, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87090127/1849-05-19/ed-1/seq-2/

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I to decompose lbs wood and cause all its
parti that are volatile to rise in the frm of
t steam qnd smoke, and these, under the in
fluence of heat, wilt Combine with the air
I of tha atmosphere and form net com-
I pounds which wilt ail be dispersed and osi.
If the fire is made undj a chimney, a
i rart of these volatile products will be mn.
derived by ita lower temperature, and will
u show themselves as Hack soot, while the
f aches left on the hearth will consist -of the
j eurth, tnetak, and potash, which are neither
I volatile or combustible, under the degree
I of heat made use of; and iftho soot could
ba cleanly collected or scraped from the
I chimney, its weight must be -added to the
I . ashes, and this would show the visible
I quantity of the 100 lbs. of wood that was
left behind.
Let us now suppose, that instead of con
suming our 100 lbs, of wood by burning it
on an hearth , or on an open fire, wo
jtdopl the plan that is resorted to for mak
ing charcoal for the manufacture of the
best gunpowder. In this case the 100 lbs.
of wood is put in an air-tight iron cylinder,
eel in brickwork in such a manner that we
can kindle a fire round it and make it red
hot, '. The cylinder would soon burst with
the violence of a bomb shell, unless a vent
hole was made in its tipper part, to allow
the volatile products to escape, and yet
these very products are identical with those
that arose in our former experiment, in the
form of smoke, without any appearance of
had no tuppiy, (or at least a very small one rapidly spoiled that we see the necessity
in the commencement of the operation.) -of of good and perfect ventittation or change
atmospheric air, consequently, uotwilhstand- of air in all rooms and close places, when
in that wood was kept red hot in the cy- many persons assemble, and especially if
iiuaer for. hours together, it would be in-1 that asstmblno is at night,' when lamps
capable of burnin? away. The cylinder is and candles m e necessary for producing
tnerelore allowed to cool, when it is tin- light. It the air is not constantly changed
screwed, and now all the wood can be taken a repetition of the dreadful tragedy of the
out, without .any diminution of. bulk or Black Hole at Calcutta, where one hun
change of form: for all its annual rines.ldred and twenty-three prisoners of war ex-
sap vessels, pores, and fibres will be as per- pired in one night, by being shut ti; in this
feet as ever, and yet the whole will bo found prison without ventilation, must be expec-
converted, into, perfectly bright black char- ted. " ; '
coal, and if now weighed will be found de- When we consider the age of the world
ficietit of the original weight of the wood the number of living creatures that have
used, only by the weight of the water, pyrp- existed from time to time, and the many
ligneous acid, tar, and carbu rotted hydro- lamps, candles and fires, that have been
gen that had teen extracted from it, for now consumed, each perhaps on a rough av
nothing has been allowed to escape. The erage, spoiling a gallon of air in each min-
charcoal is now braised and. soaked in lute, we are naturally led to the conclu-
warm water to dissolve out the potash or sion that our atmosphere must be much less
lie, .which can be weighed, and thus the pure now thun it was centuries ago. And
precise quantity of every element or in- vet, from chemical examination of the best
gradient that entered into the wood can be proportions of oxygen and nitrogen gases
weighed and ascertained. to support hfo and vegetation, there is eV'
. In the former experiment all these pro-jery reason to believe that (he breezes we
ducts seem to have teen lost, but we must! now enjoy, are just as pure and perfect as
not believe this to be, the case, for the samel those that were waited over the garden
things are produced, whether the wood bejof Eden, before any of these processes ol
burnt in the open air or in the iron cylinder, deterioration had commenced. Nature must
".I .I' .1 1 f .1.1 IH
wiin mis aiuorence ioai in tne iirst expert- meretore, possess some powenui sen pny
ment much of the operation is invisible, and "C by which the atmosphere has been pre
the products seem wasted in the air, while served so long. That nhyiic u the vrgtta-
in the latter they are confined and kept sub- ble kingdom. By a beautiful ordinance tf i
feet to an examination. Still, however, the our maker those things that are unneces-
eflort or violence, because they were then (air has no occasion for them, nor will it re-( sary and detrimental to animal existence,
uncoofincd. Now, instead of our vent-hole I tain them: they merely float about in it for are the necessary food and sustenance of
being left a mere hole, let us apply a a short time, and are thep precipitated, or the Vegetable world, and are greedily a fa
close pipe to it and let that pipe be coil- dropped down upon the earth again, though for bed and taken up by it (principally by
ed round hko the worm-pipe of a common n a very divided, and therefore invisible the leave) while I lie roils are searching
