Newspaper Page Text
A silo is a necessity.
Provide free range for hogs.
Horses and mules are very fond of
lvrery dairy should have a butter or
Only the wealthy man can afford to
keep a poor cow.
Do not waste time trying to cure a
very sick chicken.
The horse is the only animal which
every farmer must have.
Oats make an excellent ration for
growing and breeding hogs.
Pedigreed stock, with animals, means
known parentage on both sides.
Do not neglect to spray the orchard
trees and berry bushes this year.
Every instant that milk stands in
the stable it gathers contamination.
The silo helps solve the problem
of making a profit from $100 an acre
Do not allow a boss colt to nag a
younger or smaller on. Separate
Do not place much faith in new
feeds-you do not know what they are
Beginners should not purchase large
colonies of bees. Begin moderately
and go slow.
In feeding a milk cow a corn ra
ties, reduce the ration at first indi
eation of fattening.
There are usually some ewes that
have served their days pt usefulness
and bett~r be discarded.
lome of the ect-over corn ground
ean be sown to rye for late fall. win
toe and early spring pasture.
After the third month the calf will
begin td' want extra water, and some
may be mixed with the milk
If the stra berry plants are vigor
oue, and the bed not too weedy, it
may pay to renovate It for other year.
Watch the bowels of both mare and
eolt, and if there are any indications
of constitpatlon give more succulent
Turn separator with a steady and
Uniform speed and flush down with
skim milk or water at end of seos
There are many methods of stortng
seed corn. but In all cases the place
d storing must be dry and well ven"
It Ia almost Impossible to keep the
parts of a band separator clean and
bright withaout the use of some washr
Ia building new quarters for swine.
the foundations should be made per
manent and the floors double and wind
If the sheep are kept on the past
nres too late they will eat rliht
down Into the roots, and do more
r than grass will do them aood
Keep the cows in clean yards dur
tg the day, and supply rations of
food Wale to keep up the production
of the herd to a parlug point
Now is the time to fligre whether it
would be cheaper to build a comfort.
able house for the boss or supply the
hat this winter br feeding extra
Among the essentials of the asuoess
ful eare and management of a farm
lsock of mutton sheep are that we
treat them in 8 manner adapted to
ticeoughling In pigs i- caused by a
derangement of the stomach ~le o,,
the bet ways to correct the trouhle
* 1i to absange the ration, feeding lee
oea and more of sheb feed asu ground
eata and bras
Yong pils are so partial towasrd
foode ieb in proteln that they will
asquire a eeess of that elemea, if
given da olgortualty. thereby stunt
tina tbhei grth
The arn meohod of ridtine the
poultry yUN0• sad meets of mttes ts
to mea r1 tratment wtth a liquid
lico e and mtte Ier ad keoep the pool
trr bone tberslhi eles
The eow ets upe a her bInd feet
roe with bead dleow fl tile roen
the manser should bI law nd. the
"- allowed enough freedom h
stall so that she earn L with mas
Old rotted apples. plu grapo s a
prmlmtug arve as ecalleut wIt
homes fr many Inasects ad baetal
diease These "mutnmmler a
proting abhould be gathered up and
Wbea alfalfa bay Is thrown down
for the als stack, and the leaves
S arlhtter, w l aN tA ,ave them as theY
are G be r lsa Damp.e them a
few hIam r dr r feeoditn and they
' 1 d
Better sires are needed.
Pork production is a specialty.
Cleanliness is the keynote in good
Careful selection should bring every
cow up to it
No definite temperature for churn
ing can be given.
The sheep barn should be put in or
der for the flock now.
The silo is the best solution of the
problem of short pastures.
Begin to feed a good rat!on in the
stables to keep up development.
The age for working colts varies
with size, strength and maturity.
It is time now to wrap young fruit
trees in protection from the rabbits.
It is too expensive to dig around the
trees by hand, and it is seldom dons.
It is expensive to let a cow fall in
her milk because of the lack of proper
It has been well said that a farm
can never rise above the lev.el of its
For cream and butter the Jersey
and Guernsey grades should be
The apple crop of the United States
is 14 per cent larger than the average
The young cockerels shol4d be put
up to fatten for two weeks, and as
soon as fat sold.
Weeds crowd the cultivated plants.
depriving them of light and spam In
both soil and air.
The ration should be balanced to
meet the needs of the cow at all
stages at lactation.
The development of the young horse
requires the exercise of the best judg
ment in handling him.
The man who will not obey the
please-be-clean advice, should be sub
jected to sterner advice.
