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GOOD APPLE BUITER
Snitzing Party Period Is Now a Thing of the Past. Modern Methods of Manufacture Have Robbed Pennsylvania Farmers of Delightful Frolics Held in the Fall. Garfield, Pa.-During September and! October of each year all roads in Berks county lead to the cider and apple butter mills, for this is the sea son when everybody has more ap ples that he needs for winter use. There is no farming community in Berks county today that does not have its community cider mill, where farm ers can take their apples in the morn ing and return with the cider a few hours later, but there are only two Jr three places in this great agrt -ultural county where the farmer can so speedily turn his fruit into nice, fresh apple butter. Marvelous as it appears to grand mother, who used to sit in the old 'armbouse kitchen with her little Bar low knife, peeling the rinds off the red cheeked apples. paring them next morning in the barrel-sized copper kettle to be cooked into apple butter, It still appears more marvelous to the mother of twenty-five years ago, to whom the apple butter party was 'the time of the year." She can hardly realize today that those good old times are passing away. "What a change!" says mother. "Today we pick the apples; tomorrow father starts for the cider mill at 6 o'clock. The apples are shoveled into a griding machine, ground into pom ace sad shoveled to one of the latest style hydraulic presses, from which the ulice is extracted in a very few minutes, ready for the apple butter cooking, under the same roof. The cider is then cooked and boiled in large barrel-shaped receptacles, the steam running through copper coils that nicely fit in barrels. The sweet apples the farmer just brings along from the tree, and there Is no snitzsing party on the farm be forehand. They are brought entire, and are first nicely washed, then placed in a barrel, cooked by steam until they form a thin, mushy paste. Then they are placed in a copper sievelike instrument, over which is operated a rubber lever which sep arates the skin from the apples, cores and seeds, so nothing but pure apple juice goes into the apple butter. This nicely sieved pulp and the boiling cider are placed together in another barrel, the spices are added, and with in forty-five minutes the steam that' runs through another set of copper coils will have accomplished the trick and the apple butter will be ready to pour Into the farmer's milk cans or crocks in which he usually hauls it bhome. The first apple butter cooking fac tory in Berks county was Installed by ex-County Treasurer David W. Mo gel and today he and his son, John F. Mogel, make cider and cook apple butter four days each week for the farmers of the community, and each Saturday cook it for themselves, to sell to other folks. When the farmer gets his apples turned into cider he pays only a cent a gallon. For apple butter he pays fifteen cents extra per STUMPS MOVED VERY CHEAP Charpit Method of Taking Out Tree Roots on Cleared Land Prov ing Successful. Cheballs, Wash.--Cehalis is just now the center of an interesting ex periment In land clearing. Recently through the offices of Secretary Mer rell, of the Chekalis Citizens' club, an arrangement made with Harry Thompson of the United States de partment of agriculture, with head quarters at Seattle, and Prof. H. W. Sparks, farm demonstrator of the state college, to conduct some experi ments with the charpit process of burning out stumps on loggedoff lands. The work has just been com pleted at the farm of Henry Duper tuls, near Chehalls. One hundred fir stumps, from two to four feet in diameter, were kept burning in this test, an accurate sa count was kept of labor. Stumps were completely destroyed, and roots burned out at an average cost of 60 cents per stump. This voluntary work of the Citisens' club of Chehalis will, it is hoped, prove of great value to western Wash ington and Oregon, as it establishes the value of the charpit burning meth od of clearing logged-off lands. The process works most efectively on clay soil. The method has two valuable fee tures. First, it can be successfully conducted without the high-priced skilled labor required for the blasting powder and donkey engine process. Boys from fourteen to sixteen years of age can do the work thoroughly. FAVOR YANKEE FIZZY WA TER Twenty August Visitors Line Up at Soda Fountain Like Little School Children. New York.