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HUNGRY WOMEN BESIEGE NEW YORK CITY HALL
,',e , at \."L 1 York .,,y l 1" " h ll lh.\11ng te 1ooti l'ott'r itn'l tll \ , , ltmt lll tl illg tht'. step' inl flt.ir etttorlt to
see M vor Mitchel. 'T'hi first of the pollce res*' es have arrivedl ainl Ire sltoppinzg the first rush. Thousands of wom
en from the East sidell and other sections of the city open.,, a crusl.aell against the high cost of living and started by
raldling push-cart peddlers whi, ha,, rx'net,, their prices.,. They then lmarched In a disorderly body to the city hall to
enlist the mayor's aid in their tight ,against the rising cost of nece.ssities.
IVERNIA SURVIVORS AFLOAT ON A RAFT
r together on this s rft these survivors of the transport erni fed the edterr i her..... .. .... . .....i n
sunk a subr t tri in the Mediterranetan e reeently while carrying troops. One hundred and fifty-three uhnl , in
cludingr 33 menhsers of the crew, perished. The last tan to leave t th ship was the skipper, Capt. William T. Tur
ner, who commanded the Lusitania when she, too, was torpeTdoed by a German submarine.
enlstthern3 o'saidinlii i tihtg i'ttherkng os t ( ssiti
IVERNA SURIVOR AFLOT ON RAF
FIRE ON BATTLESHIP IN MIDOCEAN
Mtlaze on the battleship W\yonming at sea .hich was quickly ,extinguished
by the perfectly trained crew. Each man rushed to his arranged station, the
water compartments were closed and preparations made to flood the maga
nlaes if necessary.
STEAMER THAT WILL BRING GERARD HOME
It is expected that Ambass.ador Gerard and his suite will come back to
America on this steamer, the Infanta Isabel, a Spanish liner.
"She has designs on him."
"Oh. since Christmas. when he start
ed wearing the suspenders she em
broidered for hlm."-Boston Tran
Aaother victory reported in Mme
"WI worn this time!"
"arro sa's troops. illsa wa yes
. . you hew."
Johnson-What was the idea at
putting that old bore Blokey on the
list of speakers at the banquet?
Thompson-Oh, that's all right! We
put him last on the list. We want
the party to break up some time, don't
"What's this calory staff people are
'Tm not sue, but I tnlak its a
mew brand of breakfast food."
ENLISTING IN THE NAVY
The possibility of seeing actual
service in the navy has speeded up re
cruiting in that branch of the military.
The photograph shows an applicant in
the Brooklyn recruiting office under.
going medical -examination.
From Foreign Lands.
The sea-faring young man had writ
ten his mother an unusually affection.
i:te letter. He was coming home, he
said, and was bringing her a number
"of presents. among them a striped
Japanese kimono. The mother got the
-ense of most of the letter unaided
tut, finding herself unable to grapple
with all her son'k big words, she hand
ed it to the visitor for a second
"A striped Japanese kimonol" the
visitor exclaimed, when she came to
that part of the letter. "How nice I"
"Nice l" exclaimed the perplexed old
tId(y. "You may think so, but will you
kindly tell me what I am to do with
such a thing? I suppose I can keel
it tied up in the backyard, but what
on earth am I to feed it on goodnes
only knows l"
Judge-You say you're a colleg
graduate. What colleget
Prisoner-The University of Hard
Knocks, fellow in the Ball pad Chali
society, and a Gray Frtir for aever
years.-Star of Hope.
Make It Whleper
The Husband-It promdses wea.
The Artist-Yes I It will be a spea.
The Hurand--Tbn perhaps yru'e
better tonme t down Jst a ltde.-b
Ten Minute Classics I
Famous Tales and Legends Told in Brief Form !
Zadig, a Mesopotamian Predecessor of Sherlock Holmes
By J. WI., MULLER
Copyrighi by J. W. Muller
Babylonita's ancient land, uwhere a
British army was besieged on, The Ti
gris river by the Turks, was used
by Voltaire as the scene of his great
philosophical romance "Zadig." The
story told here portrays Zadig in a
role strikingly like thaf played by
Conan Doyle's "Sherlock Holmes"
or Poe's "M. Dupin" in modern lit
In the days of King Moabdur of
Bab3lonia there dwelt in the city of
Babylon a rich man named Zadig. Tal
ented, accomplished, handsome and
healthy, he still was unhappy. He had
been disappointed more than once in
friendship and finally most sorely in
love. Convinced that destiny lies in
wait for the ambitious and distin
guished, he withdrew to a simple coun
try home on the Euphrates river.
