GOOD APPLE BUITER
Snitzing Party Period Is Now a
Thing of the Past.
Modern Methods of Manufacture Have
Robbed Pennsylvania Farmers
of Delightful Frolics Held
in the Fall.
Garfield, Pa.-During September and!
October of each year all roads in
Berks county lead to the cider and
apple butter mills, for this is the sea
son when everybody has more ap
ples that he needs for winter use.
There is no farming community in
Berks county today that does not have
its community cider mill, where farm
ers can take their apples in the morn
ing and return with the cider a few
hours later, but there are only two
Jr three places in this great agrt
-ultural county where the farmer can
so speedily turn his fruit into nice,
fresh apple butter.
Marvelous as it appears to grand
mother, who used to sit in the old
'armbouse kitchen with her little Bar
low knife, peeling the rinds off the
red cheeked apples. paring them next
morning in the barrel-sized copper
kettle to be cooked into apple butter,
It still appears more marvelous to
the mother of twenty-five years ago,
to whom the apple butter party was
'the time of the year." She can
hardly realize today that those good
old times are passing away.
"What a change!" says mother.
"Today we pick the apples; tomorrow
father starts for the cider mill at 6
o'clock. The apples are shoveled into
a griding machine, ground into pom
ace sad shoveled to one of the latest
style hydraulic presses, from which
the ulice is extracted in a very few
minutes, ready for the apple butter
cooking, under the same roof. The
cider is then cooked and boiled in
large barrel-shaped receptacles, the
steam running through copper coils
that nicely fit in barrels.
The sweet apples the farmer just
brings along from the tree, and there
Is no snitzsing party on the farm be
forehand. They are brought entire,
and are first nicely washed, then
placed in a barrel, cooked by steam
until they form a thin, mushy paste.
Then they are placed in a copper
sievelike instrument, over which is
operated a rubber lever which sep
arates the skin from the apples, cores
and seeds, so nothing but pure apple
juice goes into the apple butter. This
nicely sieved pulp and the boiling
cider are placed together in another
barrel, the spices are added, and with
in forty-five minutes the steam that'
runs through another set of copper
coils will have accomplished the trick
and the apple butter will be ready to
pour Into the farmer's milk cans or
crocks in which he usually hauls it
The first apple butter cooking fac
tory in Berks county was Installed
by ex-County Treasurer David W. Mo
gel and today he and his son, John
F. Mogel, make cider and cook apple
butter four days each week for the
farmers of the community, and each
Saturday cook it for themselves, to
sell to other folks. When the farmer
gets his apples turned into cider he
pays only a cent a gallon. For apple
butter he pays fifteen cents extra per
STUMPS MOVED VERY CHEAP
Charpit Method of Taking Out Tree
Roots on Cleared Land Prov
Cheballs, Wash.--Cehalis is just
now the center of an interesting ex
periment In land clearing. Recently
through the offices of Secretary Mer
rell, of the Chekalis Citizens' club,
an arrangement made with Harry
Thompson of the United States de
partment of agriculture, with head
quarters at Seattle, and Prof. H. W.
Sparks, farm demonstrator of the
state college, to conduct some experi
ments with the charpit process of
burning out stumps on loggedoff
lands. The work has just been com
pleted at the farm of Henry Duper
tuls, near Chehalls.
One hundred fir stumps, from two
to four feet in diameter, were kept
burning in this test, an accurate sa
count was kept of labor. Stumps
were completely destroyed, and roots
burned out at an average cost of 60
cents per stump.
This voluntary work of the Citisens'
club of Chehalis will, it is hoped,
prove of great value to western Wash
ington and Oregon, as it establishes
the value of the charpit burning meth
od of clearing logged-off lands. The
process works most efectively on clay
The method has two valuable fee
tures. First, it can be successfully
conducted without the high-priced
skilled labor required for the blasting
powder and donkey engine process.
Boys from fourteen to sixteen years
of age can do the work thoroughly.
FAVOR YANKEE FIZZY WA TER
Twenty August Visitors Line Up at
Soda Fountain Like Little
New York.-Frederick H. Mills,
financial director of the international
prison commission, is showing New
York to the foreign delegates, the
British. Austrian, German. South
American. Italian and Chinese prison
experts who are going to Washington
to attend the first international prison
congres ever held in the United
States. Today Mr. Mills wondered
what new thing he could lead them to.
