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Union of America
Matters tEpeca meau to
the hregressive Arickesisi
Let not the sun go down upon thy
Intolerance wins neither friends nor
"Dollar vision" is the enemy of real
One can't set the world on fire by
shooting hot air.
Flattery may be nice but its purpose
* Is questionable.
Honesty as a "policy" only is un
The discouraged man always has
the hardest row to hoe.
Go after the dollars, the pennies
will come tagging along.
It's the top dollar that puts the
cream into the cream check.
Law suits are dear at any price.
Avoid them if at the expense of your
Instead of worrying over past mis
takes, brace up and resolve to do bet
ter in the future.
Don't expect to have a bright and
happy home without good books,
Imusie and friends.
You will be much happier if you
don't try to get even with the man
who has injured you.
We are all inclined to consider a
man a anr fellow it he is a sood
listener to our hot air.
Yon have heard much about the
high cost of living but what about the
high oat of being a sport?
It is an old axiom, that it is hard
for an empty sack to stand straight;
but still harder for a lasy man to suc
ced as a farmer.
We have come to the conclusion
that a man who has got a bad heart
doesat need medicine-he needs re
ligie or a good beating.
Every "sure thing" has a string
tied to it somewhere, and some tricky
person at the other end of the string
is bound to Jerk as soon as the inano
cent party grabs for it.
The acet eiclent school is the
school in which the fartmer and their
wives take a keen lntcrest. The teach
s deserves co-operation and should
have it If you want the best results.
GIVE PREFERENCE TO COTTON
Many Ways in Which Merhants and
Others Can Help Greatest In
dustry In United States.
One of the great Sourtng mills has
adepted the policy of using cotton
bags for ts flour wherever the trade
-e he anduced to accept them. This
sheld be perfetly easy, except In
ertaln foreign lands where the peo
pee for some raso . prefer jute basp.
American merchants can help the
greatest industry in the United States
ib pushing on the market the beauti
ll table sand bed clothes made of cot.
toam They are flly the equal of linen
Sappearance and In serveableness.
COes wrappna twine has beee
dpted by the government depart.
meats at Washington. instead of the
hJmp sad Jute Abers.
Yr all purpos for which cotton is
adpted In pries and quality, cotton
should be give the prefersoce "Buy
a Mo" s a good slogan, but the mil
Mem who can bay only a tiny traction
et a bale may do so by giving pret
, oners to cotton where poslble. By
mo (lol they will serve the nation's
gratsd mt ad odeprned industary
-nd eve money.
CAREFUL PLANS FOR FARMING
8Stesm May Se M pped Out That
Will Cover Considerable Period
of Time-Meane Success.
The seucestful busines man is noet
a mre opportulat. H prakes care
lt plans constructs a earefl systq,
whieh may cover a lon period of
yere. Clreumstances may arise which
eaes him to alter his plans in do
tal, but rarely la the larger oudlas.
Like anyar other sort of busdnees.
highldy sucessrl frmies requires
eaneul plaanng. A sysm may be
w oed out that wl cover a consid
erable period of time To make no
pleaus beod a stgle season is to In.
vte loss and poslbly oeven disaster.
The suceseful farmer lays plans
for epplagn systems, ep rotations,
the raleag of hlve sek, the mprove
ment of his property, advertelsn, and
numeroeas other matter With this(M
asu a bals, he moves coaSdently Into
the futue Conditions may oneesl
tate alteratios in detals, but the
plaus If properly aid wil remain in
large meaure the Nme and will lead
to lenrwelang scess
DietMue for Planting
Curruts and rooseberries, three to
fer feet apart.
spberries sad blackberrie three
to ive by four to seven feet apart.
Strawbrrtes for field culture, one to
two by thruee to four feet apart
Itrawberrie, gardean culture, one to
two feet apart
Prlitable arm ullding.
There is probably no tarm building
that pays a better proot dolluar for
dollar than the shed that keeps mas
alersy from the weather.
Peemnsi for pore.
ipetriments reoetly completed by
the r t of agrieulture show
that peanuts esa be proftably used
as onge for eattle in the eouth At
lnte statees where the greow so
abedestly., Anlmal dIsplay ua al
maet bh bbeedns r penaeut ad
thuive es then.-Mlessea 8toeoman.
Subeatute for Awalta .