-Frederick H. Mills, financial director of the international prison commission, is showing New York to the foreign delegates, the British. Austrian, German. South American. Italian and Chinese prison experts who are going to Washington to attend the first international prison congres ever held in the United States. Today Mr. Mills wondered what new thing he could lead them to. They had seen the tall buildings, the art museum, the subway, the parka and the flaUros, but they still cray e novelty. Struck by an idea he guided a party of tO, Including Sir Uvelyn Ruggles. Briee, of the British home omce; Dr. Van Engelberg, of the German minis. try of Justice: Charle Ddlo., of the ministry of justice of Belgium, anad Victor Almqulet. chief of the division e the ministry oe justice Sweden, MEMORIAL OF HISTORI C TREATY InOpop Avono a T I DTos C " per. wig a al oSiaýV Ta~ITv @I 1 IW LOOMIGTON .-The ct zen of Edgar coeunty linois, have erect ed and soon will unveil a mcsonument to mark the spot on which was made one of the most important of American treaties, that made with Chief Pontiac of the Ottawas in 1765. By this agreement the Indians transferred their allegiaance from the French to the Englisho and the latter the reat Lakes and down the Mississippi to its mouth. Thoe making ot the treaty thus wde one o the most momentous events in American co-treaties that made with Chlonial Pontiac story. the Ottwas in 166. B this agreement the ndians aequired the vast territory that stretched from New York westward along the Great Lakes and down the Mossiesppi to its mouth. Ths making of the treaty thus was one of the most momentous events in American co lonial history. I gallon. and, while it takes four gal lons of cider for a gallon of apple butter, the only outlay in cash is the nineteen cents'a gallon, except what he pays for the spices. For every barrel of cider he needs two bushels of nice sweet apples. The ordinary cooking for a family consists of two barrels of cider and four bushels ot apples, and the result is twenty gal lons of apple butter. If the farmer preferred to sell the apple butter he can realize from sixty cents to one dollar a gallon-twice as much as he could get for the apple butter that was made during the "snitzing party" period. The Mogels Ihave made as high as 88.000 gallons of cider and 4.000 gallons of apple butter in a season. The high mark for one day was 123 barrels of cider and 240 gallons of apple butter. Dur ing the busy season they work day and night. COULDN'T MISS HIS TRAIN "Kind" Friends Make Sure That Jer S sy Man Awakens in Time to Catch Train. New York.-Anxious to take the 4 :35 train from Washington. N. J., Thomas James decided to sleep over night in the store where he is a clerk and be awakened by an alarm clock. The other clerks decided to have fun with him. At 1 a. m. James was awakened by a loud ringing. There was the clock ticking peacefully by his side, with the alarm hand pointing three hours ahead. He found the source of the sound under a large pan. He stopped it and went to sleep. Fif teen minutes afterward he was re awakened similarly. Another clock was under another pan. The per formance was repeated three times more. Then James decided to aban don the place to the alarm clocks. He walked the streets until train time. Then, it leaves highly fertilized seed beds for grasses, grains, berries or* other fruits, whereas blasting tears holes in the ground and lifts the hard pan to the surface. Photographs taken on the farm of Mr. Dupertuis, where he has hereto fore used the charpit process, show that wherever a stump was burned out there was invariably a heavier growth of grain or grass than on ad joining ground. Fruit trees planted over such a spot showed an unusual growth as compared with others. Mr. Thompson's report will be is sued later by the United States de partment of agriculture. "Consclence Fund" Grows. New York.-The "conscience fund" at the custom house, known officially as "duties from unknown hands," has been increased by the receipt of $15 in Canadian notes. They came in an entelope postmarked Victoria, B. C., with an unsigned letter reading: "When entering the United States awhile ago, I did not pay duty on some things." The custom house ordinarily does not accept Canadian money, but has made an exception in this case. Lovers' Lanes in Parks. Kansas City, Kan.