till, and be placed in a refrigerator or state. . , - fr what. tbje earth can furnish. This will
worm tub, filled with cold water like a Decomposition, in its chemical sens', is perhaps be better understood by ah exam
still, and the vapoi that blowj out, will the act of taking compound things asunder, p'e. I will take nn acorn weighing one
now be (to a certain extent) condensed so as to reduce them to their original simple eighth of an ounce and put it in the ground,
ana converted into a fluid form. The elements, and tins is done in two ways, viz. " a lew years I shall I mil it n tree luglj
first product that comes over, under the artificially, and naturally. .In the expe- ' 'han myself and weighing many pounds,
influence of the beat, will be the sap or riments I have just referre d to, The process in wood, sap, leaves, bark, and oilier pro
water of the wood, arid the acid before was an artificial one, being accomplished duct, of which- the wood and sap will be
held in combination with the potanh or by the application of heat, (and the prac- the moM ponderous, Irom whence has all
alkali, which being also very volatile, will j tical chemist bos many more methods of 'his matter been obtained? Admiting the
arise and combine with the water, rend- producing the same end.i the natural nxo-i 'awB f chemistry before mentioned.
cring it quite sour, and to thia will be cess is decay. All things, if left to them the tree cannot have formed its own cleW
added the resinous and oily nait of the selves, ivill perish and decay, and this is the ments, but they must have been furnished
wood, which, when cold, assumes an ap- process of decomposition adopted in the from those things in contact with the grow-
pcarance like molasses, but which is in grand laboratory oi nature. ing -piant, and these were alone the soil
fact wood-tar. They will, however, all Chemistry clearly teaches us thai the and the surrounding air. Wo shall have
distill over together, forming a dark brown elements of which all things are formed, no difficulty in accounting for the formation
Jiquor with a decided odor of wood smoke: are merely lent to them for n time, to serve f the snp and water in the wood, for that
and this fluid is crude or unpurifted I'yro- tho period pf 'their nsturnl existence, and merely a retention of some of tho hu
ligoeous acid. The quantity will be con- this being accomplished, the materials are rnidily that has fallen upon the ground as
iderable, and can now be weighed, al not wasted and thrown away, but are care- dew or rain, and a portion of that water
though it was all lost in the air by the fully restored to their parent earth, to be may be decomposed bv tho vital action of
former process, i nn very liquor, every sea again ana again in a cuain oi endless ino ireo ana converiea jjho nyarogen and
farmer end housekeeper-is r in the habit existences, and thus, when aplant or an an- oxygen, thus supplying some of the hydro-
of making, by a more round about and imal e'ics, decomposition and decay soon Sen ta ,nc wood which is necessary to
wasteful process, without being conscious follow!' Dy this, the elements are uncom- cause it to burn with flame when ignited
of it. It is in fact the condensation of the bincd and separated more prrfectly and hut carbon is the chief ingredient of all
emoke upon the bacon,' hung up in our completely than' they could le by the skill wood and of all plnnts,nnd from whence has
arnoke houses, when we burn materials for of the most profound chemist. this been derived f the eurth, if pure, con
ita production; consequently the distilled Respiration or breathing, and combnstion leiuing none of it. Dut whenever plants of
Pyroligncous acid will produce tho sune or burning afford curious instances of na- any kind have grown and died, their leaves
effect in a few hours, if we wash or anoint lural decomposition. Tho air 'of our at- and stems will full and become mixed up
our meat with this fluid, bo
a mora concentrated state. In this. 1 uxygen ani nitrogen cases, in the r
peak front experience, having aeveral portion nearly of one volumo or measure chiefly of carhop, of course 'such earth
times used it in this way. If this impure of the first to four of tho latter, without w'" contain it, and will be ready to give it
Pyroligneous acid is again carefully dis- variation in any country or location; and up to such plants as may demand it; and
iillcd at a low temperature, it can be these gases can be separated, and are then thus some of it will bo furnished, though
separated from the tar, which, thickened found to have very different properties. l'lcre littledoubt but that the largest
by boiling, is brought to-the proper con- Oxygen gas is absolutely essential to all quantiiy.pf carbon is derived from the air,
smene oi tar lor ordinary use, while "timing or comoustion, and is equally es- wnicn irom tne causes oetore rcierrea to,
the fluid that passes oQ is the strongest sential to the support and continuance hoth w'" alwuys contain much carbonic acid gas,
and best flavored vincr-ar that Is manu of animal tinu vegetable lifo; fornolivin?