When seetr bant met eles
Sa wry geld Smub ute hi at -
Sosee w bah, i p.nnlee.vwabe
"rbliiene t.as a, : .
FAILURES IN CO-OPERATION
Invariably Traced to Bad Management
or Graft, or Seth--General Sy
tern Is Approaching.
in the United States thege are a
large number of co-operative assoca
tions. Not all of them have succeeded
by any means but where there has
been a failure it invariably can be
traced to bad management. or graft,
or both. We do not have however.
anything approaching a general sys
tem of co-operation in this country,
but in my Judgment we are evolving
toward that condition, writes T. A.
.icNeal in Farmers Mall and Breeze
The fact that the competitive sys
tem, if it can be called a system, is
wasteful, uneconomic, brutal and final
ly leads to the destroying of the gov
ernment, war and finally anarchy, is
gradually permeating the minds even
ef men who have themselves profited
most from the system. When a Gug
genheim declares that "every worker
is entitled to a job and that the gov
ernment should see that he gets it,"
with a good deal more along the same
line it would seem that new light is
I do not look for geteral co-opera
tion to be brought about by a sudden
revolution. It will come about gradu
ally, spreading until ft covers the en
tire nation. It will n:ot then be one
system but a large number of sys
tems working together in harmony.
There will be national cooperation.
concerning matters that are naturally
and properly national The railroads
for example, will be owned by the na
tion. There will be a system of banks
owned and operated by the govern
ment to facilitate the exchange of
commodities There will be govern
ment warehouses in which commodi
ties that are not easily perishable will
be stored. There will be public works
to develop such resources as are na
tional In character, such as the build
int of Interstate railroads; the improv
ing dt navigable rivers; the develop
ing of the waterpower of such rivers.
There will be state cooperation
along lines that may be determined
properly to come withir the jurisdlc
tion of states. Such I think would be
the constructing of wagon roads, for
example. There will be cooperation
in the lesser municipalities such as
cities, towns, counties and townships
concerning matters that are local in
their character and which can be bet
ter managed in a local way than by
either the nation or the state. All
these co-operative units will work to
gether harmoniously but to a large
degree independently, each within its
own proper sphere, just as there are
in the universe an infinite number of
systems, each perfect within Itself but
all moving together in perfect har
FARMERS IN GOOD POSITION
Somebedy Most Raise Food Products
to Supply European Natlons
Demand for Ne*eesities.
The farmers of this country should
take courage, no matter how general
the effect of the great war. The posi
tion of the American farmer is the
most secure of all the classes. He
is at least sure of a living, with shel
ter and plenty to eat, says American
Cultivator. No other large class can
be sure of that muck,. but there is
more than merely security for the
While the rest of the world's pro
ducers are fightting and consuming
tood products, somebody moust raise
more food, and nowhere else In the
world is there such a great area of
the best of food-producing land, under
intelligent management and worked
with modern machinery. Under the'
spur of high prices the sol1 of our
farms could be made to produce far
more than at present. The crop of
most farms could be doubled if the
price of the product looked attrao
it seems quite certain that the no
oesaities of life will go higher in prieo,
not only for this year, but for the naet.
The farmers of Europe who are now
in the armies will hardly be able to
do much with this years crop, nsor
probably with the crop for next year.
There will surely be a great dimculty
in maintainint the food supply of the
populous nations of Europe. There
may be dlmculty In secnurln means
of shipment, and it may be hard fior
the buyers to finad the cash, but these
needs will have to be met by the peo
ple of Europe. Both those at war and
those at peace must be fed. Our ex
porters are not very likely to sell any- ,
thing unless paid for in aduance. ev
oral of the nations that are usually
the chief customers In food products
will be likely to control the sea, and
thus all 7 free shipment of food. at
test to their own ports. It will be
a time when the demand will be for
the necussites rather than the lux
rlesa. There will be, perhaps less
mosey, both at home and abroad, to
spend for fruit and garden track,. but
the demand will be enormous for such
staples as grain. flour, meats and po
tatoes, and even for the less needftl
food articles like butter, cheese and
May 8somes Cannibals.