Being resolved not to tempt fate, he
looked about for an occupation that
promised the least possible entangle
ment with the ways of providence, and
decided upon the study of nature.
One day as he -strolled in a grove
near his home, a troop of otlicials and
slaves ran up to him and asked: "Have
you seen the queen's (log?"
"Was it a small (log?" asked Zadig.
"If ss, such a dog has passed here. It
had beautiful long ears and it limped
slightly with the right forefoot."
"Then you have seen it!" cried the
"No," said Zadig. "I have not seen
It. In fact, I did not even know until
this moment that the queen owns a
Before the astounded man could re
ply, another party of officers and serv
ants appeared, exclaiming breathlessly
that the king's finest horse had ytrayed.
"Was it bitted with gold?" asked Zn
dig. "A horse thus bitted, and shod
with silvqr, galloped through here. It
nhad a maniflicent stride and gait. and
was of the purest blood. WVas not its
tall at least four and one-half feet
"Yes! Yes!" said the master of
horse eagerly. "In which direction
did it run? Where is it now?"
"I have not seen it," answered Za
dig. "This is the first time that I
knew the king had such a horse."
The men of both parties stared at
each other for a moment. Then with
out a word they pounced on Zadig
with: "Thief! You shall learn what
it means to trifle with the property of
The slaves hustled him to the city
of Babylon, not without presenting him
with many undesired bruises. He was
led at once before the chief council
and charged with having stolen the
dog and the horse of the royal family.
The tale told by the officers was so
convincing that the council did not per
mit Zadig to speak, but sentenced him
at once to imprisonment for life.
Just as he was being led away, beg
ging vainly for leave to say a word in
defense, messengers arrived with the
news that the missing anilmals had
been found. The council perceived the
painful necessity of rescinding its sen
tence; but it felt justified in fining
Zadig 400 ounces of gold for asserting
that he had not selesomething when
he had already adfltlted that he had
Again Zadig asked for permission to
make a trifling explanation, but the
judges decided after earnest consulta
tion that the fine must be paid first.
after which he might address the
Zadig sent for the gold and paid it
over with many a sigh. Then he bowed
low and said:
"Oh. stars of justice, abysses of wis
dom, mirrors of truth! Since It is per
mitted that I speak before your illus
trious gathering, hear me while I swear
by Ormuzd that never did my eyes be
hold the honored dog of our gracious
queen nor the sublime horse of the
king of kings I Listen, Oh ye pillars of
charity and tolerance! I was strolling
In the grove when I observed the trail
left by a small animal in the sand.
Having trained myself to study nature
minutely, I kne# at once that it was
the track of a dog, and from the size
and depth of the indentations I de
duced that It was a small one. Tiny
marks along both sides of the line of
footprints indicated to me that the ani
real had very long ears, for they hung
so low as 'to brush the ground.
"It was an easy mnatter, Oh mercitful
ones, to discover that the respected
dog of our most mighty queen limped
with one foot, if one may venture to
utter a remark so disrespectful.
"is to the noble horse of the king of
ita," continued Zadig, "I saw the
hoofprtnts of a steed, and I knew at
once that it was of purest blood, for
no 'other would have had hoofs so
small and dainty. The imprints told
me, also, as they would tell anyone
who knows horses, that it had a mag
nifilcent strldb and that its gait was of
the best, befittling its birth.
"As I followed the trail, I reached a
path only seven feet wide, and I no
ticed that the dust had been swept
from the palms on each side. I fadged
that this most have aen done by tit
animal's tall aod It was simple to cal
culate that the taill must be a beautiful
one, afully four and a half feet long.
"I knew that it had shoes of sliver,"
said Zadig, "for I found the mark of
slver" on a stone that It had spurned
in its alight. On a rockywall in a nar
row revine I founmd a mark that told
me that the bone probably wore bits
of gold, fr I saw where the animal
had happened dlose t a rock and
peratehed it with its bit.
"'Thus," he comncled, bowing againa
"was I slse, Oh wels of humanity, to
dserbe tnth e rolyal oAcers both the
dog and the horsn, though most verny
I -nrw haf- sIther."