faclured. creature can exist without breathing it, nor air, that it always seeks the lowest places
We shall moreover find, that all the pro- can r'anl ST0.W nntl flourish without it; on theearlh'a surface; and here it is that
ducts discharged from the wood, and which on which account our all-wise creator has vegetation is most abundant. Tho leaves
pass o(T through our pipe, are hot condens- "used it to be always present in the atmos- of plants are tho active absorbent organs
ible by cold, but assume the form of air, phere. Yet such are its stimulating powers of gases carbonic acid gas is, however, a
and will rise to the top of the distilled l'iat- breathed in a separate state, although combination of carbon, and oxygen, and
fluid, and if that air is received in a close a( fTit tho effect may be pleasing, it will this the plant absorbs, but the carbon is
or air-tight vessel, it may bo conducted oon produce fever and death. The other alone necessary for its growth and devel-
away, end may bo' saved and weighed, and aj. Nitrogen, will not support flame or opemcnl; and the vital functions of ihe
will bo found to be Carburcttcd Hydrogen animal life for a moment. A lighted candle p'"t enable it to soparate them, and to re-
das, the material now so extensively used Put "'to it, instantly goes out, and any living lain and atsimilale the carbon, while the
for lighloing up cities, public building, animal, so treated, would as suddenly die. (oxygen (being useless) is set free and re
tina private uwcwir
conducted by mcta
end will ifsue through niinulo hoi. nw.In Dorter of life and combustion. Water is y This is but a sinclc instance of Ihe
wbcrerer wo
to desist from attempting the growth, or if
we do it we must previously prepare the
land by dressing or manuring with any ma
terial that will yield and furnish the ne
cessary elements: for this in the true phil
osophy of applying manure, and-without
previous analysis, much time and money
may be thrown away without any benefi
cial result to the land. If land is deficient
in lime, it must be manured with burnt
limestone, or marie, or old mortar , rubbish, ,
or unburn: bones in a crushed state- should
it be deficient in Carbon, then fallen leaves
or decayed wood and stalks of plants will
be beneficial should, potass ho deficient,
surface burning, or wood", or hone .ashes
will be necessary and should the land
prove deficient in nitrogen, animal reluse
and stable nnnure will afford It .in the
greatest abundance, .without previous
knowledge, and analysis, we throw away
much valuable tune and mnnev in manur
ing, and instead of. doing good may do
narm we may incorporate manure with
our land that the crop will not want or re
quire, find consequently will not take up
when it is crowing, while we mav leave
out that ingredient that would have been
most important we may add lime, or ni
trogen, or any thing else to land thnt is be
fore redundant in the same material.
Many of the facts well known, but not
understood in older husbandry, are beauti
fully explained by the application of chem
istry. Thus it has long been known that
if we continue to grow the same crop year
after year upon the same land without pro
per manure, the growth will become weak
er Bnd w ill at last entirely full. In this way
much of ihe land of Northern Viginia has
been what is called trora mf, and mhde
good for nothing by consUtnt crops of tobac
co. To obviate this, another systcmias
ueen resorted to in many places, and is al
lowed to 'be highly advantageous; that is a
phange or rotation of crops, alternating
green and grain duringfour year?, and then
. !. rati . .
a years iuiiow. i ne advantages arisinc
from this modo of culture is, that different
plants lake up different kinds of food or
nourishment from Ihe soil, and by having
annual changes, that nutriment which has
perhaps been nearly exhausted in the first
yenrmay not be required or sought after
by that growing in the next year, and so
on in succession while tho vear of fallow oi
idleness, is. to allow nature to recruit the
land, whilo nothing is taken away from it.