In early spring young chliks con
ined closely to brooders, the Leghorns
particularly, may become cannibae
and take to eantlng each other. Pree
rene is the best cure Watch for the
rlgleader and when you find which
one starts the trouble cut the ends of
his bill, cuttln one part a little short
er than the other, so that when the
bill s closed a small opening an be
Testingu the Eggs
After eggs have been in the anes
bator for a week, they should be tested
to see tf they eoatatn a developlag
germ Hold a Ighted lamp or eandle
behtad each es An tnfertile s win
be found to be absoutely dear, whDe
a fertile es will have a dark spot in
the eanter. Inertile gs hoUl be
taken away and fraL es, earoajuln
dated. put in thelr lees.
.srdoi Deekr se WeevL
btit-w bind m kbnown in be an
emis f the sm beE wveL
KIN6 6EOR6E REVIEWS THE CANADIAN TROOPS
Above. Canadian artillery marching pat the reviewing stand at Sallbury Plaa Below, an Labatry brigade
from Canada. in both photographs ing George anrdrd KEtl r are to be seen In the r eviewig saat
··rw ------------ Y--------------
BEARS KILL SALMON
Alaskan Bruin Slays Them for
Food and Sport.
Can Eat 500 Pounds at One Meal
Gulls and Terns Also Among
Causes for Waning Fish sup
ply in Northern Rivers.
Bears that fish in shallow water and
galls and terns that pluck out the eyes
of their prey are destroying millions
of Alaskan salmon, according to E.
Lester Jones, deputy commissioner of
the bureau of fisheries, who was sent
to Alaska last summer to investigate
the causes of the waning salmon sup
ply. The bears, he says, are the worst
offenders, because they haunt the
ing season, and, besides killing huge
quantities for food, slay many thou
sands of others Just for the pure joy
of the sport.
The commissioner in his report tells
how at Black Bear creek in the Cleve
land peninsula he found the shores for
150 feet on both sides littered with
hundreds upon hundreds of humpback,
silver and chum salmon that had been
tossed out of the water by bears.
Hardly any of the fish had been mu
tilated except by the marks of the
bear's claws on their backs. AR that
was eaten was the "cheek" of the sal
mon, the bear, according to Commis
sioner Jones, being very fastidious and
preferring that pert to any other.
As the bears in Alaska are the larg
eat in the world and are noted for
their ravenous appetites, it is easy to
realize how much damage they can do.
On Kodiak island, where the fall
grown bear weighs three-quarters of
a tono, the deputy commissioner
learned from a native that one of
these giants could eat a third of his
own weight in salmon in a single day.
"As in other parts of the territory,"
Mr. Jones remarks, "this bear also
throws considerable numbers of fish
out of the water, many of which it
may never care to touch for food."
While wolves and eves eagles ate
also doing much harm, Mr. Jones
found that still greater destruction
was caused by gulls and tors. De
scribing his visit to Sierra creak on a
rainy day at low tide, be says:
"My attention was first attracted by
a movement d. birds in the water and
MRS. MI'CANN AND HER BOYS
America's first (and only) "Twilight
Twains" had their initial ride in an au
tomobile, when their mother, Mrs.
Bessie McCann of Brooklyn, took them
to a "Twilight Bleep" lecture held at
the Brooklyn Academy of Music, un
der the auspices of the Twilight
Sleep association. The "Twilight
Twins" are both boys--and two more
healthy boys cannot be found. They
were born In the Klngs County bho
pital a month ago, while their moth
er was under the influence of the new
method uas practiced by the Frelburg
specialists of Germany. The asoeiLa
tion is planning a tour of the more
important cities in the United States
in order to educste women to the ad
vantages of the Twiltht Sleep and
see that physicins use none but the
approved method in administering the
scopoieamin-morphin treatment TwI
light mothers will be the priacipal
AUTO CONQUERS ANGRY BULL
PolluI Pionicker Sets Stage fee Trag
edy, but QuOiek-Witted Chaufeur
West Orange, N. J.-Thirty mem
brs o( a Bible clas a Newark
chmrek bad a hall outing in the Pleas I
-aate sein of the Orage mon
talus; several had sorrow esapes
m dGets; as satLmeBe was den- I
a i dm s e sw tsts s s t e tlsea
teeth, be teena em at the glmiehes
MRS. S. W. GROTE
Mrs. 8. W. Grote left New York re
cently on the steamer Holls Olan for
Risa, Russia, where, in fulfillment of
her husband's last request, she will
sprinkle his ashes on his old home
stead. Twelve days after their wed
ding Grote, fearing the time might
come when she would no longer love
him, ended the honeymoon by suicide.