-The Rev. Sam nel Garvin, pastor of the First Presby terlan church in this city, thinks that "lovers' lanes" are a necessary part of the park system of a city. He says that these shad? walks are of no harm and that they should be provided in the city parks. to a big iee cream parlor In Broad war near the Herald Square hoteL Mr. Mills seated them along the counter, then he said to the soda fountain attendant: "Make twenty ice-cream sodas, vanilla flavor." "Trust me," he added to the dele gates,. "they will not harm you. It is one of our principal American lux ures. 8tir gently and eat with the spoon." The dignified prison congress folk went at the soda gingerly at first, but they froze to the mixture and told Mr. Mills that they Intended to try it again. They had never partaken of an Ictee cream soda and they were positive that the experience would re main as one of their pleasantest In New York. There is a German delegate at the Hotel Plaza who set out to taste all dishes on the menu card that were new to him.. At present he is dieting under doctor's orders. "He mixed things too much," said Mr. Mills. BAN ON UNMARRIED WOMEN Tufts' President Says Middle-Aged Spinsters Should Be Banished as College Teachers. Medford, Mass.-Presldent Fred erick W. Hamilton of Tufts college has come out with the positive as sertion that unmarried woman teach erd should be barred from girls' col leges because their influence is harm ful. He says: "I do not believe that young girls who are Just passing into young wom anhood are in the proper environment when they are continually brought in to close personal touch with elderly unmarried women. "The larger proportion of women's colleges are in the hands of woman teachers, however, and the education al atmosphere of the places is fem inine, the peculiar type of feminity developed by highly cultured, middle aged unmarried women. Now, while the type may be very fine individual ly, it is not the proper one to create the atmosphere for girls at the for mative period of their lives. "Girls Just coming into womanhood are receiving their most valuable Im pressions and their future attitude to ward the questions of this time. Their outlook on life, which I believe is the most important part of the college training, should be broad, and it can not be so unless formed in an en vironment of breadth. "In the lower grades of the schools, too, and in preparatory schools the influence of the unmarried, middle aged woman is counteracted by the dominating influence of the home. I believe that an element of married teachers, widows, who were teachers before marriage, perhaps, would be beneficial. The relationship of these schools and their pupils is different, however, because the pupils live at home. The girls at college live a purely academic life. They are on their resources and they face prob lems that are quite new to them. They are to be trained to become competent and important parts of life, we hope. They need a large out look and a broad viewpoint. The elements which go to give these must be brought into their lives at this psychological time, and all elements that tend toward narrowness should be eliminated." TEACH BRIDES COOKING ART McKeesport School Board In New Up lift Movement-Young Women Enter Night Classes. Pittsburg.-The spirit of the uplift in this city is now directed toward women and their housekeeping abil Itles. The action of the domestic science committee of the schools in McKeesport the other night in estab lishing classes in cooking for prospec tive brides is expected to result in an increase in patrimonial ventures. The committee, on application of a number of mothers with eligible daughters, announces the cooking de partment of the schools will be thrown open for night classes for young wom en, who will pay 25 cents for ten les sons. Almost simultaneously in Pitts burg a number of women organized the housekeepers' club to carry out a plan to solve the servant girl question. A committee was appointed to devise ways and means to get good servant girls and keep them after they are captured. Human Life Chemical Feat? Vienna.-Mexico's consul in Trieste reports that Prof. Herrera, a Mexican scientist, has succeeded in forming a human embryo by chemical combine tion. MAYFLOWER MASCOT IS LOST Mrs. Roosevelt's Gift to Crew of President's Yacht Is Missing, but Not as Deserter. New York.-There Is sorrow on board the U. 8. 8. Mayflower, known as the president's yacht, which is be inl overhauled at the Brooklyn navy yard. Spike, the Mayflower's mascot, is missing, and it is feared that either he has been stolen or has met some evil companions. He has not yet over stayed his shore leave to the point where he can be termed a deserter, but the master at arms will take him tin chae wherever he is found. Spike is the bulldog presented to the crew by Mrs. Roosevelt. He is rated the ship's champion swimmer and is entitled to medals for life say tin. On two occasions he saved the lives of men who fell overboard. In a notice sent out by the erew offering a reward for his return. Spike is described as being "all bulldog weight about fifty pounds, heed about seventeen inches above the ground He is black sad white and has eon' black ear." DoINGS Uncle Sam Has New Ward in Liberia JASHINOTON.