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..." . : - - u j ' . - ' . ' . j S ... J .... ,- -. v ' . ' ' i f ... J ,J I, v. r - V f . y - "7 f f I "I Tite World ii Before Tlice. Bit O.: t BANKS. " ,r 'l"hc wide woild is before ilicc , , . .J Go reel in iu blaze, , - , .xXiifei nunshine may itiUuic. Ihcoj The smile of happy days. ' ' I would mA in ihy. baoii, , r ' , One billet thought ihoiild 5-piing, . - Be like Uic trcamrcJ lissom, ; . : ' Thai wears no secret feting. . , " - Uw& very strong emotion ' ? Bhitll droop within thy bieasl, , ; .- Tfca fterce iiuttm of ocean . . "At Ia&i are lulled lo rest. ' " - ' And o'er the changed scene stealing : J A cheering beam appears; 't ' ' v So in" the wotk of feeling, ' ' ' . ' IIpe follows after ttarj. ' 4 v From the" LiUeri (Mi.ouii) Tiibuuc Late from California. LETTER FROM TliTER II. BUttNlT. Ve, arc under obligations to , Col. Doniphan for Ihc following -extract ! Irom a letter auiircsscu 10 mm uy i c tcr II. Burnett, Esq. ; r SutterV Fort, Upper California, . ....- February 1849. Col. A. V. Doniphan: J am here At this point, haSing been attracted hither by the unlimited gold region of vniiiuiui"' . .. i men arc ncre n riv inwv vrim mv i riches forced Suddenly into Uit irpock- cts. t Ihavc had 60tne opportunity, i" I ihnrnurse of in v lilo. to HluilV human I nature; but mc ucuooi ncre is upon a grander scale than you or 1 ever eaw before.- I'cihaps a few anecdotes may illosS. U iho Ktato of things, and ai- nature; but the uchool here is upon a fnnl vu some amusement.. An hon-1 est closo listed snocMB.ikcr, by the namooi cprc, came.irwn vri.gwH i r r l . I California about n year nco; After the -cold was discovercJ. he went into the mines ntwl was eoon making bis hundred dollars nday. A qutzi- c.il shrewd fellow from I'hiladelphia, met him on u y: Well, Mr.. Speo, how do you get alonrr?" , "First rate, sir. . I woula not bo n member of Congress with his eight j dollars a day, nor the resident ot the I J nit! States. I . can mako more I money. than they.'! , . , Z , "Well, Mr. kpee, 1 1 uppo?o you will 1 rnako no more ihoesv tUur thocma I ker thought himself insulted, and in dignantly replied, uiVo, not I. Let Ibosc makeh()C who-will, maheno Kwre.M Ha ia'now n merchant atid deals in goods, warts, and ihcrthan - ..'.. - I was Iscro during tho Christmas bolidd)S, and taw great numbers of young men wbo bad never , worn , a cloth coat before, with at ra-t ono thouiand dollars wr rth of Harry upon ihctn. They were almost loaded down with trinkets,! saw one fellow,drcfs. el ia a plcndid fcuit of black, over which be wore a supcib black cloth cloak; and Instead of drawing bis cloak around him to fbcltcr bim fiom the cold wind then 'Mowing! he wai Careful to let it bo unfuilcd, bke a'llag to the passing breeze, that bo might catch llc aJuiiriiig gaze'oflLc pa:r lv. Another ray U How,'. drcscd v"j. . i equally ns well, f vc tho cloak, was j atrutting up ana u-jwnTcior mc tioori cf a I.rgc tavern. In.bU tight handfr,eufuUv retired I", . . Ijo l.tll n large 1 1 siia at h' 1 1 in tcrvah he would stop and tingle Lis I.. II; as much ai to say. "Iook Lire ! this it mc."- Another d irsdy went ins Ho a tfre, nnd took out a fiae sdk kl, tiJLcr( La f, rir.Jc i.ccJ wiping 1c .n.-.ii - l r.' 1-t ' 1 ' u i v.::i f"rr,;i rojr rcl.icf, t'f." ' Oa tint's . I ! I-.- ! - r. 1 wipe ! ( r r I r"7 r- o wu'i I-- i t..-.o !jrmg last urg r.,'i Rt work in no cf. Ji f ' ry b?Q's w 4he -ctlr..' autui-...i a y. the miaes, who I.t.I L r.rrnr?. V. ! ftl.T !."rt f:t ej-osi the fair one, anJ ! r 1. 1 re f rnr, rr wLr:Vr Li had alwa ftid-rrr Ibsntulf too pocr total 'f tU f.:i rn-tt rf a fur-' J Lis c 1- " . l'(' rot Lr, -i-.r. At all cvtnts Lc !. I . -d-.y re".' -1 a-! !