Bits of sweet apples make the
sheep happy. They need some such
thing this time of the year.
A great marg people would be glad
to keep a few colonies of beep if they
did hot eirstastingly swpr.
Lice feed on the young chokes-
this s one great reason that they fall
to make the growth they should.
You will appreciate the ditereMce
between low-headed and high-beaded
trees when you are picking the crop.
Warm milk should never be poured
into cold milk, nor should the nlght's
milk be mixed with the morning's
in order to produce desirable flavor
It is very essential that the milk and
cream be handled under sanitary con
The first thing to do to raise an
even bunch of sheets is to breed the
sows as near as possible all at the
Oat chaff and fine-cut clover bay
make a substantial food when mixed
with corn chop and wheat bran for
Of course, the trut must have more
or less shade. but eature will take
care of that after Intelligent pruning
has been dose
It is a well-known fact that disease
is more prevalent among bog Just
after they are started on new corn
than any other time
Adobe and gumbo 'are almllar They
are both soils of a heavy clay type.
quite rich in plant food. which mast
not be worked when wet.
To prevent scours in calves, proper
care should be gives to the mother
while pregnant. that she mny be able
to gitve birth to a healthy caif.
One of the first requisdtee fot su
es with begs is a shelter where
young pigs can be kept warm and well
supplied witb sunashine and fresh air.
Cwe lambs from Indfviduals thatb
have proven themselves good breed
ers and producers are the safest ones
to be retained for breedlit per
Any time from now till April Is the
time to spray the orchard with lime
and sulphur to destroy the Ban Jose
'cale. which Is liable to be found alsoi
',n roses and a number of other orna
The dairyman with sight or ten
cows should have a Baboock teter
This utensil does not cost much. and
It pays for itlelf nearly every week
in the year
Steeta fed clover bay will at
only coonsume more roughage, but
a!so more grain than those fed on
timothy hay if grain and rouaghage
are fed aecordig to appetite.
The tfeeder who cannot use cotto
seed meal or stimlar feeds shold ser
taly buy elover hay (alfalfa or sew
pea ay would be fully as gsood). ees
thm the mat may be 18 per ta
pat Is deabed mainly ader the
L_ a etween the muslesa, ht a
stletectdry devdlopmernt of this
estate eares be secured tIn ea
germtesu. Bmee the impetaeos d
your arm I'e h to,
er as·_ .~' l li( -
..t e a i l
l and Co-Operative
Union of America
MaettsvEspeal eme tto
the Progressive Aicuthrist
Many a six-footer is a little short.
Most rat holes will bear looking
One way to raise money is to raise
Isn't the lover who braves the storm
It doesn't require an axe to cut an
Sometimes the clothes speak louder
than the man.
Cooperation spells recuperation
Keep busy and you'll have no time
to be miserable.
Many things are well done that are
not worth doing.
Corn on the cob is more acceptable
than corn on the foot.
The lawyer thrives upon the conten
tlons of his nlighbors.
Cut down your cotton acreage and
try to increase the yield.
There is no impropriety in using a
spring wagon in the fall
Time is the most expensive item
that enters in the average Job.
A cross husband is about the mean
est cross a woman has to bear.
Most farmers want to be considered
as men before they are labeled and
ticketed as farmers.
Co-operation and the employment of
trained business men in the selling is
the salvation of the farms.
What profiteth it a man if he raise
the best crop in the country and
loses money in the selling?
Knowledge is power, and so is a
gasoline engine. Both must be used
to get the most good out of them.
The real leaders in farm work or in
anything else are the men who say
"oome on boys," not the men who say
Its easy to be thankful when we are
prosperous but it takes real optimism
to be thankful things are no worse
when we.suffer heavy losses.
PROFITABLE FARM IN SOUTH
Prosperity Seen When All People
Live on Farm Products and Grow
Cotton as Surplus.
G. H. Alford, one of the agents of
the government represeating the ag
ricultural department and who has
been working chiefly in Claiborne
county this year, talked to business
men aud planters at the Vicksburg
Cotton Exchange last week and said
some good things, among them the
"The planters who keep their la
borers and force them to grow plenty
of corn, rice, potatoes, molasses, hogs
anad poultry for home use, and to cul
tivate my six or seven acres of cot
ton, according to government instruc
tions, will grow more prosperous ev
ery year. They will not grow as
much cotton, but it will not be neces
sary for them to send two-thirds of
the money obtained for cotton to oth
er sections of the country to pay for
farm products. Roll weevil or no boll
weevil, prosperity will be the role
in Warren county when all her peo
pie live on the products of the farms
and grow cotton as a surplus crop
I meet planters every day who are
anxious to sell their plantationsu.
