i H ' -r-'r c'a -t -r- - , ,
' ' " r .. i T. ... - "T"'' "" 7-7.-77 , , --.71-1" ,uiWf,
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' ' 'i"TT"ii.i.r " 1 T';" .' " 1 ' i '. 1 1-. - . 1 ' " ' ' ' : ' '
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" " TBRMST x '
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Letter of Don. JauiM Buchanan.
Tha follawinj extracts are taken
from a letter recently written by Hon.
JftnleV Buchanan, late Secretary of
State, in answer to an invitation to
attetid a Public meeting held in Phil
erlelphta, on the 2 1st ult. Although
not agreeing with Air. liucrjannn in
All the views contained in his letter,
we believe he drnws an honest an
faithful picture of the slavery ngi(a
lion. ' "
The aigni of the limes tire truly porten
1'iUg. Whilst many in the Soylh openly
advocate the cause of secession and disun
ion, a largo . majority, as I firmly believe,
still fondly clmg to the Union, awaiting
with dep anxiety the action of tho North
on ihe Compromise lately effected in Con-
greM. "Should thli he disregarded and
nullified by the cltrr.m of the North, the
Southren peojde tony becme united and
then farewell to our blessed Union. I am
fio alarmist; but a brave and wis man
uokt danger tea!y in the facw. 'l'bi is
the best meant ofa voiding it. . 1 am deeply
irnpreised - with ' tho conviction Uial the
North neither (nilficienlly understandi nor
npprcciHies iuo Ganger, r or my own pari
1 have heen steadily watching its aproarh
tor the last mteen yi ars. uuring that pe
riod I hare oftea sounded the alarm; but
my fee Ida warnings have been disregard
ed. ' I now solemnly declare, as the de
liberate conviction of my judgement, that
two things are neeesary to preserve this
t'nion from tho most imminent danger!
1. Agitation in the North on the sub
joct of Southern slavery must bo rebuktd
and put down by a ttrong, energetic, and
enlightened public opinion.
The iugitive slave law mu t bo ex
ecuted in its 1 tier and in its spirit.
On each of these points I shall offer a
Those are greatly mistaken who sup.
poe that the tentpest which is now raging
in the South has been rained solely by the
acts or emissions ot the present Congress.
Tie minds of the Southern poop la have
been gradually prepared for this explosion
by tha events of the last fifieon years.
Much and devotedly as tlisr love the union
many of them are now, taught lo believe
that the peace of their own firesides, and
the security of their iimniies, cannot be
preserved without separation from . usj
The crusade of the fcl plilionisU against
meir d'-mesiic peace anu frcuruy cotnmen
ced In 1833. General Jackson In his an'
nual message to t'ongress, in December
of that year. spvakV of -it in the follow
Ins? emphatic language; "I must also
invite your attention to the painful excite,
meat produced ia ta fcSoulh by attempts to
circulate through the mails, inflamatory
appeals, addressed Id the psaiiuns of the
slaves in prints an4 vari ous sorts of pub.
lictlioaa ,calculftlei to, ttintulalo them to
insvirrectiori, and produce ail the honors of 1
servile war. , ' - u ; . .
from . that period the, aitaion in the
North against Southern slavery has ben
incessant, by means of thn Press, ofSti-.te
Legiilatures, Stale and County Con-en
tions, Abolition lectures,' and every othr
method1 which fBa,ic anfl demsjropiet
eould dsvise. The time of t?orfress hai
Vr4 wetted in rioSiat fctrrangws on the
subject of slavery. Inflammatory appeals
Ware been seat Conk froasriblscsnfral point
Uriightiut the ceMry,'hn , inevitable
effect oi which has len to create go.