-,by mCan? cf Ictrr. t-i ft-i", a l'rgc Jtfr.e, under which there &i a t'T-.'t'cf several hun- !rtl c' ll rs c c t 1 1 T 1 4rC.CS, the .. IS""t 1 - ir, r:': 1 iff. i;: V, till tLa rc-fc. a I i.'X tcr n II. a If "it k, ia t i i -, t s : i - 1 t - r t ! 1 1 : J i if I r.n ty r-hr' Col. j lca tLiccgh lltxicp, aid cl bat you ne ver saw any tling like the state 6f. ailairs hero. . The Accounts you have seen of the gold region are not over colored. About $23 per day is thcamount of the. produce of one nana. i was in tho mines loriy uays and was careful to make an accurate csiirnatc. THE GOLD IS TOSI T1VELY lNEXIIAUSTIBLIit One it in deed millions, will be ta.ken out annually in tho course of two years Town lots at San Francisco are worth $10,000, for the best, nd uo title at that. , '' - Yours, &.c., . v FETEK lL liURNETT. Lawvcb AKo WiTMEas. -There is a noted criminal lawyer ahd' by, this term we mean a lawyer in a criminal court wo remember, who in almost every caso which comes under his charge, puts the following question to witness at tho closing ol his cross examination.1, - .1 , .n 'IIem! ' Witness were you ever in the Slule rnsonV ' . . Of course tho almobt invariable re pyt amidst the tistonishment of the eiiibatrasstd witness, is "No Sir." "You can step down, continues the lawyef, williout a syllable in cxpiaruv tiou, nnd! the jurymen stare at the witness' as ho moves away, while the counsel pauses, and utters an cxprcs sivc("rtAfM"ns much as to'Fay,"grn tleiiiiii ofthejury, you can juJgo of this fellow's character for veracity; I say noluin;r..i don't 1 couldn't, prove it mail i v:. vou mav dciiuvo as mucu as Vftll hf," .Oeciisionallv. however, tho learned counsel nlluded to meets With his v, i i, r.,,,1 ni U,,, cust0mer," whom he sifted a 'knotty customer," Hjoroujjy t0 il0 cn"(i ary chapter," and to wl fiHa slCn.0ypo quctj I ol his custom- whom ho put his Ivnn nnrwlion. Ahem! . v:t-.t lP;nnf .vh,-n .to lha attorney's evident sur . . t. . . . priliC lic witness rcplit J in a subdued tone "Yes, Mr I" . : Ah I I thought so continued the counsel, "1 thought so. (Jentlemen you will plcaso give your altenliuu to the witness You have been in the Sfalfl PrjsoMhcnr - "Yes, eir," "continued the other, meekly. - " ' And how king slnccl" " 'Al)Out two yenrs ago, sir. ''Two years ago,' gentlemen you will plcaso bear in mind this wit ness, now by his vountary confession, admits . ho was in the btatc rrison.V "Ycsiir-" ''His memory, as I have already U ken pains to impress upon your minds, wnt cni(n. n most rxtronneiv: and 1 you can idace as much confidence as If - .. ,i t ... vou iiiinK iirf'iu'r in n m.iu n u nui ny nbv) uas been uu jnm ttc ol the Stale Prison." low lon were yoa there, wit ncsg. . , , ."About an bour, sir.", VEh! A-Ari.MIow long "I was tbtrr.sir, about an hour,oi a visit of curiosity to examine the prison, and I very well remember see ing iuit there- ut the time, nu&took you to be a convict! 4 A-hem ijou con sl'p Jom. sir I" said the discomMcd .''"''rncy, and though tho' n!iVo uncoi. iCous rrply might almost h vo been con.-trucd in to a conlcmpf of Court, yet,' In th's casc, a tmlle jvrvadcJ. tho fac'cT juj :0 nnj iuiy, nnd the witecss "rc There, is a di position to worry and hiipprr uitnf -, altorrthcr too com mon among tl.o legal fraternity, and it it hiuh lime that thi3 evil -should lc alolishcu. TLo causo of jasl.cc and cq'iity requires this tut as tbr sn arc "matters with which lawyers have very !'u! to d find which they care far I -1 riLc'-t .-vs a ; 'u ral tL:nr V f wro it fi.d (s iirp. corrective n.' tho r: en ! crs 1 1 i cfi: . r ' I I ar, V1. . r i -7 :t' ; i r 1 " t ? c! ! r - 1 1 urn r i 1 t i ? i; r u : i ft C f - . , t I ; fri -'.I ,ii(' lfnl,v it- :' r- r.l. a ' t'.ry ).c . rf lit C ' W .' ' htT Ju'y i'cu'-rt r 11. t I f t lit- We trA-c tL - f.'r ft V I Coavcntioa wilt "see "reasons which have Jed to this resolution, and will cotneur in, the expodiencyi)! ihc.post nonemcnt. 