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OXFORD, MISS., DECEMBER 7, 1850. NO. 2C. THE ORGANIZER. PlBUMIKP EVERY SATURDAY M'UNISO. Three TERNS. Dollars In advanee, &3 25, in three ,k :i an. in six muuui, dj j, in iniic months,' and SI 00, if not p.id li 1 the expiration of the vcar No subscription taken for less than six iiTti! and nopnper discontinued (optional with tbe Propiietors.) until allarreirsresare paid. Adtim5.ment -First insertion, for one square (ten lines or less,) SI ,00; for each subse quent insertion, 50 cents. Without instructions lo the number of insertions, advertisements will be continued, and charged accoidinRly. Articles of a personal nature, never admitted. On yearly advertisements a liberal discount -will be' made. The privilege of yearly advertis ers will be limited to their own immediate busi ness; advertisements cnt In embracing other matter, will be charged for by the square. Professional Cards not exceeding ten linos, itv serted one year for 2 An Six months, fjr " J county "levy a lax of twenty. five- per cent, upon said distributive share."' It is eq:nlly evident that this condition can not be complied with, until the apportionment be struck, and the amount of the dstribu live share be afccrtained. The integer must be known, before tho ratio can "be fixed. Having presented the obstacles in the way of this law. I leave it to the wis !om nf the Legislature In devise the corrective measures to enrry it in'o effort according to their intention . Suggesting however, the difficulty, if not impossibility, of effecting this purpose oeiore the termination ! Ihe present fisca year, I recommend that time bo ziven to the delinquent Assessor until 1851, to make the enuuiernti in of children and report Ihe n-n, and tnat ine performance ol these duties bo enforced under suitable penalties It is impossible at present to calculate All Communications, to insnrs be directed (post paid) lo the Editor. attention, must 'he effect of Ihe late reduction of tixas upon SPECIAL MESSAGE. To the Senate and House of Representa tives: In my Message nt the opening of the present Stssion, 1 promised to invite your mtiiilion lo the propi iety of some improve ments in our present Militia and 1'a'rol ine ni'ure revenue ol the State : and it is important in view of the grave subjects which now occupy ihe utiention of the Legislature, lint th Treasury should n t be exhausted by liberal appropriations an effect, likely to follow, from the operation ot the louriii section I the law, now under consideration. I therefore recommend the repeal nf that law, or at least its suspension until the effects of the present revenue iaw ba fjl'y developed. The Auditor of Public Accounts has systems, and ti ihe correction ol some defects which experience has po nied out frequently called my attention to several . r . i.i . -I j!ir..i.:..- . r -i in the school and lovee laws oi me lust practical uiiiicuiucs, growing out or me Session of tho Legislature. I wi I now briefly proceed to iM-charge that duty. In the last annml mcs-age of niv prcde censor, the atleniiin of the Legislature was called lo the nltno t ert re disorganisation of the militia system of this Suite, nttriUi. table to the cllVcts of tho law of IS13 on that subject. Accompanying thit mrs'ngo were pre scnted tho resu'ts of a conference of the Major Generals of the Fta'e, called together by my predecessor for the purpose ol con suiting nnd reputing upon tho proper inc.ins of improving our Mili'ia orgiinisa lion. 1 concur with my irdecessir in tlie opinion, thnt umter the present iiws sa effective organisation of tlie Militia is impracticable: nnd as I believe thai neither we nor any-other people, have arrived at such degree of s cial perfection as to dispense entirely with some physical frce, to sustain ihe Government, and lo enable Ihe Executive Department to cnue the laws to be respected, and execute nn I to "suppress insurrection and repel inv.i sion," I earnestly call your attention to the importance, if not nere-s ty of giving effi ciency 10 our Military organisation, vy adopting an improved system, m by amend- ; . . i j; c : A ,. , ..... tn tnui An tin ing ana in uiiy'iijj mc c ib m - 5 c o . subject. Some rlloctivc plan oi r mtK-ayin,array. ing, snJ if necessary, bring ng into act on tho united fcrce ol the citizens, is an e-S'ti. tial pait of the Government