graphical parties, so much, dresuied by the
the r ather ot bis uoumryao to estrange
.1 . ,1 c .M(Uni ,i . ; , : . . 1
the Northern and Southern diriiious of ihe
Union from each o'.Ler. . ,
Before the Wilmot proviso was imer
rord, the abc'it'mn of tlavery lo the D.s-
trict Column laJ been" the chief
theme of agitation. Petitions tr the pur
pose, hj thousand, from men, women and
children, rourrd into CTos?es session
Jer sron.' Th Hcfcts ena wishes ofl
k ewrs of tlavst wiUiia the District
wtre boldly disregarded. Slavery was
donoaactd as national sin ecd eaiional
! grac, wlska the laws f G.d and the
lscf man ought to abolish, cost what it
ibi'V " j'f
d not to the fanatics
that th ah
slavery in tho District
would con?o:,vY.nto a citadel in. the midst
of two wlaveWding States, from which the
abolitionists c;r.ld securely scatter arrows,
Grebrantis and death, all-around.! It mat
tered no;, to them that the abolition of
slavery in the District would be a violation
of the 'hU of tlm consiiluli ,n anj viVii
fiinia, btcause tlie whole world knows that
those States would never have ceded it to
the Union, had they imagined it could ever
be converted by Congress into a place from
w hich their domestic peace and eecurity
might be assailed by fmatics and aboli
tionists. Nay, the abolitionists went even
still further. They agitated tor the pur
pose of abolishing slavery in the forts,
arsenal and navy yards, which the South
ern States had ceded to the Union, under
the consiitution, for the protection and de
fence of tho country.
Thus stood the question when tho Wil.
mot froviio was interposed, to add fuel to
the flame, and to excite (ho Southern people
I M. rfW. '. ffWWWWISlHf
2. I shall now proceed lo present to
jr'ju .luiiio views upon .me ruujf-ci ot me
much misrepresented fugitive slave law.
It is now evident bom all the signs of the
times, that this is destined to become the
principle subject of agiuiion at tho next
session of Congress, and to lake ihn place
of the . Willmot Proviso. Its total repeal
or it's material modification will hencefor
ward be the battle cry of the agitators of
And what Is the character of this law?
It was passed to carry into execution a plain
clear, and mandatory provision of the Con
stitution, requiring that the fugitive slaves,
who fly from service in one State to another
shall be delivered up to their masters.
This provision is so explicit that he whe
runs may read. No commentary can pre
sent it in a stronger light than the plain
words of the Constitution. It is a well
known historical fact, that without this
provision, the Constitution itself could
never have existed, flaw coidd this have
heen.odierwile?. Is' it possible for a mo
ment b1tJteve that the slave Slates would
have form f a union with ih free State.
across ii.o t t unurv which separates them
would acquire aU the rights of freemen?
This Would have bnento olTdr an irresisti
ble temptation to all the slaves of the South
to precipitate (hiuo!ves upon North. The
federal constitution, therefore, recognises
in the clearest and most emphatic terms,
tho property in slaves, and protects this
property by prohibiting any St -te into which
a slavd 'might escape from discharging bun
trom shivery, and by requiring that that he
shall lie delivered up to his master
But; say the agitators, the fugitive slave
law, framed for the purpose of carrying in
to euect an exprtss provision of the con
stitu'.ion.u itstsif unconstitutional. 1 shall
not t stop to argue such point at length,
deeming this to be wholly unnecessary.
1 fee law, in every one of its essential pro
visions, is the very same law which was
passed ia February, 1793, by a Congress,
many of whoso members bad come Ircsa
from the convention which framed the fed
eral constitution, and was approved by the
rather ' of bis Country. If tins be so, it
may be asked whence the necessity of
passing ' the present law? V by not rest
upon- tiie Act of 1.93? 1 his question is
easily answered. 1 ha Act of 1793 had
entrusted it ewn execution notoalytetbe
Judges of the Circuit and District Courts
of the United States, hut to all Slate mag
istrates of any county, city, or town cor
porate. The decision of the Supreme Court of
tlie United Slates m Hie case of Tig g r$.
the Cntninonweakh of Pennsylvania, de
prived these Stata mug strales of ihe power
if acting under the law. What was the
concauncet Lei us tak the Sua'.e if
Pennsylvania for 'an 'eiample. There
ere but three individtmls left in the whole
State . who coutd judicially execute the
protons of the Act of 1793 tho Circuit
Judge and the two district Judges. Two
of iheo Judges reide in Phi'adelphia, and
one of them t Pi.t-birg. a distance of
more thin three hundred miles spirt. It is
minifcd, thcrf fore, that the law in many,
indeed in n.o-t c se, cou'd not hvo been
executed for wsot of offi -ers near at hand.