5 - -'' ; - 1 ' , . In tho meanwhile, the efforts here and chicwhero to carry ' forward the projected movement, and to assemble a convention of imposing character and power in October, and to collect and disseminate information, will bo pushed on with unabated vigor.. Wo beg our friends every where not to ilagm their labors, but to continue, by all proper means, to assist in tho assembling and conducting of the Con vention, vvboso action may be uoped to lead to tho completion of tho most magnithcont work which uas been at lempted in the tide of time.' , By order of the Committee or Ar rangements. : . ' ' - J. T. TKliMVANl, ' ROBERTSON Torr, : JOHN TOPE, ' v LEWIS SHANKS, 1 ' HENRY G. SMITH. Memphis, June 5, 1819. ' Seiimoi Manufactuue in Enomnd. In England there are persons gen erally deposed clergymen or superan nuated schoolmasters who make a business of writing sermons for the ministers of . the . various sects, who thereby save themselves this labor, and gain timb for. huntingattending race courses, &c A good composer can command about five English shil- tngs per sermon, and tjie ltcctor can well afford this, as his living comes by tithes, out of the public. . Some ser mon makers can cam twenty or lhir- ty pounds per year by tho business. INo matter what arc tueir private doctrines or characters, be they infi dels or knaves, if they can but writo sermons conforming to the standard doctrine of tho Church, and they are tolerably well written, so as to be mad without dilhculty, they are suro to hnd clerical purchasers. Kcv. l)r. Trusler made o,uito a fortune a good many years ago by having a facsimile ofn sermon composed by him, engra ved on . coppcr-pJate from which ha took a great many Impressions and sold them all over the kingdom to clcr gymcn, who preaencu inem to tueir . a m.a -I congregations a their own. , ' The eccentric but pious Kcv. Row. land Hill tells, in his Village Dia logues, (vol. ii. 1 37.) a pretty anecdote illustrative oj" the danger of too many clergymen ' purchasing copies of tho eamc Bcrmon for deiitery. It is ns follows:"' ; " t " ' '' ; "An egregious blrrnlcr once hap penod even In the famous University of Cambridge at what' Is commonly called tho Sound church; Dr. Trusler has A notable sci moo on those word , 'Sou that yo fall not otit by the way.' And so it fell out that it was preached by ditlcrcnt -ministers in tho tame Sound church lltreo Sundays running. Tho clerk on tho fourth Sur. Jay ad monished tho preacher not to give them a fourth edition of ''See that yc fall net cut by the way," for tu at par ish was all very peaceable. , ' fuc "reply was that he had no other in his pocket, so that the popJd must hear that or nont.. Tho reader would not dispute the probability of this an- ccdoto if he knew after what sort of a fashion the churches in and cbout the neighborhood of tho English F"i" vrrsHicsare unfortunately served.,' Flviko Ma cut in. Tho New Yoi; correspondent of the rew Orleans Uul letin gives the - following ncccunt cf tho last cxLili'j'oa cf the new flying rmchinc; ' " . 'la company with'somb hundred nnd f.fiy iautrd guf-J-;, 1 r.tlcnd. I hv trv ningat tho C'ol-sk-ura a private rilil-ition of Mesrs. IVrtcr & C- john's a: riil fljing t" a model of which, sixteen Ivet in k rtb, was - far.r.s tli ralati3g ft r" "s i - : 1 f 't h"g is ccns L . ? !-"ccJrJ l yood ccrnt .'. i!n.i " !. the ct.1 r f ll. r-ic: ? i:rf t.cal ffta ;r yoi vi'.h a A g a-. 