They had seen the tall buildings, the
art museum, the subway, the parka
and the flaUros, but they still cray
Struck by an idea he guided a party
of tO, Including Sir Uvelyn Ruggles.
Briee, of the British home omce; Dr.
Van Engelberg, of the German minis.
try of Justice: Charle Ddlo., of the
ministry of justice of Belgium, anad
Victor Almqulet. chief of the division
e the ministry oe justice Sweden,
MEMORIAL OF HISTORI C TREATY
InOpop Avono a T I DTos C " per.
wig a al oSiaýV Ta~ITv @I 1 IW
LOOMIGTON .-The ct zen of Edgar coeunty linois, have erect
ed and soon will unveil a mcsonument to mark the spot on which was
made one of the most important of American treaties, that made with
Chief Pontiac of the Ottawas in 1765. By this agreement the Indians
transferred their allegiaance from the French to the Englisho and the latter
the reat Lakes and down the Mississippi to its mouth. Thoe making ot
the treaty thus wde one o the most momentous events in American co-treaties that made with
Chlonial Pontiac story. the Ottwas in 166. B this agreement the ndians
aequired the vast territory that stretched from New York westward along
the Great Lakes and down the Mossiesppi to its mouth. Ths making of
the treaty thus was one of the most momentous events in American co
I gallon. and, while it takes four gal
lons of cider for a gallon of apple
butter, the only outlay in cash is the
nineteen cents'a gallon, except what
he pays for the spices. For every
barrel of cider he needs two bushels
of nice sweet apples. The ordinary
cooking for a family consists of two
barrels of cider and four bushels ot
apples, and the result is twenty gal
lons of apple butter.
If the farmer preferred to sell the
apple butter he can realize from sixty
cents to one dollar a gallon-twice
as much as he could get for the apple
butter that was made during the
"snitzing party" period. The Mogels
Ihave made as high as 88.000 gallons
of cider and 4.000 gallons of apple
butter in a season. The high mark
for one day was 123 barrels of cider
and 240 gallons of apple butter. Dur
ing the busy season they work day
COULDN'T MISS HIS TRAIN
"Kind" Friends Make Sure That Jer
S sy Man Awakens in Time to
New York.-Anxious to take the
4 :35 train from Washington. N. J.,
Thomas James decided to sleep over
night in the store where he is a clerk
and be awakened by an alarm clock.
The other clerks decided to have fun
At 1 a. m. James was awakened
by a loud ringing. There was the
clock ticking peacefully by his side,
with the alarm hand pointing three
hours ahead. He found the source
of the sound under a large pan. He
stopped it and went to sleep. Fif
teen minutes afterward he was re
awakened similarly. Another clock
was under another pan. The per
formance was repeated three times
more. Then James decided to aban
don the place to the alarm clocks.
He walked the streets until train
Then, it leaves highly fertilized seed
beds for grasses, grains, berries or*
other fruits, whereas blasting tears
holes in the ground and lifts the hard
pan to the surface.
Photographs taken on the farm of
Mr. Dupertuis, where he has hereto
fore used the charpit process, show
that wherever a stump was burned
out there was invariably a heavier
growth of grain or grass than on ad
joining ground. Fruit trees planted
over such a spot showed an unusual
growth as compared with others.
Mr. Thompson's report will be is
sued later by the United States de
partment of agriculture.
"Consclence Fund" Grows.
New York.-The "conscience fund"
at the custom house, known officially
as "duties from unknown hands," has
been increased by the receipt of $15
in Canadian notes. They came in an
entelope postmarked Victoria, B. C.,
with an unsigned letter reading:
"When entering the United States
awhile ago, I did not pay duty on
The custom house ordinarily does
not accept Canadian money, but has
made an exception in this case.
Lovers' Lanes in Parks.
Kansas City, Kan.-The Rev. Sam
nel Garvin, pastor of the First Presby
terlan church in this city, thinks that
"lovers' lanes" are a necessary part
of the park system of a city. He says
that these shad? walks are of no harm
and that they should be provided in
the city parks.
to a big iee cream parlor In Broad
war near the Herald Square hoteL
Mr. Mills seated them along the
counter, then he said to the soda
fountain attendant: "Make twenty
ice-cream sodas, vanilla flavor."