It thus becimft absolutrly necesary for
Congress to provide Uni;eJ States otneers
lo take thi place of ths Slt msgis'rates
who hid bcn supersede.!. Without this a
constitutions! right woul i hsve exi'teJ i'.h
on adequate mern of er f rci - -j it. The
fugitive s'ave bill ssrai i chieSy to
remedr this defrct, and to su'. j?:. Jute such
officers lai'.eaj tf the Stat
4 under the
whote rorers hai teen c 1'!
It is wor.hy 0 rernirV, l.it severs! cf o ;r
ti'trV f m l'j.j;a,.uress.'i'.g t!.emt res of
tho t- n of !. Sjprene G'wrt, and
!'' J; iff xc.'.CTer.t ty ire 8 j-UIimi
of tt Wi'mut i'rji'isa, pifj ! i-r;-o.
s c2c" 'Ut'esta tL (Xecuiijo cd lb r r-v
t .$' r-f !'.Corn;';;;,iiii tt.?T'rf-
tien cf I-?"'-" slaves. I ?n -'rr, try
sorry, tt u' llit rensrjlrii it ..-. -j
'- - - - 1 1 ' in . 1 ii.iM 1 1 1 1 1 .1,., . .11 i. nn ' - r
XFOSlB, -..MISS., DECEMBER. 14, :
denied fojt !
and the i. r
Rv our act of 3d March.
!se of our public jails ia
" Jt custi dy il the fugitive
, i shall (.ffdnd sgainst this
f rived of hi office, and is
punish a a heavv fine and a din
qfialilicat- "1 everaain to hold a similar
4). j"-rrj I oljectiiins 'itrtred
..Mniyjmvw l.iw sre," that it
will promote kidnapping ; and that it does
not provide a trial by jury for the fugitive
in tbe btite ti which he has escaped.
The very same reason may be urged,
with equal force against tlie A t of 17U3 ;
aod yet it eiisted for mi-re tlariIi;i It' a
century without encountering ony such
The defeat of tho Wiltrot proviso, and
the pa-sige of the fugitive sUvc
law. are all that the Sou h havo obtained
by the compromise. They ns-lc for the
Missouri compromise, wliicli it is kuoin
that for ouo I was always willing to con
cede, believing tliH would b'.ith i hcisi'iuhi.
equiiablH, ittid satisfactoiy rrangetiiPiit f
tlie territorial queniiou bntein the North
and 1I10 South. Ji;it linn hn p is-eu hwhv.
Colitorniii l as been ndnrttutl us a Mito
into the Uni n, with a po-i ive prolnlit 0:1
of.i!av;ry i-i her c mstiunioii ; and v!!ct;iei
the Mexican law aboliKbing fldvery is !o:c
or not in the remainder of our tei iitor.ii!
acquis tioiiri, does any mm believe that
slavery will ever prevail among the Mor-
uinns in Utali, or among the inhubitiiiits of
j4he snow.rla I
lulls and mountain vallevs
of New Mexico? Besides, the f hive trad.'
litis been abolished in the District of Col
umbiii. Whit then of the compromise
practically leunins for the Suuth but the
fugitive slave law, iasd to carry out n
clenr cons! itutional provi-ion? It is the
only compensation which thev have receiv
ed for whut ihey believe to be' the great
injuiies they have susUined. Will iliey
then patiently sulunit to have this law ic-
pttnl-d, essentially modilied, r nullified
liefore i'8 pussare, the co.istitut on had b".
Come, in regaid to fugitive hlivcs, almost
a deal letter.