But even thia has become unnecessary;
because chemistrv teaches us how to repair
and muniaiii the laud, (provided the ne
cessary nmeri.ils can be procured) more
eiiectuiiiy than tallowing will do it.
As all plants draw largely upon the
earth for their support, it follows from tho
principles already established, that ifthev
are allowed to grow and die upon the soil
they will on their decomposition, yield back
all tho elements they liavo taken away
from it. But experience teaches us that
they do much more. Much of tho matter
of a plant is derived from air and wnter,
and all this will be given bark in addition
to what iaderived from the soil; and hence
we obtain Bn explanation of the advnn
lage of ploughing in clover, or other crow
ing plants, or even iFie stubble of the cere
etable and animal kingdoms, and this
is actually found to take place.. Some
animals, however, feed on each other, or
are carniverous: but like man. these ani-
monsly reported by a .committee of
21 members, of whom ten vereDem
ocrnts, ten were Witigs, and one was
ft TavUr rininiuirtt unrl tVioir Ronnrt
mals prefer that animal for itsibod that has 1 ffas unRnmou,j aJopted by the mce
lived vn vegetable diet, to such as are flesh tInjr a Courier.
upon the crass or herb eater, he can have
nothing in his constitution .that did not pri
marily exist in the herbivorous animal, and
that, in like manner," can contain nothing
but what was furnished to it by the vegeta
bles upon which it lived. The appearance
of grass or of wood, and leaves and flowers
is so different from bones and and flesh, and
fat and blood, that no one would suspect
their identity of composition; but chemistry
shows us that they all consist of nearly the
same elements combined in different ways
and proportions. In the animal and vegeta
ble kingdom, the essential elements are few
in number, consisting in the former of but
four, viz.: Carbon', Hydrogen, Oxygen, and
Nitrogen ; while in the latter the same ele
ments exist, except that nitrogen is not con
stantly present. Many other elements enter
into combinations, but they are not general
like those thnt have been specified. Thus,
Sulphur is always found in fowls' eggs
cities, public building, animal, so treated, would as suddenly die. oxygen (being useless) n set Iree and r
ings, for this gas may be Not that this gas contains anything corro- turns again inti the atmosphere, thu
Lai pipes to aoy distance, sive or poisonous, but that " it is not a sup- maintaining it for ever of its original puri
ouch minulo holes, ndo porter of life and combustion. Water is ty- This is but a sinclc instance of lh
please, in the pines, and on equally innocent, and contains no poisonous many wonderful and bc; dful workings of
npproaching them wjth u lii-hicd taper, ilie I principle, but if received into the lungs, as (nature in supporting organic life and the
Iras will turn wit i a sleai v flame, far . in ilie case oi arowninjr. H prouuees death more we siuuv onu nivcsncaio mem, me
ceeding io brilliancy of iight any lamp or just a nitiogen -does, by excluding, the more we khall be conduced of the identity
andlo that can bo made; and our vinegar necessary supporter of lifo and combustion ; or similarity of animal and vegetable life,
manufactory can bo brilliantly lighted up yet when these two gases are mixed in the We are compelled to admit that plants feed
with one of the products of tho process proportion of 4 to 1, they mutually destroy or imbibe nutriment both by their roots and
which is always wasted or thrown away each other's deleterious effects and produce by ,ne'r leaves; that plants may be over
wbeo we burn wood in an open fire." .The '"ht pleasant and wba'csome pabulum, at- fod f can be starvedand that thry have
reason of this isthal all wood that will J mosphenc ar. 1 ha moment wo light a (their likes and umlikes, and that while Borne
.turn with, a fLme,'muit contain lit drocn I candle or kindle a fire, we disturb, to a cer-1 nutriments agree with and oouruh .them,
that Hydrogen is !iaengageJ when we la'n extent, the composition and purity of others have a decidedly opposite effect.