1 r arrow cf c'l 1 silk ' ' '? r' I c ?r, -. Ii ;:. ! :vr rcs"-it. I . t r.. ! riffdrsrr' ! ! f- - a ' i ) . r t'.o centre cf t!.: 1 r--; a l-i' 3 v IT tv r - I - r:.r :. rr" i. f,i c -! t l t' k r ' T . i t i : - (' - At :l r -3 I capable'of a Ixansvcrso anil horizontal motion. -j v u i - iti The alcoholic lamp" in the hold of tho boat whose heat ccncratcd the Steam necessary for the propulsion pf tho 'machine which hung in ; he air, was duly lighted, and in a. few min utcs tho etcam began to puff, the pis- ton to work, tho wheels to revolve, tho paddles to beat the air, and tbo machine to scud along at a very pret tv rate nmidthc heaitiesf cheers I ev cr listened to ch6c is. from. many a skeptic, one of which 1 am Iree to ad mi t, was your humblo 'servant: A tho machino' moved alonga pull of tho rudder with a littlo string, turned its head, like, that of "U' vessel, to tho right or left: and when tho head oil tho machine had an upward tendency a motion of another rudder up or down,'! denressed it. .Hie oailoon isuiviueu into compartments,' to obviate the de - feet of having the gas collect in one portion of it moro than in another, when either end should be a trifle the highcsUt f, .wk . . ,.. . It was. I assure vou, a very interest - injr sight, lo see a. machine at evenlster, Corwin, 4 Hudson, .Palfrey, ant height and in even; lines puffing thro the air. The next thing is to try the machine in an open space, when we shall sec. what wo shall see. Who knows but "Robjoin (the inventor,) may not be a name to associato with Iultnn And Watt in future nsrea? As I i cmarlced, in former letter, it Is j of a" week," t wo. negroes were appoin on thinrr to navicatc the iitmoynhcrc I tod 'messengers or laborers in "the of a room with a roachine six feet j State Departmenttwo in tho Treasu Jong nnd carrying a weight of four I ry Department, nnd tvoin tlo Home pounds, and another thing to navigate the atmosphere about us with a ma chine that, liko John Gilpin's horse, shall ''carry weight and rido a race." OtAu-TELEoBArii. For many years Morso, tho inventor of tho Magnetic Telegraph, struggled in darkness and obscurity, wbilo i hu endeavered, to make tho world bolicvo in bim, and tho idea ol his life. And for many yenrs he struggled - in vaini - Thore wero plenty of sagacious men, full of of sagacious men, lull ol so, who (old Mr. .Morse common sense, that he was a drcamcrf that lus idea was good but Impracticable; that he had belter givo it up at onc.c, nnd be- take himself to something in tho way of stock speculation, or try his hand atDryCoods. Morsn, having no fear of "common eensu" beforo his eyes, steadily pursued bis way, nnd now the wholo world rings with his name, uttered with the same breath with tho name of Fulton and Franklin. j We were forcibly reminded last Saturday I of tho struggles nnd success cf Morse, I while conversing with n gentleman, J the shore. A diver may, with lmpu who has discovered a means of conv I nity, plungo to a certain depth of ihe mumcatingsound even tho sound of j the human voice by efectrcity, in I the same degree that iho Telegraph now communicates written ami prin ted-lancruap-c. ThiS; discovery will enable a man in Uusto't, to hold an nctual, spoken conversation, with his friend in IN'cw Orleans. The sound, the very tones and nccounli of the voice, will bo transmitted from one f nd of Iho globe to the other by means of electricity. f Peoplo w ill talk by light- nirir. ' Instead ol scnumgor receiving a printed despatch, pcoplo will has- fen ) their rcpectivo telegraph of fices, and converse with othcrpeople', at the distance cf hundreds and Leu sands of miles. . ,Thc reader mfiy treat this state ment with incre!u' ty aad &com, but the renllcrmri wLo h.u made lhc dis covery, i re i: .k i? k Tor L's original mind, ana r.o less remarkable, for sci entific cuamrricnts cf the most pro founJcljaracter.'- Othcr&cientifte rrn- tlemcn. nficr hearing on cx hm?,on of tho d.