of a free Coua trj. This great arm f prolrcti n and defence, shonld be prrs.'rvcd nt nil turns conflicting provisions of the Acts of 1850. relative to the m iking and repairs of levees in tho counties of Washington. Usequena, and Itoliver, and ihe general revenue law. They involve several ques tions of importance to the interests of the Stale : 1. Whether tho lands held by tho State for texas, are embraced within the nrovisions of these laud laws 2. Whether tho power of sale for the nonpaymedt of the levee tax in those counties, is taken away by the subsequent general statute abolishing sales of land for taxes If the lands held by the State for taxes aro embraced in these laws, the entire revenue of this year on land in Washing ton county, will bo live hundred and hit y dollars, eighty s'ven cents iess than the tax on these lands; and it will require on half of the land revenue from Issaquena to pay the levee tax on the lands so held there If tha affirmative of th? secmd question be the correct construction, great embir rassment of titles must result from any sain heretofore made; and if no sale be made, and "he terms of the delinquent land law bo held to require that (he lands on which this lax is not paid shall be f incited to the State under the general law. it is more than probable that tho whole revenue of these counties will be insufficient to meet the demand for ihe levee tix. Another difliculiy ar ses out f the pro vision ol these laws, requiring tno levee tax on tho Iocat d lands ol the Siate to bo allowance thereof on their settlement of the revenue of the present fiscal year. Exfcltive Chamber. I Jacks n November 25, 1850. J. A. QUITMAM. Jackson, November 16, IS50. To his Excellency J. A. Quitman. Governor and Commander in chief of the State of Mississippi Sir: In answer to your inquiries as to whether I. as President of the Board of OHicers, convened last spring, by your predecessor. Gov. Matthews, consisting of four out of tho five M-ijor Generals of the State, desired to make any further sug gesting in regard to the organization of an Active Volunteer Miliiia Law in this 'tate I have to reply, that the outline accompa nying liov. Matthews On" the re-nssembling of the Con vention Gen. Gordon, of Va., stated hat he wns instructed by the commit tee on resolutions to report by the committee on Saturday, and had iiub stituted in place of the resolution the following: The preamble and reso lutions were then read s follows: We. the delegates assembled from a portion of the states oT this confed eracy make this exposition of the causes which have broueht us toeath er, and of the rights which the States Territories of the Union, which we were entitled to ns political equals under Ihe constitution. Our Peac has been rndangerrd by incendiary appeals. The Union instead of being considered a fraternal bond, has been dsed as the means of striking-.!: our vital intr-rets. The Admission of California, under tbe circumstances of the case con firms and unauthorized and revolu tionary seizure of public domain, and the exclusion of near half the States wc represent are entitled to under the of Ihe Confederacy from enual rights comp ict of union. therein destroys the line of 36 3 ) We have amongst us two races which was orininallv acquiesced in as marked by such distinctions of color, I a matter of compromise and Deuce. anu pnysicai ana moral qualities, as and appropriates to the Northern miles below It would he unwise at any time t- b I na;j out r ,,0 Internal Improvement fnud. tinpreparea lor emergencies hh:ii hhh "ndsngtr the peace of the Stite or the s tfety r.f i:s citizens, hoeer remote audi tnight oppcur. A concurience of the leading views of the I?ord f Officers, hi h weie convened 1y my piedecessor, and rrspert fr thtir opinions induce me In ncommetiu tneoot lines of a plan fur organizing fhe volunteer . Mdi:ia, pnsrntfd by them, to the Legis'a tme at us last Sesion. and r-!l ire l t i in be report of Major General Do flit Id if !ate November 16th lifrewiih transnntcd. . By the act of the Tth March, 19.0, to promote common school in the several counties in tho 6tte,the im f 00.000 was ' appropriated to be distributed among Jhe several c unties, in proportii n lo the number of free white ihildrf in each coonty, ver tix, suit under twenty jears t I ""d 1'7 we wioo of tlmt Act, it U made the duly f the Aul tor c f