decompose the wood by heat, and is con- thal a'r r oxygen is extracted from it Tbie is no longer matter of hypothesis or
verted into Hydrogen ras, which is verv to rjpport the combustion, and nothing but supposition, but is proved by the lest o
cooiuusiibie, but burns with a pale, lambent '"O ourogen ps is icn ornina. l ne oxygen cncmicai analysis, utatinrj poion oui
flaoic. nearfr devoid of illuminatinu nowpr. docs not, however, combine wiih the fueL severs! esy processes by which not only
tnjl when Hydrogen gae is combined with J but with-its carbon, aud carbon and oxygen, jaoiia but plants also, may be analyzed, so
wtirn mixro in me proportion ot .1 ot the I'1 o expose io u not on'- ir eicmcnis
first to 2 of the latter, produce Carbonic (that enter into their composition but their
Ach gas, formerly called nied air, which proportional quantities likewise. Suppose
is jiist as obnoxious to combustion and ani-(that we so analyze a plant 'abounding in
al life as the nitrogen pis. When any- od or rosin, that plant will le found to co-
Carbon, it is called Carlurettod llycVgcu
gas, an J burns ith extreme brilliancy,
nd this combination is effected by a por
tion of the carbon of the wooj, rising in
vapor, and combining with the hydrogen sii
s it is evolved or riven" out. lTe same (thiiiy is larnt in a. limited quantity of, at
thing occurs ia every open wood fire, fJmosphcric air, that atr wrl be changed in
huming wood only blaics oa sccounl ofiislw a mixiore of nitrogen an J carbonic acid
giving out this same gas which is ig.nd.-dj
by the heat. So lone as aov l. Jre-'ci i
is;s ia the wood and is nvn mil. vir f i I .
wi! b!rc; but when it is a!! ch.jit.!,
o:!irg tut carbon or 'chveoal rcir.in,
ad ih.s wid give us a hot fire t ! r,
tut wiih'ut fume, unless InJff 1 tht? Le
e flickering Came, of a s; lend J Uua color,
l.orcripgover the fire, !itch is pruJjceJ
t y eoil -rr gas, c': d oxe ot raiU n.
ftverai rroiac'.f cf rr,;.-i-.f impo-tmce
i t-e rrgj-j-ta tyi i rn$
lata a large proportion ot hvdmren and
carbon, and if we attempt to grow such a
to a mixiore oi nitrogen nj carbonic acid I p ant upon a sou int contains neiuiar ot
gaf , ahl wi!l conscquemly be incapable of these rrecenary tlemen's, the plant cannot
nrporwn fjtore combustion or animal I00''0 them" and mut Le starred; or in
i. .i,. P.,.t-U''a ot t k a w i i
4 any c'h?r cor-"...
i 'f aal be car,.;ni,
cr'-ruses en! a
as n-
i.l.y can
.. ;t
-f c.i,l.,
K at
t mav remans &ro inn a curious sim.
I.mty as t'i th tfTcct exists in combus
tim nl tr- ;imtifo, or tht act of breath
ing: f ir nun, and every animxl larre or
sms'l tint brcairtet, diroyi theaiof the
stiDorpbert ii prrtit'r if e same manner;
a nm ani a I H'rl cib-i ere very nenrlv
eq'ial io producing th t T-ct, fr erh will
Jf!r'-v, rr si Ui tiJrr w-r fa future
ju'r, abo-.tt we gallrtfi of a'tn ,-?eric air
i i (.iic rti.rtu!e. v t Uke l!i
other word cannot thrive and come to per
fection. In l.ko mtpr.rr l:it and corn
(snd tliegraingsneraiiv)hatea hard shi
fting eatcr-ml coatorbark which 'upon an-
mt i'I be found la cnif almoot hol
ly of silex or f!mt. If, the rtfotc, ehoo!J
attempt toras3Surh plants m sJ tl.at I
Ire' J no siliciou or f inty sod in iis com
poifirfi, soch plants mut fil. The great
am. uy a lilio chain ol reasoning we find
that all such plants as make no return of
what they have borrowed, to the soil, must
be very impoverishing crops; and flix i?
ona of this descrintiun: because when rin
a ras so much heavier tha.i atmospheric lit i.nultod nn. f n,l all n,l ..rrin.t
: -1 .i : . . . ..