They tell me they are in debt anad
will never be able to raise the mort
gage. They say that the boll wee
vil is here to destroy cotton-their
money crop. They are mistaken on
two counts. Profitable 'crops of cot
ton can be grown in spite of the boll
weevil and cotton is not now a asr
plus money crop. They will grow
piroftable crops of cotton as a sur
plua crop in a year or so. They will
Sthen all live at home and grow say
two-thirds as much cotton. The cot
ton money will then raise mortgages
instead of pay for corn, bacon,
lard, mules, hay, etc. The boll wee
vil means diverslfied farming and
stock railsng. Thls means fertile soil
and good farming. Fertile soll and
good farming means high priced land.
The boll weevil will probably keep
the price of land down for two or
three years, but diversifed agrlcul
tae and the raising of good hogs,
cattle, mules, horseq and other stock
will force the price up and up until it
will sell for four or five times its
gresest market value Let every
planter hold a tigh grip on his lanid.
fThere is no excuse for the blues.
The nort.xern farmers are getttang
rich. They cannot grow cotton They
cannot grow sugar cane, rice and
many o'her crops that can be gros,
in Warren Any crop will grow hbere
that the r.ortherners can grow. Diver
sifed farming and stock ratsing and
the growing of cotton a a surplus
crop will put Warren county on the
hblgh road to genuine prosperity.
Teachings Bear Fruit.
The old mortgageF and credit syms
tern is rapidly weakening. The teaeb
ting of the Farmers' Union is bearita
fruit Every true ble farmenrs' unlo
man is living at home and praeticngi
the most rigid economy. Thousands
are leaving the land of bondage sad
enterina the promised land-the land
of pay-CaUbsha-you-o. Let u all join
the bead that is marehintag to the
New Company Manstered In.
CoL W. P. Harrison, commading
the nrst Regiment, Arkasasm N
tional Guard, made a report to the
--jutant general's oBee regardin the
ustering in of a anew company at
trkaLdelphis. The report ahows that
-e company, as mustered bl, aedAsi
.T -A, bhatltht ~ 2 me ame s .i
IR. L McAtser, ompinis; c. a. ois
wa asu ma. *.. £
HOLD COTTON, SLYS BARRETI AN EXCLUSIVE POOR FARM
Urgeo Farmers to Farm as If Staple No One Can- P Admlttod wo AelMaed
Crop Not in Existence-South Exoipt Thoe. Who Once Paid
Carolina Pfan. Tax.a.
To the Officers and Members of the
At this critical stage in the cotton
situation, with the Farmers' Union
and scores of business leaders and
general southern factors battling tb
stem the tide of unfair prices, the
first duty of the farmer is to hold his
Those who sell at present prices
are simply Ziving away a margin of
several million dollars to spinners
and speculators. Quotations after the
first of the year will establish the
truth of that assertion. The most
difficult part of the campaign, is
now upon us. To waver is to lost
the effect of the splendid work a
In South Carolina, under the lead
ership of E. J. Watson, president of
the Southern cotton congress, they are
instituting a system of pledges which
binds the planter to hold his present
coton for Th en cents; and further,
not to sow aore than sixty per cent.
of the arable acreage in cotton for
the coming season. The plan is an
excellent one. Statistics and our own
common sense tell us that the crop
now in hand is worth much more than
is being offered for it. But if civilll
zation needs the sharp ipsmons of a
short crop to emphasise the 'wisdom
of fair dealing with the farmer-then
so be it!
The south is in better position to
be absolutely independent than any
other section of the country. Just
assume, for the sake of illustration,
that soil conditions were such that
we could not produce cotton. We
would then proceed to realise upon
the south's heaven-sent heritage by
producing the great staple crops rais
ed in every other section of Ameri
ca, the crops they rely upon to sus
tain life, to bring in revenue, to pro-'
Think what southern soil can yield.
Corn, wheat, oats, barley, rye. sweet
potatoes. Irish potatoes, turnips,
peas, vetch, burr clover, alfalfa, rib
boa cane, sorghum, watermelons, all
kinds of vegetables, cows, hogs,
sheep, goats, mules, poultry and poul
try products, dairy products, ad all
manner of fruits.
We could simply wipe cotton out of
consideration, still make a living, and
bring in enormous sums from the
world-at-large for southern crops.