"Trust me," he added to the dele
gates,. "they will not harm you. It
is one of our principal American lux
ures. 8tir gently and eat with the
The dignified prison congress folk
went at the soda gingerly at first, but
they froze to the mixture and told Mr.
Mills that they Intended to try it
again. They had never partaken of
an Ictee cream soda and they were
positive that the experience would re
main as one of their pleasantest In
There is a German delegate at the
Hotel Plaza who set out to taste all
dishes on the menu card that were
new to him.. At present he is dieting
under doctor's orders. "He mixed
things too much," said Mr. Mills.
BAN ON UNMARRIED WOMEN
Tufts' President Says Middle-Aged
Spinsters Should Be Banished as
Medford, Mass.-Presldent Fred
erick W. Hamilton of Tufts college
has come out with the positive as
sertion that unmarried woman teach
erd should be barred from girls' col
leges because their influence is harm
ful. He says:
"I do not believe that young girls
who are Just passing into young wom
anhood are in the proper environment
when they are continually brought in
to close personal touch with elderly
"The larger proportion of women's
colleges are in the hands of woman
teachers, however, and the education
al atmosphere of the places is fem
inine, the peculiar type of feminity
developed by highly cultured, middle
aged unmarried women. Now, while
the type may be very fine individual
ly, it is not the proper one to create
the atmosphere for girls at the for
mative period of their lives.
"Girls Just coming into womanhood
are receiving their most valuable Im
pressions and their future attitude to
ward the questions of this time. Their
outlook on life, which I believe is the
most important part of the college
training, should be broad, and it can
not be so unless formed in an en
vironment of breadth.
"In the lower grades of the schools,
too, and in preparatory schools the
influence of the unmarried, middle
aged woman is counteracted by the
dominating influence of the home. I
believe that an element of married
teachers, widows, who were teachers
before marriage, perhaps, would be
beneficial. The relationship of these
schools and their pupils is different,
however, because the pupils live at
home. The girls at college live a
purely academic life. They are on
their resources and they face prob
lems that are quite new to them.
They are to be trained to become
competent and important parts of
life, we hope. They need a large out
look and a broad viewpoint. The
elements which go to give these must
be brought into their lives at this
psychological time, and all elements
that tend toward narrowness should
TEACH BRIDES COOKING ART
McKeesport School Board In New Up
lift Movement-Young Women
Enter Night Classes.
Pittsburg.-The spirit of the uplift
in this city is now directed toward
women and their housekeeping abil
Itles. The action of the domestic
science committee of the schools in
McKeesport the other night in estab
lishing classes in cooking for prospec
tive brides is expected to result in an
increase in patrimonial ventures.
The committee, on application of a
number of mothers with eligible
daughters, announces the cooking de
partment of the schools will be thrown
open for night classes for young wom
en, who will pay 25 cents for ten les
Almost simultaneously in Pitts
burg a number of women organized
the housekeepers' club to carry out a
plan to solve the servant girl question.
A committee was appointed to devise
ways and means to get good servant
girls and keep them after they are
Human Life Chemical Feat?
Vienna.-Mexico's consul in Trieste
reports that Prof. Herrera, a Mexican
scientist, has succeeded in forming a
human embryo by chemical combine
MAYFLOWER MASCOT IS LOST
Mrs. Roosevelt's Gift to Crew of
President's Yacht Is Missing,
but Not as Deserter.
New York.-There Is sorrow on
board the U. 8. 8. Mayflower, known
as the president's yacht, which is be
inl overhauled at the Brooklyn navy
yard. Spike, the Mayflower's mascot,
is missing, and it is feared that either
he has been stolen or has met some
evil companions. He has not yet over
stayed his shore leave to the point
where he can be termed a deserter,
but the master at arms will take him
tin chae wherever he is found.
Spike is the bulldog presented to
the crew by Mrs. Roosevelt. He is
rated the ship's champion swimmer
and is entitled to medals for life say
tin. On two occasions he saved the
lives of men who fell overboard.