Pvwiabsi aen adinred hAdl's won
derful gifts of ohervati^n and ldediuc
tion thait the queen ordered, his line to
be rtvnditted. This was done with great
ceremony. 'Thi actuaries. court attend
ants, law interpreters and counlcillors
brought the 4)X1 ounces back into the
council chamltber where it was deliv
ered to ZLtdig after the court had de
ducted only "38 ounces for court costs.
Zadig thanked the court heartily for
its genierosity, but when he departed
he made the vow that never again
would he tell anything that he knew.
A few weeks later a fugitive from
justice passed his house in flight. Za
dig was standing at the window and
saw him, but-when the pursuing offi
cers inquired of him, he declared that
he was ignorant of anything and
Unfortunately a witness appeared
who had seen Zadig at the window,
whereupon the unlucky young man
was fined 5(1) ounces of gold with a
promptness that did credit to the celer
ity of the justice in Babylon.
"Alas!" said Zadig. "I know now
that it is Impossible to evade destiyW."
Francois Marie Arouet de Vol
taire (1694-1778) wrote "Zadig" to
convey, in the form of a romance,
his philosophical ideas regarding
human life and destiny. It is a
brilliant satire, but its teachings are
cynical and coldly intellectual.
Apart from this, howe'ver, and read
purely as a story, it is wholly de
lightful. Its dual qualities of enter
tainment and philosophy! are equaled
only in "Gulliver's Trarels" by Jon
athan Swift (1667-1745).
FINALLY STRIKES A CHORD
There's Often Some Sort of Compen
sation for Struggles of Ama
Soiietitmes, of a witching night,
when we all are keyed for the music
in d utsidl' circumstances biehave in
llnormal fashionli, there clinits an expteri
ence worth all the years of scratchy
scales th1:at went beftore, says a writer
in the Atlantic Monthly. We are in
the nmidst of the Larghetto, in the "Sec
ond Symilphiony," perhllaps. I am not
conducting, neither is Endicott. Per
haps Beethoven prefers to conduct the
Larghetto himself., And then, sudden
ly, as one sometimes on a journey be
comes vividly aware of a breeze and
blue distance, and firm hills beneath
his feet, I really hear the chord that
we are playing. It is no longer a meas
ured flow of mingled sound, but dis
tinct, exquisite, richly personal to me.
There is the queer little rush of the
accent that comes from the first violin
when Margaret is really stirred; the
cello's full response, vibrant but soft
with hiddeh masses of covered tone. I
can feel my own little' second fiddle
ouivering beneath my bow. There is
sotne curious connecting of the spirit
in the playing of a chord. Again and
again we find It. Probally these mo
ments are what we live for, varied
trough our programs always are.
DOG'S TAIL A SAFETY VALVE
Scientific Explanation of Reason for
Wagging With Which We Are All
of Us Familiar.
A dog whips his tall to and fro to ex
press feelings he cannot put into
It is his own code and varies ac
cording to the message he wishes to
flash on his rearward semaphore. He
has a short twitching motion that ex
presses anxiety and Interest, a violent
lashing that makes known his enthusi
asm and affection, a steady whipping
from side to side. that spells hunger,
and a motionless droop that signals de
feat and discouragement. Canine ex
perts have always been able to read
these wigwaggtngs, but it took science
to explain why the dog used them.
When a dog is pleased and delighted
he must have some outlet for his feel
Ings. Just as a bashful boy twirls his
cap or twists about in his chair, or a
person tickled by some humorous sally
rolls on the floor and holds his sides,
the dog wags his tall. The human
beings in the situations described
above are striving to relieve the strain
on their nerves. Embarrassment must
be relieved through some outward t-on
vulsion of the muscles.
The dog becomes filled with joy and
his tall, like a safety valve, takes the
pressure off his nervous system.
Get the Habit
Good cheer Is a great lubricant. It
oils all of life's machinery. Good cheer
is a great producer. It adds wonder
fully to one's active ability and in
creases mental and physical power. It
makes host of friends and helps us to
be interesting and agreeable. Good
cheer will attract more customers, sell
more goods, do more business with less
wear and tear than almost any other
quality. Optimism Is the greatest
businessgetter, biggest trader, truest
Sachiever in the world.' Pessimism has
sever done anything but tear down and
destroy what optimism has built up.