In the faee of these tremendous as
sets, it is nothing less than criminal
folly to concentrate on cotton. Cut
down on it, ruthlessly! Make it
strictly a surplus crop. Produce any
or all of the other crops I have ena
meratea. Then the perenanal cottca
problem will cease to be one, the cot
ton we do raise will bring a fair
price and it will not be. tincmbered
by the large amounts now asaely
sent outside o fthd section for staple
tlhat hould be raised here
CHARLES S. BARRETT.
Union City, Ga.
OTHER FELLOW GETS PROFIT
Perk Can e Raised Just as Cheapy
In South as In 'e
by Prof. W. i. Massey.
"Bat go down in the cotton country
and you will see thousands of ame
year after year growing a small crop
per acre of cotton by the aid of a lit
tie low-priced fertilizser bought on the
credit of the cotton crop, and paying
big prices for western baeon that the
Dltchman raised sad made a profit
from. a railroad made a profit on cr
ryiag the hogs to Chicago. anad the
packer became a mfilPoatrer sad a b
other railroad hauled It south and the
local merchant, who has a chattel
mortgage on many a crop of cctto&,
puts a big profit on bacos because of
his risk, and the cattes roppers I,
to make all these people rich cat of
their me crop. when they coud4 make
the pork chaper tin the south than the
western farmer a. because of the
cLeap land and the gresat variety of
crope they an produce for the hogs
to sather for thenmelves
What do you think of the above
picture by Prof. W. . Masseyt Ia
it treT We regret to admit the cld
facts as stated by Professor Masy.
Now let up call ouar wife and ch-ldre
around the reside on a cold winter
night and make a evow to 1ve at home
practice the most rigid eaomary, and
stay out aof debt and the problems will
soon be solved. Then we will be Ia
dependent prosperous farmersr.
Work for Humnu.
When il fall and winter sadan
has been done thi utlilse the time
whenever the weather and codition
of the s·o wili permit ha plowrag
der all the regetable matter oa the
cultivated lands to furnsb bahures.
Whenever the weather is Munfit for
outdoor work we ean repair harness
and gear, work in the blacksmith shop,
and so on When the soil Is too wet
and the weather will permit, we eca
remove stumps, ostruct broiad bill
side embhankmeuts, repair ad bald
fences, whitewash eathoues and so
forth We shbould pe our time a
the winter more than do
Cotton Crop is OrateL
Cotts is the greateUt money eop
in the world As average crop of #
ton is a good thin fur the south-a
big crop is a adangerga thing e
seuth Let ea t sh latwmdui (pmw a
his duty into this martter neat year.
City Begin Meat laspeetle
Lso k.--laspectimr of mas
S to Itn U BooL y the thr
has beu ins arnest (Oft ald
sad Meat klaspetor , N. M
tnspected five be ves, N eg ge
thre eares the St day. Te ger_
des repeted eo luspetles t
raos r s- e
p~~dr 'r~rhiri~ -:
Providence, R. 1., enjoys the use of
the moot valuable poor farm owned by
any municipality in the world, all be
cause Ebeneser Knight Dexter In 1824
made a bequest leavipg a big. stone
strewn me-dow sad several parcels or
land for that purpose. Today the
property is valued at no leas than
$1,000,000, and It in the center Of one
of the most fashionable residence dis
tricts of Providence. But while this
is a poor farm it is a very exclative
one, to say the least. By the terms of
a very rigid and Iron clad will. none
can be admitted or assisted except
those who once owned and paid taxes
upon' real estate In Providence or
whose father or mother was a real es
tate taxpayer In that city. No other
Rhode Islanders and no person from
any other part of the United States
or from any foreign country may
knock at the portal to obtatn admit
tance and secare shelter and food.
The Dexter asylum is more than
self-supporting. With a limited at,
tendance, so to speak, It is said that
the interest on Investment or income
is enough to turnish every inmate a
trip to Europe each winter, with ac
commodailons at the best summer hoe
tels in the summer. During the hard
times' in Providence, when there was
a great need of work for poor people,
an old clause In the Dexter will pro
viding for a stone wall built around
the place was taken advantage Of and
many poor people were given worrt
WHY CONDUCTOR WAS MAD
Because Youth Disewned Acquainb
anoe With Woman Whose Pare
There was an uncomfortable congee
tion at the rear end of the pay-a-you
enter ear, evey one trying to get out
of the rain and mud and only a third
barving thpr nickels ready. A yorng
man gave the aondactor a quarter, re
ceived his fve nalcels and dropped
one of them Into the box. "He.'"
shouted the conductor. "pat to an
other nickgL" "What for? I ain't
two peopI." retorted the young mas
"Wel. who's that-woman up there?"