Her husband was the brother of
the Imperial physician of the csar's
court. Mrs. Grote, who is known as
Doctor Grote, is a woman of unusual
charm and is of Swedish birth. Grote
left all his property to his wife.
along the banks. As I drew nearer I
saw thousands of salmon fighting their
way up the shallow stream, and
among these fish were the gulls, pick
ing out first one eye and then the
other. I flushed this enormous horde
of galls, which I believe numbered at
least 10,000. Going closer to the
stream, I found humpback salmon
flopping everywhere, with their eyes
gone and otherwise mutilated from
the picking and clawing of these
birds. I estimated that on this creek
alone there were within sight 5,000
fish either dead or dying that had
To remedy this condition Mr. Jones
makes several novel suggestions. The
ease with which the bears and gulls
prey upon salmon, he says, is due If
large measure to, the number of ob
structions in streams which they fre
quent in the spawning season. Be
sides the falls and other natural bhr
riers, some of the rivers have not
been kept clear of timber and other
obstructions, and are consequemtly
providing ideal fishing grounds for the
natural enemies of the salmon. Whole
schools are halted on their way up
stream by these obstructions, with the
result that the fish tfall back e*sust
ed Into, shallow water, only to be
preyed upon by bears and glls.
The commissioner mentions a sum
ber of streams where this is espedally
true, and urges that the goveramest
appropriate sumclent money to have
the worst obstructions removed. The
falls In many places, he says, could eas
Ily be blasted to give the salmons a free
passage. In other places, where dyes
mite is tmpractahible, the coastretcts
of "fish ladders" is recommeaded.
"The investment of a few thousand
dollars on all of these streams," says
the commissioner. "would mesa a
great return in the future As the result
of opening up additional natral
spawning groun4s a ye at alst who
Farewell to White reaLd.
Berlin.-The proprietor of a prm
nent Berlin reetaurant reoutly gave
a "whlte roll" banquet at which the
white bread was served for the last
time, its consumption being forbi
Germans Coeeate sCeper.
Amsterdam.-To provide agmit a
copper famine in Germany the kaiser's
troops are said to Lhave osuseated
all brass doorknobs, oaadedork and
other brass and biromas trtmr in Bl
wanted to have a ttl#e fu.
The party omeyed to the m*a
tains in two lars automei trueo s
and had iunehse as the Vhlaat urm.
One of the men wanted to mo thin
enlivened a ILttl ad took down the
bars eparaty the 36al smUak
from a pastm ot. The mn w
eating at two lg tabes whim a
Holstelin buNl the prt m d
charsed mo et tho m- toek to
the trues, eages dig aee the
takMes, · i Is - · m~
tad ome ng i e t sLs -- b
Weary German Soldiers Forage
for Starving, Little One.
Sturdy Warrior Wit Ptsher of Milk
Plays Nurse and eods Whi
Tears Roll Dewn His
Berlin. - How Geran soldmers
saved the life of a French baby is
told In a letter wr ltm by an alder.
man of a West Prustlas city who Is
serving as a battallom adjutant at the
"We had taken the village by
storm," be writes. The enemy had to
be driven from every single homes,
every barn and ever shed. 8till we
were within the teah of their eld
guns and so it was impessible for our
commissary departmast to furnlah us
anything to est. We had to subsest
on what we ould Lad in the village
Luckily we discovered a cow In one
of the baLn, se eof our men were
fortunate In eLpturing two pigs and
the followel alght two steer were
brought it om the pature outsde
the village. S the meat question was
rsolved for som days to coma
"But we had hardly anything to
drink, the water was drty and scarea.
Besides, or ea expected something
better and strger.
I "We srearched every house, went
into every cllar, rept through every
garret sad found aatbin Finally
one of eur mea ealled my attention
to another house which we ad
missed. I was badly damaged by
shell. The stables were moetly
burned down. The yard was covered
with reach nifarms, bloody cleth
Ing, gums and the remnante of slageh
I " the seellr of this hose we ds
Shuman be . There were
I six wmea ud eight ehildra had,
Sdle together. I aske4 them whethr
they had had anhthld to eat and
they told me the German soles had
gives them bread. soup and some
"While talkng to the womes I
heard the hamt cry of baby, and In
looknlg. areeadM I discovered in e
of the eorners a youmg mother hold
Slag a six mouths' old achild to her
breast. I inquired whethe the child
Swas lek sad the mother told me it
was starlg. It had ot had any
milk for two days
"It -em the womes had told our
soldters about the baby, but they had
not understood what was wasted.