It is a notoiims fact, that ullnlong 1I10
border which scpaniu- tho free from the
slave Stites, every facility k nfTnlnl
for, tho tsapoLxjtluvefc from tlicii- masvces.
If tbey coold pn?s tho lino, th'ir salety
was almost t ert in . They wcro c ireoly
ever, in the I-mguigo -f the ccn ti'utioti.
'(Icbvetp.l up on tlie clim of thi; j 1 rt y t
which s.k Ii service or libor miy bo d te
In mnny inst mee the master or b' ngnt
who pursued ibein was insu'ted, a sm te l,
beaten mil imprisoned ; and few men
could bo f Mind bold enough to inc r the
hnzmd of s ich a daiiL'rous uudertakii s-
In this nmiiner the southern people were
annually d prived of their p oprriy, guir
Lnntecd to them by the constiiu'ioti, 10 the
nmo ini 01 iitinureug huo iii' ih uhis 01 cot.
l ars. The e institution wm nullified, Mid
this law was passed for the protection tl
their constitutional rights! Let tlie voire
which speaks in tones ol thunder from the
unitrd South answer this question. Thev
will at lat, I trust and believe, submit to nil
the provisions of the comprm:so, provided
the figilive sltve Ia l fait liful'y execu
ted in the North, but they 10 no further.
All the resolutions even to the Union meei-
ings in the South speak IMS language.
Future aggressions must ceiso or the Un.
ion will be in imminent danger.
Let us then resolve to put down agit ilion
at the North on the slave question, by the
force of enlightened public opinion, and
fditbfully execute the provisions of the
fugitive slave law. Should this be done, it
will eventuilly extinguish thus geograph
ical parties so dangerous to the Unio.i
ndso much dreaded by the Father of his
Countrv which have sprunff into exist
ence : it
w ill ameliorate ihe conditio of
the slave, by ensllmir their innsters to
remove tbe resections impoM-d upon them
in self defence, since the coiimenceioent ol
the present trout.les, and will restore the
natural an 1 consul jticnal progress of eman
cipation which ha, In several Slate, tee
arretted I y tSe violence ol auo tiomsts. ;
T he Uhi n canRot long enume. 11 it re
bound, tori'ihor only by piper boo . U
can be firmiy cemenfei alone I y Ihe nfiec
tions of the j po;!e of tlw iilTcreiit S'stet
Cor each oi her. VVojIJ 10 Heaven lhat the
spirit f muiiml f xbrarance snJ broi'ici!)
lore which pr. ' J at its birth cou'd once
more be restore1! lie's the Itnd !
A FaKr.oiL CrTt. A wealthy Friend
Qtukrr of New Cedford, writes to the
Cbmlotype, wl.c in-iircd of hirn, whether
fafttiv ilut m d L s.1 ia tbat fit):
! 1 ro;. ta be a leoiler OiJ hM to
th 'higher law. G 4 helping I mean lo
Uy that. If r .r'nlsloPgUig'oo
l.kely' hf -e, r 3 u r.a is cacgry we "in
feed bi-n, if rslieJ cloth hi'n. He will be
K-re. W e bars sIkhjI stven cunareo
f,. ffiiives here in this city, and they are
rvj cit.7tn, afil here we intend ihey shall
,i,T, r'nM cojese! 11 oi-bed, bot
shs'il sufTer fnt .1 irrrimest t ay
rtrr,t rt;Ler it in- 'Iw iht Uw U bt esr
f-j if t T c n ti!lstt.l
f ovtersal uioer
from the MisMssippian.
EFFECTS OF SECESSION.