way and scarcely so much as a leaf is
left upon the ground. To make the flax
useful, it has to be carried to a running
stream of water, and is left in it fir some
time for tho purpose of retting or rotting,
or in other words dissolving all parts of the
plant, except the strong fibres which are
alone wanted Tor manufjeiuring thread; and
consist of little more than Lignim rr ihe
matter of wood, which being chiefly car
bon, might easily be restored to the land bv
decayed, leaves and other vegetable mat
ter. All the other materials of the flax
plant b re dissolved or suspended in the run
ing water, and this very water is found to
bo highly beneficial to any land it runs
over it indeed contains the very elements
most necessary for the reproduction of the
flix plant, with tho exception of a small
deficiency of carbon, and therefore would
be tho most suitable manure for a flax
plantation, if it could be pumped or other
wise conveyed back to tho land-that pro
duced it; and in such case, flax would jio
longer (Maintain its character of being an
impoverishing crop. Every plant that is
taken wholly from the soil ith'Mit being
allowed to make any return toil mutt be of,
this character.
The whole busines 'of Agricultural
Chemistry is therefore simply to search f v
Ihe component parts or elements efthe
plants we desire to raise, and to ascertain
if the soil, aided by water, air and light.
can furnish them. If it cannot, then we
muat supply the deflkieney of the foil by
furnishing it artificially, ia the form of ma
irure, with such materials as it stands in
need of. lhe apparatus aad materials for
making these investigations is neither cost
ly or difficult to procure, and the opera
tions themselses, will be found after a little
practice, easy end wittoa the scooe of the
ntelligsnce of ahuott every person of ordi
nary perseve rano. i
ba fr, our atirntf-tt has been directed
SMWie to vegetable productions, iJ it re
business of the I'trmrr is to raise Bnd in
proie cattle, ns s the v,r!pif utf ;!
plants; it may, (beredire, be akcJ "ho
'"!) h ural, Oierrp!rv anv tmmec ;.",
Iron in the blood of animals; Oxieen cives
.j.. i . . , . . .
aciaity to many plants; and wnen XNilrorren
and Hydrogen unite, Atnmoaia or Harts
horn is the result. This compound is not
. ..... .-
necessary to animal life, but is quite essen
tial to many vegetables,, and ahpw the
necessity of having recourse to animal man
ures in some cases, for such manures, ac
cording to circumstances, will furnish car
bon, nitrogen, and ammonia.
In fact, the study of orpanic chemistry
teaches us that we have nothing to waste;
tnatall our clothm? and food, both veceta-
ble and animal, is primitively derived from
the Earth, and must, after it has for a time
been performing the functions of Jife, be
restored to its origin again, in order thnt it
mJy be used in endless succession for the
support and maintenance of new and future
vegetable, pnd nntmal lives. The farmer,
who is a chemist, will know better how to
manage his Bread and his fomenting Li
quors., ale will preserve his yeast; ho will
.1- i i , ' .. .
conven ins woouasties una nis spare tat in
to good and useful soap; he will not allow
a bone or a shell to he thrown nwny, know
ing that in countries where Lime is scarce.
these are a valuable subsitute for it; he will
be careful not to permit rain to fall upon his
manure pile, (unless placed in a nit. a so
that none of its tcaluablo materials may be
dissolved ana run to waste; and he wil
even -save the soap suds of his house
hold washing, by throwing them on his
muck pile, or distributing them upon hi:
land, for they contain elements useful to it,
1 might proceed with other instances of ap
parently triflin? operations, by which a
knowledge of chemistry conffrs"adnnt'rfs
upon the Farmer but I have trespassed
too'lonj on vour time and natience. and
beg to thank you for the attention you
I i i
nave iivorea me witn.
I have, from the nature of tho subject.
been compelled to be general in my obscr
vationa, and were ( lo talk much loneer. 1
hould be unable to give you any particular
instructions: for they require goirw previous
nowledgo of Chemistry; It is on this ac
count lh-it in our course of Instruction on
theso points in the University of .MiYossinni
the first tr Junior s- ssion of Chemistry is
devoted to an acquirement or tba general
principles of the sciencp, while the second
or Senior year will explain the use and ap
plication of those principles to the practical
and useful purposes of lift'; and among
these, its applications to agriculture 'stand
pre-eminent, and will receive much atten
tion. It is. I can assure you, an interesting
useful, and beautiful branch of science, and
one which, 1 hope, will be fostered and en
couraged by the Agricultural Association
of Lafayette county To that Association
1 shall ever bo ready to lend a helping hand,
as Str as lies within my humble power ; for
it has my ardent wishes for its ptosperity
and success. Persevere, and relax not, my
friends, and your labors must be crowned,
with success; and 1 hope I may ho permit
ted io soo the day when this Northern Part
e k. . , , .... '
oi Mississippi, tnaruiy m (md down on
our maps which hut a few years ago was
but a lair lo the wild Indiaa. and the town
of Oxford unknown 0 yjars ago,' but
now boasiinjr its University, Schools, and
Churches,) shall become one of the prou L
est boasts of its part nt State; and with this
rucnt wish, l say fcirtwtll!