Then I remembered we had kept the
ew we found two days ago in our
bars. So we went for thm eow.
"'One of my m volunteered to
milk and got busy. But there was no
milk. I e e another soldier to
milk, but the reult was the ams-
negative. The idea struek m that
wherL so many soldies wanted 'lk
for their coes the sew might have
been milked dry. So I laced a
guard ito fat od the ow's stall and
ordered him to let o me come Dar
"Thre hours later we tried agal
and were overred when we obtained
a pitcher futll of milk. Immediately
we made hase for the cellar where
the baby was stll eryang. It did et
ry very mnuch loI er.
"The wiem were prefuse In their
thanks sad one of my men who esn
rie the pitcher s olde them fsr
making so much noise. He was mad
because tears were rlNag dewn his
cheeks. He himself is 5a ther ef
several mall chldre."
Girl Fights l* Many Saettlee.
Petro.ra.-Olsp rrsmlht- , a
anlnetwm-earr ad forl ght L19 bat
ties n Planm before she was weud.
aedt the foot ad her sex was
onred. A tourth desgrse t. Georse's
cross has bes awarded her is. the
Use New SMeld.
Petrerad.--The Rtuaas are asueg
a new ftm of sheld which rues em
whels, covers six em abreasLt and
stops rile and Mai bullets.
Peashegs ee Rele.
ach South AMri~cues estch rmer
will giv e e peaud of ostrich asthere
to the British ad Be relsIa ef fms.
Three - took refuge s a sa
moIa This was chars by th enl
and hiy damaged. One eo . -m
is the tree, whe he saw * bua
-ores i hat esstlsm, folbae and
fd to the ou4. Te prav lhi
blag ged, the hutsr a e el
the astm s tvea the ear betwem the
ma ad the best. TLhe baln was
ready to eherge whim the ease r
put e power m "butted the M
mL ta te net I. The ase wen
b n an ais 55 se and - mau
i Ao a SMd
NOT FOR THE STOUT
SHORT, PULL SKIIRTS ADAPTED
FOR SLIM FInURES.
Average Woman of Middle Age Will
Flad It Hard to Wear the Caming
StylekOne of the oew
Although the outlane of the momeat
cannot be said to be "early Victorlan,"
because of the generous dimensieUs et
the waist, it is yet tree that from the
waist down the newest outlia recall
the quaint fashions which were lan to
gue whea the great Queen Victoria
was a young girl.
There Is the same very short, and
very full shirt and-more often than
anot-the came shapeles coatee which
opena In tront over a lttle lace or tulle
It may be said at ones that the
gowns of the immediate future wil be
eceedingly attractive when worn by
Just the right girl or woman, bet it is
hard to sea how they ean be made
Possible for the averge womasn of
thirty-are or forty.
Of course, It Is true that oar drem
makers are clever at arranging and al
teryin eisting style. to sait tndividual
forms, but at the same time the tfact
remains that a very short, full skirt
an aever look really well on a stoat
The Illusnetration shows one of the
new picture hats ade of white vel
vet. The Sat brim Is double and the
trimmlngs consist of a quaint cockade
made of black mroire rlbboa and sable.
This model has been carrl.4 out In
dark blue mirror velvet and also in a
heavy make of black satin.
The important point is that the trim
ming should be qlite small, br uameom
An Early pring Medal by Jane," a
White Velvet Hat With a Doule
mrlm and Quaint Ceearde of Sabit
anad Moire Ribbon.
man and erigins L s lt brImmed hats
of thi order wBi be very popular aD l
through the sprig and summer. They
wn aset be eagserated large and I
the trimming wil always be of the
This is a hape which may be said
to be unversally beomiusg and for
this reason we !ad It revived again
LAST WORDIN RIIBBON STYLES
MEte of Ieopertnse WhIsh Wemen
WIN Do WeN tM Keep ia
Watch out for velvet ribbon
are to be used very freely this spre
and summer for dress trimag
Also be on the lookout for talet
ribbons i marrow styles act er as
lah ada e~half wide with aord
edges and rather thin teature.