'A a political economist antt'.siatesman, he
ttne uovernor 1 ougtu to show betor" be recom
mends or suggests to Mississippi, as' one of the'
aotrriowaA S3t.itni llnrjtmnr i . I nAanKl&
.,,ti.U uiuiVJ. 'l Wlllj.. mill pcuCTHUlQ KXCT"
sion," lhat the safety, value and productiveness of
slave property win De at least equal alter seces
sion, to what they are how," Flag of Ike Union.
r. Cpiyl Governor Quitmabiur.n,fc
eu asiae irom tne clear, una concise
exposition of wrongs to be redressed,
legitimate to the character of an Exec
utive Message, and indulged himself
in an essay upon the conservative
powers of a government of united
interests, we do not know any one
who would have moro heartily entered
upon the task, or who could have bet
ter tmccd the vast berefitsto be confer
red upon Mississippi by secession. His
graphic pen would quickly have dis
pelled the woe and gloom and sense
loss chimeras, which submission to
wrong has conjured up in the imag
inations of the Federal Unionist1.
Governor Quitman had another tnsk
to perform, and how well h has sus
tained himself wo shall leave to the
liberal criticisms of our own and
sinter SU(e-) to decide.
No country on the face of the earth
possesses more of the elements of
prosperity than our own sunny .South.
It is wrong to suppose that a dissolu
tion of the Union could be attended
with any destruction of our interests,
or jeopardise our peace and tranquil
ity. Let us look around and see the
bountiful resources at our cointn.td.
Our crop of cotton tho p:tst season
will amount to at least three hundred
thousand hales, and that is a failure.
In a good season we may noon realize
double the amount. Cut this year
will realisa to our cotton planters
ahout fixteen millions of dollars.
How much of this large amount now
goes to ihe northern manufacturer?
V shall mako a slight estimate.
The State Auditor's report for laid,
givers the following items :.
Amount of. merchandise so'd by regu
Merchanfl'.-e sold at
It is fair to sar that at least six mil
lions of the above goes into the pocket
of northern men. .Now lar.rp por
tion of this amount would be spent in
our State, or nt least in a Southern
Confederncy if one were fortnedj be
cause even a revenuo taral upon
merchandise, say of twenty per rrnt ,
would force tho northern capitalist
either to transfer his investment to
the South or cause his place to bo
supplied by the manufacturer of Cng
nd. A duty ot SO per cent., wouu
etfoclually exclude northern tmnu-.
Irtcturers, and there could bo no hope
left them but to invest their capital
in southern manufactures
We annually consume one million
dollars of domestics. AH this could
be manufactured in Mississippi.
Here, then would be room for a prof
itable investment. e are now re
alioine twenty per cent, profit upon
this manufacture. Establish a laritf
of twenty percent, and ihe induce
ment to manufacture will be greatly
Dut there are other article pur
chased from the north which would
afford l.ibor for our own mechanic.
The Auditor's report for 1849 shows
lhat there are
4Wi earriajtes tn Misssippi, valued at 567!,70u
74 W watche. wi nh-
l-J.Hid clucks, wontt
HUtf pilots iur)
Ooirl and itver ptate -
Here is over million and a quar
ter of dollars, which under a revenue
tariff of twenty per cent., might go
into the pockets of our own mechan
ics. Neatly tb whole of the above
amount is now enriching the northern
We only rtfer to these items te
cause we have some oSicial data con
cerning them. TUre is no doubt that
the figures fa.ll far btlow tbe actual
value. -. .
There are other tnechtc&I pur
sells which would receive a great
itspulse. The cabinet raaVer is
scarcely known at a trade in Missis
sipp'u rsoit tf our furniture btiog
purchased at the oorth. It it estima
ted that at least 3)0,000 is acno:iv
spent at the North for fu mil ore bro t
into our State. This raoart would
plve employment to six litindreJ me
chanics, and S"ord a fine iscorne to
It is estimated that the boots and
shoes imported from the North exceed
a million 6fdollars annually. These
can all be made by negro labor, and
would give employment to three
thousand negroes at an annual profit
to their 'owner of three hundred dollart
the iWiiu would, under a tfyili upon
the northern article, yield n revenue
to our mechanics of about five hun
dred thousand dollars per an n urn. ;
Iron now lying iti the. bosom of our
hills and valleys would ho mined and
sent into market. A revenue daty
of twenty per Cent, would be all-sufficient
to induce laboring men and cap
italists to scud tlie iron ore of Ala
bama, Georgia, South Carolina and
Mississippi, into market.