-An obscure chap ter, it has long lain unread in American annals, in spite of the in terest that surrounds it. But now that the United States has come to take an active hand in the govern ment of Liberia, it is natural that the founding of that old half-American. halt African-negro state should attract our interest. Founded back In 1820 as a home for the freed slaves from this country, Liberia became a repub lic in 1847. Today its population num bers some 60,000 Liberians along the coast, while 2,000,000 negroes run wild in the interior. No white man can ac quire citizenship or own property. By an arrangement with bankers in this country, France and Germany and with the approval of Liberia and the European powers, a loan of $2,000,000 is to be floated by our government to the end of setting straight Liberian finances and assisting the country to establish itself upon a firmer basis. The United States will have control of the little state's financial, military and agricultural departments and will administer the republic's relations. The popular accounts of the found ing of Liberia credit the achievement somewhat vaguely to the American Colonization society, of which Henry Clay was president. There is a less Soldier of Fortune May Lose Rights NEVER ' S ACHiAICEI 4CAI4 SF Capt. Jorge Nelken Y. Wald berg. erstwhile of Argentina, pre tended American, typical soldier of fortune and one of the few men who ever succeeded in selling a gold brick to one of the nation's most prominent men, does not return to Washington within the next sixty days, be is likely to lose his alleged American citizen ship and be denied the protection of the.American flag. Captain Waldberg flourished in Washington 12 years ago, during the Spanlsh-American war, and a few years later, at the Pan-American expo sition. The captain came to Wash ington with a long military record. Having been born in Argentina, he has lived in half dospn 8outh American countries and been engaged In as many revolutions in the cause of lib erty. Exiled, when unsuccessful, he dropped into New York one day and organized a company of Greek fruit venders, whom he took to Athens, joined the Greek army and fought it the Graeco-Turklsh war. All that he got out of that contest was a little military glory and a wife. He married a very beautiful daughter Puzzlers for the New Customs Court Ip A HEN is not a bird, why is a pair of rubber boots an article of woolen wearing apparel? Funny ques tion, is it not? There are many oth ers, but this one Is enough to show how Uncle Sam is puzzled at times to properly classify imported articles so that the correct rate of customs du ties may be levied and collected. In the above case, it is simply because the highest customs authority of the land held that as the boots had linings in which there was an appreciable quantity of wool they should bear the rate prescribed for woolen apparel. That same highest authority decided that frogs' legs are dutiable as poul try. The customs court, a new judicial body that is just getting down to busi nees at Wuhington, already has many cases that will cause the public to laugh. One of the first questions for it to decide is whether the hen is a bird. Ornithologists would unhesitat ingly declare she is, but the new court is not composed of such men. Eh? What is the odds? Wait a min ute, and you will see how it concerns every housekeeper. If the court can Credit Due Foreign Health Officers 00s EW r realise to what extnt the welltre of this nation iM pre served by the splendid service of the medical forces which are stationed at all the danger ports abroad to pm vent the Introduction of plagues and pestilenes tnto this country through shipping agencies. This force of pub. lie health omeers I well equipped. Moreover, tn all places the work of thes trained experts Is further sup plemented by the efforts of the con sular omcers. In places that are too small to support a trained force, but are quite large enough to transmit dis ease by emigration, the consular eQ cers do splendid work unaided. The stringent laws of quarantita known chapter of that perilous enter prise which attributes the martyrdom of a life in this effort to open a new world to the slaves to Rev. Samuel Bacon, an American minister of the Episcopal church. By act of congress, on March 3, 1819, the president was empowered to create an agency in Africa for the purpose of providing an asylum for such Africans as should be liberated by our ships of war from vessels seised for violation of the law sup pressing the tramc in slaves. The government decided to send out the ship of war Cyane and the trans port Elizabeth with mechanics and la borers under two agents for the pur pose of breaking ground for the re ception of liberated slaves. On Janu ary 8. 