. Editor.
Printer and FhluKtr.
ostozid, r.2xM -
Saturday, May 10,1840.
Dr. Miliington's Addeess. This abla
and highly scientific paper excludes many
original and selected articles, designed for
the "Organizer" this week. We hope its
length will not prevent any one from read.
ing it; -
JOTThe Marshall County Democracy
hava nominated Qutman for Governor,
and Dabtom for Congress. ,
OrGen. Whitmoui withdraws fiom the
Canvass for Attorney Genorat.
OtrTho Hon, S, S. Prentiss, of New
Orleans, declines, on account of bad health,
to accept the invitation of iho two Literary
Societies of ihe University of Mississippi,
to deliver the Commencement Address ia
July. '
Congressional Canvass Declined.
Col.'Anderson. of Db Soto. It will
be seen by the following letter from Col.
Anderson, of De Soto county, that he de
clines to be considered an aspirant for the
Congressional nomination.' Hit letter is
appropriately short, modest, and in excellent
taste. Ho is a man of decided talents and
moral worth, and an unyielding democrat
File democracy of this district will soon find
occasion to ct T linn from his "quiet vb-
" J
Hernando, May 11, 1843.
Mr. II. F. DtLt:r- . , .
I observe in a recent numbnr of the
'OrgiaizerM a rommnuicatipn from a cor
espondent in this county, suggesting my
name in connexion with the canJidacy for
Congreas in this District Your corresnon-
ent, I have nodouht, is one of a Tew friends
who contracted "a psrtiality; and imbibed
kind feelings for me io other and very Jifll-r-
rnt excitements than such as woud probably
attend a political canvass. "That partiality
has perhaps misled him with regard to my
aspirations and desires. For the (layering
terms in which he has seen fit to make men
tion of mo, I thank him kindly, but must
ask to withdraw my name from the list of
competitors preferring quiet obscurity to
unmerited fame.
I.am your friend and oVt. s'vt.
wi. 'H ia a'l ord,aiy r
i!at it conuw4 ia t! t
It,. cr
r ;uic.i
.1 n f. a
ar cf e
r if tut sir
1 r t . rfis-'fi ttt
si v "zj
air into c r
!i;r- hr.evrr dmw in .ur breath,
'.st.d i-nf.diste'y aftrwar! xpl r
Idr've it cit aifi. Tt sir tok in
a rmitare one r (A etvr'1
rsere. u t.i sir n a ,jt e-jt imi.1, r- - - mr
lunr Mr, iVit Wyesa r.o .-,rjr :rn I i: " ' " " 1 !.e he '-fthvi
an; e e" c -"'-'" rK,,w' " wv muiart i cir
'"""' : .t. j.r. i. ., . . 1
:.T !--0 0. Mi1 ' ' " J 41 -""'i V ;
that a Ira is care;!.'! If oxtur.' v$ f,,-: -r' r '?:r t rr "J '
Now. tV. 100 bf. f --j 'cttfic- 'U ra. As ti ft wm ia cn.
a car
t .
serr't lhat t, leti laiJ tn ca to us tv
aitiifjirg Agricultural Cbemniry it, thai
tins al nauat c r tain a'l, or rn-wtof tha t -ncn!a
lHt are to en'cr iato th (ftmuni.
ti"ii the p'nt to be r-i vft h, 11 !
"To n,- r t r a t'- i
Bn"J ih9 f tut If C'r.,f-j
i -,. t: ..- it Cierfnta tr
ao j inf a t1 a -il rit ;
This Cet Qcestion.--There Is a
cordial nnd unanimous feeling in
pome parts of tlin South ott the im
portant f object of abolition encroach
meals, which, under tile circumstan
ces of the case, is surprising, end
not the less grfttifjing'. Oar-whig
brethren espouse the cause of reason
and the .Constitution with much
warmth as the Democracy, whereby
our wlug brethren ee'm to show their
repentance for having unadvisedly
giten strength to the abolitionists at!
the Iae Presidential election." This
n particularly the cise In Alabama.