Public Acccun's toappoitH n siiJ rum among the evrral com ties arco. ding to the namlH-r of cluldiao theiem rn'itled to schualmg tiodrr the set, and to i-ue Lis warrant on the Tn auier in fiver of the several coun ties, for iheaurM due ihem risprrt rely. . To enable tbe Auditor to dec'arc such apporlioameHl, and make piyment, it is ' Beceary as a preliminary, thai the nam. ier of rbi'dren in each and every county r( this S'afe shoo Id arertaiNil. The "2nd section nf the act (Here fore, rnv id ei thai aa accural enameration of sarb chil. dref hotild be made by tka aetora of tuxes f r this yr, and irport a list of tba etui ra era! ion of tht Auditor : but no tiro , n prrsrribed wit kin whsrh these btis shall , be reprrted by the Asst-tsor, oor any pea , ally for Bfc'ect of this duiv. The Atsea- ora ofevven ounies ba'ng failed, up in when in fact there are not in tho 'I rem ury any monies of that fun I uuappropria ted. fwe Legislation harmonzing these laws and distinctly declaring the bill of the Legislature upon these subjects, is essen tial. If it remain the desire of the Leg islature that the levee tax should be paid upon the located lands of the Slate, the last mentioned difficulty can be ramoved by a direct appropriation from the Treasury for that purpose. Under the present revenuoUw. the Collector is required to meet ihe taxpay ers in the precincts at stated periods be fore the first of March, to collect their ibes hot ha is not authorised to distrain before tbe irst of March. The period from the first of March to lha first of Aprile, when all lands are to be returned, on which he cannot find personally of the owner liable to distress, is quite too shor. I therefore recommend that he be allowed to dis train alter the first of February, swd be allowed a proper f a where there may be a necessity for such distress, without neg lect on his part to give pr. per notice. or when be shall bate made a demmJ on the owner. The act of the last Session of tbe I rg islature creating important change in ihe revenue laws, did not reach some counties of this SuUo in time J enable several tax collectors lo conform strict' with its pro visions, la conseques.ee thereof many informaliiies and irregularities in the re turn tnade by them of f Ceiled lands oc curred, which compcllea tho Auditor to reject such returns, and to charge tbe tai collector with the dt firiemies growing out of sorb rejections. These were general mitlee of Miliary Affairs of tin last Ses sion of the Legislature, embody the views of the Coanl, and contain the provisions they would have recommended, had they constructed a detailed plan. Hut it hasoc. curred to mo thai thi entire project of the last session; comprised in the bill alluded to, could bt; and would bo more satisfacto. rily and perspicuously laid before the law making department of the State Govern ment, by a separation of the two importnnt topics of the plan into two bills, to it one containing the contemplated enact ments pecu'iar to the military organization ot the Volunteer Militia, and another de voted to the appropriation of the wavs and means to make that organization eff cltve and worthy of Ihe Mate. 1 he following are the e lementary prin ciples, disclosed by the last Session's hi I, and th outline, to which I referred: First. 'I o supply uniforms tn the Vol unteer Companies when formed the uni forms to belong lo the companies. Second. To t provide music for esch company, and for the care of its arms. Third. Tha adoption of such rules and regulations of tho army of the United States, as may bo suited to a Volunteer Militia organization Fourth. Tho necessity of occasional camp do y to make good sold ers. I need not enlarge upon ihese or other points in this letter. I have the honor to be. Very llespertfully, Your oli't servant, J. M. I)UI'KILM, Mm. Geo. M. M , and President of tho Board of Officers. n n K . . n I Kl AMalhlVA F t 11 . I , ' . ., I I ' . . . . annum iiinsflii i lurever forriin tripir nvinir rnrrarnpF i rstnt Aa ijiififii c . , , . wn T,' V V Jr.P"",' , y , . on term" 01 ocia an political equal- that line, and is so gross and palpa ft.. Ill I..."."