"I don't know. I never saw her be
"Well, she didn't pay." Bat the tn
-ant passengers demanded atten
tion ad the man at the box had to
drop the subject, although he leoked
Into the car later. glaring with edp
e·al dislva at the youth who d41
wned acquantance with the wemaU
whobee are remaned unpaid.
eane AN Right.
Wihle playing an eagsgment in
St. Iouis a couple e seaasm age, Tom
tewis struek up an acrmaltamoe with
a wealthy Texas*lving in the me
hotel There was a tall game hed-'
sled that dsr aween the Browns
and a visiting dub and Lewis ntated
his new tied to go out ad eeo ~
Thob batte was a particularl hot
one, the rme going to an elevea
Inna tie. Whoa the got back to
the hotel the Texas, who had beoese
imbued with sote of -tlwW e'n
aem a ribegat th ai p sees sand
eloae plays of e gsam to the hotel
"Wel," aid that worthy, "1' gad
you saw sneb a goe game."
"Wall. oew," said thd Teanm. "I ek
on a hew It wa a good gam all
right. Why, sr, them two vasel o
youngster fajust plte ad plavet t
plumb dark and ary as made art
Passhlg of time Tegp.
The passIng toda ofe the'old tell
gate at the nerther entrance to the
lty is well worthy Of the ewert.
artor, and general jublatin whisk
It has htpared StrE ers eontmtn
Balttaemoe by the Rdsterstown od
could hardly beMteve that this was
really a eity of the ab ft rdr. who
a vuage tacteOntry a~ gt.to ImIt
a bar ad <demmd their pgeLes e
re tUhey were permitted to enter the
soered mtrooitta sauhrn The
gonl roads rsvemeat. a wettleouty
urged and fosterd bf Govretr
,mothers and the flepoatic party.
has allready doSe more to inttll Ittle
and enterprise ad a eW spirit Lato
the eounties oft this state the all ot
er movemebts of recent years do
baed. The pasxn of the old toll
gate is .symbollecal of the new rder
and the larger spirit of eatprise
ad progreos.-Baltimere Ban.
It seem ths the averas perm of
today is always l ookig for quicker
modes of 'rep. If It Is not the an.
press trn or the high poer aboo
btt i tithe sea IMno a tho st a
to the thirttyts skyeteapr, two
tith for ete irto 514 t Ie yo
ever aedced the eesaltorts Ip the do
pertaent stores or the molvin statr
ways on thry "L statiost Did you
ever panso o wonder w v ye well
on the eoalator tnstead at remaion
still and aJlowu the stairway to do
"How funnay ne New Toit people
are!" satM a to n this eity the
other day "1 was Iu several of yOut
large deWtaet stoes and on some
of the L," otaticas. and I sw persus
walknlg e the es~aa tors reahg
theM top twce ns feet as th peruso
who ad the eldtashlubd stairway
It's theold desire @1 more speed."
Mr. J. l. Dtke's Peeghng.
In spite of the dstractioes of the
James BgaDuke bestows musch tt
•te he weo developi ne s an'
ltbl th, thotusend aee ao
tate, DuLe's Perk. her femervloi,. 1
j. Nl' ureqnueut on hs toui a
seeapeso ho permuar dL.ew ti
laborers One day he teok the pleogs
eem te hnap r or f . w aware
- ."esse. moTest:
ese a m me ew *e mew te
-leg a fn ee rye sot oSrg a.
t d ho tW k the plas a
._- a o 4 ama t wuoes spe
tds ho pid thvE'`~ b-i
ii~tltlrir~mr~, L~.~A%# C
LOOKING AFTER THr, DGTA.S.
Blnas-Wings would not pop to
his girl until he got oat in a boat.
Blas--He stutters and didn't want
her to have a chance to wet away.
"I want a put," suddenly announced
the petted, spoiled star.
"Yse. my dear Mis Starlite," meek
ly answered the loop suwering man
ager. "Shall 1 cll eao the confction
er or the prsei agent?"
"Did the slpger succeed ta getting
what suited her It as apartment!"
"Oh, yes. She todl m she bad a
suite thing in A at."
Is "o busof Wt Wl Jbr 8 o one -Y'
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To qrt its 5
name ad the