-rovcry, have been, r. ad are fcnvinctd 'cf its ; prr.rti'c-bil.ty hnd cct-s. TLIi we-k, t'vj J. nrrer O.lice .-it ..vii:J. a; next wu.i.r, it w ill 1 e pr scntcd fur t' r cot.i kr'ii- Ce,t!gr . "lie ccal cr tl;. Icrrraph," tnriy ii r prf,ti I n jiaoihcryr-ir. c nr-t r- "V to giro lb" r. "rfl f t' cel. v- ( ' . ; ; ' i t r. e t" M, I J bear lliai .f-3 W.-.3 ; we t Ts !y .. f ' e f r in r.in J a year !. -c.ee, tl.a f.r't r ia tl.o At 1 . this I. r V I'f v 4 I, I.- ( under Mr."twig, s ;o messenger i wjjcn hity poorwLitoriicn wouiu navo been 'delighted to" receive it. lhid darL'ey 'was 'with Maj'.rVVcbster in Mexico, as a. servant, and it .was in character for "black Dan to provide for black Peter." Emboldened by the success of. their, brother nigger, two "colored ; gentlemen," as they were called; camo to .'Washington, all the - 1 way lrorn fllassachu-ictts.-HnO'spcci - Jmcoa of ."charming boy,' so ek'gant My spoken of by Mr, l'alfre of that - 1 state. ,They entered .the ante room of the Homo Department and inquirj j f d for Mr. U vying They.wcirp'dress. led in the best broad cloth, and word Marge gold chains to their watches A wag, assumed to be the ofiicial aU I tendant, and in Iho course of convert sation learned from thcn that they i were sceKins acriisnws: - unas noi 1 been ascertained' that they met with j success tho' only bar, to preference being public opinion. As they voted for Ueneral Taylor, and are his po- jticalj'nendswby not. '.'help to snare 1 the.burdens of government!;: JfWpb j such statesmen, think negroes good as I whito men, .why not provide them j withclerkships! - They ought, not to bo ashamed of their allies. - Tho truth us, these impudent riegroes 'arc em boldened to look for "loaves and fish es," from 'the . fact that in tho course I department. jnu i nave myscit seen I negroes writing in the passages of tho Uepai tments, directing t packages- while' white mn werejscrubbing the floors! It is enough to make the blood boil trj think of these things. : A whig member of Congress from Tennessee recommended ono of the negroes nam cd Warner, as one pi the most perfect gentlemen he met ..with in Washing ton, and a. senator, lcoms tho same State helped him into' otiicc. . These ftrc.afcw 0f the' manf facts 'which ,... utki, ,TAri;,r,,t I -. . . . i t ,i w -. ' Pkessubb of tub Sba, If a piece of wood which floats oh tho water, bo forced down to a great depth in the scarthc'prf ssurcrof the'sUrrounding liquid will force : it' fbfo the 'pores of tho wood, and so increase its. weight that it will, no longer bo capable of floating or rising to the,, surface. Henco tho timber of ships which have foundered in the deep part of the ocean never rises again to tho surf ice, liko those which ha've sunk 'near' to sea; but there is a limit beyond which ha cannot Iivo under, the pressure to which ho is cut joct. l or the same re.'.eo!, it is prohabh; that there ii a nth beyond eLich h .a scannotbva They accoiJiii : to Jol ,hno been caught in a depth at winch they nsu: : have lustaioed n pr sure of.ciglity tons to each riu.u'o L i cf the surface of their' bodies. ", . . , .... . ' N ty Usb'op" lJu. DV. Whi'lo-" the friends 6f '(emperanco condemn 'the "of brandy, . an J prove that itisia- juriou3 to Lcalfh tnd life, we discover thai it. is ret ommendrd f-r Ihc pur pose of keeping fish alive. Wo can not answer for tho truth of tfiQ receipt, tut publish it, in order that ti c curi ous may try its bav in . prep t lies upoa lh piscatory lnc.0; r- , - 1 , UVKi.tr 1 1 -a" Auvl. This rn.i) .trT She ; t : e i bread in brandy, an! inserting it ia- tn the gill of If. I .i w'aM yr.t it fchve, ..'iff war-.'.i prn.klicg 1H S it pre- ra w. 