In a notice sent out by the erew
offering a reward for his return. Spike
is described as being "all bulldog
weight about fifty pounds, heed about
seventeen inches above the ground
He is black sad white and has eon'
Uncle Sam Has New Ward in Liberia
JASHINOTON.-An obscure chap
ter, it has long lain unread in
American annals, in spite of the in
terest that surrounds it. But now
that the United States has come to
take an active hand in the govern
ment of Liberia, it is natural that the
founding of that old half-American.
halt African-negro state should attract
our interest. Founded back In 1820
as a home for the freed slaves from
this country, Liberia became a repub
lic in 1847. Today its population num
bers some 60,000 Liberians along the
coast, while 2,000,000 negroes run wild
in the interior. No white man can ac
quire citizenship or own property.
By an arrangement with bankers in
this country, France and Germany and
with the approval of Liberia and the
European powers, a loan of $2,000,000
is to be floated by our government to
the end of setting straight Liberian
finances and assisting the country to
establish itself upon a firmer basis.
The United States will have control
of the little state's financial, military
and agricultural departments and will
administer the republic's relations.
The popular accounts of the found
ing of Liberia credit the achievement
somewhat vaguely to the American
Colonization society, of which Henry
Clay was president. There is a less
Soldier of Fortune May Lose Rights
SF Capt. Jorge Nelken Y. Wald
berg. erstwhile of Argentina, pre
tended American, typical soldier of
fortune and one of the few men who
ever succeeded in selling a gold brick
to one of the nation's most prominent
men, does not return to Washington
within the next sixty days, be is likely
to lose his alleged American citizen
ship and be denied the protection of
Captain Waldberg flourished in
Washington 12 years ago, during the
Spanlsh-American war, and a few
years later, at the Pan-American expo
sition. The captain came to Wash
ington with a long military record.
Having been born in Argentina, he has
lived in half dospn 8outh American
countries and been engaged In as
many revolutions in the cause of lib
erty. Exiled, when unsuccessful, he
dropped into New York one day and
organized a company of Greek fruit
venders, whom he took to Athens,
joined the Greek army and fought it
the Graeco-Turklsh war.
All that he got out of that contest
was a little military glory and a wife.
He married a very beautiful daughter
Puzzlers for the New Customs Court
Ip A HEN is not a bird, why is a
pair of rubber boots an article of
woolen wearing apparel? Funny ques
tion, is it not? There are many oth
ers, but this one Is enough to show
how Uncle Sam is puzzled at times to
properly classify imported articles so
that the correct rate of customs du
ties may be levied and collected. In
the above case, it is simply because
the highest customs authority of the
land held that as the boots had linings
in which there was an appreciable
quantity of wool they should bear the
rate prescribed for woolen apparel.
That same highest authority decided
that frogs' legs are dutiable as poul
The customs court, a new judicial
body that is just getting down to busi
nees at Wuhington, already has many
cases that will cause the public to
laugh. One of the first questions for
it to decide is whether the hen is a
bird. Ornithologists would unhesitat
ingly declare she is, but the new
court is not composed of such men.
Eh? What is the odds? Wait a min
ute, and you will see how it concerns
every housekeeper. If the court can
Credit Due Foreign Health Officers
EW r realise to what extnt
the welltre of this nation iM pre
served by the splendid service of the
medical forces which are stationed
at all the danger ports abroad to pm
vent the Introduction of plagues and
pestilenes tnto this country through
shipping agencies. This force of pub.
lie health omeers I well equipped.
Moreover, tn all places the work of
thes trained experts Is further sup
plemented by the efforts of the con
sular omcers. In places that are too
small to support a trained force, but
are quite large enough to transmit dis
ease by emigration, the consular eQ
cers do splendid work unaided.
The stringent laws of quarantita
known chapter of that perilous enter
prise which attributes the martyrdom
of a life in this effort to open a new
world to the slaves to Rev. Samuel
Bacon, an American minister of the
By act of congress, on March 3,
1819, the president was empowered to
create an agency in Africa for the
purpose of providing an asylum for
such Africans as should be liberated
by our ships of war from vessels
seised for violation of the law sup
pressing the tramc in slaves.