1820, having previously been in the service of the colonization society. Bacon received from President Mon roe the commission making him the head of the proposed expedition. Thirty-nine families, comprehending 89 families made up the company. Great dlmculty was experienced in finding not only a place of settlement, but even one of debarkation. A species of Alican fever appeared among the membtrs of the little band of settlers. Soon 25 of the party were brought down with it. Breaking un der the labors he had assumed Bacon presently discovered symptoms of the malady in himself. The remedies administered were of no avail and he died. Bankson and others of the party survived. The founding of the colony went forward. But on the sacrifice of Bacon's life Liberia was built. of a professor in the University of Athens and returned to America in time to take up newspaper work at the outbreak of the Spanish-American war. He was able to speak several lan guages fluently, and especially Span bsh. There was a great demand for news from Cuba, and the genius of Nelken led him to make translations from Spanish and Cruan newspapers, for which he found ready market with the Washington correspondents. His success prompted him to "fake" when his news sources became exhausted. One of these "fakes" was a dispatch which he put forth all over the coun try, telling in most dramatic manner of the attempted assassination of Gen eral Blanco, who was then governor general of Cuba, and which caused a great deal of excitement at the time. Not long ago the captain turned up in Constantinople and became involved in some trouble there which prompted him to demand the protection of the the American flag. He presented his case at the embassy, and in endear oring to establish the fact that he was a naturalised American citizen, some disclosures came to light regarding his papers which led the American charge to refer the matter to the state de partment. The department in turn made in quiry at the district court, with the re sult that an order was issued requlring him to show cause within sixty days why his papers should not be can celed. be Induced to decide that the hen is a bird, down will go the price of eggs, for the present tariff bar makes every importer of edible eggs pay five cents a dozen for all he brings into the country. Bird's eggs are on the free list. Another puzzssling question is wheth er hen's eggs that have been broken up shall be taxed as eggs or albumen. Chemically, the mess ready for the making of omelets is albumen, but if the- court holds that they should take the albumen duty it is feared every importer will see to it that every imported egg is smashed before it gets to the custom house. The crack. er trust would doubtless be pleased to have such a decision made. Is half a duck, imported from China two years ago, and still used as an exhibit in the courts, a bit of pre served meat or dressed poultryT The government insists it is the former and the Chinese importer insists that it is not. Another nut to crack: Is an auto mobile a household effect? Patriotic Americans returning from motoring in Europe will be pleased to have the court say it is. Under such a deci sloa they could take over with them a few real household goods, set up light housekeeping for a while, buy a French automobile, and then return to this country and do it all for less than the amount of duty on a high priced automobile made in Europe. and the penalties which attach, to all attempts to evade them put effective repressive weapons into the hands of these omc4i so that no attempts are made to escape from compulsory com pliance and securlng a clean bill of health at the point'of departure and ports of call. A vessel that starts from a port with no appearanse d to fections diseases among her crew or passengers, and which is again sub Jected to rigorous examination on her arrival at say American port, stands little chance of bringin any infected passengers past the several Inspector. As there is no way of measuring what might happen If this force were not employed, its members do not al ways receive the full mount at credit to which their unremitting care and attention entitle them. They stand among the many preventive forces which the country utilises to sate guard the people and to whom the debt of the nation Is greater than the publie is Into the habit aof kaeowledg In&. WRONG IN THAT DIAGNOSIS Physiolan's Method May Have Boun All Right, but Here He was at Fault We are told that the latest sensa tion in the medical world is the asser tion of a doctor that he is able, by looking into a patient's eye, to make an accurate diagnosis of the complaint which the patient is suffering. But