The Marion (Ala.) Keyicw condemns
tbe course of some southern whigs in
respect to tho southern' members of
Congress to their constituent. The
Itcview sustains the principles, vie ws
and language of the Address, and
calls cpon the people of Alabama in
&tron term to sustain it.
A neft.n was r.eld at F tw
SpLiTTtna the DirrrnEst a. A nice
young gentleman, tft thousand
miles from here after a long and as. ,
siduous courtllip, found himself, one
bright evfnmg.tlie betrothed of a pret
ty girl," the very pink of modesty.
One night lie was about to take hit
departure, and after lingering about
the door for ome time, in. a lidget of
anxiety, declared "and protested to
Miss Nancy, that he could not and
would not leave, until she kissed him.
Of course, Mia Nancy blushed beau
tifully red, and protested in turn, that
ilie could not and would n5t do lhat.
She never had done such a ibinp, and
never would until she wai married
and now he !;ad If. The ltrrcatirn
and debate bccam de p and excitirg,
until the. betrothed built d outneht.
and declared if he coulJn't kiss bcr be
couldn't have her and was marchinr
o3. She watched him to the r,te,
and taw "the Ul was in the fire," on
lcs something was done.
"Come back, then! said khe. coax
ing, 'I'll split the difference with yon
Younay tmreze tnv hand! A. Kl
JCnick. "
wi;nii.nganirr.i inwantpur i,rPfM oun! v. Ala, on lie f:hint
' -
t-l r
h ir.
' : ' "i.
r -:
' -. r, t;
.Drill f-ri.
1 1 a.'
prtaia that I; c:aiiB at
t-l the cle-ncnta avcery to' the
in'- the s ,t;ct t ffmvince ourselves teat
it has a rv-i ir.tinwte connectioe.' "p-n
tSe feat chemical pnn-.'e before rcferd
cJlihut no eew clement ce fee produced
t r in'rorfarM int bo v thirjj f'ants can
corr'th nhirjr but ht1hsy r'me from
snl air - atimtla
' e c t crr, ' i ?t r v. H-
lie ris
ka.:1, t-l water,
1 1 e i ,--n T''!
crtion df tho
tics, a te in
I a .a
ieaa ia tne rroc
Cicrimiate'r t!.c 1 v
Vh:g firlie ::';!!
tr iy t v jj B
AtTrta Wills 'fr
Font da Lac. Vi-
bored to abn-tt ll
is of a b-at;':f 1
times & ,tt!e i"r
:.ur an J u
or as much
is dcire -1
slrrr; r,en of loth fir-!"
JiTii-i-.'s w! o tvk tic-1
t,f ikv
Cf , r-'i' tl '
are pi eaent rm v m
' ' J I rrput
-7 b--it what iv !rre f .i iht f -v. k,
;.h air, v!r -.! 3 i, a I f..-t
it earn i-r cm the aul vf-rtU a
. n .a'l'v ss lo t mn'rr I -'-jt-
m ' v a
!Le w
rs In-
1 CVs arJI' .:
vsho xci t
i a".
"-vc it
.9 cr.t
' . f - t
o i"
n t . , 1 'ct
'.. A ' '.; f r .
y ; t ' r t' -n
wcrWJ ('
1 :Hj a cl 'e fr-
acLeJ. Tl-l-re
r. b-v:
ff t rn!y er.l
y , c r wat r. - it
; ' ty-
:.'.ri wi:! sal.,
I r.t t!.- surfaee)
v. ZJ fret a
.vcr it
: - r ,
I o r
r r
,' r
Tl- CL,t Wl h
t f
z: .
la the
r .;.
a . U
rf r-
I '
i'ift or a afior ft
Ad !rrt ani I'd ! ,
'M I'rn
i flt
l ent W irwa nc'r z-.rz . r tl trm s
l?a "rht rui 'bronjH b a Ua'r-
4 '
' or, s
were Brsanr
t-i ti
as it

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