The government decided to send out
the ship of war Cyane and the trans
port Elizabeth with mechanics and la
borers under two agents for the pur
pose of breaking ground for the re
ception of liberated slaves. On Janu
ary 8. 1820, having previously been in
the service of the colonization society.
Bacon received from President Mon
roe the commission making him the
head of the proposed expedition.
Thirty-nine families, comprehending
89 families made up the company.
Great dlmculty was experienced in
finding not only a place of settlement,
but even one of debarkation.
A species of Alican fever appeared
among the membtrs of the little band
of settlers. Soon 25 of the party were
brought down with it. Breaking un
der the labors he had assumed Bacon
presently discovered symptoms of the
malady in himself. The remedies
administered were of no avail and he
Bankson and others of the party
survived. The founding of the colony
went forward. But on the sacrifice of
Bacon's life Liberia was built.
of a professor in the University of
Athens and returned to America in
time to take up newspaper work at
the outbreak of the Spanish-American
He was able to speak several lan
guages fluently, and especially Span
bsh. There was a great demand for
news from Cuba, and the genius of
Nelken led him to make translations
from Spanish and Cruan newspapers,
for which he found ready market with
the Washington correspondents. His
success prompted him to "fake" when
his news sources became exhausted.
One of these "fakes" was a dispatch
which he put forth all over the coun
try, telling in most dramatic manner
of the attempted assassination of Gen
eral Blanco, who was then governor
general of Cuba, and which caused a
great deal of excitement at the time.
Not long ago the captain turned up
in Constantinople and became involved
in some trouble there which prompted
him to demand the protection of the
the American flag. He presented his
case at the embassy, and in endear
oring to establish the fact that he was
a naturalised American citizen, some
disclosures came to light regarding his
papers which led the American charge
to refer the matter to the state de
The department in turn made in
quiry at the district court, with the re
sult that an order was issued requlring
him to show cause within sixty days
why his papers should not be can
be Induced to decide that the hen is
a bird, down will go the price of eggs,
for the present tariff bar makes every
importer of edible eggs pay five cents
a dozen for all he brings into the
country. Bird's eggs are on the free
Another puzzssling question is wheth
er hen's eggs that have been broken
up shall be taxed as eggs or albumen.
Chemically, the mess ready for the
making of omelets is albumen, but if
the- court holds that they should
take the albumen duty it is feared
every importer will see to it that every
imported egg is smashed before it
gets to the custom house. The crack.
er trust would doubtless be pleased
to have such a decision made.
Is half a duck, imported from China
two years ago, and still used as an
exhibit in the courts, a bit of pre
served meat or dressed poultryT The
government insists it is the former
and the Chinese importer insists that
it is not.
Another nut to crack: Is an auto
mobile a household effect? Patriotic
Americans returning from motoring in
Europe will be pleased to have the
court say it is. Under such a deci
sloa they could take over with them a
few real household goods, set up light
housekeeping for a while, buy a
French automobile, and then return
to this country and do it all for less
than the amount of duty on a high
priced automobile made in Europe.
and the penalties which attach, to all
attempts to evade them put effective
repressive weapons into the hands of
these omc4i so that no attempts are
made to escape from compulsory com
pliance and securlng a clean bill of
health at the point'of departure and
ports of call. A vessel that starts
from a port with no appearanse d to
fections diseases among her crew or
passengers, and which is again sub
Jected to rigorous examination on her
arrival at say American port, stands
little chance of bringin any infected
passengers past the several Inspector.
As there is no way of measuring
what might happen If this force were
not employed, its members do not al
ways receive the full mount at credit
to which their unremitting care and
attention entitle them. They stand
among the many preventive forces
which the country utilises to sate
guard the people and to whom the
debt of the nation Is greater than the
publie is Into the habit aof kaeowledg
WRONG IN THAT DIAGNOSIS
Physiolan's Method May Have Boun
All Right, but Here He was
We are told that the latest sensa
tion in the medical world is the asser
tion of a doctor that he is able, by
looking into a patient's eye, to make
an accurate diagnosis of the complaint
which the patient is suffering. But is
this really as novel as it is supposed
to be? 1 recollect hearing some time
ago of a doctor who said to a patient
who was under examination: "I can
see by the appearance of your right
eye what is the matter with you. You
are suffering from 'liver.'"