Thes rI llh broadly uaed ad cspe
tliny smart in the m rew etdlor
In the mlltney se.s t roeague r
rbhoa trimminge will felow that
which now ezssts hr vegetahie trim.
a war te eets.
It Lin posadle Dr hat triiage t
boome very dead t sa ribboa
trimmings thin sason.
The bend and eamer styrl are
ilndicted as wel am brim facngs of
esgellne and veile ribbons are also
a the taps.
ebrlderahs t narrow. velves s.
hen ad seotasbe brsMe wIll b am t
trimmaIns hr eleth, musli and sla
NOT HARD TO CLEAN HATS
ittie Ned s Despair Whe Mutterl
er Renovat tn e mees e eta Prs
isp Nesees.. t
An lsk sadet sitaeveoway inelen tu
etr sad gaoine, ruIbt itl the at h 1
ad hed Iat I th str. Whe dryi a
'wl look ust ike new, wih al dust
atd g mr k mb gPi
To ela whIte ples, tks e o- n
*e se very Greatly Free. These
That IIoe sees gpolar o
The aew sping drensse represnst a
age ina silhouette, rispnes of ma g
besh tnd el ti deniss. As the I
wIdMer ad wMder, h avin iady
reabhed the tbred se a b ard *
width The normal ahd the ah wais t
ne se both sno(
Coat drenses inelade malary seseto.
beloe Jeckha and varleus Dtcbh, hen
elan end peasant esbets. gesessa
the east in the bodies of the ress.
Tasets ad hile eausntato mean 1
Pleuncee, rue see as drastesI
are used When th chht doee set I
wroeh below the akles. bh wald ee
Is ehertmed WIth tngagr sres es ,
here - pared, beeses, auu a
gislied me dhSCen ag
Worth mde l atirn ua mw ll k*
oe Iof tae taffe with red Ieu, .
ry ull sr, shiee; dark Mus
sath we and head amend arbk
Nat s ape esa shape s
WeoU, eer ko t ro e el Mas
skirt, wth riee0 velvet rlmeen
Pmuesl s ef dark ie eLtk.
two arts. Jeat a ttle moram in ee
art than in the other. Tab. em, I
ot seorw ad m wtVa ththeger . I
them shako the aome thurel id
this part sad rne it i t he m
puart. shask wei the air
ad to tr the odor t the
one The thed smni e and .'isa
that are so mesrk sed at geat m..
Me slased ar rshedte$ h wlt -
them with a tsthbreak that has ash .
dipped trt is akws sad thms in a.
A good way to dsseshlhiea's aW
sets made from Angors wool is ts igg
tacum powd throwgh thes rte!h '
theo i tthe heads as it waeig. t
them away for half a day, them eaevet -
all tracs of powder hr shaking. sht,
will be as white sad stuff as wha
DESIGNED FOR THE EVENTi
Ceuetaw s Triumph CMade Ma eMsg
The evoalg gowam shews in
drawing would have bees 1d'
whatever colors had bes choses lilt
Its deasig, but developed tI lak o
white It has acquiresd dsetletis. 2
graceful all of an Over the *s01d
w e us M ask telvet f a -
rmoler" girce arlis thinga a
ast artleot ebeet has beem a -esa ,".
Th r oM bee oe tMe skM r ht
o sl twegatoe the plses with l
kews at i ers se ba. ol te e.n~i
Is o stkiIo d u orbi Ws a
tus s sd sb a ebe4 in Ma
fma fubsh of the samun TMa ta
e-a types of yhoks are sed. s eess
hip fe, whie ethoes are skeet b
some have a ham s o the met erm
of mobs of padmabtle widtsa or wh
tuses arrmagd shot sh insbe. apew
fre th skirt edge in the be mob
a praatleal trimming. dae# s
sad ether sb Gbrim have
ame dgis a aaskirt oga bat
-es with amey bpr ses o mrl
r self materint
e te herm tUrlns in mre l suaw
th a fetas psaisest iO asae -n
shi new thas Ma mede s res
earm boomins Ma r e. ins d
ItulObes oflseamini em
Ib)meY... as n Mme