- V ble a violation of tho 'principles of mi a I . itie DiacK race have been slaves justice and eaualitv as to shake our i- .i ... .. . i - irom tne earliest settlement ot our I conlidencn In any securitv to be eiven country, and our relulions of master by that majority who are now clothed ana slave nave crown up trorn that with nower tn covern thn Intnr AaslinUt loo vcnlioa . SEVENTH nV. NSHVti.t.e, Nov. I Kth. The Con vention met pursn nit to adjournment. Prayer by Uev. Ur. lidar. Gen. Gordon of a., moved that the preamble; a'id resolutions be rec ommended to the Committee. Mr. McDanniel, nf Gv, called for ihe provious question, whicli wns put, and carried without dissenl. Mr. Gordon, of Va., give noiice (hat the committee on resolutions would hold forthwith. Mr. McDanniel, of Ga., offered the following resoluiions, which were read nnd referred : time. A change in those relations must end in convulsion, and the en tire ruin of one or both races. When the constitution was adopted tins relation, ol master and slaves, as it exists was expressly recognized and guarded in that insfument. It was a great and n vital interest, involving our very existence as a separate peo ple then ns well as now. The states of this confederacy ac ceded lo that compact each one for itself, and ratified ii as slates. If the non sUveholding states, who are patties to the compact, diregard; ed i ts provisions and endanger our j binding upon (no states we'represent. destiny of this confederacy. the recent purchase of territory by Con cress from Texas, as low down as 32 deg. on the Rio Grande. also indicates that the boundaries of the stavcholding stales are fixed and our doom proscribed en far as it de pends upon the will 7of a dominant majority, and nothing now can save us from a degraded destiny but the spirit of freemen who know their rights and are resolved lo maintain them, bo the consequences whit they may. We have no rowers that are peace and existence by united and de liberate action, we have a rifilit as States, there being no common arid ter, to secede. Tho object of those who are urginir on the Federal Government in i's aggressive policy upon our domestic institutions is, beyond all doubt, fin nlly lo overthrow them, and abolish the existing relnlinn between master and tlave. We feel authorized to assert this from their own declarations liut in order to produce svem and concerted action, wo recoinmtmd tlie following resolutions, viz: hesolved, I bat we have ever rhe islied nnd do now cherish a cord nit.-irnini'iit to the Union, which til tvonsiiiution of tho United Stat created; and that to preserve ai transmit such a Union, this Conve iii i ongiiiiieu aim in now re.assei bled. I.rsoh-fJ, That the Union of tft jVegalioe. Tennessee I., -The question then recuring on the adoption of the Report of the Com mittee, it was adopted as follows: Aye. Alabama, - Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, South Carolina, and Vir ginia fl. Nay. Tennessee I. I Mr. Donelson of Tenn., moved that the vote be reconsidered Tho President derided the mo'ion out of order, as ihe State from which the mover was a" delegate had voted in the negative. Mr. Clay, of Ala., moved an ad journment Jttnc die, which was car ried; when the President pronounced tho Convention adjourned. From the Mississippian. Public Speaking ut Ihe Capitol. On Thursday evening last.'ftbe State Rights Asciation was ad dressed hv Hons. 8. J. Gholson and J. J. McRae. The character of these gentlemen for' masterly ability in treating upon their subjects of discus, sion was more than sustained. The audience was greatly interested and manifested frequent gratification by oud applause. Judge Gholson show ed the folly of the anti-constitution men who expressed so much regard for the Union, and yet were willing to dissolve it. if the fugitive slave law was repealed. This would only place us where wa have been since 1793. and yet they arc willing to dissolve it lor that reason for merely an act ot Legislature. He was satisfind that when that took place, some other excuse would ha found for sustaining the Union. All specific issues like these he condemned. As in the case Ccncrirfio.J.y.'