The city of Natchez, Vicksborg,
and other towns on the Mississippi,
would become great importing depots
of European merchandise, for the
supply of the State, and our low
duties would tempt thousand of wes
tern merchants to lay in their sup
plies tit the-e cities. A low fynteniof
dut u s wo irJ reduce Ibe corit of con";
sumption in Mississippi twenty per
cent , and consequently give lhat
grent advantage to the cotton planter
over other southern State?.
We have plenty of idlo capital. In
lSly,according to the auditor's report,
there were ,y 'i,432,000 dollars at inter
est. 1 he whole of this sum would
be; immediately put into circulation,
Our citizens would withdraw their
moneys now invested in northern
Statt s. Tlie wholu of tho moneyed
meani of the. South nre at once con
centrated upon the development of
our rc-ourcei when a tarilf upon
northern riianufactures is established.
The sixteen millions of dollars receiv
ed 'annually from our cotton, instead
of building up northern mechanics.
i'i.viu!cUirers and merchants, would
the ' tu a great extent be distributed
hi L&iiie--. WcjojuM s&o.every whro
tlniving villages, and a large class of
comfortable farmers. In the eastern
p.irt of this State, owing to the fine
water roursrs, many large manulao
toi ies would be established, and with
them would come markets for all
kinds of MOficultural produce.
We see these facts, and we might
trace mueh further the effects of se
ces-ion upon our home labor, that so
far as the pecuniary interests 01 toe
manses nro concerned, we nave noth
ing to npprehend from parting with
the free soil portion of the coofedera-
In any other point of view we
might discuss this question, and show
the extreme folly of imagining thtil
tho people have anything to fear,
should they, in justice to themselves,
he compelled to separate from the
North. Would the North fight us?
Never, never! She would do so, if
she could find sympathy with a large
body of citizens in enr Southern
States never without; but this could
not occur, because whatever course
Mississippi and other southern Slates
take, it must be sanctioned by the
people in ibeir fevereign capacity, and
hence even men opposed to secession
will never fake up arms apamst their
own State after it once declares in
favor of tecession. We can therefore
have few traitors, should the' southern
States determine upon secession.
New York correspondence of the Southern Tress.
New York, Nov. 15, 1850.
The reaction is now a manifest
thinp. The compromise of Mr. Cly,
Mr. C i!, Mr. Webster, Mr. Fillmore,
and Gen, Fnnfr. lh men vvh sltiud
out on the fooiboarj of the omnibus
to fall up the pasAnners Mtide
op sir only twelve inside Mr. CI iy
is a sdfe driver, sir." From'Mr. Clay
down to Gen. Foote, North and South,
there has been an awful breaking up
of the crockery ware of tho Tn sidnt-
Oar northern elections hav "in
scribed vpon their banner, In'c arae
ters to legible to be misan.'e rs'ooJ,"
lie uotto of "Repeal the fo-itive Iiw
tbe Frovi Lr New JItiico and
L't abc'llion cf Slavery in the
Uilti't no n're Sve Statrs no
more annr Xitio; c f l ic territories
ro coonivfince 11
sver in tie St .tf s "
TL rcc.u on?' .t to ';:
est sooths fn c'ou;b f .;e, v
ttrr prr cf t r. Ncrthv , '
Serr. ozr, ' I f tr.n Castle '. eo
meei.r.-, was i..f t .. ej who ic cn
cf the trios ui conservatism cl tli.
NO. : '!37.
ence to the laws as they . are. It de
stroyed himit elected Hunt, whila,
the Democratic State ticket, otherw
wise, is successful by majorities rang
ing from one to seven thousand. Free
soil and abolition did it.. They hard p
the Legislature they have the State. "
on mucn for Mr. Fillmore aad Mr-;
W ",--vTi 1.
i.uw is Mas'saclidseltt Never,
has there been such a triumph of abo-s-lition
in this country as that of Horace
Mann over Daniel Webster. Call
you 'this "the law aod Constitutrori
abiding Alas-achusetts? The "higher
law' of abolition is supreme. Very
llffrt p.nneTflatiori arid hnrmonv.' Look
- - . - w . - .