is this really as novel as it is supposed to be? 1 recollect hearing some time ago of a doctor who said to a patient who was under examination: "I can see by the appearance of your right eye what is the matter with you. You are suffering from 'liver.'" "My right eye?" asked the patient. "Yes," returned the doctor. "It shows me plainly that your liver is out of order." "Excuse me, doctor," said the pa tient, apologetically. "My right eye's a glass one." Lovemaking and Practioe. The only way to become an expert at lovemaking is to practice. This was the information handed out to a handful of hearers by the Hindu phil osopher, Sakharam Ganesh Pandit, in a lecture on "The Science of Love." "Love is a divine discontent,' aid the philosopher, "and if you want to arouse love in others it can be done only by giving them love. How to develop the emotion of love in another., is the great question of today-the art of making love. It needs a great deal of study and a great deal of prac tice." Same Old Point. Jack-I went gunning in the coun try one day last week. Tom-Bag anything? Jack-Nothing but my trousers. A catalogue of vices never led any one into virtue. MUNYON'S EMINENT DOCTORS AT YOUR SERVICE We sweep away all doctor's charges. We put the best medical within everybody's reach. We encourage everyone who ails or he ails to find out exactly what his state of health is. You can I remedies here, at your drug store, or not at all, as you prefer; tbeR positively no charge for examination. Professor Munyon has p specifics for nearly every disease, which are sent prepaid on receipt price, and sold by all druggists. Send to-day for a copy of our medical examination blank and to Health, which we will mail you promptly, and if you will anms, the questions, returning blank to us, our doctors will carefully diagma your case and advise you fully, without a penny charge. Address Munyon's Doctors, Munyon's Laboratories, 53d & J Streets, Philadelphia, Pa. SShaking ! Aching!! shivering!!! / Quivering! t murderous. It kills the vital powers. To cure malaria you must do more than stop th - S shaking and aching. You must ease and put back into the body the strength and vigor that dim ease has destroyed. OXIDINE -a bottle proves does this so quickly and surely that it stands alone among malaria medicines as a perfect cure. It drives out Chills and Fever, and then begins its tonic action rebuilding and revitalizing the entire system. The tonic body-building properties of OXIDINE make it the most effectual of all remedies for dis orders of Liver, Kidneys, Stomach and Bowels when these organ, are failing in their functios. If you want to cure malaria, get OXIDINE. If you are weak, get OXIDINE and be strong. 5Oc. At Your Drugrists PATTON-WORSHAM DRUG CO.. Ntrs.. DaOa.' Tes ho7.sls. Is ahi g Priz ea _____SAR_ wilibe paid o wlnnes of ths does each part nwogh? Iooo io give for thee asares go at weight of each piece; the whole one shoulder. one whole side with one ham with hoof. $5.00 will be bir the second bet*gles and $2.oo for the third best Thirty-two s.oo for the next thirty-two gueses A valu able book on bhog diseases will be given tor oa sending in a gen. Get buýoday and win a cash prise Addrss FIGARO CO. DALLAS TEXAS Keeps the spindle bright 55 free from grit. Try a Sold by dealers everywhr STANDAND OIL MIgsesFa SWELLING THE HOTEL B Hotel Keeper's Method of T Traveler Had at Least tih Method of Novelty. One of the things which help the traveler's expenses, both in country and abroad, is the "extra." may or may not be charged in the but it is sure to be paid for. ably even the most generous tra however, will have some sympathy: the gentleman in the following who was made to pay liberally >y certain annoying privilege. During his stay at the hotel weather had been very hot. "Charles," said the landlord to clerk who was making out the be presented to the departing "have you noticed that the gen i; number seven has consulted thermometer on the piazza at leas times every morning during his - Charles replied that he had. "Well," said the landlord, him the p'ice of one dinner a a the use of the thermometer."-y Companion. What About Him? The talk had gone back and fn4-' the youthful socialist had bees nouncing that no man ought to get living by cheating, and we all to him, and agreed that it was ful when men and women did aet the truth, but tried to make theb ing by deceiving people. MUll landowners, financiers, we soad11se of them who cheat the pubUi, a1, one should make a living by 4 tion," said the young man. btag quiet voice from a woman came the corner of the sofa. "What the conjurer?"-London Chroniles. Some folks never feel saintly they have a chance to syndicate sorrows.