In the business omce, in soclety, in
politics, in workshops, everywhere, the
favorite is always the cheerful tellow
with the bright umile and bright
Amerlea First Musieal Composer.
America's Arst masleal composer of
any note was William Billings, who
was born in Boste. In his yeoth he
was a tanner, but love tfor muse led
aim to becnme a teacher of singing and
a composer of paalm tunes, whlcb
eventualIy foad their way into evry
ebureh chaoir t Nw lragld and be
came eat tveritea with the ipeopt
IMPORTANT USES FOUND FOR SOY BEAN
FINE FIELD OF SOY BEANS ON PURDUE FARM.
(From the United States Department of
Few agricultural products can be
utilized in such a great variety of ways
I as the soy bean. The whole beans may
be utilized for food as are the seeds of
other legumes, or the oil alone may be
consumed. The oil resembles that of
cotton seed in many ways, but is of a
more pronounced drying character. In
addition to its availability as a food,
soy-bean oil has found important uses
in the markets of the world for making
paints, varnishes, soaps, rubber substi
tutes, linoleum, waterproof goods and
lubricants. It is also used in the Orient
for lighting and in the manufacture of
In Japan the soy bean forms one of
the most important articles of food in
use. It is one of the principal ingredi
ents in the manufacture of shoyu (soy
sauce) miso (bean cheese), tofu (bean
curd), and natto (steamed beans). The
beans are eaten also as a vegetable and
in soups; sometimes they are picked
green, boiled and served cold with soy
sauce, and sometimes as a salad. A
"vegetable milk" is also produced from
the soy bean, forming the basis r the
manufacture of the different~dffs of
vegetable cheese. This pflk is used
fresh, and a form of condensed milk is
manufactured from it. All of these
foodstuits are used daily in Japanese
homes and for the poorer classes are
the principal source of protein.
Used in "Diabetic" Foods.
The use of the meal remaining after
the oil is extracted from soy beans has
become an important factor in several
European countries during the last few
years, and to some extent in America,
as a food of low starch content. Soy
beans contain at the most but a slight
trace of starch, and extensive exper
ments in America and Europe indic
the value of the bean and its produ s
as the basis of foodý for person-re
Iquiring a low stg~~ . Soybn
flour enters lasIelys a .nstituent in
many of the so-called diabetic breads,
biscuits and crackers manufact ne
food specialties. The flour or mnl
be used successifty in the ho d t
as a constituent of muffins, bread and
biscuits in much the way in which
cornmeal is used
An artificial milk like that manufac
tured in the Orient has been produced
in small quantities in the United States,
and recently a factory has been
equipped to make this product. Such
milk can be used for cooking in the
household,*and by bakers, 'confectioners
and chocolate manufacturers. If, how
ever, the milk from the soy bean is
used in the manufactud' of products
as a substitute for milk, the labels of I
CLASS SORGHUMS IN GROUPS I
Saccharine Used for Manufacture of
Sirup-Grains Are Adapted to
(By J. F. NICHOLBO, Agronomist, Uni
versity of nbona.)
The sorghums are genmrally classed 4
into two groups: The saccharine, a
mild sorghum used for sirdp making
or for forage, and the nonsaccharine
sorghums, sometimes called grain sor
ghums, used for grain and forage.
The grain sorghums are of tropical
origin, and possess the ability of flour
ishing best in hot climates. They are
particularly drought resistant, aqd ad
mirably adapted to the semi-arid re
glons of the South. They reach their
best development under eight to ten
inches of gainfall during the growing
There are three general types of
grain sorghums classified according to
the character of head:
1. Kafir, with compact, erect heads
2. Durra, with compact, pendant
3. Broomcorn type, with loose,
The varieties of asin sorghums
profitably grown tin Arlsona that belong
to these types are as follows:
Black hall white hafr, dwarf and
White milo or darra.
Yellow milo, generally called Mllo
Maize, dwarf and standard.
%REEN STUFF BIG NECESSITY
Among Other Things Give Fowls Cab
begs, Manel Beets, Etc.--Steamed
Alfalfa Is Good.
As the winter wears on, the fowls
have more and more need for plenty
of green staff. Among the beat things
are cheap cabbage, managel beets,
specked apples, and so on. Other good
green foods are green cred clovr,
and alfalfa freshened by steaming I
Work for, Peltry Ma.