. cm to iifnnTi'l'jnere was OfPaitcilar attention paid la slf .them. ar.d selling Cotton. . '," Aug. 31, 1?50. no!2-4mo. p.nd from tho history of events in this I Sttt s is a Union of eaml and inde country for the !at lew years. I pendent sovereignties, and th it tbe I o abolish slavery or the slave power delegated to the Federal Gov- trade in Ihe District of Columbia to ernment. can he resumed bv the regulate the sale and transfer of slaves I several States, whenever it myseem I .1 . III I . . I oeiween ine oiates to exciuuo siave,. io mem proper anj necessary holders with (heir property from the AVW;c7, That all the evils antic territoiies lo admit Laiiionm umter ipatel by the South; and which oc- Ihe circumstances ol Ihe cne we hoM rasione.l this Convention to tmM. WM. B. WALDRAtt, Wholesale & Retail lo be till parts nf the same system of measures and subordinate tn the end they have in view which is openly avowed to be, tho total oierthrow of the institution. We have no aggressive move. We stand upon the defensive. We invoke the spirit of the constitution, nnd cliim its guaranties. Our rights our inde pendence the peace and rxistenre of our families depend upon Ihe issue have b'-en realized, hv the f lilure to xtend she Misouri linn of Compro- miso to tne racilic Ocean. By the admission oi LMilorma as a Stute. Uy the organiziti .n of Territorial t.overnrnents for Utah and New Mexico, without giving ndeqmte protection to their property of the .outh. Uy the dismemberment of Tex ts. ly the abolition of the slave trade and the emancipation of slaves carried into the District of Columbia Whereas, combinations of citizens by triumphant war, vast territories. in many of tho non-slaveholding states j This has been done by the councils have assailed the rights and plundered . and the arms of all, and the benefits the property of the slaveholding and rights belong xlike and equally states, or most of the non-sl tveholding' to nil the States. 1 he Federal Gov states of this Union have by penal ' ernment is hot the common agents of enactments interdicted within their the states united, and represents tbeir imits, the enjoyment and exercise of, conjoined sovereignty over subjects iberties and rights guarantied to the matter granted and defined in the citizens of slaveholding states by the compact. Constitution if the U. States. And,j The authority it exercises OTer ell whereas, the Federal Government has , acquired territory, must in good faith. confiscated the rigMs of the citiz-n : be eiercied for the eqaal benefit of of the laveholding slates in the terri-1 nil parties. To prohibit our citizens tones acquired from Mexico, and'irom settling there wun tne most withdraw its protection from us and ! valuable part of oar property, is not -B The Federal Government has with in a few years acquired, by treaty and 1 for sale hesolved. That we earnestly recom mend lo all parties in the slavt bold this, tima to report the lits required by Uw, s ly paid by tba Us col ect rs, and a is but it lias been consequent y impels itJe tot tne Auditor to siriia tbe prp on ion 5ue each county; and it is evder.tihst so lrg as ay s rtglt couaty sWl neglect to rep nt, n? apportionment cf this fund csa le mate. Ajria, ty Ihs first u w of tba Art it is ? srsxadi.ion prectdtat to tba psyment tf ibe distributive bre aDotted to esch cwiaiy, iJut th Bosrd J To he of jrk jwstica to the ta that tbey should bare an eprwtsmity of remuneration for these ad raaces. 1 laerefrs recommend that tbe several tax collectors, bebyUwau hor- zed, with tfctir returns of rieit jear (if ma) mi IM snannar proscribed by law, to embrsct lb taxes tba year 140 re maiaiag uncollected by tbam at tbe time of their regwUr reiura; scd to teceirs instead of being a sinelj lor our rights, haa become a sword for our destruction: lit it, therelore Jlesolvrd, That this Convention sol emnly invokes the soverereign states of which they are citizens, to whom liter owe allegiance and have a right to claim protection, lo supply means deemed by them wisct and best, that protection for their rights of persons nd pTopett', denied and subverted by the Federal authority anj the noo- alaveholding states Be it further ricsdwd. That the Convention res pectfully recommend to the alave baldin estates to assemble in Congress or Convention, at such lime and place as may be agreed upon among them selves, in ordor to concoct nnd adipt measures adequate and ample to se cure to their citizens the full exercise and enjoynscnt of all their rights and liberties. Mr. Jones, of Ga, moved that the Convention takt a recess of half an boar; which wai adopteJ. only degrading to ns as equals, but violate our highest consiilutiooal rights. Restrictions andprohibitions against the alaveholding Slates it would ap pear, are to he the fixed and settled