"My right eye?" asked the patient.
"Yes," returned the doctor. "It
shows me plainly that your liver is
out of order."
"Excuse me, doctor," said the pa
tient, apologetically. "My right eye's
a glass one."
Lovemaking and Practioe.
The only way to become an expert
at lovemaking is to practice. This
was the information handed out to a
handful of hearers by the Hindu phil
osopher, Sakharam Ganesh Pandit, in
a lecture on "The Science of Love."
"Love is a divine discontent,' aid
the philosopher, "and if you want to
arouse love in others it can be done
only by giving them love. How to
develop the emotion of love in another.,
is the great question of today-the art
of making love. It needs a great deal
of study and a great deal of prac
Same Old Point.
Jack-I went gunning in the coun
try one day last week.
Jack-Nothing but my trousers.
A catalogue of vices never led any
one into virtue.
EMINENT DOCTORS AT YOUR SERVICE
We sweep away all doctor's charges. We put the best medical
within everybody's reach. We encourage everyone who ails or
he ails to find out exactly what his state of health is. You can I
remedies here, at your drug store, or not at all, as you prefer; tbeR
positively no charge for examination. Professor Munyon has p
specifics for nearly every disease, which are sent prepaid on receipt
price, and sold by all druggists.
Send to-day for a copy of our medical examination blank and
to Health, which we will mail you promptly, and if you will anms,
the questions, returning blank to us, our doctors will carefully diagma
your case and advise you fully, without a penny charge.
Address Munyon's Doctors, Munyon's Laboratories, 53d & J
Streets, Philadelphia, Pa.
t murderous. It kills the vital
powers. To cure malaria you
must do more than stop th -
S shaking and aching. You must
ease and put back into the body
the strength and vigor that dim
ease has destroyed.
-a bottle proves
does this so quickly and surely that it stands alone
among malaria medicines as a perfect cure. It drives
out Chills and Fever, and then begins its tonic action
rebuilding and revitalizing the entire system.
The tonic body-building properties of OXIDINE
make it the most effectual of all remedies for dis
orders of Liver, Kidneys, Stomach and Bowels when
these organ, are failing in their functios.
If you want to cure malaria, get OXIDINE. If you
are weak, get OXIDINE and be strong.
5Oc. At Your Drugrists
PATTON-WORSHAM DRUG CO.. Ntrs.. DaOa.' Tes
ho7.sls. Is ahi g Priz ea
_____SAR_ wilibe paid o wlnnes of ths
does each part nwogh? Iooo io
give for thee asares go at
weight of each piece; the whole
one shoulder. one whole side with
one ham with hoof. $5.00 will be
bir the second bet*gles and $2.oo for the third best Thirty-two s.oo
for the next thirty-two gueses A valu
able book on bhog diseases will be given
tor oa sending in a gen. Get
buýoday and win a cash prise Addrss
Keeps the spindle bright 55
free from grit. Try a
Sold by dealers everywhr
SWELLING THE HOTEL B
Hotel Keeper's Method of T
Traveler Had at Least tih
Method of Novelty.
One of the things which help
the traveler's expenses, both in
country and abroad, is the "extra."
may or may not be charged in the
but it is sure to be paid for.
ably even the most generous tra
however, will have some sympathy:
the gentleman in the following
who was made to pay liberally >y
certain annoying privilege.
During his stay at the hotel
weather had been very hot.
"Charles," said the landlord to
clerk who was making out the
be presented to the departing
"have you noticed that the gen
i; number seven has consulted
thermometer on the piazza at leas
times every morning during his -
Charles replied that he had.
"Well," said the landlord,
him the p'ice of one dinner a a
the use of the thermometer."-y
What About Him?
The talk had gone back and fn4-'
the youthful socialist had bees
nouncing that no man ought to get
living by cheating, and we all
to him, and agreed that it was
ful when men and women did aet
the truth, but tried to make theb
ing by deceiving people. MUll
landowners, financiers, we soad11se
of them who cheat the pubUi, a1,
one should make a living by 4
tion," said the young man. btag
quiet voice from a woman came
the corner of the sofa. "What
the conjurer?"-London Chroniles.
Some folks never feel saintly
they have a chance to syndicate
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