6'it for a particularly offensive assault
upon ; the outn at tne opening vt
Congress. This much for Mr. Web
ster. , - ., . t . f t ' r
Abplition rides it rough-shod ovet
Michigan. Gen. Cass was kind e
no'ugh to dodge the fugitive slave bilty
but. he wa .proved to have encour.
aged Mr. Buell, of the House, to go
it. Mr. Buell is down, and Freesoil
runs in Michigan. So much for.Gen
CaS. -: ':' ' ' , ,; '
' ' Delaware Is acconftted ' sort of
slave State. Mr, Waleg voted, in tha
Senate, for- some of the compromise
bills, lie is condemned, although
almost as good a northern man as
Seward. ' He is too much southern
even for Delaware, and he and Clay
ton are laid over among the wrecks
of the adjustment. Beautiful harmo-
y! delightfjl concordf most ira
ternal spirit of concilialion, how it
Illinois, Iowa, and Wisconsin tell
the Pttne' storyl No compromise
with tha hunters no concession to'
slavery no quarter to foul-sellers
Ot the fOUtn! pietruiui oausiaciory.
no doubt, to Gen. Foote, and SanrV ,
!Tonton but if Ilenrv Cdav doe R0t .
plead guilty of deception or ilelusioB -
atioeomingses8iOB,ne wiiuairsnort v
of nublto expectation-- -. 1 -
- The-TArTuTfoS Snow," as th' tas -scnger
in the boot of the omnibus..
The tariff was to be the fthare ot
Tennsylvauia and New Jersey in the
compromises. They , have not been
rewarded as yet, with those desirable"
increased bounties in tbe way of pro
tection. They know they roust havei
some southern votes to get them
llenr.M tha trinmoh of the compromis
es in the late Nvf Jersy and Pennsyl- ,
vania elections. Let the coming sea- j
son close without doing something for
1 1 I 1
the iron business, ana yoa win near
different music front tho", keystone
State. . '. I
What is the Soutb. about?, TVe see
that some wise 'facesw propose that
if Congress pass tha ten million , bill
nrr ncrnin. or admit another State in 1
the same ray that California was ad
mitted, it must be reststeu. -A.nocic
me down asain." said the'reace man, I
and I will regard it as an insult. We
look with anxiety to Nashville. It is
time there was some definite southern
platform laid down something upon
which to stand and' to rally. Ihl
bnrkin? out from one "position to an
other, as the North advances. U worse
than an unconditional surrender. Tbe
North is' in for the extermination of
slavery. Mercy, says the South. ' ' 1 t-
Jenny Lind is still the lioness, tho
the Italian, I'arodi, is winning golden
opinion at each representation, at the
Opera IIoue. Stocks are up cotton
is up, and there is a very general im-'
pression that ' tbe South is too weak
to reit, and ought to have the privi-
ler-A to bluster: that the Cmon can
stand anthing, and that the prosperity
oC-N'ew lorkis foutulea upon th
Imneii.-haMn bafis of tbe' commercial
centre of from thirty to forty States.
Uence every thing in Iew lorK City
goes on presperoukly, while the inte
ferment, of whirh even
South 'Carolina Walsiance affords buf
a weaS comparis6n. : ' ' f
It is time that : the South should"
proreed to.det ermine upon an uncon
d tioil surrender, or a spirited rtsis.
lance to meet the avalanch of Aboli
tion. wbicU w-.U pour down cpoo U wltbr
Ola Ball, tie uolini.t wto created
such an rxcite ment, a fewyear ago,
in W cfiuntrj, rave, lately a concert
st Christians in Sweden and t!f intea
t oa was to prcree 1 to ConsUatinopIo
I"-''. , tbrp'Js'i Finland and Ro,
sr.! ttfri i.t the largest cities of
A; s - J T,zyX it w&s tbuught to b
fosi.l ' be m'-hteua vitHllr
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