'c!i.; it that and, ail i e ij t ui:y pat I in j tho H a w ill kn.p .'liu1 t, a or t ;y. .asrnny t proud I; putt mia irc.u wr.ter at iLe.cri-c lime; w Len, after a f. w 1 c;;:1' i; lion.it wi-irrcovcriscrn m rrc-t: v- L t h" A I An f ' ! c r fc..i'J ef i - vrpu -'!.; ' -1 r ' g) u.aa pre-"it !. Arr.rrKt'i Arr tl t 'iugin a loud, shrill tone, it out i with!:. :;jC. v..-. . Shall I attempt, says tho narrator, to portray tho eilotl? The audience was convulsed. :' The holy man main taincd himself with becoming gravity and self possession for'a moment, and made a feeble attempt to proceed, but soon gave up in despair ' Greatest Investio "or the Acfc Tho Rochester American, alluding to Eradhh aw's Telegraphic Sewing Ma, chide; on exhibition ia that city, says: ; "0 all amazing novel, curious yan kecisra this u the greatest - It ia con trived so in;;cnuioasly ns to do the labor of eight persons in a style that will compare with that done by tho carefulcbt hands, and yet so simple as to be worked by a child, without tho slightest possible liability to get oat of order. 'A pair-of pantaloons can be made by it, ' the s button holes and the sewing on f the buttons excep ted, in thirty minutes. We havenev- er seen any work so strongly put to gether as the work of this macnine, And this is also the opinion cf many manufactures of "clothing who have borne testimony thereto." r : .; -' - "It is truly one of tho greatest labor saving machines of the age, and wo should think for good or iii, one that must work an entire revolution in tho seamstcr'a art. ' V ' " ' ' . A TvrocRArnicAt Race ! Thcro has beenconsiderablo excitement for 8omo.days past in tho typographical circles, In consequence of a proposi tion to run a race between the "fast man of tho Delta," and Mr. Tace, of tho Rullctin. They are regarded as the swiftest compositors in tho United States, Mr. Pace being equal to two ordinary compositors, and Mr. Wat Smith having set up two thousand an hour on bourgeois type. To set op ono. thousand an hour In bourgeon type, is regarded as on extraordinary feat. It is expected the proposed match will coma of to morrow. - The bet Is for- ono hundred dollars a side, the compositors in the two oHIccs having staked tho moijcy for their respecti vo lnenus. - .iho match has created an interest among our brethren of tho type, which persons cf that profession only can feel nnd understand. Asther aro both of them favorites with . us. we say "success to both sides!" and the devil tako tho pi of the hindmost. , iY.,0. Courier, .... . Hell's Life In London relates an an ecdote of a pugilist named, Shelton, who, after a day's pleasure at Ilamp-stcad,-England, gambled away bis money and clctLes at pitch and toss upon which ho tossed with his com panion to fee- which should bang him self, tho survivor to have the money and clothes, cf tho loser. Tho lot n;;ain fell upon Shelton, who actually I r? rowed sispenco to Purchase tho h utcr, and "commenced; fuHUing Lis. engagement A watchman came t?p at the moment and cut Lira d Jr which service Iho poor" fellow was knocked down by Sl.clton, in tho ex ce? cf Li indigualion for l! ciatcr ferencc. ..Ho Vvas tried for tie assault and , deservedly sentenced to tbreo monlhi' luipriscnmcrt. . t v Us. Fakiiam err ro CiurotTTi. -TLisintrrprising lady, alter all her droits, has L.kd to leave for Calif jrni with a very small number of hul.i .5 nc, companying her. The ladies of A Tier, ica aro r.iuch Icjs deposed, to cn .::v"V in a hazardous endertakin? than" t:." t? rn, and t cm disposed to '!'t well e no!.!i Blre." Fat tht vas r.-1 tha spirit of their forefathers, to v. hosi thr-y e i..i.v.h. The Allowing aro Lo failed in lla Angel- ica f.-.r (.'-:., Ka'.-r ! iy wc-. frcra Hew Yerlcoa flf ,twa ii.,.,, . i r ti ii ..'rvn r v ' t - F- x. I. late (If i i " i - ' i An- rs it f'!r r- : n . :v 11. t .4 ' I . . i .r t