Thinls to be worked for by every
poultry keeper: More eggs finer qual
ity of flesh, large body sd more
Unoever Top of llge.
Uncover the top of the aslagek all
over evely evermy day and ther will
be less mspolage.
Oil Pres Sey Sam
A tm ot s bean wil yield ht
o40 palloos of al usefal in uasea
such products should indicate that the
substitution has been made; otherwise
it woult constitute adulteration under
the food and drugs act.
In addition to its use for flour and
milk, the soy bean can he prepared as
human food in numerous ways. T"
green bean, when from three-fourths to
full grown, has been found to com
pare favorably with the butter or lima
bean. The soy bean has been utilized
not only in the United States but in
European countries as a substitute for
the coffee bean. When roasted and
prepared, it makes an excellent sub
stitute for coffee. In Asia the dried
beans, especially the green-seeded Va
rieties, are soaked in salt water and
then roasted, this product being eaten
after the manner of roasted peanuts.
The value of soy-bean meal for pro
ducing meat, milk and butter is well
established. It is one of the chea~
of the highly nitrogenous feeding sitfs
and is therefore one of the 'up eco
nomical for balancing rations de .
In nitrogen. Its use in America is con
fined at the present time almost entire
ly to Ae Pacific states, where it is con
idffred a' valuable feed not only by
dairy men but also by poultry men.
Owing to its high content of protein,
the meal should be used with the same
precautions as are observed with other
highly concentrated feeds, to avoid di
gestive troubles. As regards digestibil
ity, soy-bean meal compares very fa
vorably with other oil meals.
As a Fertilizer.
The utilization of soy-bean meal for
fertilizing purposes has been conflnV
almost entirely to Asiatic countries.
Followipg the recent production In
Southern states of bean cake and l
om American-grown beans, howeves,
e zer manufacturers have taken an
est in the fertilizing po
sHW it egneal. Analyses by the
2 *. qted Hep tma· of agricul
tuoe that whlle soy-bean
mel . 4leal, has a high
a lt n w
resulting made to tWiL
orDSe a L '-.
In the United StPt o methodstOf
extracting oil from soy beans--the hy - "
draulic and thi expeller processees
are used by oil mibs, the latter produc
ing the highest yields. Extensive tests
with domestic beans indicate that one
ton of seed will yler he expeller
process an averagP l lo 1l Ol
and 1,900 pounds l , t dler
e ( pth andthe evp
moture driven off after the
ben crushed and heqted.
POULTRY MANURE IN GARDEN
Droppings Make Vegetables Greaw a
They Never Grew Before-Apply
During Spring Work.
If the garden, poultry droppings will
make the vegetables grow as they nev
er grew before,
In the spring when we spade up the
garden in preparation for seeding, we
work in a liberal quantity of the drppd
pings, which have been saved durld
the* winter months for this purpose,
says a writer in an exdhange.a any
people throw the droppings on the gas
den during the winter, thinking they
are. doing the right thing. However,
the nitrogen in the droppings is lost
when thig course is followed.
SUCCESSFUL AS A HAY CROP
Acreage Now Planted in Middle and
Southwestern States is Large
New African Varieties.
Sudan grass, introduced by o de
partment of agricultu, n
tributed in 1912, hasI 7f
ably succ. .sl a a .crp cro-,r
Middle nd Sau our ern tser and
the acreae now ilted is very large.
Numerous related varieties have now
been secured from Africa and are be
ing tested, espeelally the dwarz va
rieties, with larger grain that may be
harvested like oats.
BREAKINGB HRSE TO STAND
Put Him Into Cart and Simply Held
Him If He Reuars and Fall
Cure Excessa Enmergy.
To break a horse to stand while se
ting in the rig, put him into a break
aing art and samplty hold him if he
rears sad falls. When he getp p esa
tinue to hold him as it nothing had oc
curred. Plenty of use is helpful as It
takes up the excess energy until habit
Dividend Pream Cutting ex.
That cuttlrg box would pay a dl~
dead on Its purebheae prices if ued IJ
cut dover and atfalf hay far the peoL
ewes Plawred sens
Sits impelibe to mae at,
dean, Savored bentr tie. eli, e
hrau s me Uush rBelles sr .see
I1 le whem _ ~r - eie