policy of the Government and those States that arc hereafter to be admit ted into tbe Federal Union from their extensive territories will but confirm i and increa'e tbe power cf the majori ty: and be knows little of history who cannot read oar destiny in the fature if we fail to do oar duty now, as free people. Wa hive been narrated and in sulted by those who ought lo have Ven our brethren in their constant agitation of a eubjoct vital to us and the peace of our families. We hata been outraged by their gross misrep resentations of our moral a ad tocial habita, and by the manner ia which they have deaouncd as before the worlJ. We have had our property enticed ofT and the means of recov ery denied ui by our co Jtstrs in the fng Mates, to refuse to go into or countenance any National Convert lion, whose object may be ( no mi nate candidates for the Presidency and Vice Presidency of the United States under any party denomination whatever, until our constitutional rights are secured. Weiohxd. That in view of these ag gressions, and ol those threatened and impending, we earnestly recommend to tbe slaveholding States, to meet in a Congress or Convention, to be held nt such time and place as the States deiring to be represented, may designate, to be composed of double the nnmber of their Senators and Representatives in the Congress ol the United States, entrusted with full power and authority to deliberate and act with the view nnd intenttsm of arresting farther aggression, aad if pos-ibl of restoring the Constitu tional rights of tbe South, and if riot to provide for in the future safely and independence. licsotved. That, the PresiJent ol this Convention be requested tn fee ward copies of the foregoing pream ble and resolutions to the Governors of each of tbe slaveholding' Slates of the Union, to be laid before i heir respective Legislators at their ear liest assembling Mr. Gordjn, of Va., movrd the ! pre v ions question, an J on a cill of tbe Slates the following was the result: AfirtMlie; Alafcams, Florida. Georr, Mississippi, Soath Carolina and Virginia G. pose. Hon. J, J. McRae look an interest ing and extended view of the past. He clearly pointed out the impossibil ity of exintintr together as United States, with ihe unbridled power of Congress, always ready lo subveit the constitution, when she felt that it would n Id to her political power to do so. ' He showed the Snennsislency of Southern members permitting Con'. grc lo purchase a large territory from Texas, which must most cer tainly become a free State, while they made no attempt to adopt a similar propo-ition for tht purchase of Ca!i fotnia South of 38 deg. 30 min. al though asserting as was the caso with Senator Poole, that California must become a slave country. Their cry is that the question is settled and Ihe South must submit. How can this be, when tbey admit the right of Congress to purchase the territory of a Slate. Mr. McRae only gtve this instance to sho v the inconsistency of the Hnti-constiCution men, according to their own admission v i Thee speechei ; will, we trust, bo published. !?,...:.-. On Friday evening, R. T, Arcner. eq , of Claiborne, delivered a short but sensible speech. He was follow ed by Hon. (J. S. Tarpley, who' made some hnef and spirited remarks.' Un fcatuday evcing, Hon. Patrick W. Tompkins addressed . the- State Righti Association, in a speech oc cupying two bours and abalf in its livery. It was one among the ablest e (Torts we have yet listened to. He presented the subject" ef Nerihern hostility to our slave institutions in a forcible light. lie drew is vivid pic ture from the history of the past and from bis own observation at tba North oi the determioed and relentless will ' to put down slavery. Ma also res. viewed the bill passed through Con gress to scute our tliKicaruei ami showed that tbe South tad) lost every. taing. tie warmly approved of the Governors message and ia favor of a Convention. The speech ef Mr. Tompkins was received with most unbounded applause. U was a Pow erful argorneat on behalf of eor con stitutional rights. lie denied emphat Jolly that ' the issae was union or disunion. He was a Union man. but it was for the Union with the eensti- itioa. He bad no further isfsrest in the Union when the spirit cf that in strument was d-ad. This speech must be pjMislifd Its ' effect upon public opinion must be powerful.